File: ntlm_crypto.c

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/*
   Copyright (C) 2013 Simo Sorce <simo@samba.org>

   This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with this library; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/


/* This File implements the NTLM protocol as specified by:
 *      [MS-NLMP]: NT LAN Manager (NTLM) Authentication Protocol
 *
 * Additional cross checking with:
 * http://davenport.sourceforge.net/ntlm.html
 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <unicase.h>
#include <uniconv.h>

#include "ntlm.h"
#include "crypto.h"

/* signature structure, v1 or v2 */
#pragma pack(push, 1)
union wire_msg_signature {
    struct {
        uint32_t version;
        uint32_t random_pad;
        uint32_t checksum;
        uint32_t seq_num;
    } v1;
    struct {
        uint32_t version;
        uint64_t checksum;
        uint32_t seq_num;
    } v2;
};
#pragma pack(pop)

/* the max username is 20 chars, max NB domain len is 15, so 128 should be
 * plenty including conversion to UTF8 using max lenght for each code point
 */
#define MAX_USER_DOM_LEN 512


int NTOWFv1(const char *password, struct ntlm_key *result)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer payload;
    struct ntlm_buffer hash;
    char *retstr;
    size_t out;
    size_t len;
    int ret;

    len = strlen(password);
    retstr = u8_conv_to_encoding("UCS-2LE", iconveh_error,
                                 (const uint8_t *)password, len,
                                 NULL, NULL, &out);
    if (!retstr) return ERR_CRYPTO;

    payload.data = (uint8_t *)retstr;
    payload.length = out;
    hash.data = result->data;
    hash.length = result->length;

    ret = MD4_HASH(&payload, &hash);
    free(retstr);
    return ret;
}

#define DES_CONST "KGS!@#$%"
int LMOWFv1(const char *password, struct ntlm_key *result)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key;
    struct ntlm_buffer plain;
    struct ntlm_buffer cipher;
    char upcased[15];
    char *retstr;
    size_t out;
    size_t len;
    int ret;

    if (result->length != 16) return EINVAL;

    len = strlen(password);
    if (len > 14) return ERANGE;

    out = 15;
    retstr = (char *)u8_toupper((const uint8_t *)password, len,
                                NULL, NULL, (uint8_t *)upcased, &out);
    if (!retstr) return ERR_CRYPTO;
    if (retstr != upcased) {
        free(retstr);
        ret = EINVAL;
    }
    memset(&upcased[len], 0, 15 - len);

    /* part1 */
    key.data = (uint8_t *)upcased;
    key.length = 7;
    plain.data = discard_const(DES_CONST);
    plain.length = 8;
    cipher.data = result->data;
    cipher.length = 8;
    ret = WEAK_DES(&key, &plain, &cipher);
    if (ret) return ret;

    /* part2 */
    key.data = (uint8_t *)&upcased[7];
    key.length = 7;
    plain.data = discard_const(DES_CONST);
    plain.length = 8;
    cipher.data = &result->data[8];
    cipher.length = 8;
    return WEAK_DES(&key, &plain, &cipher);
}

int ntlm_compute_ext_sec_challenge(uint8_t *server_chal,
                                   uint8_t *client_chal,
                                   uint8_t *result_chal)
{
    uint8_t scbuf[16];
    uint8_t mdbuf[16];
    struct ntlm_buffer challenges = { scbuf, 16 };
    struct ntlm_buffer msgdigest = { mdbuf, 16 };
    int ret;

    memcpy(scbuf, server_chal, 8);
    memcpy(&scbuf[8], client_chal, 8);
    ret = MD5_HASH(&challenges, &msgdigest);
    if (ret) return ret;

    memcpy(result_chal, mdbuf, 8);
    return 0;
}

int ntlm_compute_nt_response(struct ntlm_key *nt_key, bool ext_sec,
                             uint8_t server_chal[8], uint8_t client_chal[8],
                             struct ntlm_buffer *nt_response)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { nt_key->data, nt_key->length };
    uint8_t chal[8];
    struct ntlm_buffer payload = { chal, 8};
    int ret;

