File: alloc.c

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/*
 * Copyright 1988, 1989 Hans-J. Boehm, Alan J. Demers
 * Copyright (c) 1991-1996 by Xerox Corporation.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 1998 by Silicon Graphics.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 1999-2004 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
 *
 * THIS MATERIAL IS PROVIDED AS IS, WITH ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY EXPRESSED
 * OR IMPLIED.  ANY USE IS AT YOUR OWN RISK.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted to use or copy this program
 * for any purpose,  provided the above notices are retained on all copies.
 * Permission to modify the code and to distribute modified code is granted,
 * provided the above notices are retained, and a notice that the code was
 * modified is included with the above copyright notice.
 *
 */

#include "private/gc_priv.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#if !defined(MACOS) && !defined(MSWINCE)
# include <signal.h>
# if !defined(__CC_ARM)
#   include <sys/types.h>
# endif
#endif

/*
 * Separate free lists are maintained for different sized objects
 * up to MAXOBJBYTES.
 * The call GC_allocobj(i,k) ensures that the freelist for
 * kind k objects of size i points to a non-empty
 * free list. It returns a pointer to the first entry on the free list.
 * In a single-threaded world, GC_allocobj may be called to allocate
 * an object of (small) size lb as follows:
 *
 *   lg = GC_size_map[lb];
 *   op = GC_objfreelist[lg];
 *   if (NULL == op) {
 *     op = GENERAL_MALLOC(lb, NORMAL);
 *   } else {
 *     GC_objfreelist[lg] = obj_link(op);
 *   }
 *
 * Note that this is very fast if the free list is non-empty; it should
 * only involve the execution of 4 or 5 simple instructions.
 * All composite objects on freelists are cleared, except for
 * their first word.
 */

/*
 * The allocator uses GC_allochblk to allocate large chunks of objects.
 * These chunks all start on addresses which are multiples of
 * HBLKSZ.   Each allocated chunk has an associated header,
 * which can be located quickly based on the address of the chunk.
 * (See headers.c for details.)
 * This makes it possible to check quickly whether an
 * arbitrary address corresponds to an object administered by the
 * allocator.
 */

word GC_non_gc_bytes = 0;  /* Number of bytes not intended to be collected */

word GC_gc_no = 0;

#ifndef GC_DISABLE_INCREMENTAL
  GC_INNER GC_bool GC_incremental = FALSE; /* By default, stop the world. */
#endif

#ifdef THREADS
  int GC_parallel = FALSE;      /* By default, parallel GC is off.      */
#endif

#if defined(GC_FULL_FREQ) && !defined(CPPCHECK)
  int GC_full_freq = GC_FULL_FREQ;
#else
  int GC_full_freq = 19;   /* Every 20th collection is a full   */
                           /* collection, whether we need it    */
                           /* or not.                           */
#endif

STATIC GC_bool GC_need_full_gc = FALSE;
                           /* Need full GC do to heap growth.   */

#ifdef THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC
  GC_INNER GC_bool GC_world_stopped = FALSE;
#endif

STATIC word GC_used_heap_size_after_full = 0;

/* GC_copyright symbol is externally visible. */
char * const GC_copyright[] =
{"Copyright 1988,1989 Hans-J. Boehm and Alan J. Demers ",
"Copyright (c) 1991-1995 by Xerox Corporation.  All rights reserved. ",
"Copyright (c) 1996-1998 by Silicon Graphics.  All rights reserved. ",
"Copyright (c) 1999-2009 by Hewlett-Packard Company.  All rights reserved. ",
"THIS MATERIAL IS PROVIDED AS IS, WITH ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY",
" EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED.  ANY USE IS AT YOUR OWN RISK.",
"See source code for details." };

/* Version macros are now defined in gc_version.h, which is included by */
/* gc.h, which is included by gc_priv.h.                                */
#ifndef GC_NO_VERSION_VAR
  const unsigned GC_version = ((GC_VERSION_MAJOR << 16) |
                        (GC_VERSION_MINOR << 8) | GC_VERSION_MICRO);
#endif

GC_API unsigned GC_CALL GC_get_version(void)
{
  return (GC_VERSION_MAJOR << 16) | (GC_VERSION_MINOR << 8) |
          GC_VERSION_MICRO;
}

/* some more variables */

#ifdef GC_DONT_EXPAND
  int GC_dont_expand = TRUE;
#else
  int GC_dont_expand = FALSE;
#endif

#if defined(GC_FREE_SPACE_DIVISOR) && !defined(CPPCHECK)
  word GC_free_space_divisor = GC_FREE_SPACE_DIVISOR; /* must be > 0 */
#else
  word GC_free_space_divisor = 3;
#endif

GC_INNER int GC_CALLBACK GC_never_stop_func(void)
{
  return(0);
}

#if defined(GC_TIME_LIMIT) && !defined(CPPCHECK)
  unsigned long GC_time_limit = GC_TIME_LIMIT;
                           /* We try to keep pause times from exceeding  */
                           /* this by much. In milliseconds.             */
#else
  unsigned long GC_time_limit = 50;
#endif

#ifndef NO_CLOCK
  STATIC CLOCK_TYPE GC_start_time = 0;
                                /* Time at which we stopped world.      */
                                /* used only in GC_timeout_stop_func.   */
#endif

STATIC int GC_n_attempts = 0;   /* Number of attempts at finishing      */
                                /* collection within GC_time_limit.     */

STATIC GC_stop_func GC_default_stop_func = GC_never_stop_func;
                                /* accessed holding the lock.           */

GC_API void GC_CALL GC_set_stop_func(GC_stop_func stop_func)
{
  DCL_LOCK_STATE;
  GC_ASSERT(NONNULL_ARG_NOT_NULL(stop_func));
  LOCK();
  GC_default_stop_func = stop_func;
  UNLOCK();
}

GC_API GC_stop_func GC_CALL GC_get_stop_func(void)
{
  GC_stop_func stop_func;
  DCL_LOCK_STATE;
  LOCK();
  stop_func = GC_default_stop_func;
  UNLOCK();
  return stop_func;
}

#if defined(GC_DISABLE_INCREMENTAL) || defined(NO_CLOCK)
# define GC_timeout_stop_func GC_default_stop_func
#else
  STATIC int GC_CALLBACK GC_timeout_stop_func (void)
  {
    CLOCK_TYPE current_time;
    static unsigned count = 0;
    unsigned long time_diff;

    if ((*GC_default_stop_func)())
      return(1);

    if ((count++ & 3) != 0) return(0);
    GET_TIME(current_time);
    time_diff = MS_TIME_DIFF(current_time,GC_start_time);
    if (time_diff >= GC_time_limit) {
        GC_COND_LOG_PRINTF(
                "Abandoning stopped marking after %lu msecs (attempt %d)\n",
                time_diff, GC_n_attempts);
        return(1);
    }
    return(0);
  }
#endif /* !GC_DISABLE_INCREMENTAL */

