File: prims.def

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/******************************** -*- C -*- ****************************
 *
 *	Byte code interpreter primitives include file
 *
 *
 ***********************************************************************/

/***********************************************************************
 *
 * Copyright 1988,89,90,91,92,94,95,99,2000,2001,2002,2003,2006,2007,2008,2009
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc.
 * Written by Steve Byrne.
 *
 * This file is part of GNU Smalltalk.
 *
 * GNU Smalltalk is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
 * Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
 * version.
 *
 * Linking GNU Smalltalk statically or dynamically with other modules is
 * making a combined work based on GNU Smalltalk.  Thus, the terms and
 * conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
 * combination.
 *
 * In addition, as a special exception, the Free Software Foundation
 * give you permission to combine GNU Smalltalk with free software
 * programs or libraries that are released under the GNU LGPL and with
 * independent programs running under the GNU Smalltalk virtual machine.
 *
 * You may copy and distribute such a system following the terms of the
 * GNU GPL for GNU Smalltalk and the licenses of the other code
 * concerned, provided that you include the source code of that other
 * code when and as the GNU GPL requires distribution of source code.
 *
 * Note that people who make modified versions of GNU Smalltalk are not
 * obligated to grant this special exception for their modified
 * versions; it is their choice whether to do so.  The GNU General
 * Public License gives permission to release a modified version without
 * this exception; this exception also makes it possible to release a
 * modified version which carries forward this exception.
 *
 * GNU Smalltalk is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 * more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
 * GNU Smalltalk; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
 *
 ***********************************************************************/

#ifdef OPTIMIZE
#define RECEIVER_IS_INT(x)		(true)
#define RECEIVER_IS_OOP(x)		(true)
#define RECEIVER_IS_CLASS(x, y)		(true)
#define RECEIVER_IS_A_KIND_OF(x, y)	(true)
#define PRIM_CHECKS_RECEIVER		PRIM_SUCCEED
#else
#define RECEIVER_IS_INT(x)		IS_INT((x))
#define RECEIVER_IS_OOP(x)		IS_OOP((x))
#define RECEIVER_IS_CLASS(x, y)		IS_CLASS((x), (y))
#define RECEIVER_IS_A_KIND_OF(x, y)	is_a_kind_of((x), (y))
#define PRIM_CHECKS_RECEIVER		(PRIM_SUCCEED | PRIM_FAIL)
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_GMP
#define PRIM_USES_GMP                   (PRIM_SUCCEED | PRIM_FAIL)
#else
#define PRIM_USES_GMP                   PRIM_FAIL
#endif

#ifdef ENABLE_JIT_TRANSLATION
#define PRIM_FAILED			return ((intptr_t) -1)
#define PRIM_SUCCEEDED			return ((intptr_t) 0)
#define PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP	return ((intptr_t) native_ip)
#else
#define PRIM_FAILED			return (true)
#define PRIM_SUCCEEDED			return (false)
#define PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP	return (false)
#endif

#define INT_BIN_OP(op, noOverflow) {            \
    OOP	oop1;					\
    OOP	oop2;					\
    mst_Boolean overflow;                       \
    oop2 = POP_OOP();				\
    oop1 = POP_OOP();				\
    if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT(oop1) && IS_INT(oop2)) {\
      intptr_t iarg1, iarg2;			\
      iarg1 = TO_INT(oop1);			\
      iarg2 = TO_INT(oop2);			\
						\
      oop1 = op;                                \
      if COMMON (noOverflow || !overflow) {	\
        PUSH_OOP(oop1);				\
        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;				\
      }                                         \
    }						\
    UNPOP(2);					\
    PRIM_FAILED;                                \
  }

#define BOOL_BIN_OP(operator) {					\
    OOP	oop1;							\
    OOP	oop2;							\
    oop2 = POP_OOP();						\
    oop1 = POP_OOP();						\
    if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT(oop1) && IS_INT(oop2)) {		\
      PUSH_BOOLEAN( ((intptr_t)oop1) operator ((intptr_t)oop2) );	\
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;						\
    }								\
    UNPOP(2);							\
    PRIM_FAILED;                                                \
  }


/* SmallInteger + arg  */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_plus [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  INT_BIN_OP (add_with_check (oop1, oop2, &overflow), false);
}

/* SmallInteger - arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_minus [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  INT_BIN_OP (sub_with_check (oop1, oop2, &overflow), false);
}

/* SmallInteger < arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_lt [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  BOOL_BIN_OP (<);
}

/* SmallInteger > arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_gt [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  BOOL_BIN_OP (>);
}

/* SmallInteger <= arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_le [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  BOOL_BIN_OP (<=);
}

/* SmallInteger >= arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_ge [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  BOOL_BIN_OP (>=);
}

/* SmallInteger =, == arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_eq [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  BOOL_BIN_OP ( ==);
}

/* SmallInteger ~=, ~~ arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_ne [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  BOOL_BIN_OP (!=);
}

/* SmallInteger * arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_times [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  INT_BIN_OP (mul_with_check (oop1, oop2, &overflow), false);
}

/* SmallInteger / arg */
/* quotient as exact as possible */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_divide [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1) && IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    {
      intptr_t iarg1, iarg2, result;
      iarg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      result = iarg1 / iarg2;
      iarg2 *= result;
      if COMMON (iarg1 == iarg2)
	{
	  PUSH_INT (result);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger \\ arg */
/* remainder truncated towards -infinity */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_modulo [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1) && IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    {
      intptr_t iarg1, iarg2, result;
      iarg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      result = iarg1 % iarg2;
      PUSH_INT (result
		&& ((result ^ iarg2) < 0) ? result + iarg2 : result);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger // arg */
/* quotient truncated towards -infinity */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_intDiv [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1) && IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    {
      intptr_t iarg1, iarg2;
      iarg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if (iarg2 < 0)
	{			/* make the divisor positive */
	  iarg1 = -iarg1;
	  iarg2 = -iarg2;
	}
      if (iarg1 < 0)		/* differing signs => use black magic */
	PUSH_INT (-((iarg2 - 1 - iarg1) / iarg2));
      else
	PUSH_INT (iarg1 / iarg2);

      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger quo: arg */
/* quotient truncated towards 0 */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_quo [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t iarg1, iarg2;
      iarg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if COMMON (iarg2 != 0)
	{
	  PUSH_INT (iarg1 / iarg2);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger bitAnd: arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_bitAnd [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  INT_BIN_OP (tagged_and (oop1, oop2), true);
}

/* SmallInteger bitOr: arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_bitOr [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  INT_BIN_OP (tagged_or (oop1, oop2), true);
}

/* SmallInteger bitXor: arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_bitXor [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  INT_BIN_OP (tagged_xor (oop1, oop2), true);
}

/* SmallInteger bitShift: arg */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_bitShift [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t iarg1;
      intptr_t iarg2;
      iarg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if (iarg2 < 0)
	{
	  if (iarg2 >= -ST_INT_SIZE)
	    PUSH_INT (iarg1 >> -iarg2);
	  else
	    PUSH_INT (iarg1 >> ST_INT_SIZE);

	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
      if COMMON (iarg2 < ST_INT_SIZE)
	{
	  intptr_t result = iarg1 << iarg2;
	  if ((result >> iarg2) == iarg1 && !INT_OVERFLOW(result))
	    {
	      PUSH_INT (result);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	}
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger scramble */

primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_scramble [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1))
    {
      PUSH_INT (scramble (TO_INT (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


/* SmallInteger asFloatD */

primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_asFloatD [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floatd_new ((double) TO_INT (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger asFloatE */

primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_asFloatE [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floate_new ((float) TO_INT (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger asFloatQ */

primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_asFloatQ [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_INT (oop1))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floatq_new ((long double) TO_INT (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_eq [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  int result;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  result = _gst_mpz_cmp (&a, &b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (result == 0);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}

primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_ne [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  int result;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  result = _gst_mpz_cmp (&a, &b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (result != 0);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_lt [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  int result;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  result = _gst_mpz_cmp (&a, &b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (result < 0);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_le [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  int result;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  result = _gst_mpz_cmp (&a, &b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (result <= 0);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_gt [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  int result;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  result = _gst_mpz_cmp (&a, &b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (result > 0);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_ge [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  int result;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  result = _gst_mpz_cmp (&a, &b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (result >= 0);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_times [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_mul (&c, &a, &b);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}



primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_intDiv [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz q = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz r = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    _gst_mpz_fdiv_qr_si (&q, &a, TO_INT(oop2));
  else if (IS_OOP (oop2)
	   && SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class)
    {
      _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
      _gst_mpz_fdiv_qr (&q, &r, &a, &b);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&r);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
    }
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&q);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&q);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_modulo [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz q = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz r = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    {
      mp_limb_t rem = _gst_mpz_fdiv_qr_si (&q, &a, TO_INT(oop2));
      oop3 = FROM_INT (rem);
    }
  else if (IS_OOP (oop2)
	   && SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class)
    {
      _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
      _gst_mpz_fdiv_qr (&q, &r, &a, &b);
      oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&r);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&r);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
    }
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&q);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_divExact [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz q = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    _gst_mpz_tdiv_qr_si (&q, &a, TO_INT(oop2));
  else if (IS_OOP (oop2)
	   && SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class)
    {
      _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
      _gst_mpz_divexact (&q, &a, &b);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
    }
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&q);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&q);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}

primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_quo [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz q = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz r = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    _gst_mpz_tdiv_qr_si (&q, &a, TO_INT(oop2));
  else if (IS_OOP (oop2)
	   && SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class)
    {
      _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
      _gst_mpz_tdiv_qr (&q, &r, &a, &b);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&r);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
    }
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&q);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&q);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_rem [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz q = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz r = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2) && oop2 != FROM_INT (0))
    {
      mp_limb_t rem = _gst_mpz_tdiv_qr_si (&q, &a, TO_INT(oop2));
      oop3 = FROM_INT (rem);
    }
  else if (IS_OOP (oop2)
	   && SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class)
    {
      _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
      _gst_mpz_tdiv_qr (&q, &r, &a, &b);
      oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&r);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&r);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
    }
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&q);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_negated [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_sub (&c, &a, &b);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_bitAnd [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_and (&c, &a, &b);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_bitOr [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_ior (&c, &a, &b);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_bitXor [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_xor (&c, &a, &b);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_bitInvert [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop2);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_com (&c, &a);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_bitShift [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  int n;
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2))
    n = TO_INT (oop2);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (n > 0)
    _gst_mpz_mul_2exp (&c, &a, n);
  else
    _gst_mpz_div_2exp (&c, &a, -n);

  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#endif
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_plus [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_add (&c, &a, &b);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_minus [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  _gst_mpz_sub (&c, &a, &b);
  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_gcd [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz b = { 0, 0, NULL };
  gst_mpz c = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop2)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&b, oop2);
  else
    {
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (oop1 == FROM_INT(0) || oop2 == FROM_INT(0)
      || (IS_OOP(oop1) && OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
      || (IS_OOP(oop2) && OOP_CLASS (oop2) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class))
    /* Return the non-zero number between a and b */
    _gst_mpz_add (&c, &a, &b);
  else
    _gst_mpz_gcd (&c, &a, &b);

  oop3 = _gst_oop_from_mpz (&c);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&b);
  _gst_mpz_clear (&c);
  PUSH_OOP (oop3);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
#else
  PRIM_FAILED;
#endif
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_asFloatD [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  double d;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (_gst_mpz_get_d (&a, &d))
    {
      oop2 = floatd_new (d);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      PUSH_OOP (oop2);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
#endif
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_asFloatE [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  double d;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (_gst_mpz_get_d (&a, &d) && (double) (float) d == d)
    {
      oop2 = floate_new (d);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      PUSH_OOP (oop2);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
#endif
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


primitive VMpr_LargeInteger_asFloatQ [uses_gmp]
{
#ifdef HAVE_GMP
  gst_mpz a = { 0, 0, NULL };
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  long double d;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1)
      || SUPERCLASS (OOP_CLASS (oop1)) == _gst_large_integer_class
      || OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_large_zero_integer_class)
    _gst_mpz_from_oop (&a, oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (_gst_mpz_get_ld (&a, &d) && (long double) (float) d == d)
    {
      oop2 = floatq_new (d);
      _gst_mpz_clear (&a);
      PUSH_OOP (oop2);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
#endif
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_FloatD_arith :
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_plus [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_minus [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_lt [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_gt [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_le [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_ge [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_eq [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_ne [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_times [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatD_divide [succeed,fail]
{
  double farg2;
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_floatd_class))
    farg2 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop2);
  else if (IS_INT (oop2))
    farg2 = (double) TO_INT (oop2);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1;
      farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      switch (id)
	{
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_plus):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (farg1 + farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_minus):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (farg1 - farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_lt):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 < farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_gt):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 > farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_le):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 <= farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_ge):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 >= farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_eq):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 == farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_ne):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 != farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_times):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (farg1 * farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatD_divide):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (farg1 / farg2));
	  break;
	}
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD truncated */
primitive VMpr_FloatD_truncated [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double oopValue = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      if COMMON (oopValue >= MIN_ST_INT && oopValue <= MAX_ST_INT)
	{
	  PUSH_INT (lrint (trunc (oopValue)));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD fractionPart */
primitive VMpr_FloatD_fractionPart [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1;
      farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      farg1 -= (farg1 < 0.0) ? ceil (farg1) : floor (farg1);

      PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (farg1));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD exponent */
primitive VMpr_FloatD_exponent [checks_receiver,return_small_smallinteger]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1;
      int intArg1;

      farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      if (farg1 == 0.0)
	intArg1 = 1;
      else
	{
	  frexp (FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1), &intArg1);
	  intArg1--;
	}
      PUSH_INT (intArg1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD timesTwoPower: */
primitive VMpr_FloatD_timesTwoPower [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      double farg1;
      intptr_t iarg2;
      farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (ldexp (farg1, iarg2)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD asFloatE */

primitive VMpr_FloatD_asFloatE [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floate_new (FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD asFloatQ */

primitive VMpr_FloatD_asFloatQ [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_FloatE_arith :
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_plus [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_minus [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_lt [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_gt [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_le [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_ge [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_eq [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_ne [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_times [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatE_divide [succeed,fail]
{
  double farg2;
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_floate_class))
    farg2 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop2);
  else if (IS_INT (oop2))
    farg2 = (double) TO_INT (oop2);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1;
      farg1 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      switch (id)
	{
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_plus):
	  PUSH_OOP (floate_new (farg1 + farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_minus):
	  PUSH_OOP (floate_new (farg1 - farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_lt):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 < farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_gt):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 > farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_le):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 <= farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_ge):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 >= farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_eq):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 == farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_ne):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 != farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_times):
	  PUSH_OOP (floate_new (farg1 * farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatE_divide):
	  PUSH_OOP (floate_new (farg1 / farg2));
	  break;
	}
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD truncated */
primitive VMpr_FloatE_truncated [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double oopValue = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      if COMMON (oopValue >= MIN_ST_INT && oopValue <= MAX_ST_INT)
	{
	  PUSH_INT (lrintf (truncf (oopValue)));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD fractionPart */
primitive VMpr_FloatE_fractionPart [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1;
      farg1 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      farg1 -= (farg1 < 0.0) ? ceil (farg1) : floor (farg1);

      PUSH_OOP (floate_new (farg1));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD exponent */
primitive VMpr_FloatE_exponent [checks_receiver,return_small_smallinteger]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1;
      int intArg1;

      farg1 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      if (farg1 == 0.0)
	intArg1 = 1;
      else
	{
	  frexp (FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1), &intArg1);
	  intArg1--;
	}
      PUSH_INT (intArg1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD timesTwoPower: */
primitive VMpr_FloatE_timesTwoPower [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      double farg1;
      intptr_t iarg2;
      farg1 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      PUSH_OOP (floate_new (ldexp (farg1, iarg2)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatE asFloatD */

primitive VMpr_FloatE_asFloatD [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD asFloatQ */

primitive VMpr_FloatE_asFloatQ [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_FloatQ_arith :
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_plus [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_minus [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_lt [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_gt [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_le [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_ge [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_eq [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_ne [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_times [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_FloatQ_divide [succeed,fail]
{
  long double farg2;
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_floatq_class))
    farg2 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop2);
  else if (IS_INT (oop2))
    farg2 = (long double) TO_INT (oop2);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1;
      farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      switch (id)
	{
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_plus):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (farg1 + farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_minus):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (farg1 - farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_lt):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 < farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_gt):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 > farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_le):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 <= farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_ge):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 >= farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_eq):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 == farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_ne):
	  PUSH_BOOLEAN (farg1 != farg2);
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_times):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (farg1 * farg2));
	  break;
	case prim_id (VMpr_FloatQ_divide):
	  PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (farg1 / farg2));
	  break;
	}
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD truncated */
primitive VMpr_FloatQ_truncated [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double oopValue = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      if COMMON (oopValue >= MIN_ST_INT && oopValue <= MAX_ST_INT)
	{
	  PUSH_INT (lrintl (truncl (oopValue)));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD fractionPart */
primitive VMpr_FloatQ_fractionPart [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1;
      farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      farg1 -= (farg1 < 0.0) ? ceill (farg1) : floorl (farg1);

      PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (farg1));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD exponent */
primitive VMpr_FloatQ_exponent [checks_receiver,return_small_smallinteger]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1;
      int intArg1;

      farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      if (farg1 == 0.0)
	intArg1 = 1;
      else
	{
	  frexpl (FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1), &intArg1);
	  intArg1--;
	}
      PUSH_INT (intArg1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD timesTwoPower: */
primitive VMpr_FloatQ_timesTwoPower [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      long double farg1;
      intptr_t iarg2;
      farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      iarg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (ldexpl (farg1, iarg2)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatQ asFloatD */

primitive VMpr_FloatQ_asFloatD [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FloatD asFloatQ */

primitive VMpr_FloatQ_asFloatE [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (floate_new (FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}



/* Object at:, Object basicAt: */

primitive VMpr_Object_basicAt = 60 [succeed,fail,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  POP_N_OOPS (numArgs - 1);
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      oop1 = index_oop (oop1, arg2);
      if COMMON (oop1)
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (numArgs);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object at:put:, Object basicAt:put: */
primitive VMpr_Object_basicAtPut = 61 [succeed,fail,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2) && !IS_OOP_READONLY (oop1))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if COMMON (index_oop_put (oop1, arg2, oop3))
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop3);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object basicSize; Object size; String size */
primitive VMpr_Object_basicSize = 62 [succeed,return_small_smallinteger,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  PUSH_INT (NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop1));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* CharacterArray valueAt: */

primitive VMpr_CharacterArray_valueAt = 60 [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  intptr_t spec;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  spec = CLASS_INSTANCE_SPEC (OOP_CLASS (oop1));

  switch (spec & ISP_INDEXEDVARS)
    {
    case GST_ISP_CHARACTER:
      spec ^= GST_ISP_CHARACTER ^ GST_ISP_UCHAR;
      break;
    case GST_ISP_UTF32:
      spec ^= GST_ISP_UTF32 ^ GST_ISP_UINT;
      break;
    default:
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      oop1 = index_oop_spec (oop1, OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1), arg2, spec);
      if COMMON (oop1)
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* CharacterArray valueAt:put: */
primitive VMpr_CharacterArray_valueAtPut = 61 [succeed,fail,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  intptr_t spec;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  spec = CLASS_INSTANCE_SPEC (OOP_CLASS (oop1));

  switch (spec & ISP_INDEXEDVARS)
    {
    case GST_ISP_CHARACTER:
      spec ^= GST_ISP_CHARACTER ^ GST_ISP_UCHAR;
      break;
    case GST_ISP_UTF32:
      spec ^= GST_ISP_UTF32 ^ GST_ISP_UINT;
      break;
    default:
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2) && !IS_OOP_READONLY (oop1))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if COMMON (index_oop_put_spec (oop1, OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1), arg2, oop3, spec))
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop3);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}



/* CompiledCode verificationResult */
primitive VMpr_CompiledCode_verificationResult [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  const char *result = _gst_verify_method (oop1, NULL, 0);
  OOP resultOOP = result ? _gst_string_new (result) : _gst_nil_oop;

  SET_STACKTOP (resultOOP);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* CompiledBlock numArgs:numTemps:bytecodes:depth:literals: */
primitive VMpr_CompiledBlock_create [succeed]
{
  OOP *_gst_literals = OOP_TO_OBJ (STACK_AT (0))->data;
  int depth = TO_INT (STACK_AT (1));
  OOP bytecodesOOP = STACK_AT (2);
  int blockTemps = TO_INT (STACK_AT (3));
  int blockArgs = TO_INT (STACK_AT (4));
  bc_vector bytecodes = _gst_extract_bytecodes (bytecodesOOP);

  OOP block =
    _gst_block_new (blockArgs, blockTemps, bytecodes, depth, _gst_literals);

  POP_N_OOPS (5);
  OOP_CLASS(block) = STACKTOP ();

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP (block);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* CompiledMethod literals:numArgs:numTemps:attributes:bytecodes:depth: */
primitive VMpr_CompiledMethod_create [succeed,fail]
{
  int depth = TO_INT (STACK_AT (0));
  OOP bytecodesOOP = STACK_AT (1);
  OOP attributesOOP = STACK_AT (2);
  int methodTemps = TO_INT (STACK_AT (3));
  int methodArgs = TO_INT (STACK_AT (4));
  OOP literals = STACK_AT (5);
  bc_vector bytecodes = _gst_extract_bytecodes (bytecodesOOP);
  int primitive = _gst_process_attributes_array (attributesOOP);
  OOP method;
  if (primitive == -1)
    PRIM_FAILED;

  method = _gst_make_new_method (primitive, methodArgs, methodTemps, depth,
			         literals, bytecodes, _gst_nil_oop,
				 _gst_nil_oop, _gst_nil_oop, -1, -1);

  POP_N_OOPS(6);
  OOP_CLASS(method) = STACKTOP ();

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP (method);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Object shallowCopy */
primitive VMpr_Object_shallowCopy [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  oop1 = _gst_object_copy (oop1);
  SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Behavior basicNew; Behavior new; */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_basicNew = 70 [succeed,fail,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_OOP (oop1))
    {
      if COMMON (!CLASS_IS_INDEXABLE (oop1))
	{
	  /* Note: you cannot pass &STACKTOP() because if the stack
	     moves it ain't valid anymore by the time it is set!!! */
	  OOP result;
	  instantiate (oop1, &result);
	  SET_STACKTOP (result);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Behavior new:; Behavior basicNew: */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_basicNewColon = 71 [succeed,fail,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_OOP (oop1) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      if COMMON (CLASS_IS_INDEXABLE (oop1))
	{
	  intptr_t arg2;
	  arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
	  if (arg2 >= 0)
	    {
	      OOP result;
	      instantiate_with (oop1, arg2, &result);
	      SET_STACKTOP (result);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	}
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object become: */
primitive VMpr_Object_become [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (!IS_OOP_READONLY (oop1)
	     && !IS_OOP_READONLY (oop2))
    {
      _gst_swap_objects (oop1, oop2);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object instVarAt: */
primitive VMpr_Object_instVarAt = 73 [succeed,fail,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if COMMON (CHECK_BOUNDS_OF (oop1, arg2))
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (inst_var_at (oop1, arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object inst_var_at:put: */
primitive VMpr_Object_instVarAtPut = 74 [succeed,fail,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if COMMON (CHECK_BOUNDS_OF (oop1, arg2))
	{
	  inst_var_at_put (oop1, arg2, oop3);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object asOop; Object hash; Symbol hash */
primitive VMpr_Object_hash [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_OOP (oop1))
    {
      PUSH_INT (OOP_INDEX (oop1));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger asObject; SmallInteger asObjectNoFail */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_asObject [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  intptr_t arg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
  if COMMON (OOP_INDEX_VALID (arg1))
    {
      oop1 = OOP_AT (arg1);
      if (!IS_OOP_VALID (oop1))
	oop1 = _gst_nil_oop;

      SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SmallInteger nextValidOop */
primitive VMpr_SmallInteger_nextValidOop [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  intptr_t arg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
  while (OOP_INDEX_VALID (++arg1))
    {
      oop1 = OOP_AT (arg1);
      if (IS_OOP_VALID (oop1))
	{
          SET_STACKTOP_INT (arg1);
          PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Behavior someInstance */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_someInstance [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2, lastOOP;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  PREFETCH_START (_gst_mem.ot_base, PREF_READ | PREF_NTA);
  for (oop2 = _gst_mem.ot_base, lastOOP = &_gst_mem.ot[_gst_mem.ot_size];
       oop2 < lastOOP; oop2++)
    {
      PREFETCH_LOOP (oop2, PREF_READ | PREF_NTA);
      if UNCOMMON (IS_OOP_VALID (oop2) && oop1 == OOP_CLASS (oop2))
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop2);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object nextInstance */
primitive VMpr_Object_nextInstance [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (OOP_CLASS (oop1) == _gst_char_class)
    {
      /* Characters are one after another - at the end there is
         _gst_nil_oop */
      oop1++;
      if (_gst_char_class == OOP_CLASS (oop1))
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  else if (IS_OOP (oop1) && oop1 >= _gst_mem.ot)
    {
      /* There is just one copy of all other builtin objects, so fail
         for a builtin */
      OOP class_oop = OOP_CLASS (oop1);
      for (++oop1; oop1 <= _gst_mem.last_allocated_oop; oop1++)
	{
          PREFETCH_LOOP (oop1, PREF_READ | PREF_NTA);
	  if (IS_OOP_VALID (oop1) && class_oop == OOP_CLASS (oop1))
	    {
	      SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	}
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object becomeForward: */
primitive VMpr_Object_becomeForward [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1, ownerOOP;
  OOP oop2, lastOOP;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  if COMMON (IS_INT (oop1) || IS_OOP_READONLY (oop1))
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  /* Search also on LIFO contexts.  */
  empty_context_stack ();
  PREFETCH_START (_gst_mem.ot_base, PREF_READ | PREF_NTA);
  for (ownerOOP = _gst_mem.ot_base, lastOOP = &_gst_mem.ot[_gst_mem.ot_size];
       ownerOOP < lastOOP; ownerOOP++)
    {
      gst_object object;
      OOP *scanPtr;
      int n;

      PREFETCH_LOOP (ownerOOP, PREF_READ | PREF_NTA);
      if COMMON (!IS_OOP_VALID (ownerOOP))
	continue;

      object = OOP_TO_OBJ (ownerOOP);
      n = num_valid_oops (ownerOOP);
      if UNCOMMON (object->objClass == oop1)
        object->objClass = oop2;
      for (scanPtr = object->data; n--; scanPtr++)
	if UNCOMMON (*scanPtr == oop1)
	  *scanPtr = oop2;
    }

  /* The above loop changed the reference to oop1 in the stacktop,
     so we have to set it back manually!  */
  SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Object allOwners */
primitive VMpr_Object_allOwners [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2, lastOOP;
  OOP result;
  gst_object object;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  _gst_reset_buffer ();
  PREFETCH_START (_gst_mem.ot_base, PREF_READ | PREF_NTA);
  for (oop2 = _gst_mem.ot_base, lastOOP = &_gst_mem.ot[_gst_mem.ot_size];
       oop2 < lastOOP; oop2++)
    {
      PREFETCH_LOOP (oop2, PREF_READ | PREF_NTA);
      if UNCOMMON (IS_OOP_VALID (oop2) && is_owner(oop2, oop1))
	_gst_add_buf_pointer (oop2);
    }

  object = new_instance_with (_gst_array_class,
			      _gst_buffer_size() / sizeof (PTR),
			      &result);

  _gst_copy_buffer (object->data);
  SET_STACKTOP (result);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}


primitive VMpr_ContextPart_thisContext [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  empty_context_stack ();
  SET_STACKTOP (_gst_this_context_oop);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

primitive VMpr_ContextPart_continue [checks_receiver,reload_ip]
{
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_A_KIND_OF (OOP_CLASS (oop1),
				    _gst_context_part_class))
    {
      unwind_to (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (oop2);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
    }
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }
}

/* Continuation resume:nextContinuation: */
primitive VMpr_Continuation_resume [fail,reload_ip]
{
  OOP oop1, oop2, oop3;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_A_KIND_OF (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_continuation_class))
    {
      gst_continuation cc = (gst_continuation) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
      if (COMMON (!IS_NIL (cc->stack)))
	{
	  resume_suspended_context (cc->stack);
	  cc->stack = oop3;
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop2);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* BlockClosure value
   BlockClosure value:
   BlockClosure value:value:
   BlockClosure value:value:value: */
primitive VMpr_BlockClosure_value [fail,reload_ip,cache_new_ip]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  if UNCOMMON (send_block_value (numArgs, 0))
    PRIM_FAILED;
  else
    PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
}

/* BlockClosure cull:
   BlockClosure cull:cull:
   BlockClosure cull:cull:cull: */
primitive VMpr_BlockClosure_cull [fail,reload_ip]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  if UNCOMMON (send_block_value (numArgs, numArgs))
    PRIM_FAILED;
  else
    PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
}

/* We cannot cache the IP here, otherwise calls to #valueAndResumeOnUnwind
   don't actually make the context an unwind context.  If we make a provision
   for that in xlat.c, we can set the cache_new_ip attribute.  */
primitive VMpr_BlockClosure_valueAndResumeOnUnwind [fail,reload_ip]
{
  gst_method_context context;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  context = (gst_method_context) OOP_TO_OBJ (_gst_this_context_oop);
  context->flags |= MCF_IS_UNWIND_CONTEXT;
  if UNCOMMON (send_block_value (numArgs, 0))
    PRIM_FAILED;
  else
    PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;

}

/* BlockClosure valueWithArguments: */
primitive VMpr_BlockClosure_valueWithArguments [fail,reload_ip]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_array_class))
    {
      int i;
      numArgs = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop2);
      for (i = 1; i <= numArgs; i++)
	PUSH_OOP (ARRAY_AT (oop2, i));

      if UNCOMMON (send_block_value (numArgs, 0))
	{
	  POP_N_OOPS (numArgs);
	  PUSH_OOP (oop2);
	  PRIM_FAILED;
	}
      else
	PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object perform:
   Object perform:with:
   Object perform:with:with:
   Object perform:with:with:with: */
primitive VMpr_Object_perform [fail,reload_ip]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP *oopVec = alloca (numArgs * sizeof (OOP));
  int i;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  /* pop off the arguments (if any) */
  numArgs--;
  for (i = 0; i < numArgs; i++)
    oopVec[i] = POP_OOP ();

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();		/* the selector */
  if COMMON (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_symbol_class)
             && check_send_correctness (STACKTOP (), oop1, numArgs))
    {

      /* push the args back onto the stack */
      while (--i >= 0)
	PUSH_OOP (oopVec[i]);

      SEND_MESSAGE (oop1, numArgs);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
    }

  if COMMON (is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_compiled_method_class))
    {
      gst_compiled_method method;
      method_header header;

      method = (gst_compiled_method) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
      header = method->header;
      if (header.numArgs == numArgs)
	{
	  /* push the args back onto the stack */
	  while (--i >= 0)
	    PUSH_OOP (oopVec[i]);

	  _gst_send_method (oop1);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (numArgs + 1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object perform:withArguments: */
primitive VMpr_Object_performWithArguments [fail,reload_ip]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  numArgs = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop2);
  if UNCOMMON (!IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_array_class))
    /* fall through to UNPOP and PRIM_FAILED */
    ;

  else if COMMON (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_symbol_class)
      && check_send_correctness (STACKTOP (), oop1, numArgs))
    {

      int i;
      for (i = 1; i <= numArgs; i++)
	PUSH_OOP (ARRAY_AT (oop2, i));

      SEND_MESSAGE (oop1, numArgs);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
    }

  else if COMMON (is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_compiled_method_class))
    {
      gst_compiled_method method;
      method_header header;

      method = (gst_compiled_method) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
      header = method->header;
      if COMMON (header.numArgs == numArgs)
	{
	  int i;
	  for (i = 1; i <= numArgs; i++)
	    PUSH_OOP (ARRAY_AT (oop2, i));

	  _gst_send_method (oop1);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Semaphore notifyAll */

primitive VMpr_Semaphore_notifyAll [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  while (_gst_sync_signal (oop1, false))
    ;

  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Semaphore signal (id = 0) or Semaphore notify (id = 1) */
primitive VMpr_Semaphore_signalNotify :
     prim_id VMpr_Semaphore_signal [succeed,check_interrupt],
     prim_id VMpr_Semaphore_notify [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  _gst_sync_signal (oop1, id == prim_id (VMpr_Semaphore_signal));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Semaphore wait lock */
primitive VMpr_Semaphore_lock [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  gst_semaphore sem;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  sem = (gst_semaphore) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
  SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (TO_INT (sem->signals) > 0);
  sem->signals = FROM_INT (0);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Semaphore wait */
primitive VMpr_Semaphore_wait [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  _gst_sync_wait (oop1);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Semaphore waitAfterSignalling: aSemaphore */
primitive VMpr_Semaphore_waitAfterSignalling [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  _gst_sync_signal (oop2, true);
  _gst_sync_wait (oop1);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Process suspend */
primitive VMpr_Process_suspend [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  suspend_process (oop1);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Process resume */
primitive VMpr_Process_resume [succeed,fail,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (resume_process (oop1, false))
    PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
  else
    PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Process singleStepWaitingOn: */
primitive VMpr_Process_singleStepWaitingOn [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();

  if (is_process_ready (oop1) || is_process_terminating (oop1))
    {
      UNPOP (2);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  /* Put the current process to sleep, switch execution to the
     new one, and set up the VM to signal the semaphore as soon
     as possible.  */
  _gst_sync_wait (oop2);
  resume_process (oop1, true);
  single_step_semaphore = oop2;
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Process yield */
primitive VMpr_Process_yield [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (oop1 == get_active_process ())
    {
      SET_STACKTOP (_gst_nil_oop);	/* this is our return value */
      active_process_yield ();
    }
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Processor pause: waitForSignal */
primitive VMpr_Processor_pause [succeed,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (would_reschedule_process ())
    {
      if (oop1 == _gst_true_oop)
	_gst_pause ();
      else
	_gst_usleep (20000);
    }

  active_process_yield ();
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}



/* Behavior flushCache */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_flushCache [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  _gst_invalidate_method_cache ();
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* CompiledCode discardTranslation */
primitive VMpr_CompiledCode_discardTranslation [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
#ifdef ENABLE_JIT_TRANSLATION
  _gst_discard_native_code (STACKTOP ());
#endif
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Object changeClassTo: */
primitive VMpr_Object_changeClassTo [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  gst_object obj1, obj2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = STACKTOP ();
  obj1 = OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
  obj2 = OOP_TO_OBJ (oop2);
  if (NUM_WORDS (obj1) > 0
      && !IS_INT (obj1->data[0])
      && (IS_NIL (obj1->data[0])
	  || is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (obj1->data[0]), _gst_behavior_class)))
    {
      obj2->objClass = oop1;
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);			/* trying to do Bad Things */
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Time class timezoneBias */
primitive VMpr_Time_timezoneBias [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP_INT (_gst_current_time_zone_bias ());
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Time class timezone */
primitive VMpr_Time_timezone [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  char *result;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  result = _gst_current_time_zone_name ();
  oop1 = _gst_string_new (result);
  SET_STACKTOP (oop1);
  xfree (result);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Time class secondClock
    -- note: this primitive has different
       semantics from those defined in the
       book.  This primitive returns the
       seconds since/to Jan 1, 2000 00:00:00
       instead of Jan 1,1901.  */
primitive VMpr_Time_secondClock [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  /* 10957 = days between 1970 and 2000 */
  SET_STACKTOP_INT (_gst_get_time () - 86400 * 10957);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Time class millisecondClock.  */
primitive VMpr_Time_millisecondClock [succeed]
{
  OOP milliOOP;
  uint64_t milli;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  milli = _gst_get_milli_time ();
  milliOOP = from_c_int_64 (milli);
  SET_STACKTOP (milliOOP);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Processor signal: semaphore
             atMilliseconds: deltaMilliseconds */
primitive VMpr_Processor_signalAtMilliseconds [succeed,fail,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if (arg2 <= 0)
	_gst_sync_signal (oop1, true);
      else
	_gst_async_timed_wait (oop1, arg2);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Processor isTimeoutProgrammed */
primitive VMpr_Processor_isTimeoutProgrammed [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (_gst_is_timeout_programmed ());
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* String similarityTo: */

primitive VMpr_String_similarityTo [succeed,fail]
{
  int result, l1, l2;
  gst_uchar *s1, *s2;
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  if (OOP_FIXED_FIELDS (oop1)
      || (OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oop1) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_CHARACTER)
    PRIM_FAILED;