    if (ext_sec) {
        ret = ntlm_compute_ext_sec_challenge(server_chal, client_chal, chal);
        if (ret) return ret;
    } else {
        memcpy(chal, server_chal, 8);
    }

    return DESL(&key, &payload, nt_response);
}

int ntlm_compute_lm_response(struct ntlm_key *lm_key, bool ext_sec,
                             uint8_t server_chal[8], uint8_t client_chal[8],
                             struct ntlm_buffer *lm_response)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { lm_key->data, lm_key->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer payload = { server_chal, 8 };

    if (ext_sec) {
        memcpy(lm_response->data, client_chal, 8);
        memset(&lm_response->data[8], 0, 16);
        return 0;
    }
    return DESL(&key, &payload, lm_response);
}

int ntlm_session_base_key(struct ntlm_key *nt_key,
                          struct ntlm_key *session_base_key)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer payload = { nt_key->data, nt_key->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer hash = { session_base_key->data,
                                session_base_key->length };

    return MD4_HASH(&payload, &hash);
}

int KXKEY(struct ntlm_ctx *ctx,
          bool ext_sec,
          bool neg_lm_key,
          bool non_nt_sess_key,
          uint8_t server_chal[8],
          struct ntlm_key *lm_key,
          struct ntlm_key *session_base_key,
          struct ntlm_buffer *lm_response,
          struct ntlm_key *key_exchange_key)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer payload;
    struct ntlm_buffer result;
    struct ntlm_buffer key;
    uint8_t buf[16];
    int ret = 0;

    if (ext_sec) {
        key.data = session_base_key->data;
        key.length = session_base_key->length;
        memcpy(buf, server_chal, 8);
        memcpy(&buf[8], lm_response->data, 8);
        payload.data = buf;
        payload.length = 16;
        result.data = key_exchange_key->data;
        result.length = key_exchange_key->length;
        ret = HMAC_MD5(&key, &payload, &result);
    } else if (neg_lm_key) {
        payload.data = lm_response->data;
        payload.length = 8;
        key.data = lm_key->data;
        key.length = 7;
        result.data = key_exchange_key->data;
        result.length = 8;
        ret = WEAK_DES(&key, &payload, &result);
        if (ret) return ret;
        buf[0] = lm_key->data[7];
        memset(&buf[1], 0xbd, 6);
        key.data = buf;
        result.data = &key_exchange_key->data[8];
        result.length = 8;
        ret = WEAK_DES(&key, &payload, &result);
    } else if (non_nt_sess_key) {
        memcpy(key_exchange_key->data, lm_key, 8);
        memset(&key_exchange_key->data[8], 0, 8);
    } else {
        memcpy(key_exchange_key->data, session_base_key->data, 16);
    }
    return ret;
}

int NTOWFv2(struct ntlm_ctx *ctx, struct ntlm_key *nt_hash,
            const char *user, const char *domain, struct ntlm_key *result)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { nt_hash->data, nt_hash->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer hmac = { result->data, result->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer payload;
    uint8_t upcased[MAX_USER_DOM_LEN];
    uint8_t *retstr;
    size_t offs;
    size_t out;
    size_t len;
    int ret;

    len = strlen(user);
    out = MAX_USER_DOM_LEN;
    retstr = u8_toupper((const uint8_t *)user, len,
                        NULL, NULL, upcased, &out);
    if (!retstr) return ERR_CRYPTO;
    offs = out;

    if (domain) {
        len = strlen(domain);
        memcpy(&upcased[offs], domain, len);
        offs += len;
    }

    retstr = (uint8_t *)u8_conv_to_encoding("UCS-2LE", iconveh_error,
                                            upcased, offs, NULL, NULL, &out);
    if (!retstr) return ERR_CRYPTO;

    payload.data = (uint8_t *)retstr;
    payload.length = out;

    ret = HMAC_MD5(&key, &payload, &hmac);
    free(retstr);
    return ret;
}

int ntlmv2_compute_nt_response(struct ntlm_key *ntlmv2_key,
                               uint8_t server_chal[8], uint8_t client_chal[8],
                               uint64_t timestamp,
                               struct ntlm_buffer *target_info,
                               struct ntlm_buffer *nt_response)
{
    union wire_ntlm_response *nt_resp = NULL;
    struct wire_ntlmv2_cli_chal *r;
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { ntlmv2_key->data, ntlmv2_key->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer payload;
    struct ntlm_buffer nt_proof;
    size_t r_len;
    int ret;

