File: handshake_client.go

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golang-github-marten-seemann-qtls-go1-15 0.1.1-2
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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

package qtls

import (
	"bytes"
	"crypto"
	"crypto/ecdsa"
	"crypto/ed25519"
	"crypto/rsa"
	"crypto/subtle"
	"crypto/x509"
	"errors"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"net"
	"strings"
	"sync/atomic"
	"time"

	"golang.org/x/crypto/cryptobyte"
)

const clientSessionStateVersion = 1

type clientHandshakeState struct {
	c            *Conn
	serverHello  *serverHelloMsg
	hello        *clientHelloMsg
	suite        *cipherSuite
	finishedHash finishedHash
	masterSecret []byte
	session      *clientSessionState
}

func (c *Conn) makeClientHello() (*clientHelloMsg, ecdheParameters, error) {
	config := c.config
	if len(config.ServerName) == 0 && !config.InsecureSkipVerify {
		return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: either ServerName or InsecureSkipVerify must be specified in the tls.Config")
	}

	nextProtosLength := 0
	for _, proto := range config.NextProtos {
		if l := len(proto); l == 0 || l > 255 {
			return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: invalid NextProtos value")
		} else {
			nextProtosLength += 1 + l
		}
	}
	if nextProtosLength > 0xffff {
		return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: NextProtos values too large")
	}

	var supportedVersions []uint16
	var clientHelloVersion uint16
	if c.extraConfig.usesAlternativeRecordLayer() {
		if config.maxSupportedVersion() < VersionTLS13 {
			return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: MaxVersion prevents QUIC from using TLS 1.3")
		}
		// Only offer TLS 1.3 when QUIC is used.
		supportedVersions = []uint16{VersionTLS13}
		clientHelloVersion = VersionTLS13
	} else {
		supportedVersions = config.supportedVersions()
		if len(supportedVersions) == 0 {
			return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: no supported versions satisfy MinVersion and MaxVersion")
		}
		clientHelloVersion = config.maxSupportedVersion()
	}

	// The version at the beginning of the ClientHello was capped at TLS 1.2
	// for compatibility reasons. The supported_versions extension is used
	// to negotiate versions now. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.1.
	if clientHelloVersion > VersionTLS12 {
		clientHelloVersion = VersionTLS12
	}

	hello := &clientHelloMsg{
		vers:                         clientHelloVersion,
		compressionMethods:           []uint8{compressionNone},
		random:                       make([]byte, 32),
		ocspStapling:                 true,
		scts:                         true,
		serverName:                   hostnameInSNI(config.ServerName),
		supportedCurves:              config.curvePreferences(),
		supportedPoints:              []uint8{pointFormatUncompressed},
		secureRenegotiationSupported: true,
		alpnProtocols:                config.NextProtos,
		supportedVersions:            supportedVersions,
	}

	if c.handshakes > 0 {
		hello.secureRenegotiation = c.clientFinished[:]
	}

	possibleCipherSuites := config.cipherSuites()
	hello.cipherSuites = make([]uint16, 0, len(possibleCipherSuites))

	// add non-TLS 1.3 cipher suites
	if c.config.MinVersion <= VersionTLS12 {
		for _, suiteId := range possibleCipherSuites {
			for _, suite := range cipherSuites {
				if suite.id != suiteId {
					continue
				}
				// Don't advertise TLS 1.2-only cipher suites unless
				// we're attempting TLS 1.2.
				if hello.vers < VersionTLS12 && suite.flags&suiteTLS12 != 0 {
					break
				}
				hello.cipherSuites = append(hello.cipherSuites, suiteId)
				break
			}
		}
	}

	_, err := io.ReadFull(config.rand(), hello.random)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: short read from Rand: " + err.Error())
	}

	// A random session ID is used to detect when the server accepted a ticket
	// and is resuming a session (see RFC 5077). In TLS 1.3, it's always set as
	// a compatibility measure (see RFC 8446, Section 4.1.2).
	if c.extraConfig == nil || c.extraConfig.AlternativeRecordLayer == nil {
		hello.sessionId = make([]byte, 32)
		if _, err := io.ReadFull(config.rand(), hello.sessionId); err != nil {
			return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: short read from Rand: " + err.Error())
		}
	}

	if hello.vers >= VersionTLS12 {
		hello.supportedSignatureAlgorithms = supportedSignatureAlgorithms
	}

