File: ktar.cpp

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/* This file is part of the KDE libraries
   Copyright (C) 2000 David Faure <faure@kde.org>
   Copyright (C) 2003 Leo Savernik <l.savernik@aon.at>

   This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
   License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.

   This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Library General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public License
   along with this library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, write to
   the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
   Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/

#include "ktar.h"

#include <stdlib.h> // strtol
#include <time.h> // time()
#include <assert.h>

#include <QtCore/QDir>
#include <QtCore/QFile>
#include <kdebug.h>
#include <kmimetype.h>
#include <ktemporaryfile.h>

#include <kfilterdev.h>
#include <kfilterbase.h>

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
/////////////////////////// KTar ///////////////////////////////////
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

// Mime types of known filters
static const char application_gzip[] = "application/x-gzip";
static const char application_bzip[] = "application/x-bzip";
static const char application_lzma[] = "application/x-lzma";
static const char application_xz[] = "application/x-xz";
static const char application_zip[] = "application/zip";

class KTar::KTarPrivate
{
public:
    KTarPrivate(KTar *parent)
      : q(parent),
        tarEnd( 0 ),
        tmpFile( 0 )
    {
    }

    KTar *q;
    QStringList dirList;
    qint64 tarEnd;
    KTemporaryFile* tmpFile;
    QString mimetype;
    QByteArray origFileName;

    bool fillTempFile(const QString & fileName);
    bool writeBackTempFile( const QString & fileName );
    void fillBuffer( char * buffer, const char * mode, qint64 size, time_t mtime,
                     char typeflag, const char * uname, const char * gname );
    void writeLonglink(char *buffer, const QByteArray &name, char typeflag,
                       const char *uname, const char *gname);
    qint64 readRawHeader(char *buffer);
    bool readLonglink(char *buffer, QByteArray &longlink);
    qint64 readHeader(char *buffer, QString &name, QString &symlink);
};

KTar::KTar( const QString& fileName, const QString & _mimetype )
    : KArchive( fileName ), d(new KTarPrivate(this))
{
    d->mimetype = _mimetype;
}

KTar::KTar( QIODevice * dev )
    : KArchive( dev ), d(new KTarPrivate(this))
{
    Q_ASSERT( dev );
}

// Only called when a filename was given
bool KTar::createDevice(QIODevice::OpenMode mode)
{
    if (d->mimetype.isEmpty()) {
        // Find out mimetype manually

        KMimeType::Ptr mime;
        if (mode != QIODevice::WriteOnly && QFile::exists(fileName())) {
            // Give priority to file contents: if someone renames a .tar.bz2 to .tar.gz,
            // we can still do the right thing here.
            mime = KMimeType::findByFileContent(fileName());
            if (mime == KMimeType::defaultMimeTypePtr()) {
                // Unable to determine mimetype from contents, get it from file name
                mime = KMimeType::findByPath(fileName(), 0, true);
            }
        } else {
            mime = KMimeType::findByPath(fileName(), 0, true);
        }

        //kDebug(7041) << mode << mime->name();

        if (mime->is(QString::fromLatin1("application/x-compressed-tar")) || mime->is(QString::fromLatin1(application_gzip))) {
            // gzipped tar file (with possibly invalid file name), ask for gzip filter
            d->mimetype = QString::fromLatin1(application_gzip);
        } else if (mime->is(QString::fromLatin1("application/x-bzip-compressed-tar")) || mime->is(QString::fromLatin1(application_bzip))) {
            // bzipped2 tar file (with possibly invalid file name), ask for bz2 filter
            d->mimetype = QString::fromLatin1(application_bzip);
        } else if (mime->is(QString::fromLatin1("application/x-lzma-compressed-tar")) || mime->is(QString::fromLatin1(application_lzma))) {
            // lzma compressed tar file (with possibly invalid file name), ask for xz filter
            d->mimetype = QString::fromLatin1(application_lzma);
        } else if (mime->is(QString::fromLatin1("application/x-xz-compressed-tar")) || mime->is(QString::fromLatin1(application_xz))) {
            // xz compressed tar file (with possibly invalid name), ask for xz filter
            d->mimetype = QString::fromLatin1(application_xz);
        }
    }

