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golang-github-jarcoal-httpmock 1.0.8-1
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# httpmock [![Build Status](https://github.com/jarcoal/httpmock/workflows/Build/badge.svg?branch=v1)](https://github.com/jarcoal/httpmock/actions?query=workflow%3ABuild) [![Coverage Status](https://coveralls.io/repos/github/jarcoal/httpmock/badge.svg?branch=v1)](https://coveralls.io/github/jarcoal/httpmock?branch=v1) [![GoDoc](https://godoc.org/github.com/jarcoal/httpmock?status.svg)](https://godoc.org/github.com/jarcoal/httpmock) [![Version](https://img.shields.io/github/tag/jarcoal/httpmock.svg)](https://github.com/jarcoal/httpmock/releases) [![Mentioned in Awesome Go](https://awesome.re/mentioned-badge.svg)](https://github.com/avelino/awesome-go/#testing)

Easy mocking of http responses from external resources.

## Install

Currently supports Go 1.7 - 1.15.

`v1` branch has to be used instead of `master`.


### Using go modules (aka. `go mod`)

In your go files, simply use:
```go
import "github.com/jarcoal/httpmock"
```

Then next `go mod tidy` or `go test` invocation will automatically
populate your `go.mod` with the last httpmock release, now
[![Version](https://img.shields.io/github/tag/jarcoal/httpmock.svg)](https://github.com/jarcoal/httpmock/releases).

Note you can use `go mod vendor` to vendor your dependencies.


### Using `$GOPATH`

`v1` branch is configured as the default branch in github, so:
```
go get github.com/jarcoal/httpmock
```

automatically downloads the `v1` branch in `$GOPATH/src`. Then in your
go files use:
```go
import "github.com/jarcoal/httpmock"
```


### Vendoring, using [`govendor`](https://github.com/kardianos/govendor) for example

When vendoring is used, `v1` branch has to be specified. Two choices here:

- preferred way:
  ```
  govendor fetch github.com/jarcoal/httpmock@v1
  ```
  then in go files:
  ```go
  import "github.com/jarcoal/httpmock"
  ```
- old way (before `v1` was set as default branch), use gopkg to read from
  `v1` branch:
  ```
  govendor fetch gopkg.in/jarcoal/httpmock.v1
  ```
  then in go files:
  ```go
  import "gopkg.in/jarcoal/httpmock.v1"
  ```


## Usage

### Simple Example:
```go
func TestFetchArticles(t *testing.T) {
  httpmock.Activate()
  defer httpmock.DeactivateAndReset()

  // Exact URL match
  httpmock.RegisterResponder("GET", "https://api.mybiz.com/articles",
    httpmock.NewStringResponder(200, `[{"id": 1, "name": "My Great Article"}]`))

  // Regexp match (could use httpmock.RegisterRegexpResponder instead)
  httpmock.RegisterResponder("GET", `=~^https://api\.mybiz\.com/articles/id/\d+\z`,
    httpmock.NewStringResponder(200, `{"id": 1, "name": "My Great Article"}`))

  // do stuff that makes a request to articles
  ...

  // get count info
  httpmock.GetTotalCallCount()

  // get the amount of calls for the registered responder
  info := httpmock.GetCallCountInfo()
  info["GET https://api.mybiz.com/articles"] // number of GET calls made to https://api.mybiz.com/articles
  info["GET https://api.mybiz.com/articles/id/12"] // number of GET calls made to https://api.mybiz.com/articles/id/12
  info[`GET =~^https://api\.mybiz\.com/articles/id/\d+\z`] // number of GET calls made to https://api.mybiz.com/articles/id/<any-number>
}
```

