Using the glibc microbenchmark suite
The glibc microbenchmark suite automatically generates code for specified
functions, builds and calls them repeatedly for given inputs to give some
basic performance properties of the function.
Running the benchmark:
The benchmark can be executed by invoking make as follows:
$ make bench
This runs each function for 10 seconds and appends its output to
benchtests/bench.out. To ensure that the tests are rebuilt, one could run:
$ make bench-clean
The duration of each test can be configured setting the BENCH_DURATION variable
in the call to make. One should run `make bench-clean' before changing
$ make BENCH_DURATION=1 bench
The benchmark suite does function call measurements using architecture-specific
high precision timing instructions whenever available. When such support is
not available, it uses clock_gettime (CLOCK_PROCESS_CPUTIME_ID). One can force
the benchmark to use clock_gettime by invoking make as follows:
$ make USE_CLOCK_GETTIME=1 bench
Again, one must run `make bench-clean' before changing the measurement method.
Adding a function to benchtests:
If the name of the function is `foo', then the following procedure should allow
one to add `foo' to the bench tests:
- Append the function name to the bench variable in the Makefile.
- Make a file called `foo-inputs` to provide the definition and input for the
function. The file should have some directives telling the parser script
about the function and then one input per line. Directives are lines that
have a special meaning for the parser and they begin with two hashes '##'.
The following directives are recognized:
- args: This should be assigned a colon separated list of types of the input
arguments. This directive may be skipped if the function does not take any
inputs. One may identify output arguments by nesting them in <>. The
generator will create variables to get outputs from the calling function.
- ret: This should be assigned the type that the function returns. This
directive may be skipped if the function does not return a value.
- includes: This should be assigned a comma-separated list of headers that
need to be included to provide declarations for the function and types it
may need (specifically, this includes using "#include <header>").
- include-sources: This should be assigned a comma-separated list of source
files that need to be included to provide definitions of global variables
and functions (specifically, this includes using "#include "source").
- name: See following section for instructions on how to use this directive.
Lines beginning with a single hash '#' are treated as comments. See
pow-inputs for an example of an input file.
Multiple execution units per function:
Some functions have distinct performance characteristics for different input
domains and it may be necessary to measure those separately. For example, some
math functions perform computations at different levels of precision (64-bit vs
240-bit vs 768-bit) and mixing them does not give a very useful picture of the
performance of these functions. One could separate inputs for these domains in
the same file by using the `name' directive that looks something like this:
See the pow-inputs file for an example of what such a partitioned input file
would look like.
In addition to standard benchmarking of functions, one may also generate
custom outputs for a set of functions. This is currently used by string
function benchmarks where the aim is to compare performance between
implementations at various alignments and for various sizes.
To add a benchset for `foo':
- Add `foo' to the benchset variable.
- Write your bench-foo.c that prints out the measurements to stdout.
- On execution, a bench-foo.out is created in $(objpfx) with the contents of