File: fetch-pack.c

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#include "cache.h"
#include "repository.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "lockfile.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "pkt-line.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "tag.h"
#include "exec-cmd.h"
#include "pack.h"
#include "sideband.h"
#include "fetch-pack.h"
#include "remote.h"
#include "run-command.h"
#include "connect.h"
#include "transport.h"
#include "version.h"
#include "sha1-array.h"
#include "oidset.h"
#include "packfile.h"
#include "object-store.h"
#include "connected.h"
#include "fetch-negotiator.h"
#include "fsck.h"

static int transfer_unpack_limit = -1;
static int fetch_unpack_limit = -1;
static int unpack_limit = 100;
static int prefer_ofs_delta = 1;
static int no_done;
static int deepen_since_ok;
static int deepen_not_ok;
static int fetch_fsck_objects = -1;
static int transfer_fsck_objects = -1;
static int agent_supported;
static int server_supports_filtering;
static struct lock_file shallow_lock;
static const char *alternate_shallow_file;
static char *negotiation_algorithm;
static struct strbuf fsck_msg_types = STRBUF_INIT;

/* Remember to update object flag allocation in object.h */
#define COMPLETE	(1U << 0)
#define ALTERNATE	(1U << 1)

/*
 * After sending this many "have"s if we do not get any new ACK , we
 * give up traversing our history.
 */
#define MAX_IN_VAIN 256

static int multi_ack, use_sideband;
/* Allow specifying sha1 if it is a ref tip. */
#define ALLOW_TIP_SHA1	01
/* Allow request of a sha1 if it is reachable from a ref (possibly hidden ref). */
#define ALLOW_REACHABLE_SHA1	02
static unsigned int allow_unadvertised_object_request;

__attribute__((format (printf, 2, 3)))
static inline void print_verbose(const struct fetch_pack_args *args,
				 const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list params;

	if (!args->verbose)
		return;

	va_start(params, fmt);
	vfprintf(stderr, fmt, params);
	va_end(params);
	fputc('\n', stderr);
}

struct alternate_object_cache {
	struct object **items;
	size_t nr, alloc;
};

static void cache_one_alternate(const struct object_id *oid,
				void *vcache)
{
	struct alternate_object_cache *cache = vcache;
	struct object *obj = parse_object(the_repository, oid);

	if (!obj || (obj->flags & ALTERNATE))
		return;

	obj->flags |= ALTERNATE;
	ALLOC_GROW(cache->items, cache->nr + 1, cache->alloc);
	cache->items[cache->nr++] = obj;
}

static void for_each_cached_alternate(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
				      void (*cb)(struct fetch_negotiator *,
						 struct object *))
{
	static int initialized;
	static struct alternate_object_cache cache;
	size_t i;

	if (!initialized) {
		for_each_alternate_ref(cache_one_alternate, &cache);
		initialized = 1;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < cache.nr; i++)
		cb(negotiator, cache.items[i]);
}

static int rev_list_insert_ref(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
			       const char *refname,
			       const struct object_id *oid)
{
	struct object *o = deref_tag(the_repository,
				     parse_object(the_repository, oid),
				     refname, 0);

	if (o && o->type == OBJ_COMMIT)
		negotiator->add_tip(negotiator, (struct commit *)o);

	return 0;
}

static int rev_list_insert_ref_oid(const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid,
				   int flag, void *cb_data)
{
	return rev_list_insert_ref(cb_data, refname, oid);
}

enum ack_type {
	NAK = 0,
	ACK,
	ACK_continue,
	ACK_common,
	ACK_ready
};

static void consume_shallow_list(struct fetch_pack_args *args, int fd)
{
	if (args->stateless_rpc && args->deepen) {
		/* If we sent a depth we will get back "duplicate"
		 * shallow and unshallow commands every time there
		 * is a block of have lines exchanged.
		 */
		char *line;
		while ((line = packet_read_line(fd, NULL))) {
			if (starts_with(line, "shallow "))
				continue;
			if (starts_with(line, "unshallow "))
				continue;
			die(_("git fetch-pack: expected shallow list"));
		}
	}
}

static enum ack_type get_ack(int fd, struct object_id *result_oid)
{
	int len;
	char *line = packet_read_line(fd, &len);
	const char *arg;

	if (!line)
		die(_("git fetch-pack: expected ACK/NAK, got a flush packet"));
	if (!strcmp(line, "NAK"))
		return NAK;
	if (skip_prefix(line, "ACK ", &arg)) {
		if (!get_oid_hex(arg, result_oid)) {
			arg += 40;
			len -= arg - line;
			if (len < 1)
				return ACK;
			if (strstr(arg, "continue"))
				return ACK_continue;
			if (strstr(arg, "common"))
				return ACK_common;
			if (strstr(arg, "ready"))
				return ACK_ready;
			return ACK;
		}
	}
	if (skip_prefix(line, "ERR ", &arg))
		die(_("remote error: %s"), arg);
	die(_("git fetch-pack: expected ACK/NAK, got '%s'"), line);
}

static void send_request(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
			 int fd, struct strbuf *buf)
{
	if (args->stateless_rpc) {
		send_sideband(fd, -1, buf->buf, buf->len, LARGE_PACKET_MAX);
		packet_flush(fd);
	} else
		write_or_die(fd, buf->buf, buf->len);
}

static void insert_one_alternate_object(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
					struct object *obj)
{
	rev_list_insert_ref(negotiator, NULL, &obj->oid);
}

#define INITIAL_FLUSH 16
#define PIPESAFE_FLUSH 32
#define LARGE_FLUSH 16384

static int next_flush(int stateless_rpc, int count)
{
	if (stateless_rpc) {
		if (count < LARGE_FLUSH)
			count <<= 1;
		else
			count = count * 11 / 10;
	} else {
		if (count < PIPESAFE_FLUSH)
			count <<= 1;
		else
			count += PIPESAFE_FLUSH;
	}
	return count;
}

static void mark_tips(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
		      const struct oid_array *negotiation_tips)
{
	int i;

	if (!negotiation_tips) {
		for_each_ref(rev_list_insert_ref_oid, negotiator);
		return;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < negotiation_tips->nr; i++)
		rev_list_insert_ref(negotiator, NULL,
				    &negotiation_tips->oid[i]);
	return;
}

static int find_common(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
		       struct fetch_pack_args *args,
		       int fd[2], struct object_id *result_oid,
		       struct ref *refs)
{
	int fetching;
	int count = 0, flushes = 0, flush_at = INITIAL_FLUSH, retval;
	const struct object_id *oid;
	unsigned in_vain = 0;
	int got_continue = 0;
	int got_ready = 0;
	struct strbuf req_buf = STRBUF_INIT;
	size_t state_len = 0;

	if (args->stateless_rpc && multi_ack == 1)
		die(_("--stateless-rpc requires multi_ack_detailed"));

	if (!args->no_dependents) {
		mark_tips(negotiator, args->negotiation_tips);
		for_each_cached_alternate(negotiator, insert_one_alternate_object);
	}

	fetching = 0;
	for ( ; refs ; refs = refs->next) {
		struct object_id *remote = &refs->old_oid;
		const char *remote_hex;
		struct object *o;