	var params ecdheParameters
	if hello.supportedVersions[0] == VersionTLS13 {
		var hasTLS13CipherSuite bool
		// add TLS 1.3 cipher suites
		for _, suiteID := range possibleCipherSuites {
			for _, suite := range cipherSuitesTLS13 {
				if suite.id == suiteID {
					hasTLS13CipherSuite = true
					hello.cipherSuites = append(hello.cipherSuites, suiteID)
				}
			}
		}
		if !hasTLS13CipherSuite {
			hello.cipherSuites = append(hello.cipherSuites, defaultCipherSuitesTLS13()...)
		}

		curveID := config.curvePreferences()[0]
		if _, ok := curveForCurveID(curveID); curveID != X25519 && !ok {
			return nil, nil, errors.New("tls: CurvePreferences includes unsupported curve")
		}
		params, err = generateECDHEParameters(config.rand(), curveID)
		if err != nil {
			return nil, nil, err
		}
		hello.keyShares = []keyShare{{group: curveID, data: params.PublicKey()}}
	}

	if hello.supportedVersions[0] == VersionTLS13 && c.extraConfig != nil && c.extraConfig.GetExtensions != nil {
		hello.additionalExtensions = c.extraConfig.GetExtensions(typeClientHello)
	}

	return hello, params, nil
}

func (c *Conn) clientHandshake() (err error) {
	if c.config == nil {
		c.config = fromConfig(defaultConfig())
	}
	c.setAlternativeRecordLayer()

	// This may be a renegotiation handshake, in which case some fields
	// need to be reset.
	c.didResume = false

	hello, ecdheParams, err := c.makeClientHello()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	c.serverName = hello.serverName

	cacheKey, session, earlySecret, binderKey := c.loadSession(hello)
	if cacheKey != "" && session != nil {
		var deletedTicket bool
		if session.vers == VersionTLS13 && hello.earlyData && c.extraConfig != nil && c.extraConfig.Enable0RTT {
			// don't reuse a session ticket that enabled 0-RTT
			c.config.ClientSessionCache.Put(cacheKey, nil)
			deletedTicket = true

			if suite := cipherSuiteTLS13ByID(session.cipherSuite); suite != nil {
				h := suite.hash.New()
				h.Write(hello.marshal())
				clientEarlySecret := suite.deriveSecret(earlySecret, "c e traffic", h)
				c.out.exportKey(Encryption0RTT, suite, clientEarlySecret)
				if err := c.config.writeKeyLog(keyLogLabelEarlyTraffic, hello.random, clientEarlySecret); err != nil {
					c.sendAlert(alertInternalError)
					return err
				}
			}
		}
		if !deletedTicket {
			defer func() {
				// If we got a handshake failure when resuming a session, throw away
				// the session ticket. See RFC 5077, Section 3.2.
				//
				// RFC 8446 makes no mention of dropping tickets on failure, but it
				// does require servers to abort on invalid binders, so we need to
				// delete tickets to recover from a corrupted PSK.
				if err != nil {
					c.config.ClientSessionCache.Put(cacheKey, nil)
				}
			}()
		}
	}

	if _, err := c.writeRecord(recordTypeHandshake, hello.marshal()); err != nil {
		return err
	}

	msg, err := c.readHandshake()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	serverHello, ok := msg.(*serverHelloMsg)
	if !ok {
		c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
		return unexpectedMessageError(serverHello, msg)
	}

	if err := c.pickTLSVersion(serverHello); err != nil {
		return err
	}

	// If we are negotiating a protocol version that's lower than what we
	// support, check for the server downgrade canaries.
	// See RFC 8446, Section 4.1.3.
	maxVers := c.config.maxSupportedVersion()
	tls12Downgrade := string(serverHello.random[24:]) == downgradeCanaryTLS12
	tls11Downgrade := string(serverHello.random[24:]) == downgradeCanaryTLS11
	if maxVers == VersionTLS13 && c.vers <= VersionTLS12 && (tls12Downgrade || tls11Downgrade) ||
		maxVers == VersionTLS12 && c.vers <= VersionTLS11 && tls11Downgrade {
		c.sendAlert(alertIllegalParameter)
		return errors.New("tls: downgrade attempt detected, possibly due to a MitM attack or a broken middlebox")
	}

	if c.vers == VersionTLS13 {
		hs := &clientHandshakeStateTLS13{
			c:           c,
			serverHello: serverHello,
			hello:       hello,
			ecdheParams: ecdheParams,
			session:     session,
			earlySecret: earlySecret,
			binderKey:   binderKey,
		}

