File: psm_utils.c

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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2013. Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2006-2012. QLogic Corporation. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, PathScale, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * This software is available to you under a choice of one of two
 * licenses.  You may choose to be licensed under the terms of the GNU
 * General Public License (GPL) Version 2, available from the file
 * COPYING in the main directory of this source tree, or the
 * OpenIB.org BSD license below:
 *
 *     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
 *     without modification, are permitted provided that the following
 *     conditions are met:
 *
 *      - Redistributions of source code must retain the above
 *        copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *        disclaimer.
 *
 *      - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *        copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *        disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials
 *        provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
 * NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN
 * ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
 * CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

#include <netdb.h> /* gethostbyname */
#include "psm_user.h"
#include "psm_mq_internal.h"

int psmi_ep_device_is_enabled(const psm_ep_t ep, int devid);

struct psmi_epid_table psmi_epid_table;

/* Iterator to access the epid table.
 * 'ep' can be NULL if remote endpoints from all endpoint handles are requested
 */
void
psmi_epid_itor_init(struct psmi_eptab_iterator *itor, psm_ep_t ep)
{
    itor->i = 0;
    itor->ep = ep;
    pthread_mutex_lock(&psmi_epid_table.tablock);
}

void *
psmi_epid_itor_next(struct psmi_eptab_iterator *itor)
{
    int i;
    struct psmi_epid_tabentry *e;

    if (itor->i >= psmi_epid_table.tabsize)
	return NULL;
    for (i = itor->i; i < psmi_epid_table.tabsize; i++) {
	e = &psmi_epid_table.table[i];
	if (!e->entry || e->entry == EPADDR_DELETED)
	    continue;
	if (itor->ep && e->ep != itor->ep)
	    continue;
	itor->i = i+1;
	return e->entry;
    }
    itor->i = psmi_epid_table.tabsize; /* put at end of table */
    return NULL;
}

void
psmi_epid_itor_fini(struct psmi_eptab_iterator *itor)
{
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&psmi_epid_table.tablock);
    itor->i = 0;
}

#define mix64(a,b,c) \
{ \
  a -= b; a -= c; a ^= (c>>43); \
  b -= c; b -= a; b ^= (a<<9);  \
  c -= a; c -= b; c ^= (b>>8);  \
  a -= b; a -= c; a ^= (c>>38); \
  b -= c; b -= a; b ^= (a<<23); \
  c -= a; c -= b; c ^= (b>>5);  \
  a -= b; a -= c; a ^= (c>>35); \
  b -= c; b -= a; b ^= (a<<49); \
  c -= a; c -= b; c ^= (b>>11); \
  a -= b; a -= c; a ^= (c>>12); \
  b -= c; b -= a; b ^= (a<<18); \
  c -= a; c -= b; c ^= (b>>22); \
}

psm_error_t
psmi_epid_init()
{
    pthread_mutexattr_t attr;
    psmi_epid_table.table = NULL,
    psmi_epid_table.tabsize = 0;
    psmi_epid_table.tabsize_used = 0;
    pthread_mutexattr_init(&attr);
    pthread_mutexattr_settype(&attr, PTHREAD_MUTEX_RECURSIVE);
    pthread_mutex_init(&psmi_epid_table.tablock, &attr);
    pthread_mutexattr_destroy(&attr);
    return PSM_OK;
};

psm_error_t
psmi_epid_fini()
{
    if (psmi_epid_table.table != NULL) {
	psmi_free(psmi_epid_table.table);
	psmi_epid_table.table = NULL;
    }
    psmi_epid_table.tabsize = 0;
    psmi_epid_table.tabsize_used = 0;
    return PSM_OK;
}

PSMI_ALWAYS_INLINE(
uint64_t
hash_this(const psm_ep_t ep, const psm_epid_t epid))
{
    uint64_t ep_i = (uint64_t)(uintptr_t)ep; 
    uint64_t epid_i = (uint64_t) epid;
    uint64_t hash = 0x9e3779b97f4a7c13LL;
    mix64(ep_i,epid_i,hash);
    return hash;
}

PSMI_ALWAYS_INLINE(
void *
psmi_epid_lookup_inner(psm_ep_t ep, psm_epid_t epid, int remove))
{
    uint64_t key = hash_this(ep, epid);
    struct psmi_epid_tabentry *e;
    void *entry = NULL;
    int idx;

    pthread_mutex_lock(&psmi_epid_table.tablock);
    if (!psmi_epid_table.table)  
	goto ret;
    idx = (int)(key % psmi_epid_table.tabsize);
    while (psmi_epid_table.table[idx].entry != NULL) {
	/* An epid can be added twice if there's more than one opened endpoint,
	 * but really we match on epid *and* on endpoint */
	e = &psmi_epid_table.table[idx];
	if (e->entry != EPADDR_DELETED && e->key == key)
	{ 
	    entry = e->entry;
	    if (remove) 
		psmi_epid_table.table[idx].entry = EPADDR_DELETED;
	    goto ret;
	}
	if (++idx == psmi_epid_table.tabsize)
	    idx = 0;
    }
ret:
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&psmi_epid_table.tablock);
    return entry;
}

