File: spatialreference.cpp

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/******************************************************************************
 * $Id: lasspatialreference.cpp 1104 2009-03-17 04:15:19Z hobu $
 *
 * Project:  libLAS - http://liblas.org - A BSD library for LAS format data.
 * Purpose:  LAS Spatial Reference class
 * Author:   Howard Butler, hobu.inc@gmail.com
 *           Frank Warmerdam, warmerdam@pobox.com
 *
 ******************************************************************************
 * Copyright (c) 2009, Howard Butler
 *
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following
 * conditions are met:
 *
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *       with the distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of the Martin Isenburg or Iowa Department
 *       of Natural Resources nor the names of its contributors may be
 *       used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *       without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
 * BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS
 * OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED
 * AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
 * OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
 * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY
 * OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 ****************************************************************************/


// GDAL OSR
#ifdef HAVE_GDAL

// Supress inclusion of cpl_serv.h per #194, perhaps remove one day
// when libgeotiff 1.4.0+ is widely used
#define CPL_SERV_H_INCLUDED

#include <ogr_srs_api.h>
#include <cpl_port.h>
#include <geo_normalize.h>
#include <geovalues.h>
#include <ogr_spatialref.h>
#include <gdal.h>
#include <xtiffio.h>
#include <cpl_multiproc.h>
#endif

// GeoTIFF
#ifdef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF
#include <geotiff.h>
#include <geo_simpletags.h>
#include <geo_normalize.h>
#include <geo_simpletags.h>
#include <geovalues.h>
#endif // HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF

#include <liblas/spatialreference.hpp>
#include <liblas/detail/private_utility.hpp>
#include <liblas/external/property_tree/xml_parser.hpp>
// boost
#include <boost/concept_check.hpp>
#include <boost/cstdint.hpp>
// std
#include <stdexcept>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

#ifdef HAVE_GDAL
#  include "cpl_conv.h"
#endif

using namespace boost;

namespace liblas {

SpatialReference::SpatialReference()
    : m_gtiff(0)
    , m_tiff(0)
{
    assert(0 == m_gtiff);
    assert(0 == m_tiff);
}

SpatialReference::SpatialReference(std::vector<VariableRecord> const& vlrs)
    : m_gtiff(0)
    , m_tiff(0)
{
    SetVLRs(vlrs);
    GetGTIF();
}

SpatialReference::SpatialReference(SpatialReference const& other)
    : m_gtiff(0)
    , m_tiff(0)
    , m_wkt(other.m_wkt)
{
    SetVLRs(other.GetVLRs());
    GetGTIF();
}

SpatialReference& SpatialReference::operator=(SpatialReference const& rhs)
{
    if (&rhs != this)
    {
        SetVLRs(rhs.GetVLRs());
        GetGTIF();
        m_wkt = rhs.m_wkt;
    }
    return *this;
}

bool SpatialReference::operator==(const SpatialReference& input) const
{
#ifdef HAVE_GDAL

    OGRSpatialReferenceH current = OSRNewSpatialReference(GetWKT(eCompoundOK, false).c_str());
    OGRSpatialReferenceH other = OSRNewSpatialReference(input.GetWKT(eCompoundOK, false).c_str());

    int output = OSRIsSame(current, other);

    OSRDestroySpatialReference( current );
    OSRDestroySpatialReference( other );

    return bool(output == 1);

#else
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(input);
    throw std::runtime_error ("SpatialReference equality testing not available without GDAL+libgeotiff support");
#endif

}

SpatialReference::~SpatialReference()
{
#ifdef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF
    if (m_gtiff != 0)
    {
        GTIFFree(m_gtiff);
        m_gtiff = 0;
    }
    if (m_tiff != 0)
    {
        ST_Destroy(m_tiff);
        m_tiff = 0;
    }
#endif
}

/// Keep a copy of the VLRs that are related to GeoTIFF SRS information.
void SpatialReference::SetVLRs(std::vector<VariableRecord> const& vlrs)
{

    std::string const uid("LASF_Projection");

    // Wipe out any existing VLRs that might exist on the SpatialReference
    m_vlrs.clear();

