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<div class="document">
<div class="contents topic" id="top-level-contents">
<p class="topic-title"><a name="top-level-contents">Top Level Contents</a></p>
<ul class="simple">
<li><a class="reference" href="#setting-up-a-server" id="id3" name="id3">Setting up a server</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#setting-up-a-terminal" id="id4" name="id4">Setting up a terminal</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#transcripts-of-irc-chats-with-vagrant" id="id5" name="id5">Transcripts of irc chats with vagrant</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#other-tips" id="id6" name="id6">Other Tips</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#web-access-to-a-terminal" id="id7" name="id7">Web access to a terminal</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#more-informtion" id="id8" name="id8">More Informtion</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#glossary" id="id9" name="id9">Glossary</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#installing-debian" id="id10" name="id10">Installing Debian</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="setting-up-a-server">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id3" name="setting-up-a-server">Setting up a server</a></h2>
<div class="contents topic" id="contents">
<ul class="simple">
<li><a class="reference" href="#configure-apt-get" id="id11" name="id11">Configure apt-get</a><ul>
<li><a class="reference" href="#tips" id="id12" name="id12">Tips</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#update-apt-get" id="id13" name="id13">Update apt-get</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#download-lessdisks" id="id14" name="id14">Download lessdisks</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-lessdisks" id="id15" name="id15">Install lessdisks</a><ul>
<li><a class="reference" href="#add-user-to-lessdisks-group" id="id16" name="id16">Add user to lessdisks group</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configure-etc-exports" id="id17" name="id17">Configure /etc/exports</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-dhcp" id="id18" name="id18">Install dhcp</a><ul>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configure-etc-dhcpd-conf" id="id19" name="id19">Configure /etc/dhcpd.conf</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#enable-remote-logging" id="id20" name="id20">Enable remote logging</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-sdm" id="id21" name="id21">Install sdm</a><ul>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configuring-ssh-dialogs" id="id22" name="id22">Configuring Ssh dialogs</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configure-ssh" id="id23" name="id23">Configure ssh</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-sdm-terminal" id="id24" name="id24">Install sdm-terminal</a><ul>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configure-sdm-terminal" id="id25" name="id25">Configure sdm-terminal</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-an-x-server-for-your-video-card" id="id26" name="id26">Install an X server for your video card</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-xdialog-on-the-server-and-terminal" id="id27" name="id27">Install xdialog on the server and terminal</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-dialog-on-the-terminal" id="id28" name="id28">Install dialog on the terminal</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-xdm-instead-of-sdm" id="id29" name="id29">Install xdm (instead of sdm)</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-xfs-and-xfonts" id="id30" name="id30">Install xfs and xfonts</a><ul>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configure-xfs" id="id31" name="id31">Configure xfs</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-a-window-manager" id="id32" name="id32">Install a window manager</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-an-x-terminal-emulator" id="id33" name="id33">Install an X terminal emulator</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#install-swiftx" id="id34" name="id34">Install swiftx</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configure-apt-get">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id11" name="configure-apt-get">Configure apt-get</a></h3>
<p><a class="reference" href="http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/apt-howto/ch-basico.en.html#s-sources.list">/etc/apt/sources.list</a> contains a list of archives which
contain Debian packages for installing.</p>
<div class="section" id="tips">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id12" name="tips">Tips</a></h4>
<p>see tips</p>
<p>The following edit is required to allow apt-get
to find the lessdisks archive</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">file:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/apt/sources.list</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">add:</th><td class="field-body">deb <a class="reference" href="http://lessdisks.sourceforge.net/debian/current"><a href="http://lessdisks.sourceforge.net/debian/current">http://lessdisks.sourceforge.net/debian/current</a></a> ./</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="update-apt-get">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id13" name="update-apt-get">Update <a class="reference" href="http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/apt-howto/index.en.html#contents">apt</a>-get</a></h3>
<p>The following command will update the local apt-get information</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/apt-howto/index.en.html#contents">apt</a>-get update</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="download-lessdisks">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id14" name="download-lessdisks">Download lessdisks</a></h3>
<p>fetch the <a class="reference" href="http://lessdisks.sourceforge.net/debian/current/Packages">lessdisks package</a> from the archive</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install lessdisks</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>There may be a couple warning dialogs about kernel
linking and statd/tcpwrappers. Read them, or not, and
continue.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-lessdisks">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id15" name="install-lessdisks">Install lessdisks</a></h3>
<p>run the script which does the actual install</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">lessdisks-install</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>You will be shown a menu which allows checking and changing</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>packages</li>
<li>disk-server</li>
<li>diskserver-ip</li>
<li>ArchiveMenu<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=ArchiveMenu" title="create this page">?</a></li>
<li>DisplayValues<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=DisplayValues" title="create this page">?</a></li>
<li>BeginInstall<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=BeginInstall" title="create this page">?</a></li>
<li>AdvandedMenu<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=AdvandedMenu" title="create this page">?</a></li>
<li>Exit</li>
</ul>
<p>The default values should work, check them, change them, or not: select;</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>BeginInstall<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=BeginInstall" title="create this page">?</a></li>
</ul>
<p>You will see a dialog:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
about to install lessdisks...