void *
psmi_epid_lookup(psm_ep_t ep, psm_epid_t epid)
{
    void *entry = psmi_epid_lookup_inner(ep, epid, 0);
    if (PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME != ep)
	_IPATH_VDBG("lookup of (%p,%" PRIx64 ") returns %p\n", ep, epid, entry);
    return entry;
}

void *
psmi_epid_remove(psm_ep_t ep, psm_epid_t epid)
{
    if (PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME != ep)
	_IPATH_VDBG("remove of (%p,%" PRIx64 ")\n", ep, epid);
    return psmi_epid_lookup_inner(ep, epid, 1);
}

psm_error_t
psmi_epid_add(psm_ep_t ep, psm_epid_t epid, void *entry)
{
    uint64_t key;
    int idx, i, newsz;
    struct psmi_epid_tabentry *e;
    psm_error_t err = PSM_OK;

    if (PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME != ep)
	_IPATH_VDBG("add of (%p,%" PRIx64 ") with entry %p\n", ep, epid, entry);
    pthread_mutex_lock(&psmi_epid_table.tablock);
    /* Leave this here, mostly for sanity and for the fact that the epid
     * table is currently not used in the critical path */
    if (++psmi_epid_table.tabsize_used > 
	    (int)(psmi_epid_table.tabsize * PSMI_EPID_TABLOAD_FACTOR)) 
    {
	struct psmi_epid_tabentry *newtab;
	newsz = psmi_epid_table.tabsize + PSMI_EPID_TABSIZE_CHUNK;
	newtab = (struct psmi_epid_tabentry *) 
	    psmi_calloc(ep, PER_PEER_ENDPOINT, 
			newsz, sizeof(struct psmi_epid_tabentry));
	if (newtab == NULL) {
	    err = PSM_NO_MEMORY;
	    goto fail;
	}
	if (psmi_epid_table.table) { /* rehash the table */
	    for (i = 0; i < psmi_epid_table.tabsize; i++) {
		e = &psmi_epid_table.table[i];
		if (e->entry == NULL)
		    continue;
		/* When rehashing, mark deleted as free again */
		if (e->entry == EPADDR_DELETED) {
		    psmi_epid_table.tabsize_used--;
		    continue;
		}
		idx = (int)(e->key % newsz);
		while (newtab[idx].entry != NULL)
		    if (++idx == newsz)
			idx = 0;
		newtab[idx].entry = e->entry;
		newtab[idx].key   = e->key;
		newtab[idx].ep    = e->ep;
		newtab[idx].epid  = e->epid;
	    }
	    psmi_free(psmi_epid_table.table);
	}
	psmi_epid_table.table = newtab;
	psmi_epid_table.tabsize = newsz;
    }
    key = hash_this(ep, epid);
    idx = (int)(key % psmi_epid_table.tabsize);
    e = &psmi_epid_table.table[idx];
    while (e->entry && e->entry != EPADDR_DELETED) {
	if (++idx == psmi_epid_table.tabsize)
	    idx = 0;
	e = &psmi_epid_table.table[idx];
    }
    e->entry = entry;
    e->key   = key;
    e->epid  = epid;
    e->ep    = ep;

fail:
    pthread_mutex_unlock(&psmi_epid_table.tablock);
    return err;
}

char *
psmi_gethostname(void)
{
    /* XXX this will need a lock in a multi-threaded environment */
    static char hostname[80] = {'\0'};
    char *c;

    if (hostname[0] == '\0') {
	gethostname(hostname, sizeof(hostname));
	hostname[sizeof(hostname) - 1] = '\0'; /* no guarantee of nul termination */
	if ((c = strchr(hostname, '.')))
	    *c = '\0';
    }

    return hostname;
}

/* 
 * Hostname stuff.  We really only register the network portion of the epid
 * since all epids from the same nid are assumed to have the same hostname.
 */
psm_error_t
psmi_epid_set_hostname(uint64_t nid, const char *hostname, int overwrite)
{
    size_t hlen;
    char *h;
    psm_error_t err = PSM_OK;
    
    if (hostname == NULL)
	return PSM_OK;
    /* First see if a hostname already exists */
    if ((h = psmi_epid_lookup(PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME, nid)) != NULL) {
	if (!overwrite)
	    return PSM_OK;

	h = psmi_epid_remove(PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME, nid);
	if (h != NULL) /* free the previous hostname if so exists */
	    psmi_free(h);
    }

    hlen = min(PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME_LEN, strlen(hostname)+1);
    h = (char *) psmi_malloc(PSMI_EP_NONE, PER_PEER_ENDPOINT, hlen);
    if (h == NULL)
	return PSM_NO_MEMORY;
    snprintf(h, hlen, "%s", hostname);
    h[hlen-1] = '\0';
    err = psmi_epid_add(PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME, nid, h);
    return err;
}

/* XXX These two functions are not thread safe, we'll use a rotating buffer
 * trick whenever we need to make them thread safe */
const char *
psmi_epaddr_get_hostname(psm_epid_t epid)
{
    static char hostnamebufs[4][PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME_LEN];
    static int bufno = 0;
    uint64_t nid = psm_epid_nid(epid);
    char *h, *hostname;

    hostname = hostnamebufs[bufno];
    bufno = (bufno + 1) % 4;