    // We only copy VLR records from the list which are related to GeoTIFF keys.
    // They must have an id of "LASF_Projection" and a record id that's related.
    std::vector<VariableRecord>::const_iterator it;
    for (it = vlrs.begin(); it != vlrs.end(); ++it)
    {
        VariableRecord const& vlr = *it;
        if (IsGeoVLR(vlr))
        {
            m_vlrs.push_back(vlr);
        }
    }
}

void SpatialReference::AddVLR(VariableRecord const& vlr)
{
    if (IsGeoVLR(vlr))
    {
        m_vlrs.push_back(vlr);
    }
}

bool SpatialReference::IsGeoVLR(VariableRecord const& vlr) const
{
    std::string const las_projid("LASF_Projection");
    std::string const liblas_id("liblas");

    // GTIFF_GEOKEYDIRECTORY == 34735
    if (las_projid == vlr.GetUserId(true).c_str() && 34735 == vlr.GetRecordId())
    {
        return true;
    }

    // GTIFF_DOUBLEPARAMS == 34736
    if (las_projid == vlr.GetUserId(true).c_str() && 34736 == vlr.GetRecordId())
    {
        return true;
    }

    // GTIFF_ASCIIPARAMS == 34737
    if (las_projid == vlr.GetUserId(true).c_str() && 34737 == vlr.GetRecordId())
    {
        return true;
    }

    // OGR_WKT?
    if (liblas_id == vlr.GetUserId(true).c_str() && 2112 == vlr.GetRecordId())
    {
        return true;
    }

    return false;
}

std::vector<VariableRecord> SpatialReference::GetVLRs() const
{
    return m_vlrs;
}

void SpatialReference::ClearVLRs( GeoVLRType eType )

{
    std::vector<VariableRecord>::iterator it;
    std::string const liblas_id("liblas");

    for (it = m_vlrs.begin(); it != m_vlrs.end(); )
    {
        VariableRecord const& vlr = *it;
        bool wipe = false;

        // for now we can assume all m_vlrs records are LASF_Projection.
        if( eType == eOGRWKT &&
            2112 == vlr.GetRecordId() &&
            liblas_id == vlr.GetUserId(true).c_str() )
            wipe = true;

        else if( eType == eGeoTIFF
                 && (34735 == vlr.GetRecordId()
                     || 34736 == vlr.GetRecordId()
                     || 34737 == vlr.GetRecordId()) )
            wipe = true;

        if( wipe )
            it = m_vlrs.erase( it );
        else
            ++it;
    }

    if( eType == eOGRWKT )
        m_wkt = "";
    else if( eType == eGeoTIFF )
    {
#ifdef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF
        if (m_gtiff != 0)
        {
            GTIFFree(m_gtiff);
            m_gtiff = 0;
        }
        if (m_tiff != 0)
        {
            ST_Destroy(m_tiff);
            m_tiff = 0;
        }
#endif
    }
}

void SpatialReference::ResetVLRs()
{

    m_vlrs.clear();

#ifdef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF

    int ret = 0;
    short* kdata = 0;
    short kvalue = 0;
    double* ddata = 0;
    double dvalue = 0;
    uint8_t* adata = 0;
    uint8_t avalue = 0;
    int dtype = 0;
    int dcount = 0;
    int ktype = 0;
    int kcount = 0;
    int acount = 0;
    int atype =0;

    if (!m_tiff)
        throw std::invalid_argument("m_tiff was null, cannot reset VLRs without m_tiff");

    if (!m_gtiff)
        throw std::invalid_argument("m_gtiff was null, cannot reset VLRs without m_gtiff");

    //GTIFF_GEOKEYDIRECTORY == 34735
    ret = ST_GetKey(m_tiff, 34735, &kcount, &ktype, (void**)&kdata);
    if (ret)
    {
        VariableRecord record;
        int i = 0;
        record.SetRecordId(34735);
        record.SetUserId("LASF_Projection");
        record.SetDescription("GeoTIFF GeoKeyDirectoryTag");
        std::vector<uint8_t> data;

