File: ls.c

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/*
  Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008,
  2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

  This file is part of GNU Inetutils.

  GNU Inetutils is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
  your option) any later version.

  GNU Inetutils is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
  General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  along with this program.  If not, see `http://www.gnu.org/licenses/'. */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1989, 1993, 1994
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/* This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
   Michael Fischbein.  */

#include <config.h>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include "fts.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <termios.h>

#include <intprops.h>
#include <inttostr.h>
#include "ls.h"
#include "extern.h"

static void display (FTSENT *, FTSENT *);
static int mastercmp (const FTSENT **, const FTSENT **);
static void traverse (int, char **, int);

static void (*printfcn) (DISPLAY *);
static int (*sortfcn) (const FTSENT *, const FTSENT *);

#define BY_NAME 0
#define BY_SIZE 1
#define BY_TIME	2

long blocksize;			/* block size units */
int termwidth = 80;		/* default terminal width */
int sortkey = BY_NAME;

static int output;		/* If anything was output. */

/* flags */
int f_accesstime;		/* use time of last access */
int f_column;			/* columnated format */
int f_columnacross;		/* columnated format, sorted across */
int f_flags;			/* show flags associated with a file */
int f_inode;			/* print inode */
int f_listdir;			/* list actual directory, not contents */
int f_listdot;			/* list files beginning with . */
int f_longform;			/* long listing format */
int f_newline;			/* if precede with newline */
int f_nonprint;			/* show unprintables as ? */
int f_nosort;			/* don't sort output */
int f_numericonly;		/* don't expand uid to symbolic name */
int f_recursive;		/* ls subdirectories also */
int f_reversesort;		/* reverse whatever sort is used */
int f_sectime;			/* print the real time for all files */
int f_singlecol;		/* use single column output */
int f_size;			/* list size in short listing */
int f_statustime;		/* use time of last mode change */
int f_stream;			/* stream format */
int f_dirname;			/* if precede with directory name */
int f_type;			/* add type character for non-regular files */
int f_typedir;			/* add type character for directories */
int f_whiteout;			/* show whiteout entries */

int rval;

int
ls_main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  static char dot[] = ".", *dotav[] = { dot, NULL };
  struct winsize win;
  int ch, fts_options;
  int kflag = 0;
  char *p;

  /*
   * Clear all settings made in any previous call.
   */
  output = 0;

  f_accesstime = f_column = f_columnacross = f_flags = f_inode = 0;
  f_listdir = f_listdot = f_longform = f_newline = 0;
  f_nonprint = f_nosort = f_numericonly = 0;
  f_recursive = f_reversesort = f_sectime = f_singlecol = 0;
  f_size = f_statustime = f_stream = f_dirname = 0;
  f_type = f_typedir = f_whiteout = 0;

  /* Terminal defaults to -Cq, non-terminal defaults to -1. */
  if (isatty (STDOUT_FILENO))
    {
      p = getenv ("COLUMNS");
      if (p != NULL)
	termwidth = atoi (p);
      else if (ioctl (STDOUT_FILENO, TIOCGWINSZ, &win) == 0 && win.ws_col > 0)
	termwidth = win.ws_col;
      f_column = f_nonprint = 1;
    }
  else
    f_singlecol = 1;

  /* Root is -A automatically. */
  if (!getuid ())
    f_listdot = 1;

