File: base64.c

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#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include <config.h>
#endif
#include <stddef.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SSL
/* use OpenSSL functions when available */
#include <openssl/sha.h>
#include <openssl/hmac.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/buffer.h>

#include "util.h"

static const char gdtable[] =
{
     64, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,  62, 128, 128, 128,  63,
     52,  53,  54,  55,  56,  57,  58,  59,  60,  61, 128, 128, 128,   0, 128, 128,
    128,   0,   1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,  10,  11,  12,  13,  14,
     15,  16,  17,  18,  19,  20,  21,  22,  23,  24,  25, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128,  26,  27,  28,  29,  30,  31,  32,  33,  34,  35,  36,  37,  38,  39,  40,
     41,  42,  43,  44,  45,  46,  47,  48,  49,  50,  51, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128,
    128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128, 128
};

int apr_base64_decode_len( const char *bufcoded, int buflen )
{
  int count = 0;
  int i;
  for ( i = 0; i < buflen; ++i )
  {
    if ( gdtable[(int)bufcoded[i]] != 0x80 )
      ++count;
  }
  return (((count + 3) / 4) * 3) + 1;
}

int apr_base64_decode( char *decoded, const char *input, int length )
{
  BIO *b64 = BIO_new(BIO_f_base64());
  BIO_set_flags(b64, BIO_FLAGS_BASE64_NO_NL);
  BIO *bmem = BIO_new_mem_buf((void*)input, length);
  bmem = BIO_push(b64, bmem);

  int ret = BIO_read(bmem, decoded, length);
  BIO_free_all(bmem);

  return ret;
}

int apr_base64_encode_len( int len )
{
  return ((len + 2) / 3 * 4) + 1;
}

int apr_base64_encode( char *encoded, const char *input, int length )
{
  if ( ! length )
  {
    encoded[0] = 0;
    return 1; /* length incl '\0' */
  }

  BIO *b64 = BIO_new(BIO_f_base64());
  BIO_set_flags(b64, BIO_FLAGS_BASE64_NO_NL);
  BIO *bmem = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());
  b64 = BIO_push(b64, bmem);

  BIO_write(b64, input, length);
  BIO_flush(b64);

  BUF_MEM *bptr;
  BIO_get_mem_ptr(b64, &bptr);
  memcpy(encoded, bptr->data, bptr->length);
  encoded[bptr->length] = 0;
  int ret = bptr->length+1;
  BIO_free_all(b64);

  return ret; /* length incl '\0' */
}

#else
#warning OpenSSL functions for base64 not available
/* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

/* base64 encoder/decoder. Originally part of main/util.c
 * but moved here so that support/ab and apr_sha1.c could
 * use it. This meant removing the apr_palloc()s and adding
 * ugly 'len' functions, which is quite a nasty cost.
 */

#include "util.h"

/* aaaack but it's fast and const should make it shared text page. */
static const unsigned char pr2six[256] =
{
    /* ASCII table */
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 62, 64, 64, 64, 63,
    52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64,  0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,
    15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40,
    41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64,
    64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64, 64
};

int apr_base64_decode_len(const char *bufcoded, int buflen)
{
    int nbytesdecoded;
    register const unsigned char *bufin;
    register int nprbytes;

    bufin = (const unsigned char *) bufcoded;
    while (pr2six[*(bufin++)] <= 63 && buflen-- > 0);

    nprbytes = (bufin - (const unsigned char *) bufcoded) - 1;
    nbytesdecoded = (((int)nprbytes + 3) / 4) * 3;

    return nbytesdecoded + 1;
}

int apr_base64_decode_binary(unsigned char *bufplain, const char *bufcoded, int buflen);

int apr_base64_decode(char *bufplain, const char *bufcoded, int buflen)
{
    int len;

    len = apr_base64_decode_binary((unsigned char *) bufplain, bufcoded, buflen);
    bufplain[len] = '\0';
    return len;
}

