File: lsystem.c

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/*
 * Copyright (C) 1984-2002  Mark Nudelman
 *
 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
 * License or the Less License, as specified in the README file.
 *
 * For more information about less, or for information on how to 
 * contact the author, see the README file.
 */


/*
 * Routines to execute other programs.
 * Necessarily very OS dependent.
 */

#include "less.h"
#include <signal.h>
#include "position.h"

#if MSDOS_COMPILER
#include <dos.h>
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#include <direct.h>
#define setdisk(n) _chdrive((n)+1)
#else
#include <dir.h>
#endif
#endif

extern int screen_trashed;
extern IFILE curr_ifile;


#if HAVE_SYSTEM

/*
 * Pass the specified command to a shell to be executed.
 * Like plain "system()", but handles resetting terminal modes, etc.
 */
	public void
lsystem(cmd, donemsg)
	char *cmd;
	char *donemsg;
{
	register int inp;
#if HAVE_SHELL
	register char *shell;
	register char *p;
#endif
	IFILE save_ifile;
#if MSDOS_COMPILER
	char cwd[FILENAME_MAX+1];
#endif

	/*
	 * Print the command which is to be executed,
	 * unless the command starts with a "-".
	 */
	if (cmd[0] == '-')
		cmd++;
	else
	{
		clear_bot();
		putstr("!");
		putstr(cmd);
		putstr("\n");
	}

#if MSDOS_COMPILER
	/*
	 * Working directory is global on MSDOS.
	 * The child might change the working directory, so we
	 * must save and restore CWD across calls to "system",
	 * or else we won't find our file when we return and
	 * try to "reedit_ifile" it.
	 */
	getcwd(cwd, FILENAME_MAX);
#endif

	/*
	 * Close the current input file.
	 */
	save_ifile = save_curr_ifile();
	(void) edit_ifile(NULL_IFILE);

	/*
	 * De-initialize the terminal and take out of raw mode.
	 */
	deinit();
	flush();	/* Make sure the deinit chars get out */
	raw_mode(0);
#if MSDOS_COMPILER==WIN32C
	close_getchr();
#endif

	/*
	 * Restore signals to their defaults.
	 */
	init_signals(0);

#if HAVE_DUP
	/*
	 * Force standard input to be the user's terminal
	 * (the normal standard input), even if less's standard input 
	 * is coming from a pipe.
	 */
	inp = dup(0);
	close(0);
#if OS2
	/* The __open() system call translates "/dev/tty" to "con". */
	if (__open("/dev/tty", OPEN_READ) < 0)
#else
	if (open("/dev/tty", OPEN_READ) < 0)
#endif
		dup(inp);
#endif

	/*
	 * Pass the command to the system to be executed.
	 * If we have a SHELL environment variable, use
	 * <$SHELL -c "command"> instead of just <command>.
	 * If the command is empty, just invoke a shell.
	 */
#if HAVE_SHELL
	p = NULL;
	if ((shell = lgetenv("SHELL")) != NULL && *shell != '\0')
	{
		if (*cmd == '\0')
			p = save(shell);
		else
		{
			char *esccmd = shell_quote(cmd);
			if (esccmd != NULL)
			{
				p = (char *) ecalloc(strlen(shell) +
					strlen(esccmd) + 5, sizeof(char));
				sprintf(p, "%s %s %s", shell, shell_coption(), esccmd);
				free(esccmd);
			}
		}
	}
	if (p == NULL)
	{
		if (*cmd == '\0')
			p = save("sh");
		else
			p = save(cmd);
	}
	system(p);
	free(p);
#else
#if MSDOS_COMPILER==DJGPPC
	/*
	 * Make stdin of the child be in cooked mode.
	 */
	setmode(0, O_TEXT);
	/*
	 * We don't need to catch signals of the child (it
	 * also makes trouble with some DPMI servers).
	 */
	__djgpp_exception_toggle();
  	system(cmd);
	__djgpp_exception_toggle();
#else
	system(cmd);
#endif
#endif

#if HAVE_DUP
	/*
	 * Restore standard input, reset signals, raw mode, etc.
	 */
	close(0);
	dup(inp);
	close(inp);
#endif

#if MSDOS_COMPILER==WIN32C
	open_getchr();
#endif
	init_signals(1);
	raw_mode(1);
	if (donemsg != NULL)
	{
		putstr(donemsg);
		putstr("  (press RETURN)");
		get_return();
		putchr('\n');
		flush();
	}
	init();
	screen_trashed = 1;