#ifdef THREADS
  GC_INNER word GC_total_stacksize = 0; /* updated on every push_all_stacks */
#endif

/* Return the minimum number of bytes that must be allocated between    */
/* collections to amortize the collection cost.  Should be non-zero.    */
static word min_bytes_allocd(void)
{
    word result;
    word stack_size;
    word total_root_size;       /* includes double stack size,  */
                                /* since the stack is expensive */
                                /* to scan.                     */
    word scan_size;             /* Estimate of memory to be scanned     */
                                /* during normal GC.                    */

#   ifdef THREADS
      if (GC_need_to_lock) {
        /* We are multi-threaded... */
        stack_size = GC_total_stacksize;
        /* For now, we just use the value computed during the latest GC. */
#       ifdef DEBUG_THREADS
          GC_log_printf("Total stacks size: %lu\n",
                        (unsigned long)stack_size);
#       endif
      } else
#   endif
    /* else*/ {
#     ifdef STACK_NOT_SCANNED
        stack_size = 0;
#     elif defined(STACK_GROWS_UP)
        stack_size = GC_approx_sp() - GC_stackbottom;
#     else
        stack_size = GC_stackbottom - GC_approx_sp();
#     endif
    }

    total_root_size = 2 * stack_size + GC_root_size;
    scan_size = 2 * GC_composite_in_use + GC_atomic_in_use / 4
                + total_root_size;
    result = scan_size / GC_free_space_divisor;
    if (GC_incremental) {
      result /= 2;
    }
    return result > 0 ? result : 1;
}

STATIC word GC_non_gc_bytes_at_gc = 0;
                /* Number of explicitly managed bytes of storage        */
                /* at last collection.                                  */

/* Return the number of bytes allocated, adjusted for explicit storage  */
/* management, etc..  This number is used in deciding when to trigger   */
/* collections.                                                         */
STATIC word GC_adj_bytes_allocd(void)
{
    signed_word result;
    signed_word expl_managed = (signed_word)GC_non_gc_bytes
                                - (signed_word)GC_non_gc_bytes_at_gc;

    /* Don't count what was explicitly freed, or newly allocated for    */
    /* explicit management.  Note that deallocating an explicitly       */
    /* managed object should not alter result, assuming the client      */
    /* is playing by the rules.                                         */
    result = (signed_word)GC_bytes_allocd
             + (signed_word)GC_bytes_dropped
             - (signed_word)GC_bytes_freed
             + (signed_word)GC_finalizer_bytes_freed
             - expl_managed;
    if (result > (signed_word)GC_bytes_allocd) {
        result = GC_bytes_allocd;
        /* probably client bug or unfortunate scheduling */
    }
    result += GC_bytes_finalized;
        /* We count objects enqueued for finalization as though they    */
        /* had been reallocated this round. Finalization is user        */
        /* visible progress.  And if we don't count this, we have       */
        /* stability problems for programs that finalize all objects.   */
    if (result < (signed_word)(GC_bytes_allocd >> 3)) {
        /* Always count at least 1/8 of the allocations.  We don't want */
        /* to collect too infrequently, since that would inhibit        */
        /* coalescing of free storage blocks.                           */
        /* This also makes us partially robust against client bugs.     */
        return(GC_bytes_allocd >> 3);
    } else {
        return(result);
    }
}


/* Clear up a few frames worth of garbage left at the top of the stack. */
/* This is used to prevent us from accidentally treating garbage left   */
/* on the stack by other parts of the collector as roots.  This         */
/* differs from the code in misc.c, which actually tries to keep the    */
/* stack clear of long-lived, client-generated garbage.                 */
STATIC void GC_clear_a_few_frames(void)
{
#   ifndef CLEAR_NWORDS
#     define CLEAR_NWORDS 64
#   endif
    volatile word frames[CLEAR_NWORDS];
    BZERO((word *)frames, CLEAR_NWORDS * sizeof(word));
}

/* Heap size at which we need a collection to avoid expanding past      */
/* limits used by blacklisting.                                         */
STATIC word GC_collect_at_heapsize = (word)(-1);

/* Have we allocated enough to amortize a collection? */
GC_INNER GC_bool GC_should_collect(void)
{
    static word last_min_bytes_allocd;
    static word last_gc_no;
    if (last_gc_no != GC_gc_no) {
      last_gc_no = GC_gc_no;
      last_min_bytes_allocd = min_bytes_allocd();
    }
    return(GC_adj_bytes_allocd() >= last_min_bytes_allocd
           || GC_heapsize >= GC_collect_at_heapsize);
}

/* STATIC */ GC_start_callback_proc GC_start_call_back = 0;
                        /* Called at start of full collections.         */
                        /* Not called if 0.  Called with the allocation */
                        /* lock held.  Not used by GC itself.           */

GC_API void GC_CALL GC_set_start_callback(GC_start_callback_proc fn)
{
    DCL_LOCK_STATE;
    LOCK();
    GC_start_call_back = fn;
    UNLOCK();
}

GC_API GC_start_callback_proc GC_CALL GC_get_start_callback(void)
{
    GC_start_callback_proc fn;
    DCL_LOCK_STATE;
    LOCK();
    fn = GC_start_call_back;
    UNLOCK();
    return fn;
}

GC_INLINE void GC_notify_full_gc(void)
{
    if (GC_start_call_back != 0) {
        (*GC_start_call_back)();
    }
}

STATIC GC_bool GC_is_full_gc = FALSE;

STATIC GC_bool GC_stopped_mark(GC_stop_func stop_func);
STATIC void GC_finish_collection(void);