</pre>
<p>==ok==</p>
<blockquote>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Dialog:</th><td class="field-body">archive location... what kind of debian archive would you like to install from?</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">select:</th><td class="field-body">web</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</blockquote>
<p>message:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
Installation method chosen as web
setting archive to default: http.us.debian.org/debian
proceeding with installation ... 
(this will also check for missing or incomplete files again)
</pre>
<p>Lessdisks is downloading lots of stuff, the messages don't
change for quite a while.</p>
<p>I find it comforting to switch to another terminal (ALT-F2)
and running:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
$ top
</pre>
<p>top shows running processes. You will see that wget and debootstrap
are busy fetching what you need.</p>
<p>Next will be a report on what packages will be installed, and the prompt:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
Need to get 13.9MB of archives. After unpacking 42.5MB will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=Y/n" title="create this page">?</a>
</pre>
<p>Might as well.</p>
<p>Another message like the previous:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
....
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=Y/n" title="create this page">?</a>
</pre>
<!-- need a bunch of escapes in the following line to prevent rendering error messages
I'm not sure what kind of backlink the following is generating
"application/*" ? -->
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body">Add a mime handler for &quot;application/*&quot; ?</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">response:</th><td class="field-body">Default</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body">Manage X server wrapper configuration with debconf?</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">response:</th><td class="field-body">No</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body">Manage <a href="http://longrun.org/wiki/XFree86" title="" style="background-color:;">XFree86</a> server configuration file with debconf?</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">response:</th><td class="field-body">No</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body">Would you like to run thttpd in a chroot 'jail'?</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">response:</th><td class="field-body">Default</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">activity:</th><td class="field-body">lots of progress messages scrolling by</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<!-- I get the following warning message during this phase
netstat: no support for `AF INET (tcp)' on this system.
I don't know if that's an issue or not. -->
<div class="section" id="add-user-to-lessdisks-group">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id16" name="add-user-to-lessdisks-group">Add user to lessdisks group</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">adduser $username lessdisks</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configure-etc-exports">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id17" name="configure-etc-exports">Configure /etc/exports</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">examine:</th><td class="field-body">/usr/share/doc/lessdisks/examples/exports</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">edit:</th><td class="field-body">make required changes and save to /etc/exports</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/init.d/portmap restart</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/init.d/nfs-common restart</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server restart</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-dhcp">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id18" name="install-dhcp">Install dhcp</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install dhcp</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<div class="section" id="configure-etc-dhcpd-conf">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id19" name="configure-etc-dhcpd-conf">Configure /etc/dhcpd.conf</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">examine:</th><td class="field-body">/usr/share/doc/lessdisks/examples/dhcpd.conf</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">edit:</th><td class="field-body">make required changes and save to /etc/dhcpd.conf</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">restart:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/init.d/dhcp restart</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>==At this point you should be able to boot a terminal machine==</p>
<p>If you boot a machine on the network from floppy which has
a properly configured <a class="reference" href="http://rom-o-matic.net"><a href="http://rom-o-matic.net">http://rom-o-matic.net</a></a> image, it should
find the server's DHCP server, load the kernel image on the server.</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="enable-remote-logging">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id20" name="enable-remote-logging">Enable remote logging</a></h3>
<p>This would be a good time to <a class="reference" href="#turn-on-remote-syslogging">turn on remote syslogging</a>, so
that the messages generated by terminals will appear in /var/log/syslog</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-sdm">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id21" name="install-sdm">Install sdm</a></h3>
<p>sdm is a secure login manager, using ssh.