    /* First, if we have registered a host for this epid, just return that, or
     * else try to return something with lid and context */
    h = psmi_epid_lookup(PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME, nid);
    if (h != NULL) 
	return h;
    else {
	uint64_t lid, context, subcontext;
	lid = PSMI_EPID_GET_LID(epid);
	context = PSMI_EPID_GET_CONTEXT(epid);
	subcontext = PSMI_EPID_GET_SUBCONTEXT(epid);
	snprintf(hostname, PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME_LEN-1, "LID=0x%04x:%d.%d",
		(unsigned int) lid, (int) context, (int) subcontext);
	hostname[PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME_LEN-1] = '\0';
	return hostname;
    }
}

/* This one gives the hostname with a lid */
const char *
psmi_epaddr_get_name(psm_epid_t epid)
{
    static char hostnamebufs[4][PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME_LEN];
    static int bufno = 0;
    char *h, *hostname;
    uint64_t lid, context, subcontext;

    lid = PSMI_EPID_GET_LID(epid);
    context = PSMI_EPID_GET_CONTEXT(epid);
    subcontext = PSMI_EPID_GET_SUBCONTEXT(epid);
    hostname = hostnamebufs[bufno];
    bufno = (bufno + 1) % 4;

    h = psmi_epid_lookup(PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME, psm_epid_nid(epid));
    if (h == NULL)
	return psmi_epaddr_get_hostname(epid);
    else {
	snprintf(hostname, PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME_LEN-1,
	    "%s (LID=0x%04x:%d.%d)", h,
	    (unsigned int) lid, (int) context, (int) subcontext);
	hostname[PSMI_EP_HOSTNAME_LEN-1] = '\0';
    }
    return hostname;
}

/* Wrapper, in case we port to OS xyz that doesn't have sysconf */
uintptr_t
psmi_getpagesize(void)
{
    static uintptr_t	pagesz = (uintptr_t) -1;
    long sz;
    if (pagesz != (uintptr_t) -1) 
	return pagesz;
    sz = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
    if (sz == -1) {
	psmi_handle_error(PSMI_EP_NORETURN, PSM_INTERNAL_ERR,
	    "Can't query system page size");
    }
		    
    pagesz = (uintptr_t) sz;
    return pagesz;
}

/* If PSM_VERBOSE_ENV is set in the environment, we determine
 * what its verbose level is and print the environment at "INFO" 
 * level if the environment's level matches the desired printlevel.
 */
static int psmi_getenv_verblevel = -1;
static int 
psmi_getenv_is_verblevel(int printlevel)  
{
    if (psmi_getenv_verblevel == -1) {
	char *env = getenv("PSM_VERBOSE_ENV");
	if (env && *env) {
	    char *ep;
	    int val = (int) strtol(env, &ep, 0);
	    if (ep == env)
		psmi_getenv_verblevel = 0;
	    else if (val == 2)
		psmi_getenv_verblevel = 2;
	    else
		psmi_getenv_verblevel = 1;
	}
	else
		psmi_getenv_verblevel = 0;
    }
    return (printlevel <= psmi_getenv_verblevel);
}

#define GETENV_PRINTF(_level,_fmt,...)			    \
	do {						    \
	    int nlevel = _level;			    \
	    if (psmi_getenv_is_verblevel(nlevel))	    \
		nlevel = 0;				    \
	    _IPATH_ENVDBG(nlevel,_fmt,##__VA_ARGS__);	    \
	} while (0)

int 
psmi_getenv(const char *name, const char *descr, int level,
	    int type, union psmi_envvar_val defval,
	    union psmi_envvar_val *newval)
{
    int used_default = 0;
    union psmi_envvar_val tval;
    char *env = getenv(name);
    int ishex = (type == PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_ULONG_FLAGS ||
		 type == PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_UINT_FLAGS);

    /* If we're not using the default, always reset the print
     * level to '1' so the changed value gets seen at low
     * verbosity */
#define _GETENV_PRINT(used_default,fmt,val,defval)  do {	\
	if (used_default)					\
	    GETENV_PRINTF(level, "%s%-25s %-40s =>%s" #fmt	\
		"\n", level>1?"*":" ", name, descr, ishex?"	\
		0x":" ", val);					\
	else							\
	    GETENV_PRINTF(1, "%s%-25s %-40s =>%s" #fmt		\
		" (default was%s" #fmt ")\n",level>1?"*":" ",	\
		name, descr, ishex?" 0x":" ", val,		\
		ishex?" 0x":" ", defval);			\
	} while (0)

    switch (type) {
	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_YESNO:
	    if (!env || *env == '\0') {
	        tval = defval;
	        used_default = 1;
	    }
	    else if (env[0] == 'Y' || env[0] == 'y')
	        tval.e_int = 1;
	    else if (env[0] == 'N' || env[0] == 'n')
	        tval.e_int = 0;
	    else {
		char *ep;
	        tval.e_ulong = strtoul(env, &ep, 0);
	        if (ep == env) {
	    	used_default = 1;
	    	tval = defval;
	        }
	        else if (tval.e_ulong != 0)
	    	tval.e_ulong = 1;
	    }
	    _GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%s,tval.e_long?"YES":"NO",
	    	     defval.e_int?"YES":"NO");
	    break;

	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_STR:
	    if (!env || *env == '\0') {
	        tval = defval;
	        used_default = 1;
	    }
	    else
	        tval.e_str = env;
	    _GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%s,tval.e_str,defval.e_str);
	    break;

