File: json_util.c

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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004, 2005 Metaparadigm Pte. Ltd.
 * Michael Clark <michael@metaparadigm.com>
 * Copyright (c) 2016 Adiscon GmbH
 * Rainer Gerhards <rgerhards@adiscon.com>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the MIT license. See COPYING for details.
 *
 */

#include "config.h"
#undef realloc

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdint.h>

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif /* HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H */

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_STAT_H
#include <sys/stat.h>
#endif /* HAVE_SYS_STAT_H */

#ifdef HAVE_FCNTL_H
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif /* HAVE_FCNTL_H */

#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
# include <unistd.h>
#endif /* HAVE_UNISTD_H */

#if !defined(HAVE_SNPRINTF)
# error You do not have snprintf on your system.
#endif /* HAVE_SNPRINTF */

#include "debug.h"
#include "printbuf.h"
#include "json_object.h"
#include "json_tokener.h"
#include "json_util.h"

static int sscanf_is_broken = 0;
static int sscanf_is_broken_testdone = 0;
static void sscanf_is_broken_test(void);

/*
 * Create a JSON object from already opened file descriptor.
 *
 * This function can be helpful, when you opened the file already,
 * e.g. when you have a temp file.
 * Note, that the fd must be readable at the actual position, i.e.
 * use lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET) before.
 */
struct fjson_object* fjson_object_from_fd(int fd)
{
	struct printbuf *pb;
	struct fjson_object *obj;
	char buf[FJSON_FILE_BUF_SIZE];
	int ret;

	if(!(pb = printbuf_new())) {
		MC_ERROR("fjson_object_from_file: printbuf_new failed\n");
		return NULL;
	}
	while((ret = read(fd, buf, FJSON_FILE_BUF_SIZE)) > 0) {
		printbuf_memappend(pb, buf, ret);
	}
	if(ret < 0) {
		MC_ERROR("fjson_object_from_fd: error reading fd %d: %s\n", fd, strerror(errno));
		printbuf_free(pb);
		return NULL;
	}
	obj = fjson_tokener_parse(pb->buf);
	printbuf_free(pb);
	return obj;
}

struct fjson_object* fjson_object_from_file(const char *filename)
{
	struct fjson_object *obj;
	int fd;

	if((fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY)) < 0) {
		MC_ERROR("fjson_object_from_file: error opening file %s: %s\n",
		     filename, strerror(errno));
		return NULL;
	}
	obj = fjson_object_from_fd(fd);
	close(fd);
	return obj;
}

/* extended "format and write to file" function */

int fjson_object_to_file_ext(const char *filename, struct fjson_object *obj, int flags)
{
	const char *fjson_str;
	int fd, ret;
	unsigned int wpos, wsize;

	if(!obj) {
		MC_ERROR("fjson_object_to_file: object is null\n");
		return -1;
	}

	if((fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC | O_CREAT, 0644)) < 0) {
		MC_ERROR("fjson_object_to_file: error opening file %s: %s\n",
		     filename, strerror(errno));
		return -1;
	}

	if(!(fjson_str = fjson_object_to_json_string_ext(obj,flags))) {
		close(fd);
		return -1;
	}

	wsize = (unsigned int)(strlen(fjson_str) & UINT_MAX); /* CAW: probably unnecessary, but the most 64bit safe */
	wpos = 0;
	while(wpos < wsize) {
		if((ret = write(fd, fjson_str + wpos, wsize-wpos)) < 0) {
			close(fd);
			MC_ERROR("fjson_object_to_file: error writing file %s: %s\n",
			     filename, strerror(errno));
			return -1;
		}

		/* because of the above check for ret < 0, we can safely cast and add */
		wpos += (unsigned int)ret;
	}

	close(fd);
	return 0;
}

// backwards compatible "format and write to file" function

int fjson_object_to_file(const char *filename, struct fjson_object *obj)
{
	return fjson_object_to_file_ext(filename, obj, FJSON_TO_STRING_PLAIN);
}

int fjson_parse_double(const char *buf, double *retval)
{
	return (sscanf(buf, "%lf", retval)==1 ? 0 : 1);
}