### Advanced Example:
```go
func TestFetchArticles(t *testing.T) {
  httpmock.Activate()
  defer httpmock.DeactivateAndReset()

  // our database of articles
  articles := make([]map[string]interface{}, 0)

  // mock to list out the articles
  httpmock.RegisterResponder("GET", "https://api.mybiz.com/articles",
    func(req *http.Request) (*http.Response, error) {
      resp, err := httpmock.NewJsonResponse(200, articles)
      if err != nil {
        return httpmock.NewStringResponse(500, ""), nil
      }
      return resp, nil
    },
  )

  // return an article related to the request with the help of regexp submatch (\d+)
  httpmock.RegisterResponder("GET", `=~^https://api\.mybiz\.com/articles/id/(\d+)\z`,
    func(req *http.Request) (*http.Response, error) {
      // Get ID from request
      id := httpmock.MustGetSubmatchAsUint(req, 1) // 1=first regexp submatch
      return httpmock.NewJsonResponse(200, map[string]interface{}{
        "id":   id,
        "name": "My Great Article",
      })
    },
  )

  // mock to add a new article
  httpmock.RegisterResponder("POST", "https://api.mybiz.com/articles",
    func(req *http.Request) (*http.Response, error) {
      article := make(map[string]interface{})
      if err := json.NewDecoder(req.Body).Decode(&article); err != nil {
        return httpmock.NewStringResponse(400, ""), nil
      }

      articles = append(articles, article)

      resp, err := httpmock.NewJsonResponse(200, article)
      if err != nil {
        return httpmock.NewStringResponse(500, ""), nil
      }
      return resp, nil
    },
  )

  // do stuff that adds and checks articles
}
```

### Algorithm

When `GET http://example.tld/some/path?b=12&a=foo&a=bar` request is
caught, all standard responders are checked against the following URL
or paths, the first match stops the search:

1. `http://example.tld/some/path?b=12&a=foo&a=bar` (original URL)
1. `http://example.tld/some/path?a=bar&a=foo&b=12` (sorted query params)
1. `http://example.tld/some/path` (without query params)
1. `/some/path?b=12&a=foo&a=bar` (original URL without scheme and host)
1. `/some/path?a=bar&a=foo&b=12` (same, but sorted query params)
1. `/some/path` (path only)

If no standard responder matched, the regexp responders are checked,
in the same order, the first match stops the search.


### [Ginkgo](https://onsi.github.io/ginkgo/) Example:
```go
// article_suite_test.go

import (
  // ...
  "github.com/jarcoal/httpmock"
)
// ...
var _ = BeforeSuite(func() {
  // block all HTTP requests
  httpmock.Activate()
})

var _ = BeforeEach(func() {
  // remove any mocks
  httpmock.Reset()
})

var _ = AfterSuite(func() {
  httpmock.DeactivateAndReset()
})


// article_test.go

import (
  // ...
  "github.com/jarcoal/httpmock"
)

var _ = Describe("Articles", func() {
  It("returns a list of articles", func() {
    httpmock.RegisterResponder("GET", "https://api.mybiz.com/articles.json",
      httpmock.NewStringResponder(200, `[{"id": 1, "name": "My Great Article"}]`))

    // do stuff that makes a request to articles.json
  })
})
```

### [Ginkgo](https://onsi.github.io/ginkgo/) + [Resty](https://github.com/go-resty/resty) Example:
```go
// article_suite_test.go

import (
  // ...
  "github.com/jarcoal/httpmock"
  "github.com/go-resty/resty"
)
// ...
var _ = BeforeSuite(func() {
  // block all HTTP requests
  httpmock.ActivateNonDefault(resty.DefaultClient.GetClient())
})

var _ = BeforeEach(func() {
  // remove any mocks
  httpmock.Reset()
})

var _ = AfterSuite(func() {
  httpmock.DeactivateAndReset()
})


// article_test.go

import (
  // ...
  "github.com/jarcoal/httpmock"
  "github.com/go-resty/resty"
)

var _ = Describe("Articles", func() {
  It("returns a list of articles", func() {
    fixture := `{"status":{"message": "Your message", "code": 200}}`
    responder := httpmock.NewStringResponder(200, fixture)
    fakeUrl := "https://api.mybiz.com/articles.json"
    httpmock.RegisterResponder("GET", fakeUrl, responder)

    // fetch the article into struct
    articleObject := &models.Article{}
    _, err := resty.R().SetResult(articleObject).Get(fakeUrl)

    // do stuff with the article object ...
  })
})
```