    /* add additional 4 0s trailing target_info */
    r_len = sizeof(struct wire_ntlmv2_cli_chal) + target_info->length + 4;
    nt_resp = calloc(1, sizeof(nt_resp->v2) + r_len);
    if (!nt_resp) return ENOMEM;

    r = (struct wire_ntlmv2_cli_chal *)nt_resp->v2.cli_chal;
    r->resp_version = 1;
    r->hi_resp_version = 1;
    r->timestamp = htole64(timestamp);
    memcpy(r->client_chal, client_chal, 8);
    memcpy(r->target_info, target_info->data, target_info->length);

    /* use nt_resp as a buffer to calculate the NT proof as they share
     * the cli_chal part */
    payload.data = &nt_resp->v2.resp[8];
    payload.length = 8 + r_len;
    memcpy(payload.data, server_chal, 8);
    nt_proof.data = nt_resp->v2.resp;
    nt_proof.length = 16;
    ret = HMAC_MD5(&key, &payload, &nt_proof);

    if (ret) {
        safefree(nt_resp);
    } else {
        nt_response->data = (uint8_t *)nt_resp;
        nt_response->length = 16 + r_len;
    }
    return ret;
}

int ntlmv2_compute_lm_response(struct ntlm_key *ntlmv2_key,
                               uint8_t server_chal[8], uint8_t client_chal[8],
                               struct ntlm_buffer *lm_response)
{
    union wire_ntlm_response *lm_resp = NULL;
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { ntlmv2_key->data, ntlmv2_key->length };
    uint8_t payload_buf[16];
    struct ntlm_buffer payload = { payload_buf, 16 };
    struct ntlm_buffer lm_proof;
    int ret;

    /* now caluclate the LM Proof */
    lm_resp = malloc(sizeof(union wire_ntlm_response));
    if (!lm_resp) {
        ret = ENOMEM;
        goto done;
    }

    memcpy(payload.data, server_chal, 8);
    memcpy(&payload.data[8], client_chal, 8);
    lm_proof.data = lm_resp->v2.resp;
    lm_proof.length = 16;
    ret = HMAC_MD5(&key, &payload, &lm_proof);

done:
    if (ret) {
        safefree(lm_resp);
    } else {
        memcpy(lm_resp->v2.cli_chal, client_chal, 8);

        lm_response->data = (uint8_t *)lm_resp;
        lm_response->length = 24;
    }
    return ret;
}

int ntlmv2_session_base_key(struct ntlm_key *ntlmv2_key,
                            struct ntlm_buffer *nt_response,
                            struct ntlm_key *session_base_key)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { ntlmv2_key->data, ntlmv2_key->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer hmac = { session_base_key->data,
                                session_base_key->length };

    if (session_base_key->length != 16) return EINVAL;

    return HMAC_MD5(&key, nt_response, &hmac);
}

int ntlm_exported_session_key(struct ntlm_key *key_exchange_key,
                              bool key_exch,
                              struct ntlm_key *exported_session_key)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer nonce;

    if (!key_exch) {
        *exported_session_key = *key_exchange_key;
        return 0;
    }

    exported_session_key->length = 16;
    nonce.data = exported_session_key->data;
    nonce.length = exported_session_key->length;
    return RAND_BUFFER(&nonce);
}

int ntlm_encrypted_session_key(struct ntlm_key *key,
                               struct ntlm_key *in, struct ntlm_key *out)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer _key = { key->data, key->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer data = { in->data, in->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer result = { out->data, out->length };

