File: util.c

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#ifndef lint
static char *RCSid = "$Id: util.c,v 1.46 1998/06/18 14:55:20 ddenholm Exp $";
#endif

/* GNUPLOT - util.c */

/*[
 * Copyright 1986 - 1993, 1998   Thomas Williams, Colin Kelley
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, and distribute this software and its
 * documentation for any purpose with or without fee is hereby granted,
 * provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and
 * that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear
 * in supporting documentation.
 *
 * Permission to modify the software is granted, but not the right to
 * distribute the complete modified source code.  Modifications are to
 * be distributed as patches to the released version.  Permission to
 * distribute binaries produced by compiling modified sources is granted,
 * provided you
 *   1. distribute the corresponding source modifications from the
 *    released version in the form of a patch file along with the binaries,
 *   2. add special version identification to distinguish your version
 *    in addition to the base release version number,
 *   3. provide your name and address as the primary contact for the
 *    support of your modified version, and
 *   4. retain our contact information in regard to use of the base
 *    software.
 * Permission to distribute the released version of the source code along
 * with corresponding source modifications in the form of a patch file is
 * granted with same provisions 2 through 4 for binary distributions.
 *
 * This software is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty
 * to the extent permitted by applicable law.
]*/


#include "plot.h"
#include "setshow.h" /* for month names etc */


TBOOLEAN screen_ok;
	/* TRUE if command just typed; becomes FALSE whenever we
		send some other output to screen.  If FALSE, the command line
		will be echoed to the screen before the ^ error message. */


static char *num_to_str __PROTO((double r));
static void parse_esc __PROTO((char *instr));

/*
 * chr_in_str() compares the characters in the string of token number t_num
 * with c, and returns TRUE if a match was found.
 */
#ifdef PROTOTYPES
int chr_in_str(int t_num, char c)
#else
int chr_in_str(t_num, c)
int t_num;
char c;
#endif
{
register int i;

	if (!token[t_num].is_token)
		return(FALSE);				/* must be a value--can't be equal */
	for (i = 0; i < token[t_num].length; i++) {
		if (input_line[token[t_num].start_index+i] == c)
			return(TRUE);
		}
	return FALSE;
}


/*
 * equals() compares string value of token number t_num with str[], and
 *   returns TRUE if they are identical.
 */
int equals(t_num, str)
int t_num;
char *str;
{
register int i;

	if (!token[t_num].is_token)
		return(FALSE);				/* must be a value--can't be equal */
	for (i = 0; i < token[t_num].length; i++) {
		if (input_line[token[t_num].start_index+i] != str[i])
			return(FALSE);
		}
	/* now return TRUE if at end of str[], FALSE if not */
	return(str[i] == '\0');
}



/*
 * almost_equals() compares string value of token number t_num with str[], and
 *   returns TRUE if they are identical up to the first $ in str[].
 */
int almost_equals(t_num, str)
int t_num;
char *str;
{
register int i;
register int after = 0;
register int start = token[t_num].start_index;
register int length = token[t_num].length;

	if (!token[t_num].is_token)
		return(FALSE);				/* must be a value--can't be equal */
	for (i = 0; i < length + after; i++) {
		if (str[i] != input_line[start + i]) {
			if (str[i] != '$')
				return(FALSE);
			else {
				after = 1;
				start--;	/* back up token ptr */
				}
			}
		}

	/* i now beyond end of token string */

	return(after || str[i] == '$' || str[i] == '\0');
}



int isstring(t_num)
int t_num;
{
	
	return(token[t_num].is_token &&
		   (input_line[token[t_num].start_index] == '\'' ||
		    input_line[token[t_num].start_index] == '"'));
}


int isanumber(t_num)
int t_num;
{
	return(!token[t_num].is_token);
}


int isletter(t_num)
int t_num;
{
	return(token[t_num].is_token &&
			((isalpha(input_line[token[t_num].start_index]))||
			 (input_line[token[t_num].start_index] == '_')));
}


/*
 * is_definition() returns TRUE if the next tokens are of the form
 *   identifier =
 *		-or-
 *   identifier ( identifer {,identifier} ) =
 */
int is_definition(t_num)
int t_num;
{
	/* variable? */
	if(isletter(t_num) && equals(t_num+1,"="))
		return 1;

