File: atomicops_internals_arm64_gcc.h

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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
// Copyright 2014 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.

// This file is an internal atomic implementation, use base/atomicops.h instead.

// TODO(rmcilroy): Investigate whether we can use __sync__ intrinsics instead of
//                 the hand coded assembly without introducing perf regressions.
// TODO(rmcilroy): Investigate whether we can use acquire / release versions of
//                 exclusive load / store assembly instructions and do away with
//                 the barriers.

#ifndef BASE_ATOMICOPS_INTERNALS_ARM64_GCC_H_
#define BASE_ATOMICOPS_INTERNALS_ARM64_GCC_H_

#if defined(OS_QNX)
#include <sys/cpuinline.h>
#endif

namespace base {
namespace subtle {

inline void MemoryBarrier() {
  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "dmb ish                                  \n\t"  // Data memory barrier.
    ::: "memory"
  );  // NOLINT
}


inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                         Atomic32 old_value,
                                         Atomic32 new_value) {
  Atomic32 prev;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %w[prev], %[ptr]                 \n\t"  // Load the previous value.
    "cmp %w[prev], %w[old_value]           \n\t"
    "bne 1f                                \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %w[new_value], %[ptr]  \n\t"  // Try to store the new value.
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"  // Retry if it did not work.
    "1:                                    \n\t"
    "clrex                                 \n\t"  // In case we didn't swap.
    : [prev]"=&r" (prev),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [old_value]"r" (old_value),
      [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory", "cc"
  );  // NOLINT

  return prev;
}

inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_AtomicExchange(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                         Atomic32 new_value) {
  Atomic32 result;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %w[result], %[ptr]               \n\t"  // Load the previous value.
    "stxr %w[temp], %w[new_value], %[ptr]  \n\t"  // Try to store the new value.
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"  // Retry if it did not work.
    : [result]"=&r" (result),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory"
  );  // NOLINT

  return result;
}

inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                          Atomic32 increment) {
  Atomic32 result;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                       \n\t"
    "ldxr %w[result], %[ptr]                  \n\t"  // Load the previous value.
    "add %w[result], %w[result], %w[increment]\n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %w[result], %[ptr]        \n\t"  // Try to store the result.
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                        \n\t"  // Retry on failure.
    : [result]"=&r" (result),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [increment]"r" (increment)
    : "memory"
  );  // NOLINT

  return result;
}

inline Atomic32 Barrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                        Atomic32 increment) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  Atomic32 result = NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(ptr, increment);
  MemoryBarrier();

  return result;
}

inline Atomic32 Acquire_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                       Atomic32 old_value,
                                       Atomic32 new_value) {
  Atomic32 prev;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %w[prev], %[ptr]                 \n\t"  // Load the previous value.
    "cmp %w[prev], %w[old_value]           \n\t"
    "bne 1f                                \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %w[new_value], %[ptr]  \n\t"  // Try to store the new value.
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"  // Retry if it did not work.
    "dmb ish                               \n\t"  // Data memory barrier.
    "1:                                    \n\t"
    // If the compare failed the 'dmb' is unnecessary, but we still need a
    // 'clrex'.
    "clrex                                 \n\t"
    : [prev]"=&r" (prev),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [old_value]"r" (old_value),
      [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory", "cc"
  );  // NOLINT

  return prev;
}

inline Atomic32 Release_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                       Atomic32 old_value,
                                       Atomic32 new_value) {
  Atomic32 prev;
  int32_t temp;

  MemoryBarrier();

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %w[prev], %[ptr]                 \n\t"  // Load the previous value.
    "cmp %w[prev], %w[old_value]           \n\t"
    "bne 1f                                \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %w[new_value], %[ptr]  \n\t"  // Try to store the new value.
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"  // Retry if it did not work.
    "1:                                    \n\t"
    // If the compare failed the we still need a 'clrex'.
    "clrex                                 \n\t"
    : [prev]"=&r" (prev),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [old_value]"r" (old_value),
      [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory", "cc"
  );  // NOLINT

  return prev;
}

inline void NoBarrier_Store(volatile Atomic32* ptr, Atomic32 value) {
  *ptr = value;
}

inline void Acquire_Store(volatile Atomic32* ptr, Atomic32 value) {
  *ptr = value;
  MemoryBarrier();
}

inline void Release_Store(volatile Atomic32* ptr, Atomic32 value) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  *ptr = value;
}

inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_Load(volatile const Atomic32* ptr) {
  return *ptr;
}

inline Atomic32 Acquire_Load(volatile const Atomic32* ptr) {
  Atomic32 value = *ptr;
  MemoryBarrier();
  return value;
}

inline Atomic32 Release_Load(volatile const Atomic32* ptr) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  return *ptr;
}

