File: striconveha.c

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/* Character set conversion with error handling and autodetection.
   Copyright (C) 2002, 2005, 2007, 2009-2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Written by Bruno Haible.

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of either:

     * the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free
       Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your
       option) any later version.

   or

     * the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
       Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
       option) any later version.

   or both in parallel, as here.
   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

#include <config.h>

/* Specification.  */
#include "striconveha.h"

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "malloca.h"
#include "c-strcase.h"
#include "striconveh.h"

#define SIZEOF(a) (sizeof(a)/sizeof(a[0]))


/* Autodetection list.  */

struct autodetect_alias
{
  struct autodetect_alias *next;
  const char *name;
  const char * const *encodings_to_try;
};

static const char * const autodetect_utf8_try[] =
{
  /* Try UTF-8 first. There are very few ISO-8859-1 inputs that would
     be valid UTF-8, but many UTF-8 inputs are valid ISO-8859-1.  */
  "UTF-8", "ISO-8859-1",
  NULL
};
static const char * const autodetect_jp_try[] =
{
  /* Try 7-bit encoding first. If the input contains bytes >= 0x80,
     it will fail.
     Try EUC-JP next. Short SHIFT_JIS inputs may come out wrong. This
     is unavoidable. People will condemn SHIFT_JIS.
     If we tried SHIFT_JIS first, then some short EUC-JP inputs would
     come out wrong, and people would condemn EUC-JP and Unix, which
     would not be good.
     Finally try SHIFT_JIS.  */
  "ISO-2022-JP-2", "EUC-JP", "SHIFT_JIS",
  NULL
};
static const char * const autodetect_kr_try[] =
{
  /* Try 7-bit encoding first. If the input contains bytes >= 0x80,
     it will fail.
     Finally try EUC-KR.  */
  "ISO-2022-KR", "EUC-KR",
  NULL
};

static struct autodetect_alias autodetect_predefined[] =
{
  { &autodetect_predefined[1], "autodetect_utf8", autodetect_utf8_try },
  { &autodetect_predefined[2], "autodetect_jp",   autodetect_jp_try },
  { NULL,                      "autodetect_kr",   autodetect_kr_try }
};

static struct autodetect_alias *autodetect_list = &autodetect_predefined[0];
static struct autodetect_alias **autodetect_list_end =
  &autodetect_predefined[SIZEOF(autodetect_predefined)-1].next;

int
uniconv_register_autodetect (const char *name,
                             const char * const *try_in_order)
{
  size_t namelen;
  size_t listlen;
  size_t memneed;
  size_t i;
  char *memory;
  struct autodetect_alias *new_alias;
  char *new_name;
  const char **new_try_in_order;

  /* The TRY_IN_ORDER list must not be empty.  */
  if (try_in_order[0] == NULL)
    {
      errno = EINVAL;
      return -1;
    }

  /* We must deep-copy NAME and TRY_IN_ORDER, because they may be allocated
     with dynamic extent.  */
  namelen = strlen (name) + 1;
  memneed = sizeof (struct autodetect_alias) + namelen + sizeof (char *);
  for (i = 0; try_in_order[i] != NULL; i++)
    memneed += sizeof (char *) + strlen (try_in_order[i]) + 1;
  listlen = i;

  memory = (char *) malloc (memneed);
  if (memory != NULL)
    {
      new_alias = (struct autodetect_alias *) memory;
      memory += sizeof (struct autodetect_alias);

      new_try_in_order = (const char **) memory;
      memory += (listlen + 1) * sizeof (char *);

      new_name = (char *) memory;
      memcpy (new_name, name, namelen);
      memory += namelen;

      for (i = 0; i < listlen; i++)
        {
          size_t len = strlen (try_in_order[i]) + 1;
          memcpy (memory, try_in_order[i], len);
          new_try_in_order[i] = (const char *) memory;
          memory += len;
        }
      new_try_in_order[i] = NULL;

      /* Now insert the new alias.  */
      new_alias->name = new_name;
      new_alias->encodings_to_try = new_try_in_order;
      new_alias->next = NULL;
      /* FIXME: Not multithread-safe.  */
      *autodetect_list_end = new_alias;
      autodetect_list_end = &new_alias->next;
      return 0;
    }
  else
    {
      errno = ENOMEM;
      return -1;
    }
}

/* Like mem_iconveha, except no handling of transliteration.  */
static int
mem_iconveha_notranslit (const char *src, size_t srclen,
                         const char *from_codeset, const char *to_codeset,
                         enum iconv_ilseq_handler handler,
                         size_t *offsets,
                         char **resultp, size_t *lengthp)
{
  int retval = mem_iconveh (src, srclen, from_codeset, to_codeset, handler,
                            offsets, resultp, lengthp);
  if (retval >= 0 || errno != EINVAL)
    return retval;
  else
    {
      struct autodetect_alias *alias;