    return RC4K(&_key, NTLM_CIPHER_ENCRYPT, &data, &result);
}

static int ntlm_key_derivation_function(struct ntlm_key *key,
                                        const char *magic_constant,
                                        struct ntlm_key *derived_key)
{
    uint8_t buf[80]; /* key + constant is never larger than 80 */
    struct ntlm_buffer payload = { buf, 0 };
    struct ntlm_buffer result = { derived_key->data, 16 };
    size_t len;
    int ret;

    if (key->length > 16) return ERR_CRYPTO;
    len = strlen(magic_constant) + 1;
    if (len > 64) return ERR_CRYPTO;

    payload.length = key->length;
    memcpy(payload.data, key->data, key->length);
    memcpy(&payload.data[payload.length], magic_constant, len);
    payload.length += len;

    ret = MD5_HASH(&payload, &result);
    if (ret == 0) {
        derived_key->length = 16;
    }
    return ret;
}

#define NTLM_MODE_CLIENT true
#define NTLM_MODE_SERVER false

static int ntlm_signkey(bool mode,
                        struct ntlm_key *session_key,
                        struct ntlm_key *signing_key)
{
    const char *mc;

    if (mode == NTLM_MODE_CLIENT) {
        mc = "session key to client-to-server signing key magic constant";
    } else {
        mc = "session key to server-to-client signing key magic constant";
    }
    return ntlm_key_derivation_function(session_key,
                                        mc, signing_key);
}

static int ntlm_sealkey(uint32_t flags, bool mode,
                        struct ntlm_key *session_key,
                        struct ntlm_key *sealing_key)
{
    struct ntlm_key key;
    const char *mc;

    if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_128) {
        key.length = 16;
    } else if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_56) {
        key.length = 7;
    } else {
        key.length = 5;
    }
    memcpy(key.data, session_key->data, key.length);

    if (mode == NTLM_MODE_CLIENT) {
        mc = "session key to client-to-server sealing key magic constant";
    } else {
        mc = "session key to server-to-client sealing key magic constant";
    }

    return ntlm_key_derivation_function(&key, mc, sealing_key);
}

static void no_ext_sec_sealkey(uint32_t flags,
                               struct ntlm_key *session_key,
                               struct ntlm_buffer *sealing_key)
{
    if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_LM_KEY) {
        if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_56) {
            memcpy(sealing_key->data, session_key->data, 7);
            sealing_key->data[7] = 0xA0;
        } else {
            memcpy(sealing_key->data, session_key->data, 5);
            sealing_key->data[5] = 0xE5;
            sealing_key->data[6] = 0x38;
            sealing_key->data[7] = 0xB0;
        }
        sealing_key->length = 8;
    } else {
        memcpy(sealing_key->data, session_key->data, 16);
        sealing_key->length = session_key->length;
    }
}

static int no_ext_sec_handle(uint32_t flags,
                             struct ntlm_key *session_key,
                             struct ntlm_rc4_handle **seal_handle)
{
    uint8_t skbuf[16];
    struct ntlm_buffer sealing_key = { skbuf, 16 };

    no_ext_sec_sealkey(flags, session_key, &sealing_key);

    return RC4_INIT(&sealing_key, NTLM_CIPHER_ENCRYPT, seal_handle);
}


static int ext_sec_keys(uint32_t flags, bool client,
                        struct ntlm_key *session_key,
                        struct ntlm_signseal_state *state)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer rc4_key;
    bool mode;
    int ret;

    state->ext_sec = true;
    if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_DATAGRAM) {
        state->datagram = true;
    }

    /* send key */
    mode = client ? NTLM_MODE_CLIENT : NTLM_MODE_SERVER;
    ret = ntlm_signkey(mode, session_key, &state->send.sign_key);
    if (ret) return ret;
    /* recv key */
    mode = client ? NTLM_MODE_SERVER : NTLM_MODE_CLIENT;
    ret = ntlm_signkey(mode, session_key, &state->recv.sign_key);
    if (ret) return ret;

