File: inet_pton.m

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/* $Id: inet_pton.c,v 1.1.1.1 2002/10/26 04:25:59 lukem Exp $ */
/* from	NetBSD: inet_pton.c,v 1.16 2000/02/07 18:51:02 itojun Exp */

/* Copyright (c) 1996 by Internet Software Consortium.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND INTERNET SOFTWARE CONSORTIUM DISCLAIMS
 * ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL INTERNET SOFTWARE
 * CONSORTIUM BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR
 * PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS
 * ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

#include "config.h"

#include <ctype.h>

#if     defined(HAVE_INTTYPES_H)
#include <inttypes.h>
#elif   defined(HAVE_STDINT_H)
#include <stdint.h>
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/param.h>

#import "GSPrivate.h"
#import "GSNetwork.h"

#if HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif

#if HAVE_ARPA_NAMESER_H
#include <arpa/nameser.h>
#endif

/*
 * WARNING: Don't even consider trying to compile this on a system where
 * sizeof(int) < 4.  sizeof(int) > 4 is fine; all the world's not a VAX.
 */

static int	inet_pton4(const char *src, uint8_t *dst, int pton);
#ifdef INET6
static int	inet_pton6(const char *src, uint8_t *dst);
#endif

/* int
 * inet_pton(af, src, dst)
 *	convert from presentation format (which usually means ASCII printable)
 *	to network format (which is usually some kind of binary format).
 * return:
 *	1 if the address was valid for the specified address family
 *	0 if the address wasn't valid (`dst' is untouched in this case)
 *	-1 if some other error occurred (`dst' is untouched in this case, too)
 * author:
 *	Paul Vixie, 1996.
 */
int
inet_pton(int af, const char *src, void *dst)
{

	switch (af) {
	case AF_INET:
		return (inet_pton4(src, dst, 1));
#ifdef INET6
	case AF_INET6:
		return (inet_pton6(src, dst));
#endif
	default:
		errno = EAFNOSUPPORT;
		return (-1);
	}
	/* NOTREACHED */
}

/* int
 * inet_pton4(src, dst, pton)
 *	when last arg is 0: inet_aton(). with hexadecimal, octal and shorthand.
 *	when last arg is 1: inet_pton(). decimal dotted-quad only.
 * return:
 *	1 if `src' is a valid input, else 0.
 * notice:
 *	does not touch `dst' unless it's returning 1.
 * author:
 *	Paul Vixie, 1996.
 */
static int
inet_pton4(const char *src, uint8_t *dst, int pton)
{
	u_int val;
	u_int digit;
	int base, n;
	unsigned char c;
	u_int parts[4];
	register u_int *pp = parts;

	c = *src;
	for (;;) {
		/*
		 * Collect number up to ``.''.
		 * Values are specified as for C:
		 * 0x=hex, 0=octal, isdigit=decimal.
		 */
		if (!isdigit(c))
			return (0);
		val = 0; base = 10;
		if (c == '0') {
			c = *++src;
			if (c == 'x' || c == 'X')
				base = 16, c = *++src;
			else if (isdigit(c) && c != '9')
				base = 8;
		}
		/* inet_pton() takes decimal only */
		if (pton && base != 10)
			return (0);
		for (;;) {
			if (isdigit(c)) {
				digit = c - '0';
				if (digit >= base)
					break;
				val = (val * base) + digit;
				c = *++src;
			} else if (base == 16 && isxdigit(c)) {
				digit = c + 10 - (islower(c) ? 'a' : 'A');
				if (digit >= 16)
					break;
				val = (val << 4) | digit;
				c = *++src;
			} else
				break;
		}
		if (c == '.') {
			/*
			 * Internet format:
			 *	a.b.c.d
			 *	a.b.c	(with c treated as 16 bits)
			 *	a.b	(with b treated as 24 bits)
			 *	a	(with a treated as 32 bits)
			 */
			if (pp >= parts + 3)
				return (0);
			*pp++ = val;
			c = *++src;
		} else
			break;
	}
	/*
	 * Check for trailing characters.
	 */
	if (c != '\0' && !isspace(c))
		return (0);
	/*
	 * Concoct the address according to
	 * the number of parts specified.
	 */
	n = pp - parts + 1;
	/* inet_pton() takes dotted-quad only.  it does not take shorthand. */
	if (pton && n != 4)
		return (0);
	switch (n) {