  optind = 1;	/* Reset for reentrant scanning.  */

  fts_options = FTS_PHYSICAL;
  while ((ch = getopt (argc, argv, "1ACFLRSTWacdfgiklmnopqrstux")) != -1)
    {
      switch (ch)
	{
	  /*
	   * The options -1, -C, -l, -m, -n and -x all overrule each
	   * other so shell aliasing works right.
	   */
	case '1':
	  f_singlecol = 1;
	  f_column = f_columnacross = f_longform = f_stream = 0;
	  break;
	case 'C':
	  f_column = 1;
	  f_longform = f_columnacross = f_singlecol = f_stream = 0;
	  break;
	case 'l':
	  f_longform = 1;
	  f_numericonly = 0;
	  f_column = f_columnacross = f_singlecol = f_stream = 0;
	  break;
	case 'm':
	  f_stream = 1;
	  f_column = f_columnacross = f_longform = f_singlecol = 0;
	  break;
	case 'x':
	  f_columnacross = 1;
	  f_column = f_longform = f_singlecol = f_stream = 0;
	  break;
	case 'n':
	  f_longform = 1;
	  f_numericonly = 1;
	  f_column = f_columnacross = f_singlecol = f_stream = 0;
	  break;
	  /* The -c and -u options override each other. */
	case 'c':
	  f_statustime = 1;
	  f_accesstime = 0;
	  break;
	case 'u':
	  f_accesstime = 1;
	  f_statustime = 0;
	  break;
	case 'F':
	  f_type = 1;
	  break;
	case 'L':
	  fts_options &= ~FTS_PHYSICAL;
	  fts_options |= FTS_LOGICAL;
	  break;
	case 'R':
	  f_recursive = 1;
	  break;
	case 'a':
	  fts_options |= FTS_SEEDOT;
	case 'A':
	  f_listdot = 1;
	  break;
	  /* The -d option turns off the -R option. */
	case 'd':
	  f_listdir = 1;
	  f_recursive = 0;
	  break;
	case 'f':
	  f_nosort = 1;
	  break;
	case 'g':		/* Compatibility with 4.3BSD. */
	  break;
	case 'i':
	  f_inode = 1;
	  break;
	case 'k':
	  blocksize = 1024;
	  kflag = 1;
	  break;
	case 'o':
	  f_flags = 1;
	  break;
	case 'p':
	  f_typedir = 1;
	  break;
	case 'q':
	  f_nonprint = 1;
	  break;
	case 'r':
	  f_reversesort = 1;
	  break;
	case 'S':
	  sortkey = BY_SIZE;
	  break;
	case 's':
	  f_size = 1;
	  break;
	case 'T':
	  f_sectime = 1;
	  break;
	case 't':
	  sortkey = BY_TIME;
	  break;
	case 'W':
	  f_whiteout = 1;
	  break;
	default:
	  return usage ();
	}
    }
  argc -= optind;
  argv += optind;

  /*
   * If not -F, -i, -l, -p, -S, -s or -t options, don't require stat
   * information.
   */
  if (!f_longform && !f_inode && !f_size && !f_type && !f_typedir &&
      sortkey == BY_NAME)
    fts_options |= FTS_NOSTAT;

  /*
   * If not -F, -d or -l options, follow any symbolic links listed on
   * the command line.
   */
  if (!f_longform && !f_listdir && !f_type)
    fts_options |= FTS_COMFOLLOW;

  /*
   * If -W, show whiteout entries
   */
#ifdef FTS_WHITEOUT
  if (f_whiteout)
    fts_options |= FTS_WHITEOUT;
#endif

  /* If -l or -s, figure out block size. */
  if (f_longform || f_size)
    {
      blocksize = 1024;		/* Fuck this hair-splitting */
      blocksize /= 512;
    }

  /* Select a sort function. */
  if (f_reversesort)
    {
      switch (sortkey)
	{
	case BY_NAME:
	  sortfcn = revnamecmp;
	  break;
	case BY_SIZE:
	  sortfcn = revsizecmp;
	  break;
	case BY_TIME:
	  if (f_accesstime)
	    sortfcn = revacccmp;
	  else if (f_statustime)
	    sortfcn = revstatcmp;
	  else			/* Use modification time. */
	    sortfcn = revmodcmp;
	  break;
	}
    }
  else
    {
      switch (sortkey)
	{
	case BY_NAME:
	  sortfcn = namecmp;
	  break;
	case BY_SIZE:
	  sortfcn = sizecmp;
	  break;
	case BY_TIME:
	  if (f_accesstime)
	    sortfcn = acccmp;
	  else if (f_statustime)
	    sortfcn = statcmp;
	  else			/* Use modification time. */
	    sortfcn = modcmp;
	  break;
	}
    }

  /* Select a print function. */
  if (f_singlecol)
    printfcn = printscol;
  else if (f_columnacross)
    printfcn = printacol;
  else if (f_longform)
    printfcn = printlong;
  else if (f_stream)
    printfcn = printstream;
  else
    printfcn = printcol;

  if (argc)
    traverse (argc, argv, fts_options);
  else
    traverse (1, dotav, fts_options);
  return (rval);
}