#ifndef OPTIMIZE
  if (OOP_FIXED_FIELDS (oop1)
      || (OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oop1) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_CHARACTER)
    PRIM_FAILED;
#endif

  s1 = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oop1);
  s2 = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oop2);
  l1 = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop1);
  l2 = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop2);

  /* Weights are: substitution, case change, insert, delete.  Invert
     the sign so that differences are reported as negative numbers.  */
  result = -strnspell (s1, s2, l1, l2, 7, 3, 4, 4);
  SET_STACKTOP_INT (result);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* String hash */

primitive VMpr_String_hash [checks_receiver]
{
  uintptr_t hash;
  gst_uchar *base;
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
#ifndef OPTIMIZE
  if (!CLASS_IS_SCALAR (OOP_CLASS (oop1)))
    PRIM_FAILED;
#endif

  base = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oop1);
  hash = _gst_hash_string (base, NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop1));
  SET_STACKTOP_INT (hash);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* LargeInteger =
   ByteArray =
   String =
   Array = */
primitive VMpr_ArrayedCollection_equal [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP srcOOP, dstOOP;
  int dstLen, srcLen;
  gst_uchar *dstBase, *srcBase;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  srcOOP = POP_OOP ();
  dstOOP = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (OOP_INT_CLASS (srcOOP) == OOP_INT_CLASS (dstOOP))
    {
      intptr_t spec = OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (srcOOP);
      if (spec & (~0 << ISP_NUMFIXEDFIELDS))
	goto bad;

      /* dstEnd is inclusive: (1 to: 1) has length 1 */
      dstLen = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (dstOOP);
      srcLen = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (srcOOP);

      if (dstLen != srcLen)
	SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (false);
      else if UNCOMMON (dstLen == 0)
	SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (true);
      else
	{
	  /* do the comparison */
	  dstBase = (gst_uchar *) OOP_TO_OBJ (dstOOP)->data;
	  srcBase = (gst_uchar *) OOP_TO_OBJ (srcOOP)->data;
	  dstLen <<= _gst_log2_sizes[spec & ISP_SHAPE];
	  SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (!memcmp (dstBase, srcBase, dstLen));
	}
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

 bad:
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ByteArray indexOf:startingAt:
   ByteArray indexOf:startingAt:ifAbsent:
   String indexOf:startingAt:
   String indexOf:startingAt:ifAbsent: */
primitive VMpr_ArrayedCollection_indexOfStartingAt [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP srcIndexOOP, srcOOP, targetOOP;
  int srcIndex, srcLen, target;
  gst_uchar *srcBase, *srcTarget;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  POP_N_OOPS (numArgs - 2);
  srcIndexOOP = POP_OOP ();
  targetOOP = POP_OOP ();
  srcOOP = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON ((IS_INT (targetOOP) || OOP_CLASS (targetOOP) == _gst_char_class)
	     && IS_INT (srcIndexOOP) && !IS_INT (srcOOP))
    {
      intptr_t srcSpec = OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (srcOOP);
      if (srcSpec & (~0 << ISP_NUMFIXEDFIELDS))
	goto bad;

      /* Check compatibility.  */
      if (_gst_log2_sizes[srcSpec & ISP_SHAPE] != 0)
	goto bad;

      target = IS_INT (targetOOP) ? TO_INT (targetOOP) : CHAR_OOP_VALUE (targetOOP);
      srcIndex = TO_INT (srcIndexOOP);
      srcLen = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (srcOOP) - srcIndex + 1;

      if UNCOMMON (srcLen < 0)
	goto bad;

      srcBase = (gst_uchar *) OOP_TO_OBJ (srcOOP)->data;
      srcTarget = memchr (&srcBase[srcIndex - 1], target, srcLen);
      if (!srcTarget)
	goto bad;

      SET_STACKTOP_INT (srcTarget - srcBase + 1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

 bad:
  UNPOP (numArgs);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* LargeInteger primReplaceFrom:to:with:startingAt
   ByteArray replaceFrom:to:withString:startingAt:
   String replaceFrom:to:withByteArray:startingAt:
   Array replaceFrom:to:with:startingAt:*/
primitive VMpr_ArrayedCollection_replaceFromToWithStartingAt [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP srcIndexOOP, srcOOP, dstEndIndexOOP, dstStartIndexOOP, dstOOP;
  int dstEndIndex, dstStartIndex, srcIndex, dstLen, srcLen, dstRangeLen;
  gst_uchar *dstBase, *srcBase;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  srcIndexOOP = POP_OOP ();
  srcOOP = POP_OOP ();
  dstEndIndexOOP = POP_OOP ();
  dstStartIndexOOP = POP_OOP ();
  dstOOP = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (IS_INT (srcIndexOOP) && IS_INT (dstStartIndexOOP)
             && IS_INT (dstEndIndexOOP) && !IS_INT (srcOOP))
    {
      intptr_t srcSpec = OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (srcOOP);
      intptr_t dstSpec = OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (dstOOP);
      int size;
      if ((srcSpec & (~0 << ISP_NUMFIXEDFIELDS))
          || (dstSpec & (~0 << ISP_NUMFIXEDFIELDS)))
	goto bad;

      /* Check compatibility.  */
      size = _gst_log2_sizes[srcSpec & ISP_SHAPE];
      if (size != _gst_log2_sizes[dstSpec & ISP_SHAPE])
	goto bad;
      if (((srcSpec & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) == GST_ISP_POINTER)
          != ((dstSpec & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) == GST_ISP_POINTER))
	goto bad;

      /* dstEnd is inclusive: (1 to: 1) has length 1 */
      dstEndIndex = TO_INT (dstEndIndexOOP);
      dstStartIndex = TO_INT (dstStartIndexOOP);
      srcIndex = TO_INT (srcIndexOOP);
      dstOOP = STACKTOP ();
      dstLen = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (dstOOP);
      srcLen = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (srcOOP);
      dstRangeLen = dstEndIndex - dstStartIndex + 1;

      if UNCOMMON (dstRangeLen < 0
		   || dstEndIndex > dstLen || dstStartIndex <= 0
	           || srcIndex + dstRangeLen - 1 > srcLen
		   || (srcIndex <= 0 && dstRangeLen > 0))
	goto bad;

      /* don't do it unless there's something to copy */
      if COMMON (dstRangeLen > 0)
	{
	  /* do the copy */
	  dstBase = (gst_uchar *) OOP_TO_OBJ (dstOOP)->data;
	  srcBase = (gst_uchar *) OOP_TO_OBJ (srcOOP)->data;
	  dstStartIndex = (dstStartIndex - 1) << size;
	  srcIndex = (srcIndex - 1) << size;
	  dstRangeLen <<= size;
	  memmove (&dstBase[dstStartIndex], &srcBase[srcIndex], dstRangeLen);
	}
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

 bad:
  UNPOP (4);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object == */

primitive VMpr_Object_identity = 110 [succeed,inlined]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (oop1 == oop2);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Object class */
primitive VMpr_Object_class = 111 [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop1))
    PUSH_OOP (_gst_small_integer_class);
  else
    PUSH_OOP (OOP_CLASS (oop1));

  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}


/* ------- GNU Smalltalk specific primitives begin here -------------------- */
/* quit: status
   Always fail because if it succeeds we don't return */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_quit [fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  intptr_t arg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop1))
    {
      suspend_process (get_scheduled_process ());
      fflush (stdout);
      fflush (stderr);
      _gst_invoke_hook (GST_ABOUT_TO_QUIT);
      arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      exit (arg1);
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* abort */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_abort [fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  abort ();
}


/* Dictionary at: */
primitive VMpr_Dictionary_at [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  SET_STACKTOP (dictionary_at (oop1, oop2));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* This is not defined in terms of #error: in a .st file because some 
   of the required functionality may not be present when it gets
   first invoked, say during the loading of the first kernel files.
   We'll redefine it later.  */

/* Object doesNotUnderstand:
 * Object error: */
primitive VMpr_Object_bootstrapException :
     prim_id VMpr_Object_bootstrapError [succeed],
     prim_id VMpr_Object_bootstrapDNU [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (id == prim_id (VMpr_Object_bootstrapDNU))
    printf ("%O did not understand selector %O\n\n",
      	    oop1, MESSAGE_SELECTOR (oop2));
  else
    printf ("%O error: %#O\n\n", oop1, oop2);

  _gst_show_backtrace (stdout);
  _gst_show_stack_contents ();
  abort ();
}


/* Character class value: */

primitive VMpr_Character_create [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if (arg2 >= 0 && arg2 <= 255)
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (CHAR_OOP_AT (arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* UnicodeCharacter class value: */

primitive VMpr_UnicodeCharacter_create [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if (arg2 >= 0 && arg2 <= 0x10FFFF)
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (char_new (arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Character = */
primitive VMpr_Character_equal [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  PUSH_BOOLEAN (IS_OOP (oop2) && is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop2), _gst_char_class)
		&& CHAR_OOP_VALUE (oop2) == CHAR_OOP_VALUE (oop1)
		&& (CHAR_OOP_VALUE (oop1) <= 127
		    || OOP_CLASS (oop2) == OOP_CLASS (oop1)));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Symbol class intern: aString */
primitive VMpr_Symbol_intern [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = STACKTOP ();		/* keeps this guy referenced while
				   being interned */
  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_string_class))
    {
      OOP internedString;
      internedString = _gst_intern_string_oop (oop2);
      POP_N_OOPS (1);

      SET_STACKTOP (internedString);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Dictionary new */
primitive VMpr_Dictionary_new [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1, dictionaryOOP;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop1 = STACKTOP();
  dictionaryOOP = _gst_dictionary_new (32);
  dictionaryOOP->object->objClass = oop1;
  SET_STACKTOP (dictionaryOOP);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}


/* Memory addressOfOOP: oop */
primitive VMpr_Memory_addressOfOOP [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_OOP (oop2))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (FROM_C_ULONG ((uintptr_t) oop2));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Memory addressOf: oop */
primitive VMpr_Memory_addressOf [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_OOP (oop2))
    {
      PUSH_OOP (FROM_C_ULONG ((uintptr_t) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop2)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


/* SystemDictionary backtrace */

primitive VMpr_SystemDictionary_backtrace [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  _gst_show_backtrace (stdout);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* SystemDictionary getTraceFlag: anIndex */
primitive VMpr_SystemDictionary_getTraceFlag [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      int value;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      value = _gst_get_var (arg2);
      if (value != -1)
	{
	  oop1 = (value > 1 ? FROM_INT (oop2 ) :
		  (value ? _gst_true_oop : _gst_false_oop));
	  PUSH_OOP (oop1);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* SystemDictionary setTraceFlag: anIndex to: aBoolean */
primitive VMpr_SystemDictionary_setTraceFlag [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop1))
    {
      intptr_t arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      intptr_t old_value = _gst_set_var (arg1,
					 IS_INT (oop2)
					 ? TO_INT (oop2)
					 : oop2 == _gst_true_oop);
      if (old_value != -1)
	{
	  SET_EXCEPT_FLAG (true);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


/* Memory type: aType at: anAddress */
primitive VMpr_Memory_at [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_C_LONG (oop3) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg1, arg2;
      arg1 = TO_INT (oop2);
      arg2 = TO_C_LONG (oop3);
      switch (arg1)
	{
	case CDATA_CHAR:		/* char */
	case CDATA_UCHAR:		/* unsigned char */
	  PUSH_OOP (CHAR_OOP_AT (*(unsigned char *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_SHORT:		/* short */
	  PUSH_INT (*(short *) arg2);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_USHORT:		/* unsigned short */
	  PUSH_INT (*(unsigned short *) arg2);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_LONG:		/* long */
	  PUSH_OOP (FROM_C_LONG (*(long *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_ULONG:		/* unsigned long */
	  PUSH_OOP (FROM_C_ULONG (*(unsigned long *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_FLOAT:		/* float */
	  PUSH_OOP (floate_new (*(float *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_DOUBLE:		/* double */
	  PUSH_OOP (floatd_new (*(double *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_STRING:		/* string */
	  if (*(char **) arg2)
	    PUSH_OOP (_gst_string_new (*(char **) arg2));
	  else
	    PUSH_OOP (_gst_nil_oop);

