File: fcntl.c

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/* Provide file descriptor control.

   Copyright (C) 2009-2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Written by Eric Blake <ebb9@byu.net>.  */

#include <config.h>

/* Specification.  */
#include <fcntl.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#ifdef __KLIBC__
# define INCL_DOS
# include <os2.h>
#endif

#if defined _WIN32 && ! defined __CYGWIN__
/* Get declarations of the native Windows API functions.  */
# define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
# include <windows.h>

/* Get _get_osfhandle.  */
# if GNULIB_MSVC_NOTHROW
#  include "msvc-nothrow.h"
# else
#  include <io.h>
# endif

/* Upper bound on getdtablesize().  See lib/getdtablesize.c.  */
# define OPEN_MAX_MAX 0x10000

/* Duplicate OLDFD into the first available slot of at least NEWFD,
   which must be positive, with FLAGS determining whether the duplicate
   will be inheritable.  */
static int
dupfd (int oldfd, int newfd, int flags)
{
  /* Mingw has no way to create an arbitrary fd.  Iterate until all
     file descriptors less than newfd are filled up.  */
  HANDLE curr_process = GetCurrentProcess ();
  HANDLE old_handle = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle (oldfd);
  unsigned char fds_to_close[OPEN_MAX_MAX / CHAR_BIT];
  unsigned int fds_to_close_bound = 0;
  int result;
  BOOL inherit = flags & O_CLOEXEC ? FALSE : TRUE;
  int mode;

  if (newfd < 0 || getdtablesize () <= newfd)
    {
      errno = EINVAL;
      return -1;
    }
  if (old_handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE
      || (mode = setmode (oldfd, O_BINARY)) == -1)
    {
      /* oldfd is not open, or is an unassigned standard file
         descriptor.  */
      errno = EBADF;
      return -1;
    }
  setmode (oldfd, mode);
  flags |= mode;

  for (;;)
    {
      HANDLE new_handle;
      int duplicated_fd;
      unsigned int index;

      if (!DuplicateHandle (curr_process,           /* SourceProcessHandle */
                            old_handle,             /* SourceHandle */
                            curr_process,           /* TargetProcessHandle */
                            (PHANDLE) &new_handle,  /* TargetHandle */
                            (DWORD) 0,              /* DesiredAccess */
                            inherit,                /* InheritHandle */
                            DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS)) /* Options */
        {
          switch (GetLastError ())
            {
              case ERROR_TOO_MANY_OPEN_FILES:
                errno = EMFILE;
                break;
              case ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE:
              case ERROR_INVALID_TARGET_HANDLE:
              case ERROR_DIRECT_ACCESS_HANDLE:
                errno = EBADF;
                break;
              case ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER:
              case ERROR_INVALID_FUNCTION:
              case ERROR_INVALID_ACCESS:
                errno = EINVAL;
                break;
              default:
                errno = EACCES;
                break;
            }
          result = -1;
          break;
        }
      duplicated_fd = _open_osfhandle ((intptr_t) new_handle, flags);
      if (duplicated_fd < 0)
        {
          CloseHandle (new_handle);
          result = -1;
          break;
        }
      if (newfd <= duplicated_fd)
        {
          result = duplicated_fd;
          break;
        }

      /* Set the bit duplicated_fd in fds_to_close[].  */
      index = (unsigned int) duplicated_fd / CHAR_BIT;
      if (fds_to_close_bound <= index)
        {
          if (sizeof fds_to_close <= index)
            /* Need to increase OPEN_MAX_MAX.  */
            abort ();
          memset (fds_to_close + fds_to_close_bound, '\0',
                  index + 1 - fds_to_close_bound);
          fds_to_close_bound = index + 1;
        }
      fds_to_close[index] |= 1 << ((unsigned int) duplicated_fd % CHAR_BIT);
    }

  /* Close the previous fds that turned out to be too small.  */
  {
    int saved_errno = errno;
    unsigned int duplicated_fd;

    for (duplicated_fd = 0;
         duplicated_fd < fds_to_close_bound * CHAR_BIT;
         duplicated_fd++)
      if ((fds_to_close[duplicated_fd / CHAR_BIT]
           >> (duplicated_fd % CHAR_BIT))
          & 1)
        close (duplicated_fd);

    errno = saved_errno;
  }

# if REPLACE_FCHDIR
  if (0 <= result)
    result = _gl_register_dup (oldfd, result);
# endif
  return result;
}
#endif /* W32 */