// 64-bit versions of the operations.
// See the 32-bit versions for comments.

inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                         Atomic64 old_value,
                                         Atomic64 new_value) {
  Atomic64 prev;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %[prev], %[ptr]                  \n\t"
    "cmp %[prev], %[old_value]             \n\t"
    "bne 1f                                \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %[new_value], %[ptr]   \n\t"
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"
    "1:                                    \n\t"
    "clrex                                 \n\t"
    : [prev]"=&r" (prev),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [old_value]"r" (old_value),
      [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory", "cc"
  );  // NOLINT

  return prev;
}

inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_AtomicExchange(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                         Atomic64 new_value) {
  Atomic64 result;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %[result], %[ptr]                \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %[new_value], %[ptr]   \n\t"
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"
    : [result]"=&r" (result),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory"
  );  // NOLINT

  return result;
}

inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                          Atomic64 increment) {
  Atomic64 result;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                     \n\t"
    "ldxr %[result], %[ptr]                 \n\t"
    "add %[result], %[result], %[increment] \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %[result], %[ptr]       \n\t"
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                      \n\t"
    : [result]"=&r" (result),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [increment]"r" (increment)
    : "memory"
  );  // NOLINT

  return result;
}

inline Atomic64 Barrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                        Atomic64 increment) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  Atomic64 result = NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(ptr, increment);
  MemoryBarrier();

  return result;
}

inline Atomic64 Acquire_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                       Atomic64 old_value,
                                       Atomic64 new_value) {
  Atomic64 prev;
  int32_t temp;

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %[prev], %[ptr]                  \n\t"
    "cmp %[prev], %[old_value]             \n\t"
    "bne 1f                                \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %[new_value], %[ptr]   \n\t"
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"
    "dmb ish                               \n\t"
    "1:                                    \n\t"
    "clrex                                 \n\t"
    : [prev]"=&r" (prev),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [old_value]"r" (old_value),
      [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory", "cc"
  );  // NOLINT

  return prev;
}

inline Atomic64 Release_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                       Atomic64 old_value,
                                       Atomic64 new_value) {
  Atomic64 prev;
  int32_t temp;

  MemoryBarrier();

  __asm__ __volatile__ (  // NOLINT
    "0:                                    \n\t"
    "ldxr %[prev], %[ptr]                  \n\t"
    "cmp %[prev], %[old_value]             \n\t"
    "bne 1f                                \n\t"
    "stxr %w[temp], %[new_value], %[ptr]   \n\t"
    "cbnz %w[temp], 0b                     \n\t"
    "1:                                    \n\t"
    "clrex                                 \n\t"
    : [prev]"=&r" (prev),
      [temp]"=&r" (temp),
      [ptr]"+Q" (*ptr)
    : [old_value]"r" (old_value),
      [new_value]"r" (new_value)
    : "memory", "cc"
  );  // NOLINT

  return prev;
}

inline void NoBarrier_Store(volatile Atomic64* ptr, Atomic64 value) {
  *ptr = value;
}

inline void Acquire_Store(volatile Atomic64* ptr, Atomic64 value) {
  *ptr = value;
  MemoryBarrier();
}

inline void Release_Store(volatile Atomic64* ptr, Atomic64 value) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  *ptr = value;
}

inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_Load(volatile const Atomic64* ptr) {
  return *ptr;
}

inline Atomic64 Acquire_Load(volatile const Atomic64* ptr) {
  Atomic64 value = *ptr;
  MemoryBarrier();
  return value;
}

inline Atomic64 Release_Load(volatile const Atomic64* ptr) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  return *ptr;
}

}  // namespace base::subtle
}  // namespace base

#endif  // BASE_ATOMICOPS_INTERNALS_ARM64_GCC_H_