int apr_base64_decode_binary(unsigned char *bufplain,
				   const char *bufcoded, int buflen)
{
    int nbytesdecoded;
    register const unsigned char *bufin;
    register unsigned char *bufout;
    register int nprbytes;

    bufin = (const unsigned char *) bufcoded;
    while (pr2six[*(bufin++)] <= 63 && buflen-- > 0);
    nprbytes = (bufin - (const unsigned char *) bufcoded) - 1;
    nbytesdecoded = (((int)nprbytes + 3) / 4) * 3;

    bufout = (unsigned char *) bufplain;
    bufin = (const unsigned char *) bufcoded;

    while (nprbytes > 4) {
	*(bufout++) =
	    (unsigned char) (pr2six[*bufin] << 2 | pr2six[bufin[1]] >> 4);
	*(bufout++) =
	    (unsigned char) (pr2six[bufin[1]] << 4 | pr2six[bufin[2]] >> 2);
	*(bufout++) =
	    (unsigned char) (pr2six[bufin[2]] << 6 | pr2six[bufin[3]]);
	bufin += 4;
	nprbytes -= 4;
    }

    /* Note: (nprbytes == 1) would be an error, so just ingore that case */
    if (nprbytes > 1) {
	*(bufout++) =
	    (unsigned char) (pr2six[*bufin] << 2 | pr2six[bufin[1]] >> 4);
    }
    if (nprbytes > 2) {
	*(bufout++) =
	    (unsigned char) (pr2six[bufin[1]] << 4 | pr2six[bufin[2]] >> 2);
    }
    if (nprbytes > 3) {
	*(bufout++) =
	    (unsigned char) (pr2six[bufin[2]] << 6 | pr2six[bufin[3]]);
    }

    nbytesdecoded -= (4 - (int)nprbytes) & 3;
    return nbytesdecoded;
}

static const char basis_64[] =
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";

int apr_base64_encode_len(int len)
{
    return ((len + 2) / 3 * 4) + 1;
}

int apr_base64_encode_binary(char *encoded, const unsigned char *string, int len);

int apr_base64_encode(char *encoded, const char *string, int len)
{
    return apr_base64_encode_binary(encoded, (const unsigned char *) string, len);
}

int apr_base64_encode_binary(char *encoded,
                                      const unsigned char *string, int len)
{
    int i;
    char *p;

    p = encoded;
    for (i = 0; i < len - 2; i += 3) {
	*p++ = basis_64[(string[i] >> 2) & 0x3F];
	*p++ = basis_64[((string[i] & 0x3) << 4) |
	                ((int) (string[i + 1] & 0xF0) >> 4)];
	*p++ = basis_64[((string[i + 1] & 0xF) << 2) |
	                ((int) (string[i + 2] & 0xC0) >> 6)];
	*p++ = basis_64[string[i + 2] & 0x3F];
    }
    if (i < len) {
	*p++ = basis_64[(string[i] >> 2) & 0x3F];
	if (i == (len - 1)) {
	    *p++ = basis_64[((string[i] & 0x3) << 4)];
	    *p++ = '=';
	}
	else {
	    *p++ = basis_64[((string[i] & 0x3) << 4) |
	                    ((int) (string[i + 1] & 0xF0) >> 4)];
	    *p++ = basis_64[((string[i + 1] & 0xF) << 2)];
	}
	*p++ = '=';
    }

    *p++ = '\0';
    return (int)(p - encoded);
}
#endif /* HAVE_SSL */

/* convenience functions for j2 */
char *b64_encode(char *buf, int len) {
    int elen;
    char *out;

    if(len == 0)
        len = strlen(buf);

    elen = apr_base64_encode_len(len);
    out = (char *) malloc(sizeof(char) * (elen + 1));

    apr_base64_encode(out, buf, len);

    return out;
}

char *b64_decode(char *buf) {
    int blen;
    int elen;
    char *out;

    blen = strlen(buf);
    elen = apr_base64_decode_len(buf, blen);
    out = (char *) malloc(sizeof(char) * (elen + 1));

    apr_base64_decode(out, buf, blen);

    return out;
}