	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_INT:
	    if (!env || *env == '\0') {
	        tval = defval;
	        used_default = 1;
	    }
	    else {
		char *ep;
	        tval.e_int = (int) strtol(env, &ep, 0);
	        if (ep == env) {
	    	used_default = 1;
	    	tval = defval;
	        }
	    }
	    _GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%d,tval.e_int,defval.e_int);
	    break;

	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_UINT:
	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_UINT_FLAGS:
	    if (!env || *env == '\0') {
	        tval = defval;
	        used_default = 1;
	    }
	    else {
		char *ep;
	        tval.e_int = (unsigned int) strtoul(env, &ep, 0);
	        if (ep == env) {
	    	used_default = 1;
	    	tval = defval;
	        }
	    }
	    if (type == PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_UINT_FLAGS)
		_GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%x,tval.e_uint,defval.e_uint);
	    else
		_GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%u,tval.e_uint,defval.e_uint);
	    break;

	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_LONG:
	    if (!env || *env == '\0') {
	        tval = defval;
	        used_default = 1;
	    }
	    else {
		char *ep;
	        tval.e_long = strtol(env, &ep, 0);
	        if (ep == env) {
	    	used_default = 1;
	    	tval = defval;
	        }
	    }
	    _GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%ld,tval.e_long,defval.e_long);
	    break;
	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_ULONG_ULONG:
	  if (!env || *env == '\0') {
	        tval = defval;
	        used_default = 1;
	    }
	    else {
		char *ep;
	        tval.e_ulonglong = (unsigned long long) strtoull(env, &ep, 0);
	        if (ep == env) {
		  used_default = 1;
		  tval = defval;
	        }
	    }
	    _GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%llu,
			  tval.e_ulonglong, defval.e_ulonglong);
	  break;
	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_ULONG:
	case PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_ULONG_FLAGS:
	default:
	    if (!env || *env == '\0') {
	        tval = defval;
	        used_default = 1;
	    }
	    else {
		char *ep;
	        tval.e_ulong = (unsigned long) strtoul(env, &ep, 0);
	        if (ep == env) {
	    	used_default = 1;
	    	tval = defval;
	        }
	    }
	    if (type == PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_ULONG_FLAGS)
		_GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%lx,tval.e_ulong,defval.e_ulong);
	    else
		_GETENV_PRINT(used_default,%lu,tval.e_ulong,defval.e_ulong);
	    break;
    }
#undef _GETENV_PRINT
    *newval = tval;
	    
    return used_default;
}

/*
 * Parsing int parameters set in string tuples.
 * Output array int *vals should be able to store 'ntup' elements.
 * Values are only overwritten if they are parsed.
 * Tuples are always separated by colons ':'
 */
int psmi_parse_str_tuples(const char *string, int ntup, int *vals)
{
    char *b = (char *) string;
    char *e = b;
    int tup_i = 0;
    int n_parsed = 0;
    char *buf = psmi_strdup(NULL, string);
    psmi_assert_always(buf != NULL);

    while (*e && tup_i < ntup) {
	b = e;
	while (*e && *e != ':') 
	    e++;
	if (e > b) { /* something to parse */
	    char *ep;
	    int len = e - b;
	    long int l;
	    strncpy(buf, b, len);
	    buf[len] = '\0';
	    l = strtol(buf, &ep, 0);
	    if (ep != buf) {  /* successful conversion */
		vals[tup_i] = (int) l;
		n_parsed++;
	    }
	}
	if (*e == ':') 
	    e++; /* skip delimiter */
	tup_i++;
    }
    psmi_free(buf);
    return n_parsed;
}

/*
 * Memory footprint/usage mode.
 *
 * This can be used for debug or for separating large installations from
 * small/medium ones.  The default is to assume a medium installation.  Large
 * is not that much larger in memory footprint, but we make a conscious effort
 * an consuming only the amount of memory we need.
 */
int
psmi_parse_memmode(void)
{
    union psmi_envvar_val env_mmode;
    int used_default = 
	psmi_getenv("PSM_MEMORY", "Memory usage mode (normal or large)",
		    PSMI_ENVVAR_LEVEL_USER, PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_STR,
		    (union psmi_envvar_val) "normal", &env_mmode);
    if (used_default || !strcasecmp(env_mmode.e_str, "normal"))
	return PSMI_MEMMODE_NORMAL;
    else if (!strcasecmp(env_mmode.e_str, "min"))
	return PSMI_MEMMODE_MINIMAL;
    else if (!strcasecmp(env_mmode.e_str, "large") || 
	     !strcasecmp(env_mmode.e_str, "big"))
	return PSMI_MEMMODE_LARGE;
    else {
	_IPATH_PRDBG("PSM_MEMORY env value %s unrecognized, "
		     "using 'normal' memory mode instead\n",
		     env_mmode.e_str);
	return PSMI_MEMMODE_NORMAL;
    }
}

static
const char *
psmi_memmode_string(int mode)
{
    psmi_assert(mode >= PSMI_MEMMODE_NORMAL && mode < PSMI_MEMMODE_NUM);
    switch (mode) {
	case PSMI_MEMMODE_NORMAL:
	    return "normal";
	case PSMI_MEMMODE_MINIMAL:
	    return "minimal";
	case PSMI_MEMMODE_LARGE:
	    return "large";
	default:
	    return "unknown";
    }
}

