File: string_utils.cc

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/*
 *  This file is part of libcxxsupport.
 *
 *  libcxxsupport is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  libcxxsupport is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with libcxxsupport; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 */

/*
 *  libcxxsupport is being developed at the Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik
 *  and financially supported by the Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt
 *  (DLR).
 */

/*
 *  This file contains the implementation of various convenience functions
 *  used by the Planck LevelS package.
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2002-2014 Max-Planck-Society
 *  Author: Martin Reinecke
 */

#include <sstream>
#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
#include <cstring>
#include <cctype>
#include "string_utils.h"

using namespace std;

string trim (const string &orig)
  {
  string::size_type p1=orig.find_first_not_of(" \t");
  if (p1==string::npos) return "";
  string::size_type p2=orig.find_last_not_of(" \t");
  return orig.substr(p1,p2-p1+1);
  }

template<typename T> string dataToString (const T &x)
  {
  ostringstream strstrm;
  strstrm << x;
  return trim(strstrm.str());
  }

template<> string dataToString (const bool &x)
  { return x ? "T" : "F"; }
template<> string dataToString (const string &x)
  { return trim(x); }
template<> string dataToString (const float &x)
  {
  ostringstream strstrm;
  strstrm << setprecision(8) << x;
  return trim(strstrm.str());
  }
template<> string dataToString (const double &x)
  {
  ostringstream strstrm;
  strstrm << setprecision(16) << x;
  return trim(strstrm.str());
  }
template<> string dataToString (const long double &x)
  {
  ostringstream strstrm;
  strstrm << setprecision(25) << x;
  return trim(strstrm.str());
  }

template string dataToString (const signed char &x);
template string dataToString (const unsigned char &x);
template string dataToString (const short &x);
template string dataToString (const unsigned short &x);
template string dataToString (const int &x);
template string dataToString (const unsigned int &x);
template string dataToString (const long &x);
template string dataToString (const unsigned long &x);
template string dataToString (const long long &x);
template string dataToString (const unsigned long long &x);

string intToString(int64 x, tsize width)
  {
  ostringstream strstrm;
  (x>=0) ? strstrm << setw(width) << setfill('0') << x
         : strstrm << "-" << setw(width-1) << setfill('0') << -x;
  string res = strstrm.str();
  planck_assert(res.size()==width,"number too large");
  return trim(res);
  }

namespace {

void end_stringToData (const string &x, const char *tn, istringstream &strstrm)
  {
  string error = string("conversion error in stringToData<")+tn+">(\""+x+"\")";
  planck_assert (strstrm,error);
  string rest;
  strstrm >> rest;
//  rest=trim(rest);
  planck_assert (rest.length()==0,error);
  }

} // unnamed namespace

template<typename T> void stringToData (const string &x, T &value)
  {
  istringstream strstrm(x);
  strstrm >> value;
  end_stringToData (x,type2typename<T>(),strstrm);
  }

template<> void stringToData (const string &x, string &value)
  { value = trim(x); }

template<> void stringToData (const string &x, bool &value)
  {
  const char *fval[] = {"f","n","false",".false."};
  const char *tval[] = {"t","y","true",".true."};
  for (tsize i=0; i< sizeof(fval)/sizeof(fval[0]); ++i)
    if (equal_nocase(x,fval[i])) { value=false; return; }
  for (tsize i=0; i< sizeof(tval)/sizeof(tval[0]); ++i)
    if (equal_nocase(x,tval[i])) { value=true; return; }
  planck_fail("conversion error in stringToData<bool>(\""+x+"\")");
  }

template void stringToData (const string &x, signed char &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, unsigned char &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, short &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, unsigned short &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, int &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, unsigned int &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, long &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, unsigned long &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, long long &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, unsigned long long &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, float &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, double &value);
template void stringToData (const string &x, long double &value);

bool equal_nocase (const string &a, const string &b)
  {
  if (a.size()!=b.size()) return false;
  for (tsize m=0; m<a.size(); ++m)
    if (tolower(a[m])!=tolower(b[m])) return false;
  return true;
  }

string tolower(const string &input)
  {
  string result=input;
  for (tsize m=0; m<result.size(); ++m)
    result[m]=char(tolower(result[m]));
  return result;
  }