/*
 * Traverse() walks the logical directory structure specified by the argv list
 * in the order specified by the mastercmp() comparison function.  During the
 * traversal it passes linked lists of structures to display() which represent
 * a superset (may be exact set) of the files to be displayed.
 */
static void
traverse (int argc, char **argv, int options)
{
  FTS *ftsp;
  FTSENT *p, *chp;
  int ch_options;

  ftsp = fts_open (argv, options, f_nosort ? NULL : mastercmp);
  if (ftsp == NULL)
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "%s: fts_open: %s", argv[0], strerror (errno));
      rval = EXIT_FAILURE;
      return;
    }

  display (NULL, fts_children (ftsp, 0));
  if (f_listdir)
    return;

  /*
   * If not recursing down this tree and don't need stat info, just get
   * the names.
   */
  ch_options = !f_recursive && options & FTS_NOSTAT ? FTS_NAMEONLY : 0;

  while ((p = fts_read (ftsp)) != NULL)
    switch (p->fts_info)
      {
      case FTS_D:
	if (p->fts_name[0] == '.' &&
	    p->fts_level != FTS_ROOTLEVEL && !f_listdot)
	  break;

	/*
	 * If already output something, put out a newline as
	 * a separator.  If multiple arguments, precede each
	 * directory with its name.
	 */
	if (output)
	  printf ("\n%s:\n", p->fts_path);
	else if (argc > 1)
	  {
	    printf ("%s:\n", p->fts_path);
	    output = 1;
	  }

	chp = fts_children (ftsp, ch_options);
	display (p, chp);

	if (!f_recursive && chp != NULL)
	  fts_set (ftsp, p, FTS_SKIP);
	break;
      case FTS_DC:
	fprintf (stderr, "%s: directory causes a cycle", p->fts_name);
	break;
      case FTS_DNR:
      case FTS_ERR:
	fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s\n", p->fts_name, strerror (p->fts_errno));
	rval = 1;
	break;
      }
  if (errno)
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "fts_read: %s", strerror (errno));
      rval = EXIT_FAILURE;
      return;
    }
}

/*
 * Display() takes a linked list of FTSENT structures and passes the list
 * along with any other necessary information to the print function.  P
 * points to the parent directory of the display list.
 */
static void
display (FTSENT *p, FTSENT *list)
{
  struct stat *sp;
  DISPLAY d;
  FTSENT *cur;
  NAMES *np;
  unsigned long long maxsize;
  unsigned long btotal, maxinode, maxlen, maxnlink;
  long maxblock;
  int bcfile, flen, glen, ulen, maxflags, maxgroup, maxuser;
  int entries, needstats;
  char *user = NULL, *group = NULL, buf[INT_BUFSIZE_BOUND (uintmax_t)];
  char nuser[INT_BUFSIZE_BOUND (uintmax_t)],
       ngroup[INT_BUFSIZE_BOUND (uintmax_t)];
  char *flags = NULL;

  /*
   * If list is NULL there are two possibilities: that the parent
   * directory p has no children, or that fts_children() returned an
   * error.  We ignore the error case since it will be replicated
   * on the next call to fts_read() on the post-order visit to the
   * directory p, and will be signalled in traverse().
   */
  if (list == NULL)
    return;

  needstats = f_inode || f_longform || f_size;
  flen = 0;
  btotal = maxblock = maxinode = maxlen = maxnlink = 0;
  bcfile = 0;
  maxuser = maxgroup = maxflags = 0;
  maxsize = 0;
  for (cur = list, entries = 0; cur; cur = cur->fts_link)
    {
      if (cur->fts_info == FTS_ERR || cur->fts_info == FTS_NS)
	{
	  fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s\n",
		   cur->fts_name, strerror (cur->fts_errno));
	  cur->fts_number = NO_PRINT;
	  rval = 1;
	  continue;
	}

