File: ks-engine-hkp.c

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/* ks-engine-hkp.c - HKP keyserver engine
 * Copyright (C) 2011, 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
 * Copyright (C) 2011, 2012, 2014 Werner Koch
 *
 * This file is part of GnuPG.
 *
 * GnuPG is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * GnuPG is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#include <config.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#ifdef HAVE_W32_SYSTEM
# ifdef HAVE_WINSOCK2_H
#  include <winsock2.h>
# endif
# include <windows.h>
#else /*!HAVE_W32_SYSTEM*/
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <sys/socket.h>
# include <netdb.h>
#endif /*!HAVE_W32_SYSTEM*/

#include "dirmngr.h"
#include "misc.h"
#include "../common/userids.h"
#include "dns-stuff.h"
#include "ks-engine.h"

/* Substitutes for missing Mingw macro.  The EAI_SYSTEM mechanism
   seems not to be available (probably because there is only one set
   of error codes anyway).  For now we use WSAEINVAL. */
#ifndef EAI_OVERFLOW
# define EAI_OVERFLOW EAI_FAIL
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_W32_SYSTEM
# ifndef EAI_SYSTEM
#  define EAI_SYSTEM WSAEINVAL
# endif
#endif


/* Number of seconds after a host is marked as resurrected.  */
#define RESURRECT_INTERVAL  (3600+1800)  /* 1.5 hours */

/* To match the behaviour of our old gpgkeys helper code we escape
   more characters than actually needed. */
#define EXTRA_ESCAPE_CHARS "@!\"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?[\\]^_{|}~"

/* How many redirections do we allow.  */
#define MAX_REDIRECTS 2

/* Number of retries done for a dead host etc.  */
#define SEND_REQUEST_RETRIES 3

/* Number of retries done in case of transient errors.  */
#define SEND_REQUEST_EXTRA_RETRIES 5


enum ks_protocol { KS_PROTOCOL_HKP, KS_PROTOCOL_HKPS, KS_PROTOCOL_MAX };

/* Objects used to maintain information about hosts.  */
struct hostinfo_s;
typedef struct hostinfo_s *hostinfo_t;
struct hostinfo_s
{
  time_t lastfail;   /* Time we tried to connect and failed.  */
  time_t lastused;   /* Time of last use.  */
  int *pool;         /* An array with indices into HOSTTABLE or NULL
                        if NAME is not a pool name.  */
  size_t pool_len;   /* Length of POOL.  */
  size_t pool_size;  /* Allocated size of POOL.  */
#define MAX_POOL_SIZE	128
  int poolidx;       /* Index into POOL with the used host.  -1 if not set.  */
  unsigned int v4:1; /* Host supports AF_INET.  */
  unsigned int v6:1; /* Host supports AF_INET6.  */
  unsigned int onion:1;/* NAME is an onion (Tor HS) address.  */
  unsigned int dead:1; /* Host is currently unresponsive.  */
  unsigned int iporname_valid:1;  /* The field IPORNAME below is valid */
                                  /* (but may be NULL) */
  unsigned int did_a_lookup:1;    /* Have we done an A lookup yet?  */
  unsigned int did_srv_lookup:2;  /* One bit per protocol indicating
                                     whether we already did a SRV
                                     lookup.  */
  time_t died_at;    /* The time the host was marked dead.  If this is
                        0 the host has been manually marked dead.  */
  char *cname;       /* Canonical name of the host.  Only set if this
                        is a pool or NAME has a numerical IP address.  */
  char *iporname;    /* Numeric IP address or name for printing.  */
  unsigned short port[KS_PROTOCOL_MAX];
                     /* The port used by the host for all protocols, 0
                        if unknown.  */
  char name[1];      /* The hostname.  */
};


/* An array of hostinfo_t for all hosts requested by the caller or
   resolved from a pool name and its allocated size.*/
static hostinfo_t *hosttable;
static int hosttable_size;

/* The number of host slots we initially allocate for HOSTTABLE.  */
#define INITIAL_HOSTTABLE_SIZE 50


/* Create a new hostinfo object, fill in NAME and put it into
   HOSTTABLE.  Return the index into hosttable on success or -1 on
   error. */
static int
create_new_hostinfo (const char *name)
{
  hostinfo_t hi, *newtable;
  int newsize;
  int idx, rc;

  hi = xtrymalloc (sizeof *hi + strlen (name));
  if (!hi)
    return -1;
  strcpy (hi->name, name);
  hi->pool = NULL;
  hi->pool_len = 0;
  hi->pool_size = 0;
  hi->poolidx = -1;
  hi->lastused = (time_t)(-1);
  hi->lastfail = (time_t)(-1);
  hi->v4 = 0;
  hi->v6 = 0;
  hi->onion = 0;
  hi->dead = 0;
  hi->did_a_lookup = 0;
  hi->did_srv_lookup = 0;
  hi->iporname_valid = 0;
  hi->died_at = 0;
  hi->cname = NULL;
  hi->iporname = NULL;
  hi->port[KS_PROTOCOL_HKP] = 0;
  hi->port[KS_PROTOCOL_HKPS] = 0;

  /* Add it to the hosttable. */
  for (idx=0; idx < hosttable_size; idx++)
    if (!hosttable[idx])
      {
        hosttable[idx] = hi;
        return idx;
      }
  /* Need to extend the hosttable.  */
  newsize = hosttable_size + INITIAL_HOSTTABLE_SIZE;
  newtable = xtryrealloc (hosttable, newsize * sizeof *hosttable);
  if (!newtable)
    {
      xfree (hi);
      return -1;
    }
  hosttable = newtable;
  idx = hosttable_size;
  hosttable_size = newsize;
  rc = idx;
  hosttable[idx++] = hi;
  while (idx < hosttable_size)
    hosttable[idx++] = NULL;

  return rc;
}


/* Find the host NAME in our table.  Return the index into the
   hosttable or -1 if not found.  */
static int
find_hostinfo (const char *name)
{
  int idx;

  for (idx=0; idx < hosttable_size; idx++)
    if (hosttable[idx] && !ascii_strcasecmp (hosttable[idx]->name, name))
      return idx;
  return -1;
}


static int
sort_hostpool (const void *xa, const void *xb)
{
  int a = *(int *)xa;
  int b = *(int *)xb;

  assert (a >= 0 && a < hosttable_size);
  assert (b >= 0 && b < hosttable_size);
  assert (hosttable[a]);
  assert (hosttable[b]);

  return ascii_strcasecmp (hosttable[a]->name, hosttable[b]->name);
}


/* Return true if the host with the hosttable index TBLIDX is in HI->pool.  */
static int
host_in_pool_p (hostinfo_t hi, int tblidx)
{
  int i, pidx;