        // Shorts are 2 bytes in length
        uint16_t length = 2 * static_cast<uint16_t>(kcount);
        record.SetRecordLength(length);

        // Copy the data into the data vector
        for (i = 0; i < kcount; i++)
        {
            kvalue = kdata[i];

            uint8_t* v = reinterpret_cast<uint8_t*>(&kvalue);

            data.push_back(v[0]);
            data.push_back(v[1]);
        }

        record.SetData(data);
        m_vlrs.push_back(record);
    }

    // GTIFF_DOUBLEPARAMS == 34736
    ret = ST_GetKey(m_tiff, 34736, &dcount, &dtype, (void**)&ddata);
    if (ret)
    {
        VariableRecord record;
        int i = 0;
        record.SetRecordId(34736);
        record.SetUserId("LASF_Projection");
        record.SetDescription("GeoTIFF GeoDoubleParamsTag");

        std::vector<uint8_t> data;

        // Doubles are 8 bytes in length
        uint16_t length = 8 * static_cast<uint16_t>(dcount);
        record.SetRecordLength(length);

        // Copy the data into the data vector
        for (i=0; i<dcount;i++)
        {
            dvalue = ddata[i];

            uint8_t* v =  reinterpret_cast<uint8_t*>(&dvalue);

            data.push_back(v[0]);
            data.push_back(v[1]);
            data.push_back(v[2]);
            data.push_back(v[3]);
            data.push_back(v[4]);
            data.push_back(v[5]);
            data.push_back(v[6]);
            data.push_back(v[7]);
        }
        record.SetData(data);
        m_vlrs.push_back(record);
    }

    // GTIFF_ASCIIPARAMS == 34737
    ret = ST_GetKey(m_tiff, 34737, &acount, &atype, (void**)&adata);
    if (ret)
    {
         VariableRecord record;
         int i = 0;
         record.SetRecordId(34737);
         record.SetUserId("LASF_Projection");
         record.SetDescription("GeoTIFF GeoAsciiParamsTag");
         std::vector<uint8_t> data;

         // whoa.  If the returned count was 0, it is because there
         // was a bug in libgeotiff that existed before r1531 where it
         // didn't calculate the string length for an ASCII geotiff tag.
         // We need to throw an exception in this case because we're
         // screwed, and if we don't we'll end up writing bad GeoTIFF keys.
         if (!acount)
         {
             throw std::runtime_error("GeoTIFF ASCII key with no returned size. "
                                      "Upgrade your libgeotiff to a version greater "
                                      "than r1531 (libgeotiff 1.2.6)");
         }

         uint16_t length = static_cast<uint16_t>(acount);
         record.SetRecordLength(length);

         // Copy the data into the data vector
         for (i=0; i<acount;i++)
         {
             avalue = adata[i];
             uint8_t* v =  reinterpret_cast<uint8_t*>(&avalue);
             data.push_back(v[0]);
         }
         record.SetData(data);

        if (data.size() > (std::numeric_limits<uint16_t>::max()))
        {
            std::ostringstream oss;
            std::vector<uint8_t>::size_type overrun = data.size() - static_cast<std::vector<uint8_t>::size_type>(std::numeric_limits<uint16_t>::max());
            oss << "The size of the GeoTIFF GeoAsciiParamsTag, " << data.size() << ", is " << overrun
                << " bytes too large to fit inside the maximum size of a VLR which is "
                << (std::numeric_limits<uint16_t>::max()) << " bytes.";
            throw std::runtime_error(oss.str());

        }

         m_vlrs.push_back(record);
    }
#endif // ndef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF


    if( m_wkt == "" )
        m_wkt = GetWKT( eCompoundOK );

    // Add a WKT VLR if we have a WKT definition.
    if( m_wkt != "" )
    {
        VariableRecord wkt_record;
        std::vector<uint8_t> data;
        const uint8_t* wkt_bytes = reinterpret_cast<const uint8_t*>(m_wkt.c_str());

        wkt_record.SetRecordId( 2112 );
        wkt_record.SetUserId("liblas");
        wkt_record.SetDescription( "OGR variant of OpenGIS WKT SRS" );

