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For help on a specific command, type: help cmdname

For help on a specific function, type: help funname
  Null hypothesis: the regression parameters are zero for the variables

  Null hypothesis: the regression parameters are zero for the variables


"help" gives a list of commands

--- FINAL VALUES: 

Augmented Dickey-Fuller test for %s

Dickey-Fuller test for %s

Equality of variances test


Error executing script: halting

Frequency distribution for %s, obs %d-%d

Hausman test matrix is not positive definite (this result may be treated as
"fail to reject" the random effects specification).

KPSS test for %s %s


Number of runs (R) in the variable '%s' = %d

Please rename this variable and try again
Reading 
Reading header file %s

Reading session file %s

There is evidence for a cointegrating relationship if:
(a) The unit-root hypothesis is not rejected for the individual variables.
(b) The unit-root hypothesis is rejected for the residuals (uhat) from the 
    cointegrating regression.

Valid gretl commands are:

You may supply the name of a data file on the command line
You may supply the name of a data file on the command line.
Options:
 -b or --batch     Process a command script and exit.
 -r or --run       Run a script then hand control to command line.
 -h or --help      Print this info and exit.
 -v or --version   Print version info and exit.
 -e or --english   Force use of English rather than translation.
 -q or --quiet     Print less verbose program information.
Example of batch mode usage:
 gretlcli -b myfile.inp >myfile.out
Example of run mode usage:
 gretlcli -r myfile.inp

gretlcli: error executing script: halting
                        Real  Imaginary    Modulus  Frequency                     mean of      std. dev. of     mean of     std. dev. of
                    estimated      estimated      estimated      estimated
      Variable     coefficients   coefficients   std. errors    std. errors

      VARIABLE         COEFFICIENT      %g%% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL

   %s: probably a year...    %s: probably not a year
   Estimated standard error = %g
   Found matrix '%s' with %d rows, %d columns
   Null hypothesis: The two population means are the same.
   Ratio of sample variances = %g
   Test statistic: t(%d) = %g
   but the dates are not complete and consistent
   definitely not a four-digit year
   first row label "%s", last label "%s"
   label strings can't be consistent dates
   line: %s
   longest line: %d characters
   number of columns = %d
   number of data blocks: %d
   number of non-blank lines: %d
   number of observations: %d
   number of variables: %d
   p-value (two-tailed) = %g

   seems to be observation label
   variable name %d is missing: aborting
   warning: missing value for variable %d, obs %d
 (e.g. help qrdecomp)
 (e.g. help smpl)
 (none)
 95%% confidence interval for mean: %g to %g
 Click on graph for pop-up menu DW  Drag to define zoom rectangle Dropping %-16s (p-value %.3f)
 F  Find what: For %g%% confidence intervals, t(%d, %g) = %.3f
 For %g%% confidence intervals, z(%g) = %.2f
 No datafile loaded  Prob(x <= %d) = %g
 Prob(x = %d) = %g
 datafile standard error of mean = %g
 std. error t "%s" is not a gretl command.
"%s" is not defined.
"By econometricians, for econometricians."# Record of session commands.  Please note that this will
# likely require editing if it is to be run as a script.
$p$-values in brackets%20c%s and %s are plotted on same scale

%8c%d is not a valid variable number%d missing values%g and %g quantiles%g percent critical value%g percent interval%g%% confidence interval = %g to %g%s (n = %d, %s)%s found
%s is a constant%s page %d of %d%s replaced
%s versus %s (with quadratic fit)%s, %s to %s%s, observations 1 to %d%s, page %d%s, response = %s, treatment = %s:%s, using observations %s%s%s%s, using the observations %s - %s%s: Full range %s - %s%s: No BOF record found%s: argument %d should be %s%s: argument should be %s%s: can't handle conversion%s: no parameters were specified%s: not a string variable%s: not enough arguments
%s: observation range does not overlap
with the working data set%s: operand %d should be %s%s: operand should be %s%s: required parameter is missing%s: set %d observations to "missing"
%s: sorry, no help available.
%s; sample %s - %s'%s' -- no numeric conversion performed!'%s' -- number out of range!'%s' : not implemented for matrices'%s' : only defined for matrices'%s' and '%s': couldn't get dates
'%s' is a constant'%s' is not a dummy variable'%s' is not the name of a variable'%s' is the name of a built-in function'%s' is the name of a gretl command'%s' may not be used as a variable name'%s': invalid argument for %s()
'%s': name is too long (max 15 characters)
'%s': unrecognized name(%d%% critical value %s %.2f)('*' indicates a leverage point)(10%% value = %.2f)(Please refer to Help for guidance)(dropping missing observations)(including trend)(missing values were skipped)(no description)(unsaved)(without trend)* indicates significance at the 10 percent level** indicates significance at the 5 percent level1st-order autocorrelation coeff. for e2 means2 proportions2 variances2-step estimation3D plot3SLS5% critical values for Durbin-Watson statistic= first difference of %s= log difference of %s= log of %s= seasonal difference of %sA list named %s already existsA matrix named %s already existsA scalar named %s already existsA series named %s already existsA string named %s already existsADF-GLS testAICANOVAANOVA...ARAR order:ARCH order:ARCH q:ARIMAARI_MA...ARMAARMA initializationARMAXASCII files (*.txt)A_RCHAbout gretlAccessorsActual and fitted %sAddAdd ObservationAdd VariableAdd another curve...Add as matrix...Add differencesAdd equationAdd line...Add logsAdd observationsAdd to datasetAdd to dataset...Add to model tableAdd...Add/remove functionsAdded list '%s'
Added matrix %sAdded scalar %s = %gAll ->All data labelsAllow shell commandsAlways prompt if there are unsaved changesAnalysis of VarianceAnnualApplyArellano--BondArellano-BondArrange iconsAscendingAssume common population standard deviationAssume positive and negative are equiprobableAssume standard deviation is population valueAugmented Dickey--Fuller regressionAugmented Dickey-Fuller regressionAugmented regression for Chow testAuthorAuto-indent regionAutocorrelation function for %sAutomaticAutoregressive modelAuxiliary regression for RESET specification testAuxiliary regression for non-linearity test (log terms)Auxiliary regression for non-linearity test (squared terms)Available varsBFGS maximizerBHHH maximizerBICBackBad character %d in date stringBad character '%c' in date stringBad data label in %sBased on %d replicationsBaxter-King Band-pass filterBesides additive outliers, allow for:Between-groupsBias proportion, $U^M$Bias proportion, UMBin width:Binary data (%d) encountered: this is not a valid text file
BlockBoxplotBrowse...Build from formulaBuild from seriesBuild numericallyBy _observation numberC.V.CDF instead of densityCSV files (*.csv)CUSUM test for parameter stabilityCUSUM_SQ testC_lear data setC_ross-correlogramCalculatorCan't add model to table -- this model has a different dependent variableCan't find the function '%s'Can't open %s for readingCan't open folder %sCan't retrieve ht: data set has changedCan't retrieve series: data set has changedCan't retrieve uhat: data set has changedCan't retrieve yhat: data set has changedCancelCannot delete %s; variable is in useCannot delete all of the specified variablesCannot delete the specified variablesCannot open the clipboardCenteredCentered %d-period moving average of %sCheck for _updatesChi-squareChi-square(%d)ChooseChow test for structural break at observation %sChow test for structural difference with respect to %sClearClear data labelsClearing the data set will end
your current session.  Continue?CloseClose windowClosed output file '%s'
Cochrane--OrcuttCochrane-OrcuttCoefficientCoefficient covariance _matrixCoefficient covariance matrixCoefficient on %sCointegrating vectorsCointegrationCointegration rankColor %dCombined residual plotComma separatedCommand '%s' ignored; not valid within equation system
Command has insufficient argumentsCommand to compile TeX filesCommand to launch GNU RCommand to launch gnuplotCommand to view DVI filesCommand to view PDF filesCommand to view postscript filesComment lineComment regionCompact by averagingCompact by summingCompact daily data to weeklyCompact daily data to:Compact hourly data to:Compact monthly data to:Compact quarterly data to annualCompact weekly data to monthlyCompacted dataset would be emptyCompaction method (for reducing frequency):Comparison of Model %d and Model %d:
Compute confidence intervalsCompute standard errorsConditional Maximum LikelihoodConfidence _ellipse...Confidence intervalConfidence levelConfidence level...ConfigureConfigure tabs...Confirm dataset structureControl variableConvergence achieved after %d iterations
Convergence tolerance:CopyCopy as CSV...Copy as:Copy buffer was emptyCopy dataCopy to clipboardCorrelation CoefficientsCorrelation matrixCorrelationsCorrelogramCould be %s - %s
Couldn't access binary datafileCouldn't access graph infoCouldn't create directory '%s'Couldn't find a usable terminal programCouldn't find script '%s'
Couldn't find usable socket driver
Couldn't get function package informationCouldn't open %sCouldn't open %s
Couldn't open %s for writingCouldn't open '%s'Couldn't open database binary fileCouldn't open database index fileCouldn't open file %sCouldn't open script "%s"
Couldn't write to '%s': gretl will not work properly!Covariance matrix of regression coefficientsCritical value = %gCritical value for outliers:Critical valuesCross _TabulationCross-correlogramCross-equation covariance matrixCross-productsCross-sectionalCross-sectional dataCurrent sampleCurrent sample: %d observations
DailyDaily (5 days)Daily (6 days)Daily (7 days)Daily date to represent weekData appended OK
Data errorData file is empty
Data frequency does not match
Data infoData missing for variable '%s'Data requirementData series length count missing or invalid
Data setData set is not recognized as a panel.
Please use "Sample/Set frequency, startobs".Data structure wizardData transposedData types not conformable for operationData utilitiesDatabaseDatabase installed.
Open it now?Database parse error at variable '%s'Database server nameDatabasesDatasetDataset _structure...Dataset extended by %d observationsDate (YYYY-MM-DD)Date strings inconsistentDates file does not conform to the specificationDecennialDefine _new variable...Define listDefine matrixDefine named listDefine new variable...Define or edit _list...DeleteDelete package fileDeleted function '%s'
Deleted matrix %sDeleted scalar %sDeleted string %sDensityDependent variableDependent variable is all zeros, aborting regressionDependent variable: %s
DescendingDescriptionDescription:Descriptive labelDescriptive statisticsDesired quantile(s)Detect and correct for outliersDeterminantDeterminant of covariance matrixDickey-Fuller testDidn't find any matching observationsDifference testDifference:DisplayDisplay PDFDisplay fitted values, all equationsDisplay name (shown in graphs):Display residuals, all equationsDisplay valuesDisturbance proportion, $U^D$Disturbance proportion, UDDo you really want to add a lower frequency series
to a higher frequency dataset?

If you say 'yes' I will expand the source data by
repeating each value %d times.  In general, this is
not a valid thing to do.Do you want to save changes you have
made to the current data set?Do you want to save the changes you made
to this session?Do you want to save this gretl session?Done
Doornik-Hansen testDrop all obs with _missing valuesDummies for selected _discrete variablesDurbin-Watson statisticEPS fileE_xitEditEdit attributesEdit function codeEdit package listEdit package...Edit plot commandsEdit sample scriptEdit valuesEigenvalueEmpty observation []
Emulate Windows lookEnable Ox supportEncode all valuesEncoding variables as dummiesEndEnd:Endogenous variablesEnglish (A4 paper)English (US letter paper)Enter a nameEnter a numerical valueEnter boolean condition for selecting cases:Enter case marker for new obs
(max. 8 characters)Enter commands for loop.  Type 'endloop' to get out
Enter formula for new variable
(or just a name, to enter data manually)Enter formula for new variable:Enter name for column
(max. 12 characters)Enter name for first variable
(max. 15 characters)Enter name for new variable
(max. 15 characters)Enter new name
(max. 31 characters)Enter value to be read as "missing":Error attempting to open fileError estimating Hurst exponent model
Error estimating fixed effects model
Error estimating random effects model
Error estimating range-mean model
Error generating index variableError generating logarithmsError generating squaresError generating time trendError in arma commandError message from %s:
Error reading workfile header
Error retrieving data from serverError saving model informationEstimate reduced modelEstimated _density plot...EstimationEstimatorEx. kurtosisEx.\ kurtosisExact Maximum LikelihoodExact or near collinearity encounteredExcluding the constant, p-value was highest for variable %d (%s)ExecuteExecute lineExecute regionExogenous variablesExpand annual data to:Expand quarterly data to monthlyExpected '%c' but formula ended
Expected '%c' but found '%s'
Expected numeric data, found string:
%s" at row %d, column %d
Expected valueExponential moving averageExponential moving average of %s (current weight %g)Export as CSV...Export the labels to fileExport the markers to fileExternal command failedExtraneous character '%c' in dataExtraneous character (0x%x) in dataF(%d, %d)F-formFIMLFailed to calculate JacobianFailed to compute critical valueFailed to compute numerical HessianFailed to compute p-valueFailed to compute test statistic
Failed to create empty data setFailed to download fileFailed to execute x12arimaFailed to flip state of "%s"
Failed to get workbook infoFailed to parse gnuplot fileFailed to parse series informationFailed to process Excel fileFailed to retrieve description of dataFailed to store data comments
FileFill colorFilterFiltersFind...Find:First char of name ('%c') is bad
(first must be alphabetical)First char of varname ('%c') is bad
(first must be alphabetical)First char of varname (0x%x) is bad
(first must be alphabetical)Fixed effectsFixed fontFixed font...Fixed-effectsFont SelectionFont and size:Font for graphsFont for gretl output windowsFont for menus and labelsFont nameFor logit and probit, $R^2$ is McFadden's pseudo-$R^2$For logit and probit, R-squared is McFadden's pseudo-R-squaredFor logit and probit, R{\super 2} is McFadden's pseudo-R{\super 2}For the coefficient on %s (point estimate %g)Forecast evaluation statisticsForecast range:Forecast variance decompositionFormula:Fractional differenceFractional integration test failedFrequencyFrequency distributionFridayFull Information Maximum LikelihoodFull data set: %d observations
Full detailsFull rangeFunction evaluations: %d
Function names must start with a letterFunction package %sFunction package is brokenFunction referenceGARCH p:GARCH: p > 0 and q = 0: the model is unidentifiedGLSGMM: Specify function and orthogonality conditions:GNU R files (*.R)GNU _R...GeneralGeneralized Cochrane-Orcutt estimationGeneralized method of momentsGenerate graphGeneratedGenerated list %sGenerated matrix %sGenerated scalar %sGenerated series %s (ID %d)Generated string %sGenerated string %s
Gini coefficientGnuplot colorsGnuplot error creating graphGradients at last iterationGradients:  GraphGraph differenced seriesGraph filtered seriesGraph line width:Graph original and smoothed seriesGraph residual or cycle seriesGraphsGretl Command ReferenceGretl Function ReferenceGroupwise heteroskedasticityH0: Difference of means =H0: Difference of proportions = 0H0: Ratio of variances = 1H0: mean =H0: proportion =H0: variance =HCCMEHQCHTTP proxy (ipnumber:port)HTTP proxy: first field must be an IP numberH_eteroskedasticity corrected...Hausman test matrix is not positive definiteHeckitHelpHelp on commandHelp text:Helper functionsHeteroskedasticity correctedHeteroskedasticity-correctedHeteroskedasticity-robust standard errorsHigh _precision OLS...High-Precision OLSHildreth--LuHildreth-LuHodrick-Prescott filterHourlyID #If you don't have a login to the gretl server
please see http://gretl.ecn.wfu.edu/apply/.
The 'Website' button below should open this page
in your web browser.ImportImpulse responsesImpulse responses (combined)Include a constantInclude a trendInclude seasonal dummiesInclude time dummiesIncluded %d cross-sectional unitsIncompatible optionsIncomplete entryInconsistency in observation markers
Indent regionIndependent variablesIndexIndex value %d is out of boundsInfoInitial fill value:Insert ObservationInstallInsufficient dataInsufficient data to build frequency distribution for variable %sInsufficient degrees of freedom for regressionInsufficient observations for this operationInterval regressionInvalid argument for functionInvalid argument for worksheet importInvalid character '%c'
Invalid data file
Invalid declarationInvalid label position, must be X YInvalid lag order %dInvalid lag order for arch (%d)Invalid null sampleInvalid option '--%s'Invalid package filename: the name must start with a letter,
must be less than 32 characters in length, must include only
ASCII letters, numbers and '_', and must end with ".gfn"Invalid sample split for Chow testIrregularItalianIterated GMMIterated estimationJarque-Bera testJohansen testKPSS regressionKPSS testLADLIMLLaTeXLabelsLag orderLag order for ADF test:Lag order for ARCH test:Lag order for KPSS test:Lag order for test:Lag order:Lag truncation parameter = %d
Lags of dependent variableLags of endogenous variablesLanguage preferenceLargerLeast _Absolute Deviation...LicenseLikelihood ratio testLikelihood ratio test for (G)ARCH termsLikelihood ratio test for groupwise heteroskedasticityLilliefors testLimited Information Maximum LikelihoodLinear algebraLinear restrictionsLinesList of AR lagsList seriesListing %d variables:
Listing of variablesLjung-Box Q'Lmax testLo_gistic...Loaded?Local machineLocal statusLog transformationLoginLogisticLogistic modelLogitLook on serverLowerLower bound variableMA order:MLML HeckitMLEMLE: Specify function, and derivatives if possible:Mahalanobis distancesMail setupMainMain gretl directoryMain windowMalformed PNG file for graphManualsMathematicalMatrix buildingMatrix inversion failed:
 restrictions may be inconsistent or redundant
Matrix inversion failed: restrictions may be inconsistent or redundantMatrix is not positive definiteMatrix shapingMaximumMaximum iterations:Maximum lag:Maximum length of command line (%d bytes) exceeded
Maximum length of command line (8192 bytes) exceededMaximum likelihoodMaximum likelihood estimationMeanMean Absolute ErrorMean Absolute Percentage ErrorMean ErrorMean Percentage ErrorMean Squared ErrorMean correctionMedianMenu fontMenu font...MessageMinimumMinimum gretl versionMinimum possible value = 1.0Minimum value, left bin:Missing daily observations: %d
Missing sub-sample information; can't merge dataMissing value encountered for variable %d, obs %dMissing values encounteredModel %dModel added to tableModel estimation range: %s - %sModel is already included in the tableModel tableModel table clearedModel table is fullModified matrix %sModified series %s (ID %d)MondayMonthlyMultinomial LogitMultiple precision OLSN(%g, %g)NBER recessionsNLSNLS: Specify function, and derivatives if possible:NLS: The supplied derivatives seem to be incorrectNLS: failed to converge after %d iterationsNameName contains an illegal char (in place %d)
Use only unaccented letters, digits and underscoreName of dummy variable to use:Name of list:Name of variable:Name:Network status: %sNetwork status: OKNewNew data not conformable for appending
New files are available from the gretl web site
http://gretl.sourceforge.net/New files are available from the gretl web site.
These files have a combined size of %u bytes.

