File: CONTRIBUTING.md

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# Welcome to libgit2!

We're making it easy to do interesting things with git, and we'd love to have
your help.

## Licensing

By contributing to libgit2, you agree to release your contribution under
the terms of the license.  Except for the `examples` directory, all code
is released under the [GPL v2 with linking exception](COPYING).

The `examples` code is governed by the
[CC0 Public Domain Dedication](examples/COPYING), so that you may copy
from them into your own application.

## Discussion & Chat

We hang out in the
[`#libgit2`](http://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=#libgit2)) channel on
irc.freenode.net.

Also, feel free to open an
[Issue](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/issues/new) to start a discussion
about any concerns you have.  We like to use Issues for that so there is an
easily accessible permanent record of the conversation.

## Libgit2 Versions

The `master` branch is the main branch where development happens.
Releases are tagged
(e.g. [v0.21.0](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/releases/tag/v0.21.0) )
and when a critical bug fix needs to be backported, it will be done on a
`<tag>-maint` maintenance branch.

## Reporting Bugs

First, know which version of libgit2 your problem is in and include it in
your bug report.  This can either be a tag (e.g.
[v0.17.0](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/releases/tag/v0.17.0)) or a
commit SHA
(e.g. [01be7863](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/commit/01be7863)).
Using [`git describe`](http://git-scm.com/docs/git-describe) is a
great way to tell us what version you're working with.

If you're not running against the latest `master` branch version,
please compile and test against that to avoid re-reporting an issue that's
already been fixed.

It's *incredibly* helpful to be able to reproduce the problem.  Please
include a list of steps, a bit of code, and/or a zipped repository (if
possible).  Note that some of the libgit2 developers are employees of
GitHub, so if your repository is private, find us on IRC and we'll figure
out a way to help you.

## Pull Requests

Our work flow is a [typical GitHub
flow](https://guides.github.com/introduction/flow/index.html), where
contributors fork the [libgit2 repository](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2),
make their changes on branch, and submit a
[Pull Request](https://help.github.com/articles/using-pull-requests)
(a.k.a. "PR").  Pull requests should usually be targeted at the `master`
branch.

Life will be a lot easier for you (and us) if you follow this pattern
(i.e. fork, named branch, submit PR).  If you use your fork's `master`
branch directly, things can get messy.

Please include a nice description of your changes when you submit your PR;
if we have to read the whole diff to figure out why you're contributing
in the first place, you're less likely to get feedback and have your change
merged in.

If you are starting to work on a particular area, feel free to submit a PR
that highlights your work in progress (and note in the PR title that it's
not ready to merge). These early PRs are welcome and will help in getting
visibility for your fix, allow others to comment early on the changes and
also let others know that you are currently working on something.

Before wrapping up a PR, you should be sure to:

* Write tests to cover any functional changes
* Update documentation for any changed public APIs
* Add to the [`CHANGELOG.md`](CHANGELOG.md) file describing any major changes

## Unit Tests

We believe that our unit tests allow us to keep the quality of libgit2
high: any new changes must not cause unit test failures, and new changes
should include unit tests that cover the bug fixes or new features.
For bug fixes, we prefer unit tests that illustrate the failure before
the change, but pass with your changes.

In addition to new tests, please ensure that your changes do not cause
any other test failures.  Running the entire test suite is helpful
before you submit a pull request.  When you build libgit2, the test
suite will also be built.  You can run all tests by simply running
the resultant `libgit2_clar` binary.  If you want to run a specific
unit test, you can name it with the `-s` option.  For example:

    libgit2_clar -sstatus::worktree::long_filenames

Or you can run an entire class of tests.  For example, to run all the
worktree status tests:

    libgit2_clar -sstatus::worktree

## Porting Code From Other Open-Source Projects

`libgit2` is licensed under the terms of the GPL v2 with a linking
exception.  Any code brought in must be compatible with those terms.

The most common case is porting code from core Git.  Git is a pure GPL
project, which means that in order to port code to this project, we need the
explicit permission of the author.  Check the
[`git.git-authors`](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/blob/development/git.git-authors)
file for authors who have already consented.

Other licenses have other requirements; check the license of the library
you're porting code *from* to see what you need to do.  As a general rule,
MIT and BSD (3-clause) licenses are typically no problem.  Apache 2.0
license typically doesn't work due to GPL incompatibility.

If your pull request uses code from core Git, another project, or code
from a forum / Stack Overflow, then *please* flag this in your PR and make
sure you've given proper credit to the original author in the code
snippet.

## Style Guide

The public API of `libgit2` is [ANSI C](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ANSI_C)
(a.k.a. C89) compatible.  Internally, `libgit2` is written using a portable
subset of C99 - in order to compile with GCC, Clang, MSVC, etc., we keep
local variable declarations at the tops of blocks only and avoid `//` style
comments.  Additionally, `libgit2` follows some extra conventions for
function and type naming, code formatting, and testing.

We like to keep the source code consistent and easy to read.  Maintaining
this takes some discipline, but it's been more than worth it.  Take a look
at the [conventions
file](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/blob/development/CONVENTIONS.md).

## Starter Projects

See our [projects
list](https://github.com/libgit2/libgit2/blob/development/PROJECTS.md).