File: popen.inc

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/*	$OpenBSD: popen.c,v 1.17 2005/08/08 08:05:34 espie Exp $ */
/*
 * Copyright (c) 1988, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software written by Ken Arnold and
 * published in UNIX Review, Vol. 6, No. 8.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <paths.h>

__RCSID("$MirOS: contrib/code/jupp/popen.inc,v 1.3 2005/09/22 20:40:00 tg Exp $");

static struct pid {
	struct pid *next;
	FILE *fp;
	pid_t pid;
} *pidlist;

FILE *
popen(const char *program, const char *type)
{
	struct pid * volatile cur;
	FILE *iop;
	int pdes[2];
	pid_t pid;

	if ((*type != 'r' && *type != 'w') || type[1] != '\0') {
		errno = EINVAL;
		return (NULL);
	}

	if ((cur = malloc(sizeof(struct pid))) == NULL)
		return (NULL);

	if (pipe(pdes) < 0) {
		free(cur);
		return (NULL);
	}

	switch (pid = vfork()) {
	case -1:			/* Error. */
		(void)close(pdes[0]);
		(void)close(pdes[1]);
		free(cur);
		return (NULL);
		/* NOTREACHED */
	case 0:				/* Child. */
	    {
		struct pid *pcur;
		/*
		 * because vfork() instead of fork(), must leak FILE *,
		 * but luckily we are terminally headed for an execl()
		 */
		for (pcur = pidlist; pcur; pcur = pcur->next)
			close(fileno(pcur->fp));

		if (*type == 'r') {
			int tpdes1 = pdes[1];

			(void) close(pdes[0]);
			/*
			 * We must NOT modify pdes, due to the
			 * semantics of vfork.
			 */
			if (tpdes1 != STDOUT_FILENO) {
				(void)dup2(tpdes1, STDOUT_FILENO);
				(void)close(tpdes1);
				tpdes1 = STDOUT_FILENO;
			}
		} else {
			(void)close(pdes[1]);
			if (pdes[0] != STDIN_FILENO) {
				(void)dup2(pdes[0], STDIN_FILENO);
				(void)close(pdes[0]);
			}
		}
		execl(_PATH_BSHELL, "sh", "-c", program, (char *)NULL);
		_exit(127);
		/* NOTREACHED */
	    }
	}

	/* Parent; assume fdopen can't fail. */
	if (*type == 'r') {
		iop = fdopen(pdes[0], type);
		(void)close(pdes[1]);
	} else {
		iop = fdopen(pdes[1], type);
		(void)close(pdes[0]);
	}

	/* Link into list of file descriptors. */
	cur->fp = iop;
	cur->pid =  pid;
	cur->next = pidlist;
	pidlist = cur;

	return (iop);
}

/*
 * pclose --
 *	Pclose returns -1 if stream is not associated with a `popened' command,
 *	if already `pclosed', or waitpid returns an error.
 */
int
pclose(FILE *iop)
{
	struct pid *cur, *last;
	int pstat;
	pid_t pid;

	/* Find the appropriate file pointer. */
	for (last = NULL, cur = pidlist; cur; last = cur, cur = cur->next)
		if (cur->fp == iop)
			break;

	if (cur == NULL)
		return (-1);

	(void)fclose(iop);

	do {
		pid = waitpid(cur->pid, &pstat, 0);
	} while (pid == -1 && errno == EINTR);

	/* Remove the entry from the linked list. */
	if (last == NULL)
		pidlist = cur->next;
	else
		last->next = cur->next;
	free(cur);

	return (pid == -1 ? -1 : pstat);
}