File: gupnp-binding-tool-1.2

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#! /usr/bin/env python3

# Copyright (C) 2008 OpenedHand Ltd
# Copyright (C) 2008 Intel Corporation
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
# the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
# Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
# ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
# FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more
# details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
# this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin
# St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

# TODO:
# - finish code cleanup
# - currently allowedValueList is not used: could use it to turn
#   current char* value to an enum
# - could warn if values outside allowedValueRange are used in *_action_set()
# - add option to generate skeleton source code that uses the bindings?


import os.path
import re
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET
from optparse import OptionParser


# upnp type:     (C type,      GType,                     type for g_value_get_*
#                                                         and g_value_set_*)
typemap = {
  'ui1':         ('guint ',    'G_TYPE_UINT',             'uint'),
  'ui2':         ('guint ',    'G_TYPE_UINT',             'uint'),
  'ui4':         ('guint ',    'G_TYPE_UINT',             'uint'),
  'i1':          ('gint',     'G_TYPE_INT',              'int'),
  'i2':          ('gint ',     'G_TYPE_INT',              'int'),
  'i4':          ('gint ',     'G_TYPE_INT',              'int'),
  'int':         ('gint ',     'G_TYPE_INT',              'int'),
  'r4':          ('gfloat ',   'G_TYPE_FLOAT',            'float'),
  'r8':          ('gdouble ',  'G_TYPE_DOUBLE',           'double'),
  'number':      ('gdouble ',  'G_TYPE_DOUBLE',           'double'),
  'fixed.14.4':  ('gdouble ',  'G_TYPE_DOUBLE',           'double'),
  'float':       ('gdouble ',  'G_TYPE_DOUBLE',           'double'),
  'char':        ('gchar ',    'G_TYPE_CHAR',             'char'),
  'string':      ('gchar *',   'G_TYPE_STRING',           'string'),
  'date':        ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_DATE',         'string'),
  'dateTime':    ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_DATE_TIME',    'string'),
  'dateTime.tz': ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_DATE_TIME_TZ', 'string'),
  'time':        ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_TIME',         'string'),
  'time.tz':     ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_TIME_TZ',      'string'),
  'boolean':     ('gboolean ', 'G_TYPE_BOOLEAN',          'boolean'),
  'bin.base64':  ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_BIN_BASE64',   'string'),
  'bin.hex':     ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_BIN_HEX',      'string'),
  'uri':         ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_URI',          'string'),
  'uuid':        ('gchar *',   'GUPNP_TYPE_UUID',         'string')
}


class Action:
    def __init__(self):
        self.name = None
        self.c_name = None
        self.c_prefixed_name = None
        self.in_args = []
        self.out_args = []
        self.notify_vars = []


class Argument:
    def __init__(self):
        self.name = None
        self.c_name = None
        self.direction = None
        self.related_var = None


class Variable:
    def __init__(self):
        self.name = None
        self.c_name = None
        self.c_prefixed_name = None
        self.ctype = None
        self.gtype = None
        self.get_function = None
        self.set_function = None
        self.notified = True
        self.dummy = False


def camelCaseToLowerCase(str):
    # http://www.djangosnippets.org/snippets/585/
    tmp = re.sub('(((?<=[a-z])[A-Z])|([A-Z](?![A-Z]|$)))', '_\\1', str)
    lower_case = tmp.lower().strip('_')
    return re.sub('[^a-z0-9]', '_', lower_case)


def getActions(action_elements, prefix, variables):
    """
    Parse the action element list into a list of Action objects.
    """

    actions = []

    for actionElement in action_elements:
        a = Action()
        actions.append(a)
        a.name = actionElement.find("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}name").text

        if a.name is None:
            raise Exception("No name found for action")
        a.c_name = camelCaseToLowerCase(a.name)
        a.c_prefixed_name = prefix + a.c_name

        for argElement in actionElement.findall("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}argumentList/{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}argument"):
            arg = Argument()