    /* send key */
    mode = client ? NTLM_MODE_CLIENT : NTLM_MODE_SERVER;
    ret = ntlm_sealkey(flags, mode, session_key, &state->send.seal_key);
    if (ret) return ret;
    /* recv key */
    mode = client ? NTLM_MODE_SERVER : NTLM_MODE_CLIENT;
    ret = ntlm_sealkey(flags, mode, session_key, &state->recv.seal_key);
    if (ret) return ret;

    rc4_key.data = state->send.seal_key.data;
    rc4_key.length = state->send.seal_key.length;
    ret = RC4_INIT(&rc4_key, NTLM_CIPHER_ENCRYPT, &state->send.seal_handle);
    if (ret) return ret;

    rc4_key.data = state->recv.seal_key.data;
    rc4_key.length = state->recv.seal_key.length;
    ret = RC4_INIT(&rc4_key, NTLM_CIPHER_DECRYPT, &state->recv.seal_handle);
    if (ret) return ret;

    return 0;
}

int ntlm_signseal_keys(uint32_t flags, bool client,
                       struct ntlm_key *session_key,
                       struct ntlm_signseal_state *state)
{

    memset(state, 0, sizeof(struct ntlm_signseal_state));

    if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_EXTENDED_SESSIONSECURITY) {
        state->datagram = (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_DATAGRAM);
        return ext_sec_keys(flags, client, session_key, state);
    } else {
        return no_ext_sec_handle(flags, session_key,
                                 &state->send.seal_handle);
    }
}

int ntlm_reset_rc4_state(uint32_t flags, bool recv,
                         struct ntlm_key *session_key,
                         struct ntlm_signseal_state *state)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer rc4_key;
    int ret;

    if (!(flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_EXTENDED_SESSIONSECURITY)) {
        return no_ext_sec_handle(flags, session_key,
                                 &state->send.seal_handle);
    }

    if (recv) {
        RC4_FREE(&state->recv.seal_handle);
        rc4_key.data = state->recv.seal_key.data;
        rc4_key.length = state->recv.seal_key.length;
        ret = RC4_INIT(&rc4_key, NTLM_CIPHER_DECRYPT,
                       &state->recv.seal_handle);
    } else {
        RC4_FREE(&state->send.seal_handle);
        rc4_key.data = state->send.seal_key.data;
        rc4_key.length = state->send.seal_key.length;
        ret = RC4_INIT(&rc4_key, NTLM_CIPHER_ENCRYPT,
                       &state->send.seal_handle);
    }
    return ret;
}

static int ntlm_seal_regen(struct ntlm_signseal_handle *h)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer payload;
    struct ntlm_buffer result;
    uint8_t inbuf[20];
    uint8_t outbuf[16];
    uint32_t le;
    int ret;

    RC4_FREE(&h->seal_handle);

    memcpy(inbuf, h->seal_key.data, h->seal_key.length);
    le = htole32(h->seq_num);
    memcpy(&inbuf[h->seal_key.length], &le, 4);

    payload.data = inbuf;
    payload.length = h->seal_key.length + 4;
    result.data = outbuf;
    result.length = 16;

    ret = MD5_HASH(&payload, &result);
    if (ret) return ret;

    ret = RC4_INIT(&result, NTLM_CIPHER_ENCRYPT, &h->seal_handle);
    return ret;
}

int ntlm_verify_nt_response(struct ntlm_buffer *nt_response,
                            struct ntlm_key *nt_key, bool ext_sec,
                            uint8_t server_chal[8], uint8_t client_chal[8])
{
    uint8_t buf[24];
    struct ntlm_buffer expected_response = { buf, 24 };
    int ret;

    ret = ntlm_compute_nt_response(nt_key, ext_sec,
                                   server_chal, client_chal,
                                   &expected_response);
    if (ret) return ret;

    ret = EINVAL;
    if (memcmp(nt_response->data, expected_response.data, 24) == 0) {
        ret = 0;
    }

    return ret;
}

int ntlm_verify_lm_response(struct ntlm_buffer *lm_response,
                            struct ntlm_key *lm_key, bool ext_sec,
                            uint8_t server_chal[8], uint8_t client_chal[8])
{
    uint8_t buf[24];
    struct ntlm_buffer expected_response = { buf, 24 };
    int ret;

    ret = ntlm_compute_lm_response(lm_key, ext_sec,
                                   server_chal, client_chal,
                                   &expected_response);
    if (ret) return ret;