  for (i = 0; i < hi->pool_len && (pidx = hi->pool[i]) != -1; i++)
    if (pidx == tblidx && hosttable[pidx])
      return 1;
  return 0;
}

static int
host_is_alive (hostinfo_t hi, time_t curtime)
{
  if (!hi)
    return 0;
  if (!hi->dead)
    return 1;
  if (!hi->died_at)
    return 0; /* manually marked dead */
  if (hi->died_at + RESURRECT_INTERVAL <= curtime
      || hi->died_at > curtime)
    {
      hi->dead = 0;
      log_info ("resurrected host '%s'", hi->name);
      return 1;
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Select a random host.  Consult HI->pool which indices into the global
   hosttable.  Returns index into HI->pool or -1 if no host could be
   selected.  */
static int
select_random_host (hostinfo_t hi)
{
  int *tbl = NULL;
  size_t tblsize = 0;
  int pidx, idx;
  time_t curtime;

  curtime = gnupg_get_time ();
  /* We create a new table so that we randomly select only from
     currently alive hosts.  */
  for (idx = 0;
       idx < hi->pool_len && (pidx = hi->pool[idx]) != -1;
       idx++)
    if (hosttable[pidx] && host_is_alive (hosttable[pidx], curtime))
      {
        tblsize++;
        tbl = xtryrealloc(tbl, tblsize * sizeof *tbl);
        if (!tbl)
          return -1; /* memory allocation failed! */
        tbl[tblsize-1] = pidx;
      }
  if (!tblsize)
    return -1; /* No hosts.  */

  if (tblsize == 1)  /* Save a get_uint_nonce.  */
    pidx = tbl[0];
  else
    pidx = tbl[get_uint_nonce () % tblsize];

  xfree (tbl);
  return pidx;
}


/* Figure out if a set of DNS records looks like a pool.  */
static int
arecords_is_pool (dns_addrinfo_t aibuf)
{
  dns_addrinfo_t ai;
  int n_v6, n_v4;

  n_v6 = n_v4 = 0;
  for (ai = aibuf; ai; ai = ai->next)
    {
      if (ai->family == AF_INET6)
        n_v6++;
      else if (ai->family == AF_INET)
        n_v4++;
    }

  return n_v6 > 1 || n_v4 > 1;
}


/* Print a warning iff Tor is not running but Tor has been requested.
 * Also return true if it is not running.  */
static int
tor_not_running_p (ctrl_t ctrl)
{
  assuan_fd_t sock;

  if (!dirmngr_use_tor ())
    return 0;

  sock = assuan_sock_connect_byname (NULL, 0, 0, NULL, ASSUAN_SOCK_TOR);
  if (sock != ASSUAN_INVALID_FD)
    {
      assuan_sock_close (sock);
      return 0;
    }

  log_info ("(it seems Tor is not running)\n");
  dirmngr_status (ctrl, "WARNING", "tor_not_running 0",
                  "Tor is enabled but the local Tor daemon"
                  " seems to be down", NULL);
  return 1;
}


/* Add the host AI under the NAME into the HOSTTABLE.  If PORT is not
   zero, it specifies which port to use to talk to the host for
   PROTOCOL.  If NAME specifies a pool (as indicated by IS_POOL),
   update the given reference table accordingly.  */
static void
add_host (const char *name, int is_pool,
          const dns_addrinfo_t ai,
          enum ks_protocol protocol, unsigned short port)
{
  gpg_error_t tmperr;
  char *tmphost;
  int idx, tmpidx;
  hostinfo_t host;
  int i;

  idx = find_hostinfo (name);
  host = hosttable[idx];

  if (is_pool)
    {
      /* For a pool immediately convert the address to a string.  */
      tmperr = resolve_dns_addr (ai->addr, ai->addrlen,
                                 (DNS_NUMERICHOST | DNS_WITHBRACKET), &tmphost);
    }
  else if (!is_ip_address (name))
    {
      /* This is a hostname.  Use the name as given without going
       * through resolve_dns_addr.  */
      tmphost = xtrystrdup (name);
      if (!tmphost)
        tmperr = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
      else
        tmperr = 0;
    }
  else
    {
      /* Do a PTR lookup on AI.  If a name was not found the function
       * returns the numeric address (with brackets).  */
      tmperr = resolve_dns_addr (ai->addr, ai->addrlen,
                                 DNS_WITHBRACKET, &tmphost);
    }

  if (tmperr)
    {
      log_info ("resolve_dns_addr failed while checking '%s': %s\n",
                name, gpg_strerror (tmperr));
    }
  else if (host->pool_len + 1 >= MAX_POOL_SIZE)
    {
      log_error ("resolve_dns_addr for '%s': '%s'"
                 " [index table full - ignored]\n", name, tmphost);
    }
  else
    {
      if (!is_pool && is_ip_address (name))
        /* Update the original entry.  */
        tmpidx = idx;
      else
        tmpidx = find_hostinfo (tmphost);
      log_info ("resolve_dns_addr for '%s': '%s'%s\n",
                name, tmphost,
                tmpidx == -1? "" : " [already known]");

      if (tmpidx == -1) /* Create a new entry.  */
        tmpidx = create_new_hostinfo (tmphost);

      if (tmpidx == -1)
        {
          log_error ("map_host for '%s' problem: %s - '%s' [ignored]\n",
                     name, strerror (errno), tmphost);
        }
      else  /* Set or update the entry. */
        {
          if (port)
            hosttable[tmpidx]->port[protocol] = port;

          if (ai->family == AF_INET6)
            {
              hosttable[tmpidx]->v6 = 1;
            }
          else if (ai->family == AF_INET)
            {
              hosttable[tmpidx]->v4 = 1;
            }
          else
            BUG ();

          /* If we updated the main entry, we're done.  */
          if (idx == tmpidx)
            goto leave;

          /* If we updated an existing entry, we're done.  */
          for (i = 0; i < host->pool_len; i++)
            if (host->pool[i] == tmpidx)
              goto leave;

          /* Otherwise, we need to add it to the pool.  Check if there
             is space.  */
          if (host->pool_len + 1 > host->pool_size)
            {
              int *new_pool;
              size_t new_size;

              if (host->pool_size == 0)
                new_size = 4;
              else
                new_size = host->pool_size * 2;

              new_pool = xtryrealloc (host->pool,
                                      new_size * sizeof *new_pool);

              if (new_pool == NULL)
                goto leave;

              host->pool = new_pool;
              host->pool_size = new_size;
            }

          /* Finally, add it.  */
          log_assert (host->pool_len < host->pool_size);
          host->pool[host->pool_len++] = tmpidx;
        }
    }
 leave:
  xfree (tmphost);
}