		/*
		 * If that object is complete (i.e. it is an ancestor of a
		 * local ref), we tell them we have it but do not have to
		 * tell them about its ancestors, which they already know
		 * about.
		 *
		 * We use lookup_object here because we are only
		 * interested in the case we *know* the object is
		 * reachable and we have already scanned it.
		 *
		 * Do this only if args->no_dependents is false (if it is true,
		 * we cannot trust the object flags).
		 */
		if (!args->no_dependents &&
		    ((o = lookup_object(the_repository, remote->hash)) != NULL) &&
				(o->flags & COMPLETE)) {
			continue;
		}

		remote_hex = oid_to_hex(remote);
		if (!fetching) {
			struct strbuf c = STRBUF_INIT;
			if (multi_ack == 2)     strbuf_addstr(&c, " multi_ack_detailed");
			if (multi_ack == 1)     strbuf_addstr(&c, " multi_ack");
			if (no_done)            strbuf_addstr(&c, " no-done");
			if (use_sideband == 2)  strbuf_addstr(&c, " side-band-64k");
			if (use_sideband == 1)  strbuf_addstr(&c, " side-band");
			if (args->deepen_relative) strbuf_addstr(&c, " deepen-relative");
			if (args->use_thin_pack) strbuf_addstr(&c, " thin-pack");
			if (args->no_progress)   strbuf_addstr(&c, " no-progress");
			if (args->include_tag)   strbuf_addstr(&c, " include-tag");
			if (prefer_ofs_delta)   strbuf_addstr(&c, " ofs-delta");
			if (deepen_since_ok)    strbuf_addstr(&c, " deepen-since");
			if (deepen_not_ok)      strbuf_addstr(&c, " deepen-not");
			if (agent_supported)    strbuf_addf(&c, " agent=%s",
							    git_user_agent_sanitized());
			if (args->filter_options.choice)
				strbuf_addstr(&c, " filter");
			packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "want %s%s\n", remote_hex, c.buf);
			strbuf_release(&c);
		} else
			packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "want %s\n", remote_hex);
		fetching++;
	}

	if (!fetching) {
		strbuf_release(&req_buf);
		packet_flush(fd[1]);
		return 1;
	}

	if (is_repository_shallow(the_repository))
		write_shallow_commits(&req_buf, 1, NULL);
	if (args->depth > 0)
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "deepen %d", args->depth);
	if (args->deepen_since) {
		timestamp_t max_age = approxidate(args->deepen_since);
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "deepen-since %"PRItime, max_age);
	}
	if (args->deepen_not) {
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < args->deepen_not->nr; i++) {
			struct string_list_item *s = args->deepen_not->items + i;
			packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "deepen-not %s", s->string);
		}
	}
	if (server_supports_filtering && args->filter_options.choice)
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "filter %s",
				 args->filter_options.filter_spec);
	packet_buf_flush(&req_buf);
	state_len = req_buf.len;

	if (args->deepen) {
		char *line;
		const char *arg;
		struct object_id oid;

		send_request(args, fd[1], &req_buf);
		while ((line = packet_read_line(fd[0], NULL))) {
			if (skip_prefix(line, "shallow ", &arg)) {
				if (get_oid_hex(arg, &oid))
					die(_("invalid shallow line: %s"), line);
				register_shallow(the_repository, &oid);
				continue;
			}
			if (skip_prefix(line, "unshallow ", &arg)) {
				if (get_oid_hex(arg, &oid))
					die(_("invalid unshallow line: %s"), line);
				if (!lookup_object(the_repository, oid.hash))
					die(_("object not found: %s"), line);
				/* make sure that it is parsed as shallow */
				if (!parse_object(the_repository, &oid))
					die(_("error in object: %s"), line);
				if (unregister_shallow(&oid))
					die(_("no shallow found: %s"), line);
				continue;
			}
			die(_("expected shallow/unshallow, got %s"), line);
		}
	} else if (!args->stateless_rpc)
		send_request(args, fd[1], &req_buf);

	if (!args->stateless_rpc) {
		/* If we aren't using the stateless-rpc interface
		 * we don't need to retain the headers.
		 */
		strbuf_setlen(&req_buf, 0);
		state_len = 0;
	}

	flushes = 0;
	retval = -1;
	if (args->no_dependents)
		goto done;
	while ((oid = negotiator->next(negotiator))) {
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "have %s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
		print_verbose(args, "have %s", oid_to_hex(oid));
		in_vain++;
		if (flush_at <= ++count) {
			int ack;

			packet_buf_flush(&req_buf);
			send_request(args, fd[1], &req_buf);
			strbuf_setlen(&req_buf, state_len);
			flushes++;
			flush_at = next_flush(args->stateless_rpc, count);

			/*
			 * We keep one window "ahead" of the other side, and
			 * will wait for an ACK only on the next one
			 */
			if (!args->stateless_rpc && count == INITIAL_FLUSH)
				continue;

			consume_shallow_list(args, fd[0]);
			do {
				ack = get_ack(fd[0], result_oid);
				if (ack)
					print_verbose(args, _("got %s %d %s"), "ack",
						      ack, oid_to_hex(result_oid));
				switch (ack) {
				case ACK:
					flushes = 0;
					multi_ack = 0;
					retval = 0;
					goto done;
				case ACK_common:
				case ACK_ready:
				case ACK_continue: {
					struct commit *commit =
						lookup_commit(the_repository,
							      result_oid);
					int was_common;

