File: mock-log.h

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// Copyright (c) 2007, Google Inc.
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
// met:
//
//     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
// notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
// copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
// in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
// distribution.
//     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
// contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
// this software without specific prior written permission.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
// "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
// A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
// OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
// SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
// LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
// DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
// THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
// OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
// Author: Zhanyong Wan
//
// Defines the ScopedMockLog class (using Google C++ Mocking
// Framework), which is convenient for testing code that uses LOG().

#ifndef GLOG_SRC_MOCK_LOG_H_
#define GLOG_SRC_MOCK_LOG_H_

// For GOOGLE_NAMESPACE. This must go first so we get _XOPEN_SOURCE.
#include "utilities.h"

#include <string>

#include <gmock/gmock.h>

#include "glog/logging.h"

_START_GOOGLE_NAMESPACE_
namespace glog_testing {

// A ScopedMockLog object intercepts LOG() messages issued during its
// lifespan.  Using this together with Google C++ Mocking Framework,
// it's very easy to test how a piece of code calls LOG().  The
// typical usage:
//
//   TEST(FooTest, LogsCorrectly) {
//     ScopedMockLog log;
//
//     // We expect the WARNING "Something bad!" exactly twice.
//     EXPECT_CALL(log, Log(WARNING, _, "Something bad!"))
//         .Times(2);
//
//     // We allow foo.cc to call LOG(INFO) any number of times.
//     EXPECT_CALL(log, Log(INFO, HasSubstr("/foo.cc"), _))
//         .Times(AnyNumber());
//
//     Foo();  // Exercises the code under test.
//   }
class ScopedMockLog : public GOOGLE_NAMESPACE::LogSink {
 public:
  // When a ScopedMockLog object is constructed, it starts to
  // intercept logs.
  ScopedMockLog() { AddLogSink(this); }

  // When the object is destructed, it stops intercepting logs.
  virtual ~ScopedMockLog() { RemoveLogSink(this); }

  // Implements the mock method:
  //
  //   void Log(LogSeverity severity, const string& file_path,
  //            const string& message);
  //
  // The second argument to Send() is the full path of the source file
  // in which the LOG() was issued.
  //
  // Note, that in a multi-threaded environment, all LOG() messages from a
  // single thread will be handled in sequence, but that cannot be guaranteed
  // for messages from different threads. In fact, if the same or multiple
  // expectations are matched on two threads concurrently, their actions will
  // be executed concurrently as well and may interleave.
  MOCK_METHOD3(Log, void(GOOGLE_NAMESPACE::LogSeverity severity,
                         const std::string& file_path,
                         const std::string& message));

 private:
  // Implements the send() virtual function in class LogSink.
  // Whenever a LOG() statement is executed, this function will be
  // invoked with information presented in the LOG().
  //
  // The method argument list is long and carries much information a
  // test usually doesn't care about, so we trim the list before
  // forwarding the call to Log(), which is much easier to use in
  // tests.
  //
  // We still cannot call Log() directly, as it may invoke other LOG()
  // messages, either due to Invoke, or due to an error logged in
  // Google C++ Mocking Framework code, which would trigger a deadlock
  // since a lock is held during send().
  //
  // Hence, we save the message for WaitTillSent() which will be called after
  // the lock on send() is released, and we'll call Log() inside
  // WaitTillSent(). Since while a single send() call may be running at a
  // time, multiple WaitTillSent() calls (along with the one send() call) may
  // be running simultaneously, we ensure thread-safety of the exchange between
  // send() and WaitTillSent(), and that for each message, LOG(), send(),
  // WaitTillSent() and Log() are executed in the same thread.
  virtual void send(GOOGLE_NAMESPACE::LogSeverity severity,
                    const char* full_filename,
                    const char* base_filename, int line, const tm* tm_time,
                    const char* message, size_t message_len) {
    // We are only interested in the log severity, full file name, and
    // log message.
    message_info_.severity = severity;
    message_info_.file_path = full_filename;
    message_info_.message = std::string(message, message_len);
  }

  // Implements the WaitTillSent() virtual function in class LogSink.
  // It will be executed after send() and after the global logging lock is
  // released, so calls within it (or rather within the Log() method called
  // within) may also issue LOG() statements.
  //
  // LOG(), send(), WaitTillSent() and Log() will occur in the same thread for
  // a given log message.
  virtual void WaitTillSent() {
    // First, and very importantly, we save a copy of the message being
    // processed before calling Log(), since Log() may indirectly call send()
    // and WaitTillSent() in the same thread again.
    MessageInfo message_info = message_info_;
    Log(message_info.severity, message_info.file_path, message_info.message);
  }

  // All relevant information about a logged message that needs to be passed
  // from send() to WaitTillSent().
  struct MessageInfo {
    GOOGLE_NAMESPACE::LogSeverity severity;
    std::string file_path;
    std::string message;
  };
  MessageInfo message_info_;
};

}  // namespace glog_testing
_END_GOOGLE_NAMESPACE_

#endif  // GLOG_SRC_MOCK_LOG_H_