            arg.name = argElement.find("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}name").text
            if arg.name is None:
                raise Exception("No name found for argument")
            arg.c_name = camelCaseToLowerCase(arg.name)

            var_name = argElement.find("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}relatedStateVariable").text
            for var in variables:
                if var.name == var_name:
                    arg.related_var = var
                    break
            if arg.related_var is None:
                raise Exception("%s: related state variable %s not found" % (arg.name, var_name))

            arg.direction = argElement.find("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}direction").text

            if arg.direction == "in":
                    a.in_args.append(arg)
            else:
                    a.out_args.append(arg)

    return actions


def getVariables(var_elements, prefix):
    """
    Parse the state variable element list into a list of Variable objects.
    """

    variables = []

    for varElement in var_elements:
        var = Variable()
        variables.append(var)

        var.name = varElement.find("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}name").text
        if var.name.startswith("A_ARG_TYPE_"):
            # dummy state variable, only there to give type info to getter/setter
            var.dummy = True

        var.c_name = camelCaseToLowerCase(var.name)
        var.c_prefixed_name = prefix + var.c_name

        if (varElement.get("sendEvents") == "no"):
            var.notified = False

        dataType = varElement.find("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}dataType").text
        if dataType not in typemap:
            raise Exception("Unknown dataType %s" % dataType)
        (var.ctype, var.gtype, g_value_type) = typemap[dataType]
        var.get_function = "g_value_get_" + g_value_type
        var.set_function = "g_value_set_" + g_value_type

    return variables


def printClientSyncActionBinding(a):
    indent = (2 + len(a.c_prefixed_name)) * " "

    print("static inline gboolean")
    print("%s (GUPnPServiceProxy *proxy," % a.c_prefixed_name)

    for arg in a.in_args:
        print("%sconst %sin_%s," % (indent, arg.related_var.ctype, arg.c_name))

    for arg in a.out_args:
        print("%s%s*out_%s," % (indent, arg.related_var.ctype, arg.c_name))

    print("%sGError **error)" % indent)

    print("{")

    print("  return gupnp_service_proxy_send_action")
    print("    (proxy, \"%s\", error," % a.name)

    for arg in a.in_args:
        print("     \"%s\", %s, in_%s," % (arg.name, arg.related_var.gtype, arg.c_name))
    print("     NULL,")

    for arg in a.out_args:
        print("     \"%s\", %s, out_%s," % (arg.name, arg.related_var.gtype, arg.c_name))
    print("     NULL);")

    print("}\n")


def printClientAsyncActionBinding(a):
    # User-callback prototype
    indent = (24 + len(a.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("typedef void (*%s_reply) (GUPnPServiceProxy *proxy," % a.c_prefixed_name)
    for arg in a.out_args:
        print("%sconst %sout_%s," % (indent, arg.related_var.ctype, arg.c_name))
    print("%sGError *error," % indent)
    print("%sgpointer userdata);" % indent)
    print("")

    # Generated async callback handler, calls user-provided callback
    indent = (30 + len(a.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("static void _%s_async_callback (GUPnPServiceProxy *proxy," % a.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%sGUPnPServiceProxyAction *action," % indent)
    print("%sgpointer user_data)" % indent)
    print("{")
    print("  GUPnPAsyncData *cbdata;")
    print("  GError *error = NULL;")
    for arg in a.out_args:
        print("  %s%s;" % (arg.related_var.ctype, arg.c_name))
    print("")
    print("  cbdata = (GUPnPAsyncData *) user_data;")
    print("  gupnp_service_proxy_end_action")
    print("    (proxy, action, &error,")
    for arg in a.out_args:
        print("     \"%s\", %s, &%s," % (arg.name, arg.related_var.gtype, arg.c_name))
    print("     NULL);")
    print("  ((%s_reply)cbdata->cb)" % a.c_prefixed_name)
    print("    (proxy,")
    for arg in a.out_args:
        print("     %s," % arg.c_name)
    print("     error, cbdata->userdata);")
    print("")
    print("  g_slice_free1 (sizeof (*cbdata), cbdata);")
    print("}")
    print("")

