File: stack.go

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package errors

import (
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"path"
	"runtime"
	"strings"
)

// Frame represents a program counter inside a stack frame.
type Frame uintptr

// pc returns the program counter for this frame;
// multiple frames may have the same PC value.
func (f Frame) pc() uintptr { return uintptr(f) - 1 }

// file returns the full path to the file that contains the
// function for this Frame's pc.
func (f Frame) file() string {
	fn := runtime.FuncForPC(f.pc())
	if fn == nil {
		return "unknown"
	}
	file, _ := fn.FileLine(f.pc())
	return file
}

// line returns the line number of source code of the
// function for this Frame's pc.
func (f Frame) line() int {
	fn := runtime.FuncForPC(f.pc())
	if fn == nil {
		return 0
	}
	_, line := fn.FileLine(f.pc())
	return line
}

// Format formats the frame according to the fmt.Formatter interface.
//
//    %s    source file
//    %d    source line
//    %n    function name
//    %v    equivalent to %s:%d
//
// Format accepts flags that alter the printing of some verbs, as follows:
//
//    %+s   path of source file relative to the compile time GOPATH
//    %+v   equivalent to %+s:%d
func (f Frame) Format(s fmt.State, verb rune) {
	switch verb {
	case 's':
		switch {
		case s.Flag('+'):
			pc := f.pc()
			fn := runtime.FuncForPC(pc)
			if fn == nil {
				io.WriteString(s, "unknown")
			} else {
				file, _ := fn.FileLine(pc)
				fmt.Fprintf(s, "%s\n\t%s", fn.Name(), file)
			}
		default:
			io.WriteString(s, path.Base(f.file()))
		}
	case 'd':
		fmt.Fprintf(s, "%d", f.line())
	case 'n':
		name := runtime.FuncForPC(f.pc()).Name()
		io.WriteString(s, funcname(name))
	case 'v':
		f.Format(s, 's')
		io.WriteString(s, ":")
		f.Format(s, 'd')
	}
}

// StackTrace is stack of Frames from innermost (newest) to outermost (oldest).
type StackTrace []Frame

func (st StackTrace) Format(s fmt.State, verb rune) {
	switch verb {
	case 'v':
		switch {
		case s.Flag('+'):
			for _, f := range st {
				fmt.Fprintf(s, "\n%+v", f)
			}
		case s.Flag('#'):
			fmt.Fprintf(s, "%#v", []Frame(st))
		default:
			fmt.Fprintf(s, "%v", []Frame(st))
		}
	case 's':
		fmt.Fprintf(s, "%s", []Frame(st))
	}
}

// stack represents a stack of program counters.
type stack []uintptr

func (s *stack) Format(st fmt.State, verb rune) {
	switch verb {
	case 'v':
		switch {
		case st.Flag('+'):
			for _, pc := range *s {
				f := Frame(pc)
				fmt.Fprintf(st, "\n%+v", f)
			}
		}
	}
}

func (s *stack) StackTrace() StackTrace {
	f := make([]Frame, len(*s))
	for i := 0; i < len(f); i++ {
		f[i] = Frame((*s)[i])
	}
	return f
}

func callers() *stack {
	const depth = 32
	var pcs [depth]uintptr
	n := runtime.Callers(3, pcs[:])
	var st stack = pcs[0:n]
	return &st
}

// funcname removes the path prefix component of a function's name reported by func.Name().
func funcname(name string) string {
	i := strings.LastIndex(name, "/")
	name = name[i+1:]
	i = strings.Index(name, ".")
	return name[i+1:]
}

func trimGOPATH(name, file string) string {
	// Here we want to get the source file path relative to the compile time
	// GOPATH. As of Go 1.6.x there is no direct way to know the compiled
	// GOPATH at runtime, but we can infer the number of path segments in the
	// GOPATH. We note that fn.Name() returns the function name qualified by
	// the import path, which does not include the GOPATH. Thus we can trim
	// segments from the beginning of the file path until the number of path
	// separators remaining is one more than the number of path separators in
	// the function name. For example, given:
	//
	//    GOPATH     /home/user
	//    file       /home/user/src/pkg/sub/file.go
	//    fn.Name()  pkg/sub.Type.Method
	//
	// We want to produce:
	//
	//    pkg/sub/file.go
	//
	// From this we can easily see that fn.Name() has one less path separator
	// than our desired output. We count separators from the end of the file
	// path until it finds two more than in the function name and then move
	// one character forward to preserve the initial path segment without a
	// leading separator.
	const sep = "/"
	goal := strings.Count(name, sep) + 2
	i := len(file)
	for n := 0; n < goal; n++ {
		i = strings.LastIndex(file[:i], sep)
		if i == -1 {
			// not enough separators found, set i so that the slice expression
			// below leaves file unmodified
			i = -len(sep)
			break
		}
	}
	// get back to 0 or trim the leading separator
	file = file[i+len(sep):]
	return file
}