Would you like to exit from gretl and update your installation now?
(You can run gretl_updater.exe later if you prefer.)New matrixNew windowNew...No changes were madeNo commands to executeNo constantNo data found.
No data packages foundNo data were available to graphNo database files foundNo dataset is in placeNo description availableNo discrete variables were selectedNo formula supplied in genrNo formula was givenNo function has been specifiedNo function packages foundNo functions are available for packaging at present.
Do you want to write a function now?No gretl function packages were found on this computer.No gretl function packages were found on this computer.
Do you want to take a look on the gretl server?No independent variables left after omissionsNo independent variables were omittedNo list of endogenous variables was givenNo lists are currently definedNo log transformationNo mean correctionNo missing data valuesNo model is availableNo name was given for the listNo new independent variables were addedNo scalar variables are currently definedNo series are defined
No series to editNo special requirementNo suitable data are availableNo undo information availableNo valid series foundNo variables were read
No worksheets foundNon-linearity (_logs)Non-linearity (s_quares)Non-linearity test (logs)Non-linearity test (squares)Non-seasonalNon-seasonal differences:Non-standard frequencyNoneNone (don't use dates)Normal Q-Q plotNormal _Q-Q plot...Not a Number in calculationNot installedNot significant at the 10 percent level Note:Note: * denotes a residual in excess of 2.5 standard errorsNotesNull hypothesisNull hypothesis: Difference of means = %g
Null hypothesis: The population variances are equal
Null hypothesis: population mean = %g
Null hypothesis: population proportion = %g
Null hypothesis: population variance = %g
Null hypothesis: the population proportions are equal
Null hypothesis: the regression parameter is zero for %sNumber of bins:Number of casesNumber of columns:Number of cross-sectional unitsNumber of differences: n = %d
Number of lags to create:Number of observations = %d
Number of observations in average:Number of observations to add:Number of observations to select (max %d)Number of observations:Number of pre-forecast observations to graphNumber of replications:Number of rows:Number of time periodsNumerical methodsNumerical summaryNumerical summary with bootstrapped confidence interval for medianOK to overwrite it?OK to overwrite?OK, staying with current data set
OLSOLS modelObservation at which to split the sample:Observation number out of boundsObservationsObservations: %dObservations: %d; days in sample: %d
Octave scriptOffset variableOn _local machine...On _server...On database _server...On start-up, gretl should use:One or more "added" vars were already presentOne or more variable names are missing.
OpenOpen...Opened header file %s
Couldn't find list of variables (must be terminated with a semicolon)Opening a new data file closes the present one.  Proceed? (y/n) Opening a new data file will automatically
close the current one.  Any unsaved work
will be lost.  Proceed to open data file?Opening a new session file will automatically
close the current session.  Any unsaved work
will be lost.  Proceed to open session file?Ordered LogitOrdered ProbitOrdinary Least SquaresOtherOther _linear modelsOut of memory
Out of memory!Out of memory!
OutliersOutputOutput window:Ox files (*.ox)Ox programP-valueP-value was highest for variable %d (%s)P-value($F$)P-value(F)PDF filePDF manual preferencePNG graph fontPackagePackage descriptionPalettePanelPanel dataPanel data (%s)
%d cross-sectional units observed over %d periodsPanel dummy variables generated.
Parameters: PasswordPassword:PastePath to R libraryPath to oxl executablePath to tramoPath to x12arimaPerhaps you need to adjust the starting column or row?Periodic dummy variables already present.
Periodic dummy variables generated.
Please add a sample script for this packagePlease add a variable to the dataset firstPlease close this object's window firstPlease find the gretl data file %s attached.Please find the gretl script %s attached.Please give a coefficient numberPlease open a data file firstPlot confidence interval usingPlot dimensions:Plot file is corruptedPooled OLSPrais--WinstenPrais-WinstenPredictionPreviewPreview textPrintPrint missing values as:Print...PrintingProbProbabilityProbably annual data
Probably monthly data
Probably quarterly data
Probably weekly data
ProbitProduce debugging outputProgram to play MIDI filesProgrammingProgramsPrompt to save sessionProperties of matrix %sProperties of matrix X'XPublic functionsQ-Q plotQLR test for structural breakQuandt likelihood ratio test for structural break at an unknown point,
with 15 percent trimmingQuantile estimates with %g%% bandQuantile regressionQuarterlyQuarterly or monthly dataR scriptRATS data directoryRESET specification testRESET test for specificationR_andom sub-sample...Random effectsRandom-effects (GLS)Range %d to %d is non-positive!Range is non-positive!Range-mean statistics for %s
Reached maximum iterations, %dReally create an empty list?Really delete %s?Really delete the last %d observations?Really delete the selected series
from the database '%s'?Reciprocal condition numberRecursive %d-step ahead forecastsRedefining function '%s'Reduced outputReformat...RefreshRegression proportion, $U^R$Regression proportion, URRegression residuals (= observed - fitted %s)RegressorsRelative frequencyRemember main window sizeRemoveRemove the labelsRemove the markersRenameReplace allReplace with:Replace...ReplacedReplaced after model %d: Replaced list %sReplaced list '%s'
Replaced matrix %sReplaced scalar %sReplaced series %s (ID %d)Replaced string %sReplaced string %s
Resample residualsResampling with replacementRescaled range figures for %sRescaled-range plot forReset to defaultResidual ACFResidual PACFResidual _Q-Q plotResidual _correlogramResidual _spectrumResidual autocorrelation functionResidual from %d-period MA of %sResidual from EMA of %s (current weight %g)Residual plotsResiduals from equationResponse of %sRestore full viewRestricted constantRestricted log-likelihoodRestricted trendRestrictionRetrieving data...Robust estimate of varianceRobust standard errorsRobust standard errors/intervalsRoot Mean Squared ErrorRunRunning a script adds to textRunning a script replaces textRuns testRuns test (first difference)Runs test (level)SURSample 1:
 n = %d, mean = %g, s.d. = %g
Sample 1:
 n = %d, proportion = %g
Sample 1:
 n = %d, variance = %g
Sample 2:
 n = %d, mean = %g, s.d. = %g
Sample 2:
 n = %d, proportion = %g
Sample 2:
 n = %d, variance = %g
Sample _periodogramSample is too small for Hurst exponentSample is too small for range-mean graph
Sample is too small to calculate a p-value based on the normal distribution
Sample mean = %g, std. deviation = %g
Sample now includes only complete observationsSample proportion = %g
Sample size: n = %d
Sample variance = %g
Sample variance-covariance matrices for residualsSaturdaySaveSave a record of the commands you executed?Save asSave as PDF...Save as PNG...Save as TeX...Save as Windows metafile (EMF)...Save as icon and cl_oseSave as postscript (EPS)...Save as scriptSave as...Save bootstrap data to fileSave changes?Save cyclical component asSave dataSave data _asSave filtered series asSave functionsSave output asSave sessionSave session _as...Save smoothed series asSave textSave to data set:Save to fileSave to session as _iconSave to session as iconSave...ScalarsSearch wrappedSeasonalSeasonal AR terms:Seasonal MA terms:Seasonal differences:Seasonally adjusted seriesSee exampleSeed for generator:Seemingly Unrelated RegressionsSelect _allSelect arguments:Select coefficients to sumSelect colorSelect data formatSelect directorySelect two variablesSelect variables for laggingSelect variables for loggingSelect variables to addSelect variables to copySelect variables to differenceSelect variables to displaySelect variables to log-differenceSelect variables to omitSelect variables to plotSelect variables to saveSelect variables to squareSelected varsSelection variableSend To...Sending debugging output to %sSequential elimination of variables
using two-sided p-value:Sequential elimination using two-sided alpha = %.2fSeries imported OKSeries not found, '%s'Set %d observations to "missing"Set %d values to "missing"Set %d values to "missing"
Set as defaultSet missing _value code...Set sample rangeSet working directory from shellShowShow English helpShow _standard errorsShow _t-ratiosShow barsShow column percentagesShow count of missing values at each observationShow data onlyShow detailsShow details of iterationsShow details of regressionsShow fitted values for pre-forecast rangeShow full borderShow full outputShow full restricted estimatesShow graph of sampling distributionShow gridShow icon view automaticallyShow lagged variablesShow p-valuesShow rankingsShow row percentagesShow significance asterisksShow slopes at meanShow standard errors in parenthesesShow t-statistics in parenthesesSi_ze:Sign TestSign testSignificant at the %d percent level Simple moving averageSimulate normal errorsSkewnessSkip initial DF testsSkip the highest valueSkip the lowest valueSlopeSmallerSorry, ARMA models can't be put in the model tableSorry, can't handle this conversion yet!Sorry, can't handle this frequency conversionSorry, command not available for this estimatorSorry, help not foundSorry, not implemented yet!Sorry, this command is not available in loop mode
Sorry, this item not yet implemented!Sorry, this model can't be put in the model tableSortSort by...SourceSpaces per tabSpanishSpearman's rank correlation coefficient (rho) = %.8f
Spearman's rank correlation is undefined
Specify restrictions:Specify simultaneous equations:Specify variables to plot:SpectrumStacked cross sectionsStacked time seriesStandard automatic analysisStandard deviationStandard error of the regressionStandard errorsStandard errors in parenthesesStandard formatStandard normalStandard normal distributionStandardize the residualsStartStart GNU _RStart import at:Start:Starting column is out of bounds.
Starting observationStarting row is out of bounds.
StatisticalStatisticsStd. Dev.Std.\ Dev.Step %d: cointegrating regression
Step %d: testing for a unit root in %s
Stickiness...String index too largeString to replace was not foundStringsStructure of datasetStudentized %g%% confidence interval = %g to %gStudentized confidence intervalSubject:Sum of coefficientsSum of squared residuals negative!Sum of squares of cumulated residualsSummarySummary Statistics, using the observations %s - %sSummary Statistics, using the observations %s--%sSummary statisticsSundaySyntax error in command lineSyntax error in genr formulaTSLSTab separatedTake note: variables have been renumberedTell me about gretl updatesTest against gamma distributionTest against normal distributionTest down from maximum lag orderTest for addition of variablesTest for difference between %s and %sTest for normality of %s:Test for normality of residualTest for null hypothesis of gamma distributionTest for null hypothesis of normal distributionTest only selected variablesTest statisticTest statistic cannot be computed: try the deviation from the median?
Test statistic for gammaTest statistic for normalityTest statistic: F(%d, %d) = %g
Test statistic: chi-square(%d) = %d * %g/%g = %g
Test statistic: t(%d) = (%g - %g)/%g = %g
Test statistic: z = (%g - %g - %g)/%g = %g
Test statistic: z = (%g - %g) / %g = %g
Test statistic: z = (%g - %g)/%g = %g
Test statistic: z = [(%g - %g) - (%g)]/%g = %g
TestsThe 'dataset' command is not available within functionsThe assumption of a normal sampling distribution
is not justified here.  Abandoning the test.The command log is emptyThe convergence criterion was not metThe data file contains no informative comments.
Would you like to add some now?The data set contains no suitable index variablesThe data set is currently sub-sampledThe data set is currently sub-sampled.
The data set is currently sub-sampled.
Would you like to restore the full range?The data set is currently sub-sampled.
You must restore the full range before compacting.
Restore the full range now?The data set is currently sub-sampled.
You must restore the full range before expanding.
Restore the full range now?The dataset has no observation markers.
Add some from file now?The dataset has no variable labels.
Add some from file now?The dataset has observation markers.
Would you like to:The dataset has variable labels.
Would you like to:The display name for a variable cannot contain double quotesThe file selection dialog should:The first EMA value isThe imported data have been interpreted as undated
(cross-sectional).  Do you want to give the data a
time-series or panel interpretation?The matrix formula is emptyThe maximum F(%d, %d) = %g occurs at observation %sThe maximum must be greater than %gThe model already contains %sThe model sample differs from the dataset sample,
so some menu options will be disabled.