	/* function? */
	/* look for dummy variables */
	if(isletter(t_num) && equals(t_num+1,"(") && isletter(t_num+2)) {
		t_num += 3;  /* point past first dummy */
		while(equals(t_num,",")) {
			if(!isletter(++t_num))
				return 0;
			t_num += 1;
		}
		return(equals(t_num,")") && equals(t_num+1,"="));
	}

	/* neither */
	return 0;
}



/*
 * copy_str() copies the string in token number t_num into str, appending
 *   a null.  No more than max chars are copied (including \0).
 */
void copy_str(str, t_num, max)
char str[];
int t_num;
int max;
{
register int i = 0;
register int start = token[t_num].start_index;
register int count;

	if ((count = token[t_num].length) >= max) {
		count = max-1;
		FPRINTF((stderr, "str buffer overflow in copy_str"));
	}
	do {
		str[i++] = input_line[start++];
		} while (i != count);
	str[i] = '\0';
}

/* length of token string */
int token_len(t_num)
int t_num;
{
	return (token[t_num].length);
}

/*
 * quote_str() does the same thing as copy_str, except it ignores the
 *   quotes at both ends.  This seems redundant, but is done for
 *   efficency.
 */
void quote_str(str, t_num, max)
char str[];
int t_num;
int max;
{
register int i = 0;
register int start = token[t_num].start_index + 1;
register int count;

	if ((count = token[t_num].length - 2) >= max) {
		count = max-1;
		FPRINTF((stderr, "str buffer overflow in quote_str"));
	}
	if (count>0) {
		do {
			str[i++] = input_line[start++];
			} while (i != count);
	}
	str[i] = '\0';
	/* convert \t and \nnn (octal) to char if in double quotes */
	if ( input_line[token[t_num].start_index] == '"' )
		parse_esc(str);
}


/*
 *	capture() copies into str[] the part of input_line[] which lies between
 *	the begining of token[start] and end of token[end].
 */
void capture(str,start,end,max)
char str[];
int start,end;
int max;
{
register int i,e;

	e = token[end].start_index + token[end].length;
	if(e-token[start].start_index>=max) {
		e=token[start].start_index+max-1;
		FPRINTF((stderr, "str buffer overflow in capture"));
	}

	for (i = token[start].start_index; i < e && input_line[i] != '\0'; i++)
		*str++ = input_line[i];
	*str = '\0';
}


/*
 *	m_capture() is similar to capture(), but it mallocs storage for the
 *  string.
 */
void m_capture(str,start,end)
char **str;
int start,end;
{
register int i,e;
register char *s;

	if (*str)		/* previous pointer to malloc'd memory there */
		free(*str);
	e = token[end].start_index + token[end].length;
	*str = gp_alloc((unsigned long)(e - token[start].start_index + 1), "string");
     s = *str;
     for (i = token[start].start_index; i < e && input_line[i] != '\0'; i++)
	  *s++ = input_line[i];
     *s = '\0';
}


/*
 *	m_quote_capture() is similar to m_capture(), but it removes
	quotes from either end if the string.
 */
void m_quote_capture(str,start,end)
char **str;
int start,end;
{
register int i,e;
register char *s;

	if (*str)		/* previous pointer to malloc'd memory there */
		free(*str);
	e = token[end].start_index + token[end].length-1;
	*str = gp_alloc((unsigned long)(e - token[start].start_index + 1), "string");
     s = *str;
    for (i = token[start].start_index + 1; i < e && input_line[i] != '\0'; i++)
	 *s++ = input_line[i];
    *s = '\0';
}


void convert(val_ptr, t_num)
struct value *val_ptr;
int t_num;
{
	*val_ptr = token[t_num].l_val;
}

static char *num_to_str(r)
double r;
{
	static int i = 0;
	static char s[4][25];
	int j = i++;

	if ( i > 3 ) i = 0;

	sprintf( s[j], "%.15g", r );
	if ( strchr( s[j], '.' ) == NULL &&
	     strchr( s[j], 'e' ) == NULL &&
	     strchr( s[j], 'E' ) == NULL )
		strcat( s[j], ".0" );