(as an alternative to <a class="reference" href="http://ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/mini/other-formats/html_single/XDM-Xterm.html">xdm</a>/kdm/gdm/wdm or other <a class="reference" href="http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/XDMCP-HOWTO/">xdmcp</a> server)</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install sdm</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<div class="section" id="configuring-ssh-dialogs">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id22" name="configuring-ssh-dialogs">Configuring Ssh dialogs</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">Configuring Ssh</p>
<table class="last field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">type:</th><td class="field-body">choice, Do you want to allow SSH protocol 2 only</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">response:</th><td class="field-body">Yes</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">Configuring Ssh</p>
<table class="last field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">type:</th><td class="field-body">informative, problems interacting with PAM</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">Configuring Ssh</p>
<table class="last field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">type:</th><td class="field-body">choice, Do you want /usr/lib/ssh-keysigns to be installed SUID root?</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">default:</th><td class="field-body">Yes</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">choice:</th><td class="field-body">Yes</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">dialog:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">Configuring Ssh</p>
<table class="last field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">type:</th><td class="field-body">choice, Do you want to run the sshd server ?</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">default:</th><td class="field-body">Yes</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">choice:</th><td class="field-body">Yes</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>Apt-get now installs sdm, ssh and a few other things.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configure-ssh">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id23" name="configure-ssh">Configure ssh</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">file:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/ssh/sshd_config</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">edit:</th><td class="field-body">X11Forwarding yes</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">restart:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/init.d/ssh restart</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">task:</th><td class="field-body">create /var/lib/lessdisks/root/.ssh/known_hosts <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id2" id="id1" name="id1"><sup>1</sup></a></td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>known_hosts is a file with the following structure:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
(replace [servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a> with the name of your server)
(&lt;key&gt; is a long string of random characters)

disk ssh-rsa &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a>
disk ssh-dss &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a>
xdm1 ssh-rsa &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a>
xdm1 ssh-dss &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a>
[&lt;servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=%26lt%3Bservername" title="create this page">?</a> ssh-rsa &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a>
[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a> ssh-dsa &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a>
</pre>
<p>ssh-rsa &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a> is the contents of the file:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
/etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub
</pre>
<p>ssh-dss &lt;key&gt;= root&#64;[servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a> is the contents of the file:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
/etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub
</pre>
<p>Follow these steps to create the required file:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>create the directory /var/lib/lessdisks/root/.ssh</li>
<li>create the file /var/lib/lesssisks/root/.ssh/known_hosts</li>
<li>read into the file the contents of /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub and /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub</li>
<li>copy these two lines and paste twice so that there are 3 copies of the 2 lines</li>
<li>add to the beginning of the first 2 &quot;disk&quot;</li>
<li>add to the beginning of the second 2 &quot;xdm1&quot;</li>
<li>add to the beginning of the third 2 &quot;&lt;servername&gt;&quot;</li>
<li>save the new /var/lib/lessdisks/root/.ssh/known_hosts</li>
</ul>
<p>One way to do this using the &quot;vi&quot; (or &quot;Vim&quot;) editor is as follows:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
$ mkdir /var/lib/lessdisks/root/.ssh
$ vi /var/lib/lessdisks/root/.ssh/known_hosts
&lt;vi&gt; :r /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub (the colon puts you in command mode,
                                      the 'r' command reads a file into the current document)
&lt;vi&gt; :r /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub 
&lt;vi&gt; [up arrow]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=up%20arrow" title="create this page">?</a> (put the cursor at the beginning of the file)
&lt;vi&gt;  2dd (the 2 executes the 'dd' (delete line) 2 times, the file should now be empty)
&lt;vi&gt; 3p (the 3 executes the 'p' command (put) 3 times, the file should now contain the 
         keys repeated 3 times)
&lt;vi&gt; i ('i' puts vi in insert mode, which is regular edit mode)

add disk, xdm1 and [servername]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=servername" title="create this page">?</a> to each set of keys.

