File: schmorp.h

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#ifndef SCHMORP_PERL_H_
#define SCHMORP_PERL_H_

/* WARNING
 * This header file is a shared resource between many modules.
 * perl header files MUST already be included.
 */

#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>

#if defined(WIN32 ) || defined(_MINIX)
# define SCHMORP_H_PREFER_SELECT 1
#endif

#if !SCHMORP_H_PREFER_SELECT
# include <poll.h>
#endif

/* useful stuff, used by schmorp mostly */

#include "patchlevel.h"

#define PERL_VERSION_ATLEAST(a,b,c)				\
  (PERL_REVISION > (a)						\
   || (PERL_REVISION == (a)					\
       && (PERL_VERSION > (b)					\
           || (PERL_VERSION == (b) && PERL_SUBVERSION >= (c)))))

#ifndef PERL_MAGIC_ext
# define PERL_MAGIC_ext '~'
#endif

#if !PERL_VERSION_ATLEAST (5,6,0)
# ifndef PL_ppaddr
#  define PL_ppaddr ppaddr
# endif
# ifndef call_sv
#  define call_sv perl_call_sv
# endif
# ifndef get_sv
#  define get_sv perl_get_sv
# endif
# ifndef get_cv
#  define get_cv perl_get_cv
# endif
# ifndef IS_PADGV
#  define IS_PADGV(v) 0
# endif
# ifndef IS_PADCONST
#  define IS_PADCONST(v) 0
# endif
#endif

/* use NV for 32 bit perls as it allows larger offsets */
#if IVSIZE >= 8
typedef IV VAL64;
# define SvVAL64(sv) SvIV (sv)
# define newSVval64(i64) newSViv (i64)
# define sv_setval64(sv,i64) sv_setiv ((sv), (i64))
#else
typedef NV VAL64;
# define SvVAL64(sv) SvNV (sv)
# define newSVval64(i64) newSVnv (i64)
# define sv_setval64(sv,i64) sv_setnv ((sv), (i64))
#endif

/* typemap for the above */
/*
VAL64		T_VAL64

INPUT

T_VAL64
	$var = ($type)SvVAL64 ($arg);

OUTPUT

T_VAL64
	$arg = newSVval64 ($var);
*/

/* 5.11 */
#ifndef CxHASARGS
# define CxHASARGS(cx) (cx)->blk_sub.hasargs
#endif

/* 5.10.0 */
#ifndef SvREFCNT_inc_NN
# define SvREFCNT_inc_NN(sv) SvREFCNT_inc (sv)
#endif

/* 5.8.8 */
#ifndef GV_NOTQUAL
# define GV_NOTQUAL 0
#endif
#ifndef newSV
# define newSV(l) NEWSV(0,l)
#endif
#ifndef CvISXSUB_on
# define CvISXSUB_on(cv) (void)cv
#endif
#ifndef CvISXSUB
# define CvISXSUB(cv) (CvXSUB (cv) ? TRUE : FALSE)
#endif
#ifndef Newx
# define Newx(ptr,nitems,type) New (0,ptr,nitems,type)
#endif

/* 5.8.7 */
#ifndef SvRV_set
# define SvRV_set(s,v) SvRV(s) = (v)
#endif

static int
s_signum (SV *sig)
{
#ifndef SIG_SIZE
  /* kudos to Slaven Rezic for the idea */
  static char sig_size [] = { SIG_NUM };
# define SIG_SIZE (sizeof (sig_size) + 1)
#endif
  dTHX;
  int signum;

  SvGETMAGIC (sig);

  for (signum = 1; signum < SIG_SIZE; ++signum)
    if (strEQ (SvPV_nolen (sig), PL_sig_name [signum]))
      return signum;

  signum = SvIV (sig);

  if (signum > 0 && signum < SIG_SIZE)
    return signum;

  return -1;
}

static int
s_signum_croak (SV *sig)
{
  int signum = s_signum (sig);

  if (signum < 0)
    {
      dTHX;
      croak ("%s: invalid signal name or number", SvPV_nolen (sig));
    }

  return signum;
}

static int
s_fileno (SV *fh, int wr)
{
  dTHX;
  SvGETMAGIC (fh);

  if (SvROK (fh))
    {
      fh = SvRV (fh);
      SvGETMAGIC (fh);
    }

  if (SvTYPE (fh) == SVt_PVGV)
    return PerlIO_fileno (wr ? IoOFP (sv_2io (fh)) : IoIFP (sv_2io (fh)));

  if (SvOK (fh) && (SvIV (fh) >= 0) && (SvIV (fh) < 0x7fffffffL))
    return SvIV (fh);

  return -1;
}

static int
s_fileno_croak (SV *fh, int wr)
{
  int fd = s_fileno (fh, wr);