Do you want to restore the sample on which
this model was estimated?The model table is emptyThe operation was canceledThe order condition for identification is not satisfied.
At least %d more instruments are needed.The residuals are standardizedThe restrictions do not identify the parametersThe shell command is not activated.The statistic you requested is not availableThe symbol '%s' is undefined
The two population variances are equalThe variable '%s' is not a 0/1 variable.The variable '%s' is not discreteTheil's UThere are no extra observations to dropThere are no observations available for forecasting
out of sample.  If you wish, you can add observations
(Data menu, Edit data), or you can shorten the sample
range over which the model is estimated (Sample menu).There are no observations available for forecasting
out of sample.  You can add some observations now
if you wish.There is already a data file of this name.
OK to overwrite it?There is already a variable of this name
in the dataset.  OK to overwrite it?There were missing data valuesThese colors will be used unless overridden
by graph-specific choices
This change will take effect when you restart gretlThis command is implemented only for OLS modelsThis dataset cannot be interpreted as a panelThis file is part of the gretl update notification system
This is not a valid RATS 4.0 databaseThis statistic does not follow the standard F distribution;
critical values are from Stock and Watson (2003).Three-Stage Least SquaresThursdayTime index variableTime seriesTime series frequencyTime series plotTime-series dataTime-series length = %dTime-series model onlyTime-series model plus seasonal adjustmentTitle for axisTitle of plotTo_bit...TobitTopicTotal sum of squares was not positiveTrace testTransformationsTransposing means that each variable becomes interpreted
as an observation, and each observation as a variable.
Do you want to proceed?Treat this variable as discreteTreatment variableTrend/cycleTrueType fontTrying date order DDMMYYYY
Trying date order MMDDYYYY
Trying date order YYYYMMDD
TuesdayTwo-Stage Least SquaresTwo-stage least squaresTwo-tailed p-valueTwo-tailed p-value = %.4g
(one-tailed = %.4g)
TypeType "open filename" to open a data set
Type a command:Type of dataUnable to access the file %s.
Uncomment lineUncomment regionUndated: Full range n = %d; current sample n = %dUnder the null hypothesis of independence and equal probability of positive
and negative values, R follows N(%g, %g)
Under the null hypothesis of independence, R follows N(%g, %g)
Under the null hypothesis of no correlation:
 Under the null hypothesis of no difference, W follows B(%d, %.1f)
UndoUnexpected error reading the file
Unindent regionUnit or group index variableUnknown variable '%s'Unknown variable name in commandUnload member functionsUnrecognized data typeUnrestricted constantUnrestricted log-likelihoodUnrestricted trendUnspecified errorUnspecified error -- FIXMEUp to dateUpload function packageUpload package to server on saveUpperUpper bound variableUse Fiorentini et al algorithmUse HTTP proxyUse L-BFGS-B, memory size:Use X-12-ARIMAUse bootstrapUse correlation matrixUse covariance matrixUse dummy variable:Use end-of-period valuesUse first differenceUse index variablesUse linesUse locale setting for decimal pointUse model namesUse only one y axisUse pointsUse representative dayUse robust covariance matrix by defaultUse start-of-period valuesUse variable from datasetUser directory is not setUser's gretl directoryUsername:UtilitiesVARVAR _lag selection...VAR lag selectionVAR residualsVECMVIF(j) = 1/(1 - R(j)^2), where R(j) is the multiple correlation coefficient
between variable j and the other independent variablesV_ECM...V_ery verboseValueValues > 10.0 may indicate a collinearity problemValues missing at observation %dVariable %dVariable %d was not in the original listVariable '%s' not definedVariable nameVariable name %s... is too long
(the max is %d characters)Variable names only (case sensitive)Variable to sort byVariables to testVarianceVariance Inflation FactorsVarname contains illegal character '%c'
Use only letters, digits and underscoreVarname contains illegal character 0x%x
Use only letters, digits and underscoreVersionViewView as equationView codeWARNING: The constant was present among the regressors but not among the
instruments, so it has been automatically added to the instrument list.
This behavior may change in future versions, so you may want to adjust your
scripts accordingly.
WARNING: ascii data read error at obs %dWARNING: ascii data read error at var %d, obs %dWARNING: binary data read error at var %dWARNING: failed to read case marker for obs %dWLSWLS (ARCH)Wald test, based on covariance matrixWarningWarning: data matrix close to singularity!Warning: option%s ignored outside of loopWarning: series %s is emptyWarning: series has missing observationsWarning: the name was truncated to %d characters
Warning: there were missing observationsWarning: there were missing values
Warning: with small samples, asymptotic approximation may be poor
Web browserWednesdayWeek starts on MondayWeek starts on SundayWeeklyWeight on current observation:Weight variableWeighted Least SquaresWeighted least squaresWhite's testWhite's test (squares only)Wilcoxon Rank-Sum TestWilcoxon Signed-Rank TestWilcoxon rank sum testWilcoxon signed rank testWindowsWorking directory...Working directory:Write of header file failedWrite of labels file failedWrong data typeX-Y _scatter...X-Y _scatters...X-Y graphX-Y with _control...X-Y with _factor separation...X-Y with _impulses...X-axisX-axis variableX-axis variablesXY scatterplotY-axisY-axis variableY-axis variablesY2-axisYou are adding a %s series to %s datasetYou can also do 'help functions' for a list of functions
You can't do this while editing the datasetYou can't use the same character for the column delimiter and the decimal pointYou cannot delete '%s'You cannot overwrite '%s'
You may want to let the system administrator know
that new files are available from the gretl web site
http://gretl.sourceforge.net/You must give a name for the variableYou must give the matrix a nameYou must include a constant in this sort of modelYou must select a Y-axis variableYou must select a Z-axis variableYou must select a control variableYou must select a dependent variableYou must select a factor variableYou must select a weight variableYou must select an X-axis variableYou must select two or more endogenous variablesYou must specify a list of lagsYou must specify a public interfaceYou must specify a quantileYou must specify a selection variableYou must specify a set of instrumental variablesYou must specify an upper bound variableYou must specify regressors for the selection equationYou must supply three variablesYou must supply three variables, the last
of which is a dummy variable (values 1 or 0)You must supply three variables, the last of which is a dummy variable
(with values 1 or 0)
You seem to be running gretl as root.  Do you really want to do this?Zoom..._3D plot..._ANOVA_ARCH..._About gretl_Add_Add observations..._Add variables_Against %s_Against %s and %s_Against time_Akaike Information Criterion_Analysis_Append data_Arellano-Bond..._Augmented Dickey-Fuller test_Autocorrelation_Autoregressive estimation..._Bartlett lag window_Basic_Baxter-King_Bayesian Information Criterion_Between model..._Binary..._Bootstrap..._Boxplots..._CSV..._CUSUM test_Cholesky_Chow test_Close_Cochrane-Orcutt..._Cointegration test_Collinearity_Command log_Command reference_Common factor_Compact data..._Confidence intervals for coefficients_Copy_Correlation matrix_Correlogram_Count data..._Count missing values_Data_Database..._Databases_Dataset info_Define matrix..._Display actual, fitted, residual_Display values_Distribution graphs_Divide by scalar_Duration data..._Durbin-Watson p-value_Edit_Edit attributes_Edit values_Engle-Granger..._Equation options_Error sum of squares_Eviews..._Excel..._Expand data..._Exponential moving average_Export data_Family:_File_Fill_Filter_Find variable..._First differences of selected variables_Fitted values_Fitted, actual plot_Fixed font..._Fixed or random effects..._Forecasts_Forecasts..._Fractional difference_Frequency distribution..._Function files_GARCH..._GMM..._General..._Gini coefficient_Gnumeric..._Graph specified vars_Graphs_Gretl console_Gretl native..._Hannan-Quinn Information Criterion_Heckit..._Help_Heteroskedasticity_Hildreth-Lu..._Hodrick-Prescott_Hurst exponent_Icon view_Identity matrix_Import_Index variable_Influential observations_Instrumental variables_Interval regression..._Invert_JMulTi..._Johansen..._KPSS test_LIML..._LaTeX_Lags of selected variables_Linear restrictions_Log differences of selected variables_Log likelihood_Logit_Logs of selected variables_Mahalanobis distances_Maximum likelihood..._Menu font..._Model_Modify model..._Multinomial..._Multiple graphs_Multiply by scalar_NIST test suite_New data set_New package_New script_Nonlinear Least Squares..._Nonlinear models_Nonparametric tests_Normal random_Normality of residual_Normality of residuals_Normality test_Notched boxplots..._Observation markers..._Octave..._Omit variables_Open Document..._Open data_Open session..._Ordered..._Ordinary Least Squares..._P-value finder_Panel_Panel diagnostics_PcGive..._Periodic dummies_Plot a curve_Practice file..._Prais-Winsten..._Predicted error variance_Preferences_Preview:_Principal components_Print..._Probit_Properties_Q-Q plot..._QLR test_Quantile regression..._R-squared_RATS 4..._Ramsey's RESET_Random variable..._Range-mean graph_Rank correlation..._Refresh window_Remove extra observations_Resample with replacement..._Residual plot_Residuals_Restore full range_Restore model sample_Restrict, based on criterion..._Revise specification..._Robust estimation_SAS (xport)..._SPSS..._Sample_Sample file..._Save_Save as..._Save data_Save session_Scalars_Script files_Seasonal differences of selected variables_Seed for random numbers_Select listed variables..._Session files_Set range..._Show status_Simple moving average_Simultaneous equations..._Sort data..._Spectrum_Squared residuals_Squares of selected variables_Standard error of the regression_Standard format..._Stata..._Statistical tables_Style:_Sum of coefficients_Summary statistics_T*R-squared_TRAMO analysis_Test statistic calculator_Tests_Time dummies_Time series_Time series plot_Time series plot..._Time series..._Time trend_Tools_Transform_Transpose_Transpose data..._Two-Stage Least Squares..._Uniform random_Unit dummies_User file..._User's guide_Variable_Variable labels..._Vector Autoregression..._Verbose_View_Weighted Least Squares..._Weighted least squares..._Windows_Working directory..._X'X_X-12-ARIMA analysis_text/CSV...abcdefghijk ABCDEFGHIJKactualactual = predictedadd exogenous variableadjustedall files (*.*)all variantsalpha (adjustment vectors)always start in the working directoryand just a year
asymptotic p-valueauto axis rangeauto-detectauto-generated constantautomatic forecast (dynamic out of sample)average of observationsbeta (cointegrating vectors)binomialboth CDFsboxesboxplot file is corruptcenterchi-squarecoeffcointegration rank:colorcolumn headingscolumn:comma (,)command '%s' not recognizedcommand referenceconditional MLcorrelation matrixcorrelogramcross-correlogramcross-sectionalcross-sectional data: frequency must be 1cross-sectional unit indexcubes onlydailydata index variabledataset restore: dataset is not resampled
decennialdecimal placesdecimal point character:defaultdescription:determinantdfdfddfndifference of meansdifferencing parameter:dotsdynamic forecasteigenvalueerrorerror barserror evaluating 'if'error is normally distributederror reading smpl lineestimated value of (a - 1)exact MLextraneous label for var '%s'
filled curvefirst observationfittedfitted linefont: %sforfor the variable %s (%d valid observations)force use of Englishforecastforecast horizon (periods):formulafrequency %d is not supportedfrequency (%d) does not make seem to make sensefunction packagesfunctions to packagegammagenrgui.hlpgnuplot command failedgnuplot command failed
gnuplot files (*.plt)gnuplot scriptgot invalid variable number %dgraph page optionsgretl consolegretl console: type 'help' for a list of commandsgretl outputgretl plot controlsgretl scriptgretl script files (*.inp)gretl version %s
gretl: ADF testgretl: ADF-GLS testgretl: ARCH testgretl: CUSUM test outputgretl: CUSUMSQ test outputgretl: Chow testgretl: Chow test outputgretl: Compact datagretl: Expand datagretl: GARCHgretl: GMMgretl: Hurst exponentgretl: KPSS testgretl: LM test gretl: LM test (autocorrelation)gretl: QLR test outputgretl: RESET testgretl: TRAMO analysisgretl: VARgretl: VAR covariance matrixgretl: VAR lag selectiongretl: VECMgretl: Wald omit testgretl: X-12-ARIMA analysisgretl: add distribution graphgretl: add infogretl: add random variablegretl: add scalargretl: add vargretl: autocorrelationgretl: bootstrap analysisgretl: boxplot datagretl: boxplotsgretl: case markergretl: coefficient confidence intervalsgretl: coefficient covariancesgretl: cointegration testgretl: collinearitygretl: command entrygretl: command loggretl: command referencegretl: command scriptgretl: common factor testgretl: compact datagretl: create data setgretl: create dummy variablesgretl: critical valuesgretl: data delimitergretl: data filesgretl: data formatgretl: data infogretl: database descriptiongretl: databases on %sgretl: databases on servergretl: define graphgretl: deletegretl: display datagretl: display database seriesgretl: distribution graphsgretl: drop observationsgretl: edit Ox programgretl: edit R commandsgretl: edit datagretl: edit data infogretl: edit matrixgretl: edit plot commandsgretl: errorgretl: expand datagretl: findgretl: forecastgretl: forecastsgretl: function package editorgretl: function packagesgretl: function packages on %sgretl: function packages on servergretl: function referencegretl: generate lagsgretl: graphgretl: graph color selectiongretl: groupwise heteroskedasticitygretl: gui client for gretl version %s,
gretl: helpgretl: hypothesis testgretl: import %s datagretl: informationgretl: iteration infogretl: linear restrictionsgretl: loading datagretl: maximum likelihoodgretl: missing codegretl: missing values infogretl: model %dgretl: model tablegretl: model testsgretl: name variablegretl: nonlinear least squaresgretl: nonparametric testsgretl: open datagretl: open sessiongretl: optionsgretl: p-valuegretl: p-value findergretl: panel model diagnosticsgretl: periodogramgretl: plot CDFgretl: plot a curvegretl: practice filesgretl: range-mean statisticsgretl: rename objectgretl: replacegretl: residual dist.gretl: restrict samplegretl: revised data setgretl: save datagretl: save matrixgretl: save textgretl: scalarsgretl: scanning fontsgretl: script outputgretl: seed for random numbersgretl: select formatgretl: session notesgretl: set samplegretl: simultaneous equations systemgretl: specify modelgretl: specify scalargretl: spreadsheet importgretl: storing datagretl: system covariance matrixgretl: test calculatorgretl: time-series filtergretl: transpose datagretl: uploadgretl: using these basic search paths:
gretl: variable attributesgretl: vector autoregressiongretl: warninggretl: working directorygretlcli.hlpgretlcli_hlp.txtgretlcmd.hlpgretlcmd_hlp.txtgretlgui.hlpgretlgui_hlp.txthas improved.
heighthelp file %s is not accessible
hourlyicon viewimpulse responsesimpulsesin separate small graphsinchesinclude a trendinclude observations columninclude seasonal dummiesincluding %d lags of (1-L)%sincluding one lag of (1-L)%sindex variableinnovational outliersinverse: y = a + b*(1/x)irregularirregular component of %sit seems there are no variable names
justificationkey positionlabel %d: laglag orderlag order:lagged differenceslagslags...lambda (higher values -> smoother trend):last observationlaunch calculatorleftleft bottomleft toplegendline %d: line widthline width factorlinear scalelinear: y = a + b*xlineslines/pointslist is emptylocal machinelog determinantlogarithmic scale, base:logisticlogistic CDFloglikelihoodlow and high lineslowermanual range:maximummaximum lag:meanmean of sample 1mean of sample 2minimummissing valuesmodelmodel table optionsmonochromemonth %s?
monthlymultiple plots arranged verticallymultiple scatterplotsnamenew scriptno ARCH effect is presentno change in parametersnon-zero tiesnonenonparametric testnormalnormal CDFnot setnot significant at the 10% level
number of regressors
(excluding the constant)omiton a single graphopen (edit) a function package on startupopen a database on startupopen a remote (web) database on startupopen datasetopen gretl consoleor specific lagsother...outsidep-valuep-value for %s testp-value for H0: slope = 0 is %g
p-values in bracketspanelparse error in '%s'
parsingplain textplus seasonal dummiespointpoint estimatepointspoissonport:position (X Y)predicted valuesprint version informationproportionproportion, sample 1proportion, sample 2purge missing observationsquarter %s?
quarterlyrangerange %g to %grange-mean plot forrank correlationraw quantiles versus N(0, 1)recognized lagged dependent variableremember the last-opened folderrenormalized alpharenormalized betaresample datasetresidual from model %drestrictionreversing the data!
rightright bottomright topright-tail probabilityright-tail probability = %grolling k-step ahead forecasts: k = row:sample meansample proportionsample sizesample size %d
sample size, nsample statussample variancesave commandssave graphsave sessionscalescanning for row labels and data...
scanning for variable names...
scatterplot with controlseasonally adjusted %sselect variableselection (or new variable)semicolonseparator for data columns:seriessession icon viewshaded areashapeshifts of levelshow plotshow regression resultssigmahat                 = %g