/* Sort the pool of the given hostinfo HI.  */
static void
hostinfo_sort_pool (hostinfo_t hi)
{
  qsort (hi->pool, hi->pool_len, sizeof *hi->pool, sort_hostpool);
}

/* Map the host name NAME to the actual to be used host name.  This
 * allows us to manage round robin DNS names.  We use our own strategy
 * to choose one of the hosts.  For example we skip those hosts which
 * failed for some time and we stick to one host for a time
 * independent of DNS retry times.  If FORCE_RESELECT is true a new
 * host is always selected.  If SRVTAG is NULL no service record
 * lookup will be done, if it is set that service name is used.  The
 * selected host is stored as a malloced string at R_HOST; on error
 * NULL is stored.  If we know the port used by the selected host from
 * a service record, a string representation is written to R_PORTSTR,
 * otherwise it is left untouched.  If R_HTTPFLAGS is not NULL it will
 * receive flags which are to be passed to http_open.  If R_HTTPHOST
 * is not NULL a malloced name of the host is stored there; this might
 * be different from R_HOST in case it has been selected from a
 * pool.  */
static gpg_error_t
map_host (ctrl_t ctrl, const char *name, const char *srvtag, int force_reselect,
          enum ks_protocol protocol, char **r_host, char *r_portstr,
          unsigned int *r_httpflags, char **r_httphost)
{
  gpg_error_t err = 0;
  hostinfo_t hi;
  int idx;
  dns_addrinfo_t aibuf, ai;
  int is_pool;
  int new_hosts = 0;
  char *cname;
  time_t curtime;

  *r_host = NULL;
  if (r_httpflags)
    *r_httpflags = 0;
  if (r_httphost)
    *r_httphost = NULL;

  /* No hostname means localhost.  */
  if (!name || !*name)
    {
      *r_host = xtrystrdup ("localhost");
      return *r_host? 0 : gpg_error_from_syserror ();
    }

  /* See whether the host is in our table.  */
  idx = find_hostinfo (name);
  if (idx == -1)
    {
      idx = create_new_hostinfo (name);
      if (idx == -1)
        return gpg_error_from_syserror ();
      hi = hosttable[idx];
      hi->onion = is_onion_address (name);
    }
  else
    hi = hosttable[idx];
  curtime = gnupg_get_time ();

  is_pool = hi->pool != NULL;

  if (srvtag && !is_ip_address (name)
      && ! hi->onion
      && ! (hi->did_srv_lookup & 1 << protocol))
    {
      struct srventry *srvs;
      unsigned int srvscount;

      /* Check for SRV records.  */
      err = get_dns_srv (name, srvtag, NULL, &srvs, &srvscount);
      if (err)
        {
          if (gpg_err_code (err) == GPG_ERR_ECONNREFUSED)
            tor_not_running_p (ctrl);
          return err;
        }

      if (srvscount > 0)
        {
          int i;
          if (! is_pool)
            is_pool = srvscount > 1;

          for (i = 0; i < srvscount; i++)
            {
              err = resolve_dns_name (srvs[i].target, 0,
                                      AF_UNSPEC, SOCK_STREAM,
                                      &ai, &cname);
              if (err)
                continue;
              dirmngr_tick (ctrl);
              add_host (name, is_pool, ai, protocol, srvs[i].port);
              new_hosts = 1;
            }

          xfree (srvs);
        }

      hi->did_srv_lookup |= 1 << protocol;
    }

  if (! hi->did_a_lookup
      && ! hi->onion)
    {
      /* Find all A records for this entry and put them into the pool
         list - if any.  */
      err = resolve_dns_name (name, 0, 0, SOCK_STREAM, &aibuf, &cname);
      if (err)
        {
          log_error ("resolving '%s' failed: %s\n", name, gpg_strerror (err));
          err = 0;
        }
      else
        {
          /* First figure out whether this is a pool.  For a pool we
             use a different strategy than for a plain server: We use
             the canonical name of the pool as the virtual host along
             with the IP addresses.  If it is not a pool, we use the
             specified name. */
          if (! is_pool)
            is_pool = arecords_is_pool (aibuf);
          if (is_pool && cname)
            {
              hi->cname = cname;
              cname = NULL;
            }

          for (ai = aibuf; ai; ai = ai->next)
            {
              if (ai->family != AF_INET && ai->family != AF_INET6)
                continue;
              if (opt.disable_ipv4 && ai->family == AF_INET)
                continue;
              if (opt.disable_ipv6 && ai->family == AF_INET6)
                continue;
              dirmngr_tick (ctrl);

              add_host (name, is_pool, ai, 0, 0);
              new_hosts = 1;
            }

          hi->did_a_lookup = 1;
        }
      xfree (cname);
      free_dns_addrinfo (aibuf);
    }
  if (new_hosts)
    hostinfo_sort_pool (hi);

  if (hi->pool)
    {
      /* Deal with the pool name before selecting a host. */
      if (r_httphost)
        {
          *r_httphost = xtrystrdup (hi->name);
          if (!*r_httphost)
            return gpg_error_from_syserror ();
        }

      /* If the currently selected host is now marked dead, force a
         re-selection .  */
      if (force_reselect)
        hi->poolidx = -1;
      else if (hi->poolidx >= 0 && hi->poolidx < hosttable_size
               && hosttable[hi->poolidx] && !host_is_alive (hosttable[hi->poolidx], curtime))
        hi->poolidx = -1;

      /* Select a host if needed.  */
      if (hi->poolidx == -1)
        {
          hi->poolidx = select_random_host (hi);
          if (hi->poolidx == -1)
            {
              log_error ("no alive host found in pool '%s'\n", name);
              if (r_httphost)
                {
                  xfree (*r_httphost);
                  *r_httphost = NULL;
                }
              return gpg_error (GPG_ERR_NO_KEYSERVER);
            }
        }

      assert (hi->poolidx >= 0 && hi->poolidx < hosttable_size);
      hi = hosttable[hi->poolidx];
      assert (hi);
    }
  else if (r_httphost && is_ip_address (hi->name))
    {
      /* This is a numerical IP address and not a pool.  We want to
       * find the canonical name so that it can be used in the HTTP
       * Host header.  Fixme: We should store that name in the
       * hosttable. */
      char *host;