psm_error_t 
psmi_parse_mpool_env(const psm_mq_t mq, int level,
			const struct psmi_rlimit_mpool *rlim,
		        uint32_t *valo, uint32_t *chunkszo)
{
    uint32_t val;
    const char *env = rlim->env;
    int mode = mq->memmode;
    psm_error_t err = PSM_OK;
    union psmi_envvar_val env_val;
    
    psmi_assert_always(mode >= PSMI_MEMMODE_NORMAL && mode < PSMI_MEMMODE_NUM);

    psmi_getenv(rlim->env, rlim->descr, rlim->env_level,
		PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_UINT,
		(union psmi_envvar_val) rlim->mode[mode].obj_max, 
		&env_val);

    val = env_val.e_uint;
    if (val < rlim->minval || val > rlim->maxval)
    {
	err = psmi_handle_error(NULL, PSM_PARAM_ERR,
		"Env. var %s=%u is invalid (valid settings in mode PSM_MEMORY=%s"
		" are inclusively between %u and %u)", env, val,
		psmi_memmode_string(mode), rlim->minval, rlim->maxval);
	goto fail;
    }

    _IPATH_VDBG("%s max=%u,chunk=%u (mode=%s(%u),min=%u,max=%u)\n",
	    env, val, rlim->mode[mode].obj_chunk, psmi_memmode_string(mode), 
	    mode, rlim->minval, rlim->maxval);

    *valo = val;
    *chunkszo = rlim->mode[mode].obj_chunk;

fail:
    return err;
}

uint64_t
psmi_cycles_left(uint64_t start_cycles, int64_t timeout_ns)
{
    if (timeout_ns < 0)
	return 0ULL;
    else if (timeout_ns == 0ULL || timeout_ns == ~0ULL)
	return ~0ULL;
    else {
	uint64_t t_end = nanosecs_to_cycles(timeout_ns);
	uint64_t t_now = get_cycles() - start_cycles;

	if (t_now >= t_end) 
	    return 0ULL;
	else
	    return (t_end - t_now);
    }
}

uint32_t
psmi_get_ipv4addr()
{
    struct  hostent *he;
    uint32_t addr = 0;

    he = gethostbyname(psmi_gethostname());
    if (he != NULL && he->h_addrtype == AF_INET && he->h_addr != NULL) {
	memcpy(&addr, he->h_addr, sizeof(uint32_t));
	return addr;
    }
    else
	return 0;
}

#define PSMI_EP_IS_PTR(ptr)	    ((ptr) != NULL && (ptr) < PSMI_EP_LOGEVENT)

void
psmi_syslog(psm_ep_t ep, int to_console, int level, const char *format, ...)
{
    va_list ap;

    /* If we've never syslogged anything from this ep at the PSM level, make
     * sure we log context information */
    if (PSMI_EP_IS_PTR(ep) && !ep->did_syslog) {
	char uuid_str[64];
	ep->did_syslog = 1;

	memset(&uuid_str, 0, sizeof uuid_str);
	psmi_uuid_unparse(ep->key, uuid_str);
	ipath_syslog("PSM", 0, LOG_WARNING, 
		     "uuid_key=%s,unit=%d,context=%d,subcontext=%d",
		     uuid_str,
		     ep->context.base_info.spi_unit,
		     ep->context.base_info.spi_context,
		     ep->context.base_info.spi_subcontext);
    }

    va_start(ap, format);
    ipath_vsyslog("PSM", to_console, level, format, ap);
    va_end(ap);
}

/* Table of CRCs of all 8-bit messages. */
static uint32_t crc_table[256];

/* Flag: has the table been computed? Initially false. */
static int crc_table_computed = 0;

/* Make the table for a fast CRC. */
static void make_crc_table(void)
{
  uint32_t c;
  int n, k;

  for (n = 0; n < 256; n++) {
    c = (uint32_t) n;
    for (k = 0; k < 8; k++) {
      if (c & 1)
        c = 0xedb88320 ^ (c >> 1);
      else
        c = c >> 1;
    }
    crc_table[n] = c;
  }
  crc_table_computed = 1;
}
   
/* Update a running CRC with the bytes buf[0..len-1]--the CRC
 * should be initialized to all 1's, and the transmitted value
 * is the 1's complement of the final running CRC (see the
 * crc() routine below)).
 */
   
static uint32_t update_crc(uint32_t crc, unsigned char *buf, int len)
{
  uint32_t c = crc;
  int n;

  if_pf (!crc_table_computed)
    make_crc_table();
  for (n = 0; n < len; n++) {
    c = crc_table[(c ^ buf[n]) & 0xff] ^ (c >> 8);
  }
  return c;
}
   
/* Return the CRC of the bytes buf[0..len-1]. */
uint32_t psmi_crc(unsigned char *buf, int len)
{
    return update_crc(0xffffffff, buf, len) ^ 0xffffffff;
}

/* Return the HCA type being used for a context */
uint32_t  psmi_get_hca_type(psmi_context_t *context)
{
  uint32_t hca_type;
  