    # Entry point
    indent = (8 + len(a.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("static inline GUPnPServiceProxyAction *")
    print("%s_async (GUPnPServiceProxy *proxy," % a.c_prefixed_name)
    for arg in a.in_args:
        print("%sconst %sin_%s," % (indent, arg.related_var.ctype, arg.c_name))
    print("%s%s_reply callback," % (indent, a.c_prefixed_name))
    print("%sgpointer userdata)" % indent)
    print("{")
    print("  GUPnPServiceProxyAction* action;")
    print("  GUPnPAsyncData *cbdata;")
    print("")
    print("  cbdata = (GUPnPAsyncData *) g_slice_alloc (sizeof (*cbdata));")
    print("  cbdata->cb = G_CALLBACK (callback);")
    print("  cbdata->userdata = userdata;")
    print("  action = gupnp_service_proxy_begin_action")
    print("    (proxy, \"%s\"," % a.name)
    print("     _%s_async_callback, cbdata," % a.c_prefixed_name)
    for arg in a.in_args:
        print("     \"%s\", %s, in_%s," % (arg.name, arg.related_var.gtype, arg.c_name))
    print("     NULL);")
    print("")
    print("  return action;")
    print("}")


def printClientVariableNotifyBinding(v):
    ctype = re.sub("^gchar", "const gchar", v.ctype)

    # callback prototype
    indent = (22 + len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("typedef void")
    print("(*%s_changed_callback) (GUPnPServiceProxy *proxy," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%s%s%s," % (indent, ctype, v.c_name))
    print("%sgpointer userdata);" % indent)
    print("")

    # private callback
    indent = (20 + len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("static void")
    print("_%s_changed_callback (GUPnPServiceProxy *proxy," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%sconst gchar *variable," % indent)
    print("%sGValue *value," % indent)
    print("%sgpointer userdata)" % indent)
    print("{")
    print("  GUPnPAsyncData *cbdata;")
    print("  %s%s;" % (ctype, v.c_name))
    print("")
    print("  cbdata = (GUPnPAsyncData *) userdata;")
    print("  %s = %s (value);" % (v.c_name, v.get_function))
    print("  ((%s_changed_callback)cbdata->cb)" % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("    (proxy,")
    print("     %s," % v.c_name)
    print("     cbdata->userdata);")
    print("")
    print("  g_slice_free1 (sizeof (*cbdata), cbdata);")
    print("}")
    print("")

    # public notify_add function
    indent = (13 + len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("static inline gboolean")
    print("%s_add_notify (GUPnPServiceProxy *proxy," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%s%s_changed_callback callback," % (indent, v.c_prefixed_name))
    print("%sgpointer userdata)" % indent)
    print("{")
    print("  GUPnPAsyncData *cbdata;")
    print("")
    print("  cbdata = (GUPnPAsyncData *) g_slice_alloc (sizeof (*cbdata));")
    print("  cbdata->cb = G_CALLBACK (callback);")
    print("  cbdata->userdata = userdata;")
    print("")
    print("  return gupnp_service_proxy_add_notify")
    print("    (proxy,")
    print("     \"%s\"," % v.name)
    print("     %s," % v.gtype)
    print("     _%s_changed_callback," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("     cbdata);")
    print("}")


def printServerVariableQueryBinding(v):
    # User callback proto
    indent = (28 + len(v.ctype)+len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("typedef %s(*%s_query_callback) (GUPnPService *service," % (v.ctype, v.c_prefixed_name))
    print("%sgpointer userdata);" % indent)
    print("")

    indent = (12 + len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("static void")
    print("_%s_query_cb (GUPnPService *service," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%sgchar *variable," % indent)
    print("%sGValue *value," % indent)
    print("%sgpointer userdata)" % indent)
    print("{")
    print("  GUPnPAsyncData *cbdata;")
    print("  %s%s;" % (v.ctype, v.c_name))
    print("")