      err = resolve_dns_name (hi->name, 0, 0, SOCK_STREAM, &aibuf, NULL);
      if (!err)
        {
          for (ai = aibuf; ai; ai = ai->next)
            {
              if ((!opt.disable_ipv6 && ai->family == AF_INET6)
                  || (!opt.disable_ipv4 && ai->family == AF_INET))
                {
                  err = resolve_dns_addr (ai->addr, ai->addrlen, 0, &host);
                  if (!err)
                    {
                      /* Okay, we return the first found name.  */
                      *r_httphost = host;
                      break;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
      free_dns_addrinfo (aibuf);
    }

  if (!host_is_alive (hi, curtime))
    {
      log_error ("host '%s' marked as dead\n", hi->name);
      if (r_httphost)
        {
          xfree (*r_httphost);
          *r_httphost = NULL;
        }
      return gpg_error (GPG_ERR_NO_KEYSERVER);
    }

  if (r_httpflags)
    {
      /* If the hosttable does not indicate that a certain host
         supports IPv<N>, we explicit set the corresponding http
         flags.  The reason for this is that a host might be listed in
         a pool as not v6 only but actually support v6 when later
         the name is resolved by our http layer.  */
      if (!hi->v4)
        *r_httpflags |= HTTP_FLAG_IGNORE_IPv4;
      if (!hi->v6)
        *r_httpflags |= HTTP_FLAG_IGNORE_IPv6;

      /* Note that we do not set the HTTP_FLAG_FORCE_TOR for onion
         addresses because the http module detects this itself.  This
         also allows us to use an onion address without Tor mode being
         enabled.  */
    }

  *r_host = xtrystrdup (hi->name);
  if (!*r_host)
    {
      err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
      if (r_httphost)
        {
          xfree (*r_httphost);
          *r_httphost = NULL;
        }
      return err;
    }
  if (hi->port[protocol])
    snprintf (r_portstr, 6 /* five digits and the sentinel */,
              "%hu", hi->port[protocol]);
  return 0;
}


/* Mark the host NAME as dead.  NAME may be given as an URL.  Returns
   true if a host was really marked as dead or was already marked dead
   (e.g. by a concurrent session).  */
static int
mark_host_dead (const char *name)
{
  const char *host;
  char *host_buffer = NULL;
  parsed_uri_t parsed_uri = NULL;
  int done = 0;

  if (name && *name && !http_parse_uri (&parsed_uri, name, 1))
    {
      if (parsed_uri->v6lit)
        {
          host_buffer = strconcat ("[", parsed_uri->host, "]", NULL);
          if (!host_buffer)
            log_error ("out of core in mark_host_dead");
          host = host_buffer;
        }
      else
        host = parsed_uri->host;
    }
  else
    host = name;

  if (host && *host && strcmp (host, "localhost"))
    {
      hostinfo_t hi;
      int idx;

      idx = find_hostinfo (host);
      if (idx != -1)
        {
          hi = hosttable[idx];
          log_info ("marking host '%s' as dead%s\n",
                    hi->name, hi->dead? " (again)":"");
          hi->dead = 1;
          hi->died_at = gnupg_get_time ();
          if (!hi->died_at)
            hi->died_at = 1;
          done = 1;
        }
    }

  http_release_parsed_uri (parsed_uri);
  xfree (host_buffer);
  return done;
}


/* Mark a host in the hosttable as dead or - if ALIVE is true - as
   alive.  */
gpg_error_t
ks_hkp_mark_host (ctrl_t ctrl, const char *name, int alive)
{
  gpg_error_t err = 0;
  hostinfo_t hi, hi2;
  int idx, idx2, idx3, n, is_alive;
  time_t curtime;

  if (!name || !*name || !strcmp (name, "localhost"))
    return 0;

  idx = find_hostinfo (name);
  if (idx == -1)
    return gpg_error (GPG_ERR_NOT_FOUND);

  curtime = gnupg_get_time ();
  hi = hosttable[idx];
  is_alive = host_is_alive (hi, curtime);
  if (alive && !is_alive)
    {
      hi->dead = 0;
      err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "marking '%s' as alive", name);
    }
  else if (!alive && is_alive)
    {
      hi->dead = 1;
      hi->died_at = 0; /* Manually set dead.  */
      err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "marking '%s' as dead", name);
    }

  /* If the host is a pool mark all member hosts. */
  if (!err && hi->pool)
    {
      for (idx2 = 0;
           !err && idx2 < hi->pool_len && (n = hi->pool[idx2]) != -1;
           idx2++)
        {
          assert (n >= 0 && n < hosttable_size);

          if (!alive)
            {
              /* Do not mark a host from a pool dead if it is also a
                 member in another pool.  */
              for (idx3=0; idx3 < hosttable_size; idx3++)
                {
                  if (hosttable[idx3]
                      && hosttable[idx3]->pool
                      && idx3 != idx
                      && host_in_pool_p (hosttable[idx3], n))
                    break;
                }
              if (idx3 < hosttable_size)
                continue;  /* Host is also a member of another pool.  */
            }

          hi2 = hosttable[n];
          if (!hi2)
            continue;
          is_alive = host_is_alive (hi2, curtime);
          if (alive && !is_alive)
            {
              hi2->dead = 0;
              err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "marking '%s' as alive",
                                    hi2->name);
            }
          else if (!alive && is_alive)
            {
              hi2->dead = 1;
              hi2->died_at = 0; /* Manually set dead. */
              err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "marking '%s' as dead",
                                    hi2->name);
            }
        }
    }

  return err;
}


/* Debug function to print the entire hosttable.  */
gpg_error_t
ks_hkp_print_hosttable (ctrl_t ctrl)
{
  gpg_error_t err;
  int idx, idx2;
  hostinfo_t hi;
  membuf_t mb;
  time_t curtime;
  char *p, *died;
  const char *diedstr;

  err = ks_print_help (ctrl, "hosttable (idx, ipv6, ipv4, dead, name, time):");
  if (err)
    return err;

  /* FIXME: We need a lock for the hosttable.  */
  curtime = gnupg_get_time ();
  for (idx=0; idx < hosttable_size; idx++)
    if ((hi=hosttable[idx]))
      {
        if (hi->dead && hi->died_at)
          {
            died = elapsed_time_string (hi->died_at, curtime);
            diedstr = died? died : "error";
          }
        else
          diedstr = died = NULL;

        if (!hi->iporname_valid)
          {
            char *canon = NULL;

            xfree (hi->iporname);
            hi->iporname = NULL;

            /* Do a lookup just for the display purpose.  */
            if (hi->onion || hi->pool)
              ;
            else if (is_ip_address (hi->name))
              {
                dns_addrinfo_t aibuf, ai;