#if MSDOS_COMPILER
	/*
	 * Restore the previous directory (possibly
	 * changed by the child program we just ran).
	 */
	chdir(cwd);
#if MSDOS_COMPILER != DJGPPC
	/*
	 * Some versions of chdir() don't change to the drive
	 * which is part of CWD.  (DJGPP does this in chdir.)
	 */
	if (cwd[1] == ':')
	{
		if (cwd[0] >= 'a' && cwd[0] <= 'z')
			setdisk(cwd[0] - 'a');
		else if (cwd[0] >= 'A' && cwd[0] <= 'Z')
			setdisk(cwd[0] - 'A');
	}
#endif
#endif

	/*
	 * Reopen the current input file.
	 */
	reedit_ifile(save_ifile);

#if defined(SIGWINCH) || defined(SIGWIND)
	/*
	 * Since we were ignoring window change signals while we executed
	 * the system command, we must assume the window changed.
	 * Warning: this leaves a signal pending (in "sigs"),
	 * so psignals() should be called soon after lsystem().
	 */
	winch(0);
#endif
}

#endif

#if PIPEC

/*
 * Pipe a section of the input file into the given shell command.
 * The section to be piped is the section "between" the current
 * position and the position marked by the given letter.
 *
 * If the mark is after the current screen, the section between
 * the top line displayed and the mark is piped.
 * If the mark is before the current screen, the section between
 * the mark and the bottom line displayed is piped.
 * If the mark is on the current screen, or if the mark is ".",
 * the whole current screen is piped.
 */
	public int
pipe_mark(c, cmd)
	int c;
	char *cmd;
{
	POSITION mpos, tpos, bpos;

	/*
	 * mpos = the marked position.
	 * tpos = top of screen.
	 * bpos = bottom of screen.
	 */
	mpos = markpos(c);
	if (mpos == NULL_POSITION)
		return (-1);
	tpos = position(TOP);
	if (tpos == NULL_POSITION)
		tpos = ch_zero();
	bpos = position(BOTTOM);

 	if (c == '.') 
 		return (pipe_data(cmd, tpos, bpos));
 	else if (mpos <= tpos)
 		return (pipe_data(cmd, mpos, bpos));
 	else if (bpos == NULL_POSITION)
 		return (pipe_data(cmd, tpos, bpos));
 	else
 		return (pipe_data(cmd, tpos, mpos));
}

/*
 * Create a pipe to the given shell command.
 * Feed it the file contents between the positions spos and epos.
 */
	public int
pipe_data(cmd, spos, epos)
	char *cmd;
	POSITION spos;
	POSITION epos;
{
	register FILE *f;
	register int c;
	extern FILE *popen();

	/*
	 * This is structured much like lsystem().
	 * Since we're running a shell program, we must be careful
	 * to perform the necessary deinitialization before running
	 * the command, and reinitialization after it.
	 */
	if (ch_seek(spos) != 0)
	{
		error("Cannot seek to start position", NULL_PARG);
		return (-1);
	}

	if ((f = popen(cmd, "w")) == NULL)
	{
		error("Cannot create pipe", NULL_PARG);
		return (-1);
	}
	clear_bot();
	putstr("!");
	putstr(cmd);
	putstr("\n");

	deinit();
	flush();
	raw_mode(0);
	init_signals(0);
#if MSDOS_COMPILER==WIN32C
	close_getchr();
#endif
#ifdef SIGPIPE
	LSIGNAL(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
#endif

	c = EOI;
	while (epos == NULL_POSITION || spos++ <= epos)
	{
		/*
		 * Read a character from the file and give it to the pipe.
		 */
		c = ch_forw_get();
		if (c == EOI)
			break;
		if (putc(c, f) == EOF)
			break;
	}

	/*
	 * Finish up the last line.
	 */
 	while (c != '\n' && c != EOI ) 
 	{
 		c = ch_forw_get();
 		if (c == EOI)
 			break;
 		if (putc(c, f) == EOF)
 			break;
 	}

	pclose(f);

#ifdef SIGPIPE
	LSIGNAL(SIGPIPE, SIG_DFL);
#endif
#if MSDOS_COMPILER==WIN32C
	open_getchr();
#endif
	init_signals(1);
	raw_mode(1);
	init();
	screen_trashed = 1;
#if defined(SIGWINCH) || defined(SIGWIND)
	/* {{ Probably don't need this here. }} */
	winch(0);
#endif
	return (0);
}

#endif