File: dl-sysdep.c

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/* Operating system support for run-time dynamic linker.  Generic Unix version.
   Copyright (C) 1995-2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   This file is part of the GNU C Library.

   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* We conditionalize the whole of this file rather than simply eliding it
   from the static build, because other sysdeps/ versions of this file
   might define things needed by a static build.  */

#ifdef SHARED

#include <assert.h>
#include <elf.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <libintl.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <ldsodefs.h>
#include <_itoa.h>
#include <fpu_control.h>

#include <entry.h>
#include <dl-machine.h>
#include <dl-procinfo.h>
#include <dl-osinfo.h>
#include <libc-internal.h>
#include <tls.h>

#include <dl-tunables.h>

extern char **_environ attribute_hidden;
extern char _end[] attribute_hidden;

/* Protect SUID program against misuse of file descriptors.  */
extern void __libc_check_standard_fds (void);

#ifdef NEED_DL_BASE_ADDR
ElfW(Addr) _dl_base_addr;
#endif
int __libc_enable_secure attribute_relro = 0;
rtld_hidden_data_def (__libc_enable_secure)
int __libc_multiple_libcs = 0;	/* Defining this here avoids the inclusion
				   of init-first.  */
/* This variable contains the lowest stack address ever used.  */
void *__libc_stack_end attribute_relro = NULL;
rtld_hidden_data_def(__libc_stack_end)
void *_dl_random attribute_relro = NULL;

#ifndef DL_FIND_ARG_COMPONENTS
# define DL_FIND_ARG_COMPONENTS(cookie, argc, argv, envp, auxp)	\
  do {									      \
    void **_tmp;							      \
    (argc) = *(long int *) cookie;					      \
    (argv) = (char **) ((long int *) cookie + 1);			      \
    (envp) = (argv) + (argc) + 1;					      \
    for (_tmp = (void **) (envp); *_tmp; ++_tmp)			      \
      continue;								      \
    (auxp) = (void *) ++_tmp;						      \
  } while (0)
#endif

#ifndef DL_STACK_END
# define DL_STACK_END(cookie) ((void *) (cookie))
#endif

ElfW(Addr)
_dl_sysdep_start (void **start_argptr,
		  void (*dl_main) (const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr, ElfW(Word) phnum,
				   ElfW(Addr) *user_entry, ElfW(auxv_t) *auxv))
{
  const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr = NULL;
  ElfW(Word) phnum = 0;
  ElfW(Addr) user_entry;
  ElfW(auxv_t) *av;
#ifdef HAVE_AUX_SECURE
# define set_seen(tag) (tag)	/* Evaluate for the side effects.  */
# define set_seen_secure() ((void) 0)
#else
  uid_t uid = 0;
  gid_t gid = 0;
  unsigned int seen = 0;
# define set_seen_secure() (seen = -1)
# ifdef HAVE_AUX_XID
#  define set_seen(tag) (tag)	/* Evaluate for the side effects.  */
# else
#  define M(type) (1 << (type))
#  define set_seen(tag) seen |= M ((tag)->a_type)
# endif
#endif
#ifdef NEED_DL_SYSINFO
  uintptr_t new_sysinfo = 0;
#endif

  __libc_stack_end = DL_STACK_END (start_argptr);
  DL_FIND_ARG_COMPONENTS (start_argptr, _dl_argc, _dl_argv, _environ,
			  GLRO(dl_auxv));

  user_entry = (ElfW(Addr)) ENTRY_POINT;
  GLRO(dl_platform) = NULL; /* Default to nothing known about the platform.  */

  for (av = GLRO(dl_auxv); av->a_type != AT_NULL; set_seen (av++))
    switch (av->a_type)
      {
      case AT_PHDR:
	phdr = (void *) av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_PHNUM:
	phnum = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_PAGESZ:
	GLRO(dl_pagesize) = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_ENTRY:
	user_entry = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
#ifdef NEED_DL_BASE_ADDR
      case AT_BASE:
	_dl_base_addr = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
#endif
#ifndef HAVE_AUX_SECURE
      case AT_UID:
      case AT_EUID:
	uid ^= av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_GID:
      case AT_EGID:
	gid ^= av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
#endif
      case AT_SECURE:
#ifndef HAVE_AUX_SECURE
	seen = -1;
#endif
	__libc_enable_secure = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_PLATFORM:
	GLRO(dl_platform) = (void *) av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_HWCAP:
	GLRO(dl_hwcap) = (unsigned long int) av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_HWCAP2:
	GLRO(dl_hwcap2) = (unsigned long int) av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_CLKTCK:
	GLRO(dl_clktck) = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
      case AT_FPUCW:
	GLRO(dl_fpu_control) = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
#ifdef NEED_DL_SYSINFO
      case AT_SYSINFO:
	new_sysinfo = av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
#endif
#ifdef NEED_DL_SYSINFO_DSO
      case AT_SYSINFO_EHDR:
	GLRO(dl_sysinfo_dso) = (void *) av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
#endif
      case AT_RANDOM:
	_dl_random = (void *) av->a_un.a_val;
	break;
#ifdef DL_PLATFORM_AUXV
      DL_PLATFORM_AUXV
#endif
      }