		// In TLS 1.3, session tickets are delivered after the handshake.
		return hs.handshake()
	}

	hs := &clientHandshakeState{
		c:           c,
		serverHello: serverHello,
		hello:       hello,
		session:     session,
	}

	if err := hs.handshake(); err != nil {
		return err
	}

	// If we had a successful handshake and hs.session is different from
	// the one already cached - cache a new one.
	if cacheKey != "" && hs.session != nil && session != hs.session {
		c.config.ClientSessionCache.Put(cacheKey, toClientSessionState(hs.session))
	}

	return nil
}

// extract the app data saved in the session.nonce,
// and set the session.nonce to the actual nonce value
func (c *Conn) decodeSessionState(session *clientSessionState) (uint32 /* max early data */, []byte /* app data */, bool /* ok */) {
	s := cryptobyte.String(session.nonce)
	var version uint16
	if !s.ReadUint16(&version) {
		return 0, nil, false
	}
	if version != clientSessionStateVersion {
		return 0, nil, false
	}
	var maxEarlyData uint32
	if !s.ReadUint32(&maxEarlyData) {
		return 0, nil, false
	}
	var appData []byte
	if !readUint16LengthPrefixed(&s, &appData) {
		return 0, nil, false
	}
	var nonce []byte
	if !readUint16LengthPrefixed(&s, &nonce) {
		return 0, nil, false
	}
	session.nonce = nonce
	return maxEarlyData, appData, true
}

func (c *Conn) loadSession(hello *clientHelloMsg) (cacheKey string,
	session *clientSessionState, earlySecret, binderKey []byte) {
	if c.config.SessionTicketsDisabled || c.config.ClientSessionCache == nil {
		return "", nil, nil, nil
	}

	hello.ticketSupported = true

	if hello.supportedVersions[0] == VersionTLS13 {
		// Require DHE on resumption as it guarantees forward secrecy against
		// compromise of the session ticket key. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.9.
		hello.pskModes = []uint8{pskModeDHE}
	}

	// Session resumption is not allowed if renegotiating because
	// renegotiation is primarily used to allow a client to send a client
	// certificate, which would be skipped if session resumption occurred.
	if c.handshakes != 0 {
		return "", nil, nil, nil
	}

	// Try to resume a previously negotiated TLS session, if available.
	cacheKey = clientSessionCacheKey(c.conn.RemoteAddr(), c.config)
	sess, ok := c.config.ClientSessionCache.Get(cacheKey)
	if !ok || sess == nil {
		return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
	}
	session = fromClientSessionState(sess)

	var appData []byte
	var maxEarlyData uint32
	if session.vers == VersionTLS13 {
		var ok bool
		maxEarlyData, appData, ok = c.decodeSessionState(session)
		if !ok { // delete it, if parsing failed
			c.config.ClientSessionCache.Put(cacheKey, nil)
			return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
		}
	}

	// Check that version used for the previous session is still valid.
	versOk := false
	for _, v := range hello.supportedVersions {
		if v == session.vers {
			versOk = true
			break
		}
	}
	if !versOk {
		return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
	}

	// Check that the cached server certificate is not expired, and that it's
	// valid for the ServerName. This should be ensured by the cache key, but
	// protect the application from a faulty ClientSessionCache implementation.
	if !c.config.InsecureSkipVerify {
		if len(session.verifiedChains) == 0 {
			// The original connection had InsecureSkipVerify, while this doesn't.
			return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
		}
		serverCert := session.serverCertificates[0]
		if c.config.time().After(serverCert.NotAfter) {
			// Expired certificate, delete the entry.
			c.config.ClientSessionCache.Put(cacheKey, nil)
			return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
		}
		if err := serverCert.VerifyHostname(c.config.ServerName); err != nil {
			return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
		}
	}

	if session.vers != VersionTLS13 {
		// In TLS 1.2 the cipher suite must match the resumed session. Ensure we
		// are still offering it.
		if mutualCipherSuite(hello.cipherSuites, session.cipherSuite) == nil {
			return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
		}

		hello.sessionTicket = session.sessionTicket
		return
	}

	// Check that the session ticket is not expired.
	if c.config.time().After(session.useBy) {
		c.config.ClientSessionCache.Put(cacheKey, nil)
		return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
	}

	// In TLS 1.3 the KDF hash must match the resumed session. Ensure we
	// offer at least one cipher suite with that hash.
	cipherSuite := cipherSuiteTLS13ByID(session.cipherSuite)
	if cipherSuite == nil {
		return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
	}
	cipherSuiteOk := false
	for _, offeredID := range hello.cipherSuites {
		offeredSuite := cipherSuiteTLS13ByID(offeredID)
		if offeredSuite != nil && offeredSuite.hash == cipherSuite.hash {
			cipherSuiteOk = true
			break
		}
	}
	if !cipherSuiteOk {
		return cacheKey, nil, nil, nil
	}

	// Set the pre_shared_key extension. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.11.1.
	ticketAge := uint32(c.config.time().Sub(session.receivedAt) / time.Millisecond)
	identity := pskIdentity{
		label:               session.sessionTicket,
		obfuscatedTicketAge: ticketAge + session.ageAdd,
	}
	hello.pskIdentities = []pskIdentity{identity}
	hello.pskBinders = [][]byte{make([]byte, cipherSuite.hash.Size())}

	// Compute the PSK binders. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.11.2.
	psk := cipherSuite.expandLabel(session.masterSecret, "resumption",
		session.nonce, cipherSuite.hash.Size())
	earlySecret = cipherSuite.extract(psk, nil)
	binderKey = cipherSuite.deriveSecret(earlySecret, resumptionBinderLabel, nil)
	if c.extraConfig != nil {
		hello.earlyData = c.extraConfig.Enable0RTT && maxEarlyData > 0
	}
	transcript := cipherSuite.hash.New()
	transcript.Write(hello.marshalWithoutBinders())
	pskBinders := [][]byte{cipherSuite.finishedHash(binderKey, transcript)}
	hello.updateBinders(pskBinders)

	if session.vers == VersionTLS13 && c.extraConfig != nil && c.extraConfig.SetAppDataFromSessionState != nil {
		c.extraConfig.SetAppDataFromSessionState(appData)
	}
	return
}

func (c *Conn) pickTLSVersion(serverHello *serverHelloMsg) error {
	peerVersion := serverHello.vers
	if serverHello.supportedVersion != 0 {
		peerVersion = serverHello.supportedVersion
	}

	vers, ok := c.config.mutualVersion([]uint16{peerVersion})
	if !ok {
		c.sendAlert(alertProtocolVersion)
		return fmt.Errorf("tls: server selected unsupported protocol version %x", peerVersion)
	}

	c.vers = vers
	c.haveVers = true
	c.in.version = vers
	c.out.version = vers

	return nil
}

// Does the handshake, either a full one or resumes old session. Requires hs.c,
// hs.hello, hs.serverHello, and, optionally, hs.session to be set.
func (hs *clientHandshakeState) handshake() error {
	c := hs.c

	isResume, err := hs.processServerHello()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	hs.finishedHash = newFinishedHash(c.vers, hs.suite)

	// No signatures of the handshake are needed in a resumption.
	// Otherwise, in a full handshake, if we don't have any certificates
	// configured then we will never send a CertificateVerify message and
	// thus no signatures are needed in that case either.
	if isResume || (len(c.config.Certificates) == 0 && c.config.GetClientCertificate == nil) {
		hs.finishedHash.discardHandshakeBuffer()
	}

	hs.finishedHash.Write(hs.hello.marshal())
	hs.finishedHash.Write(hs.serverHello.marshal())

	c.buffering = true
	c.didResume = isResume
	if isResume {
		if err := hs.establishKeys(); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err := hs.readSessionTicket(); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err := hs.readFinished(c.serverFinished[:]); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		c.clientFinishedIsFirst = false
		// Make sure the connection is still being verified whether or not this
		// is a resumption. Resumptions currently don't reverify certificates so
		// they don't call verifyServerCertificate. See Issue 31641.
		if c.config.VerifyConnection != nil {
			if err := c.config.VerifyConnection(c.connectionStateLocked()); err != nil {
				c.sendAlert(alertBadCertificate)
				return err
			}
		}
		if err := hs.sendFinished(c.clientFinished[:]); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if _, err := c.flush(); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	} else {
		if err := hs.doFullHandshake(); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err := hs.establishKeys(); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err := hs.sendFinished(c.clientFinished[:]); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if _, err := c.flush(); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		c.clientFinishedIsFirst = true
		if err := hs.readSessionTicket(); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if err := hs.readFinished(c.serverFinished[:]); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	c.ekm = ekmFromMasterSecret(c.vers, hs.suite, hs.masterSecret, hs.hello.random, hs.serverHello.random)
	atomic.StoreUint32(&c.handshakeStatus, 1)

	return nil
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) pickCipherSuite() error {
	if hs.suite = mutualCipherSuite(hs.hello.cipherSuites, hs.serverHello.cipherSuite); hs.suite == nil {
		hs.c.sendAlert(alertHandshakeFailure)
		return errors.New("tls: server chose an unconfigured cipher suite")
	}

	hs.c.cipherSuite = hs.suite.id
	return nil
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) doFullHandshake() error {
	c := hs.c

	msg, err := c.readHandshake()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	certMsg, ok := msg.(*certificateMsg)
	if !ok || len(certMsg.certificates) == 0 {
		c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
		return unexpectedMessageError(certMsg, msg)
	}
	hs.finishedHash.Write(certMsg.marshal())

	msg, err = c.readHandshake()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	cs, ok := msg.(*certificateStatusMsg)
	if ok {
		// RFC4366 on Certificate Status Request:
		// The server MAY return a "certificate_status" message.