					if (!commit)
						die(_("invalid commit %s"), oid_to_hex(result_oid));
					was_common = negotiator->ack(negotiator, commit);
					if (args->stateless_rpc
					 && ack == ACK_common
					 && !was_common) {
						/* We need to replay the have for this object
						 * on the next RPC request so the peer knows
						 * it is in common with us.
						 */
						const char *hex = oid_to_hex(result_oid);
						packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "have %s\n", hex);
						state_len = req_buf.len;
						/*
						 * Reset in_vain because an ack
						 * for this commit has not been
						 * seen.
						 */
						in_vain = 0;
					} else if (!args->stateless_rpc
						   || ack != ACK_common)
						in_vain = 0;
					retval = 0;
					got_continue = 1;
					if (ack == ACK_ready)
						got_ready = 1;
					break;
					}
				}
			} while (ack);
			flushes--;
			if (got_continue && MAX_IN_VAIN < in_vain) {
				print_verbose(args, _("giving up"));
				break; /* give up */
			}
			if (got_ready)
				break;
		}
	}
done:
	if (!got_ready || !no_done) {
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "done\n");
		send_request(args, fd[1], &req_buf);
	}
	print_verbose(args, _("done"));
	if (retval != 0) {
		multi_ack = 0;
		flushes++;
	}
	strbuf_release(&req_buf);

	if (!got_ready || !no_done)
		consume_shallow_list(args, fd[0]);
	while (flushes || multi_ack) {
		int ack = get_ack(fd[0], result_oid);
		if (ack) {
			print_verbose(args, _("got %s (%d) %s"), "ack",
				      ack, oid_to_hex(result_oid));
			if (ack == ACK)
				return 0;
			multi_ack = 1;
			continue;
		}
		flushes--;
	}
	/* it is no error to fetch into a completely empty repo */
	return count ? retval : 0;
}

static struct commit_list *complete;

static int mark_complete(const struct object_id *oid)
{
	struct object *o = parse_object(the_repository, oid);

	while (o && o->type == OBJ_TAG) {
		struct tag *t = (struct tag *) o;
		if (!t->tagged)
			break; /* broken repository */
		o->flags |= COMPLETE;
		o = parse_object(the_repository, &t->tagged->oid);
	}
	if (o && o->type == OBJ_COMMIT) {
		struct commit *commit = (struct commit *)o;
		if (!(commit->object.flags & COMPLETE)) {
			commit->object.flags |= COMPLETE;
			commit_list_insert(commit, &complete);
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int mark_complete_oid(const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid,
			     int flag, void *cb_data)
{
	return mark_complete(oid);
}

static void mark_recent_complete_commits(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
					 timestamp_t cutoff)
{
	while (complete && cutoff <= complete->item->date) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Marking %s as complete"),
			      oid_to_hex(&complete->item->object.oid));
		pop_most_recent_commit(&complete, COMPLETE);
	}
}

static void add_refs_to_oidset(struct oidset *oids, struct ref *refs)
{
	for (; refs; refs = refs->next)
		oidset_insert(oids, &refs->old_oid);
}

static int is_unmatched_ref(const struct ref *ref)
{
	struct object_id oid;
	const char *p;
	return	ref->match_status == REF_NOT_MATCHED &&
		!parse_oid_hex(ref->name, &oid, &p) &&
		*p == '\0' &&
		oideq(&oid, &ref->old_oid);
}

static void filter_refs(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
			struct ref **refs,
			struct ref **sought, int nr_sought)
{
	struct ref *newlist = NULL;
	struct ref **newtail = &newlist;
	struct ref *unmatched = NULL;
	struct ref *ref, *next;
	struct oidset tip_oids = OIDSET_INIT;
	int i;
	int strict = !(allow_unadvertised_object_request &
		       (ALLOW_TIP_SHA1 | ALLOW_REACHABLE_SHA1));

	i = 0;
	for (ref = *refs; ref; ref = next) {
		int keep = 0;
		next = ref->next;

		if (starts_with(ref->name, "refs/") &&
		    check_refname_format(ref->name, 0))
			; /* trash */
		else {
			while (i < nr_sought) {
				int cmp = strcmp(ref->name, sought[i]->name);
				if (cmp < 0)
					break; /* definitely do not have it */
				else if (cmp == 0) {
					keep = 1; /* definitely have it */
					sought[i]->match_status = REF_MATCHED;
				}
				i++;
			}

			if (!keep && args->fetch_all &&
			    (!args->deepen || !starts_with(ref->name, "refs/tags/")))
				keep = 1;
		}

		if (keep) {
			*newtail = ref;
			ref->next = NULL;
			newtail = &ref->next;
		} else {
			ref->next = unmatched;
			unmatched = ref;
		}
	}

	if (strict) {
		for (i = 0; i < nr_sought; i++) {
			ref = sought[i];
			if (!is_unmatched_ref(ref))
				continue;

			add_refs_to_oidset(&tip_oids, unmatched);
			add_refs_to_oidset(&tip_oids, newlist);
			break;
		}
	}

	/* Append unmatched requests to the list */
	for (i = 0; i < nr_sought; i++) {
		ref = sought[i];
		if (!is_unmatched_ref(ref))
			continue;

		if (!strict || oidset_contains(&tip_oids, &ref->old_oid)) {
			ref->match_status = REF_MATCHED;
			*newtail = copy_ref(ref);
			newtail = &(*newtail)->next;
		} else {
			ref->match_status = REF_UNADVERTISED_NOT_ALLOWED;
		}
	}

	oidset_clear(&tip_oids);
	for (ref = unmatched; ref; ref = next) {
		next = ref->next;
		free(ref);
	}

	*refs = newlist;
}

static void mark_alternate_complete(struct fetch_negotiator *unused,
				    struct object *obj)
{
	mark_complete(&obj->oid);
}

struct loose_object_iter {
	struct oidset *loose_object_set;
	struct ref *refs;
};

/*
 *  If the number of refs is not larger than the number of loose objects,
 *  this function stops inserting.
 */
static int add_loose_objects_to_set(const struct object_id *oid,
				    const char *path,
				    void *data)
{
	struct loose_object_iter *iter = data;
	oidset_insert(iter->loose_object_set, oid);
	if (iter->refs == NULL)
		return 1;

	iter->refs = iter->refs->next;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Mark recent commits available locally and reachable from a local ref as
 * COMPLETE. If args->no_dependents is false, also mark COMPLETE remote refs as
 * COMMON_REF (otherwise, we are not planning to participate in negotiation, and
 * thus do not need COMMON_REF marks).
 *
 * The cutoff time for recency is determined by this heuristic: it is the
 * earliest commit time of the objects in refs that are commits and that we know
 * the commit time of.
 */
static void mark_complete_and_common_ref(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
					 struct fetch_pack_args *args,
					 struct ref **refs)
{
	struct ref *ref;
	int old_save_commit_buffer = save_commit_buffer;
	timestamp_t cutoff = 0;
	struct oidset loose_oid_set = OIDSET_INIT;
	int use_oidset = 0;
	struct loose_object_iter iter = {&loose_oid_set, *refs};