	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_OOP:		/* OOP */
	  PUSH_OOP (*(OOP *) arg2);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_INT:		/* int */
	  PUSH_OOP (FROM_C_INT (*(int *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_UINT:		/* unsigned int */
	  PUSH_OOP (FROM_C_UINT (*(unsigned int *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_LONG_DOUBLE:		/* long double */
	  PUSH_OOP (floatq_new (*(long double *) arg2));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (3);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Memory type: aType at: anAddress put: aValue */
primitive VMpr_Memory_atPut [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop4;
  OOP oop3;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop4 = POP_OOP ();
  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  /* don't pop the receiver */
  if (IS_C_LONG (oop3) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg1, arg2;
      arg1 = TO_INT (oop2);
      arg2 = TO_C_LONG (oop3);
      switch (arg1)
	{
	case CDATA_CHAR:		/* char */
	case CDATA_UCHAR:		/* unsigned char */
	  /* may want to use Character instead? */
	  if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_char_class)
	      || (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_unicode_character_class)
		  && CHAR_OOP_VALUE (oop3) <= 127))
	    {
	      *(char *) arg2 = CHAR_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_INT (oop4))
	    {
	      *(char *) arg2 = (char) TO_INT (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	case CDATA_SHORT:		/* short */
	case CDATA_USHORT:		/* unsigned short */
	  if (IS_INT (oop4))
	    {
	      *(short *) arg2 = (short) TO_INT (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	case CDATA_LONG:		/* long */
	case CDATA_ULONG:		/* unsigned long */
	  if (IS_C_LONG (oop4))
	    {
	      *(long *) arg2 = TO_C_LONG (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	case CDATA_FLOAT:		/* float */
	  if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floatd_class))
	    {
	      *(float *) arg2 = (float) FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floate_class))
	    {
	      *(float *) arg2 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floatq_class))
	    {
	      *(float *) arg2 = (float) FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	case CDATA_DOUBLE:		/* double */
	  if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floatd_class))
	    {
	      *(double *) arg2 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floate_class))
	    {
	      *(double *) arg2 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floatq_class))
	    {
	      *(double *) arg2 = (double) FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	case CDATA_STRING:		/* string */
	  if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_string_class)
	      || IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_symbol_class))
	    {
	      /* Char* cast on the right side needed because
	         _gst_to_cstring returns gst_uchar * */
	      *(char **) arg2 = (char *) _gst_to_cstring (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	case CDATA_OOP:		/* OOP */
	  *(OOP *) arg2 = oop4;
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	case CDATA_INT:		/* int */
	case CDATA_UINT:		/* unsigned int */
	  if (IS_C_INT (oop4))
	    {
	      *(int *) arg2 = TO_C_INT (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	case CDATA_LONG_DOUBLE:		/* long double */
	  if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floatd_class))
	    {
	      *(long double *) arg2 = (long double) FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floate_class))
	    {
	      *(long double *) arg2 = (long double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_CLASS (oop4, _gst_floatq_class))
	    {
	      *(long double *) arg2 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop4);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;
	}
    }

  UNPOP (3);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


/* methodsFor: category */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_methodsFor [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  OOP oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  if (!_gst_current_parser || _gst_current_parser->state != PARSE_DOIT)
    PRIM_FAILED;

  _gst_set_compilation_class (oop1);
  _gst_set_compilation_category (oop2);
  _gst_display_compilation_trace ("Compiling", true);
  _gst_current_parser->state = PARSE_METHOD_LIST;
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* methodsFor: category ifTrue: condition */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_methodsForIfTrue [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  OOP oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  OOP oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  if (!_gst_current_parser || _gst_current_parser->state != PARSE_DOIT)
    PRIM_FAILED;

  _gst_set_compilation_class (oop1);
  _gst_set_compilation_category (oop2);
  if (oop3 == _gst_true_oop)
    _gst_display_compilation_trace ("Conditionally compiling", true);
  else
    {
      _gst_skip_compilation = true;
      _gst_display_compilation_trace ("Conditionally skipping", true);
    }
  _gst_current_parser->state = PARSE_METHOD_LIST;
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}


primitive VMpr_Processor_disableEnableInterrupts :
     prim_id VMpr_Processor_disableInterrupts [succeed],
     prim_id VMpr_Processor_enableInterrupts [succeed]
{
  OOP processOOP;
  gst_process process;
  gst_processor_scheduler processor;
  int count;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  processor = (gst_processor_scheduler) OOP_TO_OBJ (_gst_processor_oop);
  processOOP = processor->activeProcess;
  process = (gst_process) OOP_TO_OBJ (processOOP);

  count = IS_NIL (process->interrupts) ? 0 : TO_INT (process->interrupts);

  if (id == prim_id (VMpr_Processor_disableInterrupts) && count++ == 0)
    async_queue_enabled = false;
  else if (id == prim_id (VMpr_Processor_enableInterrupts) && --count == 0)
    async_queue_enabled = true;

  process->interrupts = FROM_INT (count);

  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* ProcessorScheduler signal: aSemaphore onInterrupt: anInteger */
primitive VMpr_Processor_signalOnInterrupt [succeed,fail,check_interrupt]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      _gst_async_interrupt_wait (oop1, arg2);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ObjectMemory spaceGrowRate */

primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_getSpaceGrowRate [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new ((double) _gst_mem.space_grow_rate));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* ObjectMemory spaceGrowRate: */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_setSpaceGrowRate [succeed,fail]
{
  intptr_t arg1;
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_INT (oop1))
    arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (arg1 > 0 && arg1 <= 500)
    {
      _gst_init_mem (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, arg1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ObjectMemory smoothingFactor */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_getSmoothingFactor [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new ((double) _gst_mem.factor));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* ObjectMemory smoothingFactor: */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_setSmoothingFactor [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  intptr_t arg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_INT (oop1))
    arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }
  if (arg1 >= 0 && arg1 <= 1)
    {
      _gst_mem.factor = arg1;
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ObjectMemory growThresholdPercent */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_getGrowThresholdPercent [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new ((double) _gst_mem.grow_threshold_percent));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* ObjectMemory growThresholdPercent: */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_setGrowThresholdPercent [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  intptr_t arg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    arg1 = (int) FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_INT (oop1))
    arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }
  if (arg1 > 0 && arg1 < 100)
    {
      _gst_init_mem (0, 0, 0, 0, arg1, 0);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ObjectMemory bigObjectThreshold */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_getBigObjectThreshold [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP_INT (_gst_mem.big_object_threshold);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* ObjectMemory bigObjectThreshold: */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_setBigObjectThreshold [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  intptr_t arg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_NIL (oop1))
    arg1 = INT_MAX < MAX_ST_INT ? INT_MAX : MAX_ST_INT;
  else if (IS_INT (oop1))
    arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (arg1 >= 0)
    {
      _gst_init_mem (0, 0, 0, arg1, 0, 0);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ObjectMemory growTo: numBytes */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_growTo [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  intptr_t arg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop1))
    {
      arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      _gst_grow_memory_to (arg1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ObjectMemory update */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_update [checks_receiver]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

#ifndef OPTIMIZE
  if (OOP_CLASS (STACKTOP ()) != _gst_object_memory_class)
    PRIM_FAILED;
#endif

  _gst_update_object_memory_oop (STACKTOP ());
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* CObject class alloc: nbytes type: aType */

primitive VMpr_CObject_allocType [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACK_AT (0);
  oop2 = STACK_AT (1);
  oop3 = STACK_AT (2);
  if (IS_INT (oop2)
      && (IS_NIL (oop1) || is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_c_type_class))
      && COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_A_KIND_OF (oop3, _gst_c_object_class)))
    {
      intptr_t arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      PTR ptr = xmalloc (arg2);
      OOP cObjectOOP = COBJECT_NEW (ptr, oop1, oop3);

      POP_N_OOPS (2);
      SET_STACKTOP (cObjectOOP);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* sin */
primitive VMpr_Float_sin [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (sin (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (sin (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (sinl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* cos */
primitive VMpr_Float_cos [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (cos (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (cos (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (cosl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* tan */
primitive VMpr_Float_tan [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (tan (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (tan (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (tanl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* arcSin */
primitive VMpr_Float_arcSin [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (asin (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (asin (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (asinl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* arcCos */
primitive VMpr_Float_arcCos [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (acos (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (acos (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (acosl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* arcTan */
primitive VMpr_Float_arcTan [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (atan (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (atan (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (atanl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* exp */
primitive VMpr_Float_exp [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (exp (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (exp (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (expl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ln */
primitive VMpr_Float_ln [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (log (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (log (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (logl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* raisedTo: aNumber -- receiver ** aNumber */
primitive VMpr_Float_pow [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  double farg1, farg2;
  long double lfarg1, lfarg2;
  mst_Boolean long_double = false;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    lfarg1 = farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    lfarg1 = farg1 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long_double = true;
      lfarg1 = farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
    }
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_floatd_class))
    lfarg2 = farg2 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop2);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_floate_class))
    lfarg2 = farg2 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop2);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long_double = true;
      lfarg2 = farg2 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop2);
    }
  else
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if ((lfarg1 == 0.0 && lfarg2 < 0.0) || lfarg1 < 0.0)
    {
      UNPOP (1);
      PRIM_FAILED;
    }

  if (long_double)
    {
      if (IS_NAN (lfarg1) || IS_NAN (lfarg2))
        /* The C99 standard mandates that pow(1, NaN) = 1.0 and pow
           (NaN, 0.0) = 1.0, which is plain wrong.  We take the
           liberty to make these results be NaN.  */
        SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (lfarg1 + lfarg2));
      else
        SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (powl (lfarg1, lfarg2)));
    }

  else
    {
      if (IS_NAN (farg1) || IS_NAN (farg2))
        /* The C99 standard mandates that pow(1, NaN) = 1.0 and pow
           (NaN, 0.0) = 1.0, which is plain wrong.  We take the
           liberty to make these results be NaN.  */
        SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (farg1 + farg2));
      else
        SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (pow (farg1, farg2)));
    }

  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* CObject free */
primitive VMpr_CObject_free [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if COMMON (is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_c_callback_descriptor_class))
    {
      _gst_free_closure (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (_gst_nil_oop);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  else if COMMON (RECEIVER_IS_A_KIND_OF (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_c_object_class))
    {
      _gst_free_cobject (oop1);	/* free allocated space */
      SET_STACKTOP (_gst_nil_oop);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* sqrt */
primitive VMpr_Float_sqrt [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (sqrt (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    {
      double farg1 = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (sqrt (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    {
      long double farg1 = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (sqrtl (farg1)));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ceiling, floor */
primitive VMpr_Float_ceil_floor :
     prim_id VMpr_Float_ceil [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_Float_floor [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  double farg1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatd_class))
    farg1 = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floate_class))
    farg1 = (double) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_floatq_class))
    farg1 = (double) FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop1);
  else
    PRIM_FAILED;

  if COMMON ((farg1 > MIN_ST_INT) && farg1 < MAX_ST_INT)
    {
      switch (id)
        {
        case prim_id (VMpr_Float_ceil):
          SET_STACKTOP_INT ((intptr_t) ceil (farg1));
          PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
        case prim_id (VMpr_Float_floor):
          SET_STACKTOP_INT ((intptr_t) floor (farg1));
          PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
        }
    }

  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Behavior basicNewInFixedSpace */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_basicNewFixed [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_OOP (oop1))
    {
      if (!CLASS_IS_INDEXABLE (oop1))
	{
	  OOP result;
	  instantiate (oop1, &result);
	  _gst_make_oop_fixed (result);
	  SET_STACKTOP (result);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Behavior basicNewInFixedSpace: */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_basicNewFixedColon [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_OOP (oop1) && IS_INT (oop2))
    {
      if (CLASS_IS_INDEXABLE (oop1))
	{
	  intptr_t arg2;
	  arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
	  if (arg2 >= 0)
	    {
	      OOP result;
	      instantiate_with (oop1, arg2, &result);
	      _gst_make_oop_fixed (result);
	      SET_STACKTOP (result);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	}
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_Object_tenure [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_OOP (oop1))
    {
      _gst_tenure_oop (oop1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_Object_makeFixed [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_OOP (oop1))
    {
      _gst_make_oop_fixed (oop1);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  PRIM_FAILED;
}