#ifndef HAVE_AUX_SECURE
  if (seen != -1)
    {
      /* Fill in the values we have not gotten from the kernel through the
	 auxiliary vector.  */
# ifndef HAVE_AUX_XID
#  define SEE(UID, var, uid) \
   if ((seen & M (AT_##UID)) == 0) var ^= __get##uid ()
      SEE (UID, uid, uid);
      SEE (EUID, uid, euid);
      SEE (GID, gid, gid);
      SEE (EGID, gid, egid);
# endif

      /* If one of the two pairs of IDs does not match this is a setuid
	 or setgid run.  */
      __libc_enable_secure = uid | gid;
    }
#endif

#ifndef HAVE_AUX_PAGESIZE
  if (GLRO(dl_pagesize) == 0)
    GLRO(dl_pagesize) = __getpagesize ();
#endif

#ifdef NEED_DL_SYSINFO
  if (new_sysinfo != 0)
    {
# ifdef NEED_DL_SYSINFO_DSO
      /* Only set the sysinfo value if we also have the vsyscall DSO.  */
      if (GLRO(dl_sysinfo_dso) != 0)
# endif
        GLRO(dl_sysinfo) = new_sysinfo;
    }
#endif

  __tunables_init (_environ);

#ifdef DL_SYSDEP_INIT
  DL_SYSDEP_INIT;
#endif

#ifdef DL_PLATFORM_INIT
  DL_PLATFORM_INIT;
#endif

  /* Determine the length of the platform name.  */
  if (GLRO(dl_platform) != NULL)
    GLRO(dl_platformlen) = strlen (GLRO(dl_platform));

  if (__sbrk (0) == _end)
    /* The dynamic linker was run as a program, and so the initial break
       starts just after our bss, at &_end.  The malloc in dl-minimal.c
       will consume the rest of this page, so tell the kernel to move the
       break up that far.  When the user program examines its break, it
       will see this new value and not clobber our data.  */
    __sbrk (GLRO(dl_pagesize)
	    - ((_end - (char *) 0) & (GLRO(dl_pagesize) - 1)));

  /* If this is a SUID program we make sure that FDs 0, 1, and 2 are
     allocated.  If necessary we are doing it ourself.  If it is not
     possible we stop the program.  */
  if (__builtin_expect (__libc_enable_secure, 0))
    __libc_check_standard_fds ();

  (*dl_main) (phdr, phnum, &user_entry, GLRO(dl_auxv));
  return user_entry;
}

void
_dl_sysdep_start_cleanup (void)
{
}

void
_dl_show_auxv (void)
{
  char buf[64];
  ElfW(auxv_t) *av;

  /* Terminate string.  */
  buf[63] = '\0';