void parse_file (const string &filename, map<string,string> &dict)
  {
  int lineno=0;
  dict.clear();
  ifstream inp(filename.c_str());
  planck_assert (inp,"Could not open parameter file '"+filename+"'.");
  while (inp)
    {
    string line;
    getline(inp, line);
    ++lineno;
    // remove potential carriage returns at the end of the line
    line=line.substr(0,line.find("\r"));
    line=line.substr(0,line.find("#"));
    line=trim(line);
    if (line.size()>0)
      {
      string::size_type eqpos=line.find("=");
      if (eqpos!=string::npos)
        {
        string key=trim(line.substr(0,eqpos)),
               value=trim(line.substr(eqpos+1,string::npos));
        if (key=="")
          cerr << "Warning: empty key in '" << filename << "', line "
               << lineno << endl;
        else
          {
          if (dict.find(key)!=dict.end())
            cerr << "Warning: key '" << key << "' multiply defined in '"
                 << filename << "', line " << lineno << endl;
          dict[key]=value;
          }
        }
      else
        cerr << "Warning: unrecognized format in '" << filename << "', line "
             << lineno << ":\n" << line << endl;
      }
    }
  }

namespace {

bool isParam (const string &s)
  {
  if (s.size()<2) return false;
  if (s[0]!='-') return false;
  return !(isdigit(s[1]) || (s[1]=='.'));
  }

} // unnamed namespace

void parse_cmdline_classic (int argc, const char **argv,
  const vector<string> &leading_args, map<string,string> &dict)
  {
  dict.clear();
  planck_assert(tsize(argc)>leading_args.size(),"not enough arguments");
  for (tsize i=0; i<leading_args.size(); ++i)
    dict[leading_args[i]] = argv[i+1];
  int curarg=leading_args.size()+1;
  while (curarg<argc)
    {
    string param=argv[curarg];
    planck_assert(isParam(param),"unrecognized command line format");
    if ((curarg==argc-1) || isParam(argv[curarg+1]))
      {
      dict[param.substr(1)]="true";
      ++curarg;
      }
    else
      {
      dict[param.substr(1)]=argv[curarg+1];
      curarg+=2;
      }
    }
  }

void parse_cmdline_classic (int argc, const char **argv,
  map<string,string> &dict)
  { parse_cmdline_classic (argc, argv, vector<string>(), dict); }

void parse_cmdline_equalsign (int argc, const char **argv,
  const vector<string> &leading_args, map<string,string> &dict)
  {
  dict.clear();
  planck_assert(tsize(argc)>leading_args.size(),"not enough arguments");
  for (tsize i=0; i<leading_args.size(); ++i)
    dict[leading_args[i]] = argv[i+1];
  for (int i=leading_args.size()+1; i<argc; ++i)
    {
    string arg=trim(argv[i]);
    if (arg.size()>0)
      {
      string::size_type eqpos=arg.find("=");
      if (eqpos!=string::npos)
        {
        string key=trim(arg.substr(0,eqpos)),
               value=trim(arg.substr(eqpos+1,string::npos));
        if (key=="")
          cerr << "Warning: empty key in argument'" << arg << "'" << endl;
        else
          {
          if (dict.find(key)!=dict.end())
            cerr << "Warning: key '" << key << "' multiply defined" << endl;
          dict[key]=value;
          }
        }
      else
        cerr << "Warning: unrecognized format in argument '" << arg << "'"
             << endl;
      }
    }
  }

void parse_cmdline_equalsign (int argc, const char **argv,
  map<string,string> &dict)
  { parse_cmdline_equalsign (argc, argv, vector<string>(), dict); }

namespace {

template<typename T> void split (istream &stream, vector<T> &list)
  {
  list.clear();
  while (stream)
    {
    string word;
    stream >> word;
    planck_assert (stream||stream.eof(),
      string("error while splitting stream into ") + type2typename<T>()
      + "components");
    if (stream) list.push_back(stringToData<T>(word));
    }
  }

} // unnamed namespace

template<typename T> void split (const string &inp, vector<T> &list)
  {
  istringstream stream(inp);
  split (stream,list);
  }

template void split (const string &inp, vector<string> &list);
template void split (const string &inp, vector<float> &list);
template void split (const string &inp, vector<double> &list);
template void split (const string &inp, vector<int> &list);
template void split (const string &inp, vector<long> &list);

void tokenize (const string &inp, char delim, vector<string> &list)
  {
  istringstream stream(inp);
  string token;
  list.clear();
  while (getline(stream,token,delim))
    list.push_back(token);
  }

void parse_words_from_file (const string &filename, vector<string> &words)
  {
  words.clear();
  ifstream inp(filename.c_str());
  planck_assert (inp,"Could not open file '"+filename+"'.");
  while (inp)
    {
    string word;
    inp>>word;
    word=trim(word);
    if (word!="") words.push_back(word);
    }
  }