Crypt::GPG - An Object Oriented Interface to GnuPG.
$Revision: 1.52 $
$Date: 2005/02/23 09:12:54 $
my $gpg = new Crypt::GPG;
$gpg->gpgbin('/usr/bin/gpg'); # The GnuPG executable.
$gpg->secretkey('0x2B59D29E'); # Set ID of default secret key.
$gpg->passphrase('just testing'); # Set passphrase.
# Sign a message:
my $sign = $gpg->sign('testing again');
# Encrypt a message:
my @encrypted = $gpg->encrypt ('top secret', 'firstname.lastname@example.org');
# Get message info:
my @recipients = $gpg->msginfo($encrypted);
# Decrypt a message.
my ($plaintext, $signature) = $gpg->verify($encrypted);
# Key generation:
$status = $gpg->keygen
('Test', 'email@example.com', 'ELG-E', 2048, 0, 'test passphrase');
print while (<$status>); close $status;
# Key database manipulation:
@keys = $gpg->keydb(@ids);
# Key manipulation:
$key = $keys;
$gpg->keypass($key, $oldpassphrase, $newpassphrase);
$keystring = $gpg->export($key);
The Crypt::GPG module provides access to the functionality of the GnuPG
(www.gnupg.org) encryption tool through an object oriented interface.
It provides methods for encryption, decryption, signing, signature
verification, key generation, key certification, export and import.
Key-server access is on the todo list.
This release of the module may create compatibility issues with previous
versions. If you find any such problems, or any bugs or documentation
errors, please do report them to crypt-gpg at neomailbox.com.
Creates and returns a new Crypt::GPG object.
Sets the GPGBIN instance variable which gives the path to the GnuPG
Sets the GPGOPTS instance variable which may be used to pass
additional options to the GnuPG binary. For proper functioning of this
module, it is advisable to always include '--lock-multiple' in the
Sets the DELAY instance variable. This is no longer necessary (nor
used) in the current version of the module, but remains so existing
scripts don't break.
Sets the SECRETKEY instance variable which may be a KeyID or a
username. This is the ID of the default key to use for signing.
Sets the PASSPHRASE instance variable, required for signing and
Sets the TEXT instance variable. If set true, GnuPG will use
network-compatible line endings for proper cross-platform
compatibility and the plaintext will gain a newline at the end, if it
does not already have one.
Sets the ARMOR instance variable, controlling the ASCII armoring of
output. The default is to use ascii-armoring. The module has not been
tested with this option turned off, and most likely will not work if
you switch this off.
Sets the DETACH instance variable. If set true, the sign method will
produce detached signature certificates, else it won't. The default is
to produce detached signatures.
Sets the ENCRYPTSAFE instance variable. If set true, encryption will
fail if trying to encrypt to a key which is not trusted. This is the
default. Turn this off if you want to encrypt to untrusted keys.
Sets the VERSION instance variable which can be used to change the
Version: string on the GnuPG output to whatever you like.
Sets the COMMENT instance variable which can be used to change the
Comment: string on the GnuPG output to whatever you like.
Sets the DEBUG instance variable which causes the raw output of
Crypt::GPG's interaction with the GnuPG binary to be dumped to STDOUT.
By default, debugging is off.
Signs @message with the secret key specified with secretkey() and
returns the result as a string.
This is just an alias for verify()
Decrypts and/or verifies the message in @message, optionally using the
detached signature in @signature, and returns a list whose first
element is plaintext message as a string. If the message was signed, a
Crypt::GPG::Signature object is returned as the second element of the
The Crypt::GPG::Signature object can be queried with the following
$sig->validity(); # 'Good', 'BAD', or 'Unknown'
$sig->keyid(); # ID of signing key
$sig->time(); # Time the signature was made
$sig->trusted(); # True or false depending on whether
the signing key is trusted
Returns a list of the recipient key IDs that @ciphertext is encrypted
encrypt($plaintext, $keylist, [-sign] )
Encrypts $plaintext with the public keys of the recipients listed in
$keylist and returns the result in a string, or undef if there was an
error while processing. Returns undef if any of the keys are not
Either $plaintext or $keylist may be specified as either an arrayref
or a simple scalar.
If $plaintext is a an arrayref, it will be join()ed without newlines.
If you want to encrypt to multiple recipients, you must use the
arrayref version of $keylist. A scalar $keylist works for only a
single key ID.
If the -sign option is provided, the message will be signed before
encryption. The secret key and passphrase must be set for signing to
work. They can be set with the secretkey() and passphrase() methods.
addkey($key, $pretend, @keyids)
Adds the keys given in $key to the user's key ring and returns a list
of Crypt::GPG::Key objects corresponding to the keys that were added.
$key may be a string or an array reference.
If $pretend is true, it pretends to add the key and creates the key
object, but doesn't actually perform the key addition.
