File: bn_mp_prime_fermat.c

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#include <tommath.h>
#ifdef BN_MP_PRIME_FERMAT_C
/* LibTomMath, multiple-precision integer library -- Tom St Denis
 *
 * LibTomMath is a library that provides multiple-precision
 * integer arithmetic as well as number theoretic functionality.
 *
 * The library was designed directly after the MPI library by
 * Michael Fromberger but has been written from scratch with
 * additional optimizations in place.
 *
 * The library is free for all purposes without any express
 * guarantee it works.
 *
 * Tom St Denis, tomstdenis@gmail.com, http://libtom.org
 */

/* performs one Fermat test.
 * 
 * If "a" were prime then b**a == b (mod a) since the order of
 * the multiplicative sub-group would be phi(a) = a-1.  That means
 * it would be the same as b**(a mod (a-1)) == b**1 == b (mod a).
 *
 * Sets result to 1 if the congruence holds, or zero otherwise.
 */
int mp_prime_fermat (mp_int * a, mp_int * b, int *result)
{
  mp_int  t;
  int     err;

  /* default to composite  */
  *result = MP_NO;

  /* ensure b > 1 */
  if (mp_cmp_d(b, 1) != MP_GT) {
     return MP_VAL;
  }

  /* init t */
  if ((err = mp_init (&t)) != MP_OKAY) {
    return err;
  }

  /* compute t = b**a mod a */
  if ((err = mp_exptmod (b, a, a, &t)) != MP_OKAY) {
    goto LBL_T;
  }

  /* is it equal to b? */
  if (mp_cmp (&t, b) == MP_EQ) {
    *result = MP_YES;
  }

  err = MP_OKAY;
LBL_T:mp_clear (&t);
  return err;
}
#endif

/* $Source$ */
/* $Revision: 0.41 $ */
/* $Date: 2007-04-18 09:58:18 +0000 $ */