  /* Determine HCA type. Use heuristics based on runtime flags
   * 
   * Header suppression available: QLE73XX
   * NODMA_RTAIL: QLE72XX
   * <AnythingElse>: QLE71XX
   */

  if (context->runtime_flags & IPATH_RUNTIME_HDRSUPP)
    hca_type = PSMI_HCA_TYPE_QLE73XX;
  else if (context->runtime_flags & IPATH_RUNTIME_NODMA_RTAIL)
    hca_type = PSMI_HCA_TYPE_QLE72XX;
  else
    hca_type = PSMI_HCA_TYPE_QLE71XX;
  
  return hca_type;
}

#define PSMI_FAULTINJ_SPEC_NAMELEN  32
struct psmi_faultinj_spec {
    STAILQ_ENTRY(psmi_faultinj_spec)	next;
    char				spec_name[PSMI_FAULTINJ_SPEC_NAMELEN];

    unsigned long long num_faults;
    unsigned long long num_calls;

    unsigned int seedp;
    int num;
    int denom;

};

int  psmi_faultinj_enabled = 0;
int  psmi_faultinj_verbose = 0;
char *psmi_faultinj_outfile = NULL;

static struct psmi_faultinj_spec		psmi_faultinj_dummy;
static STAILQ_HEAD(, psmi_faultinj_spec)	psmi_faultinj_head =
	STAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(psmi_faultinj_head);

void
psmi_faultinj_init()
{   
    union psmi_envvar_val env_fi;

    psmi_getenv("PSM_FI", "PSM Fault Injection (yes/no)",
		PSMI_ENVVAR_LEVEL_HIDDEN, PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_YESNO,
		PSMI_ENVVAR_VAL_NO, &env_fi);

    psmi_faultinj_enabled = !!env_fi.e_uint;
    
    if (psmi_faultinj_enabled) {
	char *def = NULL;
	if (!psmi_getenv("PSM_FI_TRACEFILE", "PSM Fault Injection output file",
		PSMI_ENVVAR_LEVEL_HIDDEN, PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_STR,
		(union psmi_envvar_val) def, &env_fi)) 
	{
	    psmi_faultinj_outfile = psmi_strdup(NULL, env_fi.e_str); 
	}
    }

    return;
}

void
psmi_faultinj_fini()
{
    struct psmi_faultinj_spec	*fi;
    FILE *fp;
    int do_fclose = 0;

    if (!psmi_faultinj_enabled || psmi_faultinj_outfile == NULL)
	return;

    if (strncmp(psmi_faultinj_outfile, "stdout", 7) == 0) 
	fp = stdout;
    else if (strncmp(psmi_faultinj_outfile, "stderr", 7) == 0)
	fp = stderr;
    else {
	char *c = psmi_faultinj_outfile;
	char buf[192];
	int append = 0;
	if (*c == '+') {
	    append = 1;
	    ++c;
	}
	do_fclose = 1;
	snprintf(buf, sizeof buf - 1, "%s.%s", c, __ipath_mylabel);
	buf[sizeof buf - 1] = '\0';
	fp = fopen(buf, append ? "a" : "w");
    }

    if (fp != NULL) {
	STAILQ_FOREACH(fi, &psmi_faultinj_head, next) {
	    fprintf(fp, "%s:%s PSM_FI_%-12s %2.3f%% => "
		    "%2.3f%% %10lld faults/%10lld events\n", __progname,
		    __ipath_mylabel, fi->spec_name, 
		    (double) fi->num * 100.0 / fi->denom, 
		    (double) fi->num_faults * 100.0 / fi->num_calls,
		    fi->num_faults, fi->num_calls);
	}
	fflush(fp);
	if (do_fclose)
	    fclose(fp);
    }

    psmi_free(psmi_faultinj_outfile);
    return;
}

/*
 * Intended to be used only once, not in the critical path
 */
struct psmi_faultinj_spec *
psmi_faultinj_getspec(char *spec_name, int num, int denom)
{
    struct psmi_faultinj_spec	*fi;

    if (!psmi_faultinj_enabled) 
	return &psmi_faultinj_dummy;

    STAILQ_FOREACH(fi, &psmi_faultinj_head, next) {
	if (strcmp(fi->spec_name, spec_name) == 0)
	    return fi;
    }

    /* We got here, so no spec -- allocate one */
    fi = psmi_malloc(PSMI_EP_NONE, UNDEFINED, sizeof(struct psmi_faultinj_spec));
    strncpy(fi->spec_name, spec_name, PSMI_FAULTINJ_SPEC_NAMELEN-1);
    fi->spec_name[PSMI_FAULTINJ_SPEC_NAMELEN-1] = '\0';
    fi->num = num;
    fi->denom = denom;
    fi->num_faults = 0;
    fi->num_calls = 0;

