File: atomicops_internals_mips_gcc.h

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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
//       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
//       copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
//       disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
//       with the distribution.
//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
//       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
//       from this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

// This file is an internal atomic implementation, use base/atomicops.h instead.
//
// LinuxKernelCmpxchg and Barrier_AtomicIncrement are from Google Gears.

#ifndef GOOGLE_PROTOBUF_ATOMICOPS_INTERNALS_MIPS_GCC_H_
#define GOOGLE_PROTOBUF_ATOMICOPS_INTERNALS_MIPS_GCC_H_

namespace base {
namespace subtle {

// Atomically execute:
//      result = *ptr;
//      if (*ptr == old_value)
//        *ptr = new_value;
//      return result;
//
// I.e., replace "*ptr" with "new_value" if "*ptr" used to be "old_value".
// Always return the old value of "*ptr"
//
// This routine implies no memory barriers.
inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                         Atomic32 old_value,
                                         Atomic32 new_value) {
  Atomic32 prev, tmp;
  __asm__ __volatile__(".set push\n"
                       ".set noreorder\n"
                       "1:\n"
                       "ll %0, %5\n"  // prev = *ptr
                       "bne %0, %3, 2f\n"  // if (prev != old_value) goto 2
                       "move %2, %4\n"  // tmp = new_value
                       "sc %2, %1\n"  // *ptr = tmp (with atomic check)
                       "beqz %2, 1b\n"  // start again on atomic error
                       "nop\n"  // delay slot nop
                       "2:\n"
                       ".set pop\n"
                       : "=&r" (prev), "=m" (*ptr), "=&r" (tmp)
                       : "r" (old_value), "r" (new_value), "m" (*ptr)
                       : "memory");
  return prev;
}

// Atomically store new_value into *ptr, returning the previous value held in
// *ptr.  This routine implies no memory barriers.
inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_AtomicExchange(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                         Atomic32 new_value) {
  Atomic32 temp, old;
  __asm__ __volatile__(".set push\n"
                       ".set noreorder\n"
                       "1:\n"
                       "ll %1, %4\n"  // old = *ptr
                       "move %0, %3\n"  // temp = new_value
                       "sc %0, %2\n"  // *ptr = temp (with atomic check)
                       "beqz %0, 1b\n"  // start again on atomic error
                       "nop\n"  // delay slot nop
                       ".set pop\n"
                       : "=&r" (temp), "=&r" (old), "=m" (*ptr)
                       : "r" (new_value), "m" (*ptr)
                       : "memory");

  return old;
}

// Atomically increment *ptr by "increment".  Returns the new value of
// *ptr with the increment applied.  This routine implies no memory barriers.
inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                          Atomic32 increment) {
  Atomic32 temp, temp2;

  __asm__ __volatile__(".set push\n"
                       ".set noreorder\n"
                       "1:\n"
                       "ll %0, %4\n"  // temp = *ptr
                       "addu %1, %0, %3\n"  // temp2 = temp + increment
                       "sc %1, %2\n"  // *ptr = temp2 (with atomic check)
                       "beqz %1, 1b\n"  // start again on atomic error
                       "addu %1, %0, %3\n"  // temp2 = temp + increment
                       ".set pop\n"
                       : "=&r" (temp), "=&r" (temp2), "=m" (*ptr)
                       : "Ir" (increment), "m" (*ptr)
                       : "memory");
  // temp2 now holds the final value.
  return temp2;
}

inline Atomic32 Barrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                        Atomic32 increment) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  Atomic32 res = NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(ptr, increment);
  MemoryBarrier();
  return res;
}

// "Acquire" operations
// ensure that no later memory access can be reordered ahead of the operation.
// "Release" operations ensure that no previous memory access can be reordered
// after the operation.  "Barrier" operations have both "Acquire" and "Release"
// semantics.   A MemoryBarrier() has "Barrier" semantics, but does no memory
// access.
inline Atomic32 Acquire_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                       Atomic32 old_value,
                                       Atomic32 new_value) {
  Atomic32 res = NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(ptr, old_value, new_value);
  MemoryBarrier();
  return res;
}

inline Atomic32 Release_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic32* ptr,
                                       Atomic32 old_value,
                                       Atomic32 new_value) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  return NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(ptr, old_value, new_value);
}

inline void NoBarrier_Store(volatile Atomic32* ptr, Atomic32 value) {
  *ptr = value;
}

inline void MemoryBarrier() {
  __asm__ __volatile__("sync" : : : "memory");
}

inline void Acquire_Store(volatile Atomic32* ptr, Atomic32 value) {
  *ptr = value;
  MemoryBarrier();
}

inline void Release_Store(volatile Atomic32* ptr, Atomic32 value) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  *ptr = value;
}

inline Atomic32 NoBarrier_Load(volatile const Atomic32* ptr) {
  return *ptr;
}

inline Atomic32 Acquire_Load(volatile const Atomic32* ptr) {
  Atomic32 value = *ptr;
  MemoryBarrier();
  return value;
}

inline Atomic32 Release_Load(volatile const Atomic32* ptr) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  return *ptr;
}