	/* Enumerate all loose objects or know refs are not so many. */
	use_oidset = !for_each_loose_object(add_loose_objects_to_set,
					    &iter, 0);

	save_commit_buffer = 0;

	for (ref = *refs; ref; ref = ref->next) {
		struct object *o;
		unsigned int flags = OBJECT_INFO_QUICK;

		if (use_oidset &&
		    !oidset_contains(&loose_oid_set, &ref->old_oid)) {
			/*
			 * I know this does not exist in the loose form,
			 * so check if it exists in a non-loose form.
			 */
			flags |= OBJECT_INFO_IGNORE_LOOSE;
		}

		if (!has_object_file_with_flags(&ref->old_oid, flags))
			continue;
		o = parse_object(the_repository, &ref->old_oid);
		if (!o)
			continue;

		/* We already have it -- which may mean that we were
		 * in sync with the other side at some time after
		 * that (it is OK if we guess wrong here).
		 */
		if (o->type == OBJ_COMMIT) {
			struct commit *commit = (struct commit *)o;
			if (!cutoff || cutoff < commit->date)
				cutoff = commit->date;
		}
	}

	oidset_clear(&loose_oid_set);

	if (!args->deepen) {
		for_each_ref(mark_complete_oid, NULL);
		for_each_cached_alternate(NULL, mark_alternate_complete);
		commit_list_sort_by_date(&complete);
		if (cutoff)
			mark_recent_complete_commits(args, cutoff);
	}

	/*
	 * Mark all complete remote refs as common refs.
	 * Don't mark them common yet; the server has to be told so first.
	 */
	for (ref = *refs; ref; ref = ref->next) {
		struct object *o = deref_tag(the_repository,
					     lookup_object(the_repository,
					     ref->old_oid.hash),
					     NULL, 0);

		if (!o || o->type != OBJ_COMMIT || !(o->flags & COMPLETE))
			continue;

		negotiator->known_common(negotiator,
					 (struct commit *)o);
	}

	save_commit_buffer = old_save_commit_buffer;
}

/*
 * Returns 1 if every object pointed to by the given remote refs is available
 * locally and reachable from a local ref, and 0 otherwise.
 */
static int everything_local(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
			    struct ref **refs)
{
	struct ref *ref;
	int retval;

	for (retval = 1, ref = *refs; ref ; ref = ref->next) {
		const struct object_id *remote = &ref->old_oid;
		struct object *o;

		o = lookup_object(the_repository, remote->hash);
		if (!o || !(o->flags & COMPLETE)) {
			retval = 0;
			print_verbose(args, "want %s (%s)", oid_to_hex(remote),
				      ref->name);
			continue;
		}
		print_verbose(args, _("already have %s (%s)"), oid_to_hex(remote),
			      ref->name);
	}

	return retval;
}

static int sideband_demux(int in, int out, void *data)
{
	int *xd = data;
	int ret;

	ret = recv_sideband("fetch-pack", xd[0], out);
	close(out);
	return ret;
}

static int get_pack(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
		    int xd[2], char **pack_lockfile)
{
	struct async demux;
	int do_keep = args->keep_pack;
	const char *cmd_name;
	struct pack_header header;
	int pass_header = 0;
	struct child_process cmd = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	int ret;

	memset(&demux, 0, sizeof(demux));
	if (use_sideband) {
		/* xd[] is talking with upload-pack; subprocess reads from
		 * xd[0], spits out band#2 to stderr, and feeds us band#1
		 * through demux->out.
		 */
		demux.proc = sideband_demux;
		demux.data = xd;
		demux.out = -1;
		demux.isolate_sigpipe = 1;
		if (start_async(&demux))
			die(_("fetch-pack: unable to fork off sideband demultiplexer"));
	}
	else
		demux.out = xd[0];

	if (!args->keep_pack && unpack_limit) {

		if (read_pack_header(demux.out, &header))
			die(_("protocol error: bad pack header"));
		pass_header = 1;
		if (ntohl(header.hdr_entries) < unpack_limit)
			do_keep = 0;
		else
			do_keep = 1;
	}

	if (alternate_shallow_file) {
		argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "--shallow-file");
		argv_array_push(&cmd.args, alternate_shallow_file);
	}

	if (do_keep || args->from_promisor) {
		if (pack_lockfile)
			cmd.out = -1;
		cmd_name = "index-pack";
		argv_array_push(&cmd.args, cmd_name);
		argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "--stdin");
		if (!args->quiet && !args->no_progress)
			argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "-v");
		if (args->use_thin_pack)
			argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "--fix-thin");
		if (do_keep && (args->lock_pack || unpack_limit)) {
			char hostname[HOST_NAME_MAX + 1];
			if (xgethostname(hostname, sizeof(hostname)))
				xsnprintf(hostname, sizeof(hostname), "localhost");
			argv_array_pushf(&cmd.args,
					"--keep=fetch-pack %"PRIuMAX " on %s",
					(uintmax_t)getpid(), hostname);
		}
		if (args->check_self_contained_and_connected)
			argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "--check-self-contained-and-connected");
		if (args->from_promisor)
			argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "--promisor");
	}
	else {
		cmd_name = "unpack-objects";
		argv_array_push(&cmd.args, cmd_name);
		if (args->quiet || args->no_progress)
			argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "-q");
		args->check_self_contained_and_connected = 0;
	}

	if (pass_header)
		argv_array_pushf(&cmd.args, "--pack_header=%"PRIu32",%"PRIu32,
				 ntohl(header.hdr_version),
				 ntohl(header.hdr_entries));
	if (fetch_fsck_objects >= 0
	    ? fetch_fsck_objects
	    : transfer_fsck_objects >= 0
	    ? transfer_fsck_objects
	    : 0) {
		if (args->from_promisor)
			/*
			 * We cannot use --strict in index-pack because it
			 * checks both broken objects and links, but we only
			 * want to check for broken objects.
			 */
			argv_array_push(&cmd.args, "--fsck-objects");
		else
			argv_array_pushf(&cmd.args, "--strict%s",
					 fsck_msg_types.buf);
	}

	cmd.in = demux.out;
	cmd.git_cmd = 1;
	if (start_command(&cmd))
		die(_("fetch-pack: unable to fork off %s"), cmd_name);
	if (do_keep && pack_lockfile) {
		*pack_lockfile = index_pack_lockfile(cmd.out);
		close(cmd.out);
	}

	if (!use_sideband)
		/* Closed by start_command() */
		xd[0] = -1;