&lt;vi&gt; &lt;ESC&gt; (&lt;ESC&gt; returns to normal mode from insert mode)
&lt;vi&gt; :wq (the 'w' writes (saves) the file, the 'q' quits)
</pre>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-sdm-terminal">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id24" name="install-sdm-terminal">Install sdm-terminal</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">chroot /var/lib/lessdisks apt-get install sdm-terminal</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>displays the <a class="reference" href="#configuring-ssh-dialogs">Configuring Ssh dialogs</a> ...</p>
<div class="section" id="configure-sdm-terminal">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id25" name="configure-sdm-terminal">Configure sdm-terminal</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">note:</th><td class="field-body">this step is not needed for recent version of sdm</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">file:</th><td class="field-body">/var/lib/lessdisks/etc/inittab</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">edit:</th><td class="field-body">comment out x5:5:respawn:/usr/X11R6/bin/X-lessdisks -query xdm2</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">insert:</th><td class="field-body">sdm5:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/sdm</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<!-- restart sdm ??? -->
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-an-x-server-for-your-video-card">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id26" name="install-an-x-server-for-your-video-card">Install an X server for your video card</a></h3>
<p>In the following example the terminal has a Mach 64 video card installed</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">chroot /var/lib/lessdisks apt-get install xserver-mach64</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-xdialog-on-the-server-and-terminal">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id27" name="install-xdialog-on-the-server-and-terminal">Install xdialog on the server and terminal</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install xdialog</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">chroot /var/lib/lessdisks apt-get install xdialog</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-dialog-on-the-terminal">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id28" name="install-dialog-on-the-terminal">Install dialog on the terminal</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">chroot /var/lib/lessdisks apt-get install dialog</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-xdm-instead-of-sdm">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id29" name="install-xdm-instead-of-sdm">Install xdm (instead of sdm)</a></h3>
<p>A basic login manager</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install xdm</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">edit:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/X11/xdm/Xaccess</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">restart:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/init.d/xdm restart</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>other alternatives to xdm include kdm, gdm and wdm.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-xfs-and-xfonts">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id30" name="install-xfs-and-xfonts">Install xfs and xfonts</a></h3>
<p>the X font server is used to access and maintain fonts in a single place</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install xfs xfonts-base xfonts-100dpi xfonts-75dpi xfonts-scalable</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<div class="section" id="configure-xfs">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id31" name="configure-xfs">Configure xfs</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">file:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/X11/fs/config</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">edit:</th><td class="field-body">comment out no-listen = tcp</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">restart:</th><td class="field-body">/etc/init.d/xfs restart</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-a-window-manager">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id32" name="install-a-window-manager">Install a window manager</a></h3>
<p>At least 1 window manager is required, icewm is
a nice small one.</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install icewm</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>Other choices for window manager include;</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>kde</li>
<li>gnome</li>
<li>blackbox</li>
<li>xfce</li>
<li>afterstep</li>
<li>and so many more</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-an-x-terminal-emulator">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id33" name="install-an-x-terminal-emulator">Install an X terminal emulator</a></h3>
<p>Required to get a command line in X</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">apt-get install rxvt</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>Other choices for terminal programs include:</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>xterm</li>
<li>others</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="install-swiftx">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id34" name="install-swiftx">Install swiftx</a></h3>
<p>The intended replacement for freex is called swiftx</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">chroot /var/lib/lessdisks apt-get install swiftx</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>swiftx is an X configuration script for detecting video and mouse settings. A couple of edits are required when using swiftx from a lessdisks terminal;</p>
<p>edit file /var/lib/lessdisks/etc/swiftx/swiftx.conf</p>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">edit:</th><td class="field-body">change x_config_dir to &quot;/var/state/lessdisks/etc/&quot;</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>there's a couple lines you'll want to add to the fonts section
in /var/lib/lessdisks/etc/swiftx/XF86Config-*.template:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
FontPath     &quot;tcp/xdm1:7110&quot;
FontPath     &quot;tcp/xdm2:7110&quot;
FontPath     &quot;tcp/xdm1:7101&quot;
FontPath     &quot;tcp/xdm2:7101&quot;
FontPath     &quot;tcp/xdm1:7100&quot;
FontPath     &quot;tcp/xdm2:7100&quot;
</pre>
<p>if you're just using plain ol' xfs, which uses port 7100,
you'll just need those lines.  you probably won't really need
any lines with xdm2, either.  the true-type font servers
xfs-xtt and xfstt use ports 7110 and 7101, respectively.
