File: blake2s-ref.c

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/*
   BLAKE2 reference source code package - reference C implementations

   Written in 2012 by Samuel Neves <sneves@dei.uc.pt>

   To the extent possible under law, the author(s) have dedicated all copyright
   and related and neighboring rights to this software to the public domain
   worldwide. This software is distributed without any warranty.

   You should have received a copy of the CC0 Public Domain Dedication along with
   this software. If not, see <http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/>.
*/

#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "blake2.h"
#include "blake2-impl.h"

static const uint32_t blake2s_IV[8] =
{
  0x6A09E667UL, 0xBB67AE85UL, 0x3C6EF372UL, 0xA54FF53AUL,
  0x510E527FUL, 0x9B05688CUL, 0x1F83D9ABUL, 0x5BE0CD19UL
};

static const uint8_t blake2s_sigma[10][16] =
{
  {  0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 } ,
  { 14, 10,  4,  8,  9, 15, 13,  6,  1, 12,  0,  2, 11,  7,  5,  3 } ,
  { 11,  8, 12,  0,  5,  2, 15, 13, 10, 14,  3,  6,  7,  1,  9,  4 } ,
  {  7,  9,  3,  1, 13, 12, 11, 14,  2,  6,  5, 10,  4,  0, 15,  8 } ,
  {  9,  0,  5,  7,  2,  4, 10, 15, 14,  1, 11, 12,  6,  8,  3, 13 } ,
  {  2, 12,  6, 10,  0, 11,  8,  3,  4, 13,  7,  5, 15, 14,  1,  9 } ,
  { 12,  5,  1, 15, 14, 13,  4, 10,  0,  7,  6,  3,  9,  2,  8, 11 } ,
  { 13, 11,  7, 14, 12,  1,  3,  9,  5,  0, 15,  4,  8,  6,  2, 10 } ,
  {  6, 15, 14,  9, 11,  3,  0,  8, 12,  2, 13,  7,  1,  4, 10,  5 } ,
  { 10,  2,  8,  4,  7,  6,  1,  5, 15, 11,  9, 14,  3, 12, 13 , 0 } ,
};

static inline int blake2s_set_lastnode( blake2s_state *S )
{
  S->f[1] = ~0U;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_clear_lastnode( blake2s_state *S )
{
  S->f[1] = 0U;
  return 0;
}

/* Some helper functions, not necessarily useful */
static inline int blake2s_set_lastblock( blake2s_state *S )
{
  if( S->last_node ) blake2s_set_lastnode( S );

  S->f[0] = ~0U;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_clear_lastblock( blake2s_state *S )
{
  if( S->last_node ) blake2s_clear_lastnode( S );

  S->f[0] = 0U;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_increment_counter( blake2s_state *S, const uint32_t inc )
{
  S->t[0] += inc;
  S->t[1] += ( S->t[0] < inc );
  return 0;
}

// Parameter-related functions
static inline int blake2s_param_set_digest_length( blake2s_param *P, const uint8_t digest_length )
{
  P->digest_length = digest_length;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_fanout( blake2s_param *P, const uint8_t fanout )
{
  P->fanout = fanout;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_max_depth( blake2s_param *P, const uint8_t depth )
{
  P->depth = depth;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_leaf_length( blake2s_param *P, const uint32_t leaf_length )
{
  store32( &P->leaf_length, leaf_length );
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_node_offset( blake2s_param *P, const uint64_t node_offset )
{
  store48( P->node_offset, node_offset );
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_node_depth( blake2s_param *P, const uint8_t node_depth )
{
  P->node_depth = node_depth;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_inner_length( blake2s_param *P, const uint8_t inner_length )
{
  P->inner_length = inner_length;
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_salt( blake2s_param *P, const uint8_t salt[BLAKE2S_SALTBYTES] )
{
  memcpy( P->salt, salt, BLAKE2S_SALTBYTES );
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_param_set_personal( blake2s_param *P, const uint8_t personal[BLAKE2S_PERSONALBYTES] )
{
  memcpy( P->personal, personal, BLAKE2S_PERSONALBYTES );
  return 0;
}

static inline int blake2s_init0( blake2s_state *S )
{
  memset( S, 0, sizeof( blake2s_state ) );

  for( int i = 0; i < 8; ++i ) S->h[i] = blake2s_IV[i];

  return 0;
}

#define blake2s_init BLAKE2_IMPL_NAME(blake2s_init)
#define blake2s_init_param BLAKE2_IMPL_NAME(blake2s_init_param)
#define blake2s_init_key BLAKE2_IMPL_NAME(blake2s_init_key)
#define blake2s_update BLAKE2_IMPL_NAME(blake2s_update)
#define blake2s_final BLAKE2_IMPL_NAME(blake2s_final)
#define blake2s BLAKE2_IMPL_NAME(blake2s)

