File: astma2-fact.yp

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%{
use Data::Dumper;
use TM;
use TM::Literal;

use constant {
    XSD        => 'http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema',
    XSD_STRING => 'http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string',
    ASTMA      => 'http://psi.tm.bond.edu.au/astma/2.0/',
    ONTOLOGY   => 'http://psi.tm.bond.edu.au/astma/2.0/#ontology',
    TEMPLATE   => 'http://psi.tm.bond.edu.au/astma/2.0/#template'
    };

sub _expand_template {
    my $store  = shift;
    my $ted    = shift;
    my $params = shift; # they are all strings at this level

#warn "params".Dumper $params;

    my @returns = $store->match (TM->FORALL, type => 'return', irole => 'thing', iplayer => $store->tids ($ted) )
                  or die "template '$ted' does not have a 'return' characteristic";
#warn Dumper \@returns;
    my $return = $returns[0]->[TM->PLAYERS]->[1] and (scalar @returns == 1
                  or die "ambiguous 'return' characteristics for '$ted'");

    my $value  = $return->[0] and ($return->[1] eq 'http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string' 
		  or die "'return' characteristic of '$ted' is no string");
#warn "template id '$ted' >>>$value<<<";
    foreach my $p (keys %$params) {
	$value =~ s/{\s*\$$p\s*}/$params->{$p}/sg;
    }
#warn "after template id '$ted' >>>$value<<<";
    die "variable '$1' in template '$ted' has no value at expansion" if $value =~ /{\s*(\$\w+)\s*}/;
    return $value;
}

%}

%token DUMMY

%token EOL
%token DOT
%token BRA
%token KET
%token URI
%token TILDE
%token EQUAL
%token COLON
%token NAME
%token OCC
%token VALUE
%token HAS
%token DOWNCOMMA
%token COMMA
%token WHICH
%token TED
%token REIFIES
%token ISREIFIED
%token LPAREN
%token RPAREN

%token SUBCL
%token ISA

%token LOG
%token CANCEL
%token VERSION
%token INCLUDE


%token COMMENT
%token WILDCARD
%token DATE

%token BN
%token OC
%token IN
%token SIN
%token STRING
%token ID
%token ISINDICATEDBY
%token LBRACKET
%token RBRACKET
%token AT

%%



instance            : # empty
                    | instance EOL
                    | instance clause
    ;

clause              :                                     { $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx} = undef; } 
                      theme DOT
                    | template_expansion
                    | directive
    ;

directive           : CANCEL                              { die "Cancelled"; }
                    | LOG                                 { warn $_[1]; 1; }              # write message to STDERR
                    | VERSION                             { die "unsupported version $_[1]" unless $_[1] =~ /^2\./; 1; }
                    | INCLUDE                             {
                                                            my $content;

                                                            if ($_[1] =~ /\|\s*$/) { # a pipe | at the end, this is a UNIX pipe
								my $fh = IO::File->new ($_[1]) || die "unable to open pipe '$_[1]'";
								local $/ = undef;
								$content = <$fh>;
								$fh->close;
							    } else {
								use LWP::Simple;
								$content = get($_[1]) || die "unable to load '$_[1] with LWP'\n";
							    }
#warn "new content >>>$content<<<";
                                                            $_[0]->YYData->{INPUT} = $content . $_[0]->YYData->{INPUT}; # prepend it
                                                            }
                    | ENCODING                            {
                                                            use Encode;
                                                            Encode::from_to ($_[0]->YYData->{INPUT}, "iso-8859-1", $_[1]);
                                                            }
    ;

template_expansion  : TED parameters                      { $_[0]->YYData->{INPUT} .= "\n" . 
                                                                                      _expand_template ($_[0]->{USER}->{store},
													$_[1],
													$_[2])      # compute the expanded version
                                                                                    . "\n";                         # extend the text at the end;
                                                           }
    ;

parameters          : # empty
                                                          { { } }
                    | LPAREN bindings RPAREN              { $_[2] }
    ;

bindings            : binding
                    | bindings COMMA binding              { $_[1] = { %{$_[1]}, %{$_[3]} }; $_[1]; }                # combine the hashes
    ;

binding             : ID COLON { $_[0]->{USER}->{value} = 1 } VALUE          { { "$_[1]" => $_[4]->[0] } }          # create a small hash (and use the string)
    ;