                /* Turn the numerical IP address string into an AI and
                 * then do a DNS PTR lookup.  */
                if (!resolve_dns_name (hi->name, 0, 0,
                                       SOCK_STREAM,
                                       &aibuf, &canon))
                  {
                    if (canon && is_ip_address (canon))
                      {
                        xfree (canon);
                        canon = NULL;
                      }
                    for (ai = aibuf; !canon && ai; ai = ai->next)
                      {
                        resolve_dns_addr (ai->addr, ai->addrlen,
                                          DNS_WITHBRACKET, &canon);
                        if (canon && is_ip_address (canon))
                          {
                            /* We already have the numeric IP - no need to
                             * display it a second time.  */
                            xfree (canon);
                            canon = NULL;
                          }
                      }
                  }
                free_dns_addrinfo (aibuf);
              }
            else
              {
                dns_addrinfo_t aibuf, ai;

                /* Get the IP address as a string from a name.  Note
                 * that resolve_dns_addr allocates CANON on success
                 * and thus terminates the loop. */
                if (!resolve_dns_name (hi->name, 0,
                                       hi->v6? AF_INET6 : AF_INET,
                                       SOCK_STREAM,
                                       &aibuf, NULL))
                  {
                    for (ai = aibuf; !canon && ai; ai = ai->next)
                      {
                        resolve_dns_addr (ai->addr, ai->addrlen,
                                          DNS_NUMERICHOST|DNS_WITHBRACKET,
                                          &canon);
                      }
                  }
                free_dns_addrinfo (aibuf);
              }

            hi->iporname = canon;
            hi->iporname_valid = 1;
          }

        err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "%3d %s %s %s %s%s%s%s%s%s%s\n",
                              idx,
                              hi->onion? "O" : hi->v6? "6":" ",
                              hi->v4? "4":" ",
                              hi->dead? "d":" ",
                              hi->name,
                              hi->iporname? " (":"",
                              hi->iporname? hi->iporname : "",
                              hi->iporname? ")":"",
                              diedstr? "  (":"",
                              diedstr? diedstr:"",
                              diedstr? ")":""   );
        xfree (died);
        if (err)
          return err;

        if (hi->cname)
          err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "  .       %s", hi->cname);
        if (err)
          return err;

        if (hi->pool)
          {
            init_membuf (&mb, 256);
            put_membuf_printf (&mb, "  .   -->");
            for (idx2 = 0; idx2 < hi->pool_len && hi->pool[idx2] != -1; idx2++)
              {
                put_membuf_printf (&mb, " %d", hi->pool[idx2]);
                if (hi->poolidx == hi->pool[idx2])
                  put_membuf_printf (&mb, "*");
              }
            put_membuf( &mb, "", 1);
            p = get_membuf (&mb, NULL);
            if (!p)
              return gpg_error_from_syserror ();
            err = ks_print_help (ctrl, p);
            xfree (p);
            if (err)
              return err;
          }
      }
  return 0;
}



/* Print a help output for the schemata supported by this module. */
gpg_error_t
ks_hkp_help (ctrl_t ctrl, parsed_uri_t uri)
{
  const char data[] =
    "Handler for HKP URLs:\n"
    "  hkp://\n"
#if  HTTP_USE_GNUTLS || HTTP_USE_NTBTLS
    "  hkps://\n"
#endif
    "Supported methods: search, get, put\n";
  gpg_error_t err;

#if  HTTP_USE_GNUTLS || HTTP_USE_NTBTLS
  const char data2[] = "  hkp\n  hkps";
#else
  const char data2[] = "  hkp";
#endif

  if (!uri)
    err = ks_print_help (ctrl, data2);
  else if (uri->is_http && (!strcmp (uri->scheme, "hkp")
                            || !strcmp (uri->scheme, "hkps")))
    err = ks_print_help (ctrl, data);
  else
    err = 0;

  return err;
}


/* Build the remote part of the URL from SCHEME, HOST and an optional
 * PORT.  If NO_SRV is set no SRV record lookup will be done.  Returns
 * an allocated string at R_HOSTPORT or NULL on failure.  If
 * R_HTTPHOST is not NULL it receives a malloced string with the
 * hostname; this may be different from HOST if HOST is selected from
 * a pool.  */
static gpg_error_t
make_host_part (ctrl_t ctrl,
                const char *scheme, const char *host, unsigned short port,
                int force_reselect, int no_srv,
                char **r_hostport, unsigned int *r_httpflags, char **r_httphost)
{
  gpg_error_t err;
  const char *srvtag;
  char portstr[10];
  char *hostname;
  enum ks_protocol protocol;

  *r_hostport = NULL;

  if (!strcmp (scheme, "hkps") || !strcmp (scheme,"https"))
    {
      scheme = "https";
      srvtag = no_srv? NULL : "pgpkey-https";
      protocol = KS_PROTOCOL_HKPS;
    }
  else /* HKP or HTTP.  */
    {
      scheme = "http";
      srvtag = no_srv? NULL : "pgpkey-http";
      protocol = KS_PROTOCOL_HKP;
    }

  portstr[0] = 0;
  err = map_host (ctrl, host, srvtag, force_reselect, protocol,
                  &hostname, portstr, r_httpflags, r_httphost);
  if (err)
    return err;

  /* If map_host did not return a port (from a SRV record) but a port
   * has been specified (implicitly or explicitly) then use that port.
   * In the case that a port was not specified (which is probably a
   * bug in https.c) we will set up defaults.  */
  if (*portstr)
    ;
  else if (!*portstr && port)
    snprintf (portstr, sizeof portstr, "%hu", port);
  else if (!strcmp (scheme,"https"))
    strcpy (portstr, "443");
  else
    strcpy (portstr, "11371");

  if (*hostname != '[' && is_ip_address (hostname) == 6)
    *r_hostport = strconcat (scheme, "://[", hostname, "]:", portstr, NULL);
  else
    *r_hostport = strconcat (scheme, "://", hostname, ":", portstr, NULL);
  xfree (hostname);
  if (!*r_hostport)
    {
      if (r_httphost)
        {
          xfree (*r_httphost);
          *r_httphost = NULL;
        }
      return gpg_error_from_syserror ();
    }
  return 0;
}


/* Resolve all known keyserver names and update the hosttable.  This
   is mainly useful for debugging because the resolving is anyway done
   on demand.  */
gpg_error_t
ks_hkp_resolve (ctrl_t ctrl, parsed_uri_t uri)
{
  gpg_error_t err;
  char *hostport = NULL;

  /* NB: With an explicitly given port we do not want to consult a
   * service record because that might be in conflict with the port
   * from such a service record.  */
  err = make_host_part (ctrl, uri->scheme, uri->host, uri->port,
                        1, uri->explicit_port,
                        &hostport, NULL, NULL);
  if (err)
    {
      err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "%s://%s:%hu: resolve failed: %s",
                            uri->scheme, uri->host, uri->port,
                            gpg_strerror (err));
    }
  else
    {
      err = ks_printf_help (ctrl, "%s", hostport);
      xfree (hostport);
    }
  return err;
}