purportedly the true-type fonts are better, but you have to get
true-type fonts installed.</p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="setting-up-a-terminal">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id4" name="setting-up-a-terminal">Setting up a terminal</a></h2>
<div class="section" id="identify-nic-card">
<h3><a name="identify-nic-card">Identify NIC card</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">file:</th><td class="field-body">/proc/pci</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">examine:</th><td class="field-body">NIC card info</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name" colspan="2">alternate command:</th></tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td class="field-body">lspci</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="download-boot-floppy-image">
<h3><a name="download-boot-floppy-image">Download boot floppy image</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">URL:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://rom-o-matic.org"><a href="http://rom-o-matic.org">http://rom-o-matic.org</a></a></td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">download:</th><td class="field-body">boot image for the specific NIC, with
DOWNLOAD_PROTO_NFS specified</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="login-to-terminal">
<h3><a name="login-to-terminal">Login to terminal</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">note:</th><td class="field-body">empty password</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configure-x">
<h3><a name="configure-x">Configure X</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">freex</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<div class="section" id="test-x">
<h4><a name="test-x">Test X</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">if sdm: init 5, if xdm/kdm/gdm, init 4</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configure-terminal-from-x">
<h4><a name="configure-terminal-from-x">Configure Terminal from X</a></h4>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">user added to lessdisks group on server</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name" colspan="2">graphical login:</th></tr>
<tr><td>&nbsp;</td><td class="field-body">sdm, xdm, kdm, gdm, etc.</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">/usr/sbin/lessdisks-setup</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configure-terminal-from-console">
<h3><a name="configure-terminal-from-console">Configure Terminal from console</a></h3>
<table class="field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
<col class="field-name" />
<col class="field-body" />
<tbody valign="top">
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">user:</th><td class="field-body">root</td>
</tr>
<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">command:</th><td class="field-body">lessdisks-setup</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="transcripts-of-irc-chats-with-vagrant">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id5" name="transcripts-of-irc-chats-with-vagrant">Transcripts of irc chats with vagrant</a></h2>
<p><a class="reference" href="/wiki/ChatTranscript20030429"><a href="http://longrun.org/wiki/ChatTranscript20030429" title="" style="background-color:;">ChatTranscript20030429</a></a></p>
<p><a class="reference" href="/wiki/ChatTranscript20030508"><a href="http://longrun.org/wiki/ChatTranscript20030508" title="" style="background-color:;">ChatTranscript20030508</a></a></p>
<p><a class="reference" href="/wiki/ChatTranscript20030622"><a href="http://longrun.org/wiki/ChatTranscript20030622" title="" style="background-color:;">ChatTranscript20030622</a></a></p>
<p><a class="reference" href="/wiki/ChatTranscript20031113"><a href="http://longrun.org/wiki/ChatTranscript20031113" title="" style="background-color:;">ChatTranscript20031113</a></a></p>
<table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id2" rules="none">
<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
<tbody valign="top">
<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id1" name="id2">[1]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=1" title="create this page">?</a></a></td><td>in an email from vagrant</td></tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<pre class="literal-block">
and copy /etc/ssh_host_*.pub to a common file, like so:
#!/bin/sh
# ooooh, i finally got around to writing a script to handle this stuff!
# bugfixes 7/21/03
for name in xdm1 disk $(hostname); do
  for type in rsa dsa; do
    echo &quot;$name&quot; $(cat /etc/ssh/ssh_host_$type\_key.pub) &gt;&gt; /tmp/known_hosts
  done
done
cd /var/lib/lessdisks/root
mkdir -p .ssh
chmod og-rwx .ssh
cp /tmp/known_hosts .ssh/known_hosts
exit $?