significant at the %g%% level (two-tailed)
significant figuressizesize of sample 1size of sample 2slopeslope of range against mean = %g
spacespecific lagssquared standardized residual from model %dsquares and cubessquares onlystacked cross sectionsstacked time seriesstandard errors in parenthesesstandard normalstandardize the datastandardized residualstandardized residual from model %dstart entering data valuesstarting obs '%s' is incompatible with frequencystatic forecaststd. devstd. deviationstd. deviation, sample 1std. deviation, sample 2stepsstopped after %d iterations
sum of observationssum of ranks, sample 1summary statisticssummary stats: t(%d)t-ratios in parenthesest-statistics in parenthesestabtaking date information from row labels

test down from maximum lag ordertest statistictest with constanttest without constanttextthe current directory as determined via the shellthe directory selected abovethe mean of the first n observationsthe mean of the whole seriesthe median difference is zerothe two medians are equaltimetime seriestime series by grouptime trend variabletime-seriestotoo many argumentstransitory changestranslator_creditstreating these as undated data

trend/cycletrend/cycle for %strialstrying to parse row labels as dates...
two-tailed probability = %gtypetype a filename to store output (enter to quit): undatedundefineduniformunit-root null hypothesis: a = 1unknownunknown data typeupperuse first difference of variableuse level of variableuse sample mean and variance for normal quantilesuser's guideusing %d sub-samples of size %d

using delimiter '%c'
using fixed column format
using resampled residualsvaluevariancevariance decompositionsvariance of sample 1variance of sample 2vecm: rank %d is out of boundswarning: some variable names were duplicated
warning: truncating data at row %d, column %d
weeklyweibullwidthwith constantwith constant and quadratic trendwith constant and trendwith constant, trend and trend squaredwith least squares fitwith p-value = %g
with p-value = %g

with simulated normal errorsx minimumx rangey axisz-score = %g, with two-tailed p-value %.4f
z-score = %g, with two-tailed p-value %g
zero differencesProject-Id-Version: gretl 1.8.0
Report-Msgid-Bugs-To: 
POT-Creation-Date: 2010-06-23 14:33-0400
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要看某一個指令的說明, 請輸入: help [該指令]

需要某一函數之說明, 請輸入: help 函數名稱
  虛無假設 H0: 下列迴歸之自變數係數 = 0

  虛無假設 H0: 迴歸自變數之係數 = 0


輸入"help" 可列出所有可用指令

--- FINAL VALUES: 

ADF 單根檢定 for %s

對變數 %s 之 DF 檢定 

Equality of variances test


指令執行有誤: 已中斷

次數分配 (Frequency distribution) for %s, obs %d-%d

Hausman 檢定矩陣並非正定 (is not positive definite) (這個結果可能被設認定是
"無法拒絕" 隨機效果 (random effects) 之設定.

KPSS 檢定 for 變數 %s %s


變數 '%s' 的連數 (number of runs) (R)  = %d

請修改變數名稱後,再試一次
讀取中
讀取 header 檔: %s

讀取分析檔 (session file) %s

========= Engle-Granger 共整合檢定 結果判讀 =========

如果以上的檢定, 同時出現以下的情況, 則很明顯的有共整合關係 :
(a) 個別變數的單根檢定皆無法被拒絕, 
(b) 殘差 (uhat) 的單根檢定被拒絕 (殘差係來自於共整合迴歸)

可用的 gretl 指令有:

你必需在指令行中輸入資料檔的名稱
你可以在指令行 (gretl console) 輸入一個資料檔名.
可用參數:
 -b or --batch     執行指令檔 (script) 後離開
 -r or --run       執行指令檔 (script) 後停留在指令行
 -h or --help      輸出此資訊後離開
 -v or --version   Print version info and exit.
 -e or --english   Force use of English rather than translation.
 -q or --quiet     Print less verbose program information.
Example of batch mode usage:
 gretlcli -b myfile.inp >myfile.out
Example of run mode usage:
 gretlcli -r myfile.inp

gretlcli: 指令檔執行有誤: 已經停止執行 (halting)
                        Real  Imaginary    Modulus  Frequency                     mean of      std. dev. of     mean of     std. dev. of
                    estimated      estimated      estimated      estimated
      Variable     coefficients   coefficients   std. errors    std. errors

      VARIABLE         COEFFICIENT      %g%% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL

   %s: 可能代表「年」...    %s: 可能不是代表「年」
   Estimated standard error = %g
   找到矩陣 '%s'  含 %d 列 (rows), %d 行 (columns)
   虛無假設 H0: 兩母體平均數相等
   Ratio of sample variances = %g
   Test statistic: t(%d) = %g
   但日期格式不完整也不一致
   一定不是 4 位數的年變數標記
   第 1 列資料註記為 "%s", 最後1 列資料註記為 "%s"
   標記字串中沒有一致的日期格式
   變數列: %s
   最長的一行有 %d 字元 (characters)
   欄 (column) 的數目 = %d
   data blocks 之數目: %d
   非空白行數: %d
   樣本數: %d
   匯入 %d 變數
   p值 (雙尾 two-tailed) = %g

   似乎有樣本標記
變數名稱 %d... 遺失: 程序中斷
   警告: 變數 %d 在觀察值位置 %d 處有遺漏值 (missing values)
 (例如: help qrdecomp)
 (例如: help smpl)
 無 (none)
平均數之 95%% 信賴區間: %g to %g
 在圖上按滑鼠鍵會出現選單 DW  Drag to define zoom rectangle 消去 %-16s (p 值 %.3f)
F分配輸入欲尋找之字串: For %g%% confidence intervals, t(%d, %g) = %.3f
 For %g%% confidence intervals, z(%g) = %.2f
尚未載入資料檔 Prob(x <= %d) = %g
 Prob(x = %d) = %g
資料檔平均數之標準誤 (standard error) = %g
 std. errort分配"%s" 不是 gretl 的指令...
"%s" 並未定義.
"由計量學者替計量使用者設計之軟體."# 記綠指令分析檔,  如果此檔要被執行l
# 可能需要再編輯修正
中括號中之數字為 p 值 ($p$-values)%20c%s 和 %s 被繪成相同的 scale

