File: popen.c

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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1988, 1993, 1994
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software written by Ken Arnold and
 * published in UNIX Review, Vol. 6, No. 8.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 */

/*
 * From: @(#)popen.c	8.3 (Berkeley) 4/6/94
 * From: NetBSD: popen.c,v 1.5 1995/04/11 02:45:00 cgd Exp
 * From: OpenBSD: popen.c,v 1.8 1996/12/07 10:52:06 bitblt Exp
 * From: OpenBSD: popen.c,v 1.10 1999/02/26 00:15:54 art Exp
 */
char popen_rcsid[] = 
  "$Id: popen.c,v 1.6 1999/07/16 01:12:54 dholland Exp $";

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include <glob.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "extern.h"

/*
 * Special version of popen which avoids call to shell.  This ensures noone
 * may create a pipe to a hidden program as a side effect of a list or dir
 * command.
 *
 * Note: destroys "program".
 */
static int *pids;
static int fds;

#define MAX_ARGV	100
#define MAX_GARGV	1000

FILE *
ftpd_popen(char *program, const char *type)
{
	char *cp;
	FILE *volatile iop;
	int argc, gargc, pdes[2], pid, i;
	char **pop, *argv[MAX_ARGV], *gargv[MAX_GARGV];

	if ((*type != 'r' && *type != 'w') || type[1])
		return (NULL);

	if (!pids) {
		if ((fds = getdtablesize()) <= 0)
			return (NULL);
		if ((pids = (int *)malloc((u_int)(fds * sizeof(int)))) == NULL)
			return (NULL);
		memset(pids, 0, fds * sizeof(int));
	}
	if (pipe(pdes) < 0)
		return (NULL);

	/* break up string into pieces */
	for (argc = 0, cp = program;argc < MAX_ARGV-1; cp = NULL)
		if (!(argv[argc++] = strtok(cp, " \t\n")))
			break;
	argv[MAX_ARGV-1] = NULL;

	/* glob each piece */
	gargv[0] = argv[0];
	for (gargc = argc = 1; argv[argc]; argc++) {
		glob_t gl;
#if defined(__linux__) || defined(__GLIBC__) || defined(__GNU__)
		/* 
		 * GLOB_QUOTE is default behavior. GLOB_BRACE and GLOB_TILDE
		 * aren't available...
		 */
		int flags = GLOB_NOCHECK;
#else
		int flags = GLOB_BRACE|GLOB_NOCHECK|GLOB_QUOTE|GLOB_TILDE;
#endif

		memset(&gl, 0, sizeof(gl));
		if (glob(argv[argc], flags, NULL, &gl)) {
			if (gargc < MAX_GARGV-1) {
				gargv[gargc++] = strdup(argv[argc]);
				if (gargv[gargc -1] == NULL)
					fatal ("Out of memory");
			}

		} else
			for (pop = gl.gl_pathv; *pop && gargc < MAX_GARGV-1; pop++) {
				gargv[gargc++] = strdup(*pop);
				if (gargv[gargc - 1] == NULL)
					fatal ("Out of memory");
			}
		globfree(&gl);
	}
	gargv[gargc] = NULL;

	iop = NULL;

	switch(pid = fork()) {
	case -1:			/* error */
		(void)close(pdes[0]);
		(void)close(pdes[1]);
		goto pfree;
		/* NOTREACHED */
	case 0:				/* child */
		if (*type == 'r') {
			if (pdes[1] != STDOUT_FILENO) {
				dup2(pdes[1], STDOUT_FILENO);
				(void)close(pdes[1]);
			}
			dup2(STDOUT_FILENO, STDERR_FILENO); /* stderr too! */
			(void)close(pdes[0]);
		} else {
			if (pdes[0] != STDIN_FILENO) {
				dup2(pdes[0], STDIN_FILENO);
				(void)close(pdes[0]);
			}
			(void)close(pdes[1]);
		}
		closelog();
		
		/*
		 * Close all unnecessary file descriptors and drop any privs
		 * before running external programs.
		 */
		for (i=3; i<fds; i++) {
			close(i);
		}
		close(0);
		i = geteuid();
		seteuid(0);
		/* 
		 * XXX: this doesn't seem right... and shouldn't
		 * we initgroups, or at least setgroups(0,0)?
		 */

/*
 * PSz 25 Aug 06  Must check the return status of these setgid/setuid calls,
 * see  http://www.bress.net/blog/archives/34-setuid-madness.html
 */
		if ( setgid(getegid())	!= 0 ) _exit(1);
		if ( setuid(i)		!= 0 ) _exit(1);
 
#if !defined(__linux__) && !defined(__GLIBC__) && !defined(__GNU__)
/* 
 * Not yet. Porting BSD ls to Linux would be a big and irritating job,
 * and we can't use GNU ls because of licensing. 
 */
		if (strcmp(gargv[0], "/bin/ls") == 0) {
			extern int optreset;
			/* reset getopt for ls_main */
			optreset = optind = 1;
			exit(ls_main(gargc, gargv));
		}
#endif

		execv(gargv[0], gargv);
		_exit(1);
	}
	/* parent; assume fdopen can't fail...  */
	if (*type == 'r') {
		iop = fdopen(pdes[0], type);
		(void)close(pdes[1]);
	} else {
		iop = fdopen(pdes[1], type);
		(void)close(pdes[0]);
	}
	pids[fileno(iop)] = pid;

pfree:	for (argc = 1; gargv[argc] != NULL; argc++)
		free(gargv[argc]);

	return (iop);
}

int
ftpd_pclose(FILE *iop)
{
	int fdes, status;
	pid_t pid;
	sigset_t sigset, osigset;

	/*
	 * pclose returns -1 if stream is not associated with a
	 * `popened' command, or, if already `pclosed'.
	 */
	if (pids == 0 || pids[fdes = fileno(iop)] == 0)
		return (-1);
	(void)fclose(iop);
	sigemptyset(&sigset);
	sigaddset(&sigset, SIGINT);
	sigaddset(&sigset, SIGQUIT);
	sigaddset(&sigset, SIGHUP);
	sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &sigset, &osigset);
	while ((pid = waitpid(pids[fdes], &status, 0)) < 0 && errno == EINTR)
		continue;
	sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &osigset, NULL);
	pids[fdes] = 0;
	if (pid < 0)
		return (pid);
	if (WIFEXITED(status))
		return (WEXITSTATUS(status));
	return (1);
}