	return s[j];
} 

void disp_value(fp,val)
FILE *fp;
struct value *val;
{
	switch(val->type) {
		case INTGR:
			fprintf(fp,"%d",val->v.int_val);
			break;
		case CMPLX:
			if (val->v.cmplx_val.imag != 0.0 )
				fprintf(fp,"{%s, %s}",
					num_to_str(val->v.cmplx_val.real),
					num_to_str(val->v.cmplx_val.imag));
			else
				fprintf(fp,"%s",
					num_to_str(val->v.cmplx_val.real));
			break;
		default:
			int_error("unknown type in disp_value()",NO_CARET);
	}
}


double
real(val)		/* returns the real part of val */
struct value *val;
{
	switch(val->type) {
		case INTGR:
			return((double) val->v.int_val);
		case CMPLX:
			return(val->v.cmplx_val.real);
	}
	int_error("unknown type in real()",NO_CARET);
	/* NOTREACHED */
	return((double)0.0);
}


double
imag(val)		/* returns the imag part of val */
struct value *val;
{
	switch(val->type) {
		case INTGR:
			return(0.0);
		case CMPLX:
			return(val->v.cmplx_val.imag);
	}
	int_error("unknown type in imag()",NO_CARET);
	/* NOTREACHED */
	return((double)0.0);
}



double
magnitude(val)		/* returns the magnitude of val */
struct value *val;
{
	switch(val->type) {
		case INTGR:
			return((double) abs(val->v.int_val));
		case CMPLX:
			return(sqrt(val->v.cmplx_val.real*
				    val->v.cmplx_val.real +
				    val->v.cmplx_val.imag*
				    val->v.cmplx_val.imag));
	}
	int_error("unknown type in magnitude()",NO_CARET);
	/* NOTREACHED */
	return((double)0.0);
}



double
angle(val)		/* returns the angle of val */
struct value *val;
{
	switch(val->type) {
		case INTGR:
			return((val->v.int_val >= 0) ? 0.0 : Pi);
		case CMPLX:
			if (val->v.cmplx_val.imag == 0.0) {
				if (val->v.cmplx_val.real >= 0.0)
					return(0.0);
				else
					return(Pi);
			}
			return(atan2(val->v.cmplx_val.imag,
				     val->v.cmplx_val.real));
	}
	int_error("unknown type in angle()",NO_CARET);
	/* NOTREACHED */
	return((double)0.0);
}


struct value *
Gcomplex(a,realpart,imagpart)
struct value *a;
double realpart, imagpart;
{
	a->type = CMPLX;
	a->v.cmplx_val.real = realpart;
	a->v.cmplx_val.imag = imagpart;
	return(a);
}


struct value *
Ginteger(a,i)
struct value *a;
int i;
{
	a->type = INTGR;
	a->v.int_val = i;
	return(a);
}


void os_error(str,t_num)
char str[];
int t_num;
{
#ifdef VMS
static status[2] = {1, 0};		/* 1 is count of error msgs */
#endif /* VMS */

register int i;

	/* reprint line if screen has been written to */

	if (t_num != NO_CARET) {		/* put caret under error */
		if (!screen_ok)
			fprintf(stderr,"\n%s%s\n", PROMPT, input_line);

		for (i = 0; i < sizeof(PROMPT) - 1; i++)
			(void) putc(' ',stderr);
		for (i = 0; i < token[t_num].start_index; i++) {
			(void) putc((input_line[i] == '\t') ? '\t' : ' ',stderr);
			}
		(void) putc('^',stderr);
		(void) putc('\n',stderr);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < sizeof(PROMPT) - 1; i++)
		(void) putc(' ',stderr);
	fprintf(stderr,"%s\n",str);

	for (i = 0; i < sizeof(PROMPT) - 1; i++)
		(void) putc(' ',stderr);
     if (!interactive)
	  if (infile_name != NULL)
	    fprintf(stderr,"\"%s\", line %d: ", infile_name, inline_num);
	  else
	    fprintf(stderr,"line %d: ", inline_num);


#ifdef VMS
	status[1] = vaxc$errno;
	sys$putmsg(status);
	(void) putc('\n',stderr);
#else /* VMS */
	fprintf(stderr,"(%s)\n\n", strerror(errno));
#endif /* VMS */

	bail_to_command_line();
}


void int_error(str,t_num)
char str[];
int t_num;
{
register int i;