theme               : BRA topic KET
                    | topic
    ;

topic               : { unshift @{$_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}}, undef; }                      # push a (yet unknown) topic
                      attachments
                      association
    ;

association         : # empty
                    | REIFIES          { $_[0]->{USER}->{reifier} = $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0]; 
					                            $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] = undef;
				       }
                      identification   { $_[0]->{USER}->{atype}   = $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0];
					 $_[0]->{USER}->{assoc}   = 1;                                 # indicate to lexer that we are in assoc context
				       }
                      scope
                      rolesin roles rolesout
                      {
#  warn "roles :". Dumper $_[7];
			  $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->assert ([ $_[0]->{USER}->{reifier},       # LID
							    $_[5],                          # SCOPE
							    $_[0]->{USER}->{atype},         # TYPE
							    TM->ASSOC,                      # KIND
							    @{$_[7]},  # ROLES, PLAYERS
							    undef ] );
                          $_[0]->{USER}->{implicits}->{'isa-scope'}->{$_[5]}++ if $_[5];
	                  $_[0]->{USER}->{assoc} = undef;                                 # indicate to lexer that we left assoc context
		      }
    ;

rolesin             : LPAREN | EOL
    ;
rolesout            : # empty
                    | RPAREN
                    | EOL
    ;
rolesep             : COMMA | EOL
    ;

roles               : role
                    | roles rolesep role         { 
                                                  push @{$_[1]->[0]}, @{$_[3]->[0]};
						  push @{$_[1]->[1]}, @{$_[3]->[1]};
						  $_[1];
					          }
    ;

role                : topic { $_[0]->{USER}->{role} = $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] }
                      COLON {                         $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] = undef } # clean out context
                      identifications          {
			                        [ [ ($_[0]->{USER}->{role}) x scalar @{$_[5]} ], $_[5] ]
						}
    ;

identifications     :                 identification { $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] = undef }  # clean out context here
                                                     { [ $_[1] ] }
                    | identifications identification { $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] = undef }
                                                     { push @{$_[1]}, $_[2]; $_[1]; }
    ;

attachments         : # empty
                    | attachments       HAS characteristic
                    | attachments WHICH HAS characteristic
                    | attachments           expansion
                    | attachments WHICH     expansion
                    | attachments           identification
                    | attachments EOL       identification
    ;

relative            : # empty
                    | DOWNCOMMA attachments upcomma
    ;

upcomma             : # empty
                    | COMMA
    ;

predefined_inlines  : ISA   { 'isa' }
                    | SUBCL { 'subclasses' }
                    | TED
    ;

expansion           : predefined_inlines parameters { unshift @{$_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}}, undef; } identification
                               {
#  warn " expand ctx ".Dumper $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx};
				my $left      = $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[1];
				my $ted       = $_[1];
				my $right     = $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0];
				my $store     = $_[0]->{USER}->{store};
                                my $params    = $_[2];

#warn "left $left ted $ted right $right";

				if ($ted eq 'subclasses') {
				    $store->assert ([ undef,                          # LID
						      undef,                          # SCOPE
						      'is-subclass-of',               # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,                      # KIND
						      [ 'subclass',  'superclass' ],  # ROLES
						      [ $left,       $right ],        # PLAYERS
						      undef ] );
				} elsif ($ted eq 'isa') {
				    $store->assert ([ undef,                   	      # LID
						      undef,                   	      # SCOPE
						      'isa',                  	      # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,        	      # KIND
						      [ 'instance', 'class' ], 	      # ROLES
						      [ $left,       $right ],	      # PLAYERS
						      undef ] );
				} elsif ($ted eq 'hasa') {                            # same, but other way round
				    $store->assert ([ undef,                   	      # LID
						      undef,                   	      # SCOPE
						      'isa',               	      # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,        	      # KIND
						      [ 'instance', 'class' ], 	      # ROLES
						      [ $right,     $left ],	      # PLAYERS
						      undef ] );
				} else {
				    $_[0]->YYData->{INPUT} .= "\n" .
    					                      _expand_template ($store,
										$ted,
										{ %$params,
										  '_left' => $left,
										  '_right' => $right})      # compute the expanded version
                                                            . "\n";                                         # extend the text at the end;
				}
			    }

                       relative  { shift @{$_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}}; } # clean out context
    ;

