File: gmPrinting.py

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from __future__ import print_function

__doc__ = """GNUmed printing."""

__author__  = "K.Hilbert <Karsten.Hilbert@gmx.net>"
__license__ = 'GPL v2 or later (details at http://www.gnu.org)'
# =======================================================================
import logging
import sys
import os
import subprocess
import io
import time


if __name__ == '__main__':
	sys.path.insert(0, '../../')
from Gnumed.pycommon import gmShellAPI
from Gnumed.pycommon import gmTools
from Gnumed.pycommon import gmLog2


_log = logging.getLogger('gm.printing')


known_printjob_types = [
	u'medication_list',
	u'generic_document'
]

external_print_APIs = [
	u'gm-print_doc',
	u'os_startfile',		# win, mostly
	u'gsprint',				# win
	u'acrobat_reader',		# win
	u'gtklp',				# Linux
	u'Internet_Explorer',	# win
	u'Mac_Preview'			# MacOSX
]

#=======================================================================
# internal print API
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def print_files(filenames=None, jobtype=None, print_api=None):

	_log.debug('printing "%s": %s', jobtype, filenames)

	for fname in filenames:
		try:
			open(fname, 'r').close()
		except:
			_log.exception('cannot open [%s], aborting', fname)
			return False

	if jobtype not in known_printjob_types:
		print("unregistered print job type <%s>" % jobtype)
		_log.warning('print job type "%s" not registered', jobtype)

	if print_api not in external_print_APIs:
		_log.warning('print API "%s" unknown, trying all', print_api)

	if print_api == u'os_startfile':
		return _print_files_by_os_startfile(filenames = filenames)
	elif print_api == u'gm-print_doc':
		return _print_files_by_shellscript(filenames = filenames, jobtype = jobtype)
	elif print_api == u'gsprint':
		return _print_files_by_gsprint_exe(filenames = filenames)
	elif print_api == u'acrobat_reader':
		return _print_files_by_acroread_exe(filenames = filenames)
	elif print_api == u'gtklp':
		return _print_files_by_gtklp(filenames = filenames)
	elif print_api == u'Internet_Explorer':
		return _print_files_by_IE(filenames = filenames)
	elif print_api == u'Mac_Preview':
		return _print_files_by_mac_preview(filenames = filenames)

	# else try all
	if (sys.platform == 'darwin') or (os.name == 'mac'):
		if _print_files_by_mac_preview(filenames = filenames):
			return True
	elif os.name == 'posix':
		if _print_files_by_gtklp(filenames = filenames):
			return True
	elif os.name == 'nt':
		if _print_files_by_shellscript(filenames = filenames, jobtype = jobtype):
			return True
		if _print_files_by_gsprint_exe(filenames = filenames):
			return True
		if _print_files_by_acroread_exe(filenames = filenames):
			return True
		if _print_files_by_os_startfile(filenames = filenames):
			return True
		if _print_files_by_IE(filenames = filenames):
			return True
		return False

	if _print_files_by_shellscript(filenames = filenames, jobtype = jobtype):
		return True

	return False
#=======================================================================
# external print APIs
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def _print_files_by_mac_preview(filenames=None):

#	if os.name != 'mac':				# does not work
	if sys.platform != 'darwin':
		_log.debug('MacOSX <open> only available under MacOSX/Darwin')
		return False

	for filename in filenames:
		cmd_line = [
			r'open',				# "open" must be in the PATH
			r'-a Preview',			# action = Preview
			filename
		]
		_log.debug('printing with %s' % cmd_line)
		try:
			mac_preview = subprocess.Popen(cmd_line)
		except OSError:
			_log.debug('cannot run <open -a Preview>')
			return False
		mac_preview.communicate()
		if mac_preview.returncode != 0:
			_log.error('<open -a Preview> returned [%s], failed to print', mac_preview.returncode)
			return False

	return True
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def _print_files_by_IE(filenames=None):

	if os.name != 'nt':
		_log.debug('Internet Explorer only available under Windows')
		return False

	try:
		from win32com import client as dde_client
	except ImportError:
		_log.exception('<win32com> Python module not available for use in printing')
		return False

	try:
		i_explorer = dde_client.Dispatch("InternetExplorer.Application")
		for filename in filenames:
			if i_explorer.Busy:
				time.sleep(1)
			i_explorer.Navigate(os.path.normpath(filename))
			if i_explorer.Busy:
				time.sleep(1)
			i_explorer.Document.printAll()
		i_explorer.Quit()
	except:
		_log.exception('error calling IE via DDE')
		return False

	return True
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def _print_files_by_gtklp(filenames=None):

#	if os.name != 'posix':
	if sys.platform != 'linux2':
		_log.debug('<gtklp> only available under Linux')
		return False

	cmd_line = [
		r'gtklp',
		r'-i',
		r'-# 1'
	]
	cmd_line.extend(filenames)
	_log.debug('printing with %s' % cmd_line)
	try:
		gtklp = subprocess.Popen(cmd_line)
	except OSError:
		_log.debug('cannot run <gtklp>')
		return False
	gtklp.communicate()
	if gtklp.returncode != 0:
		_log.error('<gtklp> returned [%s], failed to print', gtklp.returncode)
		return False

	return True
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def _print_files_by_gsprint_exe(filenames=None):
	"""Use gsprint.exe from Ghostscript tools. Windows only.

