File: canonicalize-lgpl.c

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/* Return the canonical absolute name of a given file.
   Copyright (C) 1996-2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   This file is part of the GNU C Library.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

#ifndef _LIBC
# define _GL_USE_STDLIB_ALLOC 1
# include <ac_config.h>
#endif

#if !HAVE_CANONICALIZE_FILE_NAME || !FUNC_REALPATH_WORKS || defined _LIBC

/* Don't use __attribute__ __nonnull__ in this compilation unit.  Otherwise gcc
   optimizes away the name == NULL test below.  */
#define _GL_ARG_NONNULL(params)

/* Specification.  */
#include <stdlib.h>

#include <alloca.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <limits.h>
#if HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H || defined _LIBC
# include <sys/param.h>
#endif
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stddef.h>

#ifdef _LIBC
# include <shlib-compat.h>
#else
# define SHLIB_COMPAT(lib, introduced, obsoleted) 0
# define versioned_symbol(lib, local, symbol, version) extern int dummy
# define compat_symbol(lib, local, symbol, version)
# define weak_alias(local, symbol)
# define __canonicalize_file_name canonicalize_file_name
# define __realpath realpath
# include "pathmax.h"
# include "malloca.h"
# if HAVE_GETCWD
#  if IN_RELOCWRAPPER
    /* When building the relocatable program wrapper, use the system's getcwd
       function, not the gnulib override, otherwise we would get a link error.
     */
#   undef getcwd
#  endif
#  ifdef VMS
    /* We want the directory in Unix syntax, not in VMS syntax.  */
#   define __getcwd(buf, max) getcwd (buf, max, 0)
#  else
#   define __getcwd getcwd
#  endif
# else
#  define __getcwd(buf, max) getwd (buf)
# endif
# define __readlink readlink
# define __set_errno(e) errno = (e)
# ifndef MAXSYMLINKS
#  ifdef SYMLOOP_MAX
#   define MAXSYMLINKS SYMLOOP_MAX
#  else
#   define MAXSYMLINKS 20
#  endif
# endif
#endif

#ifndef DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT
# define DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT 0
#endif

#if !FUNC_REALPATH_WORKS || defined _LIBC
/* Return the canonical absolute name of file NAME.  A canonical name
   does not contain any `.', `..' components nor any repeated path
   separators ('/') or symlinks.  All path components must exist.  If
   RESOLVED is null, the result is malloc'd; otherwise, if the
   canonical name is PATH_MAX chars or more, returns null with `errno'
   set to ENAMETOOLONG; if the name fits in fewer than PATH_MAX chars,
   returns the name in RESOLVED.  If the name cannot be resolved and
   RESOLVED is non-NULL, it contains the path of the first component
   that cannot be resolved.  If the path can be resolved, RESOLVED
   holds the same value as the value returned.  */

char *
__realpath (const char *name, char *resolved)
{
  char *rpath, *dest, *extra_buf = NULL;
  const char *start, *end, *rpath_limit;
  long int path_max;
  int num_links = 0;

  if (name == NULL)
    {
      /* As per Single Unix Specification V2 we must return an error if
         either parameter is a null pointer.  We extend this to allow
         the RESOLVED parameter to be NULL in case the we are expected to
         allocate the room for the return value.  */
      __set_errno (EINVAL);
      return NULL;
    }

  if (name[0] == '\0')
    {
      /* As per Single Unix Specification V2 we must return an error if
         the name argument points to an empty string.  */
      __set_errno (ENOENT);
      return NULL;
    }

#ifdef PATH_MAX
  path_max = PATH_MAX;
#else
  path_max = pathconf (name, _PC_PATH_MAX);
  if (path_max <= 0)
    path_max = 1024;
#endif

  if (resolved == NULL)
    {
      rpath = malloc (path_max);
      if (rpath == NULL)
        {
          /* It's easier to set errno to ENOMEM than to rely on the
             'malloc-posix' gnulib module.  */
          errno = ENOMEM;
          return NULL;
        }
    }
  else
    rpath = resolved;
  rpath_limit = rpath + path_max;

  if (name[0] != '/')
    {
      if (!__getcwd (rpath, path_max))
        {
          rpath[0] = '\0';
          goto error;
        }
      dest = strchr (rpath, '\0');
    }
  else
    {
      rpath[0] = '/';
      dest = rpath + 1;
      if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && name[1] == '/')
        *dest++ = '/';
    }

  for (start = end = name; *start; start = end)
    {
#ifdef _LIBC
      struct stat64 st;
#else
      struct stat st;
#endif
      int n;

      /* Skip sequence of multiple path-separators.  */
      while (*start == '/')
        ++start;