        // Would you be surprised if this remarshalling of bytes
        // was annoying to me? FrankW
        while( *wkt_bytes != 0 )
            data.push_back( *(wkt_bytes++) );

        data.push_back( '\0' );

        if (data.size() > std::numeric_limits<uint16_t>::max())
        {
            std::ostringstream oss;
            std::vector<uint8_t>::size_type overrun = data.size() - static_cast<std::vector<uint8_t>::size_type>(std::numeric_limits<uint16_t>::max());
            oss << "The size of the wkt, " << data.size() << ", is " << overrun
                << " bytes too large to fit inside the maximum size of a VLR which is "
                << std::numeric_limits<uint16_t>::max() << " bytes.";
            throw std::runtime_error(oss.str());

        }


        wkt_record.SetRecordLength( static_cast<uint16_t>(data.size()) );
        wkt_record.SetData(data);

        // not to speak of this additional copy!
        m_vlrs.push_back( wkt_record );
    }
}

void SpatialReference::SetGTIF(GTIF* pgtiff, ST_TIFF* ptiff)
{
    m_gtiff = (GTIF*)pgtiff;
    m_tiff = (ST_TIFF*)ptiff;
    ResetVLRs();
    m_gtiff = 0;
    m_tiff = 0;
}
const GTIF* SpatialReference::GetGTIF()
{
#ifndef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF
    return 0;
#else

    // If we already have m_gtiff and m_tiff, that is because we have
    // already called GetGTIF once before.  VLRs ultimately drive how the
    // SpatialReference is defined, not the GeoTIFF keys.
    if (m_tiff != 0 )
    {
        ST_Destroy(m_tiff);
        m_tiff = 0;
    }

    if (m_gtiff != 0 )
    {
        GTIFFree(m_gtiff);
        m_gtiff = 0;
    }

    m_tiff = ST_Create();
    std::string const uid("LASF_Projection");

    // Nothing is going to happen here if we don't have any VLRs describing
    // SRS information on the SpatialReference.
    for (uint16_t i = 0; i < m_vlrs.size(); ++i)
    {
        VariableRecord record = m_vlrs[i];
        std::vector<uint8_t> data = record.GetData();

        if (uid == record.GetUserId(true).c_str() &&
            34735 == record.GetRecordId())
        {
#pragma pack(push)
#pragma pack(1)
            struct ShortKeyHeader
            {
                uint16_t dirVersion;
                uint16_t keyRev;
                uint16_t minorRev;
                uint16_t numKeys;
            };
#pragma pack(pop)

            ShortKeyHeader *header = (ShortKeyHeader *)data.data();
            // Calculate the number of shorts in the VLR data.
            // The '+ 1' accounts for the header itself.
            int count = (header->numKeys + 1) * 4;
            short *data_s = reinterpret_cast<short *>( &(data[0]));

            ST_SetKey(m_tiff, record.GetRecordId(), count, STT_SHORT, data_s);
        }

        if (uid == record.GetUserId(true).c_str() &&
            34736 == record.GetRecordId())
        {
            int count = data.size() / sizeof(double);
            ST_SetKey(m_tiff, record.GetRecordId(), count, STT_DOUBLE, &(data[0]));
        }

        if (uid == record.GetUserId(true).c_str() &&
            34737 == record.GetRecordId())
        {
            int count = data.size()/sizeof(uint8_t);
            ST_SetKey(m_tiff, record.GetRecordId(), count, STT_ASCII, &(data[0]));
        }
    }

    m_gtiff = GTIFNewSimpleTags(m_tiff);
    if (!m_gtiff)
        throw std::runtime_error("The geotiff keys could not be read from VLR records");

    return m_gtiff;
#endif
}

std::string SpatialReference::GetWKT( WKTModeFlag mode_flag) const
{
    return GetWKT(mode_flag, false);
}

/// Fetch the SRS as WKT
std::string SpatialReference::GetWKT(WKTModeFlag mode_flag , bool pretty) const
{
#ifndef HAVE_GDAL
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(mode_flag);
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(pretty);