    ret = EINVAL;
    if (memcmp(lm_response->data, expected_response.data, 24) == 0) {
        ret = 0;
    }

    return ret;
}

int ntlmv2_verify_nt_response(struct ntlm_buffer *nt_response,
                              struct ntlm_key *ntlmv2_key,
                              uint8_t server_chal[8])
{
    union wire_ntlm_response *nt_resp = NULL;
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { ntlmv2_key->data, ntlmv2_key->length };
    uint8_t proof[16];
    struct ntlm_buffer nt_proof = { proof, 16 };
    struct ntlm_buffer payload;
    int ret;

    if (nt_response->length < 24) return EINVAL;

    nt_resp = (union wire_ntlm_response *)nt_response->data;

    payload.length = nt_response->length - sizeof(nt_resp->v2.resp) + 8;
    payload.data = malloc(payload.length);
    if (!payload.data) return ENOMEM;
    memcpy(payload.data, server_chal, 8);
    memcpy(&payload.data[8], nt_resp->v2.cli_chal, payload.length - 8);

    ret = HMAC_MD5(&key, &payload, &nt_proof);

    if (ret) goto done;

    ret = EINVAL;
    if (memcmp(nt_resp->v2.resp, proof, 16) == 0) {
        ret = 0;
    }

done:
    safefree(payload.data);
    return ret;
}

int ntlmv2_verify_lm_response(struct ntlm_buffer *lm_response,
                              struct ntlm_key *ntlmv2_key,
                              uint8_t server_chal[8])
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { ntlmv2_key->data, ntlmv2_key->length };
    union wire_ntlm_response *lm_resp = NULL;
    uint8_t payload_buf[16];
    struct ntlm_buffer payload = { payload_buf, 16 };
    uint8_t proof[16];
    struct ntlm_buffer lm_proof = { proof, 16 };
    int ret;

    if (lm_response->length != 24) return EINVAL;

    /* now caluclate the LM Proof */
    lm_resp = (union wire_ntlm_response *)lm_response->data;

    memcpy(payload.data, server_chal, 8);
    memcpy(&payload.data[8], lm_resp->v2.cli_chal, 8);
    ret = HMAC_MD5(&key, &payload, &lm_proof);

    if (ret) return ret;

    if (memcmp(lm_resp->v2.resp, proof, 16) == 0) return 0;

    return EINVAL;
}

static int ntlmv2_sign(struct ntlm_key *sign_key, uint32_t seq_num,
                       struct ntlm_rc4_handle *handle, bool keyex,
                       struct ntlm_buffer *message,
                       struct ntlm_buffer *signature)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { sign_key->data, sign_key->length };
    union wire_msg_signature *msg_sig;
    uint32_t le_seq;
    uint8_t le8seq[8];
    struct ntlm_buffer seq = { le8seq, 4 };
    struct ntlm_buffer *data[2];
    struct ntlm_iov iov;
    uint8_t hmac_sig[NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE];
    struct ntlm_buffer hmac = { hmac_sig, NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE };
    struct ntlm_buffer rc4buf;
    struct ntlm_buffer rc4res;
    int ret;

    msg_sig = (union wire_msg_signature *)signature->data;
    if (signature->length != NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE) {
        return EINVAL;
    }

    le_seq = htole32(seq_num);
    memcpy(seq.data, &le_seq, 4);
    data[0] = &seq;
    data[1] = message;
    iov.data = data;
    iov.num = 2;

    ret = HMAC_MD5_IOV(&key, &iov, &hmac);
    if (ret) return ret;

    /* put version */
    msg_sig->v2.version = htole32(NTLMSSP_MESSAGE_SIGNATURE_VERSION);

    /* put actual MAC */
    if (keyex) {
        /* encrypt truncated hmac */
        rc4buf.data = hmac.data;
        rc4buf.length = 8;
        /* and put it in the middle of the output signature */
        rc4res.data = (uint8_t *)&msg_sig->v2.checksum;
        rc4res.length = 8;
        ret = RC4_UPDATE(handle, &rc4buf, &rc4res);
        if (ret) return ret;
    } else {
        memcpy(&msg_sig->v2.checksum, hmac.data, 8);
    }