#if defined(__cplusplus)
extern "C" {
#endif
  int blake2s_init( blake2s_state *S, size_t outlen );
  int blake2s_init_param( blake2s_state *S, const blake2s_param *P );
  int blake2s_init_key( blake2s_state *S, size_t outlen, const void *key, size_t keylen );
  int blake2s_update( blake2s_state *S, const uint8_t *in, size_t inlen );
  int blake2s_final( blake2s_state *S, uint8_t *out, size_t outlen );
  int blake2s( uint8_t *out, const void *in, const void *key, size_t outlen, size_t inlen, size_t keylen );
#if defined(__cplusplus)
}
#endif

/* init2 xors IV with input parameter block */
int blake2s_init_param( blake2s_state *S, const blake2s_param *P )
{
  blake2s_init0( S );
  uint32_t *p = ( uint32_t * )( P );

  /* IV XOR ParamBlock */
  for( size_t i = 0; i < 8; ++i )
    S->h[i] ^= load32( &p[i] );

  S->outlen = P->digest_length;
  return 0;
}


// Sequential blake2s initialization
int blake2s_init( blake2s_state *S, size_t outlen )
{
  blake2s_param P[1];

  /* Move interval verification here? */
  if ( ( !outlen ) || ( outlen > BLAKE2S_OUTBYTES ) ) return -1;

  P->digest_length = ( uint8_t) outlen;
  P->key_length    = 0;
  P->fanout        = 1;
  P->depth         = 1;
  store32( &P->leaf_length, 0 );
  store48( &P->node_offset, 0 );
  P->node_depth    = 0;
  P->inner_length  = 0;
  // memset(P->reserved, 0, sizeof(P->reserved) );
  memset( P->salt,     0, sizeof( P->salt ) );
  memset( P->personal, 0, sizeof( P->personal ) );
  return blake2s_init_param( S, P );
}

int blake2s_init_key( blake2s_state *S, size_t outlen, const void *key, size_t keylen )
{
  blake2s_param P[1];

  if ( ( !outlen ) || ( outlen > BLAKE2S_OUTBYTES ) ) return -1;

  if ( !key || !keylen || keylen > BLAKE2S_KEYBYTES ) return -1;

  P->digest_length = ( uint8_t ) outlen;
  P->key_length    = ( uint8_t ) keylen;
  P->fanout        = 1;
  P->depth         = 1;
  store32( &P->leaf_length, 0 );
  store48( &P->node_offset, 0 );
  P->node_depth    = 0;
  P->inner_length  = 0;
  // memset(P->reserved, 0, sizeof(P->reserved) );
  memset( P->salt,     0, sizeof( P->salt ) );
  memset( P->personal, 0, sizeof( P->personal ) );

  if( blake2s_init_param( S, P ) < 0 ) return -1;

  {
    uint8_t block[BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES];
    memset( block, 0, BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES );
    memcpy( block, key, keylen );
    blake2s_update( S, block, BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES );
    secure_zero_memory( block, BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES ); /* Burn the key from stack */
  }
  return 0;
}

static int blake2s_compress( blake2s_state *S, const uint8_t block[BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES] )
{
  uint32_t m[16];
  uint32_t v[16];

  for( size_t i = 0; i < 16; ++i )
    m[i] = load32( block + i * sizeof( m[i] ) );

  for( size_t i = 0; i < 8; ++i )
    v[i] = S->h[i];