    if (d->mimetype == QLatin1String("application/x-tar")) {
        return KArchive::createDevice(mode);
    } else if (mode == QIODevice::WriteOnly) {
        if (!KArchive::createDevice(mode))
            return false;
        if (!d->mimetype.isEmpty()) {
            // Create a compression filter on top of the KSaveFile device that KArchive created.
            //kDebug(7041) << "creating KFilterDev for" << d->mimetype;
            QIODevice *filterDev = KFilterDev::device(device(), d->mimetype);
            Q_ASSERT(filterDev);
            setDevice(filterDev);
        }
        return true;
    } else {
        // The compression filters are very slow with random access.
        // So instead of applying the filter to the device,
        // the file is completely extracted instead,
        // and we work on the extracted tar file.
        // This improves the extraction speed by the tar ioslave dramatically,
        // if the archive file contains many files.
        // This is because the tar ioslave extracts one file after the other and normally
        // has to walk through the decompression filter each time.
        // Which is in fact nearly as slow as a complete decompression for each file.

        Q_ASSERT(!d->tmpFile);
        d->tmpFile = new KTemporaryFile();
        d->tmpFile->setPrefix(QLatin1String("ktar-"));
        d->tmpFile->setSuffix(QLatin1String(".tar"));
        d->tmpFile->open();
        //kDebug(7041) << "creating tempfile:" << d->tmpFile->fileName();

        setDevice(d->tmpFile);
        return true;
    }
}

KTar::~KTar()
{
    // mjarrett: Closes to prevent ~KArchive from aborting w/o device
    if( isOpen() )
        close();

    delete d->tmpFile;
    delete d;
}

void KTar::setOrigFileName( const QByteArray & fileName ) {
    if ( !isOpen() || !(mode() & QIODevice::WriteOnly) )
    {
        kWarning(7041) << "KTar::setOrigFileName: File must be opened for writing first.\n";
        return;
    }
    d->origFileName = fileName;
}

qint64 KTar::KTarPrivate::readRawHeader( char *buffer ) {
  // Read header
  qint64 n = q->device()->read( buffer, 0x200 );
  // we need to test if there is a prefix value because the file name can be null
  // and the prefix can have a value and in this case we don't reset n.
  if ( n == 0x200 && (buffer[0] != 0 || buffer[0x159] != 0) ) {
    // Make sure this is actually a tar header
    if (strncmp(buffer + 257, "ustar", 5)) {
      // The magic isn't there (broken/old tars), but maybe a correct checksum?

      // Checksum is supposed to be a sum of unsigned bytes but some
      // implementations sum signed chars. Therefore, just check both.
      int check_unsigned = 0, check_signed = 0;
      for( uint j = 0; j < 0x200; ++j ) {
        check_unsigned += (unsigned char) buffer[j];
        check_signed += buffer[j];
      }

      // adjust checksum to count the checksum fields as blanks
      for( uint j = 0; j < 8 /*size of the checksum field including the \0 and the space*/; j++ ) {
        check_unsigned -= (unsigned char) buffer[148 + j];
        check_signed -= buffer[148 + j];
      }
      check_unsigned += 8 * ' ';
      check_signed += 8 * ' ';