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="other-tips">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id6" name="other-tips">Other Tips</a></h2>
<div class="contents topic" id="id35">
<ul class="simple">
<li><a class="reference" href="#terminal-boot-boot-messages" id="id36" name="id36">terminal boot boot messages</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#turn-on-remote-syslogging" id="id37" name="id37">Turn on remote syslogging</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configuring-exim" id="id38" name="id38">Configuring Exim</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="terminal-boot-boot-messages">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id36" name="terminal-boot-boot-messages">terminal boot boot messages</a></h3>
<p>Etherboot:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
.000041.0000 done
ROM sebment 0x0800 length 0x8000 reloc 0x9400
Etherboot 5.0.9 (GPL) Tagged ELF for [Tulip]<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=Tulip" title="create this page">?</a>
</pre>
<p>dmesg</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
Linux version 2.4.18ld (root&#64;nero) (gcc version 2.95.4 (Debian prerelease)) #2 Tue Apr 9 11:21:26 PDT 2002
BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 00000000000a0000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000000f0000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
 BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 0000000008000000 (usable)
 BIOS-e820: 00000000ffff0000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
On node 0 totalpages: 32768
zone(0): 4096 pages.
zone(1): 28672 pages.
zone(2): 0 pages.
Kernel command line: rw root=/dev/nfs ip=dhcp 
Initializing CPU#0
Console: colour VGA+ 80x25
Calibrating delay loop... 119.60 BogoMIPS<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=BogoMIPS" title="create this page">?</a>
Memory: 126956k/131072k available (900k kernel code, 3732k reserved, 252k data, 196k init, 0k highmem)
Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode... Ok.
Dentry-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
Mount-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
Buffer-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
Page-cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes)
Enabling CPUID on Cyrix processor.
CPU: Before vendor init, caps: 00000001 00000000 00000000, vendor = 1
CPU: After vendor init, caps: 00000001 00000000 00000000 00000004
CPU:     After generic, caps: 00000001 00000000 00000000 00000004
CPU:             Common caps: 00000001 00000000 00000000 00000004
CPU: Cyrix 6x86 2x Core/Bus Clock stepping 07
Checking 'hlt' instruction... OK.
POSIX conformance testing by UNIFIX
PCI: PCI BIOS revision 2.10 entry at 0xfb5d0, last bus=0
PCI: Using configuration type 1
PCI: Probing PCI hardware
PCI: Cannot allocate resource region 1 of device 00:09.0
Limiting direct PCI/PCI transfers.
Activating ISA DMA hang workarounds.
Linux NET4.0 for Linux 2.4
Based upon Swansea University Computer Society NET3.039
Initializing RT netlink socket
Starting kswapd
devfs: v1.10 (20020120) Richard Gooch (rgooch&#64;atnf.csiro.au)
devfs: boot_options: 0x1
Detected PS/2 Mouse Port.
pty: 256 Unix98 ptys configured
Real Time Clock Driver v1.10e
block: 128 slots per queue, batch=32
0 3c515 cards found.
loop: loaded (max 8 devices)
Linux Tulip driver version 0.9.15-pre9 (Nov 6, 2001)
eth0: ADMtek<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=ADMtek" title="create this page">?</a> Comet rev 17 at 0x6200, 00:04:E2:3E:25:46, IRQ 10.