/* Forward declarations, because we '#undef fcntl' in the middle of this
   compilation unit.  */
/* Our implementation of fcntl (fd, F_DUPFD, target).  */
static int rpl_fcntl_DUPFD (int fd, int target);
/* Our implementation of fcntl (fd, F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC, target).  */
static int rpl_fcntl_DUPFD_CLOEXEC (int fd, int target);
#ifdef __KLIBC__
/* Adds support for fcntl on directories.  */
static int klibc_fcntl (int fd, int action, /* arg */...);
#endif


/* Perform the specified ACTION on the file descriptor FD, possibly
   using the argument ARG further described below.  This replacement
   handles the following actions, and forwards all others on to the
   native fcntl.  An unrecognized ACTION returns -1 with errno set to
   EINVAL.

   F_DUPFD - duplicate FD, with int ARG being the minimum target fd.
   If successful, return the duplicate, which will be inheritable;
   otherwise return -1 and set errno.

   F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC - duplicate FD, with int ARG being the minimum
   target fd.  If successful, return the duplicate, which will not be
   inheritable; otherwise return -1 and set errno.

   F_GETFD - ARG need not be present.  If successful, return a
   non-negative value containing the descriptor flags of FD (only
   FD_CLOEXEC is portable, but other flags may be present); otherwise
   return -1 and set errno.  */

int
fcntl (int fd, int action, /* arg */...)
#undef fcntl
#ifdef __KLIBC__
# define fcntl klibc_fcntl
#endif
{
  va_list arg;
  int result = -1;
  va_start (arg, action);
  switch (action)
    {
    case F_DUPFD:
      {
        int target = va_arg (arg, int);
        result = rpl_fcntl_DUPFD (fd, target);
        break;
      }

    case F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC:
      {
        int target = va_arg (arg, int);
        result = rpl_fcntl_DUPFD_CLOEXEC (fd, target);
        break;
      }

#if !HAVE_FCNTL
    case F_GETFD:
      {
# if defined _WIN32 && ! defined __CYGWIN__
        HANDLE handle = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle (fd);
        DWORD flags;
        if (handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE
            || GetHandleInformation (handle, &flags) == 0)
          errno = EBADF;
        else
          result = (flags & HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT) ? 0 : FD_CLOEXEC;
# else /* !W32 */
        /* Use dup2 to reject invalid file descriptors.  No way to
           access this information, so punt.  */
        if (0 <= dup2 (fd, fd))
          result = 0;
# endif /* !W32 */
        break;
      } /* F_GETFD */
#endif /* !HAVE_FCNTL */

      /* Implementing F_SETFD on mingw is not trivial - there is no
         API for changing the O_NOINHERIT bit on an fd, and merely
         changing the HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT bit on the underlying handle
         can lead to odd state.  It may be possible by duplicating the
         handle, using _open_osfhandle with the right flags, then
         using dup2 to move the duplicate onto the original, but that
         is not supported for now.  */

    default:
      {
#if HAVE_FCNTL
        switch (action)
          {
          #ifdef F_BARRIERFSYNC                  /* macOS */
          case F_BARRIERFSYNC:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_CHKCLEAN                      /* macOS */
          case F_CHKCLEAN:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_CLOSEM                        /* NetBSD, HP-UX */
          case F_CLOSEM:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_FLUSH_DATA                    /* macOS */
          case F_FLUSH_DATA:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_FREEZE_FS                     /* macOS */
          case F_FREEZE_FS:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_FULLFSYNC                     /* macOS */
          case F_FULLFSYNC:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETCONFINED                   /* macOS */
          case F_GETCONFINED:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETDEFAULTPROTLEVEL           /* macOS */
          case F_GETDEFAULTPROTLEVEL:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETFD                         /* POSIX */
          case F_GETFD:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETFL                         /* POSIX */
          case F_GETFL:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETLEASE                      /* Linux */
          case F_GETLEASE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETNOSIGPIPE                  /* macOS */
          case F_GETNOSIGPIPE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETOWN                        /* POSIX */
          case F_GETOWN:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETPIPE_SZ                    /* Linux */
          case F_GETPIPE_SZ:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETPROTECTIONCLASS            /* macOS */
          case F_GETPROTECTIONCLASS:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETPROTECTIONLEVEL            /* macOS */
          case F_GETPROTECTIONLEVEL:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GET_SEALS                     /* Linux */
          case F_GET_SEALS:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETSIG                        /* Linux */
          case F_GETSIG:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_MAXFD                         /* NetBSD */
          case F_MAXFD:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_RECYCLE                       /* macOS */
          case F_RECYCLE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETFIFOENH                    /* HP-UX */
          case F_SETFIFOENH:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_THAW_FS                       /* macOS */
          case F_THAW_FS:
          #endif
            /* These actions take no argument.  */
            result = fcntl (fd, action);
            break;