  /* The following code assumes that the AT_* values are encoded
     starting from 0 with AT_NULL, 1 for AT_IGNORE, and all other values
     close by (otherwise the array will be too large).  In case we have
     to support a platform where these requirements are not fulfilled
     some alternative implementation has to be used.  */
  for (av = GLRO(dl_auxv); av->a_type != AT_NULL; ++av)
    {
      static const struct
      {
	const char label[22];
	enum { unknown = 0, dec, hex, str, ignore } form : 8;
      } auxvars[] =
	{
	  [AT_EXECFD - 2] =		{ "EXECFD:            ", dec },
	  [AT_EXECFN - 2] =		{ "EXECFN:            ", str },
	  [AT_PHDR - 2] =		{ "PHDR:              0x", hex },
	  [AT_PHENT - 2] =		{ "PHENT:             ", dec },
	  [AT_PHNUM - 2] =		{ "PHNUM:             ", dec },
	  [AT_PAGESZ - 2] =		{ "PAGESZ:            ", dec },
	  [AT_BASE - 2] =		{ "BASE:              0x", hex },
	  [AT_FLAGS - 2] =		{ "FLAGS:             0x", hex },
	  [AT_ENTRY - 2] =		{ "ENTRY:             0x", hex },
	  [AT_NOTELF - 2] =		{ "NOTELF:            ", hex },
	  [AT_UID - 2] =		{ "UID:               ", dec },
	  [AT_EUID - 2] =		{ "EUID:              ", dec },
	  [AT_GID - 2] =		{ "GID:               ", dec },
	  [AT_EGID - 2] =		{ "EGID:              ", dec },
	  [AT_PLATFORM - 2] =		{ "PLATFORM:          ", str },
	  [AT_HWCAP - 2] =		{ "HWCAP:             ", hex },
	  [AT_CLKTCK - 2] =		{ "CLKTCK:            ", dec },
	  [AT_FPUCW - 2] =		{ "FPUCW:             ", hex },
	  [AT_DCACHEBSIZE - 2] =	{ "DCACHEBSIZE:       0x", hex },
	  [AT_ICACHEBSIZE - 2] =	{ "ICACHEBSIZE:       0x", hex },
	  [AT_UCACHEBSIZE - 2] =	{ "UCACHEBSIZE:       0x", hex },
	  [AT_IGNOREPPC - 2] =		{ "IGNOREPPC", ignore },
	  [AT_SECURE - 2] =		{ "SECURE:            ", dec },
	  [AT_BASE_PLATFORM - 2] =	{ "BASE_PLATFORM:     ", str },
	  [AT_SYSINFO - 2] =		{ "SYSINFO:           0x", hex },
	  [AT_SYSINFO_EHDR - 2] =	{ "SYSINFO_EHDR:      0x", hex },
	  [AT_RANDOM - 2] =		{ "RANDOM:            0x", hex },
	  [AT_HWCAP2 - 2] =		{ "HWCAP2:            0x", hex },
	  [AT_L1I_CACHESIZE - 2] =	{ "L1I_CACHESIZE:     ", dec },
	  [AT_L1I_CACHEGEOMETRY - 2] =	{ "L1I_CACHEGEOMETRY: 0x", hex },
	  [AT_L1D_CACHESIZE - 2] =	{ "L1D_CACHESIZE:     ", dec },
	  [AT_L1D_CACHEGEOMETRY - 2] =	{ "L1D_CACHEGEOMETRY: 0x", hex },
	  [AT_L2_CACHESIZE - 2] =	{ "L2_CACHESIZE:      ", dec },
	  [AT_L2_CACHEGEOMETRY - 2] =	{ "L2_CACHEGEOMETRY:  0x", hex },
	  [AT_L3_CACHESIZE - 2] =	{ "L3_CACHESIZE:      ", dec },
	  [AT_L3_CACHEGEOMETRY - 2] =	{ "L3_CACHEGEOMETRY:  0x", hex },
	};
      unsigned int idx = (unsigned int) (av->a_type - 2);

      if ((unsigned int) av->a_type < 2u
	  || (idx < sizeof (auxvars) / sizeof (auxvars[0])
	      && auxvars[idx].form == ignore))
	continue;

      assert (AT_NULL == 0);
      assert (AT_IGNORE == 1);

      /* Some entries are handled in a special way per platform.  */
      if (_dl_procinfo (av->a_type, av->a_un.a_val) == 0)
	continue;

      if (idx < sizeof (auxvars) / sizeof (auxvars[0])
	  && auxvars[idx].form != unknown)
	{
	  const char *val = (char *) av->a_un.a_val;

	  if (__builtin_expect (auxvars[idx].form, dec) == dec)
	    val = _itoa ((unsigned long int) av->a_un.a_val,
			 buf + sizeof buf - 1, 10, 0);
	  else if (__builtin_expect (auxvars[idx].form, hex) == hex)
	    val = _itoa ((unsigned long int) av->a_un.a_val,
			 buf + sizeof buf - 1, 16, 0);

	  _dl_printf ("AT_%s%s\n", auxvars[idx].label, val);

	  continue;
	}

      /* Unknown value: print a generic line.  */
      char buf2[17];
      buf2[sizeof (buf2) - 1] = '\0';
      const char *val2 = _itoa ((unsigned long int) av->a_un.a_val,
				buf2 + sizeof buf2 - 1, 16, 0);
      const char *val =  _itoa ((unsigned long int) av->a_type,
				buf + sizeof buf - 1, 16, 0);
      _dl_printf ("AT_??? (0x%s): 0x%s\n", val, val2);
    }
}

#endif