    /* put used seq_num */
    msg_sig->v2.seq_num = le_seq;

    return 0;
}

static int ntlmv1_sign(struct ntlm_rc4_handle *handle,
                       uint32_t random_pad, uint32_t seq_num,
                       struct ntlm_buffer *message,
                       struct ntlm_buffer *signature)
{
    union wire_msg_signature *msg_sig;
    uint32_t rc4buf[3];
    struct ntlm_buffer payload;
    struct ntlm_buffer result;
    int ret;

    msg_sig = (union wire_msg_signature *)signature->data;
    if (signature->length != NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE) {
        return EINVAL;
    }

    rc4buf[0] = random_pad;
    rc4buf[1] = htole32(CRC32(0, message));
    rc4buf[2] = htole32(seq_num);

    payload.data = (uint8_t *)rc4buf;
    payload.length = 12;
    result.data = (uint8_t *)&msg_sig->v1.random_pad;
    result.length = 12;
    ret = RC4_UPDATE(handle, &payload, &result);
    if (ret) return ret;

    msg_sig->v1.version = htole32(NTLMSSP_MESSAGE_SIGNATURE_VERSION);
    msg_sig->v1.random_pad = 0;

    return 0;
}

int ntlm_sign(uint32_t flags, int direction,
              struct ntlm_signseal_state *state,
              struct ntlm_buffer *message,
              struct ntlm_buffer *signature)
{
    struct ntlm_signseal_handle *h;
    int ret;

    if (direction == NTLM_SEND || !state->ext_sec) {
        h = &state->send;
    } else {
        h = &state->recv;
    }

    if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_SIGN) {
        if (state->ext_sec) {
            if (state->datagram) {
                ret = ntlm_seal_regen(h);
                if (ret) return ret;
            }

            ret = ntlmv2_sign(&h->sign_key, h->seq_num, h->seal_handle,
                              (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_KEY_EXCH),
                              message, signature);
        } else {
            ret = ntlmv1_sign(h->seal_handle, 0, h->seq_num,
                              message, signature);
        }
        if (ret) return ret;

        if (!state->datagram) {
            h->seq_num++;
        }
        return 0;

    } else if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_ALWAYS_SIGN) {
        uint32_t le_seq = htole32(h->seq_num);
        memcpy(signature->data, &le_seq, 4);
        memset(&signature->data[4], 0, 12);
        return 0;
    }

    return ENOTSUP;
}

int ntlm_seal(uint32_t flags,
              struct ntlm_signseal_state *state,
              struct ntlm_buffer *message,
              struct ntlm_buffer *output,
              struct ntlm_buffer *signature)
{
    struct ntlm_signseal_handle *h;
    int ret;

    h = &state->send;

    ret = RC4_UPDATE(h->seal_handle, message, output);
    if (ret) return ret;

    if (state->ext_sec) {
        if (state->datagram) {
            ret = ntlm_seal_regen(h);
            if (ret) return ret;
        }
        ret = ntlmv2_sign(&h->sign_key, h->seq_num, h->seal_handle,
                          (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_KEY_EXCH),
                          message, signature);
    } else {
        ret = ntlmv1_sign(h->seal_handle, 0, h->seq_num, message, signature);
    }
    if (ret) return ret;

    if (!state->datagram) {
        h->seq_num++;
    }
    return 0;
}

int ntlm_unseal(uint32_t flags,
                struct ntlm_signseal_state *state,
                struct ntlm_buffer *message,
                struct ntlm_buffer *output,
                struct ntlm_buffer *signature)
{
    struct ntlm_signseal_handle *h;
    int ret;

    if (!state->ext_sec) {
        h = &state->send;
    } else {
        h = &state->recv;
    }

    ret = RC4_UPDATE(h->seal_handle, message, output);
    if (ret) return ret;