      QList<QByteArray> checks;
      checks << QByteArray::number( check_unsigned, 8 ); // octal
      if (check_unsigned != check_signed)
        checks << QByteArray::number( check_signed, 8 ); // octal

      bool checksum_ok = false;
      foreach (QByteArray s, checks) {
        // only compare those of the 6 checksum digits that mean something,
        // because the other digits are filled with all sorts of different chars by different tars ...
        // Some tars right-justify the checksum so it could start in one of three places - we have to check each.
        if ((checksum_ok = !strncmp( buffer + 148 + 6 - s.length(), s.data(), s.length() )
          || !strncmp( buffer + 148 + 7 - s.length(), s.data(), s.length() )
          || !strncmp( buffer + 148 + 8 - s.length(), s.data(), s.length() )))
            break;
      }
      if (!checksum_ok) {
        kWarning(7041) << "KTar: invalid TAR file. Header is:" << QByteArray( buffer+257, 5 )
                       << "instead of ustar. Reading from wrong pos in file?"
                       << "checksum=" << QByteArray( buffer + 148, 6 );
        return -1;
      }
    }/*end if*/
  } else {
    // reset to 0 if 0x200 because logical end of archive has been reached
    if (n == 0x200) n = 0;
  }/*end if*/
  return n;
}

bool KTar::KTarPrivate::readLonglink(char *buffer,QByteArray &longlink) {
  qint64 n = 0;
  //kDebug() << "reading longlink from pos " << q->device()->pos();
  QIODevice *dev = q->device();
  // read size of longlink from size field in header
  // size is in bytes including the trailing null (which we ignore)
  qint64 size = QByteArray( buffer + 0x7c, 12 ).trimmed().toLongLong( 0, 8 /*octal*/ );

  size--;    // ignore trailing null
  longlink.resize(size);
  qint64 offset = 0;
  while (size > 0) {
    int chunksize = qMin(size, 0x200LL);
    n = dev->read( longlink.data() + offset, chunksize );
    if (n == -1) return false;
    size -= chunksize;
    offset += 0x200;
  }/*wend*/
  // jump over the rest
  const int skip = 0x200 - (n % 0x200);
  if (skip <= 0x200) {
    if (dev->read(buffer,skip) != skip)
        return false;
  }
  return true;
}

qint64 KTar::KTarPrivate::readHeader( char *buffer, QString &name, QString &symlink ) {
  name.truncate(0);
  symlink.truncate(0);
  while (true) {
    qint64 n = readRawHeader(buffer);
    if (n != 0x200) return n;

    // is it a longlink?
    if (strcmp(buffer,"././@LongLink") == 0) {
      char typeflag = buffer[0x9c];
      QByteArray longlink;
      readLonglink(buffer,longlink);
      switch (typeflag) {
        case 'L': name = QFile::decodeName(longlink); break;
        case 'K': symlink = QFile::decodeName(longlink); break;
      }/*end switch*/
    } else {
      break;
    }/*end if*/
  }/*wend*/

  // if not result of longlink, read names directly from the header
  if (name.isEmpty())
    // there are names that are exactly 100 bytes long
    // and neither longlink nor \0 terminated (bug:101472)
    name = QFile::decodeName(QByteArray(buffer, 100));
  if (symlink.isEmpty())
      symlink = QFile::decodeName(QByteArray(buffer + 0x9d /*?*/, 100));

  return 0x200;
}

/*
 * If we have created a temporary file, we have
 * to decompress the original file now and write
 * the contents to the temporary file.
 */
bool KTar::KTarPrivate::fillTempFile( const QString & fileName) {
    if ( ! tmpFile )
        return true;

    //kDebug(7041) << "filling tmpFile of mimetype" << mimetype;

    bool forced = false;
    if ( QLatin1String(application_gzip) == mimetype || QLatin1String(application_bzip) == mimetype )
        forced = true;

    QIODevice *filterDev = KFilterDev::deviceForFile( fileName, mimetype, forced );

    if( filterDev ) {
        QFile* file = tmpFile;
        Q_ASSERT(file->isOpen());
        Q_ASSERT(file->openMode() & QIODevice::WriteOnly);
        file->seek(0);
        QByteArray buffer;
        buffer.resize(8*1024);
        if ( ! filterDev->open( QIODevice::ReadOnly ) )
        {
            delete filterDev;
            return false;
        }
        qint64 len = -1;
        while ( !filterDev->atEnd() && len != 0 ) {
            len = filterDev->read(buffer.data(),buffer.size());
            if ( len < 0 ) { // corrupted archive
                delete filterDev;
                return false;
            }
            if ( file->write(buffer.data(), len) != len ) { // disk full
                delete filterDev;
                return false;
            }
        }
        filterDev->close();
        delete filterDev;

        file->flush();
        file->seek(0);
        Q_ASSERT(file->isOpen());
        Q_ASSERT(file->openMode() & QIODevice::ReadOnly);
    } else {
        kDebug(7041) << "no filterdevice found!";
    }