Optionally, a list of key IDs may be specified. If a list of key IDs
is specified, only keys that match those IDs will be imported. The
rest will be ignored.
Exports the key specified by the Crypt::GPG::Key object $key and
returns the result as a string.
keygen($name, $email, $keytype, $keysize, $expire, $passphrase)
Creates a new keypair with the parameters specified. The only
supported $keytype currently is 'ELG-E'. $keysize can be any of
1024, 2048, 3072 or 4096. Returns undef if there was an error,
otherwise returns a filehandle that reports the progress of the key
generation process similar to the way GnuPG does. The key generation
is not complete till you read an EOF from the returned filehandle.
certify($keyid, $local, @uids)
Certifies to the authenticity of UIDs of the key with ID $keyid. If
$local is true, the certification will be non-exportable. The @uids
parameter should contain the list of UIDs to certify (the first UID of
a key is 0).
Returns an array of Crypt::GPG::Key objects corresponding to the Key
IDs listed in @keyids. This method used to be called keyinfo and that
is still an alias to this method.
Parses a raw GnuPG formatted key listing in @keylist and returns an
array of Crypt::GPG::Key objects.
keypass($key, $oldpass, $newpass)
Change the passphrase for a key. Returns true if the passphrase change
succeeded, false if not, or undef if there was an error.
Deletes the key specified by the Crypt::GPG::Key object $key from the
user's key ring. Returns undef if there was an error, or 1 if the key
was successfully deleted.
Disables the key specified by the Crypt::GPG::Key object $key.
Enables the key specified by the Crypt::GPG::Key object $key.
Documentation coming soon.
Documentation coming soon.
* Key server access.
* More complete key manipulation interface.
* Filehandle interface to handle large messages.
* Error checking needs work.
* Some key manipulation functions are missing.
* The method call interface is subject to change in future versions.
* The current implementation will probably eat up all your RAM if you
try to operate on huge messages. In future versions, this will be
addressed by reading from and returning filehandles, rather than using
* Methods may break if you don't use ASCII armoring.
$Log: GPG.pm,v $ Revision 1.52 2005/02/23 09:12:54 cvs
- Overhauled to use IPC::Run instead of Expect.
- Test suite split up into multiple scripts.
Revision 1.42 2002/12/11 03:33:19 cvs
- Fixed bug in certify() when trying to certify revoked a key.
- Applied dharris\x40drh.net's patch to allow for varying date formats
between gpg versions, and fix time parsing and the
Crypt::GPG::Signature autoloaded accessor functions.
Revision 1.40 2002/09/23 23:01:53 cvs
- Fixed a bug in keypass()
- Documentation fixes.
Revision 1.37 2002/09/21 02:37:49 cvs
- Fixed signing option in encrypt.
Revision 1.36 2002/09/21 00:03:29 cvs
- Added many tests and fixed a bunch of bugs.
Revision 1.34 2002/09/20 19:07:11 cvs
- Extensively modified formatting to make the code easier to
read. All lines are now < 80 chars.
- Removed all instances of invoking a shell.
- Misc. other stuff.
Revision 1.31 2002/09/20 16:38:45 cvs
- Cleaned up export and addkey. Fixed(?) addkey clobbering trustdb
problem (thanks to jrray\x40spacemeat.com for the patch). Added
support for signature verification on addkey pretend.
- No calls to POSIX::tmpnam remain (thanks to radek\x40karnet.pl and
jrray\x40spacemeat.com for suggesting File::Temp).
Revision 1.30 2002/09/20 15:25:47 cvs
- Fixed up tempfile handling and eliminated calls to the shell in
encrypt(), sign() and msginfo(). Passing all currently defined
- Hopefully also fixed signing during encryption and verification of
detached signatures. Not tested this yet.
Revision 1.29 2002/09/20 11:19:02 cvs
- Removed hack to Version: string. Only the Comment: string in GPG
output is now modified by Crypt::GPG. (Thanks to
eisen\x40schlund.de for pointing out the bug here)
- Removed code that incorrectly replaced 'PGP MESSAGE' with 'PGP
SIGNATURE' on detached signatures. (Thanks to ddcc\x40mit.edu for
pointing this out).
- Fixed up addkey() to properly handle pretend mode and to
selectively import only requested key IDs from a key block.
- parsekeys() now also figures out which keyring a key belongs to.
- Added certify() method, to enable certifying keys.
- Added Crypt::GPG::Signature methods - validity(), keyid(), time()
Crypt::GPG is Copyright (c) 2000-2005 Ashish Gulhati <crypt-gpg at
neomailbox.com>. All Rights Reserved.
Thanks to Barkha, my sunshine. And to the GnuPG team and everyone who
writes free software.
This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.
BUGS REPORTS, PATCHES, FEATURE REQUESTS
Are very welcome. Email crypt-gpg at neomailbox.com.