      /* Find end of path component.  */
      for (end = start; *end && *end != '/'; ++end)
        /* Nothing.  */;

      if (end - start == 0)
        break;
      else if (end - start == 1 && start[0] == '.')
        /* nothing */;
      else if (end - start == 2 && start[0] == '.' && start[1] == '.')
        {
          /* Back up to previous component, ignore if at root already.  */
          if (dest > rpath + 1)
            while ((--dest)[-1] != '/');
          if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && dest == rpath + 1
              && *dest == '/')
            dest++;
        }
      else
        {
          size_t new_size;

          if (dest[-1] != '/')
            *dest++ = '/';

          if (dest + (end - start) >= rpath_limit)
            {
              ptrdiff_t dest_offset = dest - rpath;
              char *new_rpath;

              if (resolved)
                {
                  __set_errno (ENAMETOOLONG);
                  if (dest > rpath + 1)
                    dest--;
                  *dest = '\0';
                  goto error;
                }
              new_size = rpath_limit - rpath;
              if (end - start + 1 > path_max)
                new_size += end - start + 1;
              else
                new_size += path_max;
              new_rpath = (char *) realloc (rpath, new_size);
              if (new_rpath == NULL)
                {
                  /* It's easier to set errno to ENOMEM than to rely on the
                     'realloc-posix' gnulib module.  */
                  errno = ENOMEM;
                  goto error;
                }
              rpath = new_rpath;
              rpath_limit = rpath + new_size;

              dest = rpath + dest_offset;
            }

#ifdef _LIBC
          dest = __mempcpy (dest, start, end - start);
#else
          memcpy (dest, start, end - start);
          dest += end - start;
#endif
          *dest = '\0';

#ifdef _LIBC
          if (__lxstat64 (_STAT_VER, rpath, &st) < 0)
#else
          if (lstat (rpath, &st) < 0)
#endif
            goto error;

          if (S_ISLNK (st.st_mode))
            {
              char *buf;
              size_t len;

              if (++num_links > MAXSYMLINKS)
                {
                  __set_errno (ELOOP);
                  goto error;
                }

              buf = malloca (path_max);
              if (!buf)
                {
                  errno = ENOMEM;
                  goto error;
                }

              n = __readlink (rpath, buf, path_max - 1);
              if (n < 0)
                {
                  int saved_errno = errno;
                  freea (buf);
                  errno = saved_errno;
                  goto error;
                }
              buf[n] = '\0';

              if (!extra_buf)
                {
                  extra_buf = malloca (path_max);
                  if (!extra_buf)
                    {
                      freea (buf);
                      errno = ENOMEM;
                      goto error;
                    }
                }

              len = strlen (end);
              if ((long int) (n + len) >= path_max)
                {
                  freea (buf);
                  __set_errno (ENAMETOOLONG);
                  goto error;
                }

              /* Careful here, end may be a pointer into extra_buf... */
              memmove (&extra_buf[n], end, len + 1);
              name = end = memcpy (extra_buf, buf, n);

              if (buf[0] == '/')
                {
                  dest = rpath + 1;     /* It's an absolute symlink */
                  if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && buf[1] == '/')
                    *dest++ = '/';
                }
              else
                {
                  /* Back up to previous component, ignore if at root
                     already: */
                  if (dest > rpath + 1)
                    while ((--dest)[-1] != '/');
                  if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && dest == rpath + 1
                      && *dest == '/')
                    dest++;
                }
            }
          else if (!S_ISDIR (st.st_mode) && *end != '\0')
            {
              __set_errno (ENOTDIR);
              goto error;
            }
        }
    }
  if (dest > rpath + 1 && dest[-1] == '/')
    --dest;
  if (DOUBLE_SLASH_IS_DISTINCT_ROOT && dest == rpath + 1 && *dest == '/')
    dest++;
  *dest = '\0';

  if (extra_buf)
    freea (extra_buf);

  return rpath;

error:
  {
    int saved_errno = errno;
    if (extra_buf)
      freea (extra_buf);
    if (resolved == NULL)
      free (rpath);
    errno = saved_errno;
  }
  return NULL;
}
versioned_symbol (libc, __realpath, realpath, GLIBC_2_3);
#endif /* !FUNC_REALPATH_WORKS || defined _LIBC */


#if SHLIB_COMPAT(libc, GLIBC_2_0, GLIBC_2_3)
char *
attribute_compat_text_section
__old_realpath (const char *name, char *resolved)
{
  if (resolved == NULL)
    {
      __set_errno (EINVAL);
      return NULL;
    }

  return __realpath (name, resolved);
}
compat_symbol (libc, __old_realpath, realpath, GLIBC_2_0);
#endif


char *
__canonicalize_file_name (const char *name)
{
  return __realpath (name, NULL);
}
weak_alias (__canonicalize_file_name, canonicalize_file_name)

#else

/* This declaration is solely to ensure that after preprocessing
   this file is never empty.  */
typedef int dummy;

#endif