	ret = finish_command(&cmd);
	if (!ret || (args->check_self_contained_and_connected && ret == 1))
		args->self_contained_and_connected =
			args->check_self_contained_and_connected &&
			ret == 0;
	else
		die(_("%s failed"), cmd_name);
	if (use_sideband && finish_async(&demux))
		die(_("error in sideband demultiplexer"));
	return 0;
}

static int cmp_ref_by_name(const void *a_, const void *b_)
{
	const struct ref *a = *((const struct ref **)a_);
	const struct ref *b = *((const struct ref **)b_);
	return strcmp(a->name, b->name);
}

static struct ref *do_fetch_pack(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
				 int fd[2],
				 const struct ref *orig_ref,
				 struct ref **sought, int nr_sought,
				 struct shallow_info *si,
				 char **pack_lockfile)
{
	struct ref *ref = copy_ref_list(orig_ref);
	struct object_id oid;
	const char *agent_feature;
	int agent_len;
	struct fetch_negotiator negotiator;
	fetch_negotiator_init(&negotiator, negotiation_algorithm);

	sort_ref_list(&ref, ref_compare_name);
	QSORT(sought, nr_sought, cmp_ref_by_name);

	if ((args->depth > 0 || is_repository_shallow(the_repository)) && !server_supports("shallow"))
		die(_("Server does not support shallow clients"));
	if (args->depth > 0 || args->deepen_since || args->deepen_not)
		args->deepen = 1;
	if (server_supports("multi_ack_detailed")) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports multi_ack_detailed"));
		multi_ack = 2;
		if (server_supports("no-done")) {
			print_verbose(args, _("Server supports no-done"));
			if (args->stateless_rpc)
				no_done = 1;
		}
	}
	else if (server_supports("multi_ack")) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports multi_ack"));
		multi_ack = 1;
	}
	if (server_supports("side-band-64k")) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports side-band-64k"));
		use_sideband = 2;
	}
	else if (server_supports("side-band")) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports side-band"));
		use_sideband = 1;
	}
	if (server_supports("allow-tip-sha1-in-want")) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports allow-tip-sha1-in-want"));
		allow_unadvertised_object_request |= ALLOW_TIP_SHA1;
	}
	if (server_supports("allow-reachable-sha1-in-want")) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports allow-reachable-sha1-in-want"));
		allow_unadvertised_object_request |= ALLOW_REACHABLE_SHA1;
	}
	if (!server_supports("thin-pack"))
		args->use_thin_pack = 0;
	if (!server_supports("no-progress"))
		args->no_progress = 0;
	if (!server_supports("include-tag"))
		args->include_tag = 0;
	if (server_supports("ofs-delta"))
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports ofs-delta"));
	else
		prefer_ofs_delta = 0;

	if (server_supports("filter")) {
		server_supports_filtering = 1;
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports filter"));
	} else if (args->filter_options.choice) {
		warning("filtering not recognized by server, ignoring");
	}

	if ((agent_feature = server_feature_value("agent", &agent_len))) {
		agent_supported = 1;
		if (agent_len)
			print_verbose(args, _("Server version is %.*s"),
				      agent_len, agent_feature);
	}
	if (server_supports("deepen-since"))
		deepen_since_ok = 1;
	else if (args->deepen_since)
		die(_("Server does not support --shallow-since"));
	if (server_supports("deepen-not"))
		deepen_not_ok = 1;
	else if (args->deepen_not)
		die(_("Server does not support --shallow-exclude"));
	if (!server_supports("deepen-relative") && args->deepen_relative)
		die(_("Server does not support --deepen"));

	if (!args->no_dependents) {
		mark_complete_and_common_ref(&negotiator, args, &ref);
		filter_refs(args, &ref, sought, nr_sought);
		if (everything_local(args, &ref)) {
			packet_flush(fd[1]);
			goto all_done;
		}
	} else {
		filter_refs(args, &ref, sought, nr_sought);
	}
	if (find_common(&negotiator, args, fd, &oid, ref) < 0)
		if (!args->keep_pack)
			/* When cloning, it is not unusual to have
			 * no common commit.
			 */
			warning(_("no common commits"));

	if (args->stateless_rpc)
		packet_flush(fd[1]);
	if (args->deepen)
		setup_alternate_shallow(&shallow_lock, &alternate_shallow_file,
					NULL);
	else if (si->nr_ours || si->nr_theirs)
		alternate_shallow_file = setup_temporary_shallow(si->shallow);
	else
		alternate_shallow_file = NULL;
	if (get_pack(args, fd, pack_lockfile))
		die(_("git fetch-pack: fetch failed."));

 all_done:
	negotiator.release(&negotiator);
	return ref;
}

static void add_shallow_requests(struct strbuf *req_buf,
				 const struct fetch_pack_args *args)
{
	if (is_repository_shallow(the_repository))
		write_shallow_commits(req_buf, 1, NULL);
	if (args->depth > 0)
		packet_buf_write(req_buf, "deepen %d", args->depth);
	if (args->deepen_since) {
		timestamp_t max_age = approxidate(args->deepen_since);
		packet_buf_write(req_buf, "deepen-since %"PRItime, max_age);
	}
	if (args->deepen_not) {
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < args->deepen_not->nr; i++) {
			struct string_list_item *s = args->deepen_not->items + i;
			packet_buf_write(req_buf, "deepen-not %s", s->string);
		}
	}
}

static void add_wants(int no_dependents, const struct ref *wants, struct strbuf *req_buf)
{
	int use_ref_in_want = server_supports_feature("fetch", "ref-in-want", 0);

	for ( ; wants ; wants = wants->next) {
		const struct object_id *remote = &wants->old_oid;
		struct object *o;

		/*
		 * If that object is complete (i.e. it is an ancestor of a
		 * local ref), we tell them we have it but do not have to
		 * tell them about its ancestors, which they already know
		 * about.
		 *
		 * We use lookup_object here because we are only
		 * interested in the case we *know* the object is
		 * reachable and we have already scanned it.
		 *
		 * Do this only if args->no_dependents is false (if it is true,
		 * we cannot trust the object flags).
		 */
		if (!no_dependents &&
		    ((o = lookup_object(the_repository, remote->hash)) != NULL) &&
		    (o->flags & COMPLETE)) {
			continue;
		}

		if (!use_ref_in_want || wants->exact_oid)
			packet_buf_write(req_buf, "want %s\n", oid_to_hex(remote));
		else
			packet_buf_write(req_buf, "want-ref %s\n", wants->name);
	}
}

static void add_common(struct strbuf *req_buf, struct oidset *common)
{
	struct oidset_iter iter;
	const struct object_id *oid;
	oidset_iter_init(common, &iter);

	while ((oid = oidset_iter_next(&iter))) {
		packet_buf_write(req_buf, "have %s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
	}
}

static int add_haves(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
		     struct strbuf *req_buf,
		     int *haves_to_send, int *in_vain)
{
	int ret = 0;
	int haves_added = 0;
	const struct object_id *oid;

	while ((oid = negotiator->next(negotiator))) {
		packet_buf_write(req_buf, "have %s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
		if (++haves_added >= *haves_to_send)
			break;
	}

