File: example_test.go

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// Copyright 2014 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

package qtls_test

import (
	"crypto/tls"
	"crypto/x509"
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"net/http/httptest"
	"os"
	"time"
)

// zeroSource is an io.Reader that returns an unlimited number of zero bytes.
type zeroSource struct{}

func (zeroSource) Read(b []byte) (n int, err error) {
	for i := range b {
		b[i] = 0
	}

	return len(b), nil
}

func ExampleDial() {
	// Connecting with a custom root-certificate set.

	const rootPEM = `
-- GlobalSign Root R2, valid until Dec 15, 2021
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----`

	// First, create the set of root certificates. For this example we only
	// have one. It's also possible to omit this in order to use the
	// default root set of the current operating system.
	roots := x509.NewCertPool()
	ok := roots.AppendCertsFromPEM([]byte(rootPEM))
	if !ok {
		panic("failed to parse root certificate")
	}

	conn, err := tls.Dial("tcp", "mail.google.com:443", &tls.Config{
		RootCAs: roots,
	})
	if err != nil {
		panic("failed to connect: " + err.Error())
	}
	conn.Close()
}

func ExampleConfig_keyLogWriter() {
	// Debugging TLS applications by decrypting a network traffic capture.

	// WARNING: Use of KeyLogWriter compromises security and should only be
	// used for debugging.

	// Dummy test HTTP server for the example with insecure random so output is
	// reproducible.
	server := httptest.NewUnstartedServer(http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {}))
	server.TLS = &tls.Config{
		Rand: zeroSource{}, // for example only; don't do this.
	}
	server.StartTLS()
	defer server.Close()

	// Typically the log would go to an open file:
	// w, err := os.OpenFile("tls-secrets.txt", os.O_WRONLY|os.O_CREATE|os.O_TRUNC, 0600)
	w := os.Stdout

	client := &http.Client{
		Transport: &http.Transport{
			TLSClientConfig: &tls.Config{
				KeyLogWriter: w,

				Rand:               zeroSource{}, // for reproducible output; don't do this.
				InsecureSkipVerify: true,         // test server certificate is not trusted.
			},
		},
	}
	resp, err := client.Get(server.URL)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to get URL: %v", err)
	}
	resp.Body.Close()

	// The resulting file can be used with Wireshark to decrypt the TLS
	// connection by setting (Pre)-Master-Secret log filename in SSL Protocol
	// preferences.
}

func ExampleLoadX509KeyPair() {
	cert, err := tls.LoadX509KeyPair("testdata/example-cert.pem", "testdata/example-key.pem")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	cfg := &tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}}
	listener, err := tls.Listen("tcp", ":2000", cfg)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	_ = listener
}

func ExampleX509KeyPair() {
	certPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----`)
	keyPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY-----
MHcCAQEEIIrYSSNQFaA2Hwf1duRSxKtLYX5CB04fSeQ6tF1aY/PuoAoGCCqGSM49
AwEHoUQDQgAEPR3tU2Fta9ktY+6P9G0cWO+0kETA6SFs38GecTyudlHz6xvCdz8q
EKTcWGekdmdDPsHloRNtsiCa697B2O9IFA==
-----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----`)
	cert, err := tls.X509KeyPair(certPem, keyPem)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	cfg := &tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}}
	listener, err := tls.Listen("tcp", ":2000", cfg)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	_ = listener
}

func ExampleX509KeyPair_httpServer() {
	certPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----`)
	keyPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY-----
MHcCAQEEIIrYSSNQFaA2Hwf1duRSxKtLYX5CB04fSeQ6tF1aY/PuoAoGCCqGSM49
AwEHoUQDQgAEPR3tU2Fta9ktY+6P9G0cWO+0kETA6SFs38GecTyudlHz6xvCdz8q
EKTcWGekdmdDPsHloRNtsiCa697B2O9IFA==
-----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----`)
	cert, err := tls.X509KeyPair(certPem, keyPem)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	cfg := &tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}}
	srv := &http.Server{
		TLSConfig:    cfg,
		ReadTimeout:  time.Minute,
		WriteTimeout: time.Minute,
	}
	log.Fatal(srv.ListenAndServeTLS("", ""))
}

func ExampleConfig_verifyConnection() {
	// VerifyConnection can be used to replace and customize connection
	// verification. This example shows a VerifyConnection implementation that
	// will be approximately equivalent to what crypto/tls does normally to
	// verify the peer's certificate.

	// Client side configuration.
	_ = &tls.Config{
		// Set InsecureSkipVerify to skip the default validation we are
		// replacing. This will not disable VerifyConnection.
		InsecureSkipVerify: true,
		VerifyConnection: func(cs tls.ConnectionState) error {
			opts := x509.VerifyOptions{
				DNSName:       cs.ServerName,
				Intermediates: x509.NewCertPool(),
			}
			for _, cert := range cs.PeerCertificates[1:] {
				opts.Intermediates.AddCert(cert)
			}
			_, err := cs.PeerCertificates[0].Verify(opts)
			return err
		},
	}

	// Server side configuration.
	_ = &tls.Config{
		// Require client certificates (or VerifyConnection will run anyway and
		// panic accessing cs.PeerCertificates[0]) but don't verify them with the
		// default verifier. This will not disable VerifyConnection.
		ClientAuth: tls.RequireAnyClientCert,
		VerifyConnection: func(cs tls.ConnectionState) error {
			opts := x509.VerifyOptions{
				DNSName:       cs.ServerName,
				Intermediates: x509.NewCertPool(),
				KeyUsages:     []x509.ExtKeyUsage{x509.ExtKeyUsageClientAuth},
			}
			for _, cert := range cs.PeerCertificates[1:] {
				opts.Intermediates.AddCert(cert)
			}
			_, err := cs.PeerCertificates[0].Verify(opts)
			return err
		},
	}

	// Note that when certificates are not handled by the default verifier
	// ConnectionState.VerifiedChains will be nil.
}