File: xtables-translate.8

package info (click to toggle)
iptables 1.8.2-4
  • links: PTS, VCS
  • area: main
  • in suites: buster
  • size: 6,220 kB
  • sloc: ansic: 55,460; sh: 5,794; makefile: 208; yacc: 187; python: 83; lex: 54
file content (134 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 4,393 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (3)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
.\"
.\" (C) Copyright 2018, Arturo Borrero Gonzalez <arturo@netfilter.org>
.\"
.\" %%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+_DOC_FULL)
.\" This is free documentation; you can redistribute it and/or
.\" modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
.\" published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
.\" the License, or (at your option) any later version.
.\"
.\" The GNU General Public License's references to "object code"
.\" and "executables" are to be interpreted as the output of any
.\" document formatting or typesetting system, including
.\" intermediate and printed output.
.\"
.\" This manual is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
.\" but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
.\" MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
.\" GNU General Public License for more details.
.\"
.\" You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
.\" License along with this manual; if not, see
.\" <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
.\" %%%LICENSE_END
.\"
.TH XTABLES-TRANSLATE 8 "Mar 16, 2018"

.SH NAME
xtables-translate \- translation tools to migrate from iptables to nftables

.SH DESCRIPTION
There is a set of tools to help the system administrator translate a given
ruleset from \fBiptables(8)\fP and \fBip6tables(8)\fP to \fBnftables(8)\fP.

The available commands are:

.IP \[bu] 2
iptables-translate
.IP \[bu]
iptables-restore-translate
.IP \[bu] 2
ip6tables-translate
.IP \[bu]
ip6tables-restore-translate

.SH USAGE
They take as input the original \fBiptables(8)\fP/\fBip6tables(8)\fP syntax and
output the native \fBnftables(8)\fP syntax.

The \fBiptables-restore-translate\fP tool reads a ruleset in the syntax
produced by \fBiptables-save(8)\fP. Likewise, the
\fBip6tables-restore-translate\fP tool reads one produced by
\fBip6tables-save(8)\fP.

The \fBiptables-translate\fP reads a command line as if it was entered to
\fBiptables(8)\fP, and \fBip6tables-translate\fP reads a command like as if it
was entered to \fBip6tables(8)\fP.

.SH EXAMPLES
Basic operation examples.

Single command translation:

.nf
root@machine:~# iptables-translate -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
nft add rule ip filter INPUT tcp dport 22 ct state new counter accept

root@machine:~# ip6tables-translate -A FORWARD -i eth0 -o eth3 -p udp -m multiport --dports 111,222 -j ACCEPT
nft add rule ip6 filter FORWARD iifname eth0 oifname eth3 meta l4proto udp udp dport { 111,222} counter accept
.fi

Whole ruleset translation:

.nf
root@machine:~# iptables-save > save.txt
root@machine:~# cat save.txt
# Generated by iptables-save v1.6.0 on Sat Dec 24 14:26:40 2016
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [5166:1752111]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [5058:628693]
-A FORWARD -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
COMMIT
# Completed on Sat Dec 24 14:26:40 2016

root@machine:~# iptables-restore-translate -f save.txt
# Translated by iptables-restore-translate v1.6.0 on Sat Dec 24 14:26:59 2016
add table ip filter
add chain ip filter INPUT { type filter hook input priority 0; }
add chain ip filter FORWARD { type filter hook forward priority 0; }
add chain ip filter OUTPUT { type filter hook output priority 0; }
add rule ip filter FORWARD tcp dport 22 ct state new counter accept

root@machine:~# iptables-restore-translate -f save.txt > ruleset.nft
root@machine:~# nft -f ruleset.nft
root@machine:~# nft list ruleset
table ip filter {
	chain INPUT {
		type filter hook input priority 0; policy accept;
	}

	chain FORWARD {
		type filter hook forward priority 0; policy accept;
		tcp dport ssh ct state new counter packets 0 bytes 0 accept
	}

	chain OUTPUT {
		type filter hook output priority 0; policy accept;
	}
}
.fi


.SH LIMITATIONS
Some (few) extensions may be not supported (or fully-supported) for whatever
reason (for example, they were considered obsolete, or we didn't have the time
to work on them).

There are no translations available for \fBebtables(8)\fP and
\fBarptables(8)\fP.

To get up-to-date information about this, please head to
\fBhttps://wiki.nftables.org/\fP.

.SH SEE ALSO
\fBnft(8)\fP, \fBxtables-compat(8)\fP

.SH AUTHORS
The nftables framework is written by the Netfilter project
(https://www.netfilter.org).

This manual page was written by Arturo Borrero Gonzalez
<arturo@netfilter.org>.

This documentation is free/libre under the terms of the GPLv2+.