/*
 * Initiate a garbage collection if appropriate.
 * Choose judiciously
 * between partial, full, and stop-world collections.
 */
STATIC void GC_maybe_gc(void)
{
    GC_ASSERT(I_HOLD_LOCK());
    ASSERT_CANCEL_DISABLED();
    if (GC_should_collect()) {
        static int n_partial_gcs = 0;

        if (!GC_incremental) {
            /* FIXME: If possible, GC_default_stop_func should be used here */
            GC_try_to_collect_inner(GC_never_stop_func);
            n_partial_gcs = 0;
            return;
        } else {
#         ifdef PARALLEL_MARK
            if (GC_parallel)
              GC_wait_for_reclaim();
#         endif
          if (GC_need_full_gc || n_partial_gcs >= GC_full_freq) {
            GC_COND_LOG_PRINTF(
                "***>Full mark for collection #%lu after %lu allocd bytes\n",
                (unsigned long)GC_gc_no + 1, (unsigned long)GC_bytes_allocd);
            GC_promote_black_lists();
            (void)GC_reclaim_all((GC_stop_func)0, TRUE);
            GC_notify_full_gc();
            GC_clear_marks();
            n_partial_gcs = 0;
            GC_is_full_gc = TRUE;
          } else {
            n_partial_gcs++;
          }
        }
        /* We try to mark with the world stopped.       */
        /* If we run out of time, this turns into       */
        /* incremental marking.                         */
#       ifndef NO_CLOCK
          if (GC_time_limit != GC_TIME_UNLIMITED) { GET_TIME(GC_start_time); }
#       endif
        /* FIXME: If possible, GC_default_stop_func should be   */
        /* used instead of GC_never_stop_func here.             */
        if (GC_stopped_mark(GC_time_limit == GC_TIME_UNLIMITED?
                            GC_never_stop_func : GC_timeout_stop_func)) {
#           ifdef SAVE_CALL_CHAIN
                GC_save_callers(GC_last_stack);
#           endif
            GC_finish_collection();
        } else {
            if (!GC_is_full_gc) {
                /* Count this as the first attempt */
                GC_n_attempts++;
            }
        }
    }
}

STATIC GC_on_collection_event_proc GC_on_collection_event = 0;

GC_API void GC_CALL GC_set_on_collection_event(GC_on_collection_event_proc fn)
{
    /* fn may be 0 (means no event notifier). */
    DCL_LOCK_STATE;
    LOCK();
    GC_on_collection_event = fn;
    UNLOCK();
}

GC_API GC_on_collection_event_proc GC_CALL GC_get_on_collection_event(void)
{
    GC_on_collection_event_proc fn;
    DCL_LOCK_STATE;
    LOCK();
    fn = GC_on_collection_event;
    UNLOCK();
    return fn;
}

/* Stop the world garbage collection.  If stop_func is not      */
/* GC_never_stop_func then abort if stop_func returns TRUE.     */
/* Return TRUE if we successfully completed the collection.     */
GC_INNER GC_bool GC_try_to_collect_inner(GC_stop_func stop_func)
{
#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      CLOCK_TYPE start_time = 0; /* initialized to prevent warning. */
#   endif

    ASSERT_CANCEL_DISABLED();
    GC_ASSERT(I_HOLD_LOCK());
    if (GC_dont_gc || (*stop_func)()) return FALSE;
    if (GC_on_collection_event)
      GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_START);
    if (GC_incremental && GC_collection_in_progress()) {
      GC_COND_LOG_PRINTF(
            "GC_try_to_collect_inner: finishing collection in progress\n");
      /* Just finish collection already in progress.    */
        while(GC_collection_in_progress()) {
            if ((*stop_func)()) {
              /* TODO: Notify GC_EVENT_ABANDON */
              return(FALSE);
            }
            GC_collect_a_little_inner(1);
        }
    }
    GC_notify_full_gc();
#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      if (GC_print_stats) {
        GET_TIME(start_time);
        GC_log_printf("Initiating full world-stop collection!\n");
      }
#   endif
    GC_promote_black_lists();
    /* Make sure all blocks have been reclaimed, so sweep routines      */
    /* don't see cleared mark bits.                                     */
    /* If we're guaranteed to finish, then this is unnecessary.         */
    /* In the find_leak case, we have to finish to guarantee that       */
    /* previously unmarked objects are not reported as leaks.           */
#       ifdef PARALLEL_MARK
          if (GC_parallel)
            GC_wait_for_reclaim();
#       endif
        if ((GC_find_leak || stop_func != GC_never_stop_func)
            && !GC_reclaim_all(stop_func, FALSE)) {
            /* Aborted.  So far everything is still consistent. */
            /* TODO: Notify GC_EVENT_ABANDON */
            return(FALSE);
        }
    GC_invalidate_mark_state();  /* Flush mark stack.   */
    GC_clear_marks();
#   ifdef SAVE_CALL_CHAIN
        GC_save_callers(GC_last_stack);
#   endif
    GC_is_full_gc = TRUE;
    if (!GC_stopped_mark(stop_func)) {
      if (!GC_incremental) {
        /* We're partially done and have no way to complete or use      */
        /* current work.  Reestablish invariants as cheaply as          */
        /* possible.                                                    */
        GC_invalidate_mark_state();
        GC_unpromote_black_lists();
      } /* else we claim the world is already still consistent.  We'll  */
        /* finish incrementally.                                        */
      /* TODO: Notify GC_EVENT_ABANDON */
      return(FALSE);
    }
    GC_finish_collection();
#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      if (GC_print_stats) {
        CLOCK_TYPE current_time;

        GET_TIME(current_time);
        GC_log_printf("Complete collection took %lu msecs\n",
                      MS_TIME_DIFF(current_time,start_time));
      }
#   endif
    if (GC_on_collection_event)
      GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_END);
    return(TRUE);
}

/*
 * Perform n units of garbage collection work.  A unit is intended to touch
 * roughly GC_RATE pages.  Every once in a while, we do more than that.
 * This needs to be a fairly large number with our current incremental
 * GC strategy, since otherwise we allocate too much during GC, and the
 * cleanup gets expensive.
 */
#ifndef GC_RATE
# define GC_RATE 10
#endif
#ifndef MAX_PRIOR_ATTEMPTS
# define MAX_PRIOR_ATTEMPTS 1
#endif
        /* Maximum number of prior attempts at world stop marking       */
        /* A value of 1 means that we finish the second time, no matter */
        /* how long it takes.  Doesn't count the initial root scan      */
        /* for a full GC.                                               */

STATIC int GC_deficit = 0;/* The number of extra calls to GC_mark_some  */
                          /* that we have made.                         */

GC_INNER void GC_collect_a_little_inner(int n)
{
    IF_CANCEL(int cancel_state;)

    if (GC_dont_gc) return;
    DISABLE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
    if (GC_incremental && GC_collection_in_progress()) {
        int i;

        for (i = GC_deficit; i < GC_RATE*n; i++) {
            if (GC_mark_some((ptr_t)0)) {
                /* Need to finish a collection */
#               ifdef SAVE_CALL_CHAIN
                    GC_save_callers(GC_last_stack);
#               endif
#               ifdef PARALLEL_MARK
                    if (GC_parallel)
                      GC_wait_for_reclaim();
#               endif
                if (GC_n_attempts < MAX_PRIOR_ATTEMPTS
                    && GC_time_limit != GC_TIME_UNLIMITED) {
#                 ifndef NO_CLOCK
                    GET_TIME(GC_start_time);
#                 endif
                  if (!GC_stopped_mark(GC_timeout_stop_func)) {
                    GC_n_attempts++;
                    break;
                  }
                } else {
                  /* FIXME: If possible, GC_default_stop_func should be */
                  /* used here.                                         */
                  (void)GC_stopped_mark(GC_never_stop_func);
                }
                GC_finish_collection();
                break;
            }
        }
        if (GC_deficit > 0) GC_deficit -= GC_RATE*n;
        if (GC_deficit < 0) GC_deficit = 0;
    } else {
        GC_maybe_gc();
    }
    RESTORE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
}