    //kDebug( 7041 ) << "filling tmpFile finished.";
    return true;
}

bool KTar::openArchive( QIODevice::OpenMode mode ) {

    if ( !(mode & QIODevice::ReadOnly) )
        return true;

    if ( !d->fillTempFile( fileName() ) )
        return false;

    // We'll use the permission and user/group of d->rootDir
    // for any directory we emulate (see findOrCreate)
    //struct stat buf;
    //stat( fileName(), &buf );

    d->dirList.clear();
    QIODevice* dev = device();

    if ( !dev )
        return false;

    // read dir information
    char buffer[ 0x200 ];
    bool ende = false;
    do
    {
        QString name;
        QString symlink;

        // Read header
        qint64 n = d->readHeader( buffer, name, symlink );
        if (n < 0) return false;
        if (n == 0x200)
        {
            bool isdir = false;

            if ( name.endsWith( QLatin1Char( '/' ) ) )
            {
                isdir = true;
                name.truncate( name.length() - 1 );
            }

            QByteArray prefix = QByteArray(buffer + 0x159, 155);
            if (prefix[0] != '\0') {
                name = (QString::fromLatin1(prefix.constData()) + QLatin1Char('/') +  name);
            }

            int pos = name.lastIndexOf( QLatin1Char('/') );
            QString nm = ( pos == -1 ) ? name : name.mid( pos + 1 );

            // read access
            buffer[ 0x6b ] = 0;
            char *dummy;
            const char* p = buffer + 0x64;
            while( *p == ' ' ) ++p;
            int access = (int)strtol( p, &dummy, 8 );

            // read user and group
            QString user = QString::fromLocal8Bit( buffer + 0x109 );
            QString group = QString::fromLocal8Bit( buffer + 0x129 );

            // read time
            buffer[ 0x93 ] = 0;
            p = buffer + 0x88;
            while( *p == ' ' ) ++p;
            int time = (int)strtol( p, &dummy, 8 );

            // read type flag
            char typeflag = buffer[ 0x9c ];
            // '0' for files, '1' hard link, '2' symlink, '5' for directory
            // (and 'L' for longlink fileNames, 'K' for longlink symlink targets)
            // 'D' for GNU tar extension DUMPDIR, 'x' for Extended header referring
            // to the next file in the archive and 'g' for Global extended header

            if ( typeflag == '5' )
                isdir = true;

            bool isDumpDir = false;
            if ( typeflag == 'D' )
            {
                isdir = false;
                isDumpDir = true;
            }
            //kDebug(7041) << nm << "isdir=" << isdir << "pos=" << dev->pos() << "typeflag=" << typeflag << " islink=" << ( typeflag == '1' || typeflag == '2' );

            if (typeflag == 'x' || typeflag == 'g') { // pax extended header, or pax global extended header
                // Skip it for now. TODO: implement reading of extended header, as per http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/utilities/pax.html
                (void)dev->read( buffer, 0x200 );
                continue;
            }

            if (isdir)
                access |= S_IFDIR; // f*cking broken tar files

            KArchiveEntry* e;
            if ( isdir )
            {
                //kDebug(7041) << "directory" << nm;
                e = new KArchiveDirectory( this, nm, access, time, user, group, symlink );
            }
            else
            {
                // read size
                QByteArray sizeBuffer( buffer + 0x7c, 12 );
                qint64 size = sizeBuffer.trimmed().toLongLong( 0, 8 /*octal*/ );
                //kDebug(7041) << "sizeBuffer='" << sizeBuffer << "' -> size=" << size;