identification      : tid      {
#    warn "tid: >>".$_[1]."<<";
                                 if (! defined $_[1]) {                                                     # wildcard
				     $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] ||= $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize (sprintf "uuid-%010d", $TM::toplet_ctr++);
				 } elsif (ref ($_[1])) {                                                    # reference means indicator
                                     $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] = $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize ($_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] => $_[1]);
				 } elsif ($_[1] =~ /^\w+:.+/) {                                             # URI means subject address
                                     $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] = $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize ($_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] => $_[1]);
				 } else {                                                                   # some lousy identifier
#   warn "checking for context ".Dumper $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] ;
				     die "duplicate ID: $_[1] and $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0]"
					 if ($_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0]);                                    # we already have an identifier!
				     $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0] = $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize ($_[1]);
				 }
                                 $_[1] = $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0];                                     # whatever that was, that's it
			     }
;

characteristic      : tid scope type COLON { $_[0]->{USER}->{value} = 1 } VALUE
                            {
				my $ctype = $_[1];
				my $cclass;                                        # we do not yet know what this will be
				if ($_[3]) {                                       # there is a type specified
				    $cclass = $_[3];                               # take this to be the class of what ctype is
				} elsif ($_[1] =~ /.*name$/) {                     # looks like a name
				    if ($_[6]->[1] eq XSD_STRING) {                # but we check first what type the value is
					$cclass = 'name';                          # for a string we allow it to be a name
				    } else {
					$cclass = 'occurrence';                    # otherwise, we guess it is an occurrence
				    }
				} else {                                           # type does not end with 'name'
				    $cclass = 'occurrence';                        # this is then an occurrence
				}

				if ($cclass ne $ctype) { # a new instance was introduced
				    $store->assert ([ undef,                   	      # LID
						      undef,                   	      # SCOPE
						      'is-subclass-of',        	      # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,        	      # KIND
						      [ 'subclass', 'superclass' ],   # ROLES
						      [ $ctype,      $cclass ],	      # PLAYERS
						      undef ] );
				}
#  warn "char $_[1] ctx ".Dumper $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx};
				$_[0]->{USER}->{store}->assert (                                                  #
								[
								 undef,                                           # LID
								 $_[2],                                           # SCOPE (undef is ok)
								 $_[1],                                           # TYPE

								 $cclass eq 'name'       ? TM->NAME
                                                                 :
                                                                ($cclass eq 'occurrence' ? TM->OCC
                                                                                         : TM->ASSOC),            # KIND
								 [ 'thing', 'value' ],                            # ROLES
								 [ $_[0]->{USER}->{ctx}->[0],     $_[6] ],        # PLAYERS
								 undef
								 ]
								);
			    }
    ;

scope               : # empty
                    | AT tid { $_[2]; }
    ;

type                : # empty
                    | SUBCL tid { $_[2] }
    ;


ctype               : NAME
                    | OCC
    ;

tid                 : ID                           {   $_[1]; }
                    | WILDCARD                     {   undef; }       # make sure we have an ID
                    | DATE                         { \ $_[1]; }
                    | EQUAL URI                    {   $_[2]; }
                    | TILDE URI                    { \ $_[2]; }
                    | URI                          {
                                                     my $baseuri = $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->baseuri;
                                                     $_[1] =~ /^$baseuri(.+)/ ? $1 : \ $_[1];
                                                     }
   ;


#-------------------------------------------

xinstance           : # empty
                    | instance EOL
                    | instance theme
    ;

xxxtopic              : identification involvements
    ;

xinvolvements       : # empty
                   | involvements involvement
    ;

involvement        : identification
                   | AND attachment
                   | attachment
                   | LRELATIVE relative RRELATIVE
    ;

xattachment         : statement
    ;

statement          : ISA topic
    ;






xxtopic              : tid 
                     {
			 warn "involve ".Dumper $_[2];
			 1;
		      }
;

tids               : tid                          { [ $_[1] ] } # singleton
                   | tids tid                     { push @{$_[1]}, $_[2]; $_[1] }
;

involvements       :                                                               { [] } #empty
                   | involvements inlined_expansion                                { push @{$_[1]}, $_[2]; $_[1] }
;

inlined_expansion  : LPAREN tids RPAREN                                            { $_[2] }
;