  v[ 8] = blake2s_IV[0];
  v[ 9] = blake2s_IV[1];
  v[10] = blake2s_IV[2];
  v[11] = blake2s_IV[3];
  v[12] = S->t[0] ^ blake2s_IV[4];
  v[13] = S->t[1] ^ blake2s_IV[5];
  v[14] = S->f[0] ^ blake2s_IV[6];
  v[15] = S->f[1] ^ blake2s_IV[7];
#define G(r,i,a,b,c,d) \
  do { \
    a = a + b + m[blake2s_sigma[r][2*i+0]]; \
    d = rotr32(d ^ a, 16); \
    c = c + d; \
    b = rotr32(b ^ c, 12); \
    a = a + b + m[blake2s_sigma[r][2*i+1]]; \
    d = rotr32(d ^ a, 8); \
    c = c + d; \
    b = rotr32(b ^ c, 7); \
  } while(0)
#define ROUND(r)  \
  do { \
    G(r,0,v[ 0],v[ 4],v[ 8],v[12]); \
    G(r,1,v[ 1],v[ 5],v[ 9],v[13]); \
    G(r,2,v[ 2],v[ 6],v[10],v[14]); \
    G(r,3,v[ 3],v[ 7],v[11],v[15]); \
    G(r,4,v[ 0],v[ 5],v[10],v[15]); \
    G(r,5,v[ 1],v[ 6],v[11],v[12]); \
    G(r,6,v[ 2],v[ 7],v[ 8],v[13]); \
    G(r,7,v[ 3],v[ 4],v[ 9],v[14]); \
  } while(0)
  ROUND( 0 );
  ROUND( 1 );
  ROUND( 2 );
  ROUND( 3 );
  ROUND( 4 );
  ROUND( 5 );
  ROUND( 6 );
  ROUND( 7 );
  ROUND( 8 );
  ROUND( 9 );

  for( size_t i = 0; i < 8; ++i )
    S->h[i] = S->h[i] ^ v[i] ^ v[i + 8];

#undef G
#undef ROUND
  return 0;
}


int blake2s_update( blake2s_state *S, const uint8_t *in, size_t inlen )
{
  while( inlen > 0 )
  {
    uint32_t left = S->buflen;
    uint32_t fill = 2 * BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES - left;

    if( inlen > fill )
    {
      memcpy( S->buf + left, in, fill ); // Fill buffer
      S->buflen += fill;
      blake2s_increment_counter( S, BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES );
      blake2s_compress( S, S->buf ); // Compress
      memcpy( S->buf, S->buf + BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES, BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES ); // Shift buffer left
      S->buflen -= BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES;
      in += fill;
      inlen -= fill;
    }
    else // inlen <= fill
    {
      memcpy( S->buf + left, in, inlen );
      S->buflen += ( uint32_t ) inlen; // Be lazy, do not compress
      in += inlen;
      inlen -= inlen;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

int blake2s_final( blake2s_state *S, uint8_t *out, size_t outlen )
{
  uint8_t buffer[BLAKE2S_OUTBYTES];
  size_t i;

  if(S->outlen != outlen) return -1;

  if( S->buflen > BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES )
  {
    blake2s_increment_counter( S, BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES );
    blake2s_compress( S, S->buf );
    S->buflen -= BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES;
    memcpy( S->buf, S->buf + BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES, S->buflen );
  }

  blake2s_increment_counter( S, ( uint32_t )S->buflen );
  blake2s_set_lastblock( S );
  memset( S->buf + S->buflen, 0, 2 * BLAKE2S_BLOCKBYTES - S->buflen ); /* Padding */
  blake2s_compress( S, S->buf );

  for( i = 0; i < 8; ++i ) /* Output full hash to temp buffer */
    store32( buffer + sizeof( S->h[i] ) * i, S->h[i] );

  memcpy( out, buffer, outlen );
  return 0;
}

int blake2s( uint8_t *out, const void *in, const void *key, size_t outlen, size_t inlen, size_t keylen )
{
  blake2s_state S[1];

  /* Verify parameters */
  if ( NULL == in && inlen > 0 ) return -1;

  if ( NULL == out ) return -1;

  if ( NULL == key && keylen > 0 ) return -1;

  if( !outlen || outlen > BLAKE2S_OUTBYTES ) return -1;

  if( keylen > BLAKE2S_KEYBYTES ) return -1;

  if( keylen > 0 )
  {
    if( blake2s_init_key( S, outlen, key, keylen ) < 0 ) return -1;
  }
  else
  {
    if( blake2s_init( S, outlen ) < 0 ) return -1;
  }

  if( blake2s_update( S, ( uint8_t * )in, inlen ) < 0) return -1;
  return blake2s_final( S, out, outlen );
}