    /* 
     * See if we get a hint from the environment.
     * Format is
     * <num:denom:initial_seed>
     *
     * By default, we chose the initial seed to be the 'pid'.  If users need
     * repeatability, they should set initial_seed to be the 'pid' when the
     * error was observed or force the initial_seed to be a constant number in
     * each running process.  Using 'pid' is useful because core dumps store
     * pids and our backtrace format does as well so if a crash is observed for
     * a specific seed, programs can reuse the 'pid' to regenerate the same
     * error condition.
     */
    {
	int fvals[3] = { num, denom, (int) getpid() };
	union psmi_envvar_val env_fi;
	char fvals_str[128];
	char fname[128];
	char fdesc[300];

	snprintf(fvals_str, sizeof fvals_str - 1, "%d:%d:1", num, denom);
	fvals_str[sizeof fvals_str - 1] = '\0';
	snprintf(fname, sizeof fname - 1, "PSM_FI_%s", spec_name);
	fname[sizeof fname - 1] = '\0';
	snprintf(fdesc, sizeof fdesc - 1, "Fault Injection %s <%s>",
		    fname, fvals_str);

	if (!psmi_getenv(fname, fdesc, PSMI_ENVVAR_LEVEL_HIDDEN, 
			 PSMI_ENVVAR_TYPE_STR, (union psmi_envvar_val) fvals_str,
			 &env_fi))
	{
	    /* not using default values */
	    int n_parsed = psmi_parse_str_tuples(env_fi.e_str, 3, fvals);
	    if (n_parsed >= 1)
		fi->num = fvals[0];
	    if (n_parsed >= 2)
		fi->denom = fvals[1];
	    if (n_parsed >= 3)
		fi->seedp = fvals[2];
	}
    }

    STAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&psmi_faultinj_head, fi, next);
    return fi;
}
    
int
psmi_faultinj_is_fault(struct psmi_faultinj_spec *fi)
{
    int r;
    if (!psmi_faultinj_enabled) /* never fault if disabled */
	return 0;
    if (fi->num == 0)
	return 0;

    fi->num_calls++;
    r = rand_r(&fi->seedp);
    if (r % fi->denom <= fi->num) {
	fi->num_faults++;
	return 1;
    }
    else
	return 0;
}

/* For memory allocation, we kind of break the PSM error handling rules.
 * If the caller gets NULL, it has to assume that the error has been handled
 * and should always return PSM_NO_MEMORY */

/*
 * Log memory increments or decrements of type memstats_t.
 */
struct psmi_memtype_hdr {
    struct {
	uint64_t	size : 48;
	uint64_t	magic : 8;
	uint64_t	type : 8;
    };
};

struct psmi_stats_malloc psmi_stats_memory;

void
psmi_log_memstats(psmi_memtype_t type, int64_t nbytes)
{
#define _add_max_total(type,nbytes)				\
	psmi_stats_memory.m_ ## type ## _total += (nbytes);	\
	psmi_stats_memory.m_ ## type ## _max = max(		\
	    psmi_stats_memory.m_ ## type ## _total,		\
	    psmi_stats_memory.m_ ## type ## _max);

    switch (type) {
	case PER_PEER_ENDPOINT:
	    _add_max_total(perpeer, nbytes);
	    break;
	case NETWORK_BUFFERS:
	    _add_max_total(netbufs, nbytes);
	    break;
	case DESCRIPTORS:
	    _add_max_total(descriptors, nbytes);
	    break;
	case UNEXPECTED_BUFFERS:
	    _add_max_total(unexpbufs, nbytes);
	    break;
	case STATS:
	    _add_max_total(stats, nbytes);
	    break;
	case UNDEFINED:
	    _add_max_total(undefined, nbytes);
	    break;
	default:
	    psmi_assert_always(type == TOTAL);
	    break;
    }
    _add_max_total(all, nbytes);
    psmi_stats_memory.m_all_max++;
#undef _add_max_total

    return;
}

#define psmi_stats_mask PSMI_STATSTYPE_MEMORY

#ifdef malloc
#undef malloc
#endif
void *
psmi_malloc_internal(psm_ep_t ep, psmi_memtype_t type, 
		     size_t sz, const char *curloc)
{
    size_t newsz = sz;
    void *newa;

    psmi_assert(sizeof(struct psmi_memtype_hdr) == 8);

    if_pf (psmi_stats_mask & PSMI_STATSTYPE_MEMORY)
	newsz += sizeof(struct psmi_memtype_hdr);

    newa = malloc(newsz);
    if (newa == NULL)  {
	psmi_handle_error(PSMI_EP_NORETURN, PSM_NO_MEMORY,
	    "Out of memory for malloc at %s", curloc);
	return NULL;
    }

    if_pf (psmi_stats_mask & PSMI_STATSTYPE_MEMORY) {
	struct psmi_memtype_hdr *hdr = (struct psmi_memtype_hdr *) newa;
	hdr->size = newsz;
	hdr->type = type;
	hdr->magic = 0x8c;
	psmi_log_memstats(type, newsz);
	newa = (void *) (hdr + 1);
	//_IPATH_INFO("alloc is %p\n", newa);
    }
    return newa;
}

#ifdef calloc
#undef calloc
#endif
void *
psmi_calloc_internal(psm_ep_t ep, psmi_memtype_t type, size_t nelem, 
		     size_t elemsz, const char *curloc)
{
    void *newa = psmi_malloc_internal(ep, type, nelem*elemsz, curloc);
    if (newa == NULL) /* error handled above */
	return NULL;
    memset(newa, 0, nelem*elemsz);
    return newa;
}

#ifdef strdup
#undef strdup
#endif
void *
psmi_strdup_internal(psm_ep_t ep, const char *string, const char *curloc)
{
    size_t len = strlen(string)+1;
    void *newa = psmi_malloc_internal(ep, UNDEFINED, len, curloc);
    if (newa == NULL)
	return NULL;
    memcpy(newa, string, len); /* copy with \0 */
    return newa;
}