	/* reprint line if screen has been written to */

	if (t_num != NO_CARET) {		/* put caret under error */
		if (!screen_ok)
			fprintf(stderr,"\n%s%s\n", PROMPT, input_line);

		for (i = 0; i < sizeof(PROMPT) - 1; i++)
			(void) putc(' ',stderr);
		for (i = 0; i < token[t_num].start_index; i++) {
			(void) putc((input_line[i] == '\t') ? '\t' : ' ',stderr);
			}
		(void) putc('^',stderr);
		(void) putc('\n',stderr);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < sizeof(PROMPT) - 1; i++)
		(void) putc(' ',stderr);
     if (!interactive)
	  if (infile_name != NULL)
	    fprintf(stderr,"\"%s\", line %d: ", infile_name, inline_num);
	  else
	    fprintf(stderr,"line %d: ", inline_num);
     fprintf(stderr,"%s\n\n", str);

	bail_to_command_line();
}

void int_warn(str,t_num)
char str[];
int t_num;
{
register int i;

/* Warn without bailing out to command line. Not a user error */

	/* reprint line if screen has been written to */

	if (t_num != NO_CARET) {		/* put caret under error */
		if (!screen_ok)
			fprintf(stderr,"\n%s%s\n", PROMPT, input_line);

		for (i = 0; i < sizeof(PROMPT) - 1; i++)
			(void) putc(' ',stderr);
		for (i = 0; i < token[t_num].start_index; i++) {
			(void) putc((input_line[i] == '\t') ? '\t' : ' ',stderr);
			}
		(void) putc('^',stderr);
		(void) putc('\n',stderr);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < sizeof(PROMPT) - 1; i++)
		(void) putc(' ',stderr);
     if (!interactive)
	  if (infile_name != NULL)
	    fprintf(stderr,"\"%s\", line %d: ", infile_name, inline_num);
	  else
	    fprintf(stderr,"line %d: ", inline_num);
     fprintf(stderr,"warning: %s\n", str);

} /* int_warn */

/* Lower-case the given string (DFK) */
/* Done in place. */
void
lower_case(s)
     char *s;
{
  register char *p = s;

  while (*p != '\0') {
    if (isupper(*p))
	 *p = tolower(*p);
    p++;
  }
}

/* Squash spaces in the given string (DFK) */
/* That is, reduce all multiple white-space chars to single spaces */
/* Done in place. */
void
squash_spaces(s)
     char *s;
{
  register char *r = s;		/* reading point */
  register char *w = s;		/* writing point */
  TBOOLEAN space = FALSE;		/* TRUE if we've already copied a space */

  for (w = r = s; *r != '\0'; r++) {
	 if (isspace(*r)) {
		/* white space; only copy if we haven't just copied a space */
		if (!space) {
		    space = TRUE;
		    *w++ = ' ';
		}				/* else ignore multiple spaces */
	 } else {
		/* non-space character; copy it and clear flag */
		*w++ = *r;
		space = FALSE;
	 }
  }
  *w = '\0';				/* null terminate string */
}


static void
parse_esc(instr)
char *instr;
{
	char *s=instr, *t=instr;

	/* the string will always get shorter, so we can do the
	 * conversion in situ
	 */

	while (*s != '\0' ) {
		if ( *s == '\\' ) {
			s++;
			if ( *s == '\\' ) {
				*t++ = '\\';
				s++;
			} else if ( *s == 'n' ) {
				*t++ = '\n';
				s++;
			} else if ( *s == 'r' ) {
				*t++ = '\r';
				s++;
			} else if ( *s == 't' ) {
				*t++ = '\t';
				s++;
                        } else if ( *s == '\"' ) {
                                *t++ = '\"';
                                s++;
			} else if ( *s >= '0' && *s <= '7' ) {
				int i,n;
				if ( sscanf(s,"%o%n",&i, &n) > 0 ) {
					*t++ = i;
					s+=n;
				} else {
				       /* int_error("illegal octal number ", c_token); */
				       *t++ = '\\';
				       *t++ = *s++;
				}
			}
		} else {
			*t++ = *s++;
		}
	}
	*t = '\0';
}