#types                      :                                         { [] } # empty
#                           | types type                              { push @{$_[1]}, @{$_[2]}; $_[1] }
#;
#
#type                       : ISA ID                                  { [ $_[2] ] }
#                           | LPAREN ids RPAREN                       {   $_[2]   }
#;





xtopic            : ID types reification_indication inline_assocs EOL
                    {
			$_[1] = $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize ($_[1]);

			if (ref $_[3]) {                                                   # we have reification info
			    if (     $_[3]->[0] == 1) {                                    # 1 = REIFIES, means current ID is a shorthand for the other
				$_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize ($_[1] => $_[3]->[1]); 
			    } elsif ($_[3]->[0] == 0) {                                    # 0 = IS-REIFIED, this must be the other way round
				$_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize ($_[3]->[1] => $_[1]);
			    } elsif ($_[3]->[0] == 2) {                                    # 2 = ISINDICATEDBY, add the subject indicators
				$_[0]->{USER}->{store}->internalize ($_[1] => \ $_[3]->[1]);
			    } else {
				die "internal fu**up";
			    }
			}
			# assert instance/class
                        if (@{$_[2]}) {
			    $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->assert ( map {
							  [ undef, 
							    undef, 
							    'isa', 
							    undef,
							    [ 'class', 'instance' ], 
                                                            [ $_, $_[1] ], 
							    ]}  
							     @{$_[2]} );
			}
			{                                                                  # memorize that the types should be a 'topic' at the end (see end of parse)
			    my $implicits = $_[0]->{USER}->{implicits};
#			    my $s         = $_[0]->{USER}->{store};
			    map { $implicits->{'isa-thing'}->{$_}++ } 
			             (@{$_[2]}, $_[1]);                                    # the types and the ID are declared implicitely
			}
			
			if (ref $_[4]) {                                                   # there are inline assocs
#warn "test for inlines";
			    foreach (@{$_[4]}) {
				my $type      = $_->[0];
				my $player    = $_->[1];
				my $store     = $_[0]->{USER}->{store};
				my $templates = $_[0]->{USER}->{templates};
#warn "found type $type $player";
				if ($type eq 'is-subclass-of' || $type eq 'subclasses') {
				    $store->assert ([ undef,                          # LID
						      undef,                          # SCOPE
						      'is-subclass-of',               # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,                      # KIND
						      [ 'subclass',  'superclass' ],  # ROLES
						      [ $_[1],       $player ],       # PLAYERS
						      undef ] );
				} elsif ($type eq 'is-a') {
				    $store->assert ([ undef,                   	      # LID
						      undef,                   	      # SCOPE
						      'isa',                  	      # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,        	      # KIND
						      [ 'instance', 'class' ], 	      # ROLES
						      [ $_[1],       $player ],	      # PLAYERS
						      undef ] );
				} elsif ($type eq 'has-a') {                          # same, but other way round
				    $store->assert ([ undef,                   	      # LID
						      undef,                   	      # SCOPE
						      'isa',               	      # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,        	      # KIND
						      [ 'instance', 'class' ], 	      # ROLES
						      [ $player,     $_[1] ],	      # PLAYERS
						      undef ] );
				} elsif ($templates->tids ( $type ) &&
					 (my @ts    = $templates->match (TM->FORALL, type => $templates->tids ( $type )  ))) {
#warn "found templates for $type";
				    warn "duplicate template for '$type' found, taking one" if @ts > 1;
				    my $t = $ts[0];                                   # I choose one

#warn "YYY cloning ($type)";

				    $store->assert ([ undef,                   	      # LID
						      undef,                   	      # SCOPE
						      $type,               	      # TYPE
						      TM->ASSOC,        	      # KIND
						      [  	                      # ROLES
							map {
							    my $l = $templates->reified_by ($_);
							    ($l && $l eq LEFT ?
							           $_[1]
							     :
							           ($l && $l eq RIGHT ?
                                                                          $player
                                                                    :
								          $_)
							     )
							    } @{$t->[TM->ROLES]} 
						      ],
						      [                       	      # PLAYERS
							map {
							    my $l = $templates->reified_by ($_);
							    ($l && $l eq LEFT ?
							           $_[1]
							     :
							           ($l && $l eq RIGHT ?
                                                                          $player
                                                                    :
								          $_)
							     )
							    } @{$t->[TM->PLAYERS]} 
						      ],
						      undef ] );
				} else {
				    die "unknown association type '$type' in inlined association";
				}
			    }
			}
		    }
                       characteristics_indication
                        {
#warn "char/ind in topic: ".Dumper $_[7];
                         my $id = $_[1];
                         # add assertions for every characteristic
                         $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->assert ( map {[ undef,                                         # LID
                                                                 $_->[1],                                       # SCOPE
                                                                 $_->[2] || $TM::CharInfo[$_->[0]]->[0],        # TYPE
                                                                 $_->[0],                                       # KIND
                                                                 [ 'thing', $TM::CharInfo[$_->[0]]->[1] ],      # ROLES
                                                                 [ $id,             $_->[3] ],                  # PLAYERS
                                                                 undef ] }
                                                               @{$_[7]->[0]} );

                         map { $store->internalize ($id => $_ ) } @{$_[7]->[1]};         # add the subject indicators

			 {                                                               # memorize basename types and scopes as implicitely defined
			     my $implicits = $_[0]->{USER}->{implicits};
			     map { $implicits->{'isa-scope'}->{$_}++ }
                                   map { $_->[1] } grep ($_->[1], @{$_[7]->[0]});        # get the bloody scopes and tuck them away

			     map { $implicits->{'subclasses'}->{ $TM::CharInfo[$_->[0]]->[0] }->{$_->[2]}++ }
                                   grep ($_->[2], @{$_[7]->[0]});                        # get all the characteristics with types

#warn "implicits then ".Dumper $implicits;
			 }
		         }
;

reification_indication     : # empty
                           | REIFIES       ID                        { [ 1, $_[2] ] }            # 0, 1, 2 are just local encoding, nothing relevant 
                           | ISREIFIED     ID                        { [ 0, $_[2] ] }
                           | ISINDICATEDBY ID                        { [ 2, $_[2] ] }
;

types                      :                                         { [] } # empty
                           | types type                              { push @{$_[1]}, @{$_[2]}; $_[1] }
;

xtype                       : ISA ID                                  { [ $_[2] ] }
                           | LPAREN ids RPAREN                       {   $_[2]   }
;

characteristics_indication : # empty
                           | characteristics_indication  characteristic_indication
                                                                     { push @{$_[1]->[ ref($_[2]) eq 'ARRAY' ? 0 : 1 ]}, $_[2]; $_[1] }
;                                                                    # do not tell me this is not cryptic, it fast, though
                                                                     # if we get a characteristic back, then it is a list ref, then we add it to $_[1]->[0]
                                                                     # if we get a subject indication back, then it is a scalar, so we add it to $_[1]->[1]
xcharacteristic_indication  : characteristic
                           | indication
;

indication                 : SIN           { $_[0]->{USER}->{string} ||= "\n" } string            { $_[3] }        # TODO: replace with ID?
;


class                      : BN                                      { TM->KIND_BN  }
                           | OC                                      { TM->KIND_OC  }
                           | IN                                      { TM->KIND_IN  }
;

char_type                  : # empty
                           | assoc_type
;

assoc_type                 : LPAREN ID RPAREN                        {   $_[2]   }
;


inline_assocs              : # empty
                           | inline_assocs inline_assoc              { push @{$_[1]}, $_[2]; $_[1] }
;

inline_assoc               : ID ID                                   { [ $_[1], $_[2] ] }
;

template_definition        : LBRACKET 
                                      { ($_[0]->{USER}->{templates}, $_[0]->{USER}->{store}) = ($_[0]->{USER}->{store}, $_[0]->{USER}->{templates}); }
                                                                         # flag that we are inside a template
                             association_definition
                                      { ($_[0]->{USER}->{templates}, $_[0]->{USER}->{store}) = ($_[0]->{USER}->{store}, $_[0]->{USER}->{templates}); }
                             #RBRACKET                                   # consumed by members already
;

association_definition     : LPAREN ID RPAREN scope reification_indication EOL
                             association_members
                             {
##warn "members ".Dumper $_[5];
## ??? TODO SCOPE ????
			       my (@roles, @players);
			       foreach my $m (@{$_[7]}) {                 # one member
				   my $role = shift @$m;                  # first is role
				   
				   while (@$m) {
				       push @roles, $role;                # roles repeat for every player
				       my $player = shift @$m;
				       push @players, $player;
				   }
			       }
			       my ($a) = $_[0]->{USER}->{store}->assert ( [ undef, $_[4], $_[2], TM->ASSOC, \@roles, \@players, undef ] );
##warn "templates" .Dumper $_[0]->{USER}->{store};
                              { # reification
				  my $ms = $_[0]->{USER}->{store};
				  if (ref $_[5]) {
				      if ($_[5]->[0] == 1) {                   # 1 = REIFIES, 0 = IS-REIFIED
					  # (assoc) reifies http://.... means
					  #     1) the assoc will be addes as thing (is done already)
					  #     2) the http:// will be used as one subject indicator
					  die "reifier of association must be a URI" unless $_[5]->[1] =~ /^\w+:.+/;
					  $ms->internalize ($a->[TM::LID], $_[5]->[1]);
				      } elsif ($_[5]->[0] == 0) {              # something reifies this assoc
					  # (assoc) is-reified-by xxx   means
					  #     1) assoc is added as thing (is done already)
					  #     2) the local identifier is added as thing with the abs URL of the assoc as subject address
					  die "reifier must be local identifier" unless $_[5]->[1] =~ /^\w+$/;
					  $ms->internalize ($_[5]->[1] => $a->[TM::LID]);
				      } else { # this would be 'indication' but we do not want that here
					  die "indication for association are undefined";
				      }
				  }
			      }

			       { # memorize that association type subclasses association
#				   my $implicits = $_[0]->{USER}->{implicits};

# implicit			   $implicits->{'subclasses'}->{'association'}->{$_[2]}++;
				   $_[0]->{USER}->{implicits}->{'isa-scope'}->{$_[4]}++ if $_[4];
			       }
			   }
;

association_members        : member                           {                       [ $_[1] ] }
                           | association_members member       { push @{$_[1]}, $_[2];   $_[1]  }
;

member                     : ID COLON ids1 eom                { [ $_[1], @{$_[3]} ] }
;

eom                        : EOL                              # normal assoc
                           | RBRACKET EOL                     # in case we are inside a template
;

ids1                       : ids ID                           { push @{$_[1]}, $_[2]; $_[1] }
;

ids                        :                                  { [] } # empty
                           | ids ID                           { push @{$_[1]}, $_[2]; $_[1] }
;

string                     : STRING EOL { die "empty string in characteristics" unless $_[1]; \$_[1] }
;

%%

sub _Error {
    die "Syntax error: Found ".$_[0]->YYCurtok." but expected ".join (' or ', sort($_[0]->YYExpect));
}

sub _Lexer {
    my $parser = shift;
    my $refINPUT = \$parser->YYData->{INPUT};

#    study $$refINPUT;

    $$refINPUT                                        or  return ('',              undef);  # this is the end of the world, as we know it
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^[ \t]+//o;

#warn "lexer ($parser->{USER}->{string}):>>>".$parser->YYData->{INPUT};

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\n\n//so                         and return ('DOT',       	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\n$//so                          and return ('DOT',       	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\.//so                           and return ('DOT',       	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\~//so                           and return ('TILDE',     	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^=//o                             and return ('EQUAL',   	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^://o                             and return ('COLON',         undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^,\s*(which|who)\b//o             and return ('DOWNCOMMA',     undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^,(?!\s*(which|who)\b)//o         and return ('COMMA',         undef);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^is-?a\b//o                       and return ('ISA',       	   undef);
#    $$refINPUT =~ s/^has-?a\b//o                      and return ('TED',       	   'hasa');
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^subclasses\b//o                  and return ('SUBCL',     	   undef);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^has\b//o                         and return ('HAS',       	   undef);

    unless ($parser->{USER}->{assoc}) {                                                    # in topic context this corresponds to HAS
	$$refINPUT =~ s/^\n\s*(?=\w+\s*[:<@]\s)//so   and return ('HAS',           undef); # positive look-ahead for things like <CR>bn :<blank>
    }

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^(which|who)\b//o                 and return ('WHICH',         undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^and(\s+(which|who))?\b//so       and return ('WHICH',         undef); # (can go over lines)


    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\n//so                           and return ('EOL',       	   undef);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^{//so                            and return ('BRA',     	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^}//so                            and return ('KET',     	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\(//so                           and return ('LPAREN',        undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\)//so                           and return ('RPAREN',        undef);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^<<//o                            and return ('REIFIES',   	   undef);
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^<//o                             and return ('SUBCL',   	   undef);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^>>//o                            and return ('ISREIFIED', 	   undef);


    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\*//o                            and return ('WILDCARD',      undef);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^(\d{4}-\d{1,2}-\d{1,2})(T(\d{1,2}):(\d{2}))?//o
                                                      and return ('DATE',          sprintf "urn:x-date:%s:%02d:%02d", $1, $3 || 0, $4 || 0); # is a date

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^bn\b//o                          and return ('ID',      	   "name");
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^oc\b//o                          and return ('ID',       	   "occurrence");
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^in\b//o                          and return ('ID',       	   "occurrence");

    if ($parser->{USER}->{value}) {  # parser said we should expect a value now
##warn "expect value >>".$$refINPUT."<<";
	$$refINPUT =~ s/^\"{3}(.*?)\"{3}(?=\n)//so    and
#            (warn "returning multi $1" or 1) and
	    (undef $parser->{USER}->{value}           or  return ('VALUE',         new TM::Literal ($1)));
	$$refINPUT =~ s/^\"(.*?)\"(^^(\S+))?//o       and
#            (warn "returning simlg $1" or 1) and
	    (undef $parser->{USER}->{value}           or  return ('VALUE',         new TM::Literal ($1, $3)));
	$$refINPUT =~ s/^(\d+\.\d+)//o                and
#            (warn "returning float $1" or 1) and
	    (undef $parser->{USER}->{value}           or  return ('VALUE',         new TM::Literal  ($1, TM::Literal->DECIMAL)));
	$$refINPUT =~ s/^(\d+)//o                     and
#            (warn "returning int $1" or 1) and
	    (undef $parser->{USER}->{value}           or  return ('VALUE',         new TM::Literal  ($1, TM::Literal->INTEGER)));
	$$refINPUT =~ s/^(\w+:\S+)//o                 and
#            (warn "returning uri $1" or 1) and
	    (undef $parser->{USER}->{value}           or  return ('VALUE',         new TM::Literal  ($1, TM::Literal->URI)));
	$$refINPUT =~ s/^(.+?)(?=\s*\n)//o            and
#            (warn "returning unquo $1" or 1) and
	    (undef $parser->{USER}->{value}           or  return ('VALUE',         new TM::Literal  ($1)));

##            (warn "returning $1" or 1) and
##	    (undef $parser->{USER}->{value}           or  return ('VALUE',         new TM::Literal ($1)));
##warn "no string";
    }

## unfortunately, this does not what I want:
##  $$refINPUT =~ s/^([A-Za-z][A-Za-z0-9_-]*)(?!:)//o and return ('ID',        $1); # negative look-ahead
## tricky optimization: don't ask
    my $aux;                                                                        # need this to store identifier/uri prefix temporarily (optimization)
    my $aux2;                                                                       # need this to store ontology URL, if there is one
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^([A-Za-z][.A-Za-z0-9_-]*)//o     and $aux = $1                 # save this for later
	                                              and $$refINPUT !~ /^:[\w\/]/
                                                      and return (_is_template ($parser->{USER}->{store},
										$aux) 
                                                               ? 'TED' : 'ID', $aux);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^(:([^\s\)\(\]\[]+))//o           and return ('URI',       ( $aux2 = _is_ontology ($parser->{USER}->{store},
												       $parser->{USER}->{prefixes},
												       $aux)) ? $aux2."#$2" : $aux.$1); # is a URL/URN actually

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^@//so                            and return ('AT',        undef);


    $$refINPUT =~ s/^%include\s+(.*?)(?=\n)//so       and return ('INCLUDE',   $1); # positive look-ahead
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^%log\s+(.*?)(?=\n)//so           and return ('LOG',       $1); # positive look-ahead
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^%cancel(?=\n)//so                and return ('CANCEL',    $1); # positive look-ahead
    $$refINPUT =~ s/^%version\s+(\d+\.\d+)(?=\n)//so  and return ('VERSION',   $1); # positive look-ahead

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^%encoding\s+(.*?)(?=\n)//so      and return ('ENCODING',  $1); # positive look-ahead