  if (fd < 0)
    {
      dTHX;
      croak ("%s: illegal fh argument, either not an OS file or read/write mode mismatch", SvPV_nolen (fh));
    }

  return fd;
}

static SV *
s_get_cv (SV *cb_sv)
{
  dTHX;
  HV *st;
  GV *gvp;
  
  return (SV *)sv_2cv (cb_sv, &st, &gvp, 0);
}

static SV *
s_get_cv_croak (SV *cb_sv)
{
  SV *cv = s_get_cv (cb_sv);

  if (!cv)
    {
      dTHX;
      croak ("%s: callback must be a CODE reference or another callable object", SvPV_nolen (cb_sv));
    }

  return cv;
}

/*****************************************************************************/
/* gensub: simple closure generation utility */

#define S_GENSUB_ARG CvXSUBANY (cv).any_ptr

/* create a closure from XS, returns a code reference */
/* the arg can be accessed via GENSUB_ARG from the callback */
/* the callback must use dXSARGS/XSRETURN */
static SV *
s_gensub (pTHX_ void (*xsub)(pTHX_ CV *), void *arg)
{
  CV *cv = (CV *)newSV (0);

  sv_upgrade ((SV *)cv, SVt_PVCV);

  CvANON_on (cv);
  CvISXSUB_on (cv);
  CvXSUB (cv) = xsub;
  S_GENSUB_ARG = arg;

  return newRV_noinc ((SV *)cv);
}

/*****************************************************************************/
/* portable pipe/socketpair */

#if defined(USE_SOCKETS_AS_HANDLES) || PERL_VERSION_ATLEAST(5,18,0)
# define S_TO_HANDLE(x) ((HANDLE)win32_get_osfhandle (x))
#else
# define S_TO_HANDLE(x) ((HANDLE)x)
#endif

#ifdef _WIN32
/* taken almost verbatim from libev's ev_win32.c */
/* oh, the humanity! */
static int
s_pipe (int filedes [2])
{
  dTHX;

  struct sockaddr_in addr = { 0 };
  int addr_size = sizeof (addr);
  struct sockaddr_in adr2;
  int adr2_size = sizeof (adr2);
  SOCKET listener;
  SOCKET sock [2] = { -1, -1 };

  if ((listener = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) == INVALID_SOCKET)
    return -1;

  addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
  addr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl (INADDR_LOOPBACK);
  addr.sin_port = 0;

  if (bind (listener, (struct sockaddr *)&addr, addr_size))
    goto fail;

  if (getsockname (listener, (struct sockaddr *)&addr, &addr_size))
    goto fail;

  if (listen (listener, 1))
    goto fail;

  if ((sock [0] = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) == INVALID_SOCKET)
    goto fail;

  if (connect (sock [0], (struct sockaddr *)&addr, addr_size))
    goto fail;

  if ((sock [1] = accept (listener, 0, 0)) < 0)
    goto fail;

  /* windows vista returns fantasy port numbers for getpeername.
   * example for two interconnected tcp sockets:
   *
   * (Socket::unpack_sockaddr_in getsockname $sock0)[0] == 53364
   * (Socket::unpack_sockaddr_in getpeername $sock0)[0] == 53363
   * (Socket::unpack_sockaddr_in getsockname $sock1)[0] == 53363
   * (Socket::unpack_sockaddr_in getpeername $sock1)[0] == 53365
   *
   * wow! tridirectional sockets!
   *
   * this way of checking ports seems to work:
   */
  if (getpeername (sock [0], (struct sockaddr *)&addr, &addr_size))
    goto fail;

  if (getsockname (sock [1], (struct sockaddr *)&adr2, &adr2_size))
    goto fail;

  errno = WSAEINVAL;
  if (addr_size != adr2_size
      || addr.sin_addr.s_addr != adr2.sin_addr.s_addr /* just to be sure, I mean, it's windows */
      || addr.sin_port        != adr2.sin_port)
    goto fail;

  closesocket (listener);

#if defined(USE_SOCKETS_AS_HANDLES) || PERL_VERSION_ATLEAST(5,18,0)
  /* when select isn't winsocket, we also expect socket, connect, accept etc.
   * to work on fds */
  filedes [0] = sock [0];
  filedes [1] = sock [1];
#else
  filedes [0] = _open_osfhandle (sock [0], 0);
  filedes [1] = _open_osfhandle (sock [1], 0);
#endif

  return 0;

fail:
  closesocket (listener);

  if (sock [0] != INVALID_SOCKET) closesocket (sock [0]);
  if (sock [1] != INVALID_SOCKET) closesocket (sock [1]);

  return -1;
}

#define s_socketpair(domain,type,protocol,filedes) s_pipe (filedes)

static int
s_fd_blocking (int fd, int blocking)
{
  u_long nonblocking = !blocking;

  return ioctlsocket ((SOCKET)S_TO_HANDLE (fd), FIONBIO, &nonblocking);
}

#define s_fd_prepare(fd) s_fd_blocking (fd, 0)