/* Reload (SIGHUP) action for this module.  We mark all host alive
 * even those which have been manually shot.  */
void
ks_hkp_reload (void)
{
  int idx, count;
  hostinfo_t hi;

  for (idx=count=0; idx < hosttable_size; idx++)
    {
      hi = hosttable[idx];
      if (!hi)
        continue;
      hi->iporname_valid = 0;
      if (!hi->dead)
        continue;
      hi->dead = 0;
      count++;
    }
  if (count)
    log_info ("number of resurrected hosts: %d", count);
}


/* Send an HTTP request.  On success returns an estream object at
   R_FP.  HOSTPORTSTR is only used for diagnostics.  If HTTPHOST is
   not NULL it will be used as HTTP "Host" header.  If POST_CB is not
   NULL a post request is used and that callback is called to allow
   writing the post data.  If R_HTTP_STATUS is not NULL, the http
   status code will be stored there.  */
static gpg_error_t
send_request (ctrl_t ctrl, const char *request, const char *hostportstr,
              const char *httphost, unsigned int httpflags,
              gpg_error_t (*post_cb)(void *, http_t), void *post_cb_value,
              estream_t *r_fp, unsigned int *r_http_status)
{
  gpg_error_t err;
  http_session_t session = NULL;
  http_t http = NULL;
  http_redir_info_t redirinfo = { MAX_REDIRECTS };
  estream_t fp = NULL;
  char *request_buffer = NULL;
  parsed_uri_t uri = NULL;

  *r_fp = NULL;

  err = http_parse_uri (&uri, request, 0);
  if (err)
    goto leave;
  redirinfo.orig_url   = request;
  redirinfo.orig_onion = uri->onion;
  redirinfo.allow_downgrade = 1;
  /* FIXME: I am not sure whey we allow a downgrade for hkp requests.
   * Needs at least an explanation here..  */

 once_more:
  err = http_session_new (&session, httphost,
                          ((ctrl->http_no_crl? HTTP_FLAG_NO_CRL : 0)
                           | HTTP_FLAG_TRUST_DEF),
                          gnupg_http_tls_verify_cb, ctrl);
  if (err)
    goto leave;
  http_session_set_log_cb (session, cert_log_cb);
  http_session_set_timeout (session, ctrl->timeout);

  err = http_open (&http,
                   post_cb? HTTP_REQ_POST : HTTP_REQ_GET,
                   request,
                   httphost,
                   /* fixme: AUTH */ NULL,
                   (httpflags
                    |(opt.honor_http_proxy? HTTP_FLAG_TRY_PROXY:0)
                    |(dirmngr_use_tor ()? HTTP_FLAG_FORCE_TOR:0)
                    |(opt.disable_ipv4? HTTP_FLAG_IGNORE_IPv4 : 0)
                    |(opt.disable_ipv6? HTTP_FLAG_IGNORE_IPv6 : 0)),
                   ctrl->http_proxy,
                   session,
                   NULL,
                   /*FIXME curl->srvtag*/NULL);
  if (!err)
    {
      fp = http_get_write_ptr (http);
      /* Avoid caches to get the most recent copy of the key.  We set
         both the Pragma and Cache-Control versions of the header, so
         we're good with both HTTP 1.0 and 1.1.  */
      es_fputs ("Pragma: no-cache\r\n"
                "Cache-Control: no-cache\r\n", fp);
      if (post_cb)
        err = post_cb (post_cb_value, http);
      if (!err)
        {
          http_start_data (http);
          if (es_ferror (fp))
            err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
        }
    }
  if (err)
    {
      /* Fixme: After a redirection we show the old host name.  */
      log_error (_("error connecting to '%s': %s\n"),
                 hostportstr, gpg_strerror (err));
      goto leave;
    }

  /* Wait for the response.  */
  dirmngr_tick (ctrl);
  err = http_wait_response (http);
  if (err)
    {
      log_error (_("error reading HTTP response for '%s': %s\n"),
                 hostportstr, gpg_strerror (err));
      goto leave;
    }

  if (http_get_tls_info (http, NULL))
    {
      /* Update the httpflags so that a redirect won't fallback to an
         unencrypted connection.  */
      httpflags |= HTTP_FLAG_FORCE_TLS;
    }

  if (r_http_status)
    *r_http_status = http_get_status_code (http);

  switch (http_get_status_code (http))
    {
    case 200:
      err = 0;
      break; /* Success.  */

    case 301:
    case 302:
    case 307:
      {
        xfree (request_buffer);
        err = http_prepare_redirect (&redirinfo, http_get_status_code (http),
                                     http_get_header (http, "Location"),
                                     &request_buffer);
        if (err)
          goto leave;

        request = request_buffer;
        http_close (http, 0);
        http = NULL;
        http_session_release (session);
        session = NULL;
      }
      goto once_more;

    case 501:
      err = gpg_error (GPG_ERR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED);
      goto leave;

    case 413:  /* Payload too large */
      err = gpg_error (GPG_ERR_TOO_LARGE);
      goto leave;

    default:
      log_error (_("error accessing '%s': http status %u\n"),
                 request, http_get_status_code (http));
      err = gpg_error (GPG_ERR_NO_DATA);
      goto leave;
    }

  /* FIXME: We should register a permanent redirection and whether a
     host has ever used TLS so that future calls will always use
     TLS. */

  fp = http_get_read_ptr (http);
  if (!fp)
    {
      err = gpg_error (GPG_ERR_BUG);
      goto leave;
    }

  /* Return the read stream and close the HTTP context.  */
  *r_fp = fp;
  http_close (http, 1);
  http = NULL;

 leave:
  http_close (http, 0);
  http_session_release (session);
  xfree (request_buffer);
  http_release_parsed_uri (uri);
  return err;
}


/* Helper to evaluate the error code ERR from a send_request() call
   with REQUEST.  The function returns true if the caller shall try
   again.  TRIES_LEFT points to a variable to track the number of
   retries; this function decrements it and won't return true if it is
   down to zero.  EXTRA_TRIES_LEFT does the same but only for
   transient http status codes.  */
static int
handle_send_request_error (ctrl_t ctrl, gpg_error_t err, const char *request,
                           unsigned int http_status, unsigned int *tries_left,
                           unsigned int *extra_tries_left)
{
  int retry = 0;