                // for isDumpDir we will skip the additional info about that dirs contents
                if ( isDumpDir )
                {
                    //kDebug(7041) << nm << "isDumpDir";
                    e = new KArchiveDirectory( this, nm, access, time, user, group, symlink );
                }
                else
                {

                    // Let's hack around hard links. Our classes don't support that, so make them symlinks
                    if ( typeflag == '1' )
                    {
                        kDebug(7041) << "Hard link, setting size to 0 instead of" << size;
                        size = 0; // no contents
                    }

                    //kDebug(7041) << "file" << nm << "size=" << size;
                    e = new KArchiveFile( this, nm, access, time, user, group, symlink,
                                          dev->pos(), size );
                }

                // Skip contents + align bytes
                qint64 rest = size % 0x200;
                qint64 skip = size + (rest ? 0x200 - rest : 0);
                //kDebug(7041) << "pos()=" << dev->pos() << "rest=" << rest << "skipping" << skip;
                if (! dev->seek( dev->pos() + skip ) )
                    kWarning(7041) << "skipping" << skip << "failed";
            }

            if ( pos == -1 )
            {
                if (nm == QLatin1String(".")) { // special case
                    Q_ASSERT( isdir );
                    if (isdir) {
                        setRootDir( static_cast<KArchiveDirectory *>( e ) );
                    }
                } else {
                    rootDir()->addEntry( e );
                }
            }
            else
            {
                // In some tar files we can find dir/./file => call cleanPath
                QString path = QDir::cleanPath( name.left( pos ) );
                // Ensure container directory exists, create otherwise
                KArchiveDirectory * d = findOrCreate( path );
                d->addEntry( e );
            }
        }
        else
        {
            //qDebug("Terminating. Read %d bytes, first one is %d", n, buffer[0]);
            d->tarEnd = dev->pos() - n; // Remember end of archive
            ende = true;
        }
    } while( !ende );
    return true;
}

/*
 * Writes back the changes of the temporary file
 * to the original file.
 * Must only be called if in write mode, not in read mode
 */
bool KTar::KTarPrivate::writeBackTempFile( const QString & fileName )
{
    if ( !tmpFile )
        return true;

    //kDebug(7041) << "Write temporary file to compressed file" << fileName << mimetype;

    bool forced = false;
    if (QLatin1String(application_gzip) == mimetype || QLatin1String(application_bzip) == mimetype ||
        QLatin1String(application_lzma) == mimetype || QLatin1String(application_xz) == mimetype)
        forced = true;

    // #### TODO this should use KSaveFile to avoid problems on disk full
    // (KArchive uses KSaveFile by default, but the temp-uncompressed-file trick
    // circumvents that).

    QIODevice *dev = KFilterDev::deviceForFile( fileName, mimetype, forced );
    if( dev ) {
        QFile* file = tmpFile;
        if ( !dev->open(QIODevice::WriteOnly) )
        {
            file->close();
            delete dev;
            return false;
        }
        if ( forced )
            static_cast<KFilterDev *>(dev)->setOrigFileName( origFileName );
        file->seek(0);
        QByteArray buffer;
        buffer.resize(8*1024);
        qint64 len;
        while ( !file->atEnd()) {
            len = file->read(buffer.data(), buffer.size());
            dev->write(buffer.data(),len); // TODO error checking
        }
        file->close();
        dev->close();
        delete dev;
    }

    //kDebug(7041) << "Write temporary file to compressed file done.";
    return true;
}

bool KTar::closeArchive() {
    d->dirList.clear();

    bool ok = true;