    if (state->ext_sec) {
        if (state->datagram) {
            ret = ntlm_seal_regen(h);
            if (ret) return ret;
        }
        ret = ntlmv2_sign(&h->sign_key, h->seq_num, h->seal_handle,
                          (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_KEY_EXCH),
                          output, signature);
    } else {
        ret = ntlmv1_sign(h->seal_handle, 0, h->seq_num, output, signature);
    }
    if (ret) return ret;

    if (!state->datagram) {
        h->seq_num++;
    }
    return 0;
}

int ntlm_mic(struct ntlm_key *exported_session_key,
             struct ntlm_buffer *negotiate_message,
             struct ntlm_buffer *challenge_message,
             struct ntlm_buffer *authenticate_message,
             struct ntlm_buffer *mic)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer key = { exported_session_key->data,
                               exported_session_key->length };
    struct ntlm_buffer *data[3] = { negotiate_message,
                                    challenge_message,
                                    authenticate_message };
    struct ntlm_iov iov;

    if (negotiate_message->length == 0) {
        /* connectionless case */
        iov.data = &data[1];
        iov.num = 2;
    } else {
        iov.data = data;
        iov.num = 3;
    }

    return HMAC_MD5_IOV(&key, &iov, mic);
}

int ntlm_verify_mic(struct ntlm_key *key,
                    struct ntlm_buffer *negotiate_message,
                    struct ntlm_buffer *challenge_message,
                    struct ntlm_buffer *authenticate_message,
                    struct ntlm_buffer *mic)
{
    uint8_t micbuf[NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE];
    struct ntlm_buffer check_mic = { micbuf, NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE };
    struct wire_auth_msg *msg;
    size_t payload_offs;
    uint32_t flags;
    int ret;

    msg = (struct wire_auth_msg *)authenticate_message->data;
    payload_offs = offsetof(struct wire_auth_msg, payload);

    /* flags must be checked as they may push the payload further down */
    flags = le32toh(msg->neg_flags);
    if (flags & NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE_VERSION) {
        /* skip version for now */
        payload_offs += sizeof(struct wire_version);
    }

    if (payload_offs + NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE > authenticate_message->length) {
        return EINVAL;
    }

    /* payload_offs now points at the MIC buffer, clear it off in order
     * to be able to calculate the original chcksum */
    memset(&authenticate_message->data[payload_offs], 0, NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE);

    ret = ntlm_mic(key, negotiate_message, challenge_message,
                        authenticate_message, &check_mic);
    if (ret) return ret;

    if (memcmp(mic->data, check_mic.data, NTLM_SIGNATURE_SIZE) != 0) {
        return EACCES;
    }

    return 0;
}

int ntlm_hash_channel_bindings(struct ntlm_buffer *unhashed,
                               struct ntlm_buffer *signature)
{
    struct ntlm_buffer input;
    uint32_t ulen;
    int ret;

    /* The channel bindings are calculated according to RFC4121, 4.1.1.2,
     * with a all initiator and acceptor fields zeroed, so we need 4 zeroed
     * 32bit fields, and one little endian length field to include in the
     * MD5 calculation */
    input.length = sizeof(uint32_t) * 5 + unhashed->length;
    input.data = malloc(input.length);
    if (!input.data) return EINVAL;

    memset(input.data, 0, sizeof(uint32_t) * 4);
    ulen = unhashed->length;
    ulen = htole32(ulen);
    memcpy(&input.data[sizeof(uint32_t) * 4], &ulen, sizeof(uint32_t));
    memcpy(&input.data[sizeof(uint32_t) * 5], unhashed->data, unhashed->length);

    ret = MD5_HASH(&input, signature);

    safefree(input.data);
    return ret;
}

int ntlm_verify_channel_bindings(struct ntlm_buffer *unhashed,
                                 struct ntlm_buffer *signature)
{
    uint8_t cbbuf[16];
    struct ntlm_buffer cb = { cbbuf, 16 };
    int ret;

    if (signature->length != 16) return EINVAL;

    ret = ntlm_hash_channel_bindings(unhashed, &cb);
    if (ret) return ret;

    if (memcmp(cb.data, signature->data, 16) != 0) return EACCES;

    return 0;
}