%8c%d 並非有效的變數代碼%d 個遺漏值 (missing values)%g 和 %g 分位數%g percent 臨界值%g percent interval%g%% 信賴區間 = %g to %g%s (n = %d, %s)找到 %s
%s 不是一個常數%s page %d of %d%s 已被替換
%s versus %s (with quadratic fit)%s, 樣本從 %s 到 %s%s, 樣本數 從 1 到 %d%s, 第 %d 頁%s, response = %s, treatment = %s:%s, 使用中之子樣本範圍: %s%s%s%s, 使用中之子樣本範圍 %s - %s%s: 全部樣本 %s - %s%s: 未發現 BOF record%s: 參數 %d 應該是 %s%s: 參數應該是 %s%s: 不能處理這種轉換%s: 未設定任何參數%s: 並非字串變數 (string variable)%s: 參數數目不足
%s: 要匯入資料之樣本期間
與目前工作之資料檔不符%s: 運算域 %d 應該是 %s%s: 運算域應該是 %s%s: 少了必要參數%s: 設定 %d 個觀察值為 "遺漏值"
%s: 抱歉, 尚無任何說明.
%s; 目前使用樣本 %s - %s'%s' -- 沒有任何數值轉換被執行!'%s' -- 超過樣本範圍'%s' : 尚不能用在矩陣運算'%s' : only defined for matrices'%s' and '%s': 無法取得日期格式
'%s' 是 常數項'%s' 並不是虛擬變數 (dummy variable)'%s' 並不是變數的名稱 (注意英大小寫是否有誤!)'%s' 是 gretl 的內建函數'%s' 並不是 gretl 的指令'%s' 不能用來當做變數名稱...'%s': 錯誤的參數 for %s()
變數名稱 '%s'  太長 (最長允計 15 字元)
'%s': 無法辨視的名稱 (unrecognized name)(%d%% 臨界值 %s %.2f)('*' indicates a leverage point)(10%% 值= %.2f)(詳細請參見「指令參考說明」(command reference) 之指令語法)(排除遺漏值樣本)(包含趨勢項)(排除遺漏值之變數 (missing values))(沒有任何說明)(未儲存)(無趨勢項)* 表示 10% 的顯著水準** 表示 5% 的顯著水準1 階自我相關係數 for e 均數差兩樣本比例2 變異數2 步驟估計法3D 圖三階段最小平方法 (3SLS)DW 統計量之 5% 臨界值=diff(%s), 取一階差分=ldiff(%s), 取對數再一階差分=log(%s), 取自然對數=sdiff(%s), 取季節差分你輸入的變數集名稱和已存在的變數集 (list) %s 同名你輸入的變數名稱和已存在的矩陣變數 %s 同名你輸入的變數名稱和已存在的數值變數 %s 同名現存資料中已有一個叫做 %s 的變數名稱你輸入的變數名稱和已存在的字串變數 %s 同名ADF-GLS 單根檢定AIC變異數分析 (ANOVA)變異數分析 (ANOVA)...ARAR order:ARCH order:ARCH q:ARIMAARI_MA...ARMAARMA initializationARMAXASCII files (*.txt)A_RCH 異質變異檢定有關 gretl內部函數 (Accessors)Actual and fitted %s新增新增一筆樣本新增變數新增曲線...新增為矩陣...將變數取一階差分新增方程式新增一條線...將變數取自然對數增加樣本數新增至資料檔中新增至資料中...新增至模型比較表 (model table)新增...新增/移除 套件函數已新增變數集 (list) '%s'
矩陣 %s 已新增已新增數值變數 (scalar): %s = %g全選 ->顯示所有資料標籤允許 shell 指令提醒我, 若有未儲存的變動時變異數分析年資料ApplyArellano--BondArellano-Bond重新排列圖示 (icons)遞增假設母體標準差相同假設出現正負號的機率相同假設標準差與母體值相同ADF 檢定迴歸式(Augmented Dickey--Fuller regression)ADF 檢定迴歸式(Augmented Dickey-Fuller regression)加入虛擬變數之 Chow 結構轉變檢定迴歸 (Augmented regression) )作者Auto-indent region %s 的自我相關函數 (ACF)自動自我相關模型 (AR model)RESET 形式檢定 (specification test) 之輔助迴歸 (Auxiliary regression)非線性檢定 (non-linearity test with log terms) 的輔助迴歸 (Auxiliary regression)非線性檢定 (non-linearity test with squared terms) 的輔助迴歸 (Auxiliary regression)可選擇的變數BFGS 最大概似演算法BHHH 最大概似演算法BIC回上一頁日期中有錯誤的字元: %d 日期中有錯誤的字元: '%c'錯誤的資料標籤:  %s基於 %d 次抽樣 (replications)Baxter-King Band-pass 法除了異常值 (additive outliers) 之外, 允許以下:Between-groupsBias proportion, $U^M$Bias proportion, UM組距: (%d) 是二進位 (binary) 資料: 這不是一個一般的文字檔
Block箱形圖 (Boxplot)選擇子目錄...依公式產生從資料變數產生輸入數值依樣本順序為 x 軸C.V.畫累積密度函數圖 (CDF)CSV files (*.csv)CUSUM 檢定 (結構轉變檢定)CUSUM_SQ 結構轉變檢定清除所有資料(_C)交叉自我相關圖(_r)計算機無法將 model 加入模型資料表-- 此 model 的應變數 (dependent variable) 和表中的不一樣找不到函數  '%s'無法開啟 %s 來讀取資料無法開啟子目錄 %s無法取得條件變異數 (h): 資料檔已變更無法取得資料變數 (series): 資料檔已變更無法取得殘差 (uhat): 資料檔已變更無法取得預測值 (yhat): 資料檔已變更取消無法刪除 %s; 該變數正在使用中無法刪除所有指定的變數無法刪除指定的變數無法開啟 clipboard置中 (Centered)置中 (centered) %d-期移動平均 of %s檢查有無更新版(_u)卡方分配 (Chi-square)Chi-square(%d)選取Chow 檢定, 結構轉變位置:  %sChow 結構轉變檢定, 依虛擬變數:  %s清除清除所有資料標籤清除所有資料後, 將會結束目前的工作
確定要繼續執行此功能?關閉關閉視窗關閉輸出檔 '%s'
Cochrane--Orcutt 轉換Cochrane-Orcutt 轉換Coefficient係數共變數矩陣(_m)係數共變數矩陣Coefficient on %s共整合向量 (Cointegrating vectors)共整合檢定共整合 rank第 %d 條線顏色: 殘差圖 (重疊畫)用逗號當區隔符號指令 '%s' 已被略過; 因為在系統方程式中不適用
指令中參數數目不足編譯 TeX 檔之啟動路徑GNU R 啟動路徑gnuplot 啟動路徑DVI 檔案啟動路徑Command to view PDF filesCommand to view postscript filesComment lineComment region以平均方式轉換以加總方式轉換將日資料轉為週資料將日資料轉為:將小時資料轉為:將月資料轉為:將季資料轉換為年資料將週資料轉為月資料未成功轉換資料 (可能少了某些樣本資料)...資料頻率轉換 (由高轉低) 設定:比較 Model %d 和 Model %d:
計算信賴區間計算標準差條件最大概似法(Conditional Maximum Likelihood)信賴區間橢圓圖 (_ellipse)...信賴區間信賴水準信賴水準 Confidence level...設定設定 Tab 鍵位置確認資料類型: 控制變數 (Control variable)在 %d 次反覆運 (iterations) 後, 已經滿足設定之收歛標準 (convergence achieved)
收歛容許值 (Convergence tolerance):複製複製為 CSV 檔...複製為: Copy buffer 是空的複製資料複製至記憶體中Correlation Coefficients相關係數矩陣相關係數自我相關圖樣本範圍可能介於 %s - %s
無法存取二進位 (binary) 型式之資料檔無法存取繪圖資訊無法建立子目錄: '%s'找不到可用的終端機 (terminal program)無法開啟指令檔 '%s'
Couldn't find usable socket driver
找不到任何 gretl 函數套件資訊無法開啟 %s無法開啟 %s 檔
無法開啟並寫入 %s  無法開啟 '%s'無法開啟資料庫的二進位元 (binary) 檔無法開啟資料庫的 index 檔無法開啟檔案: %s無法開啟指令檔 "%s"
無法寫入 '%s': gretl 無法正確運作迴歸係數之共變數矩陣臨界值(Critical value) = %g異常值之臨界值 (critical value for outliers):臨界值		交叉表分析(Cross _Tabulation)交叉自我相關圖Cross-equation 共變數矩陣交叉相乘項 (Cross-products)Cross-sectional 橫斷面資料橫斷面資料 使用中樣本使用中樣本數: %d observations
日資料Daily 日資料 (5 days)Daily 日資料 (6 days)Daily 日資料 (7 days)取一天代表週資料資料已新增成功
資料錯誤資料檔中無資料 (Data file is empty)
資料頻率不相符
資料說明(Data info)變數 '%s' 有遺漏值 (data missing)此套件所需資料類型資料長度不正確 (missing or invalid)
資料變數(Data set)資料檔無法被判定為「追踨資料」(panel)
請先進行必要的設定, 例如請在主選單點選 "樣本/設定子樣本範圍, 開始" 資料類型設定資料已轉置資料類型不符, 所以無法執行資料工具 (Data utilities)資料庫資料庫已安裝
要現在開啟嗎?資料庫剖析時在變數 '%s' 上發生錯誤資料庫伺服器名稱資料庫資料資料類型轉換 (_s)...樣本範圍增加了 %d 筆日期 (YYYY-MM-DD)日期字串格式不一致 (Date strings inconsistent)日期資料類型不符Decennial 10年資料產生新變數 (_n)...產生新變數集 (list)定義新矩陣定義變數集 (list) 名稱產生新變數...定義或編輯變數集 (_list)刪除刪除函數套件檔函數 '%s' 已刪除
矩陣變數 %s 已被刪除數值變數 (scalar) %s 已被刪除%s 已被刪除Density應變數 (Dependent variable)應變數 (dependent variable) 的值全是0, 無法跑迴歸模型應變數(Dependent variable): %s
遞減Description說明:變數附註說明敘述統計分量迴歸偵測與修正異常值 (outliers)矩陣行列式 (determinant)共變數矩陣行列式 (determinant)ADF 檢定未發現任何符合條件之觀察值Difference test 差異性檢定Difference 差分階次 :顯示 顯示 PDF 檔顯示估計值 (所有的方程式)顯示名稱 (在圖形中顯示)顯示殘差 (所有的方程式)顯示變數值Disturbance proportion, $U^D$Disturbance proportion, UD你真的想要將低頻率 (lower frequency) 資料轉成
高頻率 (higher frequency)
如果確定, gretl 將會將原始資料轉成
重覆 %d 次.  也就是說, 這樣的轉換
可能會有問題.你想要儲存你剛剛對資料的變動嗎?你想要儲存你剛剛執行的變動嗎?你想要儲存你剛剛變動的分析檔 (session) 嗎?已完成
Doornik-Hansen 檢定排除變數有遺漏值之樣本(_m)以所選變數產生「虛擬變數」(_d)Durbin-Watson statisticEPS 檔結束(_x)編輯編輯變數屬性編輯此函數編輯套件函數資訊編輯函數套件編輯 GNU plot 指令 編輯示範用法指令檔編輯變數值Eigenvalue空的樣本 []
模擬 Windows 外觀啟動支授 Ox 所有的值都編碼將變數編碼為虛擬變數(dummies)結束位置結束:內生變數English (A4 paper)English (US letter paper)輸入變數名稱請輸入數值請輸入樣本篩選條件:替新樣本增加資料註記 (case market)
(最多 8 個字元)請輸入在迴圈 (loop) 之中要執行的指令, 否則請輸入 'endloop' 以跳出迴圈
請為此新變輸入公式, 例如 x1 = 10+0.4*y, 或 scalar p =0.5, 或 matrix coef=$coeff 
(或者只輸入變數名稱, 稍候再手動輸入資料))輸入新變數的公式:請輸入欄 (column) 變數的名稱
(最多 12 個英文字)請輸入第一個變數的名稱
(最多 15 個英文字)請為此新變數, 輸入名稱
(最多 15 個英文字)請輸入新的名稱
(最多 31 個英文字元)輸入將被視為"遺漏值"之代碼值:開啟檔案時發生錯誤Error estimating Hurst exponent model
估計固定效果時, 模型發生錯誤
估計隨機效果時, 模型發生錯誤
估計組距-均數模型時有誤
產生指標 (index) 變數時有錯誤取對數時發生錯誤取平方時有錯誤產生時間趨勢變數時有錯誤arma 指令有誤錯誤訊息來自於 %s:
工作檔 header 讀取錯誤
無法從伺服器取得資料...儲存模型資訊時有錯誤估計受限式模型 (reduced model)估計機率密度圖 (_density plot)...模型估計估計法Ex. kurtosisEx.\ kurtosis完全最大概似法(Exact Maximum Likelihood)估計時發生 (近似) 線性重合問題 除了常數項 (const) 之外, p-值 最大的變數代碼是 %d (變數 %s)執行Execute lineExecute region外生變數 (Exogenous variables)將年資料轉換為:季資料轉月資料 (季資料除以3)公式中預期應有 '%c', 但此公式並沒有
預期有 '%c' 但卻發現 '%s'
預期是數字, 但發現是字串:
%s" 在第 %d 列 (row), 第 %d 行 (column)
期望值指數平滑法%s 的指數平滑轉換 (權重參數: %g)匯出為 CSV 檔...將「變數標籤」匯出另存新檔將「資料註記」另存新檔無法執行外部指令 (External command failed)資料中有奇怪的字元: '%c' 資料中有奇怪的字元 (0x%x)F(%d, %d)F-form完全資訊最大概似法 (FIML)無法計算 Jacobian無法計算臨界值無法計算 Hessian 數值無法計算 p 值無法計算該統計量
無法產生空的資料檔無法下載檔案無法執行 x12arima 功能無法反轉 (flip) "%s" 的狀態
無法取得 workbook 資訊無法剖析 (parse) gnuplot 檔無法剖析變數資訊無法處理 Excel 檔無法取得資料說明無法儲存資料 comments
檔案選擇顏色篩選器 (Filter)濾波法 (Filters)尋找...尋找:變數名稱第一個字 ('%c') 不符命名規則
(第一個字必須為英文字母)變數名稱第一個字 ('%c') 不符命名規則
(第一個字必須為英文字母)變數名稱第一個字 (0x%x) 不符命名規則
(第一個字必須為英文字母)固定效果固定寬度字形設定固定寬度字形...固定效果字形選擇字形 與 大小圖之字形gretl output 視窗字形選單和標籖之字形字形名稱對 logit 和 probit 模型而言, $R^2$ 係指 McFadden's pseudo-$R^2$對 logit 和 probit 模型而言, R-squared 係指 McFadden's pseudo-R-squared對 logit 和 probit 模型而言, R{\super 2} 係指 McFadden's pseudo-R{\super 2}係數 %s  (點估計值 = %g) 之:預測評估統計量 (Forecast evaluation statistics)預測區間:預測之變異數分解公式:部份差分法部份共整合檢定錯誤 (Fractional integration test failed)資料頻率次數分配星期五 (Friday)完全資訊最大概似法 (FIML)全部樣本數: %d observations
顯示全部細節全部樣本Function evaluations: %d
函數名稱必須要以一個英文字母開頭函數套件 (function package) %s自訂函數套件有錯誤函數參考說明GARCH p:GARCH: p > 0 and q = 0: the model is unidentifiedGLSGMM: 請輸入函數與正交條件 (orthogonality conditions):GNU R files (*.R)GNU _R...一般設定一般化的 Cochrane-Orcutt 估計法一般化動差法 (GMM)變數繪圖資料已產生已產生變數集 (list) %s矩陣 %s 已產生已產生數值變數 (scalar) %s已產生變數 %s (變數代碼 %d)字串變數 %s 已經產生產生字串: %s
Gini 係數Gnuplot 的顏色Gnuplot 繪圖發生錯誤Gradients at last iterationGradients:  圖繪差分時間序列圖畫濾波法 (filtered) 後之時間序列圖線寬度:畫原始和平滑後變數時間序列圖畫殘差或週期時間序列圖繪圖Gretl 指令參考說明Gretl 函數參考說明 (Function Reference)群組異質變異 (Groupwise heteroskedasticity)H0: 均數差 =H0: 兩樣本比例差異 = 0H0: Ratio of variances 變異數比率 = 1H0: 平均數 =H0: 樣本比例 =H0: 變異數 =異質變異校正 HCCMEHQCHTTP proxy (ipnumber:port)HTTP proxy: 第1欄必須為 IP 網址殘差異質變異校正 WLS (_hsk)...Hausman 檢定矩陣並非正定 (is not positive definite)Heckit說明指令輔助說明說明:附屬函數殘差異質變異校正 WLS 殘差異質變異校正 WLS 異質變異-穩健標準誤 (Heteroskedasticity-robust standard errors-Robust standard errors)高精準度 OLS (_p)...High-Precision OLSHildreth--LuHildreth-LuHodrick-Prescott 法Hourly 時資料變數代碼 ID若你沒有註冊登入 gretl server 的帳號
請參考 http://gretl.ecn.wfu.edu/apply/ 的說明.
按以下 'Website' 按鈕應該會在你的瀏覽器中
閞啟該網頁.匯入資料 衝擊反應函數 (Impulse responses)衝擊反應函數 (在同個圖)含常數項 (Include a constant)含趨勢項 (Include a trend)含季節 (週期) 虛擬變數 (seasonal dummies)含時間虛擬變數 (time dummies)橫斷面單位數 = %d 不相容的選項Incomplete entry樣本資料註記不一致
Indent region自變數 (Independent variables)索引 (Index)Index value %d 超出範圍 (out of bounds)說明資訊填入數值:插入一筆樣本安裝資料不足 (Insufficient data)資料不足, 無法產生 %s 變數的次數分配跑迴歸時自由度不足(樣本數不足) 此項操作所需之樣本數不足區間迴歸 (Interval regression)函數所需之參數數目不正確工作表資料匯入參數有誤錯誤的字元 '%c'
資料檔格式錯誤
變數或矩陣宣告錯誤 (invalid declaration)資料標籤位置錯誤, 必須為 X Y不正確的落後階次 (lag order) %dARCH 落後階次有誤 (%d)null sample 有問題錯誤的選項 (option) '--%s'函數套件檔案名稱錯誤: 檔案名稱必需以1個英文字母開始,
而且長度不能超過 32 字元, 也僅能含有
ASCII 字元, 數字 和 底線 '_', 附檔名必需是 ".gfn"無法執行 Chow 檢定 (invalid sample split)不規則成份變數 (irregular)ItalianIterated GMM反覆運算估計Jarque-Bera (JB) 檢定Johansen 共整合檢定KPSS 檢定迴歸KPSS 單根檢定最小絕對誤差法 LADLIMLLaTeX資料標籤落後期數 (Lag order)ADF 檢定落後階次 (lag order):ARCH 檢定落後階次 (lag order):KPSS 檢定落後階次 (lag order):欲檢定之落後期數 (lag order):落後階次 (lag order):落後期 (lag truncation parameter) = %d
自變數取落後期內生變數之落後期設定顯示語系放大最小絕對誤差法 (L_AD)...版權權明 (license)概似值比例檢定 (Likelihood ratio test)概似值比例檢定 (Likelihood ratio test) for (G)ARCH terms概似值比例檢定 (Likelihood ratio test) for 分組異質性 (groupwise heteroskedasticity)Lilliefors 檢定限制資訊最大概似法 (LIML)線性代數 (Linear algebra)線性限制式線條 LinesAR 落後期 list列出變數Listing %d variables:
變數表列Ljung-Box Q'Lmax testLo_gistic...已載入?本機(local machine)本機電腦安裝情形對數轉換 (Log transformation)登入帳號LogisticLogistic 模型Logit在伺服器尋找Lower下界 (Lower bound) variableMA order:最大概似法 (ML)ML HeckitMLEMLE: 請輸入函數公式與一階導數 (derivatives) 公式:Mahalanobis 距離Mail setup主圖設定主要工作子目錄回主視窗PNG 圖檔有問題使用手冊數學 (Mathematical)矩陣運算 (Matrix building)矩陣轉置 (inversion) 失敗
可能是限制條件不一致或重覆定義
矩陣轉置 (inversion) 失敗: 可能是限制條件不一致或重覆定義矩陣並非正定 (is not positive definite)矩陣存取 (Matrix shaping)Maximum最大反覆計算次數(max. interations):最大落後期數 (max. lag):指令行長度不能超過 (%d 字元)!
已超過指令行中所允許之最長字數 (8192 bytes)最大概似值 (Maximum likelihood)最大概似法(Maximum likelihood estimation)MeanMean Absolute ErrorMean Absolute Percentage Error平均誤差 (mean error)Mean Percentage ErrorMean Squared Error均數修正 (mean correction)Median功能表字形設定功能表字形...MessageMinimum最低的 gretl 版本最小可能值 = 1.0第1組的最小值:(因不連續) 遺漏之日資料筆數: %d
遺件子樣的資料; 無法合併資料變數 %d, 在觀察值位置 %d 處有遺漏值 (missing value) 之問題變數有遺漏值 (missing values) 的問題Model %d模型已被加入模型比較表中模型估計所用之樣本範圍: %s - %s此模型已經在模型資料表中了模型比較表(model table)模型比較表已清除模型比較表已不能再加入模型了矩陣 %s 已修改變數 %s 已修改 (變數代碼 %d)星期一 (Monday)月資料Multinomial Logit高精準度 OLSN(%g, %g)NBER recessions非線性最小平方法 (NLS)NLS: 請輸入函數公式與一階導數 (derivatives) 公式:NLS: 一階導數 (derivatives) 公式似乎不正確NLS:  在 %d 次反覆運算 (iterations) 後, 仍無法收歛 (failed to converge)變數名稱變數名稱包含了不符規則的字元 (位置: %d)
只能用字母, 數字 和 底線輸入分割子樣本之虛擬變數:填入選擇變數集名稱:變數名稱:變數名稱:網路狀態: %s網路狀態: OK新 (New)資料格式不符而無法新增
新的檔案可以從以下所列示之 gretl web site 取得
http://gretl.sourceforge.net/新檔案已可從 gretl 網站下載.
檔案大小共 %u bytes.