/* CObject at: byteoffset type: aType */

primitive VMpr_CObject_at :
     prim_id VMpr_CObject_derefAt [succeed,fail],
     prim_id VMpr_CObject_at [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop2)
      && ((IS_INT (oop3) && id == prim_id (VMpr_CObject_at))
	  || is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop3), _gst_c_type_class)))
    {
      char *addr;
      intptr_t arg2;
      arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      if (IS_INT (oop3))
	{			/* int type spec means a scalar type */
	  intptr_t arg3 = TO_INT (oop3);

	  if (!cobject_index_check (oop1, arg2, _gst_c_type_size (arg3)))
	    goto fail;

	  addr = ((char *) cobject_value (oop1)) + arg2;
	  switch (arg3)
	    {
	    case CDATA_CHAR:
	    case CDATA_UCHAR:
	      SET_STACKTOP (CHAR_OOP_AT (*(gst_uchar *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_SHORT:
	      SET_STACKTOP_INT (*(short *) addr);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_USHORT:
	      SET_STACKTOP_INT (*(unsigned short *) addr);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_LONG:
	      SET_STACKTOP (FROM_C_LONG (*(long *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_ULONG:
	      SET_STACKTOP (FROM_C_ULONG (*(unsigned long *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_FLOAT:
	      SET_STACKTOP (floate_new (*(float *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_DOUBLE:
	      SET_STACKTOP (floatd_new (*(double *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_STRING:
	      {
		char **strAddr;
		strAddr = (char **) addr;
		if (*strAddr)
		  {
		    SET_STACKTOP (_gst_string_new (*strAddr));
		    PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
		  }
		else
		  {
		    SET_STACKTOP (_gst_nil_oop);
		    PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
		  }
	      }
	    case CDATA_OOP:
	      SET_STACKTOP (*(OOP *) addr);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_INT:
	      SET_STACKTOP (FROM_C_INT (*(int *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_UINT:
	      SET_STACKTOP (FROM_C_UINT (*(unsigned int *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	    case CDATA_LONG_DOUBLE:
	      SET_STACKTOP (floatq_new (*(long double *) addr));
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	}
      else
	{
	  OOP baseOOP;
	  uintptr_t ofs;
	  inc_ptr incPtr;

	  /* Non-integer oop3: use it as the type of the effective address. */

	  if (id == prim_id (VMpr_CObject_derefAt))
	    {
	      if (!cobject_index_check (oop1, arg2, sizeof (uintptr_t)))
		goto fail;

	      ofs = *(uintptr_t *) (((char *)cobject_value (oop1)) + arg2);
	      baseOOP = _gst_nil_oop;
	      if (ofs == 0)
		{
		  SET_STACKTOP (_gst_nil_oop);
		  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
		}
	    }
          else
	    {
	      /* No need to enforce bounds here (if we ever will, remember
		 that a pointer that is one-past the end of the object is
		 valid!).  */
		 
	      gst_cobject cObj = (gst_cobject) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
	      baseOOP = cObj->storage;
	      ofs = COBJECT_OFFSET_OBJ (cObj) + arg2;
	    }

	  /* oop3 could get GC'ed out of existence before it gets used: it is
	     not on the stack, and _gst_c_object_new_base could cause a GC */
	  incPtr = INC_SAVE_POINTER ();
	  INC_ADD_OOP (baseOOP);
	  INC_ADD_OOP (oop3);
	  SET_STACKTOP (_gst_c_object_new_base (baseOOP, ofs, oop3,
					        _gst_c_object_class));
	  INC_RESTORE_POINTER (incPtr);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

 fail:
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* CObject at: byteOffset put: aValue type: aType */
primitive VMpr_CObject_atPut [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  OOP oop4;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop4 = POP_OOP ();
  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  if (IS_INT (oop2) && IS_INT (oop4))
    {
      char *addr;
      intptr_t arg2 = TO_INT (oop2);
      intptr_t arg4 = TO_INT (oop4);
      if (!cobject_index_check (oop1, arg2, _gst_c_type_size (arg4)))
	goto fail;

      addr = ((char *) cobject_value (oop1)) + arg2;
      switch (arg4)
	{
	case CDATA_CHAR:		/* char */
	case CDATA_UCHAR:		/* uchar */
	  if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_char_class)
	      || (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_unicode_character_class)
		  && CHAR_OOP_VALUE (oop3) <= 127))
	    {
	      *addr = CHAR_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  else if (IS_INT (oop3))
	    {
	      *(char *) addr = (char) TO_INT (oop3);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;

	case CDATA_SHORT:		/* short */
	case CDATA_USHORT:		/* ushort */
	  if (IS_INT (oop3))
	    {
	      *(short *) addr = (short) TO_INT (oop3);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;

	case CDATA_LONG:		/* long */
	case CDATA_ULONG:		/* ulong */
	  if (IS_C_LONG (oop3))
	    {
	      *(long *) addr = (long) TO_C_LONG (oop3);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;

	case CDATA_FLOAT:
	  {
	    float *floatAddr;
	    floatAddr = (float *) addr;
	    if (IS_INT (oop3))
	      {
		*floatAddr = (float) TO_INT (oop3);
		PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floatd_class))
	      {
		*floatAddr = (float) FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
		PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floate_class))
	      {
		    *floatAddr = (float) FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
		    PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floatq_class))
	      {
	        *floatAddr = (float) FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	  }
	  break;

	case CDATA_DOUBLE:		/* double */
	  {
	    double *doubleAddr;
	    doubleAddr = (double *) addr;
	    if (IS_INT (oop3))
	      {
	        *doubleAddr = TO_INT (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floatd_class))
	      {
	        *doubleAddr = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floate_class))
	      {
	        *doubleAddr = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floatq_class))
	      {
	        *doubleAddr = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	  }
	  break;

	case CDATA_STRING:		/* string */
	  {				/* note that this does not allow for
					   replacemnt in place */
	    /* to replace in place, use replaceFrom: */
	    char **strAddr;
	    strAddr = (char **) addr;
	    if (oop3 == _gst_nil_oop)
	      {
	        *strAddr = (char *) 0;
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop3), _gst_string_class))
	      {
		*strAddr = (char *) _gst_to_cstring (oop3);
		PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    break;
	  }

	case CDATA_OOP:
	  *(OOP *) addr = oop3;
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;

	case CDATA_INT:		/* int */
	case CDATA_UINT:		/* uint */
	  if (IS_C_INT (oop3))
	    {
	      *(int *) addr = (int) TO_C_INT (oop3);
	      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	    }
	  break;

	case CDATA_LONG_DOUBLE:	/* long double */
	  {
	    long double *longDoubleAddr;
	    longDoubleAddr = (long double *) addr;
	    if (IS_INT (oop3))
	      {
	        *longDoubleAddr = TO_INT (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floatd_class))
	      {
	        *longDoubleAddr = FLOATD_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floate_class))
	      {
	        *longDoubleAddr = FLOATE_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	    else if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_floatq_class))
	      {
	        *longDoubleAddr = FLOATQ_OOP_VALUE (oop3);
	        PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	      }
	  }
	  break;
	}
    }

 fail:
  UNPOP (3);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* CObject address */
primitive VMpr_CObject_address [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  gst_cobject cObj;
  uintptr_t ptr;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  cObj = (gst_cobject) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
  ptr = (uintptr_t) COBJECT_OFFSET_OBJ (cObj);

  if (IS_NIL (cObj->storage))
    SET_STACKTOP (FROM_C_ULONG (ptr));
  else
    SET_STACKTOP (FROM_C_LONG (ptr));

  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}


/* CObject address: */
primitive VMpr_CObject_addressColon [succeed, fail]
{
  OOP oop1, oop2;
  gst_cobject cObj;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  cObj = (gst_cobject) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);

  if (IS_NIL (cObj->storage) ? IS_C_ULONG (oop2) : IS_C_LONG (oop2))
    {
      SET_COBJECT_OFFSET_OBJ (cObj, TO_C_LONG (oop2));
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* CString replaceWith: aString */
primitive VMpr_CString_replaceWith [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  /* assumes the receiver is already pointing at an area of memory that 
     is the correct size; does not (re)allocate receiver's string at
     all.  */

  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_string_class)
      || IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_byte_array_class))
    {
      size_t srcLen;
      gst_uchar *dstBase, *srcBase;
      srcBase = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oop2);
      srcLen = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop2);

      dstBase = *(gst_uchar **) cobject_value (oop1);
      memcpy (dstBase, srcBase, srcLen);
      dstBase[srcLen] = '\0';	/* since it's a CString type, we NUL
				   term it */
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* ByteArray class fromCdata: aCObject size: anInteger */
primitive VMpr_ByteArray_fromCData_size [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop3))
    {
      intptr_t arg3 = TO_INT (oop3);
      OOP byteArrayOOP =
	_gst_byte_array_new (cobject_value (oop2), arg3);
      SET_STACKTOP (byteArrayOOP);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* String class fromCdata: aCObject size: anInteger */
primitive VMpr_String_fromCData_size [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_INT (oop3))
    {
      intptr_t arg3 = TO_INT (oop3);
      OOP stringOOP =
	_gst_counted_string_new (cobject_value (oop2), arg3);
      SET_STACKTOP (stringOOP);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (2);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* String class fromCdata: aCObject */
primitive VMpr_String_fromCData [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP stringOOP;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  stringOOP = _gst_string_new (cobject_value (oop2));
  SET_STACKTOP (stringOOP);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* String asCdata: aCType
 * ByteArray asCdata: aCType */
primitive VMpr_String_ByteArray_asCData :
     prim_id VMpr_String_asCData [checks_receiver],
     prim_id VMpr_ByteArray_asCData [checks_receiver]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = STACK_AT (0);
  oop1 = STACK_AT (1);
  if (is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop2), _gst_c_type_class))
    {
      int size = NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oop1);
      int alloc_size = (id == prim_id (VMpr_String_asCData)) ? size + 1 : size;
      char *data = xmalloc (alloc_size);
      OOP cObjectOOP = COBJECT_NEW (data, oop2, _gst_c_object_class);
      memcpy (data, OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1)->data, size);
      if (id == prim_id (VMpr_String_asCData))
	data[size] = 0;
      POP_N_OOPS (1);
      SET_STACKTOP (cObjectOOP);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


/* SystemDictionary byteCodeCounter */
primitive VMpr_SystemDictionary_byteCodeCounter [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  SET_STACKTOP_INT (_gst_bytecode_counter);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* SystemDictionary debug */
primitive VMpr_SystemDictionary_debug [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  _gst_debug ();		/* used to allow gdb to stop based on
				   Smalltalk execution paths.  */
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}


/* Object isUntrusted */
primitive VMpr_Object_isUntrusted [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (IS_OOP_UNTRUSTED (oop1));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Object makeUntrusted: */
primitive VMpr_Object_makeUntrusted [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (oop2 == _gst_true_oop)
    {
      MAKE_OOP_UNTRUSTED (oop1, true);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  else if (oop2 == _gst_false_oop)
    {
      MAKE_OOP_UNTRUSTED (oop1, false);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object isReadOnly */
primitive VMpr_Object_isReadOnly [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (IS_OOP_READONLY (oop1));
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Object makeReadOnly: */
primitive VMpr_Object_makeReadOnly [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (IS_OOP (oop1))
    {
      if (oop2 == _gst_true_oop)
        {
          MAKE_OOP_READONLY (oop1, true);
          PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
        }
      else if (oop2 == _gst_false_oop)
        {
          MAKE_OOP_READONLY (oop1, false);
          PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
        }
    }

  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Behavior primCompile: aString */

primitive VMpr_Behavior_primCompile [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  mst_Boolean interrupted;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_string_class))
    _gst_push_smalltalk_string (oop2);
  else
    _gst_push_stream_oop (oop2);

  _gst_set_compilation_class (oop1);
  _gst_set_compilation_category (_gst_string_new ("still unclassified"));
  interrupted = parse_stream_with_protection (true);
  _gst_pop_stream (true);
  PUSH_OOP (_gst_latest_compiled_method);

  if (interrupted)
    stop_execution ();