    // we don't have a way of making this pretty, or of stripping the compound wrapper.
    return m_wkt;
#else

    // If we already have Well Known Text then try return it, possibly
    // after some preprocessing.
    if( m_wkt != "" )
    {
        std::string result_wkt = m_wkt;

        if( (mode_flag == eHorizontalOnly
             && strstr(result_wkt.c_str(),"COMPD_CS") != NULL)
            || pretty )
        {
            OGRSpatialReference* poSRS = (OGRSpatialReference*) OSRNewSpatialReference(result_wkt.c_str());
            char *pszWKT = NULL;

            if( mode_flag == eHorizontalOnly )
                poSRS->StripVertical();

            if (pretty)
                poSRS->exportToPrettyWkt(&pszWKT, FALSE );
            else
                poSRS->exportToWkt( &pszWKT );

            OGRSpatialReference::DestroySpatialReference( poSRS );

            result_wkt = pszWKT;
            CPLFree( pszWKT );
        }

        return result_wkt;
    }

    // Otherwise build WKT from GeoTIFF VLRs.

    GTIFDefn sGTIFDefn;
    char* pszWKT = 0;
    if (!m_gtiff)
    {
        return std::string();
    }

    if (GTIFGetDefn(m_gtiff, &sGTIFDefn))
    {
        pszWKT = GTIFGetOGISDefn( m_gtiff, &sGTIFDefn );

        if (pretty) {
            OGRSpatialReference* poSRS = (OGRSpatialReference*) OSRNewSpatialReference(NULL);
#if GDAL_VERSION_MAJOR > 2 || (GDAL_VERSION_MAJOR == 2 && GDAL_VERSION_MINOR >= 3)
            poSRS->importFromWkt( pszWKT );
#else
            char *pszOrigWKT = pszWKT;
            poSRS->importFromWkt( &pszOrigWKT );
#endif

            CPLFree( pszWKT );
            pszWKT = NULL;
            poSRS->exportToPrettyWkt(&pszWKT, false);
            OGRSpatialReference::DestroySpatialReference( poSRS );

        }

        // save this for future calls, etc.
        // m_wkt = std::string( pszWKT );

        // Older versions of GDAL lack StripVertical(), but should never
        // actually return COMPD_CS anyways.
#if (GDAL_VERSION_NUM >= 1700) && (GDAL_RELEASE_DATE >= 20100110)
        if( pszWKT
            && mode_flag == eHorizontalOnly
            && strstr(pszWKT,"COMPD_CS") != NULL )
        {
            OGRSpatialReference* poSRS = (OGRSpatialReference*) OSRNewSpatialReference(NULL);
#if GDAL_VERSION_MAJOR > 2 || (GDAL_VERSION_MAJOR == 2 && GDAL_VERSION_MINOR >= 3)
            poSRS->importFromWkt( pszWKT );
#else
            char *pszOrigWKT = pszWKT;
            poSRS->importFromWkt( &pszOrigWKT );
#endif

            CPLFree( pszWKT );
            pszWKT = NULL;

            poSRS->StripVertical();
            if (pretty)
                poSRS->exportToPrettyWkt(&pszWKT, false);
            else
                poSRS->exportToWkt( &pszWKT );

            OGRSpatialReference::DestroySpatialReference( poSRS );
        }
#else
        boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(mode_flag);
#endif

        if (pszWKT)
        {
            std::string tmp(pszWKT);
            CPLFree(pszWKT);
            return tmp;
        }
    }
    return std::string();
#endif
}

void SpatialReference::SetFromUserInput(std::string const& v)
{
#ifdef HAVE_GDAL

    char* poWKT = 0;
    const char* input = v.c_str();

    // OGRSpatialReference* poSRS = (OGRSpatialReference*) OSRNewSpatialReference(NULL);
    OGRSpatialReference srs(NULL);
    if (OGRERR_NONE != srs.SetFromUserInput(input))
    {
        throw std::invalid_argument("could not import coordinate system into OSRSpatialReference SetFromUserInput");
    }

    srs.exportToWkt(&poWKT);

    std::string tmp(poWKT);
    CPLFree(poWKT);