GC_INNER void (*GC_check_heap)(void) = 0;
GC_INNER void (*GC_print_all_smashed)(void) = 0;

GC_API int GC_CALL GC_collect_a_little(void)
{
    int result;
    DCL_LOCK_STATE;

    LOCK();
    GC_collect_a_little_inner(1);
    result = (int)GC_collection_in_progress();
    UNLOCK();
    if (!result && GC_debugging_started) GC_print_all_smashed();
    return(result);
}

#ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
  /* Variables for world-stop average delay time statistic computation. */
  /* "divisor" is incremented every world-stop and halved when reached  */
  /* its maximum (or upon "total_time" overflow).                       */
  static unsigned world_stopped_total_time = 0;
  static unsigned world_stopped_total_divisor = 0;
# ifndef MAX_TOTAL_TIME_DIVISOR
    /* We shall not use big values here (so "outdated" delay time       */
    /* values would have less impact on "average" delay time value than */
    /* newer ones).                                                     */
#   define MAX_TOTAL_TIME_DIVISOR 1000
# endif
#endif

#ifdef USE_MUNMAP
# define IF_USE_MUNMAP(x) x
# define COMMA_IF_USE_MUNMAP(x) /* comma */, x
#else
# define IF_USE_MUNMAP(x) /* empty */
# define COMMA_IF_USE_MUNMAP(x) /* empty */
#endif

/*
 * Assumes lock is held.  We stop the world and mark from all roots.
 * If stop_func() ever returns TRUE, we may fail and return FALSE.
 * Increment GC_gc_no if we succeed.
 */
STATIC GC_bool GC_stopped_mark(GC_stop_func stop_func)
{
    unsigned i;
#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      CLOCK_TYPE start_time = 0; /* initialized to prevent warning. */
#   endif

#   if !defined(REDIRECT_MALLOC) && defined(USE_WINALLOC)
        GC_add_current_malloc_heap();
#   endif
#   if defined(REGISTER_LIBRARIES_EARLY)
        GC_cond_register_dynamic_libraries();
#   endif

#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      if (GC_PRINT_STATS_FLAG)
        GET_TIME(start_time);
#   endif

#   if !defined(GC_NO_FINALIZATION) && !defined(GC_TOGGLE_REFS_NOT_NEEDED)
      GC_process_togglerefs();
#   endif
#   ifdef THREADS
      if (GC_on_collection_event)
        GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_PRE_STOP_WORLD);
#   endif
    STOP_WORLD();
#   ifdef THREADS
      if (GC_on_collection_event)
        GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_POST_STOP_WORLD);
#   endif

#   ifdef THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC
      GC_world_stopped = TRUE;
#   endif
        /* Output blank line for convenience here */
    GC_COND_LOG_PRINTF(
              "\n--> Marking for collection #%lu after %lu allocated bytes\n",
              (unsigned long)GC_gc_no + 1, (unsigned long) GC_bytes_allocd);
#   ifdef MAKE_BACK_GRAPH
      if (GC_print_back_height) {
        GC_build_back_graph();
      }
#   endif

    /* Mark from all roots.  */
        if (GC_on_collection_event)
          GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_MARK_START);

        /* Minimize junk left in my registers and on the stack */
            GC_clear_a_few_frames();
            GC_noop6(0,0,0,0,0,0);

        GC_initiate_gc();
        for (i = 0;;i++) {
          if ((*stop_func)()) {
            GC_COND_LOG_PRINTF("Abandoned stopped marking after"
                               " %u iterations\n", i);
            GC_deficit = i;     /* Give the mutator a chance.   */
#           ifdef THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC
              GC_world_stopped = FALSE;
#           endif

#           ifdef THREADS
              if (GC_on_collection_event)
                GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_PRE_START_WORLD);
#           endif

            START_WORLD();

#           ifdef THREADS
              if (GC_on_collection_event)
                GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_POST_START_WORLD);
#           endif

            /* TODO: Notify GC_EVENT_MARK_ABANDON */
            return(FALSE);
          }
          if (GC_mark_some(GC_approx_sp())) break;
        }

    GC_gc_no++;
    GC_DBGLOG_PRINTF("GC #%lu freed %ld bytes, heap %lu KiB"
                     IF_USE_MUNMAP(" (+ %lu KiB unmapped)") "\n",
                     (unsigned long)GC_gc_no, (long)GC_bytes_found,
                     TO_KiB_UL(GC_heapsize - GC_unmapped_bytes) /*, */
                     COMMA_IF_USE_MUNMAP(TO_KiB_UL(GC_unmapped_bytes)));

    /* Check all debugged objects for consistency */
    if (GC_debugging_started) {
      (*GC_check_heap)();
    }
    if (GC_on_collection_event)
      GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_MARK_END);

#   ifdef THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC
      GC_world_stopped = FALSE;
#   endif

#   ifdef THREADS
      if (GC_on_collection_event)
        GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_PRE_START_WORLD);
#   endif

    START_WORLD();

#   ifdef THREADS
      if (GC_on_collection_event)
        GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_POST_START_WORLD);
#   endif

#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      if (GC_PRINT_STATS_FLAG) {
        unsigned long time_diff;
        unsigned total_time, divisor;
        CLOCK_TYPE current_time;

        GET_TIME(current_time);
        time_diff = MS_TIME_DIFF(current_time,start_time);

        /* Compute new world-stop delay total time */
        total_time = world_stopped_total_time;
        divisor = world_stopped_total_divisor;
        if ((int)total_time < 0 || divisor >= MAX_TOTAL_TIME_DIVISOR) {
          /* Halve values if overflow occurs */
          total_time >>= 1;
          divisor >>= 1;
        }
        total_time += time_diff < (((unsigned)-1) >> 1) ?
                        (unsigned)time_diff : ((unsigned)-1) >> 1;
        /* Update old world_stopped_total_time and its divisor */
        world_stopped_total_time = total_time;
        world_stopped_total_divisor = ++divisor;

