File: diffcore-delta.c

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#include "cache.h"
#include "diff.h"
#include "diffcore.h"

/*
 * Idea here is very simple.
 *
 * Almost all data we are interested in are text, but sometimes we have
 * to deal with binary data.  So we cut them into chunks delimited by
 * LF byte, or 64-byte sequence, whichever comes first, and hash them.
 *
 * For those chunks, if the source buffer has more instances of it
 * than the destination buffer, that means the difference are the
 * number of bytes not copied from source to destination.  If the
 * counts are the same, everything was copied from source to
 * destination.  If the destination has more, everything was copied,
 * and destination added more.
 *
 * We are doing an approximation so we do not really have to waste
 * memory by actually storing the sequence.  We just hash them into
 * somewhere around 2^16 hashbuckets and count the occurrences.
 */

/* Wild guess at the initial hash size */
#define INITIAL_HASH_SIZE 9

/* We leave more room in smaller hash but do not let it
 * grow to have unused hole too much.
 */
#define INITIAL_FREE(sz_log2) ((1<<(sz_log2))*(sz_log2-3)/(sz_log2))

/* A prime rather carefully chosen between 2^16..2^17, so that
 * HASHBASE < INITIAL_FREE(17).  We want to keep the maximum hashtable
 * size under the current 2<<17 maximum, which can hold this many
 * different values before overflowing to hashtable of size 2<<18.
 */
#define HASHBASE 107927

struct spanhash {
	unsigned int hashval;
	unsigned int cnt;
};
struct spanhash_top {
	int alloc_log2;
	int free;
	struct spanhash data[FLEX_ARRAY];
};

static struct spanhash_top *spanhash_rehash(struct spanhash_top *orig)
{
	struct spanhash_top *new_spanhash;
	int i;
	int osz = 1 << orig->alloc_log2;
	int sz = osz << 1;

	new_spanhash = xmalloc(st_add(sizeof(*orig),
			     st_mult(sizeof(struct spanhash), sz)));
	new_spanhash->alloc_log2 = orig->alloc_log2 + 1;
	new_spanhash->free = INITIAL_FREE(new_spanhash->alloc_log2);
	memset(new_spanhash->data, 0, sizeof(struct spanhash) * sz);
	for (i = 0; i < osz; i++) {
		struct spanhash *o = &(orig->data[i]);
		int bucket;
		if (!o->cnt)
			continue;
		bucket = o->hashval & (sz - 1);
		while (1) {
			struct spanhash *h = &(new_spanhash->data[bucket++]);
			if (!h->cnt) {
				h->hashval = o->hashval;
				h->cnt = o->cnt;
				new_spanhash->free--;
				break;
			}
			if (sz <= bucket)
				bucket = 0;
		}
	}
	free(orig);
	return new_spanhash;
}

static struct spanhash_top *add_spanhash(struct spanhash_top *top,
					 unsigned int hashval, int cnt)
{
	int bucket, lim;
	struct spanhash *h;

	lim = (1 << top->alloc_log2);
	bucket = hashval & (lim - 1);
	while (1) {
		h = &(top->data[bucket++]);
		if (!h->cnt) {
			h->hashval = hashval;
			h->cnt = cnt;
			top->free--;
			if (top->free < 0)
				return spanhash_rehash(top);
			return top;
		}
		if (h->hashval == hashval) {
			h->cnt += cnt;
			return top;
		}
		if (lim <= bucket)
			bucket = 0;
	}
}

static int spanhash_cmp(const void *a_, const void *b_)
{
	const struct spanhash *a = a_;
	const struct spanhash *b = b_;

	/* A count of zero compares at the end.. */
	if (!a->cnt)
		return !b->cnt ? 0 : 1;
	if (!b->cnt)
		return -1;
	return a->hashval < b->hashval ? -1 :
		a->hashval > b->hashval ? 1 : 0;
}

static struct spanhash_top *hash_chars(struct repository *r,
				       struct diff_filespec *one)
{
	int i, n;
	unsigned int accum1, accum2, hashval;
	struct spanhash_top *hash;
	unsigned char *buf = one->data;
	unsigned int sz = one->size;
	int is_text = !diff_filespec_is_binary(r, one);

	i = INITIAL_HASH_SIZE;
	hash = xmalloc(st_add(sizeof(*hash),
			      st_mult(sizeof(struct spanhash), 1<<i)));
	hash->alloc_log2 = i;
	hash->free = INITIAL_FREE(i);
	memset(hash->data, 0, sizeof(struct spanhash) * (1<<i));

	n = 0;
	accum1 = accum2 = 0;
	while (sz) {
		unsigned int c = *buf++;
		unsigned int old_1 = accum1;
		sz--;

		/* Ignore CR in CRLF sequence if text */
		if (is_text && c == '\r' && sz && *buf == '\n')
			continue;

		accum1 = (accum1 << 7) ^ (accum2 >> 25);
		accum2 = (accum2 << 7) ^ (old_1 >> 25);
		accum1 += c;
		if (++n < 64 && c != '\n')
			continue;
		hashval = (accum1 + accum2 * 0x61) % HASHBASE;
		hash = add_spanhash(hash, hashval, n);
		n = 0;
		accum1 = accum2 = 0;
	}
	QSORT(hash->data, 1ul << hash->alloc_log2, spanhash_cmp);
	return hash;
}

int diffcore_count_changes(struct repository *r,
			   struct diff_filespec *src,
			   struct diff_filespec *dst,
			   void **src_count_p,
			   void **dst_count_p,
			   unsigned long *src_copied,
			   unsigned long *literal_added)
{
	struct spanhash *s, *d;
	struct spanhash_top *src_count, *dst_count;
	unsigned long sc, la;

	src_count = dst_count = NULL;
	if (src_count_p)
		src_count = *src_count_p;
	if (!src_count) {
		src_count = hash_chars(r, src);
		if (src_count_p)
			*src_count_p = src_count;
	}
	if (dst_count_p)
		dst_count = *dst_count_p;
	if (!dst_count) {
		dst_count = hash_chars(r, dst);
		if (dst_count_p)
			*dst_count_p = dst_count;
	}
	sc = la = 0;

	s = src_count->data;
	d = dst_count->data;
	for (;;) {
		unsigned dst_cnt, src_cnt;
		if (!s->cnt)
			break; /* we checked all in src */
		while (d->cnt) {
			if (d->hashval >= s->hashval)
				break;
			la += d->cnt;
			d++;
		}
		src_cnt = s->cnt;
		dst_cnt = 0;
		if (d->cnt && d->hashval == s->hashval) {
			dst_cnt = d->cnt;
			d++;
		}
		if (src_cnt < dst_cnt) {
			la += dst_cnt - src_cnt;
			sc += src_cnt;
		}
		else
			sc += dst_cnt;
		s++;
	}
	while (d->cnt) {
		la += d->cnt;
		d++;
	}

	if (!src_count_p)
		free(src_count);
	if (!dst_count_p)
		free(dst_count);
	*src_copied = sc;
	*literal_added = la;
	return 0;
}