          #ifdef F_ADD_SEALS                     /* Linux */
          case F_ADD_SEALS:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_BADFD                         /* Solaris */
          case F_BADFD:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_CHECK_OPENEVT                 /* macOS */
          case F_CHECK_OPENEVT:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_DUP2FD                        /* FreeBSD, AIX, Solaris */
          case F_DUP2FD:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_DUP2FD_CLOEXEC                /* FreeBSD, Solaris */
          case F_DUP2FD_CLOEXEC:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_DUP2FD_CLOFORK                /* Solaris */
          case F_DUP2FD_CLOFORK:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_DUPFD                         /* POSIX */
          case F_DUPFD:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC                 /* POSIX */
          case F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_DUPFD_CLOFORK                 /* Solaris */
          case F_DUPFD_CLOFORK:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GETXFL                        /* Solaris */
          case F_GETXFL:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_GLOBAL_NOCACHE                /* macOS */
          case F_GLOBAL_NOCACHE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_MAKECOMPRESSED                /* macOS */
          case F_MAKECOMPRESSED:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_MOVEDATAEXTENTS               /* macOS */
          case F_MOVEDATAEXTENTS:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_NOCACHE                       /* macOS */
          case F_NOCACHE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_NODIRECT                      /* macOS */
          case F_NODIRECT:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_NOTIFY                        /* Linux */
          case F_NOTIFY:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_OPLKACK                       /* IRIX */
          case F_OPLKACK:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_OPLKREG                       /* IRIX */
          case F_OPLKREG:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_RDAHEAD                       /* macOS */
          case F_RDAHEAD:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETBACKINGSTORE               /* macOS */
          case F_SETBACKINGSTORE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETCONFINED                   /* macOS */
          case F_SETCONFINED:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETFD                         /* POSIX */
          case F_SETFD:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETFL                         /* POSIX */
          case F_SETFL:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETLEASE                      /* Linux */
          case F_SETLEASE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETNOSIGPIPE                  /* macOS */
          case F_SETNOSIGPIPE:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETOWN                        /* POSIX */
          case F_SETOWN:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETPIPE_SZ                    /* Linux */
          case F_SETPIPE_SZ:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETPROTECTIONCLASS            /* macOS */
          case F_SETPROTECTIONCLASS:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SETSIG                        /* Linux */
          case F_SETSIG:
          #endif
          #ifdef F_SINGLE_WRITER                 /* macOS */
          case F_SINGLE_WRITER:
          #endif
            /* These actions take an 'int' argument.  */
            {
              int x = va_arg (arg, int);
              result = fcntl (fd, action, x);
            }
            break;

          default:
            /* Other actions take a pointer argument.  */
            {
              void *p = va_arg (arg, void *);
              result = fcntl (fd, action, p);
            }
            break;
          }
#else
        errno = EINVAL;
#endif
        break;
      }
    }
  va_end (arg);
  return result;
}

static int
rpl_fcntl_DUPFD (int fd, int target)
{
  int result;
#if !HAVE_FCNTL
  result = dupfd (fd, target, 0);
#elif FCNTL_DUPFD_BUGGY || REPLACE_FCHDIR
  /* Detect invalid target; needed for cygwin 1.5.x.  */
  if (target < 0 || getdtablesize () <= target)
    {
      result = -1;
      errno = EINVAL;
    }
  else
    {
      /* Haiku alpha 2 loses fd flags on original.  */
      int flags = fcntl (fd, F_GETFD);
      if (flags < 0)
        result = -1;
      else
        {
          result = fcntl (fd, F_DUPFD, target);
          if (0 <= result && fcntl (fd, F_SETFD, flags) == -1)
            {
              int saved_errno = errno;
              close (result);
              result = -1;
              errno = saved_errno;
            }
# if REPLACE_FCHDIR
          if (0 <= result)
            result = _gl_register_dup (fd, result);
# endif
        }
    }
#else
  result = fcntl (fd, F_DUPFD, target);
#endif
  return result;
}