NET4: Linux TCP/IP 1.0 for NET4.0
IP Protocols: ICMP, UDP, TCP
IP: routing cache hash table of 1024 buckets, 8Kbytes
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192)
Sending DHCP requests ., OK
IP-Config: Got DHCP answer from 192.168.1.2, my address is 192.168.1.200
IP-Config: Complete:
      device=eth0, addr=192.168.1.200, mask=255.255.255.0, gw=192.168.1.1,
     host=192.168.1.200, domain=, nis-domain=(none),
     bootserver=192.168.1.2, rootserver=192.168.1.2, rootpath=/var/lib/lessdisks/
NET4: Unix domain sockets 1.0/SMP for Linux NET4.0.
Looking up port of RPC 100003/2 on 192.168.1.2
Looking up port of RPC 100005/1 on 192.168.1.2
VFS: Mounted root (nfs filesystem).
Mounted devfs on /dev
Freeing unused kernel memory: 196k freed
Serial driver version 5.05c (2001-07-08) with MANY_PORTS SHARE_IRQ SERIAL_PCI enabled
ttyS00 at 0x03f8 (irq = 4) is a 16550A
ttyS03 at 0x02e8 (irq = 3) is a 16550A
inserting floppy driver for 2.4.18ld
Floppy drive(s): fd0 is 1.44M
FDC 0 is a post-1991 82077
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="turn-on-remote-syslogging">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id37" name="turn-on-remote-syslogging">Turn on remote syslogging</a></h3>
<pre class="literal-block">
one thing that can help a good deal is turning remote
syslogging on...

on the server, edit /etc/init.d/sysklogd

SYSLOGD=&quot;-r&quot;

then restart it:

/etc/init.d/sysklogd restart

and then, add to /var/lib/lessdisks/etc/syslog.conf:

*.* &#64;disk

then syslog messages from the terminal should hopefully appear
in the server's log files too, distinguished by ip address or
host name...
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configuring-exim">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id38" name="configuring-exim">Configuring Exim</a></h3>
<ul class="simple">
<li>run 'eximconfig'</li>
<li>choose 3, Satellite system, if your ISP handles mail for you.</li>
</ul>
<blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>What is this system's name?</li>
</ul>
<blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>select default, the host name of the computer</li>
</ul>
</blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>Where will your users read their mail?</li>
</ul>
<blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>enter the domain you want to appear after &#64; in the &quot;From:&quot; field</li>
</ul>
</blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>Which accounts should the system administrator mail go to?</li>
</ul>
<blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>select a user name</li>
</ul>
</blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>You may already have an /etc/aliases file, do you want to replace it?</li>
</ul>
<blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>might as well</li>
</ul>
</blockquote>
<ul class="simple">
<li>Exim lists the changes it will make, and asks for confirmation</li>
</ul>
</blockquote>
</div>
</div>
<div class="section" id="web-access-to-a-terminal">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id7" name="web-access-to-a-terminal">Web access to a terminal</a></h2>
<p>Each terminal runs a Web server on port 8080</p>
<p><a class="reference" href="http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080"><a href="http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080">http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080</a></a> should list the /var/state/lessdisks/etc directory on the terminal,
where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP address of the terminal</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="more-informtion">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id8" name="more-informtion">More Informtion</a></h2>
<ul class="simple">
<li><a class="reference" href="http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/mini/other-formats/html_single/Remote-X-Apps.html">Remote X Apps mini HOWTO</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/unmaintained/mini/Xterminal">Xterminal mini-HOWTO</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="glossary">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id9" name="glossary">Glossary</a></h2>
<dl>
<dt><a class="reference" href="http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/XDMCP-HOWTO/">xdmcp</a></dt>
<dd>X Display Manager Control Protocol</dd>
</dl>
</div>
<div class="section" id="installing-debian">
<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id10" name="installing-debian">Installing Debian</a></h2>
<div class="contents topic" id="id39">
<ul class="simple">
<li><a class="reference" href="#choosing-which-kernel-to-install" id="id40" name="id40">Choosing which kernel to install</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#configuring-network-during-install" id="id41" name="id41">Configuring network during install</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#determining-nic-card" id="id42" name="id42">Determining NIC card</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#other-tips-and-reminders" id="id43" name="id43">Other tips and reminders</a><ul>
<li><a class="reference" href="#debian-base-config-script" id="id44" name="id44">Debian base-config script</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#floppy-drive-configuration" id="id45" name="id45">Floppy drive configuration</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#finding-changed-files" id="id46" name="id46">Finding changed files</a></li>