		if !hs.serverHello.ocspStapling {
			// If a server returns a "CertificateStatus" message, then the
			// server MUST have included an extension of type "status_request"
			// with empty "extension_data" in the extended server hello.

			c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
			return errors.New("tls: received unexpected CertificateStatus message")
		}
		hs.finishedHash.Write(cs.marshal())

		c.ocspResponse = cs.response

		msg, err = c.readHandshake()
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	if c.handshakes == 0 {
		// If this is the first handshake on a connection, process and
		// (optionally) verify the server's certificates.
		if err := c.verifyServerCertificate(certMsg.certificates); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	} else {
		// This is a renegotiation handshake. We require that the
		// server's identity (i.e. leaf certificate) is unchanged and
		// thus any previous trust decision is still valid.
		//
		// See https://mitls.org/pages/attacks/3SHAKE for the
		// motivation behind this requirement.
		if !bytes.Equal(c.peerCertificates[0].Raw, certMsg.certificates[0]) {
			c.sendAlert(alertBadCertificate)
			return errors.New("tls: server's identity changed during renegotiation")
		}
	}

	keyAgreement := hs.suite.ka(c.vers)

	skx, ok := msg.(*serverKeyExchangeMsg)
	if ok {
		hs.finishedHash.Write(skx.marshal())
		err = keyAgreement.processServerKeyExchange(c.config, hs.hello, hs.serverHello, c.peerCertificates[0], skx)
		if err != nil {
			c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
			return err
		}

		msg, err = c.readHandshake()
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	var chainToSend *Certificate
	var certRequested bool
	certReq, ok := msg.(*certificateRequestMsg)
	if ok {
		certRequested = true
		hs.finishedHash.Write(certReq.marshal())

		cri := certificateRequestInfoFromMsg(c.vers, certReq)
		if chainToSend, err = c.getClientCertificate(cri); err != nil {
			c.sendAlert(alertInternalError)
			return err
		}

		msg, err = c.readHandshake()
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	shd, ok := msg.(*serverHelloDoneMsg)
	if !ok {
		c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
		return unexpectedMessageError(shd, msg)
	}
	hs.finishedHash.Write(shd.marshal())

	// If the server requested a certificate then we have to send a
	// Certificate message, even if it's empty because we don't have a
	// certificate to send.
	if certRequested {
		certMsg = new(certificateMsg)
		certMsg.certificates = chainToSend.Certificate
		hs.finishedHash.Write(certMsg.marshal())
		if _, err := c.writeRecord(recordTypeHandshake, certMsg.marshal()); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	preMasterSecret, ckx, err := keyAgreement.generateClientKeyExchange(c.config, hs.hello, c.peerCertificates[0])
	if err != nil {
		c.sendAlert(alertInternalError)
		return err
	}
	if ckx != nil {
		hs.finishedHash.Write(ckx.marshal())
		if _, err := c.writeRecord(recordTypeHandshake, ckx.marshal()); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	if chainToSend != nil && len(chainToSend.Certificate) > 0 {
		certVerify := &certificateVerifyMsg{}

		key, ok := chainToSend.PrivateKey.(crypto.Signer)
		if !ok {
			c.sendAlert(alertInternalError)
			return fmt.Errorf("tls: client certificate private key of type %T does not implement crypto.Signer", chainToSend.PrivateKey)
		}

		var sigType uint8
		var sigHash crypto.Hash
		if c.vers >= VersionTLS12 {
			signatureAlgorithm, err := selectSignatureScheme(c.vers, chainToSend, certReq.supportedSignatureAlgorithms)
			if err != nil {
				c.sendAlert(alertIllegalParameter)
				return err
			}
			sigType, sigHash, err = typeAndHashFromSignatureScheme(signatureAlgorithm)
			if err != nil {
				return c.sendAlert(alertInternalError)
			}
			certVerify.hasSignatureAlgorithm = true
			certVerify.signatureAlgorithm = signatureAlgorithm
		} else {
			sigType, sigHash, err = legacyTypeAndHashFromPublicKey(key.Public())
			if err != nil {
				c.sendAlert(alertIllegalParameter)
				return err
			}
		}