/*
 * Not all implementations of sscanf actually work properly.
 * Check whether the one we're currently using does, and if
 * it's broken, enable the workaround code.
 */
static void sscanf_is_broken_test(void)
{
	int64_t num64;
	int ret_errno, is_int64_min, ret_errno2, is_int64_max;

	(void)sscanf(" -01234567890123456789012345", "%" SCNd64, &num64);
	ret_errno = errno;
	is_int64_min = (num64 == INT64_MIN);

	(void)sscanf(" 01234567890123456789012345", "%" SCNd64, &num64);
	ret_errno2 = errno;
	is_int64_max = (num64 == INT64_MAX);

	if (ret_errno != ERANGE || !is_int64_min ||
	    ret_errno2 != ERANGE || !is_int64_max)
	{
		MC_DEBUG("sscanf_is_broken_test failed, enabling workaround code\n");
		sscanf_is_broken = 1;
	}
}

int fjson_parse_int64(const char *buf, int64_t *retval)
{
	int64_t num64;
	const char *buf_sig_digits;
	int orig_has_neg;
	int saved_errno;

	if (!sscanf_is_broken_testdone)
	{
		sscanf_is_broken_test();
		sscanf_is_broken_testdone = 1;
	}

	// Skip leading spaces
	while (isspace((int)*buf) && *buf)
		buf++;

	errno = 0; // sscanf won't always set errno, so initialize
	if (sscanf(buf, "%" SCNd64, &num64) != 1)
	{
		MC_DEBUG("Failed to parse, sscanf != 1\n");
		return 1;
	}

	saved_errno = errno;
	buf_sig_digits = buf;
	orig_has_neg = 0;
	if (*buf_sig_digits == '-')
	{
		buf_sig_digits++;
		orig_has_neg = 1;
	}

	// Not all sscanf implementations actually work
	if (sscanf_is_broken && saved_errno != ERANGE)
	{
		char buf_cmp[100];
		char *buf_cmp_start = buf_cmp;
		int recheck_has_neg = 0;
		int buf_cmp_len;

		// Skip leading zeros, but keep at least one digit
		while (buf_sig_digits[0] == '0' && buf_sig_digits[1] != '\0')
			buf_sig_digits++;
		if (num64 == 0) // assume all sscanf impl's will parse -0 to 0
			orig_has_neg = 0; // "-0" is the same as just plain "0"

		snprintf(buf_cmp_start, sizeof(buf_cmp), "%" PRId64, num64);
		if (*buf_cmp_start == '-')
		{
			recheck_has_neg = 1;
			buf_cmp_start++;
		}
		// No need to skip leading spaces or zeros here.

		buf_cmp_len = strlen(buf_cmp_start);
		/**
		 * If the sign is different, or
		 * some of the digits are different, or
		 * there is another digit present in the original string
		 * then we have NOT successfully parsed the value.
		 */
		if (orig_has_neg != recheck_has_neg ||
		    strncmp(buf_sig_digits, buf_cmp_start, strlen(buf_cmp_start)) != 0 ||
			((int)strlen(buf_sig_digits) != buf_cmp_len &&
			 isdigit((int)buf_sig_digits[buf_cmp_len])
		    )
		   )
		{
			saved_errno = ERANGE;
		}
	}

	// Not all sscanf impl's set the value properly when out of range.
	// Always do this, even for properly functioning implementations,
	// since it shouldn't slow things down much.
	if (saved_errno == ERANGE)
	{
		if (orig_has_neg)
			num64 = INT64_MIN;
		else
			num64 = INT64_MAX;
	}
	*retval = num64;
	return 0;
}

#define NELEM(a)        (sizeof(a) / sizeof(a[0]))
static const char* fjson_type_name[] = {
	/* If you change this, be sure to update the enum fjson_type definition too */
	"null",
	"boolean",
	"double",
	"int",
	"object",
	"array",
	"string",
};

const char *fjson_type_to_name(enum fjson_type o_type)
{
	int o_type_int = (int)o_type;
	if (o_type_int < 0 || o_type_int >= (int)NELEM(fjson_type_name))
	{
		MC_ERROR("fjson_type_to_name: type %d is out of range [0,%zu]\n", o_type, NELEM(fjson_type_name));
		return NULL;
	}
	return fjson_type_name[o_type];
}