This is a generic INSTALL file for utilities distributions.
Some features specific to gzip have been added.
To compile this package:
1. Configure the package for your system. In the directory that this
file is in, type `./configure'. If you're using `csh' on an old
version of System V, you might need to type `sh configure' instead to
prevent `csh' from trying to execute `configure' itself. If you
are using Ultrix, you might need to type `sh5 configure' to avoid
bugs in /bin/sh. Note that 'sh -x configure' may give different results
than 'sh configure', making it difficult to debug configure scripts.
The `configure' shell script attempts to guess correct values for
various system-dependent variables used during compilation, and
creates the Makefile(s) (one in each subdirectory of the source
directory). In some packages it creates a C header file containing
system-dependent definitions. It also creates a file `config.status'
that you can run in the future to recreate the current configuration.
Running `configure' takes a minute or two. While it is running, it
prints some messages that tell what it is doing. If you don't want to
see the messages, run `configure' with its standard output redirected
to `/dev/null'; for example, `./configure >/dev/null'.
To compile the package in a different directory from the one
containing the source code, you must use a version of `make' that
supports the VPATH variable, such as GNU `make'. `cd' to the directory
where you want the object files and executables to go and run
`configure'. `configure' automatically checks for the source code in
the directory that `configure' is in and in `..'. If for some reason
`configure' is not in the source code directory that you are
configuring, then it will report that it can't find the source code.
In that case, run `configure' with the option `--srcdir=DIR', where
DIR is the directory that contains the source code.
By default, `make install' will install the package's files in
/usr/local/bin, /usr/local/lib, /usr/local/man, etc. You can specify an
installation prefix other than /usr/local by giving `configure' the option
`--prefix=PATH'. Alternately, you can do so by consistently giving a value
for the `prefix' variable when you run `make', e.g.,
make prefix=/usr/gnu install
You can specify separate installation prefixes for
architecture-specific files and architecture-independent files. If
you give `configure' the option `--exec-prefix=PATH' or set the
`make' variable `exec_prefix' to PATH, the package will use PATH as
the prefix for installing programs and libraries. Data files and
documentation will still use the regular prefix. Normally, all files
are installed using the regular prefix.
Another `configure' option is useful mainly in `Makefile' rules for
updating `config.status' and `Makefile'. The `--no-create' option
figures out the configuration for your system and records it in
`config.status', without actually configuring the package (creating
`Makefile's and perhaps a configuration header file). Later, you can
run `./config.status' to actually configure the package. You can also
give `config.status' the `--recheck' option, which makes it re-run
`configure' with the same arguments you used before. This option is
useful if you change `configure'.
`configure' ignores any other arguments that you give it.
If your system requires unusual options for compilation or linking
that `configure' doesn't know about, you can give `configure' initial
values for some variables by setting them in the environment. In
Bourne-compatible shells, you can do that on the command line like
CC='gcc -traditional' DEFS=-D_POSIX_SOURCE ./configure
For csh compatible shells, you can do something like this:
(setenv CC 'gcc -traditional' ; ./configure)
The `make' variables that you might want to override with environment
variables when running `configure' are:
(For these variables, any value given in the environment overrides the
value that `configure' would choose:)
CC C compiler program.
Default is `cc', or `gcc' if `gcc' is in your PATH.
INSTALL Program to use to install files.
Default is `install' if you have it, `cp' otherwise.
If you have an non-standard `install', use INSTALL="cp -p"
(For these variables, any value given in the environment is added to
the value that `configure' chooses:)
DEFS Configuration options, in the form `-Dfoo -Dbar ...'
CFLAGS Compiler options, such as `-O -g ...'
LIBS Libraries to link with, in the form `-lfoo -lbar ...'
If you need to do unusual things to compile the package, we encourage
you to figure out how `configure' could check whether to do them, and
mail diffs or instructions to the address given in the README so we
can include them in the next release.
2. Type `make' to compile the package. If you want, you can override
the `make' variables CFLAGS and LDFLAGS like this:
make CFLAGS=-O2 LDFLAGS=-s
3. The package comes with self-tests. If you want to run them,
type `make check'.
4. Type `make install' to install programs, data files, and
documentation. This creates links between gzip, gunzip and zcat.
You can create additional links uncompress, ungzip and gzcat if
you prefer these names. You can also create links to unpack and pcat
if your system uses packed files by default and you want to transform
them transparently to gzip'ed files.
If you wish to use only the name gzcat and not overwrite an existing zcat, use:
make ZCAT=gzcat install
The man pages are installed by default with an extension `.1' (one).
If you want the extension `.l' (lower case L) use:
make manext=l install
If you are using csh or tcsh, you must type `rehash' after `make install'
to make sure that the command `gzip' will invoke the new executable.
5. You can remove the program binaries and object files from the
source directory by typing `make clean'. To also remove the
Makefile(s), the header file containing system-dependent definitions
(if the package uses one), and `config.status' (all the files that
`configure' created), type `make distclean'.