		signed := hs.finishedHash.hashForClientCertificate(sigType, sigHash, hs.masterSecret)
		signOpts := crypto.SignerOpts(sigHash)
		if sigType == signatureRSAPSS {
			signOpts = &rsa.PSSOptions{SaltLength: rsa.PSSSaltLengthEqualsHash, Hash: sigHash}
		}
		certVerify.signature, err = key.Sign(c.config.rand(), signed, signOpts)
		if err != nil {
			c.sendAlert(alertInternalError)
			return err
		}

		hs.finishedHash.Write(certVerify.marshal())
		if _, err := c.writeRecord(recordTypeHandshake, certVerify.marshal()); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	hs.masterSecret = masterFromPreMasterSecret(c.vers, hs.suite, preMasterSecret, hs.hello.random, hs.serverHello.random)
	if err := c.config.writeKeyLog(keyLogLabelTLS12, hs.hello.random, hs.masterSecret); err != nil {
		c.sendAlert(alertInternalError)
		return errors.New("tls: failed to write to key log: " + err.Error())
	}

	hs.finishedHash.discardHandshakeBuffer()

	return nil
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) establishKeys() error {
	c := hs.c

	clientMAC, serverMAC, clientKey, serverKey, clientIV, serverIV :=
		keysFromMasterSecret(c.vers, hs.suite, hs.masterSecret, hs.hello.random, hs.serverHello.random, hs.suite.macLen, hs.suite.keyLen, hs.suite.ivLen)
	var clientCipher, serverCipher interface{}
	var clientHash, serverHash macFunction
	if hs.suite.cipher != nil {
		clientCipher = hs.suite.cipher(clientKey, clientIV, false /* not for reading */)
		clientHash = hs.suite.mac(c.vers, clientMAC)
		serverCipher = hs.suite.cipher(serverKey, serverIV, true /* for reading */)
		serverHash = hs.suite.mac(c.vers, serverMAC)
	} else {
		clientCipher = hs.suite.aead(clientKey, clientIV)
		serverCipher = hs.suite.aead(serverKey, serverIV)
	}

	c.in.prepareCipherSpec(c.vers, serverCipher, serverHash)
	c.out.prepareCipherSpec(c.vers, clientCipher, clientHash)
	return nil
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) serverResumedSession() bool {
	// If the server responded with the same sessionId then it means the
	// sessionTicket is being used to resume a TLS session.
	return hs.session != nil && hs.hello.sessionId != nil &&
		bytes.Equal(hs.serverHello.sessionId, hs.hello.sessionId)
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) processServerHello() (bool, error) {
	c := hs.c

	if err := hs.pickCipherSuite(); err != nil {
		return false, err
	}

	if hs.serverHello.compressionMethod != compressionNone {
		c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
		return false, errors.New("tls: server selected unsupported compression format")
	}

	if c.handshakes == 0 && hs.serverHello.secureRenegotiationSupported {
		c.secureRenegotiation = true
		if len(hs.serverHello.secureRenegotiation) != 0 {
			c.sendAlert(alertHandshakeFailure)
			return false, errors.New("tls: initial handshake had non-empty renegotiation extension")
		}
	}

	if c.handshakes > 0 && c.secureRenegotiation {
		var expectedSecureRenegotiation [24]byte
		copy(expectedSecureRenegotiation[:], c.clientFinished[:])
		copy(expectedSecureRenegotiation[12:], c.serverFinished[:])
		if !bytes.Equal(hs.serverHello.secureRenegotiation, expectedSecureRenegotiation[:]) {
			c.sendAlert(alertHandshakeFailure)
			return false, errors.New("tls: incorrect renegotiation extension contents")
		}
	}

	clientDidALPN := len(hs.hello.alpnProtocols) > 0
	serverHasALPN := len(hs.serverHello.alpnProtocol) > 0

	if !clientDidALPN && serverHasALPN {
		c.sendAlert(alertHandshakeFailure)
		return false, errors.New("tls: server advertised unrequested ALPN extension")
	}

	if serverHasALPN {
		c.clientProtocol = hs.serverHello.alpnProtocol
		c.clientProtocolFallback = false
	}
	c.scts = hs.serverHello.scts

	if !hs.serverResumedSession() {
		return false, nil
	}

	if hs.session.vers != c.vers {
		c.sendAlert(alertHandshakeFailure)
		return false, errors.New("tls: server resumed a session with a different version")
	}

	if hs.session.cipherSuite != hs.suite.id {
		c.sendAlert(alertHandshakeFailure)
		return false, errors.New("tls: server resumed a session with a different cipher suite")
	}