        GC_ASSERT(divisor != 0);
        GC_log_printf(
                "World-stopped marking took %lu msecs (%u in average)\n",
                time_diff, total_time / divisor);
      }
#   endif
    return(TRUE);
}

/* Set all mark bits for the free list whose first entry is q   */
GC_INNER void GC_set_fl_marks(ptr_t q)
{
    if (q != NULL) {
      struct hblk *h = HBLKPTR(q);
      struct hblk *last_h = h;
      hdr *hhdr = HDR(h);
      IF_PER_OBJ(size_t sz = hhdr->hb_sz;)

      for (;;) {
        unsigned bit_no = MARK_BIT_NO((ptr_t)q - (ptr_t)h, sz);

        if (!mark_bit_from_hdr(hhdr, bit_no)) {
          set_mark_bit_from_hdr(hhdr, bit_no);
          ++hhdr -> hb_n_marks;
        }

        q = obj_link(q);
        if (q == NULL)
          break;

        h = HBLKPTR(q);
        if (h != last_h) {
          last_h = h;
          hhdr = HDR(h);
          IF_PER_OBJ(sz = hhdr->hb_sz;)
        }
      }
    }
}

#if defined(GC_ASSERTIONS) && defined(THREADS) && defined(THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC)
  /* Check that all mark bits for the free list whose first entry is    */
  /* (*pfreelist) are set.  Check skipped if points to a special value. */
  void GC_check_fl_marks(void **pfreelist)
  {
#   ifdef AO_HAVE_load_acquire_read
      AO_t *list = (AO_t *)AO_load_acquire_read((AO_t *)pfreelist);
                /* Atomic operations are used because the world is running. */
      AO_t *prev;
      AO_t *p;

      if ((word)list <= HBLKSIZE) return;

      prev = (AO_t *)pfreelist;
      for (p = list; p != NULL;) {
        AO_t *next;

        if (!GC_is_marked(p)) {
          ABORT_ARG2("Unmarked local free list entry",
                     ": object %p on list %p", (void *)p, (void *)list);
        }

        /* While traversing the free-list, it re-reads the pointer to   */
        /* the current node before accepting its next pointer and       */
        /* bails out if the latter has changed.  That way, it won't     */
        /* try to follow the pointer which might be been modified       */
        /* after the object was returned to the client.  It might       */
        /* perform the mark-check on the just allocated object but      */
        /* that should be harmless.                                     */
        next = (AO_t *)AO_load_acquire_read(p);
        if (AO_load(prev) != (AO_t)p)
          break;
        prev = p;
        p = next;
      }
#   else
      /* FIXME: Not implemented (just skipped). */
      (void)pfreelist;
#   endif
  }
#endif /* GC_ASSERTIONS && THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC */

/* Clear all mark bits for the free list whose first entry is q */
/* Decrement GC_bytes_found by number of bytes on free list.    */
STATIC void GC_clear_fl_marks(ptr_t q)
{
    if (q != NULL) {
      struct hblk *h = HBLKPTR(q);
      struct hblk *last_h = h;
      hdr *hhdr = HDR(h);
      size_t sz = hhdr->hb_sz; /* Normally set only once. */

      for (;;) {
        unsigned bit_no = MARK_BIT_NO((ptr_t)q - (ptr_t)h, sz);

        if (mark_bit_from_hdr(hhdr, bit_no)) {
          size_t n_marks = hhdr -> hb_n_marks;

          GC_ASSERT(n_marks != 0);
          clear_mark_bit_from_hdr(hhdr, bit_no);
          n_marks--;
#         ifdef PARALLEL_MARK
            /* Appr. count, don't decrement to zero! */
            if (0 != n_marks || !GC_parallel) {
              hhdr -> hb_n_marks = n_marks;
            }
#         else
            hhdr -> hb_n_marks = n_marks;
#         endif
        }
        GC_bytes_found -= sz;

        q = obj_link(q);
        if (q == NULL)
          break;

        h = HBLKPTR(q);
        if (h != last_h) {
          last_h = h;
          hhdr = HDR(h);
          sz = hhdr->hb_sz;
        }
      }
    }
}

#if defined(GC_ASSERTIONS) && defined(THREADS) && defined(THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC)
  void GC_check_tls(void);
#endif

GC_on_heap_resize_proc GC_on_heap_resize = 0;

/* Used for logging only. */
GC_INLINE int GC_compute_heap_usage_percent(void)
{
  word used = GC_composite_in_use + GC_atomic_in_use;
  word heap_sz = GC_heapsize - GC_unmapped_bytes;
  return used >= heap_sz ? 0 : used < ((word)-1) / 100 ?
                (int)((used * 100) / heap_sz) : (int)(used / (heap_sz / 100));
}

/* Finish up a collection.  Assumes mark bits are consistent, lock is   */
/* held, but the world is otherwise running.                            */
STATIC void GC_finish_collection(void)
{
#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      CLOCK_TYPE start_time = 0; /* initialized to prevent warning. */
      CLOCK_TYPE finalize_time = 0;
#   endif

#   if defined(GC_ASSERTIONS) && defined(THREADS) \
       && defined(THREAD_LOCAL_ALLOC) && !defined(DBG_HDRS_ALL)
        /* Check that we marked some of our own data.           */
        /* FIXME: Add more checks.                              */
        GC_check_tls();
#   endif

#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      if (GC_print_stats)
        GET_TIME(start_time);
#   endif
    if (GC_on_collection_event)
      GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_RECLAIM_START);

#   ifndef GC_GET_HEAP_USAGE_NOT_NEEDED
      if (GC_bytes_found > 0)
        GC_reclaimed_bytes_before_gc += (word)GC_bytes_found;
#   endif
    GC_bytes_found = 0;
#   if defined(LINUX) && defined(__ELF__) && !defined(SMALL_CONFIG)
        if (GETENV("GC_PRINT_ADDRESS_MAP") != 0) {
          GC_print_address_map();
        }
#   endif
    COND_DUMP;
    if (GC_find_leak) {
      /* Mark all objects on the free list.  All objects should be      */
      /* marked when we're done.                                        */
      word size;        /* current object size  */
      unsigned kind;
      ptr_t q;

      for (kind = 0; kind < GC_n_kinds; kind++) {
        for (size = 1; size <= MAXOBJGRANULES; size++) {
          q = GC_obj_kinds[kind].ok_freelist[size];
          if (q != 0) GC_set_fl_marks(q);
        }
      }
      GC_start_reclaim(TRUE);
        /* The above just checks; it doesn't really reclaim anything.   */
    }

#   ifndef GC_NO_FINALIZATION
      GC_finalize();
#   endif
#   ifdef STUBBORN_ALLOC
      GC_clean_changing_list();
#   endif