      /* Unsupported from_codeset or to_codeset. Check whether the caller
         requested autodetection.  */
      for (alias = autodetect_list; alias != NULL; alias = alias->next)
        if (strcmp (from_codeset, alias->name) == 0)
          {
            const char * const *encodings;

            if (handler != iconveh_error)
              {
                /* First try all encodings without any forgiving.  */
                encodings = alias->encodings_to_try;
                do
                  {
                    retval = mem_iconveha_notranslit (src, srclen,
                                                      *encodings, to_codeset,
                                                      iconveh_error, offsets,
                                                      resultp, lengthp);
                    if (!(retval < 0 && errno == EILSEQ))
                      return retval;
                    encodings++;
                  }
                while (*encodings != NULL);
              }

            encodings = alias->encodings_to_try;
            do
              {
                retval = mem_iconveha_notranslit (src, srclen,
                                                  *encodings, to_codeset,
                                                  handler, offsets,
                                                  resultp, lengthp);
                if (!(retval < 0 && errno == EILSEQ))
                  return retval;
                encodings++;
              }
            while (*encodings != NULL);

            /* Return the last call's result.  */
            return -1;
          }

      /* It wasn't an autodetection name.  */
      errno = EINVAL;
      return -1;
    }
}

int
mem_iconveha (const char *src, size_t srclen,
              const char *from_codeset, const char *to_codeset,
              bool transliterate,
              enum iconv_ilseq_handler handler,
              size_t *offsets,
              char **resultp, size_t *lengthp)
{
  if (srclen == 0)
    {
      /* Nothing to convert.  */
      *lengthp = 0;
      return 0;
    }

  /* When using GNU libc >= 2.2 or GNU libiconv >= 1.5,
     we want to use transliteration.  */
#if (((__GLIBC__ == 2 && __GLIBC_MINOR__ >= 2) || __GLIBC__ > 2) \
     && !defined __UCLIBC__) \
    || _LIBICONV_VERSION >= 0x0105
  if (transliterate)
    {
      int retval;
      size_t len = strlen (to_codeset);
      char *to_codeset_suffixed = (char *) malloca (len + 10 + 1);
      memcpy (to_codeset_suffixed, to_codeset, len);
      memcpy (to_codeset_suffixed + len, "//TRANSLIT", 10 + 1);

      retval = mem_iconveha_notranslit (src, srclen,
                                        from_codeset, to_codeset_suffixed,
                                        handler, offsets, resultp, lengthp);

      freea (to_codeset_suffixed);

      return retval;
    }
  else
#endif
    return mem_iconveha_notranslit (src, srclen,
                                    from_codeset, to_codeset,
                                    handler, offsets, resultp, lengthp);
}

/* Like str_iconveha, except no handling of transliteration.  */
static char *
str_iconveha_notranslit (const char *src,
                         const char *from_codeset, const char *to_codeset,
                         enum iconv_ilseq_handler handler)
{
  char *result = str_iconveh (src, from_codeset, to_codeset, handler);

  if (result != NULL || errno != EINVAL)
    return result;
  else
    {
      struct autodetect_alias *alias;

      /* Unsupported from_codeset or to_codeset. Check whether the caller
         requested autodetection.  */
      for (alias = autodetect_list; alias != NULL; alias = alias->next)
        if (strcmp (from_codeset, alias->name) == 0)
          {
            const char * const *encodings;

            if (handler != iconveh_error)
              {
                /* First try all encodings without any forgiving.  */
                encodings = alias->encodings_to_try;
                do
                  {
                    result = str_iconveha_notranslit (src,
                                                      *encodings, to_codeset,
                                                      iconveh_error);
                    if (!(result == NULL && errno == EILSEQ))
                      return result;
                    encodings++;
                  }
                while (*encodings != NULL);
              }

            encodings = alias->encodings_to_try;
            do
              {
                result = str_iconveha_notranslit (src,
                                                  *encodings, to_codeset,
                                                  handler);
                if (!(result == NULL && errno == EILSEQ))
                  return result;
                encodings++;
              }
            while (*encodings != NULL);

            /* Return the last call's result.  */
            return NULL;
          }

      /* It wasn't an autodetection name.  */
      errno = EINVAL;
      return NULL;
    }
}

char *
str_iconveha (const char *src,
              const char *from_codeset, const char *to_codeset,
              bool transliterate,
              enum iconv_ilseq_handler handler)
{
  if (*src == '\0' || c_strcasecmp (from_codeset, to_codeset) == 0)
    {
      char *result = strdup (src);

      if (result == NULL)
        errno = ENOMEM;
      return result;
    }

  /* When using GNU libc >= 2.2 or GNU libiconv >= 1.5,
     we want to use transliteration.  */
#if (((__GLIBC__ == 2 && __GLIBC_MINOR__ >= 2) || __GLIBC__ > 2) \
     && !defined __UCLIBC__) \
    || _LIBICONV_VERSION >= 0x0105
  if (transliterate)
    {
      char *result;
      size_t len = strlen (to_codeset);
      char *to_codeset_suffixed = (char *) malloca (len + 10 + 1);
      memcpy (to_codeset_suffixed, to_codeset, len);
      memcpy (to_codeset_suffixed + len, "//TRANSLIT", 10 + 1);

      result = str_iconveha_notranslit (src, from_codeset, to_codeset_suffixed,
                                        handler);

      freea (to_codeset_suffixed);

      return result;
    }
  else
#endif
    return str_iconveha_notranslit (src, from_codeset, to_codeset, handler);
}