	case 0:
		return (0);		/* initial nondigit */

	case 1:				/* a -- 32 bits */
		break;

	case 2:				/* a.b -- 8.24 bits */
		if (parts[0] > 0xff || val > 0xffffff)
			return (0);
		val |= parts[0] << 24;
		break;

	case 3:				/* a.b.c -- 8.8.16 bits */
		if ((parts[0] | parts[1]) > 0xff || val > 0xffff)
			return (0);
		val |= (parts[0] << 24) | (parts[1] << 16);
		break;

	case 4:				/* a.b.c.d -- 8.8.8.8 bits */
		if ((parts[0] | parts[1] | parts[2] | val) > 0xff)
			return (0);
		val |= (parts[0] << 24) | (parts[1] << 16) | (parts[2] << 8);
		break;
	}
	if (dst) {
		val = htonl(val);
		memcpy(dst, &val, INADDRSZ);
	}
	return (1);
}

#ifdef INET6
/* int
 * inet_pton6(src, dst)
 *	convert presentation level address to network order binary form.
 * return:
 *	1 if `src' is a valid [RFC1884 2.2] address, else 0.
 * notice:
 *	(1) does not touch `dst' unless it's returning 1.
 *	(2) :: in a full address is silently ignored.
 * credit:
 *	inspired by Mark Andrews.
 * author:
 *	Paul Vixie, 1996.
 */
static int
inet_pton6(const char *src, uint8_t *dst)
{
	static const char xdigits_l[] = "0123456789abcdef",
			  xdigits_u[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
	uint8_t tmp[IN6ADDRSZ], *tp, *endp, *colonp;
	const char *xdigits, *curtok;
	int ch, saw_xdigit;
	u_int val;

	memset((tp = tmp), '\0', IN6ADDRSZ);
	endp = tp + IN6ADDRSZ;
	colonp = NULL;
	/* Leading :: requires some special handling. */
	if (*src == ':')
		if (*++src != ':')
			return (0);
	curtok = src;
	saw_xdigit = 0;
	val = 0;
	while ((ch = *src++) != '\0') {
		const char *pch;

		if ((pch = strchr((xdigits = xdigits_l), ch)) == NULL)
			pch = strchr((xdigits = xdigits_u), ch);
		if (pch != NULL) {
			val <<= 4;
			val |= (pch - xdigits);
			if (val > 0xffff)
				return (0);
			saw_xdigit = 1;
			continue;
		}
		if (ch == ':') {
			curtok = src;
			if (!saw_xdigit) {
				if (colonp)
					return (0);
				colonp = tp;
				continue;
			} else if (*src == '\0')
				return (0);
			if (tp + INT16SZ > endp)
				return (0);
			*tp++ = (uint8_t) (val >> 8) & 0xff;
			*tp++ = (uint8_t) val & 0xff;
			saw_xdigit = 0;
			val = 0;
			continue;
		}
		if (ch == '.' && ((tp + INADDRSZ) <= endp) &&
		    inet_pton4(curtok, tp, 1) > 0) {
			tp += INADDRSZ;
			saw_xdigit = 0;
			break;	/* '\0' was seen by inet_pton4(). */
		}
		return (0);
	}
	if (saw_xdigit) {
		if (tp + INT16SZ > endp)
			return (0);
		*tp++ = (uint8_t) (val >> 8) & 0xff;
		*tp++ = (uint8_t) val & 0xff;
	}
	if (colonp != NULL) {
		/*
		 * Since some memmove()'s erroneously fail to handle
		 * overlapping regions, we'll do the shift by hand.
		 */
		const int n = tp - colonp;
		int i;

		if (tp == endp)
			return (0);
		for (i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
			endp[- i] = colonp[n - i];
			colonp[n - i] = 0;
		}
		tp = endp;
	}
	if (tp != endp)
		return (0);
	memcpy(dst, tmp, IN6ADDRSZ);
	return (1);
}
#endif