#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      if (GC_print_stats)
        GET_TIME(finalize_time);
#   endif

    if (GC_print_back_height) {
#     ifdef MAKE_BACK_GRAPH
        GC_traverse_back_graph();
#     elif !defined(SMALL_CONFIG)
        GC_err_printf("Back height not available: "
                      "Rebuild collector with -DMAKE_BACK_GRAPH\n");
#     endif
    }

    /* Clear free list mark bits, in case they got accidentally marked   */
    /* (or GC_find_leak is set and they were intentionally marked).      */
    /* Also subtract memory remaining from GC_bytes_found count.         */
    /* Note that composite objects on free list are cleared.             */
    /* Thus accidentally marking a free list is not a problem;  only     */
    /* objects on the list itself will be marked, and that's fixed here. */
    {
      word size;        /* current object size          */
      ptr_t q;          /* pointer to current object    */
      unsigned kind;

      for (kind = 0; kind < GC_n_kinds; kind++) {
        for (size = 1; size <= MAXOBJGRANULES; size++) {
          q = GC_obj_kinds[kind].ok_freelist[size];
          if (q != 0) GC_clear_fl_marks(q);
        }
      }
    }

    GC_VERBOSE_LOG_PRINTF("Bytes recovered before sweep - f.l. count = %ld\n",
                          (long)GC_bytes_found);

    /* Reconstruct free lists to contain everything not marked */
    GC_start_reclaim(FALSE);
    GC_DBGLOG_PRINTF("In-use heap: %d%% (%lu KiB pointers + %lu KiB other)\n",
                     GC_compute_heap_usage_percent(),
                     TO_KiB_UL(GC_composite_in_use),
                     TO_KiB_UL(GC_atomic_in_use));
    if (GC_is_full_gc) {
        GC_used_heap_size_after_full = USED_HEAP_SIZE;
        GC_need_full_gc = FALSE;
    } else {
        GC_need_full_gc = USED_HEAP_SIZE - GC_used_heap_size_after_full
                            > min_bytes_allocd();
    }

    GC_VERBOSE_LOG_PRINTF("Immediately reclaimed %ld bytes, heapsize:"
                          " %lu bytes" IF_USE_MUNMAP(" (%lu unmapped)") "\n",
                          (long)GC_bytes_found,
                          (unsigned long)GC_heapsize /*, */
                          COMMA_IF_USE_MUNMAP((unsigned long)
                                              GC_unmapped_bytes));

    /* Reset or increment counters for next cycle */
    GC_n_attempts = 0;
    GC_is_full_gc = FALSE;
    GC_bytes_allocd_before_gc += GC_bytes_allocd;
    GC_non_gc_bytes_at_gc = GC_non_gc_bytes;
    GC_bytes_allocd = 0;
    GC_bytes_dropped = 0;
    GC_bytes_freed = 0;
    GC_finalizer_bytes_freed = 0;

    IF_USE_MUNMAP(GC_unmap_old());

    if (GC_on_collection_event)
      GC_on_collection_event(GC_EVENT_RECLAIM_END);
#   ifndef SMALL_CONFIG
      if (GC_print_stats) {
        CLOCK_TYPE done_time;

        GET_TIME(done_time);
#       ifndef GC_NO_FINALIZATION
          /* A convenient place to output finalization statistics.      */
          GC_print_finalization_stats();
#       endif
        GC_log_printf("Finalize plus initiate sweep took %lu + %lu msecs\n",
                      MS_TIME_DIFF(finalize_time,start_time),
                      MS_TIME_DIFF(done_time,finalize_time));
      }
#   endif
}

/* If stop_func == 0 then GC_default_stop_func is used instead.         */
STATIC GC_bool GC_try_to_collect_general(GC_stop_func stop_func,
                                         GC_bool force_unmap GC_ATTR_UNUSED)
{
    GC_bool result;
    IF_USE_MUNMAP(int old_unmap_threshold;)
    IF_CANCEL(int cancel_state;)
    DCL_LOCK_STATE;

    if (!EXPECT(GC_is_initialized, TRUE)) GC_init();
    if (GC_debugging_started) GC_print_all_smashed();
    GC_INVOKE_FINALIZERS();
    LOCK();
    DISABLE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
#   ifdef USE_MUNMAP
      old_unmap_threshold = GC_unmap_threshold;
      if (force_unmap ||
          (GC_force_unmap_on_gcollect && old_unmap_threshold > 0))
        GC_unmap_threshold = 1; /* unmap as much as possible */
#   endif
    ENTER_GC();
    /* Minimize junk left in my registers */
      GC_noop6(0,0,0,0,0,0);
    result = GC_try_to_collect_inner(stop_func != 0 ? stop_func :
                                     GC_default_stop_func);
    EXIT_GC();
    IF_USE_MUNMAP(GC_unmap_threshold = old_unmap_threshold); /* restore */
    RESTORE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
    UNLOCK();
    if (result) {
        if (GC_debugging_started) GC_print_all_smashed();
        GC_INVOKE_FINALIZERS();
    }
    return(result);
}

/* Externally callable routines to invoke full, stop-the-world collection. */
GC_API int GC_CALL GC_try_to_collect(GC_stop_func stop_func)
{
    GC_ASSERT(NONNULL_ARG_NOT_NULL(stop_func));
    return (int)GC_try_to_collect_general(stop_func, FALSE);
}

GC_API void GC_CALL GC_gcollect(void)
{
    /* 0 is passed as stop_func to get GC_default_stop_func value       */
    /* while holding the allocation lock (to prevent data races).       */
    (void)GC_try_to_collect_general(0, FALSE);
    if (GC_have_errors) GC_print_all_errors();
}

STATIC word GC_heapsize_at_forced_unmap = 0;

GC_API void GC_CALL GC_gcollect_and_unmap(void)
{
    /* Record current heap size to make heap growth more conservative   */
    /* afterwards (as if the heap is growing from zero size again).     */
    GC_heapsize_at_forced_unmap = GC_heapsize;
    /* Collect and force memory unmapping to OS. */
    (void)GC_try_to_collect_general(GC_never_stop_func, TRUE);
}

GC_INNER word GC_n_heap_sects = 0;
                        /* Number of sections currently in heap. */

#ifdef USE_PROC_FOR_LIBRARIES
  GC_INNER word GC_n_memory = 0;
                        /* Number of GET_MEM allocated memory sections. */
#endif