  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Behavior primCompile: aString ifError: aBlock */
primitive VMpr_Behavior_primCompileIfError [fail,succeed,reload_ip]
{
  OOP oop1;
  OOP oop2;
  OOP oop3;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_block_closure_class))
    {
      mst_Boolean oldReportErrors = _gst_report_errors;
      mst_Boolean interrupted;

      if (oldReportErrors)
	{
	  /* only clear out these guys on first transition */
	  _gst_first_error_str = _gst_first_error_file = NULL;
	}
      _gst_report_errors = false;
      if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_string_class))
	_gst_push_smalltalk_string (oop2);
      else
	_gst_push_stream_oop (oop2);

      _gst_set_compilation_class (oop1);
      _gst_set_compilation_category (_gst_string_new ("still unclassified"));
      interrupted = parse_stream_with_protection (true);
      _gst_pop_stream (true);
      _gst_report_errors = oldReportErrors;
      PUSH_OOP (_gst_latest_compiled_method);

      if (interrupted)
        stop_execution ();

      else if (_gst_first_error_str != NULL)
	{
	  SET_STACKTOP (oop3);	/* block context */
	  if (_gst_first_error_file != NULL)
	    {
	      PUSH_OOP (_gst_string_new (_gst_first_error_file));
	      xfree (_gst_first_error_file);
	    }
	  else
	    PUSH_OOP (_gst_nil_oop);

	  PUSH_INT (_gst_first_error_line);
	  PUSH_OOP (_gst_string_new (_gst_first_error_str));
	  xfree (_gst_first_error_str);
	  _gst_first_error_str = _gst_first_error_file = NULL;
	  _gst_report_errors = oldReportErrors;
	  if (send_block_value (3, 3))
	    PRIM_FAILED;
	  else
	    PRIM_SUCCEEDED_RELOAD_IP;
	}

      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  UNPOP (3);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* CCallbackDescriptor link */
primitive VMpr_CCallbackDescriptor_link [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  _gst_make_closure (oop1);

  /* Always fail so as to run the Smalltalk code that finishes the setup.  */
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* CFunctionDescriptor addressOf: funcNameString */
primitive VMpr_CFuncDescriptor_addressOf [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop1 = STACKTOP ();

  if (IS_CLASS (oop1, _gst_string_class))
    {
      char *funcName = (char *) _gst_to_cstring (oop1);
      void *funcAddr = _gst_lookup_function (funcName);
      if (funcAddr)
	{
	  POP_N_OOPS (1);
	  SET_STACKTOP (COBJECT_NEW (funcAddr, _gst_nil_oop, _gst_c_object_class));
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
	}
    }

  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object snapshot: aString */
primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_snapshot [succeed,fail]
{
  char *fileName;
  OOP oop2;
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  oop2 = POP_OOP ();
  if (IS_CLASS (oop2, _gst_string_class))
    {
      mst_Boolean success;
      fileName = _gst_to_cstring (oop2);
      errno = 0;

      /* first overwrite the stack top with true. When we resume from
	 the save, the stack will be in this state. See below. */
      SET_STACKTOP (_gst_true_oop);

      success = _gst_save_to_file (fileName);
      xfree (fileName);
      if (success)
	{
	  /* We're returning in the parent, not resuming from
	     save. Overwite the stack top again, with false this time,
	     to let the caller know which side of the fork we're on. */
	  SET_STACKTOP (_gst_false_oop);
	  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
        }
      else
        _gst_set_errno (errno);
    }
  UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* Object basicPrint */
primitive VMpr_Object_basicPrint [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  printf ("Object: %O", STACKTOP ());
  fflush (stdout);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Object makeWeak */
primitive VMpr_Object_makeWeak [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  if (IS_INT (oop1))
    PRIM_FAILED;

  if (!IS_OOP_WEAK (oop1))
    _gst_make_oop_weak (oop1);

  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Stream fileInLine: lineNum fileName: aString at: charPosInt */

primitive VMpr_Stream_fileInLine [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP oop4 = POP_OOP ();
  OOP oop3 = POP_OOP ();
  OOP oop2 = (numArgs == 4 ? POP_OOP () : oop3);
  OOP oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  OOP streamOOP = STACKTOP ();
  enum undeclared_strategy old;
  
  if (!RECEIVER_IS_OOP (streamOOP))
    PRIM_FAILED;

  if (IS_INT (oop1)
      && (IS_NIL (oop3)
	  || (IS_CLASS (oop3, _gst_string_class) && IS_INT (oop4))))
    {
      mst_Boolean interrupted;
      intptr_t arg1 = TO_INT (oop1);
      intptr_t arg4 = TO_INT (oop4);

      _gst_push_stream_oop (streamOOP);
      _gst_set_stream_info (arg1, oop2, oop3, arg4);
      old = _gst_set_undeclared (UNDECLARED_GLOBALS);
      interrupted = parse_stream_with_protection (false);
      _gst_set_undeclared (old);
      _gst_pop_stream (false);
      if (interrupted)
	stop_execution ();

      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  PRIM_FAILED;
}

/* FileDescriptor>>#fileOp..., variadic */

primitive VMpr_FileDescriptor_fileOp [succeed,fail]
{
  char *fileName, *fileName2;
  gst_file_stream fileStream;
  int fd;
  OOP oop1;
  OOP *oopVec = alloca (numArgs * sizeof (OOP));
  int i;
  intptr_t arg1;
  OOP resultOOP;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  for (i = numArgs; --i >= 0;)
    oopVec[i] = POP_OOP ();

  resultOOP = oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  UNPOP (numArgs);

  if (!IS_INT (oopVec[0]))
    goto fail;

  arg1 = TO_INT (oopVec[0]);
  switch (arg1) {
  case PRIM_OPEN_FILE:
  case PRIM_OPEN_PIPE:
    {
      int is_pipe = false;
      char *fileMode = NULL;
      int access = 0;
      struct stat st;

      /* open: fileName[1] mode: mode[2] or popen: command[1] dir:
         direction[2] */
      fileName = _gst_to_cstring (oopVec[1]);
      if (IS_INT (oopVec[2]) && arg1 == PRIM_OPEN_FILE)
        {
          fd = open ((char *) fileName, TO_INT (oopVec[2]));
	  access = TO_INT (oopVec[2]) && (O_RDONLY | O_WRONLY | O_RDWR);
	}

      else if (!is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oopVec[1]), _gst_string_class))
        fd = -1;

      else if (arg1 == PRIM_OPEN_FILE)
        {
	  fileMode = _gst_to_cstring (oopVec[2]);
          fd = _gst_open_file ((char *) fileName, (char *) fileMode);
	  memset (&st, 0, sizeof (st));
          fstat (fd, &st);
	  is_pipe =
	    S_ISFIFO(st.st_mode) ? true :
	    S_ISREG(st.st_mode) && st.st_size > 0 ? false : -1;
	}

      else
        {
	  fileMode = _gst_to_cstring (oopVec[2]);
	  fd = _gst_open_pipe (fileName, fileMode);
	  is_pipe = true;
	}

      if (fileMode)
	{
          access = strchr (fileMode, '+') ? O_RDWR :
	           (fileMode[0] == 'r') ? O_RDONLY : O_WRONLY;
	  
          xfree (fileMode);
	}

      xfree (fileName);
      if (fd < 0)
	goto fail;

      _gst_set_file_stream_file (oop1, fd, oopVec[1],
			         is_pipe, access, false);

      goto succeed;
    }

  case PRIM_MK_TEMP:
    fileName = _gst_to_cstring (oopVec[1]);
    asprintf (&fileName2, "%sXXXXXX", fileName);
    fd = mkstemp ((char *) fileName2);

    xfree (fileName);
    if (fd < 0)
      {
        xfree (fileName2);
	goto fail;
      }
    
    _gst_set_file_stream_file (oop1, fd, _gst_string_new (fileName2),
			       false, O_RDWR, false);

    xfree (fileName2);
    goto succeed;
  }

  fileStream = (gst_file_stream) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
  if (!IS_INT (fileStream->fd))
    goto fail;

  fd = TO_INT (fileStream->fd);
  switch (arg1)
    {
    case PRIM_CLOSE_FILE:	/* FileDescriptor close */
      _gst_remove_fd_polling_handlers (fd);
      resultOOP = FROM_INT (close (fd));
      goto succeed;

    case PRIM_FSEEK_SET:		/* FileDescriptor position: position */
      if (IS_OFF_T (oopVec[1]) &&
	  lseek (fd, TO_OFF_T (oopVec[1]), SEEK_SET) < 0)
	{
	  errno = 0;
	  break;
	}
      else
        goto succeed;

    case PRIM_FTELL:		/* FileDescriptor position */
      {
	off_t off = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
        if (off < 0)
	  {
	    errno = 0;
	    break;
	  }

	resultOOP = FROM_OFF_T (off);
	goto succeed;
      }

    case PRIM_FEOF:
      {				/* FileDescriptor atEnd */
	off_t oldPos;
	oldPos = lseek (fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
	if (oldPos >= 0 && lseek (fd, 0, SEEK_END) == oldPos)
	  resultOOP = _gst_true_oop;
	else
	  {
	    resultOOP = _gst_false_oop;
	    if (oldPos >= 0)
	      lseek (fd, oldPos, SEEK_SET);
	  }
	errno = 0;
	goto succeed;
      }

    case PRIM_FSIZE:
      {
	struct stat statBuf;
	if (fstat (fd, &statBuf) < 0)
	  {
	    errno = 0;
	    break;
	  }
	resultOOP = FROM_INT (statBuf.st_size);
	goto succeed;
      }

    case PRIM_PUT_CHARS:
      if ((OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_FIXED
          && _gst_log2_sizes[OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_SHAPE] == 0)
	{
	  char *data = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oopVec[1]);
	  intptr_t from = TO_INT (oopVec[2]);
	  intptr_t to = TO_INT (oopVec[3]);
	  ssize_t result;
	  if (to >= from - 1
	      && from > 0 && to <= NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oopVec[1]))
	    {
	      result = _gst_write (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1);
	      if (result != -1)
		{
		  resultOOP = FROM_C_ULONG ((size_t) result);
		  goto succeed;
		}
	    }
	}
      break;

    case PRIM_GET_CHARS:		/* only works for strings */
      if ((OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_FIXED
          && _gst_log2_sizes[OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_SHAPE] == 0)
	{
	  char *data = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oopVec[1]);
	  intptr_t from = TO_INT (oopVec[2]);
	  intptr_t to = TO_INT (oopVec[3]);
	  ssize_t result;
	  if (to >= from - 1
	      && from > 0 && to <= NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oopVec[1]))
	    {
	      /* Parameters to system calls are not guaranteed to
		 generate a SIGSEGV and for this reason we must
		 touch them manually.  */
	      _gst_grey_oop_range (data + from - 1, to - from + 1);
	      result = _gst_read (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1);

	      if (result != -1)
		{
		  resultOOP = FROM_C_ULONG ((size_t) result);
		  goto succeed;
		}
	    }
	}
      break;

    case PRIM_GET_CHARS_AT:
      if ((OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_FIXED
          && _gst_log2_sizes[OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_SHAPE] == 0
	  && IS_OFF_T (oopVec[4]))
	{
	  char *data = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oopVec[1]);
	  intptr_t from = TO_INT (oopVec[2]);
	  intptr_t to = TO_INT (oopVec[3]);
	  off_t ofs = TO_OFF_T (oopVec[4]);
	  ssize_t result;

	  if (to >= from - 1
	      && from > 0 && to <= NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oopVec[1]))
	    {
	      /* Parameters to system calls are not guaranteed to
		 generate a SIGSEGV and for this reason we must
		 touch them manually.  */
	      _gst_grey_oop_range (data + from - 1, to - from + 1);
#if HAVE_PREAD
	      result = pread (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1, ofs);
#else
	      {
		off_t save = lseek (fd, ofs, SEEK_SET);
		if (save != -1)
		  {
		    result = _gst_read (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1);
		    lseek (fd, save, SEEK_SET);
		  }
		else
		  result = -1;
	      }
#endif

	      if (result != -1)
		{
		  resultOOP = FROM_C_ULONG ((size_t) result);
		  goto succeed;
		}
	    }
	}
      break;