<li><a class="reference" href="#setting-su-timeout" id="id47" name="id47">Setting su timeout</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="section" id="choosing-which-kernel-to-install">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id40" name="choosing-which-kernel-to-install">Choosing which kernel to install</a></h3>
<p>Using the 'Woody' install disk, I found
that things worked better if I entered:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
bf24
</pre>
<p>at the original:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
boot: 
</pre>
<p>prompt.</p>
<p>This installs a 2.4 kernel, and offers journaling filesystems,
EXT3 and ReiserFS<a class="new" href="http://longrun.org/wiki/Installing/editform?page=ReiserFS" title="create this page">?</a> in addition to EXT2.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="configuring-network-during-install">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id41" name="configuring-network-during-install">Configuring network during install</a></h3>
<p>Sometimes I neglect to:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
Configure Device Driver Modules
Configure the Hostname
Configure the Network
</pre>
<p>Which causes:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
Install the Base System
</pre>
<p>to fail with debootstrap errors. The errors are about configuring,
but not specific about what is causing the failure.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="determining-nic-card">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id42" name="determining-nic-card">Determining NIC card</a></h3>
<p>ALT-F2 will give a console during the install process.
From the ALT-F2 console;</p>
<p>See if you can ping a host:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
# ping ssc.com
</pre>
<p>If that fails, try:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
# lsmod
</pre>
<p>and see if there's an ethernet module loaded.</p>
<p>If not, try:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
# more /proc/pci
or
# dmesg | more
</pre>
<p>and look for mention of a type of NIC card which
was identified at boot time.</p>
<p>Select:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
Configure Device Driver Modules -&gt; kernel/drivers/net
</pre>
<p>choose the driver which most closely matches the card name
found with:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
# more /proc/pci 
or
# dmesg | more
</pre>
<p>If successful, running:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
# lsmod
</pre>
<p>from the ALT-F2 console should list the NIC module, and
in the list of modules on the install screen, there will
be a &quot;+&quot; instead of &quot;-&quot; next to the module name.</p>
<p>If the install is unsuccessful, figure out what driver
your card needs.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="other-tips-and-reminders">
<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id43" name="other-tips-and-reminders">Other tips and reminders</a></h3>
<div class="section" id="debian-base-config-script">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id44" name="debian-base-config-script">Debian base-config script</a></h4>
<p>The script which runs the first time the new install boots is:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
/usr/sbin/base-config
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="floppy-drive-configuration">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id45" name="floppy-drive-configuration">Floppy drive configuration</a></h4>
<p>The command:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
/usr/sbin/superformat /dev/fd0 hd
</pre>
<p>checks the floppy drive and reports a value to put in:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
/etc/driveprm
</pre>
<p>such as:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
drive0: deviation=400
</pre>
</div>
<div class="section" id="finding-changed-files">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id46" name="finding-changed-files">Finding changed files</a></h4>
<p>I like this trick to determine what what files an operation effects;</p>
<ul class="simple">
<li>create a file which is used as a timestamp</li>
<li>perform an operation</li>
<li>report the files which are newer than the timestamp</li>
</ul>
<p>Example:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
# touch apt-get_update.pre
# apt-get update
# find / ! -path &quot;/proc*&quot; -newer apt-get_update.pre
</pre>
<p>The &lt;! -path &quot;/proc*&quot;&gt; part of the command is required to prevent all the files 
in the /proc tree from being listed, they report their timestamp as current time.</p>
</div>
<div class="section" id="setting-su-timeout">
<h4><a class="toc-backref" href="#id47" name="setting-su-timeout">Setting su timeout</a></h4>
<p>I usually login as myself, then 'su' to do rootly things, and
forget to logout of root.</p>
<p>setting TMOUT in /etc/bash.bashrc to number of seconds of inactivity is a good thing:</p>
<pre class="literal-block">
TMOUT=600 # a su session ends after 10 minutes of inaction
</pre>
<p></p>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>