    indent = (36 + len(v.c_name) + len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("  cbdata = (GUPnPAsyncData *) userdata;")
    print("  %s = ((%s_query_callback)cbdata->cb) (service," % (v.c_name, v.c_prefixed_name))
    print("%scbdata->userdata);" % indent)
    print("  g_value_init (value, %s);" % v.gtype)
    print("  %s (value, %s);" % (v.set_function, v.c_name))
    print("}")
    print("")

    indent = (16 + len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("gulong")
    print("%s_query_connect (GUPnPService *service," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%s%s_query_callback callback," % (indent, v.c_prefixed_name))
    print("%sgpointer userdata)" % indent)
    print("{")
    print("  GUPnPAsyncData *cbdata;")
    print("")
    print("  cbdata = (GUPnPAsyncData *) g_slice_alloc (sizeof (*cbdata));")
    print("  cbdata->cb = G_CALLBACK (callback);")
    print("  cbdata->userdata = userdata;")
    print("")
    print("  return g_signal_connect_data (service,")
    print("                                \"query-variable::%s\"," % v.name)
    print("                                G_CALLBACK (_%s_query_cb)," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("                                cbdata,")
    print("                                _free_cb_data,")
    print("                                (GConnectFlags) 0);")
    print("}")
    print("")


def printServerActionBinding(a):
    # getter and setter func for GUPnPServiceAction
    indent = (13 + len(a.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    if len(a.in_args) > 0:
        print("static inline void")
        print("%s_action_get (GUPnPServiceAction *action," % (a.c_prefixed_name))
        for arg in a.in_args[:-1]:
            print("%s%s*in_%s," % (indent, arg.related_var.ctype, arg.c_name))
        print("%s%s*in_%s)" % (indent, a.in_args[-1].related_var.ctype, a.in_args[-1].c_name))
        print("{")
        print("  gupnp_service_action_get (action,")
        for arg in a.in_args:
            print("                            \"%s\", %s, in_%s," % (arg.name, arg.related_var.gtype, arg.c_name))
        print("                            NULL);")
        print("}")
        print("")
    if len(a.out_args) > 0:
        print("static inline void")
        print("%s_action_set (GUPnPServiceAction *action," % (a.c_prefixed_name))
        for arg in a.out_args[:-1]:
            print("%sconst %sout_%s," % (indent, arg.related_var.ctype, arg.c_name))
        print("%sconst %sout_%s)" % (indent, a.out_args[-1].related_var.ctype, a.out_args[-1].c_name))
        print("{")
        print("  gupnp_service_action_set (action,")
        for arg in a.out_args:
            print("                            \"%s\", %s, out_%s," % (arg.name, arg.related_var.gtype, arg.c_name))
        print("                            NULL);")
        print("}")
        print("")

    indent = (17 + len(a.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("static inline gulong")
    print("%s_action_connect (GUPnPService *service," % a.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%sGCallback callback," % indent)
    print("%sgpointer userdata)" % indent)
    print("{")
    print("  return g_signal_connect (service,")
    print("                           \"action-invoked::%s\"," % a.name)
    print("                           callback,")
    print("                           userdata);")
    print("}")
    print("")


def PrintServerVariableNotifyBinding(v):
    indent = (18 + len(v.c_prefixed_name)) * " "
    print("void")
    print("%s_variable_notify (GUPnPService *service," % v.c_prefixed_name)
    print("%sconst %s%s)" % (indent, v.ctype, v.c_name))
    print("{")
    print("  gupnp_service_notify (service,")
    print("                        \"%s\", %s, %s," % (v.name, v.gtype, v.c_name))
    print("                        NULL);")
    print("}")
    print("")


def parseSCPD(scpd, prefix):
    """
    Parse the scpd file into lists of Action and Variable objects.
    """
    if prefix != "":
        prefix = prefix.lower() + "_"

