File: wildmat.c

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#include "leafnode.h"

#ifdef WITH_DMALLOC
#include <dmalloc.h>
#endif

/**************************************************************************/
/*
 * The following routines comprise the wildmat routine. Written by
 * Rich $alz, taken vom INN 2.2.2
 */

/*
**
**  Do shell-style pattern matching for ?, \, [], and * characters.
**  Might not be robust in face of malformed patterns; e.g., "foo[a-"
**  could cause a segmentation violation.  It is 8bit clean.
**
**  Written by Rich $alz, mirror!rs, Wed Nov 26 19:03:17 EST 1986.
**  Rich $alz is now <rsalz@osf.org>.
**  April, 1991:  Replaced mutually-recursive calls with in-line code
**  for the star character.
**
**  Special thanks to Lars Mathiesen <thorinn@diku.dk> for the ABORT code.
**  This can greatly speed up failing wildcard patterns.  For example:
**	pattern: -*-*-*-*-*-*-12-*-*-*-m-*-*-*
**	text 1:	 -adobe-courier-bold-o-normal--12-120-75-75-m-70-iso8859-1
**	text 2:	 -adobe-courier-bold-o-normal--12-120-75-75-X-70-iso8859-1
**  Text 1 matches with 51 calls, while text 2 fails with 54 calls.  Without
**  the ABORT code, it takes 22310 calls to fail.  Ugh.  The following
**  explanation is from Lars:
**  The precondition that must be fulfilled is that DoMatch will consume
**  at least one character in text.  This is true if *p is neither '*' nor
**  '\0'.)  The last return has ABORT instead of FALSE to avoid quadratic
**  behaviour in cases like pattern "*a*b*c*d" with text "abcxxxxx".  With
**  FALSE, each star-loop has to run to the end of the text; with ABORT
**  only the last one does.
**
**  Once the control of one instance of DoMatch enters the star-loop, that
**  instance will return either TRUE or ABORT, and any calling instance
**  will therefore return immediately after (without calling recursively
**  again).  In effect, only one star-loop is ever active.  It would be
**  possible to modify the code to maintain this context explicitly,
**  eliminating all recursive calls at the cost of some complication and
**  loss of clarity (and the ABORT stuff seems to be unclear enough by
**  itself).  I think it would be unwise to try to get this into a
**  released version unless you have a good test data base to try it out
**  on.
*/
/* YOU MUST NOT DEFINE ABORT TO 1, LEAVE AT -1 (would collide with TRUE)
 */
#define ABORT			-1
    /* What character marks an inverted character class? */
#define NEGATE_CLASS		'^'
    /* Is "*" a common pattern? */
#define OPTIMIZE_JUST_STAR
    /* Do tar(1) matching rules, which ignore a trailing slash? */
#undef MATCH_TAR_PATTERN
/*
 *  Match text and p, return TRUE (match), FALSE (no match), or ABORT
 *  (quick, no match).  */
static int
DoMatch(const char *text, const char *p)
{
    int last;
    int matched;
    int reverse;

    for (; *p; text++, p++) {
	if (*text == '\0' && *p != '*')
	    return ABORT;
	switch (*p) {
	case '\\':
	    /* Literal match with following character. */
	    p++;
	    /* FALLTHROUGH */
	default:
	    if (*text != *p)
		return FALSE;
	    continue;
	case '?':
	    /* Match anything. */
	    continue;
	case '*':
	    while (*++p == '*')
		/* Consecutive stars act just like one. */
		continue;
	    if (*p == '\0')
		/* Trailing star matches everything. */
		return TRUE;
	    while (*text)
		if ((matched = DoMatch(text++, p)))
		    return matched;
	    return ABORT;
	case '[':
	    reverse = p[1] == NEGATE_CLASS ? TRUE : FALSE;
	    if (reverse)
		/* Inverted character class. */
		p++;
	    matched = FALSE;
	    if (p[1] == ']' || p[1] == '-')
		if (*++p == *text)
		    matched = TRUE;
	    for (last = *p; *++p && *p != ']'; last = *p)
		/* This next line requires a good C compiler. */
		if (*p == '-' && p[1] != ']'
		    ? *text <= *++p && *text >= last : *text == *p)
		    matched = TRUE;
	    if (matched == reverse)
		return FALSE;
	    continue;
	}
    }
#ifdef	MATCH_TAR_PATTERN
    if (*text == '/')
	return TRUE;
#endif				/* MATCH_TAR_PATTERN */
    return *text == '\0';
}

/*
**  User-level routine.  Returns TRUE or FALSE.
**  This routine was borrowed from Rich Salz and appeared first in INN.
*/
int
wildmat(const char *text, const char *p)
{
#ifdef	OPTIMIZE_JUST_STAR
    if (p[0] == '*' && p[1] == '\0')
	return TRUE;
#endif				/* OPTIMIZE_JUST_STAR */
    return (DoMatch(text, p) == TRUE) ? TRUE : FALSE;
}

#ifdef	TEST
#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
{
    char	 p[8000]; /* RATS: ignore */
    char	 text[8000]; /* RATS: ignore */

    printf("Wildmat tester.  Enter pattern, then strings to test.\n");
    printf("A blank line gets prompts for a new pattern; a blank pattern\n");
    printf("exits the program.\n");

    for ( ; ; ) {
	printf("\nEnter pattern:  ");
	(void)fflush(stdout);
	if (fgets(p, sizeof(p), stdin) == NULL || p[0] == '\n' || !*p)
	    break;
	for ( ; ; ) {
	    printf("Enter text:  ");
	    (void)fflush(stdout);
	    if (fgets(text, sizeof(text), stdin) == NULL)
		exit(0);
	    if (text[0] == '\n' || !*p)
		/* Blank line; go back and get a new pattern. */
		break;
	    printf("      %s\n", wildmat(text, p) ? "YES" : "NO");
	}
    }

    exit(0);
    /* NOTREACHED */
}
#endif	/* TEST */