#else

#define s_socketpair(domain,type,protocol,filedes) socketpair (domain, type, protocol, filedes)
#define s_pipe(filedes) pipe (filedes)

static int
s_fd_blocking (int fd, int blocking)
{
  return fcntl (fd, F_SETFL, blocking ? 0 : O_NONBLOCK);
}

static int
s_fd_prepare (int fd)
{
  return s_fd_blocking (fd, 0)
         || fcntl (fd, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC);
}

#endif

#if HAVE_EVENTFD
# include <sys/eventfd.h>
#else
# if __linux && (__GLIBC__ > 2 || (__GLIBC__ == 2 && __GLIBC_MINOR__ >= 7))
#  define SCHMORP_H_HAVE_EVENTFD 1
/* our minimum requirement is glibc 2.7 which has the stub, but not the header */
#  include <stdint.h>
#  ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#  endif
  int eventfd (unsigned int initval, int flags);
#  ifdef __cplusplus
}
#  endif
# else
#  define eventfd(initval,flags) -1
# endif
#endif

typedef struct {
  int fd[2]; /* read, write fd, might be equal */
  int len; /* write length (1 pipe/socket, 8 eventfd) */
} s_epipe;

static int
s_epipe_new (s_epipe *epp)
{
  s_epipe ep;

  ep.fd [0] = ep.fd [1] = eventfd (0, 0);

  if (ep.fd [0] >= 0)
    {
      s_fd_prepare (ep.fd [0]);
      ep.len = 8;
    }
  else
    {
      if (s_pipe (ep.fd))
        return -1;

      if (s_fd_prepare (ep.fd [0])
          || s_fd_prepare (ep.fd [1]))
        {
           dTHX;

           close (ep.fd [0]);
           close (ep.fd [1]);
           return -1;
        }

      ep.len = 1;
    }

  *epp = ep;
  return 0;
}

static void
s_epipe_destroy (s_epipe *epp)
{
  dTHX;

  close (epp->fd [0]);

  if (epp->fd [1] != epp->fd [0])
    close (epp->fd [1]);

  epp->len = 0;
}

static void
s_epipe_signal (s_epipe *epp)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
  /* perl overrides send with a function that crashes in other threads.
   * unfortunately, it overrides it with an argument-less macro, so
   * there is no way to force usage of the real send function.
   * incompetent windows programmers - is this redundant?
   */
  DWORD dummy;
  WriteFile (S_TO_HANDLE (epp->fd [1]), (LPCVOID)&dummy, 1, &dummy, 0);
#else
  static uint64_t counter = 1;
  /* some modules accept fd's from outside, support eventfd here */
  if (write (epp->fd [1], &counter, epp->len) < 0
      && errno == EINVAL
      && epp->len != 8)
    write (epp->fd [1], &counter, (epp->len = 8));
#endif
}

static void
s_epipe_drain (s_epipe *epp)
{
  dTHX;
  char buf [9];

#ifdef _WIN32
  recv (epp->fd [0], buf, sizeof (buf), 0);
#else
  read (epp->fd [0], buf, sizeof (buf));
#endif
}

/* like new, but dups over old */
static int
s_epipe_renew (s_epipe *epp)
{
  dTHX;
  s_epipe epn;

  if (epp->fd [1] != epp->fd [0])
    close (epp->fd [1]);

  if (s_epipe_new (&epn))
    return -1;

  if (epp->len)
    {
      if (dup2 (epn.fd [0], epp->fd [0]) < 0)
        croak ("unable to dup over old event pipe"); /* should not croak */

      close (epn.fd [0]);

      if (epn.fd [0] == epn.fd [1])
        epn.fd [1] = epp->fd [0];

      epn.fd [0] = epp->fd [0];
    }

  *epp = epn;

  return 0;
}

#define s_epipe_fd(epp) ((epp)->fd [0])

static int
s_epipe_wait (s_epipe *epp)
{
  dTHX;
#if SCHMORP_H_PREFER_SELECT
  fd_set rfd;
  int fd = s_epipe_fd (epp);

  FD_ZERO (&rfd);
  FD_SET (fd, &rfd);

  return PerlSock_select (fd + 1, &rfd, 0, 0, 0);
#else
  /* poll is preferable on posix systems */
  struct pollfd pfd;

  pfd.fd = s_epipe_fd (epp);
  pfd.events = POLLIN;

  return poll (&pfd, 1, -1);
#endif
}

#endif