	*in_vain += haves_added;
	if (!haves_added || *in_vain >= MAX_IN_VAIN) {
		/* Send Done */
		packet_buf_write(req_buf, "done\n");
		ret = 1;
	}

	/* Increase haves to send on next round */
	*haves_to_send = next_flush(1, *haves_to_send);

	return ret;
}

static int send_fetch_request(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator, int fd_out,
			      const struct fetch_pack_args *args,
			      const struct ref *wants, struct oidset *common,
			      int *haves_to_send, int *in_vain)
{
	int ret = 0;
	struct strbuf req_buf = STRBUF_INIT;

	if (server_supports_v2("fetch", 1))
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "command=fetch");
	if (server_supports_v2("agent", 0))
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "agent=%s", git_user_agent_sanitized());
	if (args->server_options && args->server_options->nr &&
	    server_supports_v2("server-option", 1)) {
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < args->server_options->nr; i++)
			packet_write_fmt(fd_out, "server-option=%s",
					 args->server_options->items[i].string);
	}

	packet_buf_delim(&req_buf);
	if (args->use_thin_pack)
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "thin-pack");
	if (args->no_progress)
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "no-progress");
	if (args->include_tag)
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "include-tag");
	if (prefer_ofs_delta)
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "ofs-delta");

	/* Add shallow-info and deepen request */
	if (server_supports_feature("fetch", "shallow", 0))
		add_shallow_requests(&req_buf, args);
	else if (is_repository_shallow(the_repository) || args->deepen)
		die(_("Server does not support shallow requests"));

	/* Add filter */
	if (server_supports_feature("fetch", "filter", 0) &&
	    args->filter_options.choice) {
		print_verbose(args, _("Server supports filter"));
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "filter %s",
				 args->filter_options.filter_spec);
	} else if (args->filter_options.choice) {
		warning("filtering not recognized by server, ignoring");
	}

	/* add wants */
	add_wants(args->no_dependents, wants, &req_buf);

	if (args->no_dependents) {
		packet_buf_write(&req_buf, "done");
		ret = 1;
	} else {
		/* Add all of the common commits we've found in previous rounds */
		add_common(&req_buf, common);

		/* Add initial haves */
		ret = add_haves(negotiator, &req_buf, haves_to_send, in_vain);
	}

	/* Send request */
	packet_buf_flush(&req_buf);
	write_or_die(fd_out, req_buf.buf, req_buf.len);

	strbuf_release(&req_buf);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Processes a section header in a server's response and checks if it matches
 * `section`.  If the value of `peek` is 1, the header line will be peeked (and
 * not consumed); if 0, the line will be consumed and the function will die if
 * the section header doesn't match what was expected.
 */
static int process_section_header(struct packet_reader *reader,
				  const char *section, int peek)
{
	int ret;

	if (packet_reader_peek(reader) != PACKET_READ_NORMAL)
		die(_("error reading section header '%s'"), section);

	ret = !strcmp(reader->line, section);

	if (!peek) {
		if (!ret)
			die(_("expected '%s', received '%s'"),
			    section, reader->line);
		packet_reader_read(reader);
	}

	return ret;
}

static int process_acks(struct fetch_negotiator *negotiator,
			struct packet_reader *reader,
			struct oidset *common)
{
	/* received */
	int received_ready = 0;
	int received_ack = 0;

	process_section_header(reader, "acknowledgments", 0);
	while (packet_reader_read(reader) == PACKET_READ_NORMAL) {
		const char *arg;

		if (!strcmp(reader->line, "NAK"))
			continue;

		if (skip_prefix(reader->line, "ACK ", &arg)) {
			struct object_id oid;
			if (!get_oid_hex(arg, &oid)) {
				struct commit *commit;
				oidset_insert(common, &oid);
				commit = lookup_commit(the_repository, &oid);
				negotiator->ack(negotiator, commit);
			}
			continue;
		}

		if (!strcmp(reader->line, "ready")) {
			received_ready = 1;
			continue;
		}

		die(_("unexpected acknowledgment line: '%s'"), reader->line);
	}

	if (reader->status != PACKET_READ_FLUSH &&
	    reader->status != PACKET_READ_DELIM)
		die(_("error processing acks: %d"), reader->status);

	/*
	 * If an "acknowledgments" section is sent, a packfile is sent if and
	 * only if "ready" was sent in this section. The other sections
	 * ("shallow-info" and "wanted-refs") are sent only if a packfile is
	 * sent. Therefore, a DELIM is expected if "ready" is sent, and a FLUSH
	 * otherwise.
	 */
	if (received_ready && reader->status != PACKET_READ_DELIM)
		die(_("expected packfile to be sent after 'ready'"));
	if (!received_ready && reader->status != PACKET_READ_FLUSH)
		die(_("expected no other sections to be sent after no 'ready'"));

	/* return 0 if no common, 1 if there are common, or 2 if ready */
	return received_ready ? 2 : (received_ack ? 1 : 0);
}

static void receive_shallow_info(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
				 struct packet_reader *reader)
{
	process_section_header(reader, "shallow-info", 0);
	while (packet_reader_read(reader) == PACKET_READ_NORMAL) {
		const char *arg;
		struct object_id oid;

		if (skip_prefix(reader->line, "shallow ", &arg)) {
			if (get_oid_hex(arg, &oid))
				die(_("invalid shallow line: %s"), reader->line);
			register_shallow(the_repository, &oid);
			continue;
		}
		if (skip_prefix(reader->line, "unshallow ", &arg)) {
			if (get_oid_hex(arg, &oid))
				die(_("invalid unshallow line: %s"), reader->line);
			if (!lookup_object(the_repository, oid.hash))
				die(_("object not found: %s"), reader->line);
			/* make sure that it is parsed as shallow */
			if (!parse_object(the_repository, &oid))
				die(_("error in object: %s"), reader->line);
			if (unregister_shallow(&oid))
				die(_("no shallow found: %s"), reader->line);
			continue;
		}
		die(_("expected shallow/unshallow, got %s"), reader->line);
	}