The file `configure.in' is used as a template to create `configure' by
a program called `autoconf'. You will only need it if you want to
regenerate `configure' using a newer version of `autoconf'.
6. You can add the following lines to your /etc/magic file so that
file(1), if your system supports it, will recognize files created by
0 string \037\213 gzip compressed data
>2 byte 8 - deflate method
>3 byte &0x1 , ascii
>3 byte &0x2 , continuation
>3 byte &0x4 , extra field
>3 byte &0x8 , original file name
>3 byte &0x10 , comment
>3 byte &0x20 , encrypted
>8 byte 2 , max compression
>8 byte 4 , max speed
If your version of 'file' does not accept octal numbers in strings, replace the
first line with one of these:
0 short 0x8b1f gzip compressed data
0 short 0105437 gzip compressed data
0 short 0x1f8b gzip compressed data
0 short 017613 gzip compressed data
Use the first or second form if your machine is a 386 or a Vax or a
MIPS configured in little-endian mode or any other little-endian
machine. Use the third or fourth form on big-endian machines.
On some systems, the field separators must contain only tabs (no spaces).
7. To rename .z files with the new .gz suffix, you can use or adapt
the following shell script:
find . -name '*.z' -type f -print | while read i
new=`echo "$i" | sed 's/\.z$/.gz/'`
mv "$i" "$new" || echo Failed renaming $i to $new
If you wish to keep the old .z suffix as default without setting the
GZIP environment variable to "--suffix .z", you can compile gzip with:
8. Special targets
- For MSDOS, OS/2, VMS, Atari, Amiga, Primos, use the makefile or command
file provided in the appropriate subdirectory. For Turbo C++ 1.0, read
the warning at the top of Makefile.bor.
- On some systems memcpy() may not work as expected. (Problem found on
Pyramid only so far.) If you get "crc error" on some .gz files, add
-DNOMEMCPY to CFLAGS and recompile inflate.o. For example:
rm -f inflate.o
make CFLAGS="-O2 -DNOMEMCPY"
The memcpy problem affects only gunzip, not gzip. You can safely define
-DNOMEMCPY on all systems, but this may degrade performance of gunzip.
- If your system is a pure BSD system but incorrectly links string.h to
strings.h, you may get undefined mem* and str* symbols. Try recompiling with
- On some systems (reported on Dec Ultrix), "cc -E" and /lib/cpp behave
differently. If you have trouble with the default configuration, try:
- On Ultrix, /bin/sh is too buggy. Use "sh5 configure" instead of "configure".
- On Mips Dec Ultrix, gunzip behaves non-deterministically with regard
to some .gz files. The same command either succeeds or gives a CRC error.
This problem is still being investigated. The files produced by gzip
are correct (can reliably be extracted on other systems).
- On Xenix, some preprocessors do not define M_XENIX. You may have to do:
- On Xenix 2.3.2 for 286, do: make xenix_286
- On Coherent, do: make coherent
- On NeXTstep 3.1, many people (but not all) have had trouble with
configure. Try first
(setenv DEFS -DNO_UTIME_H; ./configure)
If this fails, then try "make next". configure should work correctly
on NeXTstep versions up to 3.0.
To build a gzip package that can run on either the m68k or i386 family,
use configure then "make next-fat".
On some versions of NeXT, either "cc -finline-functions" or "cc -O4"
is broken. gzip produces valid .gz files but they are much too large
because the string matching code misses most matches. Use "cc -O" instead.
- There is an optimization bug in the IRIX 4.0.5 IDO 4.1 assembler which is
triggered by GCC -O. IDO 4.1.1 should fix this. If you have to use IDO 4.1
then you can avoid the bug in one of the following ways:
1. Use SGI CC
2. Add the -noasmopt flag to GCC
3. Reconfigure GCC with the "mips-sgi-irix4loser" target which effectively
does the same as specifying "-noasmopt" all by default.
4. Don't use -O at all with GCC.
- On Solaris 2.1 for x86, the January 1993 "OEM" compiler release
generates bad code. This is fixed in the June 1993 "FCS" release.
- on Sparc with SunOS 4.1.1 and the SC1.0 compiler, the optimizer
works up to -O3 but -O4 does not work.
- MSC 5.1 with -Ox and -DDYN_ALLOC generates bad code in inflate.c.
The default is static allocation (no DYN_ALLOC) and -Ox works on inflate.c.
But -Ox does not work on util.c and unlzh.c, so you must use -Oait -Gs.
- The exit() function in Turbo C++ 1.0 seems to be broken. gzip crashes
even if exit(0) is the first statement in main(). The problem is avoided
by adding -Dexit=_exit to CFLAGS in Makefile.bor.
- On dnix 5.3 2.2 cc version 2.37c is buggy. Version 2.38d works.
- On an Alliant running Concentrix, cc (even without optimization) generates
incorrect code. You have to use gcc.
- On Cray running CSOS 1.0 with compiler version dev-125, you must compile
with the flag "-hnoopt" to avoid an optimizer bug.
- On HPUX, configure can't find a correct install. Use: