File: XMLWriter.java

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/* XMLWriter.java                                                  NanoXML/Java
 *
 * $Revision: 1.4 $
 * $Date: 2002/03/24 11:37:51 $
 * $Name: RELEASE_2_2_1 $
 *
 * This file is part of NanoXML 2 for Java.
 * Copyright (C) 2000-2002 Marc De Scheemaecker, All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied warranty.
 * In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages arising from the
 * use of this software.
 *
 * Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
 * including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
 * freely, subject to the following restrictions:
 *
 *  1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
 *     claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software in
 *     a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
 *     appreciated but is not required.
 *
 *  2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
 *     misrepresented as being the original software.
 *
 *  3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
 */

package net.n3.nanoxml;


import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.Vector;


/**
 * An XMLWriter writes XML data to a stream.
 *
 * @see net.n3.nanoxml.IXMLElement
 * @see java.io.Writer
 *
 * @author Marc De Scheemaecker
 * @version $Name: RELEASE_2_2_1 $, $Revision: 1.4 $
 */
public class XMLWriter
{

   /**
    * Where to write the output to.
    */
   private PrintWriter writer;


   /**
    * Creates a new XML writer.
    *
    * @param writer where to write the output to.
    */
   public XMLWriter(Writer writer)
   {
      if (writer instanceof PrintWriter) {
         this.writer = (PrintWriter) writer;
      } else {
         this.writer = new PrintWriter(writer);
      }
   }


   /**
    * Creates a new XML writer.
    *
    * @param stream where to write the output to.
    */
   public XMLWriter(OutputStream stream)
   {
      this.writer = new PrintWriter(stream);
   }


   /**
    * Cleans up the object when it's destroyed.
    */
   protected void finalize()
      throws Throwable
   {
      this.writer = null;
      super.finalize();
   }


   /**
    * Writes an XML element.
    *
    * @param xml the non-null XML element to write.
    */
   public void write(IXMLElement xml)
      throws IOException
   {
      this.write(xml, false, 0, true);
   }


   /**
    * Writes an XML element.
    *
    * @param xml the non-null XML element to write.
    * @param prettyPrint if spaces need to be inserted to make the output more
    *                    readable
    */
   public void write(IXMLElement xml,
                     boolean     prettyPrint)
      throws IOException
   {
      this.write(xml, prettyPrint, 0, true);
   }


   /**
    * Writes an XML element.
    *
    * @param xml the non-null XML element to write.
    * @param prettyPrint if spaces need to be inserted to make the output more
    *                    readable
    * @param indent how many spaces to indent the element.
    */
   public void write(IXMLElement xml,
                     boolean     prettyPrint,
                     int         indent)
       throws IOException
   {
       this.write(xml, prettyPrint, indent, true);
   }

   
   /**
    * Writes an XML element.
    *
    * @param xml the non-null XML element to write.
    * @param prettyPrint if spaces need to be inserted to make the output more
    *                    readable
    * @param indent how many spaces to indent the element.
    */
   public void write(IXMLElement xml,
                     boolean     prettyPrint,
                     int         indent,
                     boolean     collapseEmptyElements)
      throws IOException
   {
      if (prettyPrint) {
         for (int i = 0; i < indent; i++) {
            this.writer.print(' ');
         }
      }

      if (xml.getName() == null) {
         if (xml.getContent() != null) {
            if (prettyPrint) {
               this.writeEncoded(xml.getContent().trim());
               writer.println();
            } else {
               this.writeEncoded(xml.getContent());
            }
         }
      } else {
         this.writer.print('<');
         this.writer.print(xml.getFullName());
         Vector nsprefixes = new Vector();

         if (xml.getNamespace() != null) {
            if (xml.getName().equals(xml.getFullName())) {
               this.writer.print(" xmlns=\"" + xml.getNamespace() + '"');
            } else {
               String prefix = xml.getFullName();
               prefix = prefix.substring(0, prefix.indexOf(':'));
               nsprefixes.addElement(prefix);
               this.writer.print(" xmlns:" + prefix);
               this.writer.print("=\"" + xml.getNamespace() + "\"");
            }
         }

         Enumeration enu = xml.enumerateAttributeNames();

         while (enu.hasMoreElements()) {
            String key = (String) enu.nextElement();
            int index = key.indexOf(':');

            if (index >= 0) {
               String namespace = xml.getAttributeNamespace(key);

               if (namespace != null) {
                  String prefix = key.substring(0, index);

                  if (! nsprefixes.contains(prefix)) {
                     this.writer.print(" xmlns:" + prefix);
                     this.writer.print("=\"" + namespace + '"');
                     nsprefixes.addElement(prefix);
                  }
               }
            }
         }

         enu = xml.enumerateAttributeNames();

         while (enu.hasMoreElements()) {
            String key = (String) enu.nextElement();
            String value = xml.getAttribute(key, null);
            this.writer.print(" " + key + "=\"");
            this.writeEncoded(value);
            this.writer.print('"');
         }

         if ((xml.getContent() != null)
             && (xml.getContent().length() > 0)) {
            writer.print('>');
            this.writeEncoded(xml.getContent());
            writer.print("</" + xml.getFullName() + '>');

            if (prettyPrint) {
               writer.println();
            }
         } else if (xml.hasChildren() || (! collapseEmptyElements)) {
            writer.print('>');

            if (prettyPrint) {
               writer.println();
            }

            enu = xml.enumerateChildren();

            while (enu.hasMoreElements()) {
               IXMLElement child = (IXMLElement) enu.nextElement();
               this.write(child, prettyPrint, indent + 4,
                          collapseEmptyElements);
            }

            if (prettyPrint) {
               for (int i = 0; i < indent; i++) {
                  this.writer.print(' ');
               }
            }

            this.writer.print("</" + xml.getFullName() + ">");

            if (prettyPrint) {
               writer.println();
            }
         } else {
            this.writer.print("/>");

            if (prettyPrint) {
               writer.println();
            }
         }
      }

      this.writer.flush();
   }


   /**
    * Writes a string encoding reserved characters.
    *
    * @param str the string to write.
    */
   private void writeEncoded(String str)
   {
      for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
         char c = str.charAt(i);

         switch (c) {
            case 0x0A:
               this.writer.print(c);
               break;

            case '<':
               this.writer.print("&lt;");
               break;

            case '>':
               this.writer.print("&gt;");
               break;

            case '&':
               this.writer.print("&amp;");
               break;

            case '\'':
               this.writer.print("&apos;");
               break;

            case '"':
               this.writer.print("&quot;");
               break;

            default:
               if ((c < ' ') || (c > 0x7E)) {
                  this.writer.print("&#x");
                  this.writer.print(Integer.toString(c, 16));
                  this.writer.print(';');
               } else {
                  this.writer.print(c);
               }
         }
      }
   }

}