  /* Fixme: Should we disable all hosts of a protocol family if a
   * request for an address of that familiy returned ENETDOWN?  */

  switch (gpg_err_code (err))
    {
    case GPG_ERR_ECONNREFUSED:
      if (tor_not_running_p (ctrl))
        break; /* A retry does not make sense.  */
      /* Okay: Tor is up or --use-tor is not used.  */
      /*FALLTHRU*/
    case GPG_ERR_ENETUNREACH:
    case GPG_ERR_ENETDOWN:
    case GPG_ERR_UNKNOWN_HOST:
    case GPG_ERR_NETWORK:
    case GPG_ERR_EIO:  /* Sometimes used by estream cookie functions.  */
    case GPG_ERR_EADDRNOTAVAIL:  /* e.g. when IPv6 is disabled */
    case GPG_ERR_EAFNOSUPPORT:  /* e.g. when IPv6 is not compiled in */
      if (mark_host_dead (request) && *tries_left)
        retry = 1;
      break;

    case GPG_ERR_ETIMEDOUT:
      if (*tries_left)
        {
          log_info ("selecting a different host due to a timeout\n");
          retry = 1;
        }
      break;

    case GPG_ERR_EACCES:
      if (dirmngr_use_tor ())
        {
          log_info ("(Tor configuration problem)\n");
          dirmngr_status (ctrl, "WARNING", "tor_config_problem 0",
                          "Please check that the \"SocksPort\" flag "
                          "\"IPv6Traffic\" is set in torrc", NULL);
        }
      break;

    case GPG_ERR_NO_DATA:
      {
        switch (http_status)
          {
          case 502: /* Bad Gateway  */
            log_info ("marking host dead due to a %u (%s)\n",
                      http_status, http_status2string (http_status));
            if (mark_host_dead (request) && *tries_left)
              retry = 1;
            break;

          case 503: /* Service Unavailable */
          case 504: /* Gateway Timeout    */
            if (*extra_tries_left)
              {
                log_info ("selecting a different host due to a %u (%s)",
                          http_status, http_status2string (http_status));
                retry = 2;
              }
            break;
          }
      }
      break;

    default:
      break;
    }

  if (retry == 2)
    {
      if (*extra_tries_left)
        --*extra_tries_left;
    }
  else
    {
      if (*tries_left)
        --*tries_left;
    }

  return retry;
}


/* Search the keyserver identified by URI for keys matching PATTERN.
   On success R_FP has an open stream to read the data.  If
   R_HTTP_STATUS is not NULL, the http status code will be stored
   there.  */
gpg_error_t
ks_hkp_search (ctrl_t ctrl, parsed_uri_t uri, const char *pattern,
               estream_t *r_fp, unsigned int *r_http_status)
{
  gpg_error_t err;
  KEYDB_SEARCH_DESC desc;
  char fprbuf[2+40+1];
  char *hostport = NULL;
  char *request = NULL;
  estream_t fp = NULL;
  int reselect;
  unsigned int httpflags;
  char *httphost = NULL;
  unsigned int http_status;
  unsigned int tries = SEND_REQUEST_RETRIES;
  unsigned int extra_tries = SEND_REQUEST_EXTRA_RETRIES;

  *r_fp = NULL;

  /* Remove search type indicator and adjust PATTERN accordingly.
     Note that HKP keyservers like the 0x to be present when searching
     by keyid.  We need to re-format the fingerprint and keyids so to
     remove the gpg specific force-use-of-this-key flag ("!").  */
  err = classify_user_id (pattern, &desc, 1);
  if (err)
    return err;
  switch (desc.mode)
    {
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_EXACT:
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_SUBSTR:
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_MAIL:
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_MAILSUB:
      pattern = desc.u.name;
      break;
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_SHORT_KID:
      snprintf (fprbuf, sizeof fprbuf, "0x%08lX", (ulong)desc.u.kid[1]);
      pattern = fprbuf;
      break;
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_LONG_KID:
      snprintf (fprbuf, sizeof fprbuf, "0x%08lX%08lX",
                (ulong)desc.u.kid[0], (ulong)desc.u.kid[1]);
      pattern = fprbuf;
      break;
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_FPR16:
      fprbuf[0] = '0';
      fprbuf[1] = 'x';
      bin2hex (desc.u.fpr, 16, fprbuf+2);
      pattern = fprbuf;
      break;
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_FPR20:
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_FPR:
      fprbuf[0] = '0';
      fprbuf[1] = 'x';
      bin2hex (desc.u.fpr, 20, fprbuf+2);
      pattern = fprbuf;
      break;
    default:
      return gpg_error (GPG_ERR_INV_USER_ID);
    }

  /* Build the request string.  */
  reselect = 0;
 again:
  {
    char *searchkey;

    xfree (hostport); hostport = NULL;
    xfree (httphost); httphost = NULL;
    err = make_host_part (ctrl, uri->scheme, uri->host, uri->port,
                          reselect, uri->explicit_port,
                          &hostport, &httpflags, &httphost);
    if (err)
      goto leave;

    searchkey = http_escape_string (pattern, EXTRA_ESCAPE_CHARS);
    if (!searchkey)
      {
        err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
        goto leave;
      }

    xfree (request);
    request = strconcat (hostport,
                         "/pks/lookup?op=index&options=mr&search=",
                         searchkey,
                         NULL);
    xfree (searchkey);
    if (!request)
      {
        err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
        goto leave;
      }
  }

  /* Send the request.  */
  err = send_request (ctrl, request, hostport, httphost, httpflags,
                      NULL, NULL, &fp, &http_status);
  if (handle_send_request_error (ctrl, err, request, http_status,
                                 &tries, &extra_tries))
    {
      reselect = 1;
      goto again;
    }
  if (r_http_status)
    *r_http_status = http_status;
  if (err)
    {
      if (gpg_err_code (err) == GPG_ERR_NO_DATA)
        dirmngr_status (ctrl, "SOURCE", hostport, NULL);
      goto leave;
    }

  err = dirmngr_status (ctrl, "SOURCE", hostport, NULL);
  if (err)
    goto leave;

  /* Peek at the response.  */
  {
    int c = es_getc (fp);
    if (c == -1)
      {
        err = es_ferror (fp)?gpg_error_from_syserror ():gpg_error (GPG_ERR_EOF);
        log_error ("error reading response: %s\n", gpg_strerror (err));
        goto leave;
      }
    if (c == '<')
      {
        /* The document begins with a '<': Assume a HTML response,
           which we don't support.  */
        err = gpg_error (GPG_ERR_UNSUPPORTED_ENCODING);
        goto leave;
      }
    es_ungetc (c, fp);
  }

  /* Return the read stream.  */
  *r_fp = fp;
  fp = NULL;

 leave:
  es_fclose (fp);
  xfree (request);
  xfree (hostport);
  xfree (httphost);
  return err;
}


