File: toutf8.c

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/* toutf8.c --- Convert strings from system locale into UTF-8.
 * Copyright (C) 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005  Simon Josefsson
 *
 * This file is part of GNU Libidn.
 *
 * GNU Libidn is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * GNU Libidn is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with GNU Libidn; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#if HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include "config.h"
#endif

/* Get prototypes. */
#include "stringprep.h"

/* Get fprintf. */
#include <stdio.h>

/* Get getenv. */
#include <stdlib.h>

/* Get strlen. */
#include <string.h>

/* Get iconv_string. */
#include "iconvme.h"

#ifdef _LIBC
# define HAVE_ICONV 1
# define LOCALE_WORKS 1
#endif

#if LOCALE_WORKS
# include <langinfo.h>
# include <locale.h>
#endif

#ifdef _LIBC
# define stringprep_locale_charset() nl_langinfo (CODESET)
#else
/**
 * stringprep_locale_charset - return charset used in current locale
 *
 * Find out current locale charset.  The function respect the CHARSET
 * environment variable, but typically uses nl_langinfo(CODESET) when
 * it is supported.  It fall back on "ASCII" if CHARSET isn't set and
 * nl_langinfo isn't supported or return anything.
 *
 * Note that this function return the application's locale's preferred
 * charset (or thread's locale's preffered charset, if your system
 * support thread-specific locales).  It does not return what the
 * system may be using.  Thus, if you receive data from external
 * sources you cannot in general use this function to guess what
 * charset it is encoded in.  Use stringprep_convert from the external
 * representation into the charset returned by this function, to have
 * data in the locale encoding.
 *
 * Return value: Return the character set used by the current locale.
 *   It will never return NULL, but use "ASCII" as a fallback.
 **/
const char *
stringprep_locale_charset (void)
{
  const char *charset = getenv ("CHARSET");	/* flawfinder: ignore */

  if (charset && *charset)
    return charset;

# ifdef LOCALE_WORKS
  charset = nl_langinfo (CODESET);

  if (charset && *charset)
    return charset;
# endif

  return "ASCII";
}
#endif

/**
 * stringprep_convert - encode string using new character set
 * @str: input zero-terminated string.
 * @to_codeset: name of destination character set.
 * @from_codeset: name of origin character set, as used by @str.
 *
 * Convert the string from one character set to another using the
 * system's iconv() function.
 *
 * Return value: Returns newly allocated zero-terminated string which
 *   is @str transcoded into to_codeset.
 **/
char *
stringprep_convert (const char *str,
		    const char *to_codeset, const char *from_codeset)
{
#if HAVE_ICONV
  return iconv_string (str, from_codeset, to_codeset);
#else
  char *p;
  fprintf (stderr, "libidn: warning: libiconv not installed, cannot "
	   "convert data to UTF-8\n");
  p = malloc (strlen (str) + 1);
  if (!p)
    return NULL;
  return strcpy (p, str);
#endif
}

/**
 * stringprep_locale_to_utf8 - convert locale encoded string to UTF-8
 * @str: input zero terminated string.
 *
 * Convert string encoded in the locale's character set into UTF-8 by
 * using stringprep_convert().
 *
 * Return value: Returns newly allocated zero-terminated string which
 *   is @str transcoded into UTF-8.
 **/
char *
stringprep_locale_to_utf8 (const char *str)
{
  return stringprep_convert (str, "UTF-8", stringprep_locale_charset ());
}

/**
 * stringprep_utf8_to_locale - encode UTF-8 string to locale encoding
 * @str: input zero terminated string.
 *
 * Convert string encoded in UTF-8 into the locale's character set by
 * using stringprep_convert().
 *
 * Return value: Returns newly allocated zero-terminated string which
 *   is @str transcoded into the locale's character set.
 **/
char *
stringprep_utf8_to_locale (const char *str)
{
  return stringprep_convert (str, stringprep_locale_charset (), "UTF-8");
}