	if (reader->status != PACKET_READ_FLUSH &&
	    reader->status != PACKET_READ_DELIM)
		die(_("error processing shallow info: %d"), reader->status);

	setup_alternate_shallow(&shallow_lock, &alternate_shallow_file, NULL);
	args->deepen = 1;
}

static void receive_wanted_refs(struct packet_reader *reader,
				struct ref **sought, int nr_sought)
{
	process_section_header(reader, "wanted-refs", 0);
	while (packet_reader_read(reader) == PACKET_READ_NORMAL) {
		struct object_id oid;
		const char *end;
		int i;

		if (parse_oid_hex(reader->line, &oid, &end) || *end++ != ' ')
			die(_("expected wanted-ref, got '%s'"), reader->line);

		for (i = 0; i < nr_sought; i++) {
			if (!strcmp(end, sought[i]->name)) {
				oidcpy(&sought[i]->old_oid, &oid);
				break;
			}
		}

		if (i == nr_sought)
			die(_("unexpected wanted-ref: '%s'"), reader->line);
	}

	if (reader->status != PACKET_READ_DELIM)
		die(_("error processing wanted refs: %d"), reader->status);
}

enum fetch_state {
	FETCH_CHECK_LOCAL = 0,
	FETCH_SEND_REQUEST,
	FETCH_PROCESS_ACKS,
	FETCH_GET_PACK,
	FETCH_DONE,
};

static struct ref *do_fetch_pack_v2(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
				    int fd[2],
				    const struct ref *orig_ref,
				    struct ref **sought, int nr_sought,
				    char **pack_lockfile)
{
	struct ref *ref = copy_ref_list(orig_ref);
	enum fetch_state state = FETCH_CHECK_LOCAL;
	struct oidset common = OIDSET_INIT;
	struct packet_reader reader;
	int in_vain = 0;
	int haves_to_send = INITIAL_FLUSH;
	struct fetch_negotiator negotiator;
	fetch_negotiator_init(&negotiator, negotiation_algorithm);
	packet_reader_init(&reader, fd[0], NULL, 0,
			   PACKET_READ_CHOMP_NEWLINE);

	while (state != FETCH_DONE) {
		switch (state) {
		case FETCH_CHECK_LOCAL:
			sort_ref_list(&ref, ref_compare_name);
			QSORT(sought, nr_sought, cmp_ref_by_name);

			/* v2 supports these by default */
			allow_unadvertised_object_request |= ALLOW_REACHABLE_SHA1;
			use_sideband = 2;
			if (args->depth > 0 || args->deepen_since || args->deepen_not)
				args->deepen = 1;

			/* Filter 'ref' by 'sought' and those that aren't local */
			if (!args->no_dependents) {
				mark_complete_and_common_ref(&negotiator, args, &ref);
				filter_refs(args, &ref, sought, nr_sought);
				if (everything_local(args, &ref))
					state = FETCH_DONE;
				else
					state = FETCH_SEND_REQUEST;

				mark_tips(&negotiator, args->negotiation_tips);
				for_each_cached_alternate(&negotiator,
							  insert_one_alternate_object);
			} else {
				filter_refs(args, &ref, sought, nr_sought);
				state = FETCH_SEND_REQUEST;
			}
			break;
		case FETCH_SEND_REQUEST:
			if (send_fetch_request(&negotiator, fd[1], args, ref,
					       &common,
					       &haves_to_send, &in_vain))
				state = FETCH_GET_PACK;
			else
				state = FETCH_PROCESS_ACKS;
			break;
		case FETCH_PROCESS_ACKS:
			/* Process ACKs/NAKs */
			switch (process_acks(&negotiator, &reader, &common)) {
			case 2:
				state = FETCH_GET_PACK;
				break;
			case 1:
				in_vain = 0;
				/* fallthrough */
			default:
				state = FETCH_SEND_REQUEST;
				break;
			}
			break;
		case FETCH_GET_PACK:
			/* Check for shallow-info section */
			if (process_section_header(&reader, "shallow-info", 1))
				receive_shallow_info(args, &reader);

			if (process_section_header(&reader, "wanted-refs", 1))
				receive_wanted_refs(&reader, sought, nr_sought);

			/* get the pack */
			process_section_header(&reader, "packfile", 0);
			if (get_pack(args, fd, pack_lockfile))
				die(_("git fetch-pack: fetch failed."));

			state = FETCH_DONE;
			break;
		case FETCH_DONE:
			continue;
		}
	}

	negotiator.release(&negotiator);
	oidset_clear(&common);
	return ref;
}

static int fetch_pack_config_cb(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
{
	if (strcmp(var, "fetch.fsck.skiplist") == 0) {
		const char *path;

		if (git_config_pathname(&path, var, value))
			return 1;
		strbuf_addf(&fsck_msg_types, "%cskiplist=%s",
			fsck_msg_types.len ? ',' : '=', path);
		free((char *)path);
		return 0;
	}

	if (skip_prefix(var, "fetch.fsck.", &var)) {
		if (is_valid_msg_type(var, value))
			strbuf_addf(&fsck_msg_types, "%c%s=%s",
				fsck_msg_types.len ? ',' : '=', var, value);
		else
			warning("Skipping unknown msg id '%s'", var);
		return 0;
	}

	return git_default_config(var, value, cb);
}

static void fetch_pack_config(void)
{
	git_config_get_int("fetch.unpacklimit", &fetch_unpack_limit);
	git_config_get_int("transfer.unpacklimit", &transfer_unpack_limit);
	git_config_get_bool("repack.usedeltabaseoffset", &prefer_ofs_delta);
	git_config_get_bool("fetch.fsckobjects", &fetch_fsck_objects);
	git_config_get_bool("transfer.fsckobjects", &transfer_fsck_objects);
	git_config_get_string("fetch.negotiationalgorithm",
			      &negotiation_algorithm);

	git_config(fetch_pack_config_cb, NULL);
}

static void fetch_pack_setup(void)
{
	static int did_setup;
	if (did_setup)
		return;
	fetch_pack_config();
	if (0 <= transfer_unpack_limit)
		unpack_limit = transfer_unpack_limit;
	else if (0 <= fetch_unpack_limit)
		unpack_limit = fetch_unpack_limit;
	did_setup = 1;
}

static int remove_duplicates_in_refs(struct ref **ref, int nr)
{
	struct string_list names = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
	int src, dst;