#ifdef free
#undef free
#endif

void
psmi_free_internal(void *ptr)
{
    if_pf (psmi_stats_mask & PSMI_STATSTYPE_MEMORY) {
	struct psmi_memtype_hdr *hdr = 
	    (struct psmi_memtype_hdr *) ptr - 1;
	//_IPATH_INFO("hdr is %p, ptr is %p\n", hdr, ptr);
	psmi_memtype_t type = hdr->type;
	int64_t size = hdr->size;
	int magic = (int) hdr->magic;
	psmi_log_memstats(type, -size);
	psmi_assert_always(magic == 0x8c);
	ptr = (void *) hdr;
    }
    free(ptr);
}

PSMI_ALWAYS_INLINE(
psm_error_t
psmi_coreopt_ctl(const void *core_obj, int optname, 
		 void *optval, uint64_t *optlen, int get))
{
  psm_error_t err = PSM_OK;
  char err_string[256];

  switch(optname) {
  case PSM_CORE_OPT_DEBUG:
    /* Sanity check length */
    if (*optlen < sizeof(unsigned)) {
      snprintf(err_string, 256, "Option value length error");
      *optlen = sizeof(unsigned);
      goto fail;
    }
    
    if (get) {
      *((unsigned *) optval) = infinipath_debug;
    }
    else
      infinipath_debug = *(unsigned*) optval;
    break;
  case PSM_CORE_OPT_EP_CTXT:
    {
      /* core object is epaddr */
      psm_epaddr_t epaddr = (psm_epaddr_t) core_obj;
      
      /* Sanity check epaddr */
      if (!epaddr) {
	snprintf(err_string, 256, "Invalid endpoint address");
	goto fail;
      }
      
      /* Sanity check length */
      if (*optlen < sizeof(unsigned long)) {
	snprintf(err_string, 256, "Option value length error");
	*optlen = sizeof(void*);
	goto fail;
      }
      
      if (get) {
	*((unsigned long*) optval) = (unsigned long) epaddr->usr_ep_ctxt;
      }
      else
	epaddr->usr_ep_ctxt = optval;
    }
    break;
  default:
    /* Unknown/unrecognized option */
    snprintf(err_string, 256, "Unknown PSM_CORE option %u.", optname);
    goto fail;
  }
  
  
  return err;
  
 fail:
  /* Unrecognized/unknown option */
  return psmi_handle_error(NULL, PSM_PARAM_ERR, err_string, "%s");
}

psm_error_t psmi_core_setopt(const void *core_obj, int optname, 
			     const void *optval, uint64_t optlen)
{
  return psmi_coreopt_ctl(core_obj, optname, (void*) optval, &optlen, 0);
}

psm_error_t psmi_core_getopt(const void *core_obj, int optname, 
			     void *optval, uint64_t *optlen)
{ 
  return psmi_coreopt_ctl(core_obj, optname, optval, optlen, 1);
}

/* PSM AM component option handling */
PSMI_ALWAYS_INLINE(
psm_error_t
psmi_amopt_ctl(const void *am_obj, int optname, 
	       void *optval, uint64_t *optlen, int get))
{
  psm_error_t err = PSM_OK;
  
  switch(optname) {
  case PSM_AM_OPT_FRAG_SZ:
    {
      /* AM object is a psm_epaddr (or NULL for global minimum sz) */
      psm_epaddr_t epaddr = (psm_epaddr_t) am_obj; 

      if (!get) /* Cannot set this option */
	return psmi_handle_error(NULL, PSM_OPT_READONLY, 
				 "Unable to set PSM_AM_OPT_FRAG_SZ. This is "
				 "a read only option.");
      /* Sanity check length */
      if (*optlen < sizeof(uint32_t)) {
	*optlen = sizeof(uint32_t);
	return err = psmi_handle_error(PSMI_EP_LOGEVENT, PSM_PARAM_ERR, 
				       "Option value length error");
      }
      
      /* TODO: Currently all AMs occur over IPS which utilizes the PIO flows.
       * These are limited to the PIO size of the chip. Once we have AM 
       * capability over shared memory then we can have different fragment
       * sizes over both transport and the global fragment size will need to
       * take the minimum of all possible transports used. For now if the
       * endpoint is opened get the PIO size from it else hard code it to 2K
       * which is "correct" for all supported chips.
       */
      *((unsigned *) optval) = 
	(epaddr && 
	 psmi_ep_device_is_enabled(epaddr->ep, PTL_DEVID_IPS)) ? 
	(epaddr->ep->context.base_info.spi_piosize - 
	 IPATH_MESSAGE_HDR_SIZE) : 2048;
    }
    
    break;
  default:
    err = psmi_handle_error(NULL, PSM_PARAM_ERR, "Unknown PSM_AM option %u.", optname);
  }
  
  return err;
}

psm_error_t psmi_am_setopt(const void *am_obj, int optname, 
			     const void *optval, uint64_t optlen)
{
  return psmi_amopt_ctl(am_obj, optname, (void*) optval, &optlen, 0);
}

psm_error_t psmi_am_getopt(const void *am_obj, int optname, 
			     void *optval, uint64_t *optlen)
{ 
  return psmi_amopt_ctl(am_obj, optname, optval, optlen, 1);
}