    // If we are in readwrite mode and had created
    // a temporary tar file, we have to write
    // back the changes to the original file
    if (d->tmpFile && (mode() & QIODevice::WriteOnly)) {
        ok = d->writeBackTempFile( fileName() );
        delete d->tmpFile;
        d->tmpFile = 0;
        setDevice(0);
    }

    return ok;
}

bool KTar::doFinishWriting( qint64 size ) {
    // Write alignment
    int rest = size % 0x200;
    if ( ( mode() & QIODevice::ReadWrite ) == QIODevice::ReadWrite )
        d->tarEnd = device()->pos() + (rest ? 0x200 - rest : 0); // Record our new end of archive
    if ( rest )
    {
        char buffer[ 0x201 ];
        for( uint i = 0; i < 0x200; ++i )
            buffer[i] = 0;
        qint64 nwritten = device()->write( buffer, 0x200 - rest );
        return nwritten == 0x200 - rest;
    }
    return true;
}

/*** Some help from the tar sources
struct posix_header
{                               byte offset
  char name[100];               *   0 *     0x0
  char mode[8];                 * 100 *     0x64
  char uid[8];                  * 108 *     0x6c
  char gid[8];                  * 116 *     0x74
  char size[12];                * 124 *     0x7c
  char mtime[12];               * 136 *     0x88
  char chksum[8];               * 148 *     0x94
  char typeflag;                * 156 *     0x9c
  char linkname[100];           * 157 *     0x9d
  char magic[6];                * 257 *     0x101
  char version[2];              * 263 *     0x107
  char uname[32];               * 265 *     0x109
  char gname[32];               * 297 *     0x129
  char devmajor[8];             * 329 *     0x149
  char devminor[8];             * 337 *     ...
  char prefix[155];             * 345 *
                                * 500 *
};
*/

void KTar::KTarPrivate::fillBuffer( char * buffer,
                                    const char * mode, qint64 size, time_t mtime, char typeflag,
                                    const char * uname, const char * gname ) {
  // mode (as in stpos())
  assert( strlen(mode) == 6 );
  memcpy( buffer+0x64, mode, 6 );
  buffer[ 0x6a ] = ' ';
  buffer[ 0x6b ] = '\0';

  // dummy uid
  strcpy( buffer + 0x6c, "   765 ");
  // dummy gid
  strcpy( buffer + 0x74, "   144 ");

  // size
  QByteArray s = QByteArray::number( size, 8 ); // octal
  s = s.rightJustified( 11, '0' );
  memcpy( buffer + 0x7c, s.data(), 11 );
  buffer[ 0x87 ] = ' '; // space-terminate (no null after)

  // modification time
  s = QByteArray::number( static_cast<qulonglong>(mtime), 8 ); // octal
  s = s.rightJustified( 11, '0' );
  memcpy( buffer + 0x88, s.data(), 11 );
  buffer[ 0x93 ] = ' '; // space-terminate (no null after) -- well current tar writes a null byte

  // spaces, replaced by the check sum later
  buffer[ 0x94 ] = 0x20;
  buffer[ 0x95 ] = 0x20;
  buffer[ 0x96 ] = 0x20;
  buffer[ 0x97 ] = 0x20;
  buffer[ 0x98 ] = 0x20;
  buffer[ 0x99 ] = 0x20;

  /* From the tar sources :
     Fill in the checksum field.  It's formatted differently from the
     other fields: it has [6] digits, a null, then a space -- rather than
     digits, a space, then a null. */

  buffer[ 0x9a ] = '\0';
  buffer[ 0x9b ] = ' ';

  // type flag (dir, file, link)
  buffer[ 0x9c ] = typeflag;

  // magic + version
  strcpy( buffer + 0x101, "ustar");
  strcpy( buffer + 0x107, "00" );

  // user
  strcpy( buffer + 0x109, uname );
  // group
  strcpy( buffer + 0x129, gname );