    action_elements = scpd.findall("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}actionList/{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}action")
    var_elements = scpd.findall("{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}serviceStateTable/{urn:schemas-upnp-org:service-1-0}stateVariable")

    variables = getVariables(var_elements, prefix)
    actions = getActions(action_elements, prefix, variables)

    return (actions, variables)


def printClientBindings(binding_name, actions, variables):
    define = "GUPNP_GENERATED_CLIENT_BINDING_%s" % binding_name

    print("/* Generated by gupnp-binding-tool */")
    print("")
    print("#include <libgupnp/gupnp.h>")
    print("")
    print("#ifndef %s" % define)
    print("#define %s" % define)
    print("")
    print("G_BEGIN_DECLS")

    print("\n#ifndef __GUPNPASYNCDATA_TYPE__")
    print("#define __GUPNPASYNCDATA_TYPE__")
    print("typedef struct {GCallback cb; gpointer userdata; } GUPnPAsyncData;")
    print("#endif")

    for a in actions:
        print("\n/* action %s */\n" % a.name)
        printClientSyncActionBinding(a)
        printClientAsyncActionBinding(a)
    for v in variables:
        if (not v.dummy) and v.notified:
            print("\n/* state variable %s */\n" % v.name)
            printClientVariableNotifyBinding(v)

    print("")
    print("G_END_DECLS")
    print("")
    print("#endif /* %s */" % define)


def printServerBindings(binding_name, actions, variables):
    define = "GUPNP_GENERATED_CLIENT_BINDING_%s" % binding_name

    print("/* Generated by gupnp-binding-tool */")
    print("")
    print("#include <libgupnp/gupnp.h>")
    print("")
    print("#ifndef %s" % define)
    print("#define %s" % define)
    print("")
    print("G_BEGIN_DECLS")

    print("\n#ifndef __GUPNPASYNCDATA_TYPE__")
    print("#define __GUPNPASYNCDATA_TYPE__")
    print("typedef struct {GCallback cb; gpointer userdata; } GUPnPAsyncData;")
    print("#endif")

    print("static void")
    print("_free_cb_data (gpointer data, GClosure *closure)")
    print("{")
    print("  GUPnPAsyncData *cbdata = (GUPnPAsyncData *) data;")
    print("  g_slice_free1 (sizeof (*cbdata), cbdata);")
    print("}")
    print("")

    for a in actions:
        print("\n/* action %s */\n" % a.name)
        printServerActionBinding(a)
    for v in variables:
        if not v.dummy:
            print("\n/* state variable %s */\n" % v.name)
            printServerVariableQueryBinding(v)
            if v.notified:
                PrintServerVariableNotifyBinding(v)

    print("")
    print("G_END_DECLS")
    print("")
    print("#endif /* %s */" % define)


def main():
    parser = OptionParser("Usage: %prog [options] service-filename")
    parser.add_option("-p", "--prefix", dest="prefix",
                      metavar="PREFIX", default="",
                      help="set prefix for generated function names")
    parser.add_option("-m", "--mode", type="choice", dest="mode",
                      metavar="MODE", default="client",
                      choices=("client", "server"),
                      help="select generation mode, 'client' or 'server'")

    (options, args) = parser.parse_args()
    if len(args) != 1:
        parser.error("Expected 1 argument, got %d" % len(args))

    # get a name for header ifdef
    if options.prefix == "":
        base = re.sub("[^a-zA-Z0-9]", "_", os.path.basename(args[0]))
        binding_name = base.upper()
    else:
        binding_name = options.prefix.upper()

    # parse scpd file, extract action list and state variable list
    scpd = ET.parse(args[0])
    (actions, variables) = parseSCPD(scpd, options.prefix)
    if (len(actions) == 0 and len(variables) == 0):
        raise Exception("No actions or variables found in document")

    # generate bindings
    if (options.mode == "client"):
        printClientBindings(binding_name, actions, variables)
    else:
        printServerBindings(binding_name, actions, variables)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()