	// Restore masterSecret, peerCerts, and ocspResponse from previous state
	hs.masterSecret = hs.session.masterSecret
	c.peerCertificates = hs.session.serverCertificates
	c.verifiedChains = hs.session.verifiedChains
	c.ocspResponse = hs.session.ocspResponse
	// Let the ServerHello SCTs override the session SCTs from the original
	// connection, if any are provided
	if len(c.scts) == 0 && len(hs.session.scts) != 0 {
		c.scts = hs.session.scts
	}

	return true, nil
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) readFinished(out []byte) error {
	c := hs.c

	if err := c.readChangeCipherSpec(); err != nil {
		return err
	}

	msg, err := c.readHandshake()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	serverFinished, ok := msg.(*finishedMsg)
	if !ok {
		c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
		return unexpectedMessageError(serverFinished, msg)
	}

	verify := hs.finishedHash.serverSum(hs.masterSecret)
	if len(verify) != len(serverFinished.verifyData) ||
		subtle.ConstantTimeCompare(verify, serverFinished.verifyData) != 1 {
		c.sendAlert(alertHandshakeFailure)
		return errors.New("tls: server's Finished message was incorrect")
	}
	hs.finishedHash.Write(serverFinished.marshal())
	copy(out, verify)
	return nil
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) readSessionTicket() error {
	if !hs.serverHello.ticketSupported {
		return nil
	}

	c := hs.c
	msg, err := c.readHandshake()
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	sessionTicketMsg, ok := msg.(*newSessionTicketMsg)
	if !ok {
		c.sendAlert(alertUnexpectedMessage)
		return unexpectedMessageError(sessionTicketMsg, msg)
	}
	hs.finishedHash.Write(sessionTicketMsg.marshal())

	hs.session = &clientSessionState{
		sessionTicket:      sessionTicketMsg.ticket,
		vers:               c.vers,
		cipherSuite:        hs.suite.id,
		masterSecret:       hs.masterSecret,
		serverCertificates: c.peerCertificates,
		verifiedChains:     c.verifiedChains,
		receivedAt:         c.config.time(),
		ocspResponse:       c.ocspResponse,
		scts:               c.scts,
	}

	return nil
}

func (hs *clientHandshakeState) sendFinished(out []byte) error {
	c := hs.c

	if _, err := c.writeRecord(recordTypeChangeCipherSpec, []byte{1}); err != nil {
		return err
	}

	finished := new(finishedMsg)
	finished.verifyData = hs.finishedHash.clientSum(hs.masterSecret)
	hs.finishedHash.Write(finished.marshal())
	if _, err := c.writeRecord(recordTypeHandshake, finished.marshal()); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	copy(out, finished.verifyData)
	return nil
}

// verifyServerCertificate parses and verifies the provided chain, setting
// c.verifiedChains and c.peerCertificates or sending the appropriate alert.
func (c *Conn) verifyServerCertificate(certificates [][]byte) error {
	certs := make([]*x509.Certificate, len(certificates))
	for i, asn1Data := range certificates {
		cert, err := x509.ParseCertificate(asn1Data)
		if err != nil {
			c.sendAlert(alertBadCertificate)
			return errors.New("tls: failed to parse certificate from server: " + err.Error())
		}
		certs[i] = cert
	}

	if !c.config.InsecureSkipVerify {
		opts := x509.VerifyOptions{
			Roots:         c.config.RootCAs,
			CurrentTime:   c.config.time(),
			DNSName:       c.config.ServerName,
			Intermediates: x509.NewCertPool(),
		}
		for _, cert := range certs[1:] {
			opts.Intermediates.AddCert(cert)
		}
		var err error
		c.verifiedChains, err = certs[0].Verify(opts)
		if err != nil {
			c.sendAlert(alertBadCertificate)
			return err
		}
	}

	switch certs[0].PublicKey.(type) {
	case *rsa.PublicKey, *ecdsa.PublicKey, ed25519.PublicKey:
		break
	default:
		c.sendAlert(alertUnsupportedCertificate)
		return fmt.Errorf("tls: server's certificate contains an unsupported type of public key: %T", certs[0].PublicKey)
	}

	c.peerCertificates = certs

	if c.config.VerifyPeerCertificate != nil {
		if err := c.config.VerifyPeerCertificate(certificates, c.verifiedChains); err != nil {
			c.sendAlert(alertBadCertificate)
			return err
		}
	}

	if c.config.VerifyConnection != nil {
		if err := c.config.VerifyConnection(c.connectionStateLocked()); err != nil {
			c.sendAlert(alertBadCertificate)
			return err
		}
	}