  // For checksumming purposes, all checksum[8] bytes must be 0x20. The 7th
  // checksum byte (0x9a) byte is initialized to 0 above hence initialize
  // 'check' value to 0x20 in order to compensate for that.
  int check = 0x20;
  for( uint j = 0; j < 0x200; ++j )
    check += (unsigned char) buffer[j]; // checksum must use unsigned arithmetic
  s = QByteArray::number( check, 8 ); // octal
  s = s.rightJustified( 6, '0' );
  memcpy( buffer + 0x94, s.constData(), 6 );
}

void KTar::KTarPrivate::writeLonglink(char *buffer, const QByteArray &name, char typeflag,
                                      const char *uname, const char *gname) {
  strcpy( buffer, "././@LongLink" );
  qint64 namelen = name.length() + 1;
  fillBuffer( buffer, "     0", namelen, 0, typeflag, uname, gname );
  q->device()->write( buffer, 0x200 ); // TODO error checking
  qint64 offset = 0;
  while (namelen > 0) {
    int chunksize = qMin(namelen, 0x200LL);
    memcpy(buffer, name.data()+offset, chunksize);
    // write long name
    q->device()->write( buffer, 0x200 ); // TODO error checking
    // not even needed to reclear the buffer, tar doesn't do it
    namelen -= chunksize;
    offset += 0x200;
  }/*wend*/
}

bool KTar::doPrepareWriting(const QString &name, const QString &user,
                          const QString &group, qint64 size, mode_t perm,
                          time_t /*atime*/, time_t mtime, time_t /*ctime*/) {
    if ( !isOpen() )
    {
        kWarning(7041) << "You must open the tar file before writing to it\n";
        return false;
    }

    if ( !(mode() & QIODevice::WriteOnly) )
    {
        kWarning(7041) << "You must open the tar file for writing\n";
        return false;
    }

    // In some tar files we can find dir/./file => call cleanPath
    QString fileName ( QDir::cleanPath( name ) );

    /*
      // Create toplevel dirs
      // Commented out by David since it's not necessary, and if anybody thinks it is,
      // he needs to implement a findOrCreate equivalent in writeDir.
      // But as KTar and the "tar" program both handle tar files without
      // dir entries, there's really no need for that
      QString tmp ( fileName );
      int i = tmp.lastIndexOf( '/' );
      if ( i != -1 )
      {
      QString d = tmp.left( i + 1 ); // contains trailing slash
      if ( !m_dirList.contains( d ) )
      {
      tmp = tmp.mid( i + 1 );
      writeDir( d, user, group ); // WARNING : this one doesn't create its toplevel dirs
      }
      }
    */

    char buffer[ 0x201 ];
    memset( buffer, 0, 0x200 );
    if ( ( mode() & QIODevice::ReadWrite ) == QIODevice::ReadWrite )
        device()->seek(d->tarEnd); // Go to end of archive as might have moved with a read

    // provide converted stuff we need later on
    const QByteArray encodedFileName = QFile::encodeName(fileName);
    const QByteArray uname = user.toLocal8Bit();
    const QByteArray gname = group.toLocal8Bit();

    // If more than 100 chars, we need to use the LongLink trick
    if ( encodedFileName.length() > 99 )
        d->writeLonglink(buffer,encodedFileName,'L',uname,gname);

    // Write (potentially truncated) name
    strncpy( buffer, encodedFileName, 99 );
    buffer[99] = 0;
    // zero out the rest (except for what gets filled anyways)
    memset(buffer+0x9d, 0, 0x200 - 0x9d);

    QByteArray permstr = QByteArray::number( (unsigned int)perm, 8 );
    permstr = permstr.rightJustified(6, '0');
    d->fillBuffer(buffer, permstr, size, mtime, 0x30, uname, gname);

    // Write header
    return device()->write( buffer, 0x200 ) == 0x200;
}

bool KTar::doWriteDir(const QString &name, const QString &user,
                      const QString &group, mode_t perm,
                      time_t /*atime*/, time_t mtime, time_t /*ctime*/) {
    if ( !isOpen() )
    {
        kWarning(7041) << "You must open the tar file before writing to it\n";
        return false;
    }

    if ( !(mode() & QIODevice::WriteOnly) )
    {
        kWarning(7041) << "You must open the tar file for writing\n";
        return false;
    }

    // In some tar files we can find dir/./ => call cleanPath
    QString dirName ( QDir::cleanPath( name ) );