你想要先離開 gretl, 然後更新檔案嗎?
(或者稍後, 再用 gretl_updater.exe 來更新)新矩陣開新視窗開新的...匯入資料過程正常沒有指令可執行不含常數項 (no constant)未發現任何資料!
找不到任何函數套件無資料可繪圖沒有發現任何已知的資料庫目前並沒有資料庫檔沒有任何說明沒有任何不連續變數 (discrete variables) 被選定產生變數的公式是空白的未給定算式沒有定義任何函數找不到任何函數套件目前在本機電腦上並沒有發現任何自訂函數套件
你想要自行撰寫一個函數套件嗎?未在本電腦中發現「自訂函數套件」(function packages)未在本電腦中發現「自訂函數套件」(function packages)
你想要連上 gretl 伺服器找看看可用的「自訂函數套件」嗎?在執行消去變數 (omit variable) 檢定後, 迴歸式中已沒有任何自變數沒有任何自變數被消去 (omitted)No list of endogenous variables was given目前沒有定義任何變數集 (list)不進行對數轉換 (No Log transformation)不進行均數修正 (no mean correction)沒有設定遺漏值 (missing data values)無任何 model變數集 (list) 未命名沒有任何新變數被加入 (added)目前沒有定義任何數值變數尚未定義任何資料變數 (no series)
沒有資料變數可編輯無沒有適合的資料無復原的資訊可用無符合規則之資料變數沒有變數被讀取
沒有發現任何工作表 (worksheets)非線性 LM 檢定 (加入取自然對數項)(_l)非線性 LM 檢定 (加入平方項)(_q)非線性檢定: 加入取對數項 (logs)非線性檢定: 加入平方項 (sqiares)非季節性參數設定取非季節差分:非標準之資料頻率無 (None)無 (不轉換成週資料, 並轉成無日期資料)常態分量散佈圖 (Normal Q-Q plot)常態分量散佈圖(_Q-Q plot)...在計算中, 這並非是數字未安裝在 10%% 的水準下不顯著Note:Note: * 表示殘差超過 2.5 倍的標準誤 附註說明Null hypothesis虛無假設 H0: 平均數差 = %g
虛無假設 H0: 母體變異數相等l
虛無假設 H0: 母體均數 = %g
虛無假設 H0: 母體比例 = %g
虛無假設 H0: 母體變異數 = %g
虛無假設 H0: 母體比例相等
虛無假設 H0: 迴歸自變數  %s 之係數 = 0分成幾組:重新抽樣數欄數 (columns):橫斷面單位數Number of differences: n = %d
輸入要新增的落後期數樣本數 = %d
輸入要取移動平均的期數輸入要增加的樣本數要選擇的樣本數 (最多 %d)請輸入樣本數: 預測區間前, 要繪圖之樣本觀察值個數:重覆次數:列數 (rows):時間長度數值法 (Numerical methods)敘述統計Numerical summary with bootstrapped confidence interval for median是否取代已存在之變數?確定覆寫 (overwrite) 嗎?OK, 繼續使用目前的資料檔
OLSOLS 模型輸入欲檢定之結構轉變點:樣本數超出範圍 (out of bounds)樣本數樣本數: %d樣本數: %d; 樣本期間共有 %d 天
Octave 指令Offset variable從本機讀取 (_l)...從伺服器讀取 (_s)...從伺服器資料庫讀取資料 (_s)...gretl 啟動後, 預設之工作子目錄為要執行的新增變數檢定中, 已有 1 或多個變數已存在於原有的自變數之中 (One or more "added" vars were already present)有 1 個或多個變數名稱遺失
開啟開啟開啟之 header 檔 %s 中
並沒有發現變數名稱 (list of variables) (必須以分號 (semicolon) 結尾 )開啟新資料檔時, 將會關閉現在使用中之資料檔, 要繼續? (y/n) 閞啟新檔會自動關閉目前使用中之資料檔
任何未儲存之操作將消失
要繼續閞啟另一新檔嗎?閞啟新分析檔 (session file) 會自動關閉目前使用中之分析檔
任何未儲存之操作將消失
要繼續閞啟另一新分析檔嗎?Ordered LogitOrdered Probit一般最小平方法 (OLS)其它 (Other)其它線性模型 (_l)記憶體不足
記憶體不足! 記憶體不足
異常值分析結果顯示分析結果:Ox files (*.ox)Ox 程式p值 (p-value)P-值最大的變數代碼是 %d (變數名稱 %s)p值($F$)P-value(F)PDF 檔使用手冊之語言與 PDF 偏好PNG 圖格式函數套件名稱自訂函數套件摘要色盤Panel 追蹤資料追蹤資料追踨資料 (Panel data) (%s)
有 %d 個橫斷面資料 (cross-sectional units),  時間長度是 %d 期追蹤資料虛擬變數 (panel dummy) 已經產生
Parameters: 密碼密碼:貼上R 程式的路徑oxl executable 的路徑tramo 的路徑x12arima 的路徑或許你必需調整開始的列 (column) 或列 (row)?週期虛擬變數已經存在
已產生週期虛擬變數.
請替此套件函數 (package) 新增一個使用範例說明請先新增一個變數請先關閉物件視窗參見所附之 gretl 資料檔 (.gdt): %s參見所附之 gretl 指令檔 (.inp): %s請輸入係數的數目請先開啟資料檔信賴區間選擇、繪圖選項:繪圖 dimensions:Plot 圖檔毀損Pooled OLSPrais--WinstenPrais-Winsten預測預覽 (preview)預覽 (Preview text)列印將遺漏值 (missing values) 輸出為: 列印...輸出顯示機率 Prob機率可能是年資料 (annual data)
可能是月資料 (monthly data)
可能是季資料 (quarterly data)
可能是週資料 (weekly data)
Probit看資料匯入經過的偵錯結果播放 MIDI 檔之程式程式指令程式結束時提示存分析檔矩陣  %s 之性質矩陣 X'X 的性質公用函數分量散佈圖 (Q-Q plot)Quandt 結構轉變檢定 (移動式 Chow 檢定)Quandt 結構轉變概似值比例檢定 (LR test for structural break): 結構變轉變點未知,
樣本數前後各減去 15%分量迴歸估計值 with %g%% band分量迴歸 (Quantile regression)季資料季資料或月資料R 指令檔RATS 資料之子目錄RESET 模型設定檢定RESET 模型設定檢定隨機選取子選本 (_a)隨機效果隨機效果 (GLS)Range %d to %d 不是正數!Range 不是正數!組距-均數統計量 (Range-mean statistics) for %s
已達所設定之最多反覆計算次數, %d真的要定義一個空的變數集 (list) 嗎?真的要刪除 %s?真的要刪除最後 %d 筆觀察值嗎?真的要刪除在資料庫 '%s' 中
所選的變數嗎?條件數倒數 (Reciprocal condition number)移動逐次更新 (向前 %d 期) 預測重新定義函數 '%s' 精簡結果 (Reduced output)重設數字顯示格式更新顯示Regression proportion, $U^R$Regression proportion, URRegression residuals (= observed - fitted %s)自變數相對機率 (Relative frequency)記住視窗大小移除移除變數標籤移除「樣本資料註記」更名全部取代取代成:取代...已被置換model %d 估計後所產生: 變數集 (list) %s 已被置換已取代原有的變數集 '%s'
矩陣 %s 已被置換數值變數 (scalar) %s 已被置換變數 %s 已被置換 (變數代碼 %d)字串變數 %s 已被置換已取代字串 %s
殘差重新抽樣 (Resample residuals)重新抽樣 (Resampling)Rescaled range figures for %sRescaled-range plot for回復為預設值殘差「自我相關函數」 (Residual ACF)殘差「偏自我相關函數」(Residual PACF)殘差分量散佈圖(_Q-Q plot)殘差自我相關圖 (_correlogram)殘差頻譜圖 (_spectrum)殘差自我相關函數 (Residual ACF)%d-期移動平均 of 變數 %s 之殘差 (residual)%s 的指數平滑換後之殘差 (權重參數: %g)殘差圖 (分別畫)殘差 from 方程式%s 的衝擊反應, 對來自於...恢復為全貌檢示含(限制)常數項 (Restricted constant)受限最大概似值 (Restricted log-likelihood)含(限制)趨勢項 (Restricted trend)限制式讀取資料...穩健變異數估計值 (Robust estimate of variance)使用穩健標準誤 (Robust standard errors)使用穩健標準誤 (Robust standard errors)/區間Root Mean Squared Error執行指令接續上一次結果, 繼續顯示執行結果清除上一次結果, 只顯示此次執行結果連檢定 (Runs test)隨機性檢定 (連檢定, runs test)(一階差分)隨機性檢定 (連檢定, runs test)似無關迴歸法 (SUR)Sample 1:
 樣本數 (n) = %d, 平均數 = %g, 標準差 = %g
樣本 1:
 樣本數 (n) = %d, 比例 = %g
樣本 1:
 樣本數 (n) = %d, 變異數 = %g
Sample 2:
 樣本數 (n) = %d, 平均數 = %g, 標準差 = %g
樣本 2:
 樣本數 (n) = %d, 比例 = %g
樣本 2:
 樣本數 (n) = %d, 變異數 = %g
Sample _periodogramSample is too small for Hurst exponent樣本太少, 無法繪組距-均數圖
樣本太少, 以致無法計算常態分配下的 p-值
樣本均數 = %g, 標準差 = %g
已排除遺漏值之觀察值, 資料目前皆為完整值樣本樣本比例 = %g
樣本大小: n = %d
樣本變異數 = %g
殘差的樣本變異數-共變數矩陣 (Sample variance-covariance matrices for residuals)星期六 (Saturday)儲存將您執行過的指令儲存成紀錄檔 (*.inp)另存為另存為 PDF 檔...另存為 PNG 檔...另存為 TeX 檔...另存為 Windows metafile (EMF) 檔...存入分析檔為圖示 (icon) 後關閉視窗 (_o)另存為 postscript (EPS) 檔...另存為指令檔 (script)另存為...將拔靴法 (bootstrap) 產生之資料另存新檔要儲存剛才的更動嗎?另存季節成份 (cyclical componen) 為變數:儲存資料另存新檔(_a)儲存濾波法處理後之變數為儲存函數另存成變數:儲存分析檔另存分析檔 (_a)...另存平滑後 (smoothed) 變數為:儲存一般文字檔儲存分析後之變數:存入檔案存入分析檔(_a)存入分析檔中為圖示 (icon)儲存...數值變數 (Scalars)搜尋已完成季節性參數設定季節 AR 項:季節 MA 項:取季節差分:季節調整後之變數參見範例 (See example)設定值:似無關迴歸法 (SUR)全選(_a)輸入函數之參數:選擇要加總的係數選擇顏色選擇數字顯示格式選擇目錄選擇兩個變數選擇要取落後期的變數選擇要取對數的變數選擇要新加入的自變數選擇要複製的變數選擇要差分的變數選擇要顯示的變數選取要取對數再差分的變數選擇要消去的自變數選擇要繪圖的變數選擇要儲存的變數選擇要取平方的變數已選取的變數變數選擇寄送資料至...資料匯入的偵錯結果存檔至: %s逐次消去法
(依雙尾 p 值自動判斷)逐次消去法 (使用雙尾顯著水準 alpha = %.2f)資料已順利加入!變數 %s 找不到!已設定 %d 個觀察值為 "遺漏值"有 %d 個變數資料被設定為"遺漏值"有 %d 個變數資料被設定為"遺漏值"
設定為預設 (default)設定遺漏值(missing _value) 代碼...設定子樣本範圍從 shell 設定工作子目錄顯示顯示英文的說明顯示標準差 (_s)顯示細 t 值 (_t)Show bars顯示欄 (colomn) 的百分比詳列每一個觀察值中顯示遺漏值之個數只顯示資料顯示細節顯示反覆運算之詳細內容 (details of iterations)顯示估計之詳細內容 (details of regressions)顯示預測區間前樣本之配適值 (fitted values)顯示完整圖外方框顯示全部結果顯示完整的受限模型估計內容畫樣本分配圖顯示格線自動開啟分析檔圖示視窗 (icon view)顯示取落後期之變數顯示 p值顯示排序之等級顯示列 (row) 的百分比以星號顯示顯著水準顯示邊際效果 (在自變數為平均值時) (slopes at mean)小括號中數字為標準誤 (standard errors)小括號中數字為 t 值 (t-statistics)字形大小(_z)符號檢定 (Sign test)Sign test 符號檢定在 %d %% 水準下顯著拒絕虛無假設簡單移動平均法模擬常態殘差 (Simulate normal errors)Skewness省略對各別變數進行 ADF 檢定的前置步驟編碼但略過最大值編碼但略過最小值Slope縮小抱歉, ARMA 模型無法放在模型比較表 (model table) 中抱歉, 目前還不能處理這種轉換抱歉, 無法處理這種資料頻率的轉換抱欺, 指令不適用此種情況抱歉, 找不到說明檔 (help not found)抱歉, 尚未完成此功能!抱歉! 此指令無法在迴圈 (loop) 中執行
抱歉, 此項目尚未完成抱歉, 此模型無法放在模型比較表 (model table) 中排序依...排序資料來源每一 Tab 鍵空格SpanishSpearman's 等級相關係數 (rank correlation coefficient) (rho) = %.8f
Spearman's 等級相關 (rank correlation) 無法定義 (undefined)
輸入欲檢定之線性限制式 (restrictions) (目前不支援非線性限制式):
例如: b[1]=0 (單一方程式), b[2,3]+ 2*b[3,5] = 1 
(多個限制式時, 必須分行寫, 不是用逗號分隔)請輸入聯立方程式:選擇要繪圖的變數頻譜圖堆疊形之橫斷面資料 (stacked cross sections)堆疊形之時間序列資料 (stacked time series)採用標準之自動分析 (Standard automatic analysis)Standard deviationStandard error of the regression標準誤在小括號中的數字是標準差gretl 預設格式標準常態 (Standard normal)標準常態分配 (Standard normal distribution)將殘差標準化開始位置開啟 GNU _R匯入位置始於:開始:行 (column) 的開始值不正確 (out of bounds)
第一筆樣本始於列 (row) 的開始值不正確 (out of bounds)
統計統計Std. Dev.Std.\ Dev.步驟 %d: 跑共整合迴歸 (cointegrating regression)
步驟 %d: 對變數 %s 進行單根檢定(unit root test)
執行結果顯示設定...字串的 index 太大未找到要取代的字串字串 (Strings)資料類型Studentized %g%% confidence interval = %g to %gt分配之信賴區間Subject:迴歸係數和 =0 之檢定累計殘差平方和為負值!累計殘差平方和 (Sum of sq. of cum. residuals)摘要 (summary)敘述統計, 所使用的樣本為 %s - %s敘述統計, 所使用的樣本為 %s - %sSummary statistics星期日 (Sunday)指令或公式錯誤 (in command line)產生變數的公式之語法錯誤TSLS用 tab 當區隔符號注意: 變數代碼在刪除變數後, 已重新設定有版本更新, 通知我檢定是否服從 Gamma 分配檢定是否服從常態分配自動選擇 (從指定的最大落後階次往下選)
(test down from max. lag order)新增自變數檢定Test for difference between %s and %s %s 變數之常態性 (normality) 檢定殘差的常態性檢定 (normality test)檢定是否為「gamma分配」的虛無假設檢定是否為「常態分配」的虛無假設只對選擇的變數檢定Test statistic此檢定量 (test statistic) 無法計算: 請試試將此變數 - 中位數之後, 再進行檢定?
gamma 檢定值常態性檢定 (normality) 統計值: F(%d, %d) = %g
統計值: 卡方分配 chi-square(%d) = %d * %g/%g = %g
統計值: t(%d) = (%g - %g)/%g = %g
統計值: z = (%g - %g - %g)/%g = %g
統計值: z = (%g - %g) / %g = %g
統計值: z = (%g - %g)/%g = %g
統計值: z = [(%g - %g) - (%g)]/%g = %g
檢定指令 'dataset' 無法在套件函數中使用常態抽樣分配的假設
在此並不適用,  此檢定不執行.無指令紀錄收歛條件未被滿足此資料檔無任何相關資訊
你想要新增嗎?資料檔沒有適當的指標變數目前所使用的資料樣本是子樣本定義區間目前所使用的資料樣本是子樣本定義區間
目前所使用的資料樣本是子樣本定義區間
你現在想要恢復為全樣本 (full range) 嗎?目前所使用的資料樣本是子樣本定義區間
在資料頻率轉換前, 你必需恢復為全樣本
你現在想要恢復為全樣本 (full range) 嗎?目前所使用的資料樣本是子樣本定義區間.
在展開 (expanding) 資料前.
你現在想要恢復為全樣本 (full range) 嗎?此資料檔無「樣本資料註記」
你想要新增嗎 (從另一文字檔匯入)?此資料檔無「變數標籤」
你想要新增嗎 (從另一文字檔匯入)?此資料檔含有「樣本資料註記」
你想要?此資料檔含有「變數標籤」
你想要?變數顯示的名稱中, 不能有英文雙引號開啟檔案時之子目錄位置:第一筆起始值的計算法:目前匯入之資料檔將被設定為「無日期」或「橫斷面」(cross-sectional) 資料
你想現在設定資料類型為
「時間序列」或「追蹤資料」(panel data) 嗎?產生矩陣之公式是空白的最大值 F(%d, %d) = %g 出現在樣本位置 %s最大值必須大於 %g這個 model 已經包含 %s此模型之子樣本和資料檔中之樣本不相符,
選單中某些選項將無法選取.