      /*
       * P is NULL if list is the argv list, to which different rules
       * apply.
       */
      if (p == NULL)
	{
	  /* Directories will be displayed later. */
	  if (cur->fts_info == FTS_D && !f_listdir)
	    {
	      cur->fts_number = NO_PRINT;
	      continue;
	    }
	}
      else
	{
	  /* Only display dot file if -a/-A set. */
	  if (cur->fts_name[0] == '.' && !f_listdot)
	    {
	      cur->fts_number = NO_PRINT;
	      continue;
	    }
	}
      if (cur->fts_namelen > maxlen)
	maxlen = cur->fts_namelen;
      if (needstats)
	{
	  sp = cur->fts_statp;
	  if (sp->st_blocks > maxblock)
	    maxblock = sp->st_blocks;
	  if (sp->st_ino > maxinode)
	    maxinode = sp->st_ino;
	  if (sp->st_nlink > maxnlink)
	    maxnlink = sp->st_nlink;
	  if (sp->st_size > (off_t) maxsize)
	    maxsize = sp->st_size;

	  btotal += sp->st_blocks;
	  if (f_longform)
	    {
	      struct passwd *pwd;
	      struct group *grp;

	      user = group = NULL;

	      if (!f_numericonly)
		{
		  pwd = getpwuid (sp->st_uid);
		  if (pwd)
		    user = pwd->pw_name;
		  grp = getgrgid (sp->st_gid);
		  if (grp)
		    group = grp->gr_name;
		}
	      if (!user)
		user = umaxtostr (sp->st_uid, nuser);
	      if (!group)
		group = umaxtostr (sp->st_gid, ngroup);

	      ulen = strlen (user);
	      if (ulen > maxuser)
		maxuser = ulen;
	      glen = strlen (group);
	      if (glen > maxgroup)
		maxgroup = glen;

	      if (f_flags)
		{
		  flags = "-";
		  flen = strlen (flags);
		  if (flen > maxflags)
		    maxflags = flen;
		}
	      else
		flen = 0;

	      np = malloc (sizeof (NAMES) + ulen + glen + flen + 3);
	      if (np == NULL)
		{
		  fprintf (stderr, "malloc: %s", strerror (errno));
		  rval = EXIT_FAILURE;
		  return;
		}

	      np->user = &np->data[0];
	      strcpy (np->user, user);
	      np->group = &np->data[ulen + 1];
	      strcpy (np->group, group);

	      if (S_ISCHR (sp->st_mode) || S_ISBLK (sp->st_mode))
		bcfile = 1;

	      if (f_flags)
		{
		  np->flags = &np->data[ulen + glen + 2];
		  strcpy (np->flags, flags);
		}
	      cur->fts_pointer = np;
	    }
	}
      ++entries;
    }

  if (!entries)
    return;

  d.list = list;
  d.entries = entries;
  d.maxlen = maxlen;
  if (needstats)
    {
      d.bcfile = bcfile;
      d.btotal = btotal;
      d.s_block = strlen (umaxtostr (maxblock, buf));
      d.s_flags = maxflags;
      d.s_group = maxgroup;
      d.s_inode = strlen (umaxtostr (maxinode, buf));
      d.s_nlink = strlen (umaxtostr (maxnlink, buf));
      d.s_size = strlen (umaxtostr (maxsize, buf));
      d.s_user = maxuser;
    }

  printfcn (&d);
  output = 1;

  if (f_longform)
    for (cur = list; cur; cur = cur->fts_link)
      free (cur->fts_pointer);
}

/*
 * Ordering for mastercmp:
 * If ordering the argv (fts_level = FTS_ROOTLEVEL) return non-directories
 * as larger than directories.  Within either group, use the sort function.
 * All other levels use the sort function.  Error entries remain unsorted.
 */
static int
mastercmp (const FTSENT **a, const FTSENT **b)
{
  int a_info, b_info;

  a_info = (*a)->fts_info;
  if (a_info == FTS_ERR)
    return (0);
  b_info = (*b)->fts_info;
  if (b_info == FTS_ERR)
    return (0);

  if (a_info == FTS_NS || b_info == FTS_NS)
    {
      if (b_info != FTS_NS)
        return (1);
      else if (a_info != FTS_NS)
        return (-1);
      else
        return (namecmp (*a, *b));
    }

  if (a_info != b_info && (*a)->fts_level == FTS_ROOTLEVEL && !f_listdir)
    {
      if (a_info == FTS_D)
	return (1);
      if (b_info == FTS_D)
	return (-1);
    }
  return (sortfcn (*a, *b));
}