    // Need trailing '/'
    if ( !dirName.endsWith( QLatin1Char( '/' ) ) )
        dirName += QLatin1Char( '/' );

    if ( d->dirList.contains( dirName ) )
        return true; // already there

    char buffer[ 0x201 ];
    memset( buffer, 0, 0x200 );
    if ( ( mode() & QIODevice::ReadWrite ) == QIODevice::ReadWrite )
        device()->seek(d->tarEnd); // Go to end of archive as might have moved with a read

    // provide converted stuff we need lateron
    QByteArray encodedDirname = QFile::encodeName(dirName);
    QByteArray uname = user.toLocal8Bit();
    QByteArray gname = group.toLocal8Bit();

    // If more than 100 chars, we need to use the LongLink trick
    if ( encodedDirname.length() > 99 )
        d->writeLonglink(buffer,encodedDirname,'L',uname,gname);

    // Write (potentially truncated) name
    strncpy( buffer, encodedDirname, 99 );
    buffer[99] = 0;
    // zero out the rest (except for what gets filled anyways)
    memset(buffer+0x9d, 0, 0x200 - 0x9d);

    QByteArray permstr = QByteArray::number( (unsigned int)perm, 8 );
    permstr = permstr.rightJustified(6, ' ');
    d->fillBuffer( buffer, permstr, 0, mtime, 0x35, uname, gname);

    // Write header
    device()->write( buffer, 0x200 );
    if ( ( mode() & QIODevice::ReadWrite ) == QIODevice::ReadWrite )
        d->tarEnd = device()->pos();

    d->dirList.append( dirName ); // contains trailing slash
    return true; // TODO if wanted, better error control
}

bool KTar::doWriteSymLink(const QString &name, const QString &target,
                        const QString &user, const QString &group,
                        mode_t perm, time_t /*atime*/, time_t mtime, time_t /*ctime*/) {
    if ( !isOpen() )
    {
        kWarning(7041) << "You must open the tar file before writing to it\n";
        return false;
    }

    if ( !(mode() & QIODevice::WriteOnly) )
    {
        kWarning(7041) << "You must open the tar file for writing\n";
        return false;
    }

    // In some tar files we can find dir/./file => call cleanPath
    QString fileName ( QDir::cleanPath( name ) );

    char buffer[ 0x201 ];
    memset( buffer, 0, 0x200 );
    if ( ( mode() & QIODevice::ReadWrite ) == QIODevice::ReadWrite )
        device()->seek(d->tarEnd); // Go to end of archive as might have moved with a read

    // provide converted stuff we need lateron
    QByteArray encodedFileName = QFile::encodeName(fileName);
    QByteArray encodedTarget = QFile::encodeName(target);
    QByteArray uname = user.toLocal8Bit();
    QByteArray gname = group.toLocal8Bit();

    // If more than 100 chars, we need to use the LongLink trick
    if (encodedTarget.length() > 99)
        d->writeLonglink(buffer,encodedTarget,'K',uname,gname);
    if ( encodedFileName.length() > 99 )
        d->writeLonglink(buffer,encodedFileName,'L',uname,gname);

    // Write (potentially truncated) name
    strncpy( buffer, encodedFileName, 99 );
    buffer[99] = 0;
    // Write (potentially truncated) symlink target
    strncpy(buffer+0x9d, encodedTarget, 99);
    buffer[0x9d+99] = 0;
    // zero out the rest
    memset(buffer+0x9d+100, 0, 0x200 - 100 - 0x9d);

    QByteArray permstr = QByteArray::number( (unsigned int)perm, 8 );
    permstr = permstr.rightJustified(6, ' ');
    d->fillBuffer(buffer, permstr, 0, mtime, 0x32, uname, gname);

    // Write header
    bool retval = device()->write( buffer, 0x200 ) == 0x200;
    if ( ( mode() & QIODevice::ReadWrite ) == QIODevice::ReadWrite )
        d->tarEnd = device()->pos();
    return retval;
}

void KTar::virtual_hook( int id, void* data ) {
    KArchive::virtual_hook( id, data );
}