你想要將子樣本回復為
原來模型的選擇範圍嗎?這個模型比較表 (model table) 中無任何資料此次之執行已被取消order 認定條件 (the order condition for identification) 不足
至少應該有 %d 個工具變數 (instruments)殘差已標準化此限制式無法認定 (identify) 參數Shell 指令無法啟動沒有你想要計算的統計值(或變數)符號 (symbol) '%s' 未定義
The two population variances are equal此變收 '%s' 之值並非是 0 或 1 的變數.變數 '%s' 並未設定為不連續 (not discrete)Theil's U沒有額外的樣本可刪除目前之工作檔並沒有樣本外空間可以進行「樣本外預測」(只能做樣本內預測) 
若你仍要做樣本外預測, 你可以進行以下的步驟:
1. 在主視窗上, 按 資料→編輯變數→樣本→新增樣本, 後再做適當的資料處理 , 方可進行預測
2. 減少估計時所用之樣本內的樣本數, 留一些做為樣本外預測之用目前之工作檔並沒有樣本外空間可以進行「樣本外預測」
你可以增加一些樣本來進行預測已經有同名的資料檔存在.
是否取代現有檔案?此名稱之變數已經存在
要取代現有的變數嗎?資料變數中有遺漏值各線條將依序使用以下顏色
除非有特別設定
你剛才的設定, 必需重新啟動 gretl 才會生效此指令只適用於 OLS 模型此資料檔無法被設定為追踨資料 (panel) 類型這是 gretl 更新通知系統中的一個檔
這個檔並不是 RATS 4.0 資料庫注意,此統計量並不服從標準的 F 分配;
此處之臨界值取自於 Stock and Watson (2003).3 階段最小平方法(Three-Stage Least Squares)星期四 (Thursday)時間趨勢變數Time series 時間序列資料頻率時間序列圖時間序列資料時間序列長度 = %d只使用時間序列模型 (Time-series model only)時間序列模型 + 季節調整 (seasonal adjustment)軸之變數名稱圖標題To_bit...Tobit主題平方和非正數 (positive)Trace test變數轉換函數資料轉置會將變數轉為置樣本觀察值,
而樣本觀察值將會轉置為變數
你要繼續執行嗎?將此變數視為不連續 (discrete) 變數Treatment variable趨勢或循環因子之變數 (Trend/cycle)TrueType 字形可能日期之格式為: DDMMYYYY
可能日期之格式為: MMDDYYYY
可能日期之格式為: YYYYMMDD
星期二 (Tuesday)兩階段最小平方法 (2SLS)兩階段最小平方法 (2SLS)雙尾 P 值雙尾 p 值 = %.4g
(單尾 = %.4g)
資料型態輸入 "open 檔案名稱" 即可開啟資料檔
輸入指令:資料型態無法存取檔案 %s.
Uncomment lineUncomment region不定日期資料: 全部樣本數 n = %d; 目前使用之樣本數 n = %d在獨立與出現正負值機率相同的虛無假設下
R 服從常態分配 N(%g, %g)
在獨立 (隨機性) 的虛無假設下, R 服從常態分配 N(%g, %g)
在無相關 (no correlation) 的虛無假設下 :
 在無差異的虛無假設下, W 服從 B(%d, %.1f) 分配
復原 (Undo)讀檔案時, 有非預期之錯誤
Unindent region單位或群組指標變數 (Unit or group index variable) '%s' 是未知的變數指令中有未知的變數名稱缷載附屬函數 (Unload member functions)無法辨識之資料型態含常數項 (Unrestricted constant)受限最大概似值 (Unrestricted log-likelihood)含趨勢項 (Unrestricted trend)無法認定之錯誤 (Unspecified error)未知的錯誤 -- FIXME已更至最新上傳自訂函數套件在儲存時自訂函數, 同時更新伺服器中的版本Upper上界 (Upper bound) variable使用 Fiorentini et al 等人的演算法使用 HTTP proxy使用 L-BFGS-B 演算法, 計憶體大小 (memory size):用 X-12-ARIMA 套件用拔靴法 (bootstrap) 使用相關係數矩陣 (correlation matrix)使用共變數矩陣使用虛擬變數:取期末值 (end-of-period)用一階差分使用時間趨勢變數 (index variable)用線使用本機的小數位數 (decimal) 設定用模型名稱只使用一個 y 軸用點取一天代表週資料: 使用穩健共變數矩陣 (robust covariance matrix) 為預設功能取期初值 (start-of-period)選擇資料檔中的變數使用者之預設工作子目錄未設定使用者設定之 gretl 子目錄帳號:工具 (Utilities)VAR選擇VAR落後期 (_lag)...選擇 VAR 落後期向量自我迴歸之殘差 (VAR residuals)VECM計算公式: VIF(j) = 1/(1 - R(j)^2), 其中 R(j) 是第 j 個變數和其它自變數之
複相關係數 (multiple correlation coefficient)V_ECM 向量誤差修正模型...V_ery verbose變數值VIF 值 > 10.0 時, 表示可能有共線性 (collinearity) 問題在樣本數位置 %d 處, 資料值被遺漏 變數 %d變數 %d 並未定義在原來的變數集 (list) 之中變數 '%s' 未定義變數名稱變數名稱 %s... 太長
(變數名稱最長允許 %d 字元)只尋找變數名稱 (注意英文大小寫是不相同的)依以下所選變數排序選擇要檢定的變數變異數 變異數膨脹因子 (VIF)變數名稱包含了不符規則的字元 '%c'
只能用字母, 數字 和 底線變數名稱包含了不符規則的字元 0x%x
只能用字母, 數字 和 底線版本檢視(View)以 Tex 顯示方程式檢視代碼WARNING: The constant was present among the regressors but not among the
instruments, so it has been automatically added to the instrument list.
This behavior may change in future versions, so you may want to adjust your
scripts accordingly.
警告: ascii data read error at obs %d警告: ascii data read error at var %d, obs %d警告: binary data read error at var %d警告: 無法讀取樣本數 %d 的資料註記 (case marker)加權最小平方法 (WLS)加權最小平方法 (ARCH)Wald 檢定 (依共變數矩陣)警告警告: 資料矩陣近似奇異 (singularity)警告: option %s ignored outside of loop警告: 變數 %s 是空的警告: 資料變數中有遺漏值之樣本警告: 名稱太長, 已被刪成 %d 字元
警告: 資料變數中有遺漏值之樣本警告: 變數有遺漏值的問題
警告: 在小樣本之下, 漸進逼近結果可能會不佳
Web 瀏灠器星期三 (Wednesday)每週的第 1 天為星期一 (Monday)每週的第 1 天為星期日 (Sunday)週資料權重參數 (對最近的觀察值):權重變數加權最小平方法 (WLS)加權最小平方法 (WLS)White 檢定 (含交乘項)White 檢定 (不含交乘項)Wilcoxon 等級和檢定 (rank sum test)Wilcoxon 符號等級檢定 (Wilcoxon signed rank test)Wilcoxon 等級和檢定 (rank sum test)Wilcoxon 符號等級檢定 (signed rank test)切換視窗工作子目錄工作子目錄無法寫入 header file無法寫入 labels file錯誤之資料型態X-Y 散佈圖(_scatter)...X-Y 散佈圖(_scatter)...X-Y 圖X-Y with _control...X-Y with _factor separation...X-Y with _impulses...X-軸X 軸變數X-軸變數XY 散佈圖 (scatter)Y-軸Y-軸變數Y-軸變數Y2-右軸你已經新增了 %s 變數至 %s 資料檔你也可以輸入 'help functions' 來列出所有可用的函數列表
在編輯資料時, 不可執行此動作不能使用和欄「分隔符號」相同的符號當做小數點符號無法刪除 '%s'無法覆寫 '%s'
你可以讓網路系統管理人員了解
新的檔案可以從以下的 gretl web site 取得
http://gretl.sourceforge.net/你必需替這個變數取一個名稱你必需輸入矩陣名稱在這種模型中, 你必需設有常數項你必需選擇 1 個變數當做 Y 軸變數你必需選擇 1 個變數當做 Z 軸變數你必需選擇 1 個控制變數 (control variable)你必需選擇 1 個應變數 (dependent variable)你必需選擇 1 個因子變數 (factor variable)你必需選擇 1 個變數做為權數 (weight)你必需選擇 1 個變數當做 X 軸變數你必需選擇 2 個以上的內生變數 (endogenous variables)你必需設定 (一組) 落後期數你必需定義自訂函數之公共函數名稱 (public interface)你必需設定你指定的分位數 (quantile)你必需選擇 1 個變數你必需指定工具變數 (instrumental variables)你必須設定上限 (upper bound)你必需指定迴歸自變數 (regressors)你必需選擇 3 個變數你必需選擇 3 個變數
其中最後 1 個必需是虛擬變數 (即其值只能為 1 或 0)你必需選擇 3 個變數, 其中最後 1 個必需是虛擬變數 
(即其值只能為 1 或 0)
你似乎是用 root 的身份在執行 gretl, 你真的想要這樣做嗎?放大 (選擇一區域)...3D立體圖(_3D plot)變異數分析(_ANOVA)_ARCH 自我相關異質變異模型...有關 gretl(_A)新增變數(_A)增加樣本 (_A)...是否新增自變數檢定(_A)以 %s 為 x 軸_Against %s and %s以時間為 x 軸(_A)AIC 值 (_Akaike Information Criterion)估計結果分析(_A)新增至資料檔(_A)_Arellano-Bond...ADF 單根檢定(_A)殘差自我相關檢定(_A)自我相關模型 (_A)..._Bartlett lag window_Basic_Baxter-King 法BIC 值 (_Bayesian Information Criterion)_Between model...二元 (_Binary)...拔靴法 (_Bootstrap)...箱形圖 (_Boxplots)... _CSV..._CUSUM 結構轉變檢定_Cholesky 分解Chow 的結構性轉變檢定(_C)關閉(_Close)Cochrane-Orcutt 轉換(_C)...共整合檢定 (_C)共線性檢定(_Collinearity)指令紀錄(_C)指令參考說明共同因子(_Common factor)資料頻率轉換 (_C)...係數之信賴區間 (_C)複製(_C)相關係數矩陣(_C)自我相關圖(_Correlogram)_Count 資料模型...計算遺漏值比例(_Count missing values)資料(_D)gretl 資料庫格式(_D)資料庫(_D)資料檔資訊(_D)產生新矩陣...顯示實際值, 估計值, 與殘差 (_D)顯示變數值(_D)機率分配圖(_D)除以數值 (scalar)(_D)_Duration 資料模型..._Durbin-Watson p-值編輯(_E)編輯變數屬性(_E)編輯變數值(_E)Engle-Granger 共整合檢定(_E)...方程式選項(_E)殘差平方和(_ESS)_Eviews..._Excel...低頻資料轉為高頻資料...(_E)指數平滑法(_E)匯出資料(_E)字形(_F)檔案(_F)填入(_F)濾波法 (_Filter)尋找變數(_F)取一階差分(_F)估計值(_F)實際值及預測值繪圖(_F)設定固定寬度字形大小...固定或隨機效果 (_Fixed or random effects)...預測 (_F)產生預測值 (_Forecasts)...部份差分(_Fractional difference)頻率分配表(_F)自訂函數套件(_F)_GARCH 一般自我相關異質變異模型..._GMM 一般動差法...基本設定 (_G)...Gini 係數(_G)_Gnumeric...變數繪圖(_G)繪圖(_G)開啟console 指令視窗(_G)從本機預設資料庫讀取資料 (_G)HQIC 值(_Hannan-Quinn Information Criterion)_Heckit...說明(_H)殘差異質性檢定(_H)_Hildreth-Lu..._Hodrick-Prescott 法_Hurst exponent分析檔圖示(_Icon view)單位矩陣(_Identity matrix)匯入資料(_I)新增指標變數(_I)_Influential observations工具變數法(_IV)區間迴歸 (_Interval regression)...反矩陣(_Invert)_JMulTi...Johansen 共整合檢定(_J)..._KPSS 單根檢定_LIML 限制資訊最大概似法..._LaTeX取落後期(_L)係數線性限制檢定(_L)取對數再一階差分(_L)最大概似值(_LogL)_Logit取自然對數_Mahalanobis 距離最大概似法 (_M)...設定功能表字形大小...模型(_M)修改模型 (_M)...多元(_Multinomial)...多變數繪圖(_M)乘以數值 (scalar)(_M)_NIST 美國國家標準局測試報告建立新資料檔(_N)開啟新函數套件(_N)開新指令檔(_N)非線性最小平方法 (_NLS)...非線性模型 (_Nonliear)無母數檢定(_N)填入常態分配隨機變數(_N)殘差常態性檢定 (_Normality test)殘差的常態性檢定 (_Normality)常態性檢定(_Normality)_Notched 箱形圖 (boxplots)樣本資料註記 (marker)(_O)_Octave...是否消去自變數檢定(_Omit variable) 開放文件格式(_Open Document)...開啟資料檔(_O)開啟分析檔 (_O)...排序 (_Ordered)...一般最小平方法 (_OLS)...查P值(_P)縱橫資料 (_Panel)追蹤資料診斷(_Panel diagnostics)_PcGive...自動產生「週期性虛擬變數」 (_P)畫曲線圖開啟示範指令檔 (_P)..._Prais-Winsten...條件殘差變異數 (_P)偏好設定(_P)預覽(_P)主成份分析法列印 (_P)..._Probit屬性(_P)_Q-Q plot 分量散佈圖_Quandt 結構轉變檢定 (移動式 Chow 檢定)(QLR test)分量迴歸 (_Quantile regression)...判定係數: R^2(_R-squared)_RATS 4...模型設定檢定(_Ramsey's RESET)隨機變數產生器 (_R)...組距-均數圖(range-mean)(_R)等級相關檢定(_Rank correlation)...更新顯示移除樣本(_R)重新抽樣 (_Resample)殘差圖(_R)殘差(_R)恢復為全樣本(_R)_Restore model sample樣本篩選 (_R)...修改模型 (_R)...穩健估計法 (_R)_SAS (xport)..._SPSS...樣本(_S)示範資料檔(_S)...儲存(_S)另存為 (_S)...存檔(_S)儲存分析檔(_S)數值變數 (_S)開指令檔(_S)取季節差分(_S)隨機變數產生設定值(_S)選擇變數集 (list) 中的變數(_S)分析檔設定子樣本範圍 (_S)...顯示目前樣本狀態(_S)移動平均法(_S)聯立方程式模型 (_S)...資料重新排序 (_S)...頻譜圖 (_Spectrum)殘差平方(_S)取平方(_S)迴歸之標準誤(_Standard error of the regression)gretl 預設格式 (_S)_Stata...統計表臨界值(_S)字形樣式(_S)迴歸係數和檢定(_S)敘述統計(_S)T*R^2(_T*R-squared)_TRAMO analysis基本假設檢定(_T)檢定(_T)新增時間虛擬變數(_T)時間序列 (_T)時間序列圖(_T)時間序列圖 (_T)...時間序列圖 (_T)...新增時間趨勢變數(_T)工具(_T)矩陣運算(_Transform)資料矩陣轉置(_T)資料轉置 (_Transpose)..._TSLS 兩階段最小平方法...填入均等分配隨機變數(_U)_Unit 虛擬變數開啟舊檔(_U)...gretl 操作說明 (_U)變數 (_V)變數標籤 (_V)_VAR 向量自我迴歸..._Verbose檢視(_V)加權最小平方法 (_WLS)...加權最小平方法 (_WLS)..._Windows 切換視窗設定工作子目錄..._X'X_X-12-ARIMA analysis_text/CSV...abcdefghijk ABCDEFGHIJKactualactual = predicted新增外生變數調整後all files (*.*)以上全部每一種形式都進行檢定alpha (調整係數向量 adjustment vectors)永遠從上方所設定之子目錄開啟只是「年」
漸進 p值自動刻度設定自動偵測由 gretl 自動產生之常數 (auto-generated constant)自動預測 (動態、樣本外)取平均值beta (共整合向量 cointegrating vectors)二項分配兩者皆畫直條圖(空心)箱形圖檔案毀損置中卡方分配coeff共整合向量數 rank:彩色欄位標題顯示方式欄 (column):逗號'%s' 並不是有效的 gretl 指令指令參考說明最大概似法 conditional ML相關係數矩陣自我相關圖交叉自我相關圖橫斷面 (cross-sectional)橫斷面資料: frequency must be 1橫斷面單位指標 (unit index)只含三次方項日資料data index 變數資料檔並未被重新取樣 (resampled)
10年資料小數位數小數點的字元符號r:設定為預設 (default)說明矩陣行列式 (determinant)自由度自由度(分母)自由度(分子)difference of means部份差分參數:點動態預測 (dynamic forecast)eigenvalueerror誤差圖 (bars) 'if' 語法有錯殘差是常態分配smpl 指令有誤 (error reading smpl line)(a - 1) 的估計值完全最大概似法 exact ML變數 '%s' 有奇怪的標記
filled curve取第一筆樣本值fitted加上配適線 (fitted line)目前選定之字形 (建議選 NSimSun 支援中文顯示): %sforfor the variable %s (%d valid observations)強制使用英文forecast預測期間長度 (periods):輸入變數或公式%d 這種資料頻率並不支援資料頻率 (%d) 無義意自訂函數套件將自訂函數轉成套件gamma 分配genrgui.hlpgnuplot 指令失敗gnuplot 指令執行失敗
gnuplot files (*.plt)gnuplot 指令檔得到錯誤的變數代碼 %d繪圖選項gretl console 指令視窗gretl 指令視窗: 輸入 'help' 可以列出可用的指令列表gretl 輸出之結果gretl 繪圖設定gretl 指令檔gretl 指令檔 (*.inp)gretl 版本: %s
gretl: ADF 單根檢定gretl: ADF-GLS 單根檢定gretl: ARCH 異質變異檢定gretl: CUSUM 檢定結果gretl: CUSUMSQ 檢定結果gretl: Chow 檢定gretl: Chow 檢定結果gretl: 資料頻率轉換 (高轉低)gretl: 低頻資料轉為高頻資料gretl: GARCHgretl: 一般動差法 (GMM)gretl: Hurst exponentgretl: KPSS 單根檢定gretl: LM 檢定gretl: LM test (自我相關)gretl: Quandt 結構轉變檢定 (移動式 Chow 檢定) 結果gretl: RESET 檢定gretl: TRAMO 分析gretl: 向量自迴歸 (VAR)gretl: VAR 殘差之共變數矩陣gretl: VAR 落後期選擇gretl: 向量誤差修正模型 (VECM)gretl: Wald omit testgretl: X-12-ARIMA 分析法gretl: 新增機率分配圖gretl: 新增變數資訊gretl: 新增隨機變數gretl: 新增數值變數 (scalar)gretl: 新增變數gretl: 自我相關gretl: 拔靴法分析 (bootstrap analysis)gretl: 箱形圖資料gretl: 箱形圖 (boxplots)gretl: 樣本資料註記gretl: 係數信賴區間gretl:係數共變數矩陣gretl: 共整合檢定 (cointegration test)gretl: 共線性 (collinearity)gretl: command entrygretl: 指令紀錄 (command log)gretl: 指令參考說明gretl: 指令檔gretl: 共同因子檢定 (common factor test)gretl: 資料頻率轉換gretl: 建立新資料檔gretl: 建立虛擬變數 (dummy variables)gretl: 臨界值gretl: 資料分隔符號gretl: 開啟示範資料檔gretl: 資料格式gretl: 變數資訊gretl: 資料庫說明gretl: 在 %s 之資料庫gretl: 從伺服器資料庫讀取資料gretl: 定義圖形gretl: 刪除gretl: 顯示變數資料gretl: 顯示資料庫之變數內容gretl: 機率分配圖gretl: 減少資料樣本gretl: 編輯 Ox 程式gretl: 編輯 R 指令gretl: 編輯資料gretl: 編輯變數資訊gretl: 編輯矩陣gretl: 編輯繪圖指令gretl: 錯誤gretl: 低頻資料轉為高頻資料gretl: 尋找gretl: 預測gretl: 預測gretl: 自訂函數編輯器gretl: 自訂函數套件 (function packages)gretl: 在 %s 之自訂函數套件 (function packages)gretl: 自伺服器讀取自訂函數套件 (function packages)gretl: 函數參考說明gretl: 產生落後期gretl: 繪圖gretl: 選取顏色gretl: groupwise 異質變異gretl: 圖形介面: gretl 版本 %s,
gretl: 說明gretl: 假設檢定gretl: 匯入 %s 資料gretl: 資訊gretl: 反覆運算資訊gretl: 線性限制式gretl: 載入資料gretl: 最大概似法gretl: missing _value 代碼gretl: 變數遺漏值資訊gretl: model %dgretl: 模型比較表gretl: 模型檢定gretl: 變數名稱gretl: 非線性最小平方法gretl: 無母數檢定(_N)gretl: 開啟資料檔gretl: 開啟分析檔 (open session)gretl: 選項gretl: p 值gretl: 查 P 值gretl: 追蹤資料模型診斷 (diagnostics)gretl: periodogramgretl: 畫累積密度圖 (CDF)gretl: 畫曲線圖gretl: 開啟示範指令檔(_P)gretl: 組距-均數統計量 (range-mean statistics)gretl: 更名gretl: 取代gretl: 殘差分配gretl: 限制樣本gretl: 修正資料檔gretl: 存檔gretl: 儲存矩陣gretl: 儲存 textgretl: 數值變數 scalarsgretl: 搜尋字形 gretl: 指令檔執行結果gretl: 隨機變數產生設定值 (seed)gretl: 選擇格式 (format)gretl: 分析檔註記 (notes)gretl: 設定樣本gretl: 聯立方程式gretl: 設定模型gretl: 定義 scalargretl: spreadsheet 試算表匯入gretl: 儲存資料gretl: system 之共變數矩陣gretl: 基本假設檢定gretl: 時間序列濾波法 (filter)gretl: 資料轉置gretl: 上傳gretl: using these basic search paths:
gretl: 變數屬性gretl: 向量自我迴歸 (VAR)gretl: 警告gretl: 設定工作子目錄gretlcli.hlpgretlcli_hlp.txtgretlcmd.hlpgretlcmd_hlp.txtgretlgui.hlpgretlgui_hlp.txt已經 improved.
高度說明檔 %s 無法讀取
每小時資料分析檔圖示(icon view)衝擊反應函數 (impulse responses)柱狀圖 (impulses)分別畫成不同的小圖英吋 (inches)含趨勢項 (include a trend)包含樣本觀察值欄 (column)含季節虛擬變數 (seasonal dummies)包含落後 %d 期 的 (1-L)%sincluding one lag of (1-L)%s指標變數 (index variable)新的異常值 (innovational outliers)inverse: y = a + b*(1/x)不規則成份變數 (irregular)%s 的不規則成份似乎沒有定義變數名稱
文字對齊:圖例位置標籤 (label)l %d: 落後期 (lag)落後期l數落後期數:lagged differences落後期數落後期...λ 值 (higher values -> smoother trend):取最後一筆樣本值開啟計算機左左下左上圖例文字:行數 %d: 線寬: line width factor線性刻度linear: y = a + b*x折線 (lines)折點+標記線 (lines/points)list is empty本機 (local machine)log determinant對數刻度, 底數為:logistic 分配logistic 累積密度函數 (CDF)loglikelihood高低線圖lower手動刻度設定最大值最大落後期數 (max. lag):mean樣本 1 的平均數樣本 2 的平均數最小值個遺漏值模型模型比較表選項設定黑白%s 是月嗎?
月資料以垂直方式排列多變數圖多重散佈圖變數名稱開新指令檔無ARCH 異質變異現象 (No ARCH)參數並無結構轉變non-zero ties無無母數檢定 (nonparametric test)標準常態常態累積密度函數 (normal CDF)未設定在 10% 的水準下不顯著
迴歸中之待估參數數目
(常數項除外)omit畫在同一個圖一開始就編輯函數套件 (function packages)在啟動 gretl 時, 開啟資料庫在啟動 gretl 時, 開啟伺服器 (web) 資料庫開啟示範資料檔開啟指令視窗 (console)或 輸入特定落後期其它...框外面p-value%s 檢定的 p 值虛無假設 H0: 斜率 = 0 之 p-值 = %g
中括號中之數字為 p 值 (p-value)縱橫資料 (panel data)'%s' 剖析錯誤 (parse error)
進行資料剖析 (parsing)...本文說明檔(_t)加季節虛擬變數 seasonal dummies點的樣式:點估計 (point estimate)資料標記點 (points)poisson 波氐分配port:位置 (X Y)預測值 (predicted values)列印版本資訊樣本比例樣本 1 的比例樣本 2 的比例移除遺漏值樣本 (purge missing observations)%s 是季嗎?
季資料	組距(range)值距介於 %g 到 %g組距-均數圖 (range-mean plot) for等級相關原始分量 對標準常態分配 N(0,1)recognized lagged dependent variable自動記住上次開啟檔案的子目錄標準化後 alpha標準化後 beta資料類型model %d 的殘差限制式資料順序已重排!
右右下右上右尾機率右尾機率 (right-tail probability)= %g移動逐次更新向前 k-期預測: k=列 (row):樣本均數樣本比例樣本大小樣本大小 %d
樣本大小, n樣本狀態 (sample status)樣本變異數儲存執行過的指令存圖儲存分析檔scale 尺度參數尋找列 (row) 資料之標記...
蒐尋變數名稱...
散佈圖 with control季節調整後: %s選擇變數選擇 (或新變數)分號輸出資料時所用之「分隔符號」資料 (series)分析檔圖示(session icon view)陰影區shape 形狀參數調整 (shift) level畫圖顯示迴歸估計結果sigmahat                 = %g

