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libdbix-class-optimisticlocking-perl 0.02-3
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NAME
    DBIx::Class::OptimisticLocking - Optimistic locking support for
    DBIx::Class

VERSION
    version 0.02

SYNOPSIS
    This module allows the user to utilize optimistic locking when updating
    a row.

    Example usage:

            package DB::Main::Orders;

            use base qw/DBIx::Class/;

            __PACKAGE__->load_components(qw/OptimisticLocking Core/);

            __PACKAGE__->optimistic_locking_strategy('dirty'); # this is the default behavior

PURPOSE
    Optimistic locking is an alternative to using exclusive locks when you
    have the possibility of concurrent, conflicting updates in your
    database. The basic principle is you allow any and all clients to issue
    updates and rather than preemptively synchronizing all data
    modifications (which is what happens with exclusive locks) you are
    "optimistic" that updates won't interfere with one another and the
    updates will only fail when they do in fact interfere with one another.

    Consider the following scenario (in timeline order, not in the same
    block of code):

            my $order = $schema->resultset('Orders')->find(1);

            # some other different, concurrent process loads the same object
            my $other_order = $schema->resultset('Orders')->find(1);

            $order->status('fraud review');
            $other_order->status('processed');

            $order->update; # this succeeds
            $other_order->update; # this fails when using optimistic locking

    Without locking (optimistic or exclusive ), the example order would have
    two sequential updates issued with the second essentially erasing the
    results of the first. With optimistic locking, the second update (on
    $other_order) would fail.

    This optimistic locking is typically done by adding additional
    restrictions to the "WHERE" clause of the "UPDATE" statement. These
    additional restrictions ensure the data is still in the expected state
    before applying the update. This DBIx::Class::OptimisticLocking
    component provides a few different strategies for providing this
    functionality.

CONFIGURATION
  optimistic_locking_strategy
    This configuration controls the main functionality of this component.
    The current recognized optimistic locking modes supported are:

    *   dirty

        When issuing an update, the "WHERE" clause of the update will
        include all of the original values of the columns that are being
        updated. Any columns that are not being updated will be ignored.

    *   version

        When issuing an update, the "WHERE" clause of the update will
        include a check of the "version" column (or otherwise configured
        column using optimistic_locking_version_column). The "version"
        column will also be incremented on each update as well. The
        exception is if all of the updated columns are in the
        optimistic_locking_ignore_columns configuration.

    *   all

        When issuing an update, the "WHERE" clause of the update will
        include a check on each column in the object regardless of whether
        they were updated or not.

    *   none (or any other value)

        This turns off the functionality of this component. But why would
        you load it if you don't need it? :-)

  optimistic_locking_ignore_columns
    Occassionally you may elect to ignore certain columns that are not
    significant enough to detect colisions and cause the update to fail. For
    instance, if you have a timestamp column, you may want to add that to
    this list so that it is ignored when generating the "UPDATE" where
    clause for the update.

  optimistic_locking_version_column
    If you are using 'version' as your optimistic_locking_strategy, you can
    optionally specify a different name for the column used for version
    tracking. If an alternate name is not passed, the component will look
    for a column named "version" in your model.

EXTENDED METHODS
  update
    See DBIx::Class::Row::update for basic usage.

    Before issuing the actual update, this component injects additional
    criteria that will be used in the "WHERE" clause in the "UPDATE". The
    criteria that is used depends on the CONFIGURATION defined in the model
    class.

  _track_storage_value
    This is a method internal to DBIx::Class::Row that basically serves as a
    predicate method that indicates whether or not the orginal value of the
    row (as loaded from storage) should be recorded when it is updated.

    Typically, only primary key values are persisted but for
    DBIx::Class::OptimisticLocking, this list is augmented to include other
    columns based on the optimistic locking strategy that is configured for
    this DBIx::Class::ResultSource. For instance, if the chosen strategy is
    '"dirty"' (the default), every column's original value will be tracked
    in order to generate the appropriate "WHERE" clause in any subsequent
    "UPDATE" operations.

  _storage_ident_condition
    This is an internal method to DBIx::Class::PK that generates the "WHERE"
    clause for update and delete operations.

BUGS
    Please report any bugs or feature requests to
    "bug-dbix-class-optimisticlocking at rt.cpan.org", or through the web
    interface at
    <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=DBIx-Class-OptimisticLoc
    king>. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of
    progress on your bug as I make changes.

SUPPORT
    You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

        perldoc DBIx::Class::OptimisticLocking

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    Credit goes to the Java ORM package <Hibernate> for inspiring me to
    write this for DBIx::Class.

AUTHOR
      Brian Phillips <bphillips@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
    This software is copyright (c) 2011 by Brian Phillips.

    This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
    the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.