    SetWKT(tmp);
#else
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(v);
    throw std::runtime_error("GDAL is not available, SpatialReference could not be set from WKT");
#endif
}

void SpatialReference::SetWKT(std::string const& v)
{
    m_wkt = v;

    if (!m_gtiff)
    {
        GetGTIF();
    }

#ifdef HAVE_GDAL
    int ret = 0;
    ret = GTIFSetFromOGISDefn( m_gtiff, v.c_str() );
    if (!ret)
    {
        throw std::invalid_argument("could not set m_gtiff from WKT");
    }

    ret = GTIFWriteKeys(m_gtiff);
    if (!ret)
    {
        throw std::runtime_error("The geotiff keys could not be written");
    }
#else
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(v);
#endif

    ResetVLRs();
}

void SpatialReference::SetVerticalCS(boost::int32_t verticalCSType,
                                     std::string const& citation,
                                     boost::int32_t verticalDatum,
                                     boost::int32_t verticalUnits)
{
    if (!m_gtiff)
    {
        GetGTIF();
    }

#ifdef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF
    if( verticalCSType != KvUserDefined && verticalCSType > 0 )
        GTIFKeySet( m_gtiff, VerticalCSTypeGeoKey, TYPE_SHORT, 1,
                    verticalCSType );

    if( citation != "" )
        GTIFKeySet( m_gtiff, VerticalCitationGeoKey, TYPE_ASCII, 0,
                    citation.c_str() );

    if( verticalDatum > 0 && verticalDatum != KvUserDefined )
        GTIFKeySet( m_gtiff, VerticalDatumGeoKey, TYPE_SHORT, 1,
                    verticalDatum );

    if( verticalUnits > 0 && verticalUnits != KvUserDefined )
        GTIFKeySet( m_gtiff, VerticalUnitsGeoKey, TYPE_SHORT, 1,
                    verticalUnits );

    int ret = GTIFWriteKeys(m_gtiff);
    if (!ret)
    {
        throw std::runtime_error("The geotiff keys could not be written");
    }

    // Clear WKT so it gets regenerated
    m_wkt = std::string("");

    ResetVLRs();
#else
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(citation);
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(verticalUnits);
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(verticalDatum);
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(verticalCSType);
#endif /* def HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF */
}

std::string SpatialReference::GetProj4() const
{
#ifdef HAVE_GDAL

    std::string wkt = GetWKT(eCompoundOK);
    const char* poWKT = wkt.c_str();

    OGRSpatialReference srs(NULL);
#if GDAL_VERSION_MAJOR > 2 || (GDAL_VERSION_MAJOR == 2 && GDAL_VERSION_MINOR >= 3)
    if (OGRERR_NONE != srs.importFromWkt(poWKT))
#else
    if (OGRERR_NONE != srs.importFromWkt(const_cast<char **> (&poWKT)))
#endif
    {
        return std::string();
    }

    char* proj4 = 0;
    srs.exportToProj4(&proj4);
    std::string tmp(proj4);
    CPLFree(proj4);

    return tmp;
#endif

// if we have libgeotiff but not GDAL, we'll use the
// simple method in libgeotiff
#if defined(HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF) && !defined(HAVE_GDAL)

    GTIFDefn defn;

    if (m_gtiff && GTIFGetDefn(m_gtiff, &defn))
    {
        char* proj4def = GTIFGetProj4Defn(&defn);
        std::string tmp(proj4def);
        GTIFFreeMemory( proj4def );
        return tmp;
    }
#endif

#ifndef HAVE_GDAL
    // By default or if we have neither GDAL nor proj.4, we can't do squat
    return std::string();
#endif
}

void SpatialReference::SetProj4(std::string const& v)
{
    if (!m_gtiff)
    {
        GetGTIF();
        ResetVLRs();
    }

#ifdef HAVE_GDAL
    char* poWKT = 0;
    const char* poProj4 = v.c_str();

