File: nogc.d

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/**
 * Compiler implementation of the
 * $(LINK2 http://www.dlang.org, D programming language).
 *
 * Copyright:   Copyright (C) 1999-2018 by The D Language Foundation, All Rights Reserved
 * Authors:     $(LINK2 http://www.digitalmars.com, Walter Bright)
 * License:     $(LINK2 http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt, Boost License 1.0)
 * Source:      $(LINK2 https://github.com/dlang/dmd/blob/master/src/dmd/nogc.d, _nogc.d)
 * Documentation:  https://dlang.org/phobos/dmd_nogc.html
 * Coverage:    https://codecov.io/gh/dlang/dmd/src/master/src/dmd/nogc.d
 */

module dmd.nogc;

import dmd.aggregate;
import dmd.apply;
import dmd.declaration;
import dmd.dscope;
import dmd.expression;
import dmd.func;
import dmd.globals;
import dmd.init;
import dmd.mtype;
import dmd.tokens;
import dmd.visitor;

/**************************************
 * Look for GC-allocations
 */
extern (C++) final class NOGCVisitor : StoppableVisitor
{
    alias visit = typeof(super).visit;
public:
    FuncDeclaration f;
    bool err;

    extern (D) this(FuncDeclaration f)
    {
        this.f = f;
    }

    void doCond(Expression exp)
    {
        if (exp)
            walkPostorder(exp, this);
    }

    override void visit(Expression e)
    {
    }

    override void visit(DeclarationExp e)
    {
        // Note that, walkPostorder does not support DeclarationExp today.
        VarDeclaration v = e.declaration.isVarDeclaration();
        if (v && !(v.storage_class & STC.manifest) && !v.isDataseg() && v._init)
        {
            if (ExpInitializer ei = v._init.isExpInitializer())
            {
                doCond(ei.exp);
            }
        }
    }

    override void visit(CallExp e)
    {
    }

    override void visit(ArrayLiteralExp e)
    {
        if (e.type.ty != Tarray || !e.elements || !e.elements.dim)
            return;
        if (f.setGC())
        {
            e.error("array literal in `@nogc` %s `%s` may cause a GC allocation",
                f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
            err = true;
            return;
        }
        f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "array literal may cause a GC allocation");
    }

    override void visit(AssocArrayLiteralExp e)
    {
        if (!e.keys.dim)
            return;
        if (f.setGC())
        {
            e.error("associative array literal in `@nogc` %s `%s` may cause a GC allocation",
                f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
            err = true;
            return;
        }
        f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "associative array literal may cause a GC allocation");
    }

    override void visit(NewExp e)
    {
        if (e.member && !e.member.isNogc() && f.setGC())
        {
            // @nogc-ness is already checked in NewExp::semantic
            return;
        }
        if (e.onstack)
            return;
        if (e.allocator)
            return;
        if (global.params.ehnogc && e.thrownew)
            return;                     // separate allocator is called for this, not the GC
        if (f.setGC())
        {
            e.error("cannot use `new` in `@nogc` %s `%s`",
                f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
            err = true;
            return;
        }
        f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "`new` causes a GC allocation");
    }

    override void visit(DeleteExp e)
    {
        if (e.e1.op == TOK.variable)
        {
            VarDeclaration v = (cast(VarExp)e.e1).var.isVarDeclaration();
            if (v && v.onstack)
                return; // delete for scope allocated class object
        }

        Type tb = e.e1.type.toBasetype();
        AggregateDeclaration ad = null;
        switch (tb.ty)
        {
        case Tclass:
            ad = (cast(TypeClass)tb).sym;
            break;

        case Tpointer:
            tb = (cast(TypePointer)tb).next.toBasetype();
            if (tb.ty == Tstruct)
                ad = (cast(TypeStruct)tb).sym;
            break;

        default:
            break;
        }
        if (ad && ad.aggDelete)
            return;

        if (f.setGC())
        {
            e.error("cannot use `delete` in `@nogc` %s `%s`",
                f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
            err = true;
            return;
        }
        f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "`delete` requires the GC");
    }

    override void visit(IndexExp e)
    {
        Type t1b = e.e1.type.toBasetype();
        if (t1b.ty == Taarray)
        {
            if (f.setGC())
            {
                e.error("indexing an associative array in `@nogc` %s `%s` may cause a GC allocation",
                    f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
                err = true;
                return;
            }
            f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "indexing an associative array may cause a GC allocation");
        }
    }

    override void visit(AssignExp e)
    {
        if (e.e1.op == TOK.arrayLength)
        {
            if (f.setGC())
            {
                e.error("setting `length` in `@nogc` %s `%s` may cause a GC allocation",
                    f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
                err = true;
                return;
            }
            f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "setting `length` may cause a GC allocation");
        }
    }

    override void visit(CatAssignExp e)
    {
        if (f.setGC())
        {
            e.error("cannot use operator `~=` in `@nogc` %s `%s`",
                f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
            err = true;
            return;
        }
        f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "operator `~=` may cause a GC allocation");
    }

    override void visit(CatExp e)
    {
        if (f.setGC())
        {
            e.error("cannot use operator `~` in `@nogc` %s `%s`",
                f.kind(), f.toPrettyChars());
            err = true;
            return;
        }
        f.printGCUsage(e.loc, "operator `~` may cause a GC allocation");
    }
}

extern (C++) Expression checkGC(Scope* sc, Expression e)
{
    FuncDeclaration f = sc.func;
    if (e && e.op != TOK.error && f && sc.intypeof != 1 && !(sc.flags & SCOPE.ctfe) &&
           (f.type.ty == Tfunction &&
            (cast(TypeFunction)f.type).isnogc || (f.flags & FUNCFLAG.nogcInprocess) || global.params.vgc) &&
           !(sc.flags & SCOPE.debug_))
    {
        scope NOGCVisitor gcv = new NOGCVisitor(f);
        walkPostorder(e, gcv);
        if (gcv.err)
            return new ErrorExp();
    }
    return e;
}