    case PRIM_PUT_CHARS_AT:
      if ((OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_FIXED
          && _gst_log2_sizes[OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_SHAPE] == 0
	  && IS_OFF_T (oopVec[4]))
	{
	  char *data = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oopVec[1]);
	  intptr_t from = TO_INT (oopVec[2]);
	  intptr_t to = TO_INT (oopVec[3]);
	  off_t ofs = TO_OFF_T (oopVec[4]);
	  ssize_t result;

	  if (to >= from - 1
	      && from > 0 && to <= NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oopVec[1]))
	    {
	      /* Parameters to system calls are not guaranteed to
		 generate a SIGSEGV and for this reason we must
		 touch them manually.  */
	      _gst_grey_oop_range (data + from - 1, to - from + 1);
#if HAVE_PWRITE
	      result = pwrite (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1, ofs);
#else
	      {
		off_t save = lseek (fd, ofs, SEEK_SET);
		if (save != -1)
		  {
		    result = _gst_write (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1);
		    lseek (fd, save, SEEK_SET);
		  }
		else
		  result = -1;
	      }
#endif

	      if (result != -1)
		{
		  resultOOP = FROM_C_ULONG ((size_t) result);
		  goto succeed;
		}
	    }
	}
      break;

    case PRIM_FTRUNCATE:
      {
	off_t pos;
	pos = lseek (fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
	if (pos < 0)
	  break;

	ftruncate (fd, pos);
	goto succeed;
      }

    case PRIM_FSEEK_CUR:		/* FileDescriptor skip: */
      if (IS_OFF_T (oopVec[1]) &&
	  lseek (fd, TO_OFF_T (oopVec[1]), SEEK_CUR) < 0)
	break;
      else
	goto succeed;

    case PRIM_SYNC_POLL:
      {
	int result;

	result = _gst_sync_file_polling (fd, TO_INT (oopVec[1]));
	if (result >= 0)
	  {
	    resultOOP = FROM_INT (result);
	    goto succeed;
	  }
      }
      break;

    case PRIM_ASYNC_POLL:
      {
	int result;

	result =
	  _gst_async_file_polling (fd, TO_INT (oopVec[1]), oopVec[2]);
	if (result >= 0)
	  goto succeed;
      }
      break;

    case PRIM_IS_PIPE:
      {
	off_t result;

	result = lseek (fd, 0, SEEK_END);
	if (result != -1)
	  {
	    lseek (fd, result, SEEK_SET);
	    resultOOP = _gst_false_oop;
	    goto succeed;
	  }
	else if (errno == ESPIPE || errno == EINVAL)
	  {
	    resultOOP = _gst_true_oop;
	    errno = 0;
	    goto succeed;
	  }

	goto fail;
      }

    case PRIM_SHUTDOWN_WRITE:
      shutdown (FD_TO_SOCKET (fd), 1);
#ifdef ENOTSOCK
      if (errno == ENOTSOCK && isatty (fd))
	{
	  char buf[1];
	  write (fd, buf, 0);
	  errno = 0;
	}
#endif
      goto succeed;
    }

 fail:
  if (errno)
    _gst_set_errno (errno);

  PRIM_FAILED;

 succeed:
  POP_N_OOPS (numArgs);
  SET_STACKTOP (resultOOP);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* FileDescriptor>>#socketOp..., socket version, variadic */

primitive VMpr_FileDescriptor_socketOp [succeed,fail]
{
  gst_file_stream fileStream;
  int fd;
  OOP oop1, resultOOP;
  OOP *oopVec = alloca (numArgs * sizeof (OOP));
  int i;
  intptr_t arg1;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

#ifdef HAVE_SOCKETS
  for (i = numArgs; --i >= 0;)
    oopVec[i] = POP_OOP ();

  resultOOP = oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  UNPOP (numArgs);
  if (!IS_INT (oopVec[0]))
    goto fail;

  arg1 = TO_INT (oopVec[0]);
  fileStream = (gst_file_stream) OOP_TO_OBJ (oop1);
  if (IS_NIL (fileStream->fd))
    goto fail;

  fd = TO_INT (fileStream->fd);
  switch (arg1)
    {

    case PRIM_CLOSE_FILE:	/* FileDescriptor close */
      {
	int result;
        _gst_remove_fd_polling_handlers (fd);
        result = close (fd);
        resultOOP = FROM_INT (result);
        goto succeed;
      }

    case PRIM_PUT_CHARS:
      if ((OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_FIXED
          && _gst_log2_sizes[OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_SHAPE] == 0)
	{
	  char *data = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oopVec[1]);
	  intptr_t from = TO_INT (oopVec[2]);
	  intptr_t to = TO_INT (oopVec[3]);
	  ssize_t result;
	  if (to >= from - 1
	      && from > 0 && to <= NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oopVec[1]))
	    {
	      clear_socket_error ();
	      result = _gst_send (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1, 0);
	      if (result != -1)
		{
		  resultOOP = FROM_C_ULONG ((size_t) result);
		  goto succeed;
		}
	    }
	}
      break;

    case PRIM_GET_CHARS:		/* only works for strings */
      if ((OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_INDEXEDVARS) != GST_ISP_FIXED
          && _gst_log2_sizes[OOP_INSTANCE_SPEC (oopVec[1]) & ISP_SHAPE] == 0)
	{
	  char *data = STRING_OOP_CHARS (oopVec[1]);
	  intptr_t from = TO_INT (oopVec[2]);
	  intptr_t to = TO_INT (oopVec[3]);
	  ssize_t result;
	  if (to >= from - 1
	      && from > 0 && to <= NUM_INDEXABLE_FIELDS (oopVec[1]))
	    {
	      /* Parameters to system calls are not guaranteed to
		 generate a SIGSEGV and for this reason we must
		 touch them manually.  */
	      _gst_grey_oop_range (data + from - 1, to - from + 1);
	      clear_socket_error ();
	      result = _gst_recv (fd, data + from - 1, to - from + 1, 0);
	      if (result != -1)
		{
		  resultOOP = FROM_C_ULONG ((size_t) result);
		  goto succeed;
		}
	    }
	}
      break;

    case PRIM_SYNC_POLL:
      {
	int result;

	result = _gst_sync_file_polling (fd, TO_INT (oopVec[1]));
	if (result >= 0)
	  {
	    resultOOP = FROM_INT (result);
	    goto succeed;
	  }
      }
      break;

    case PRIM_ASYNC_POLL:
      {
	int result;

	result =
	  _gst_async_file_polling (fd, TO_INT (oopVec[1]), oopVec[2]);
	if (result >= 0)
	  goto succeed;
      }
      break;

    case PRIM_IS_PIPE:
      resultOOP =_gst_true_oop;
      goto succeed;
      break;
    }

#endif

 fail:
  PRIM_FAILED;

 succeed:
  POP_N_OOPS (numArgs);
  SET_STACKTOP (resultOOP);
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* C callout primitives.  */

primitive VMpr_CFuncDescriptor_asyncCall [succeed,fail]
{
  OOP resultOOP;
  volatile gst_method_context context;
  OOP contextOOP, cFuncOOP, receiverOOP;
  interp_jmp_buf jb;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  if (numArgs == 1)
    {
      contextOOP = POP_OOP ();
      context = (gst_method_context) OOP_TO_OBJ (contextOOP);
      receiverOOP = context->receiver;
    }
  else
    {
      contextOOP = _gst_this_context_oop;
      context = (gst_method_context) OOP_TO_OBJ (contextOOP);
      receiverOOP = _gst_self;
    }

  cFuncOOP = STACKTOP ();
  push_jmp_buf (&jb, false, _gst_nil_oop);
  if (setjmp (jb.jmpBuf) == 0)
    resultOOP = _gst_invoke_croutine (cFuncOOP, receiverOOP,
				   context->contextStack);
  else
    resultOOP = NULL;

  if (pop_jmp_buf ())
    {
      stop_execution ();
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  else if (resultOOP)
    {
      SET_EXCEPT_FLAG (true);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  if (numArgs == 1)
    UNPOP (1);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_CFuncDescriptor_call [succeed,fail]
{
  volatile gst_method_context context;
  gst_object resultHolderObj;
  OOP receiverOOP, contextOOP, cFuncOOP, resultOOP;
  volatile OOP resultHolderOOP;
  interp_jmp_buf jb;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;

  resultHolderOOP = POP_OOP ();
  if (numArgs == 2)
    {
      contextOOP = POP_OOP ();
      context = (gst_method_context) OOP_TO_OBJ (contextOOP);
      receiverOOP = context->receiver;
    }
  else
    {
      contextOOP = _gst_this_context_oop;
      context = (gst_method_context) OOP_TO_OBJ (contextOOP);
      receiverOOP = _gst_self;
    }

  cFuncOOP = POP_OOP ();

  /* Make the result reachable, and also push it before the
     active process can change.  */
  PUSH_OOP (resultHolderOOP);

  push_jmp_buf (&jb, false, get_active_process ());
  if (setjmp (jb.jmpBuf) == 0)
    resultOOP = _gst_invoke_croutine (cFuncOOP, receiverOOP,
				      context->contextStack);
  else
    resultOOP = NULL;

  if (pop_jmp_buf ())
    {
      stop_execution ();
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }

  else if (resultOOP)
    {
      if (!IS_NIL (resultHolderOOP))
	{
          resultHolderObj = OOP_TO_OBJ (resultHolderOOP);
          resultHolderObj->data[0] = resultOOP;
	}
      SET_EXCEPT_FLAG (true);
      PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
    }
  
  /* Undo changes to the stack made above */
  POP_N_OOPS (1);
  PUSH_OOP (cFuncOOP);
  if (numArgs == 2)
    PUSH_OOP (contextOOP);
  PUSH_OOP (resultHolderOOP);
  PRIM_FAILED;
}


primitive VMpr_Object_makeEphemeron [succeed,fail]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  if (NUM_OOPS (OOP_TO_OBJ (STACKTOP ())) == 0)
    PRIM_FAILED;

  MAKE_OOP_EPHEMERON (STACKTOP ());
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* Namespace current: aNamespace */
primitive VMpr_Namespace_setCurrent [fail]
{
  OOP oop1;

  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  oop1 = STACKTOP ();
  if (is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_dictionary_class))
    _gst_current_namespace = oop1;
  else if (is_a_kind_of (OOP_CLASS (oop1), _gst_class_class))
    _gst_current_namespace = _gst_class_variable_dictionary (oop1);

  /* Always fail */
  PRIM_FAILED;
}

primitive VMpr_ObjectMemory_gcPrimitives :
     prim_id VMpr_ObjectMemory_scavenge [succeed],
     prim_id VMpr_ObjectMemory_compact [succeed],
     prim_id VMpr_ObjectMemory_globalGarbageCollect [succeed],
     prim_id VMpr_ObjectMemory_incrementalGCStep [succeed],
     prim_id VMpr_ObjectMemory_finishIncrementalGC [succeed]
{
  _gst_primitives_executed++;
  switch (id)
    {
      case prim_id (VMpr_ObjectMemory_scavenge):
	_gst_scavenge ();
	break;

      case prim_id (VMpr_ObjectMemory_compact):
	_gst_global_compact ();
	break;

      case prim_id (VMpr_ObjectMemory_globalGarbageCollect):
	_gst_global_gc (0);
	break;

      case prim_id (VMpr_ObjectMemory_incrementalGCStep):
	SET_STACKTOP_BOOLEAN (_gst_incremental_gc_step ());
	break;

      case prim_id (VMpr_ObjectMemory_finishIncrementalGC):
	_gst_finish_incremental_gc ();
	break;
    }
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}

/* SystemDictionary profilerOn */

primitive VMpr_SystemDictionary_rawProfile [succeed]
{
  OOP oop1 = POP_OOP ();
  if (_gst_raw_profile)
    {
      _gst_record_profile (_gst_this_method, NULL, -1);
      SET_STACKTOP (_gst_raw_profile);
      _gst_unregister_oop (_gst_raw_profile);
    }
  else
    SET_STACKTOP (_gst_nil_oop);
  if (IS_NIL (oop1))
    _gst_raw_profile = NULL;
  else
    {
      _gst_raw_profile = oop1;
      _gst_register_oop (_gst_raw_profile);
      _gst_saved_bytecode_counter = _gst_bytecode_counter;
    }
  PRIM_SUCCEEDED;
}


#undef INT_BIN_OP
#undef BOOL_BIN_OP