    OGRSpatialReference srs(NULL);
    if (OGRERR_NONE != srs.importFromProj4(const_cast<char *>(poProj4)))
    {
        throw std::invalid_argument("could not import proj4 into OSRSpatialReference SetProj4");
    }

    srs.exportToWkt(&poWKT);

    std::string tmp(poWKT);
    CPLFree(poWKT);

    int ret = 0;
    ret = GTIFSetFromOGISDefn( m_gtiff, tmp.c_str() );
    if (!ret)
    {
        throw std::invalid_argument("could not set m_gtiff from Proj4");
    }

    ret = GTIFWriteKeys(m_gtiff);
    if (!ret)
    {
        throw std::runtime_error("The geotiff keys could not be written");
    }

    GTIFDefn defn;

    if (m_gtiff && GTIFGetDefn(m_gtiff, &defn))
    {
        char* proj4def = GTIFGetProj4Defn(&defn);
        std::string tmp(proj4def);
        GTIFFreeMemory( proj4def );
    }
#else
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(v);
#endif

// if we have libgeotiff but not GDAL, we'll use the
// simple method in libgeotiff
#if defined(HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF) && !defined(HAVE_GDAL)

    int ret = 0;
    ret = GTIFSetFromProj4( m_gtiff, v.c_str());
    if (!ret)
    {
        throw std::invalid_argument("PROJ.4 string is invalid or unsupported");
    }

    ret = GTIFWriteKeys(m_gtiff);
    if (!ret)
    {
        throw std::runtime_error("The geotiff keys could not be written");
    }
#endif

    ResetVLRs();
}

liblas::property_tree::ptree SpatialReference::GetPTree( ) const
{
    using liblas::property_tree::ptree;
    ptree srs;

#if defined(HAVE_GDAL)
    srs.put("proj4", GetProj4());
    srs.put("prettywkt", GetWKT(liblas::SpatialReference::eHorizontalOnly, true));
    srs.put("wkt", GetWKT(liblas::SpatialReference::eHorizontalOnly, false));
    srs.put("compoundwkt", GetWKT(eCompoundOK, false));
    srs.put("prettycompoundwkt", GetWKT(eCompoundOK, true));
    srs.put("gtiff", GetGTIFFText());
#endif

#if defined(HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF) && !defined(HAVE_GDAL)

    std::string message("Reference defined, but GDAL is not available for WKT support");
    srs.put("proj4", GetProj4());
    srs.put("prettywkt", message);
    srs.put("wkt", message);
    srs.put("compoundwkt", message);
    srs.put("prettycompoundwkt", message);
    srs.put("gtiff", GetGTIFFText());
#endif

#if !defined(HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF) && !defined(HAVE_GDAL)

    std::string message;
    if (m_vlrs.size() > 0 && m_wkt.size() == 0)
    {
        message = "Reference defined with VLR keys, but GeoTIFF and GDAL support are not available to produce definition";
    } else if (m_wkt.size() > 0)
    {
        message = "Reference defined with WKT, but GeoTIFF and GDAL support are not available to produce definition";
    } else
    {
        message = "None";
    }

    srs.put("proj4", message);
    srs.put("prettywkt", message);
    srs.put("wkt", message);
    srs.put("compoundwkt", message);
    srs.put("prettycompoundwkt", message);
    srs.put("gtiff", message);
#endif

    return srs;

}

std::string SpatialReference::GetGTIFFText() const
{
#ifndef HAVE_LIBGEOTIFF
    return std::string("");
#else

    if( m_gtiff == NULL )
        return std::string("");

    detail::geotiff_dir_printer geotiff_printer;
    GTIFPrint(m_gtiff, detail::libLASGeoTIFFPrint, &geotiff_printer);
    return geotiff_printer.output();
#endif
}


} // namespace liblas

std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& ostr, const liblas::SpatialReference& srs)
{

#ifdef HAVE_GDAL
    liblas::property_tree::ptree tree;
    std::string name ("spatialreference");
    tree.put_child(name, srs.GetPTree());
    liblas::property_tree::write_xml(ostr, tree);
    return ostr;

#else
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(ostr);
    boost::ignore_unused_variable_warning(srs);
    throw std::runtime_error("SpatialReference io operator<< is not available without GDAL+libgeotiff support");
#endif
}