File: pre_go17.go

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// Copyright 2014 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

// +build !go1.7

package context

import (
	"errors"
	"fmt"
	"sync"
	"time"
)

// An emptyCtx is never canceled, has no values, and has no deadline. It is not
// struct{}, since vars of this type must have distinct addresses.
type emptyCtx int

func (*emptyCtx) Deadline() (deadline time.Time, ok bool) {
	return
}

func (*emptyCtx) Done() <-chan struct{} {
	return nil
}

func (*emptyCtx) Err() error {
	return nil
}

func (*emptyCtx) Value(key interface{}) interface{} {
	return nil
}

func (e *emptyCtx) String() string {
	switch e {
	case background:
		return "context.Background"
	case todo:
		return "context.TODO"
	}
	return "unknown empty Context"
}

var (
	background = new(emptyCtx)
	todo       = new(emptyCtx)
)

// Canceled is the error returned by Context.Err when the context is canceled.
var Canceled = errors.New("context canceled")

// DeadlineExceeded is the error returned by Context.Err when the context's
// deadline passes.
var DeadlineExceeded = errors.New("context deadline exceeded")

// WithCancel returns a copy of parent with a new Done channel. The returned
// context's Done channel is closed when the returned cancel function is called
// or when the parent context's Done channel is closed, whichever happens first.
//
// Canceling this context releases resources associated with it, so code should
// call cancel as soon as the operations running in this Context complete.
func WithCancel(parent Context) (ctx Context, cancel CancelFunc) {
	c := newCancelCtx(parent)
	propagateCancel(parent, c)
	return c, func() { c.cancel(true, Canceled) }
}

// newCancelCtx returns an initialized cancelCtx.
func newCancelCtx(parent Context) *cancelCtx {
	return &cancelCtx{
		Context: parent,
		done:    make(chan struct{}),
	}
}

// propagateCancel arranges for child to be canceled when parent is.
func propagateCancel(parent Context, child canceler) {
	if parent.Done() == nil {
		return // parent is never canceled
	}
	if p, ok := parentCancelCtx(parent); ok {
		p.mu.Lock()
		if p.err != nil {
			// parent has already been canceled
			child.cancel(false, p.err)
		} else {
			if p.children == nil {
				p.children = make(map[canceler]bool)
			}
			p.children[child] = true
		}
		p.mu.Unlock()
	} else {
		go func() {
			select {
			case <-parent.Done():
				child.cancel(false, parent.Err())
			case <-child.Done():
			}
		}()
	}
}

// parentCancelCtx follows a chain of parent references until it finds a
// *cancelCtx. This function understands how each of the concrete types in this
// package represents its parent.
func parentCancelCtx(parent Context) (*cancelCtx, bool) {
	for {
		switch c := parent.(type) {
		case *cancelCtx:
			return c, true
		case *timerCtx:
			return c.cancelCtx, true
		case *valueCtx:
			parent = c.Context
		default:
			return nil, false
		}
	}
}

// removeChild removes a context from its parent.
func removeChild(parent Context, child canceler) {
	p, ok := parentCancelCtx(parent)
	if !ok {
		return
	}
	p.mu.Lock()
	if p.children != nil {
		delete(p.children, child)
	}
	p.mu.Unlock()
}

// A canceler is a context type that can be canceled directly. The
// implementations are *cancelCtx and *timerCtx.
type canceler interface {
	cancel(removeFromParent bool, err error)
	Done() <-chan struct{}
}

// A cancelCtx can be canceled. When canceled, it also cancels any children
// that implement canceler.
type cancelCtx struct {
	Context

	done chan struct{} // closed by the first cancel call.

	mu       sync.Mutex
	children map[canceler]bool // set to nil by the first cancel call
	err      error             // set to non-nil by the first cancel call
}

func (c *cancelCtx) Done() <-chan struct{} {
	return c.done
}

func (c *cancelCtx) Err() error {
	c.mu.Lock()
	defer c.mu.Unlock()
	return c.err
}

func (c *cancelCtx) String() string {
	return fmt.Sprintf("%v.WithCancel", c.Context)
}