static int
rpl_fcntl_DUPFD_CLOEXEC (int fd, int target)
{
  int result;
#if !HAVE_FCNTL
  result = dupfd (fd, target, O_CLOEXEC);
#else /* HAVE_FCNTL */
# if defined __HAIKU__
  /* On Haiku, the system fcntl (fd, F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC, target) sets
     the FD_CLOEXEC flag on fd, not on target.  Therefore avoid the
     system fcntl in this case.  */
#  define have_dupfd_cloexec -1
# else
  /* Try the system call first, if the headers claim it exists
     (that is, if GNULIB_defined_F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC is 0), since we
     may be running with a glibc that has the macro but with an
     older kernel that does not support it.  Cache the
     information on whether the system call really works, but
     avoid caching failure if the corresponding F_DUPFD fails
     for any reason.  0 = unknown, 1 = yes, -1 = no.  */
  static int have_dupfd_cloexec = GNULIB_defined_F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC ? -1 : 0;
  if (0 <= have_dupfd_cloexec)
    {
      result = fcntl (fd, F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC, target);
      if (0 <= result || errno != EINVAL)
        {
          have_dupfd_cloexec = 1;
#  if REPLACE_FCHDIR
          if (0 <= result)
            result = _gl_register_dup (fd, result);
#  endif
        }
      else
        {
          result = rpl_fcntl_DUPFD (fd, target);
          if (result >= 0)
            have_dupfd_cloexec = -1;
        }
    }
  else
# endif
    result = rpl_fcntl_DUPFD (fd, target);
  if (0 <= result && have_dupfd_cloexec == -1)
    {
      int flags = fcntl (result, F_GETFD);
      if (flags < 0 || fcntl (result, F_SETFD, flags | FD_CLOEXEC) == -1)
        {
          int saved_errno = errno;
          close (result);
          errno = saved_errno;
          result = -1;
        }
    }
#endif /* HAVE_FCNTL */
  return result;
}

#undef fcntl

#ifdef __KLIBC__

static int
klibc_fcntl (int fd, int action, /* arg */...)
{
  va_list arg_ptr;
  int arg;
  struct stat sbuf;
  int result;

  va_start (arg_ptr, action);
  arg = va_arg (arg_ptr, int);
  result = fcntl (fd, action, arg);
  /* EPERM for F_DUPFD, ENOTSUP for others */
  if (result == -1 && (errno == EPERM || errno == ENOTSUP)
      && !fstat (fd, &sbuf) && S_ISDIR (sbuf.st_mode))
    {
      ULONG ulMode;

      switch (action)
        {
        case F_DUPFD:
          /* Find available fd */
          while (fcntl (arg, F_GETFL) != -1 || errno != EBADF)
            arg++;

          result = dup2 (fd, arg);
          break;

        /* Using underlying APIs is right ? */
        case F_GETFD:
          if (DosQueryFHState (fd, &ulMode))
            break;

          result = (ulMode & OPEN_FLAGS_NOINHERIT) ? FD_CLOEXEC : 0;
          break;

        case F_SETFD:
          if (arg & ~FD_CLOEXEC)
            break;

          if (DosQueryFHState (fd, &ulMode))
            break;

          if (arg & FD_CLOEXEC)
            ulMode |= OPEN_FLAGS_NOINHERIT;
          else
            ulMode &= ~OPEN_FLAGS_NOINHERIT;

          /* Filter supported flags.  */
          ulMode &= (OPEN_FLAGS_WRITE_THROUGH | OPEN_FLAGS_FAIL_ON_ERROR
                     | OPEN_FLAGS_NO_CACHE | OPEN_FLAGS_NOINHERIT);

          if (DosSetFHState (fd, ulMode))
            break;

          result = 0;
          break;

        case F_GETFL:
          result = 0;
          break;

        case F_SETFL:
          if (arg != 0)
            break;

          result = 0;
          break;

        default:
          errno = EINVAL;
          break;
        }
    }

  va_end (arg_ptr);

  return result;
}

#endif