	- docs: http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/gsview/gsprint.htm
	- download: http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/
	"""
	if os.name != 'nt':
		_log.debug('<gsprint.exe> only available under Windows')
		return False

	conf_filename = gmTools.get_unique_filename (
		prefix = 'gm2gsprint-',
		suffix = '.cfg'
	).encode(sys.getfilesystemencoding())

	for filename in filenames:
		conf_file = io.open(conf_filename, mode = 'wt', encoding = 'utf8')
		conf_file.write(u'-color\n')
		conf_file.write(u'-query\n')			# printer setup dialog
		conf_file.write(u'-all\n')				# all pages
		conf_file.write(u'-copies 1\n')
		conf_file.write(u'%s\n' % os.path.normpath(filename))
		conf_file.close()

		cmd_line = [
			r'gsprint.exe',						# "gsprint.exe" must be in the PATH
			r'-config "%s"' % conf_filename
		]
		_log.debug('printing with %s' % cmd_line)
		try:
			gsprint_process = subprocess.Popen(cmd_line)
		except OSError:
			_log.debug('cannot run <gsprint.exe>')
			return False
		gsprint_process.communicate()
		if gsprint_process.returncode != 0:
			_log.error('<gsprint.exe> returned [%s], failed to print', gsprint_process.returncode)
			return False

	return True
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def _print_files_by_acroread_exe(filenames):
	"""Use Adobe Acrobat Reader. Windows only.

	- docs: http://www.robvanderwoude.com/printfiles.php#PrintPDF
	"""
	if os.name != 'nt':
		_log.debug('Acrobat Reader only used under Windows')
		return False

	for filename in filenames:
		cmd_line = [
			r'AcroRd32.exe',			# "AcroRd32.exe" must be in the PATH
			r'/s',						# no splash
			r'/o',						# no open-file dialog
			r'/h',						# minimized
			r'/p',						# go straight to printing dialog
			os.path.normpath(filename)
		]
		_log.debug('printing with %s' % cmd_line)
		try:
			acroread = subprocess.Popen(cmd_line)
		except OSError:
			_log.debug('cannot run <AcroRd32.exe>')
			cmd_line[0] = r'acroread.exe'					# "acroread.exe" must be in the PATH
			_log.debug('printing with %s' % cmd_line)
			try:
				acroread = subprocess.Popen(cmd_line)
			except OSError:
				_log.debug('cannot run <acroread.exe>')
				return False

		acroread.communicate()
		if acroread.returncode != 0:
			_log.error('Acrobat Reader returned [%s], failed to print', acroread.returncode)
			return False

	return True
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def _print_files_by_os_startfile(filenames=None):

	try:
		os.startfile
	except AttributeError:
		_log.error('platform does not support "os.startfile()"')
		return False

	_log.debug('printing [%s]', filenames)

	for filename in filenames:
		fname = os.path.normcase(os.path.normpath(filename))
		_log.debug('%s -> %s', filename, fname)
		try:
			try:
				os.startfile(fname, 'print')
			except WindowsError, e:
				_log.exception('no <print> action defined for this type of file')
				if e.winerror == 1155:	# try <view> action
					os.startfile(fname)
		except:
			_log.exception('os.startfile() failed')
			gmLog2.log_stack_trace()
			return False

	return True
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def _print_files_by_shellscript(filenames=None, jobtype=None):

	paths = gmTools.gmPaths()
	local_script = os.path.join(paths.local_base_dir, '..', 'external-tools', 'gm-print_doc')

	#candidates = [u'gm-print_doc', u'gm-print_doc.bat', local_script, u'gm-print_doc.bat']
	candidates = [u'gm-print_doc', local_script, u'gm-print_doc.bat']
	found, binary = gmShellAPI.find_first_binary(binaries = candidates)
	if not found:
		binary = r'gm-print_doc.bat'

	cmd_line = [
		binary,
		jobtype
	]
	cmd_line.extend(filenames)
	_log.debug('printing with %s', cmd_line)
	try:
		gm_print_doc = subprocess.Popen(cmd_line)
	except OSError:
		_log.debug('cannot run <gm_print_doc(.bat)>')
		return False
	gm_print_doc.communicate()
	if gm_print_doc.returncode != 0:
		_log.error('<gm_print_doc> returned [%s], failed to print', gm_print_doc.returncode)
		return False

	return True

#	args = u' %s %s' % (jobtype, filename)
#	success = gmShellAPI.run_first_available_in_shell (
#		binaries = candidates,
#		args = args,
#		blocking = True,
#		run_last_one_anyway = True
#	)
#
#	if success:
#		return True
#
#	_log.error('print command failed')
#	return False
#=======================================================================
# main
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
if __name__ == '__main__':

	if len(sys.argv) < 2:
		sys.exit()

	if sys.argv[1] != 'test':
		sys.exit()

	from Gnumed.pycommon import gmLog2
	from Gnumed.pycommon import gmI18N
	gmI18N.activate_locale()
	gmI18N.install_domain()

	#--------------------------------------------------------------------
	def test_print_files():
		return print_files(filenames = [sys.argv[2]], jobtype = sys.argv[3])
	#--------------------------------------------------------------------
	def test_print_files_by_shellscript():
		print_files(filenames = [sys.argv[2], sys.argv[2]], jobtype = u'generic_document', print_api = 'gm-print_doc')
	#--------------------------------------------------------------------
	def test_print_files_by_gtklp():
		print_files(filenames = [sys.argv[2], sys.argv[2]], jobtype = u'generic_document', print_api = u'gtklp')
	#--------------------------------------------------------------------
	def test_print_files_by_mac_preview():
		print("testing printing via Mac Preview")
		_print_files_by_mac_preview(filenames = [sys.argv[0]])
	#--------------------------------------------------------------------
	print(test_print_files())
	#test_print_files_by_gtklp()
	#test_print_files_by_mac_preview()

# =======================================================================