#ifdef USE_PROC_FOR_LIBRARIES
  /* Add HBLKSIZE aligned, GET_MEM-generated block to GC_our_memory. */
  /* Defined to do nothing if USE_PROC_FOR_LIBRARIES not set.       */
  GC_INNER void GC_add_to_our_memory(ptr_t p, size_t bytes)
  {
    if (0 == p) return;
    if (GC_n_memory >= MAX_HEAP_SECTS)
      ABORT("Too many GC-allocated memory sections: Increase MAX_HEAP_SECTS");
    GC_our_memory[GC_n_memory].hs_start = p;
    GC_our_memory[GC_n_memory].hs_bytes = bytes;
    GC_n_memory++;
  }
#endif

/*
 * Use the chunk of memory starting at p of size bytes as part of the heap.
 * Assumes p is HBLKSIZE aligned, and bytes is a multiple of HBLKSIZE.
 */
GC_INNER void GC_add_to_heap(struct hblk *p, size_t bytes)
{
    hdr * phdr;
    word endp;

    if (GC_n_heap_sects >= MAX_HEAP_SECTS) {
        ABORT("Too many heap sections: Increase MAXHINCR or MAX_HEAP_SECTS");
    }
    while ((word)p <= HBLKSIZE) {
        /* Can't handle memory near address zero. */
        ++p;
        bytes -= HBLKSIZE;
        if (0 == bytes) return;
    }
    endp = (word)p + bytes;
    if (endp <= (word)p) {
        /* Address wrapped. */
        bytes -= HBLKSIZE;
        if (0 == bytes) return;
        endp -= HBLKSIZE;
    }
    phdr = GC_install_header(p);
    if (0 == phdr) {
        /* This is extremely unlikely. Can't add it.  This will         */
        /* almost certainly result in a 0 return from the allocator,    */
        /* which is entirely appropriate.                               */
        return;
    }
    GC_ASSERT(endp > (word)p && endp == (word)p + bytes);
    GC_heap_sects[GC_n_heap_sects].hs_start = (ptr_t)p;
    GC_heap_sects[GC_n_heap_sects].hs_bytes = bytes;
    GC_n_heap_sects++;
    phdr -> hb_sz = bytes;
    phdr -> hb_flags = 0;
    GC_freehblk(p);
    GC_heapsize += bytes;

    /* Normally the caller calculates a new GC_collect_at_heapsize,
     * but this is also called directly from alloc_mark_stack, so
     * adjust here. It will be recalculated when called from
     * GC_expand_hp_inner.
     */
    GC_collect_at_heapsize += bytes;
    if (GC_collect_at_heapsize < GC_heapsize /* wrapped */)
       GC_collect_at_heapsize = (word)(-1);

    if ((word)p <= (word)GC_least_plausible_heap_addr
        || GC_least_plausible_heap_addr == 0) {
        GC_least_plausible_heap_addr = (void *)((ptr_t)p - sizeof(word));
                /* Making it a little smaller than necessary prevents   */
                /* us from getting a false hit from the variable        */
                /* itself.  There's some unintentional reflection       */
                /* here.                                                */
    }
    if ((word)p + bytes >= (word)GC_greatest_plausible_heap_addr) {
        GC_greatest_plausible_heap_addr = (void *)endp;
    }
}

#if !defined(NO_DEBUGGING)
  void GC_print_heap_sects(void)
  {
    unsigned i;

    GC_printf("Total heap size: %lu" IF_USE_MUNMAP(" (%lu unmapped)") "\n",
              (unsigned long)GC_heapsize /*, */
              COMMA_IF_USE_MUNMAP((unsigned long)GC_unmapped_bytes));

    for (i = 0; i < GC_n_heap_sects; i++) {
      ptr_t start = GC_heap_sects[i].hs_start;
      size_t len = GC_heap_sects[i].hs_bytes;
      struct hblk *h;
      unsigned nbl = 0;

      for (h = (struct hblk *)start; (word)h < (word)(start + len); h++) {
        if (GC_is_black_listed(h, HBLKSIZE)) nbl++;
      }
      GC_printf("Section %d from %p to %p %u/%lu blacklisted\n",
                i, (void *)start, (void *)&start[len],
                nbl, (unsigned long)divHBLKSZ(len));
    }
  }
#endif

void * GC_least_plausible_heap_addr = (void *)ONES;
void * GC_greatest_plausible_heap_addr = 0;

GC_INLINE word GC_max(word x, word y)
{
    return(x > y? x : y);
}

GC_INLINE word GC_min(word x, word y)
{
    return(x < y? x : y);
}

STATIC word GC_max_heapsize = 0;

GC_API void GC_CALL GC_set_max_heap_size(GC_word n)
{
    GC_max_heapsize = n;
}

GC_word GC_max_retries = 0;

/* This explicitly increases the size of the heap.  It is used          */
/* internally, but may also be invoked from GC_expand_hp by the user.   */
/* The argument is in units of HBLKSIZE (tiny values are rounded up).   */
/* Returns FALSE on failure.                                            */
GC_INNER GC_bool GC_expand_hp_inner(word n)
{
    size_t bytes;
    struct hblk * space;
    word expansion_slop;        /* Number of bytes by which we expect the */
                                /* heap to expand soon.                   */

    if (n < MINHINCR) n = MINHINCR;
    bytes = ROUNDUP_PAGESIZE((size_t)n * HBLKSIZE);
    if (GC_max_heapsize != 0
        && (GC_max_heapsize < (word)bytes
            || GC_heapsize > GC_max_heapsize - (word)bytes)) {
        /* Exceeded self-imposed limit */
        return(FALSE);
    }
    space = GET_MEM(bytes);
    GC_add_to_our_memory((ptr_t)space, bytes);
    if (space == 0) {
        WARN("Failed to expand heap by %" WARN_PRIdPTR " bytes\n",
             (word)bytes);
        return(FALSE);
    }
    GC_INFOLOG_PRINTF("Grow heap to %lu KiB after %lu bytes allocated\n",
                      TO_KiB_UL(GC_heapsize + (word)bytes),
                      (unsigned long)GC_bytes_allocd);
    /* Adjust heap limits generously for blacklisting to work better.   */
    /* GC_add_to_heap performs minimal adjustment needed for            */
    /* correctness.                                                     */
    expansion_slop = min_bytes_allocd() + 4*MAXHINCR*HBLKSIZE;
    if ((GC_last_heap_addr == 0 && !((word)space & SIGNB))
        || (GC_last_heap_addr != 0
            && (word)GC_last_heap_addr < (word)space)) {
        /* Assume the heap is growing up */
        word new_limit = (word)space + (word)bytes + expansion_slop;
        if (new_limit > (word)space) {
          GC_greatest_plausible_heap_addr =
            (void *)GC_max((word)GC_greatest_plausible_heap_addr,
                           (word)new_limit);
        }
    } else {
        /* Heap is growing down */
        word new_limit = (word)space - expansion_slop;
        if (new_limit < (word)space) {
          GC_least_plausible_heap_addr =
            (void *)GC_min((word)GC_least_plausible_heap_addr,
                           (word)space - expansion_slop);
        }
    }
    GC_prev_heap_addr = GC_last_heap_addr;
    GC_last_heap_addr = (ptr_t)space;
    GC_add_to_heap(space, bytes);
    /* Force GC before we are likely to allocate past expansion_slop */
      GC_collect_at_heapsize =
         GC_heapsize + expansion_slop - 2*MAXHINCR*HBLKSIZE;
      if (GC_collect_at_heapsize < GC_heapsize /* wrapped */)
         GC_collect_at_heapsize = (word)(-1);
    if (GC_on_heap_resize)
      (*GC_on_heap_resize)(GC_heapsize);