// cancel closes c.done, cancels each of c's children, and, if
// removeFromParent is true, removes c from its parent's children.
func (c *cancelCtx) cancel(removeFromParent bool, err error) {
	if err == nil {
		panic("context: internal error: missing cancel error")
	}
	c.mu.Lock()
	if c.err != nil {
		c.mu.Unlock()
		return // already canceled
	}
	c.err = err
	close(c.done)
	for child := range c.children {
		// NOTE: acquiring the child's lock while holding parent's lock.
		child.cancel(false, err)
	}
	c.children = nil
	c.mu.Unlock()

	if removeFromParent {
		removeChild(c.Context, c)
	}
}

// WithDeadline returns a copy of the parent context with the deadline adjusted
// to be no later than d. If the parent's deadline is already earlier than d,
// WithDeadline(parent, d) is semantically equivalent to parent. The returned
// context's Done channel is closed when the deadline expires, when the returned
// cancel function is called, or when the parent context's Done channel is
// closed, whichever happens first.
//
// Canceling this context releases resources associated with it, so code should
// call cancel as soon as the operations running in this Context complete.
func WithDeadline(parent Context, deadline time.Time) (Context, CancelFunc) {
	if cur, ok := parent.Deadline(); ok && cur.Before(deadline) {
		// The current deadline is already sooner than the new one.
		return WithCancel(parent)
	}
	c := &timerCtx{
		cancelCtx: newCancelCtx(parent),
		deadline:  deadline,
	}
	propagateCancel(parent, c)
	d := deadline.Sub(time.Now())
	if d <= 0 {
		c.cancel(true, DeadlineExceeded) // deadline has already passed
		return c, func() { c.cancel(true, Canceled) }
	}
	c.mu.Lock()
	defer c.mu.Unlock()
	if c.err == nil {
		c.timer = time.AfterFunc(d, func() {
			c.cancel(true, DeadlineExceeded)
		})
	}
	return c, func() { c.cancel(true, Canceled) }
}

// A timerCtx carries a timer and a deadline. It embeds a cancelCtx to
// implement Done and Err. It implements cancel by stopping its timer then
// delegating to cancelCtx.cancel.
type timerCtx struct {
	*cancelCtx
	timer *time.Timer // Under cancelCtx.mu.

	deadline time.Time
}

func (c *timerCtx) Deadline() (deadline time.Time, ok bool) {
	return c.deadline, true
}

func (c *timerCtx) String() string {
	return fmt.Sprintf("%v.WithDeadline(%s [%s])", c.cancelCtx.Context, c.deadline, c.deadline.Sub(time.Now()))
}

func (c *timerCtx) cancel(removeFromParent bool, err error) {
	c.cancelCtx.cancel(false, err)
	if removeFromParent {
		// Remove this timerCtx from its parent cancelCtx's children.
		removeChild(c.cancelCtx.Context, c)
	}
	c.mu.Lock()
	if c.timer != nil {
		c.timer.Stop()
		c.timer = nil
	}
	c.mu.Unlock()
}

// WithTimeout returns WithDeadline(parent, time.Now().Add(timeout)).
//
// Canceling this context releases resources associated with it, so code should
// call cancel as soon as the operations running in this Context complete:
//
// 	func slowOperationWithTimeout(ctx context.Context) (Result, error) {
// 		ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 100*time.Millisecond)
// 		defer cancel()  // releases resources if slowOperation completes before timeout elapses
// 		return slowOperation(ctx)
// 	}
func WithTimeout(parent Context, timeout time.Duration) (Context, CancelFunc) {
	return WithDeadline(parent, time.Now().Add(timeout))
}

// WithValue returns a copy of parent in which the value associated with key is
// val.
//
// Use context Values only for request-scoped data that transits processes and
// APIs, not for passing optional parameters to functions.
func WithValue(parent Context, key interface{}, val interface{}) Context {
	return &valueCtx{parent, key, val}
}

// A valueCtx carries a key-value pair. It implements Value for that key and
// delegates all other calls to the embedded Context.
type valueCtx struct {
	Context
	key, val interface{}
}

func (c *valueCtx) String() string {
	return fmt.Sprintf("%v.WithValue(%#v, %#v)", c.Context, c.key, c.val)
}

func (c *valueCtx) Value(key interface{}) interface{} {
	if c.key == key {
		return c.val
	}
	return c.Context.Value(key)
}