File: Misc.hs

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{- misc utility functions
 -
 - Copyright 2010-2011 Joey Hess <joey@kitenet.net>
 -
 - License: BSD-2-clause
 -}

{-# LANGUAGE CPP #-}

module Utility.Misc where

import System.IO
import Control.Monad
import Foreign
import Data.Char
import Data.List
import Control.Applicative
import System.Exit
#ifndef mingw32_HOST_OS
import System.Posix.Process (getAnyProcessStatus)
import Utility.Exception
#endif

import Utility.FileSystemEncoding
import Utility.Monad

{- A version of hgetContents that is not lazy. Ensures file is 
 - all read before it gets closed. -}
hGetContentsStrict :: Handle -> IO String
hGetContentsStrict = hGetContents >=> \s -> length s `seq` return s

{- A version of readFile that is not lazy. -}
readFileStrict :: FilePath -> IO String
readFileStrict = readFile >=> \s -> length s `seq` return s

{-  Reads a file strictly, and using the FileSystemEncoding, so it will
 -  never crash on a badly encoded file. -}
readFileStrictAnyEncoding :: FilePath -> IO String
readFileStrictAnyEncoding f = withFile f ReadMode $ \h -> do
	fileEncoding h
	hClose h `after` hGetContentsStrict h

{- Writes a file, using the FileSystemEncoding so it will never crash
 - on a badly encoded content string. -}
writeFileAnyEncoding :: FilePath -> String -> IO ()
writeFileAnyEncoding f content = withFile f WriteMode $ \h -> do
	fileEncoding h
	hPutStr h content

{- Like break, but the item matching the condition is not included
 - in the second result list.
 -
 - separate (== ':') "foo:bar" = ("foo", "bar")
 - separate (== ':') "foobar" = ("foobar", "")
 -}
separate :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a])
separate c l = unbreak $ break c l
  where
	unbreak r@(a, b)
		| null b = r
		| otherwise = (a, tail b)

{- Breaks out the first line. -}
firstLine :: String -> String
firstLine = takeWhile (/= '\n')

{- Splits a list into segments that are delimited by items matching
 - a predicate. (The delimiters are not included in the segments.)
 - Segments may be empty. -}
segment :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [[a]]
segment p l = map reverse $ go [] [] l
  where
	go c r [] = reverse $ c:r
	go c r (i:is)
		| p i = go [] (c:r) is
		| otherwise = go (i:c) r is

prop_segment_regressionTest :: Bool
prop_segment_regressionTest = all id
	-- Even an empty list is a segment.
	[ segment (== "--") [] == [[]]
	-- There are two segements in this list, even though the first is empty.
	, segment (== "--") ["--", "foo", "bar"] == [[],["foo","bar"]]
	]

{- Includes the delimiters as segments of their own. -}
segmentDelim :: (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [[a]]
segmentDelim p l = map reverse $ go [] [] l
  where
	go c r [] = reverse $ c:r
	go c r (i:is)
		| p i = go [] ([i]:c:r) is
		| otherwise = go (i:c) r is

{- Replaces multiple values in a string.
 -
 - Takes care to skip over just-replaced values, so that they are not
 - mangled. For example, massReplace [("foo", "new foo")] does not
 - replace the "new foo" with "new new foo".
 -}
massReplace :: [(String, String)] -> String -> String
massReplace vs = go [] vs
  where

	go acc _ [] = concat $ reverse acc
	go acc [] (c:cs) = go ([c]:acc) vs cs
	go acc ((val, replacement):rest) s
		| val `isPrefixOf` s =
			go (replacement:acc) vs (drop (length val) s)
		| otherwise = go acc rest s

{- Wrapper around hGetBufSome that returns a String.
 -
 - The null string is returned on eof, otherwise returns whatever
 - data is currently available to read from the handle, or waits for
 - data to be written to it if none is currently available.
 - 
 - Note on encodings: The normal encoding of the Handle is ignored;
 - each byte is converted to a Char. Not unicode clean!
 -}
hGetSomeString :: Handle -> Int -> IO String
hGetSomeString h sz = do
	fp <- mallocForeignPtrBytes sz
	len <- withForeignPtr fp $ \buf -> hGetBufSome h buf sz
	map (chr . fromIntegral) <$> withForeignPtr fp (peekbytes len)
  where
	peekbytes :: Int -> Ptr Word8 -> IO [Word8]
	peekbytes len buf = mapM (peekElemOff buf) [0..pred len]

{- Reaps any zombie git processes. 
 -
 - Warning: Not thread safe. Anything that was expecting to wait
 - on a process and get back an exit status is going to be confused
 - if this reap gets there first. -}
reapZombies :: IO ()
#ifndef mingw32_HOST_OS
reapZombies = do
	-- throws an exception when there are no child processes
	catchDefaultIO Nothing (getAnyProcessStatus False True)
		>>= maybe (return ()) (const reapZombies)

#else
reapZombies = return ()
#endif

exitBool :: Bool -> IO a
exitBool False = exitFailure
exitBool True = exitSuccess