	return nil
}

// certificateRequestInfoFromMsg generates a CertificateRequestInfo from a TLS
// <= 1.2 CertificateRequest, making an effort to fill in missing information.
func certificateRequestInfoFromMsg(vers uint16, certReq *certificateRequestMsg) *CertificateRequestInfo {
	cri := &CertificateRequestInfo{
		AcceptableCAs: certReq.certificateAuthorities,
		Version:       vers,
	}

	var rsaAvail, ecAvail bool
	for _, certType := range certReq.certificateTypes {
		switch certType {
		case certTypeRSASign:
			rsaAvail = true
		case certTypeECDSASign:
			ecAvail = true
		}
	}

	if !certReq.hasSignatureAlgorithm {
		// Prior to TLS 1.2, signature schemes did not exist. In this case we
		// make up a list based on the acceptable certificate types, to help
		// GetClientCertificate and SupportsCertificate select the right certificate.
		// The hash part of the SignatureScheme is a lie here, because
		// TLS 1.0 and 1.1 always use MD5+SHA1 for RSA and SHA1 for ECDSA.
		switch {
		case rsaAvail && ecAvail:
			cri.SignatureSchemes = []SignatureScheme{
				ECDSAWithP256AndSHA256, ECDSAWithP384AndSHA384, ECDSAWithP521AndSHA512,
				PKCS1WithSHA256, PKCS1WithSHA384, PKCS1WithSHA512, PKCS1WithSHA1,
			}
		case rsaAvail:
			cri.SignatureSchemes = []SignatureScheme{
				PKCS1WithSHA256, PKCS1WithSHA384, PKCS1WithSHA512, PKCS1WithSHA1,
			}
		case ecAvail:
			cri.SignatureSchemes = []SignatureScheme{
				ECDSAWithP256AndSHA256, ECDSAWithP384AndSHA384, ECDSAWithP521AndSHA512,
			}
		}
		return cri
	}

	// Filter the signature schemes based on the certificate types.
	// See RFC 5246, Section 7.4.4 (where it calls this "somewhat complicated").
	cri.SignatureSchemes = make([]SignatureScheme, 0, len(certReq.supportedSignatureAlgorithms))
	for _, sigScheme := range certReq.supportedSignatureAlgorithms {
		sigType, _, err := typeAndHashFromSignatureScheme(sigScheme)
		if err != nil {
			continue
		}
		switch sigType {
		case signatureECDSA, signatureEd25519:
			if ecAvail {
				cri.SignatureSchemes = append(cri.SignatureSchemes, sigScheme)
			}
		case signatureRSAPSS, signaturePKCS1v15:
			if rsaAvail {
				cri.SignatureSchemes = append(cri.SignatureSchemes, sigScheme)
			}
		}
	}

	return cri
}

func (c *Conn) getClientCertificate(cri *CertificateRequestInfo) (*Certificate, error) {
	if c.config.GetClientCertificate != nil {
		return c.config.GetClientCertificate(cri)
	}

	for _, chain := range c.config.Certificates {
		if err := cri.SupportsCertificate(&chain); err != nil {
			continue
		}
		return &chain, nil
	}

	// No acceptable certificate found. Don't send a certificate.
	return new(Certificate), nil
}

const clientSessionCacheKeyPrefix = "qtls-"

// clientSessionCacheKey returns a key used to cache sessionTickets that could
// be used to resume previously negotiated TLS sessions with a server.
func clientSessionCacheKey(serverAddr net.Addr, config *config) string {
	if len(config.ServerName) > 0 {
		return clientSessionCacheKeyPrefix + config.ServerName
	}
	return clientSessionCacheKeyPrefix + serverAddr.String()
}

// mutualProtocol finds the mutual Next Protocol Negotiation or ALPN protocol
// given list of possible protocols and a list of the preference order. The
// first list must not be empty. It returns the resulting protocol and flag
// indicating if the fallback case was reached.
func mutualProtocol(protos, preferenceProtos []string) (string, bool) {
	for _, s := range preferenceProtos {
		for _, c := range protos {
			if s == c {
				return s, false
			}
		}
	}

	return protos[0], true
}

// hostnameInSNI converts name into an appropriate hostname for SNI.
// Literal IP addresses and absolute FQDNs are not permitted as SNI values.
// See RFC 6066, Section 3.
func hostnameInSNI(name string) string {
	host := name
	if len(host) > 0 && host[0] == '[' && host[len(host)-1] == ']' {
		host = host[1 : len(host)-1]
	}
	if i := strings.LastIndex(host, "%"); i > 0 {
		host = host[:i]
	}
	if net.ParseIP(host) != nil {
		return ""
	}
	for len(name) > 0 && name[len(name)-1] == '.' {
		name = name[:len(name)-1]
	}
	return name
}