File: dialect_postgres.go

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package gorm

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"fmt"
	"reflect"
	"strings"
	"time"
)

type postgres struct {
	commonDialect
}

func init() {
	RegisterDialect("postgres", &postgres{})
	RegisterDialect("cloudsqlpostgres", &postgres{})
}

func (postgres) GetName() string {
	return "postgres"
}

func (postgres) BindVar(i int) string {
	return fmt.Sprintf("$%v", i)
}

func (s *postgres) DataTypeOf(field *StructField) string {
	var dataValue, sqlType, size, additionalType = ParseFieldStructForDialect(field, s)

	if sqlType == "" {
		switch dataValue.Kind() {
		case reflect.Bool:
			sqlType = "boolean"
		case reflect.Int, reflect.Int8, reflect.Int16, reflect.Int32, reflect.Uint, reflect.Uint8, reflect.Uint16, reflect.Uintptr:
			if s.fieldCanAutoIncrement(field) {
				field.TagSettings["AUTO_INCREMENT"] = "AUTO_INCREMENT"
				sqlType = "serial"
			} else {
				sqlType = "integer"
			}
		case reflect.Int64, reflect.Uint32, reflect.Uint64:
			if s.fieldCanAutoIncrement(field) {
				field.TagSettings["AUTO_INCREMENT"] = "AUTO_INCREMENT"
				sqlType = "bigserial"
			} else {
				sqlType = "bigint"
			}
		case reflect.Float32, reflect.Float64:
			sqlType = "numeric"
		case reflect.String:
			if _, ok := field.TagSettings["SIZE"]; !ok {
				size = 0 // if SIZE haven't been set, use `text` as the default type, as there are no performance different
			}

			if size > 0 && size < 65532 {
				sqlType = fmt.Sprintf("varchar(%d)", size)
			} else {
				sqlType = "text"
			}
		case reflect.Struct:
			if _, ok := dataValue.Interface().(time.Time); ok {
				sqlType = "timestamp with time zone"
			}
		case reflect.Map:
			if dataValue.Type().Name() == "Hstore" {
				sqlType = "hstore"
			}
		default:
			if IsByteArrayOrSlice(dataValue) {
				sqlType = "bytea"

				if isUUID(dataValue) {
					sqlType = "uuid"
				}

				if isJSON(dataValue) {
					sqlType = "jsonb"
				}
			}
		}
	}

	if sqlType == "" {
		panic(fmt.Sprintf("invalid sql type %s (%s) for postgres", dataValue.Type().Name(), dataValue.Kind().String()))
	}

	if strings.TrimSpace(additionalType) == "" {
		return sqlType
	}
	return fmt.Sprintf("%v %v", sqlType, additionalType)
}

func (s postgres) HasIndex(tableName string, indexName string) bool {
	var count int
	s.db.QueryRow("SELECT count(*) FROM pg_indexes WHERE tablename = $1 AND indexname = $2 AND schemaname = CURRENT_SCHEMA()", tableName, indexName).Scan(&count)
	return count > 0
}

func (s postgres) HasForeignKey(tableName string, foreignKeyName string) bool {
	var count int
	s.db.QueryRow("SELECT count(con.conname) FROM pg_constraint con WHERE $1::regclass::oid = con.conrelid AND con.conname = $2 AND con.contype='f'", tableName, foreignKeyName).Scan(&count)
	return count > 0
}

func (s postgres) HasTable(tableName string) bool {
	var count int
	s.db.QueryRow("SELECT count(*) FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.tables WHERE table_name = $1 AND table_type = 'BASE TABLE' AND table_schema = CURRENT_SCHEMA()", tableName).Scan(&count)
	return count > 0
}

func (s postgres) HasColumn(tableName string, columnName string) bool {
	var count int
	s.db.QueryRow("SELECT count(*) FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.columns WHERE table_name = $1 AND column_name = $2 AND table_schema = CURRENT_SCHEMA()", tableName, columnName).Scan(&count)
	return count > 0
}

func (s postgres) CurrentDatabase() (name string) {
	s.db.QueryRow("SELECT CURRENT_DATABASE()").Scan(&name)
	return
}

func (s postgres) LastInsertIDReturningSuffix(tableName, key string) string {
	return fmt.Sprintf("RETURNING %v.%v", tableName, key)
}

func (postgres) SupportLastInsertID() bool {
	return false
}

func isUUID(value reflect.Value) bool {
	if value.Kind() != reflect.Array || value.Type().Len() != 16 {
		return false
	}
	typename := value.Type().Name()
	lower := strings.ToLower(typename)
	return "uuid" == lower || "guid" == lower
}

func isJSON(value reflect.Value) bool {
	_, ok := value.Interface().(json.RawMessage)
	return ok
}