#if defined(__LP64__)
// 64-bit versions of the atomic ops.

inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                         Atomic64 old_value,
                                         Atomic64 new_value) {
  Atomic64 prev, tmp;
  __asm__ __volatile__(".set push\n"
                       ".set noreorder\n"
                       "1:\n"
                       "lld %0, %5\n"  // prev = *ptr
                       "bne %0, %3, 2f\n"  // if (prev != old_value) goto 2
                       "move %2, %4\n"  // tmp = new_value
                       "scd %2, %1\n"  // *ptr = tmp (with atomic check)
                       "beqz %2, 1b\n"  // start again on atomic error
                       "nop\n"  // delay slot nop
                       "2:\n"
                       ".set pop\n"
                       : "=&r" (prev), "=m" (*ptr), "=&r" (tmp)
                       : "r" (old_value), "r" (new_value), "m" (*ptr)
                       : "memory");
  return prev;
}

// Atomically store new_value into *ptr, returning the previous value held in
// *ptr.  This routine implies no memory barriers.
inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_AtomicExchange(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                         Atomic64 new_value) {
  Atomic64 temp, old;
  __asm__ __volatile__(".set push\n"
                       ".set noreorder\n"
                       "1:\n"
                       "lld %1, %4\n"  // old = *ptr
                       "move %0, %3\n"  // temp = new_value
                       "scd %0, %2\n"  // *ptr = temp (with atomic check)
                       "beqz %0, 1b\n"  // start again on atomic error
                       "nop\n"  // delay slot nop
                       ".set pop\n"
                       : "=&r" (temp), "=&r" (old), "=m" (*ptr)
                       : "r" (new_value), "m" (*ptr)
                       : "memory");

  return old;
}

// Atomically increment *ptr by "increment".  Returns the new value of
// *ptr with the increment applied.  This routine implies no memory barriers.
inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                          Atomic64 increment) {
  Atomic64 temp, temp2;

  __asm__ __volatile__(".set push\n"
                       ".set noreorder\n"
                       "1:\n"
                       "lld %0, %4\n"  // temp = *ptr
                       "daddu %1, %0, %3\n"  // temp2 = temp + increment
                       "scd %1, %2\n"  // *ptr = temp2 (with atomic check)
                       "beqz %1, 1b\n"  // start again on atomic error
                       "daddu %1, %0, %3\n"  // temp2 = temp + increment
                       ".set pop\n"
                       : "=&r" (temp), "=&r" (temp2), "=m" (*ptr)
                       : "Ir" (increment), "m" (*ptr)
                       : "memory");
  // temp2 now holds the final value.
  return temp2;
}

inline Atomic64 Barrier_AtomicIncrement(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                        Atomic64 increment) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  Atomic64 res = NoBarrier_AtomicIncrement(ptr, increment);
  MemoryBarrier();
  return res;
}

// "Acquire" operations
// ensure that no later memory access can be reordered ahead of the operation.
// "Release" operations ensure that no previous memory access can be reordered
// after the operation.  "Barrier" operations have both "Acquire" and "Release"
// semantics.   A MemoryBarrier() has "Barrier" semantics, but does no memory
// access.
inline Atomic64 Acquire_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                       Atomic64 old_value,
                                       Atomic64 new_value) {
  Atomic64 res = NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(ptr, old_value, new_value);
  MemoryBarrier();
  return res;
}

inline Atomic64 Release_CompareAndSwap(volatile Atomic64* ptr,
                                       Atomic64 old_value,
                                       Atomic64 new_value) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  return NoBarrier_CompareAndSwap(ptr, old_value, new_value);
}

inline void NoBarrier_Store(volatile Atomic64* ptr, Atomic64 value) {
  *ptr = value;
}

inline void Acquire_Store(volatile Atomic64* ptr, Atomic64 value) {
  *ptr = value;
  MemoryBarrier();
}

inline void Release_Store(volatile Atomic64* ptr, Atomic64 value) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  *ptr = value;
}

inline Atomic64 NoBarrier_Load(volatile const Atomic64* ptr) {
  return *ptr;
}

inline Atomic64 Acquire_Load(volatile const Atomic64* ptr) {
  Atomic64 value = *ptr;
  MemoryBarrier();
  return value;
}

inline Atomic64 Release_Load(volatile const Atomic64* ptr) {
  MemoryBarrier();
  return *ptr;
}
#endif

} // namespace base::subtle
} // namespace base

#endif  // GOOGLE_PROTOBUF_ATOMICOPS_INTERNALS_MIPS_GCC_H_