    return(TRUE);
}

/* Really returns a bool, but it's externally visible, so that's clumsy. */
/* Arguments is in bytes.  Includes GC_init() call.                      */
GC_API int GC_CALL GC_expand_hp(size_t bytes)
{
    int result;
    DCL_LOCK_STATE;

    if (!EXPECT(GC_is_initialized, TRUE)) GC_init();
    LOCK();
    result = (int)GC_expand_hp_inner(divHBLKSZ((word)bytes));
    if (result) GC_requested_heapsize += bytes;
    UNLOCK();
    return(result);
}

word GC_fo_entries = 0; /* used also in extra/MacOS.c */

GC_INNER unsigned GC_fail_count = 0;
                        /* How many consecutive GC/expansion failures?  */
                        /* Reset by GC_allochblk.                       */

static word last_fo_entries = 0;
static word last_bytes_finalized = 0;

#define GC_WORD_MAX (~(word)0)

/* Collect or expand heap in an attempt make the indicated number of    */
/* free blocks available.  Should be called until the blocks are        */
/* available (setting retry value to TRUE unless this is the first call */
/* in a loop) or until it fails by returning FALSE.                     */
GC_INNER GC_bool GC_collect_or_expand(word needed_blocks,
                                      GC_bool ignore_off_page,
                                      GC_bool retry)
{
    GC_bool gc_not_stopped = TRUE;
    word blocks_to_get;
    IF_CANCEL(int cancel_state;)

    DISABLE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
    if (!GC_incremental && !GC_dont_gc &&
        ((GC_dont_expand && GC_bytes_allocd > 0)
         || (GC_fo_entries > (last_fo_entries + 500)
             && (last_bytes_finalized | GC_bytes_finalized) != 0)
         || GC_should_collect())) {
      /* Try to do a full collection using 'default' stop_func (unless  */
      /* nothing has been allocated since the latest collection or heap */
      /* expansion is disabled).                                        */
      gc_not_stopped = GC_try_to_collect_inner(
                        GC_bytes_allocd > 0 && (!GC_dont_expand || !retry) ?
                        GC_default_stop_func : GC_never_stop_func);
      if (gc_not_stopped == TRUE || !retry) {
        /* Either the collection hasn't been aborted or this is the     */
        /* first attempt (in a loop).                                   */
        last_fo_entries = GC_fo_entries;
        last_bytes_finalized = GC_bytes_finalized;
        RESTORE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
        return(TRUE);
      }
    }

    blocks_to_get = (GC_heapsize - GC_heapsize_at_forced_unmap)
                        / (HBLKSIZE * GC_free_space_divisor)
                    + needed_blocks;
    if (blocks_to_get > MAXHINCR) {
      word slop;

      /* Get the minimum required to make it likely that we can satisfy */
      /* the current request in the presence of black-listing.          */
      /* This will probably be more than MAXHINCR.                      */
      if (ignore_off_page) {
        slop = 4;
      } else {
        slop = 2 * divHBLKSZ(BL_LIMIT);
        if (slop > needed_blocks) slop = needed_blocks;
      }
      if (needed_blocks + slop > MAXHINCR) {
        blocks_to_get = needed_blocks + slop;
      } else {
        blocks_to_get = MAXHINCR;
      }
      if (blocks_to_get > divHBLKSZ(GC_WORD_MAX))
        blocks_to_get = divHBLKSZ(GC_WORD_MAX);
    }

    if (!GC_expand_hp_inner(blocks_to_get)
        && (blocks_to_get == needed_blocks
            || !GC_expand_hp_inner(needed_blocks))) {
      if (gc_not_stopped == FALSE) {
        /* Don't increment GC_fail_count here (and no warning).     */
        GC_gcollect_inner();
        GC_ASSERT(GC_bytes_allocd == 0);
      } else if (GC_fail_count++ < GC_max_retries) {
        WARN("Out of Memory!  Trying to continue...\n", 0);
        GC_gcollect_inner();
      } else {
#       if !defined(AMIGA) || !defined(GC_AMIGA_FASTALLOC)
          WARN("Out of Memory! Heap size: %" WARN_PRIdPTR " MiB."
               " Returning NULL!\n", (GC_heapsize - GC_unmapped_bytes) >> 20);
#       endif
        RESTORE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
        return(FALSE);
      }
    } else if (GC_fail_count) {
      GC_COND_LOG_PRINTF("Memory available again...\n");
    }
    RESTORE_CANCEL(cancel_state);
    return(TRUE);
}

/*
 * Make sure the object free list for size gran (in granules) is not empty.
 * Return a pointer to the first object on the free list.
 * The object MUST BE REMOVED FROM THE FREE LIST BY THE CALLER.
 * Assumes we hold the allocator lock.
 */
GC_INNER ptr_t GC_allocobj(size_t gran, int kind)
{
    void ** flh = &(GC_obj_kinds[kind].ok_freelist[gran]);
    GC_bool tried_minor = FALSE;
    GC_bool retry = FALSE;

    if (gran == 0) return(0);

    while (*flh == 0) {
      ENTER_GC();
      /* Do our share of marking work */
        if(TRUE_INCREMENTAL) GC_collect_a_little_inner(1);
      /* Sweep blocks for objects of this size */
        GC_continue_reclaim(gran, kind);
      EXIT_GC();
      if (*flh == 0) {
        GC_new_hblk(gran, kind);
        if (*flh == 0) {
          ENTER_GC();
          if (GC_incremental && GC_time_limit == GC_TIME_UNLIMITED
              && !tried_minor) {
            GC_collect_a_little_inner(1);
            tried_minor = TRUE;
          } else {
            if (!GC_collect_or_expand(1, FALSE, retry)) {
              EXIT_GC();
              return(0);
            }
            retry = TRUE;
          }
          EXIT_GC();
        }
      }
    }
    /* Successful allocation; reset failure count.      */
    GC_fail_count = 0;

    return(*flh);
}