	for (src = dst = 0; src < nr; src++) {
		struct string_list_item *item;
		item = string_list_insert(&names, ref[src]->name);
		if (item->util)
			continue; /* already have it */
		item->util = ref[src];
		if (src != dst)
			ref[dst] = ref[src];
		dst++;
	}
	for (src = dst; src < nr; src++)
		ref[src] = NULL;
	string_list_clear(&names, 0);
	return dst;
}

static void update_shallow(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
			   struct ref **sought, int nr_sought,
			   struct shallow_info *si)
{
	struct oid_array ref = OID_ARRAY_INIT;
	int *status;
	int i;

	if (args->deepen && alternate_shallow_file) {
		if (*alternate_shallow_file == '\0') { /* --unshallow */
			unlink_or_warn(git_path_shallow(the_repository));
			rollback_lock_file(&shallow_lock);
		} else
			commit_lock_file(&shallow_lock);
		return;
	}

	if (!si->shallow || !si->shallow->nr)
		return;

	if (args->cloning) {
		/*
		 * remote is shallow, but this is a clone, there are
		 * no objects in repo to worry about. Accept any
		 * shallow points that exist in the pack (iow in repo
		 * after get_pack() and reprepare_packed_git())
		 */
		struct oid_array extra = OID_ARRAY_INIT;
		struct object_id *oid = si->shallow->oid;
		for (i = 0; i < si->shallow->nr; i++)
			if (has_object_file(&oid[i]))
				oid_array_append(&extra, &oid[i]);
		if (extra.nr) {
			setup_alternate_shallow(&shallow_lock,
						&alternate_shallow_file,
						&extra);
			commit_lock_file(&shallow_lock);
		}
		oid_array_clear(&extra);
		return;
	}

	if (!si->nr_ours && !si->nr_theirs)
		return;

	remove_nonexistent_theirs_shallow(si);
	if (!si->nr_ours && !si->nr_theirs)
		return;
	for (i = 0; i < nr_sought; i++)
		oid_array_append(&ref, &sought[i]->old_oid);
	si->ref = &ref;

	if (args->update_shallow) {
		/*
		 * remote is also shallow, .git/shallow may be updated
		 * so all refs can be accepted. Make sure we only add
		 * shallow roots that are actually reachable from new
		 * refs.
		 */
		struct oid_array extra = OID_ARRAY_INIT;
		struct object_id *oid = si->shallow->oid;
		assign_shallow_commits_to_refs(si, NULL, NULL);
		if (!si->nr_ours && !si->nr_theirs) {
			oid_array_clear(&ref);
			return;
		}
		for (i = 0; i < si->nr_ours; i++)
			oid_array_append(&extra, &oid[si->ours[i]]);
		for (i = 0; i < si->nr_theirs; i++)
			oid_array_append(&extra, &oid[si->theirs[i]]);
		setup_alternate_shallow(&shallow_lock,
					&alternate_shallow_file,
					&extra);
		commit_lock_file(&shallow_lock);
		oid_array_clear(&extra);
		oid_array_clear(&ref);
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * remote is also shallow, check what ref is safe to update
	 * without updating .git/shallow
	 */
	status = xcalloc(nr_sought, sizeof(*status));
	assign_shallow_commits_to_refs(si, NULL, status);
	if (si->nr_ours || si->nr_theirs) {
		for (i = 0; i < nr_sought; i++)
			if (status[i])
				sought[i]->status = REF_STATUS_REJECT_SHALLOW;
	}
	free(status);
	oid_array_clear(&ref);
}

static int iterate_ref_map(void *cb_data, struct object_id *oid)
{
	struct ref **rm = cb_data;
	struct ref *ref = *rm;

	if (!ref)
		return -1; /* end of the list */
	*rm = ref->next;
	oidcpy(oid, &ref->old_oid);
	return 0;
}

struct ref *fetch_pack(struct fetch_pack_args *args,
		       int fd[], struct child_process *conn,
		       const struct ref *ref,
		       const char *dest,
		       struct ref **sought, int nr_sought,
		       struct oid_array *shallow,
		       char **pack_lockfile,
		       enum protocol_version version)
{
	struct ref *ref_cpy;
	struct shallow_info si;

	fetch_pack_setup();
	if (nr_sought)
		nr_sought = remove_duplicates_in_refs(sought, nr_sought);

	if (args->no_dependents && !args->filter_options.choice) {
		/*
		 * The protocol does not support requesting that only the
		 * wanted objects be sent, so approximate this by setting a
		 * "blob:none" filter if no filter is already set. This works
		 * for all object types: note that wanted blobs will still be
		 * sent because they are directly specified as a "want".
		 *
		 * NEEDSWORK: Add an option in the protocol to request that
		 * only the wanted objects be sent, and implement it.
		 */
		parse_list_objects_filter(&args->filter_options, "blob:none");
	}

	if (version != protocol_v2 && !ref) {
		packet_flush(fd[1]);
		die(_("no matching remote head"));
	}
	prepare_shallow_info(&si, shallow);
	if (version == protocol_v2)
		ref_cpy = do_fetch_pack_v2(args, fd, ref, sought, nr_sought,
					   pack_lockfile);
	else
		ref_cpy = do_fetch_pack(args, fd, ref, sought, nr_sought,
					&si, pack_lockfile);
	reprepare_packed_git(the_repository);

	if (!args->cloning && args->deepen) {
		struct check_connected_options opt = CHECK_CONNECTED_INIT;
		struct ref *iterator = ref_cpy;
		opt.shallow_file = alternate_shallow_file;
		if (args->deepen)
			opt.is_deepening_fetch = 1;
		if (check_connected(iterate_ref_map, &iterator, &opt)) {
			error(_("remote did not send all necessary objects"));
			free_refs(ref_cpy);
			ref_cpy = NULL;
			rollback_lock_file(&shallow_lock);
			goto cleanup;
		}
		args->connectivity_checked = 1;
	}

	update_shallow(args, sought, nr_sought, &si);
cleanup:
	clear_shallow_info(&si);
	return ref_cpy;
}

int report_unmatched_refs(struct ref **sought, int nr_sought)
{
	int i, ret = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < nr_sought; i++) {
		if (!sought[i])
			continue;
		switch (sought[i]->match_status) {
		case REF_MATCHED:
			continue;
		case REF_NOT_MATCHED:
			error(_("no such remote ref %s"), sought[i]->name);
			break;
		case REF_UNADVERTISED_NOT_ALLOWED:
			error(_("Server does not allow request for unadvertised object %s"),
			      sought[i]->name);
			break;
		}
		ret = 1;
	}
	return ret;
}