#    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\[//so                           and return ('LBRACKET',  undef);
#    $$refINPUT =~ s/^\]//so                           and return ('RBRACKET',  undef);

    $$refINPUT =~ s/^(.)//so                          and return ($1,          $1); # should not be an issue except on error
}

sub _is_template {
    my $store = shift;
    my $id    = shift;

    my $t = $store->tids ($id) or return undef;
    return $store->is_a ($t, $store->tids (\ TEMPLATE));
}

sub _is_ontology {
    my $store    = shift;
    my $prefixes = shift;
    my $prefix   = shift;

#warn "texting prefix '$prefix' on ".Dumper $prefixes;
    return $prefixes->{$prefix} if $prefixes->{$prefix};                                  # cache

    if ($prefix eq 'astma') {                                                             # this is one predefined prefix
	$prefixes->{$prefix} = ASTMA;
    } elsif ($prefix eq 'xsd') {                                                          # this is the other predefined prefix
	$prefixes->{$prefix} = XSD;
    } else {
	my $p = $store->tids ($prefix);
	if ($p && $store->is_a ($p, $store->tids (\ ONTOLOGY))) {                         # is the topic an instance of astma:ontology?
	    $prefixes->{$prefix} = 
                $store->toplet ($store->tids ($prefix))->[TM->INDICATORS]->[0]            # then take its subject indicator as expanded URI
		or die "no subject indicator for '$prefix' provided";                     # if there is none, complain
	}
    }
#warn "prefixes now".Dumper $prefixes;
    return $prefixes->{$prefix};
}

sub parse {
    my $self               = shift;
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} = shift;

#warn "parse";

    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/\r/\n/sg;
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/(?<!\\)\\\n//sg;   # a \, but not a \\
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/ \+{3} /\n/g;      # replace _+++_ with \n
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/\+{4}/+++/g;       # stuffed ++++ cleanout
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/^\#.*?\n/\n/mg;    # # at there start of every line -> gone
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/\s+\#.*?\n/\n/mg;  # anything which starts with <blank>#, all blanks are ignored
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/\n\n\n+/\n\n/sg;
    $self->YYData->{INPUT} =~ s/\n\s+\n+/\n\n/sg;  # trimm lines with blanks only

    # we not only capture what is said EXPLICITELY in the map, we also collect implicit knowledge
    # we could add this immediately into the map at parsing, but it would slow the process down and
    # it would probably duplicate/complicate things
    $self->{USER}->{implicits} = {
	'isa-thing'  => undef,                                          # just let them spring into existence
	'isa-scope'  => undef,                                          # just let them spring into existence
	'subclasses' => undef
	};
#    $self->{USER}->{topic_count} = 0;

#   $self->{USER}->{templates} = new TM (psis => undef, baseuri => $self->{USER}->{store}->baseuri);
    $self->{USER}->{prefixes}  = {};

    eval {
	$self->YYParse ( yylex => \&_Lexer, yyerror => \&_Error); #, yydebug => 0x01 );
    }; if ($@ =~ /^Cancelled/) {
	warn $@;                                                         # de-escalate Cancelling to warning
    } elsif ($@) {
	die $@;                                                          # otherwise re-raise the exception
    }
#warn "in parse end ".Dumper $self->{USER}->{implicits};
    { # resolving implicit stuff
	my $implicits = $self->{USER}->{implicits};
	my $store     = $self->{USER}->{store};

	{ # all super/subclasses
	    foreach my $superclass (keys %{$implicits->{'subclasses'}}) {
		$store->assert ( map {
		    [ undef, undef, 'is-subclass-of', TM->ASSOC, [ 'superclass', 'subclass' ], [ $superclass, $_ ] ] 
		    }  keys %{$implicits->{'subclasses'}->{$superclass}});
	    }
	}
	{ # all things in isa-things are THINGS, simply add them
	    $store->internalize (map { $_ => undef } keys %{$implicits->{'isa-thing'}});
	}
	{ # establishing the scoping topics
	    $store->assert (map {
                                 [ undef, undef, 'isa', TM->ASSOC, [ 'class', 'instance' ], [ 'scope', $_ ] ] 
				 } keys %{$implicits->{'isa-scope'}});
	}
        $store->externalize ( $store->instances ($store->tids (\ TEMPLATE)) );                  # "removing templates now";
    }
    return $self->{USER}->{store};
}

#my $f = new TM::AsTMa::Fact;
#$f->Run;