/* Get the key described key the KEYSPEC string from the keyserver
   identified by URI.  On success R_FP has an open stream to read the
   data.  The data will be provided in a format GnuPG can import
   (either a binary OpenPGP message or an armored one).  */
gpg_error_t
ks_hkp_get (ctrl_t ctrl, parsed_uri_t uri, const char *keyspec, estream_t *r_fp)
{
  gpg_error_t err;
  KEYDB_SEARCH_DESC desc;
  char kidbuf[2+40+1];
  const char *exactname = NULL;
  char *searchkey = NULL;
  char *hostport = NULL;
  char *request = NULL;
  estream_t fp = NULL;
  int reselect;
  char *httphost = NULL;
  unsigned int httpflags;
  unsigned int http_status;
  unsigned int tries = SEND_REQUEST_RETRIES;
  unsigned int extra_tries = SEND_REQUEST_EXTRA_RETRIES;

  *r_fp = NULL;

  /* Remove search type indicator and adjust PATTERN accordingly.
     Note that HKP keyservers like the 0x to be present when searching
     by keyid.  We need to re-format the fingerprint and keyids so to
     remove the gpg specific force-use-of-this-key flag ("!").  */
  err = classify_user_id (keyspec, &desc, 1);
  if (err)
    return err;
  switch (desc.mode)
    {
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_SHORT_KID:
      snprintf (kidbuf, sizeof kidbuf, "0x%08lX", (ulong)desc.u.kid[1]);
      break;
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_LONG_KID:
      snprintf (kidbuf, sizeof kidbuf, "0x%08lX%08lX",
		(ulong)desc.u.kid[0], (ulong)desc.u.kid[1]);
      break;
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_FPR20:
    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_FPR:
      /* This is a v4 fingerprint. */
      kidbuf[0] = '0';
      kidbuf[1] = 'x';
      bin2hex (desc.u.fpr, 20, kidbuf+2);
      break;

    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_EXACT:
      exactname = desc.u.name;
      break;

    case KEYDB_SEARCH_MODE_FPR16:
      log_error ("HKP keyservers do not support v3 fingerprints\n");
      /* fall through */
    default:
      return gpg_error (GPG_ERR_INV_USER_ID);
    }

  searchkey = http_escape_string (exactname? exactname : kidbuf,
                                  EXTRA_ESCAPE_CHARS);
  if (!searchkey)
    {
      err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
      goto leave;
    }

  reselect = 0;
 again:
  /* Build the request string.  */
  xfree (hostport); hostport = NULL;
  xfree (httphost); httphost = NULL;
  err = make_host_part (ctrl, uri->scheme, uri->host, uri->port,
                        reselect, uri->explicit_port,
                        &hostport, &httpflags, &httphost);
  if (err)
    goto leave;

  xfree (request);
  request = strconcat (hostport,
                       "/pks/lookup?op=get&options=mr&search=",
                       searchkey,
                       exactname? "&exact=on":"",
                       NULL);
  if (!request)
    {
      err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
      goto leave;
    }

  /* Send the request.  */
  err = send_request (ctrl, request, hostport, httphost, httpflags,
                      NULL, NULL, &fp, &http_status);
  if (handle_send_request_error (ctrl, err, request, http_status,
                                 &tries, &extra_tries))
    {
      reselect = 1;
      goto again;
    }
  if (err)
    {
      if (gpg_err_code (err) == GPG_ERR_NO_DATA)
        dirmngr_status (ctrl, "SOURCE", hostport, NULL);
      goto leave;
    }

  err = dirmngr_status (ctrl, "SOURCE", hostport, NULL);
  if (err)
    goto leave;

  /* Return the read stream and close the HTTP context.  */
  *r_fp = fp;
  fp = NULL;

 leave:
  es_fclose (fp);
  xfree (request);
  xfree (hostport);
  xfree (httphost);
  xfree (searchkey);
  return err;
}




/* Callback parameters for put_post_cb.  */
struct put_post_parm_s
{
  char *datastring;
};


/* Helper for ks_hkp_put.  */
static gpg_error_t
put_post_cb (void *opaque, http_t http)
{
  struct put_post_parm_s *parm = opaque;
  gpg_error_t err = 0;
  estream_t fp;
  size_t len;

  fp = http_get_write_ptr (http);
  len = strlen (parm->datastring);

  es_fprintf (fp,
              "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\r\n"
              "Content-Length: %zu\r\n", len+8 /* 8 is for "keytext" */);
  http_start_data (http);
  if (es_fputs ("keytext=", fp) || es_write (fp, parm->datastring, len, NULL))
    err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
  return err;
}


/* Send the key in {DATA,DATALEN} to the keyserver identified by URI.  */
gpg_error_t
ks_hkp_put (ctrl_t ctrl, parsed_uri_t uri, const void *data, size_t datalen)
{
  gpg_error_t err;
  char *hostport = NULL;
  char *request = NULL;
  estream_t fp = NULL;
  struct put_post_parm_s parm;
  char *armored = NULL;
  int reselect;
  char *httphost = NULL;
  unsigned int httpflags;
  unsigned int http_status;
  unsigned int tries = SEND_REQUEST_RETRIES;
  unsigned int extra_tries = SEND_REQUEST_EXTRA_RETRIES;

  parm.datastring = NULL;

  err = armor_data (&armored, data, datalen);
  if (err)
    goto leave;

  parm.datastring = http_escape_string (armored, EXTRA_ESCAPE_CHARS);
  if (!parm.datastring)
    {
      err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
      goto leave;
    }
  xfree (armored);
  armored = NULL;

  /* Build the request string.  */
  reselect = 0;
 again:
  xfree (hostport); hostport = NULL;
  xfree (httphost); httphost = NULL;
  err = make_host_part (ctrl, uri->scheme, uri->host, uri->port,
                        reselect, uri->explicit_port,
                        &hostport, &httpflags, &httphost);
  if (err)
    goto leave;

  xfree (request);
  request = strconcat (hostport, "/pks/add", NULL);
  if (!request)
    {
      err = gpg_error_from_syserror ();
      goto leave;
    }

  /* Send the request.  */
  err = send_request (ctrl, request, hostport, httphost, 0,
                      put_post_cb, &parm, &fp, &http_status);
  if (handle_send_request_error (ctrl, err, request, http_status,
                                 &tries, &extra_tries))
    {
      reselect = 1;
      goto again;
    }
  if (err)
    goto leave;

 leave:
  es_fclose (fp);
  xfree (parm.datastring);
  xfree (armored);
  xfree (request);
  xfree (hostport);
  xfree (httphost);
  return err;
}