在 %g%% 水準下顯著 (雙尾)
有意義之小數點位數樣本大小樣本 1 的樣本數樣本 2 的樣本數邊際機率 (slope)組距對均數之斜率 slope = %g
空一格輸入特定落後期標準化殘差平方 取自 model %d含平方項和三次方項只含平方項堆疊形之橫斷面資料 (stacked cross sections)堆疊形之時間序列資料 (stacked time series)小括號中數字為標準誤(standard errors)標準常態將資料標準化標準化殘差標準化殘差 取自 model %d閞始輸入資料子樣本啟始位置 '%s' 不正確靜態預測 (static forecast)標準差標準差樣本 1 的標準差樣本 2 的標準差梯狀圖 (steps)在 %d 次反覆運後已經停止
取加總值等級和 (sum of ranks), 樣本 1敘述統計 (summary statistics)敘述統計:t(%d)小括號中的數字是 t-值小括號中數字為 t 值 (t-statistics)tab 鍵從各列資料取得日期資訊

自動選擇 (從指定的最大落後階次往下選)
(test down from max. lag order)檢定統計值含常數項 (constant)不含常數項 without constant 文字:從 shell 中啟動時之子目錄上方所設定之子目錄前 n 筆樣本之平均值, n=全部樣本之平均值中位數無差異 (the median difference is zero)兩母體中位數相同time時間序列time series by grouptime trend 變數時間序列 (time-series)至參數太多暫時性變動 (transitory changes)translator_credits將此資料視為無特定日期格式之資料

趨勢或循環值%s 的趨勢或循環值試抽樣次數嘗試將列之資料註記判定為日期格式...
雙尾機率 (two-tailed probability) = %g型態:請輸入檔案名稱, 以儲存結果 (按 enter 可離開): 未訂時間順序 (undated)undefined均等分配單根檢定之虛無假設 H0: a = 1未知 (unknown)未知之資料型態upper對一階差分後 (1st difference) 變數檢定對原始 (level) 變數檢定用樣本均數和變異數畫常態分量散佈圖gretl 操作說明使用 %d 個子樣本, 每個子樣本大小= %d

使用之分隔符號 (delimiter): '%c'
使用固定長度欄位
使用重新抽樣之殘差 (using resampled residuals)臨界值變異數變異數分解樣本 1 的變異數樣本 2 的變異數vecm: rank %d 超出範圍 (out of bounds)警告: 有重覆的變數名稱
警告: 資料在第 %d 列 (row), 第 %d 欄 (column) 處被截斷
週資料weibull 分配寛度含常數項 (constant)含常數項及二次趨勢項 (quadratic trend)含常數項及趨勢項 (trend)含常數項, 趨勢項, 及二次趨勢項 (trend squared) with least squares fitwith p-value = %g
with p-value = %g

以常態分配殘差模擬x 軸最小值x 軸上限y 軸: z-score = %g, with 雙尾 p-值 %.4f
z-score = %g, 雙尾 p-值: %g
zero differences